Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.067
Filtrar
1.
Trials ; 24(1): 49, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36670441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor is the standard of care after coronary stenting, including coronary stenting involving bioresorbable scaffolds (BRSs). Current clinical guidelines recommend at least 12 months of DAPT after BRS implantation. However, the correlation between prolonged DAPT and net clinical benefits remains unknown. METHODS: The SPARTA trial is designed to be a prospective, randomized, parallel-group, clinical trial. It aims to compare the benefits and risks of DAPT applied for either 12 or 36 months after XINSORB BRS implantation. The primary endpoints are the incidence of the composite endpoint of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including all-cause death, any myocardial infarction (MI), and all revascularizations, as well as Bleeding Academic Research Consortium Definition (BARC) type 3 or 5 bleeding events. The secondary endpoints of the study include the device-oriented composite endpoint of target lesion failure (defined as cardiac death, target vessel-related MI, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization), target vessel failure (defined as cardiac death, MI, or ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization), scaffold thrombosis, and minor bleeding events. This trial will enroll 2106 subjects treated with the XINSORB BRS only. All subjects will receive DAPT after the index procedure for 12 (± 1) months. Subjects without MACEs or major bleeding will be randomized to receive either 24 additional months of DAPT or aspirin alone. DISCUSSION: This trial is designed to investigate the impact of extending the duration of DAPT up to 3 years after XINSORB BRS implantation by investigating the balance of risks and benefits in a broad population of treated patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04501900 . Registered on 6 August 2020.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Implantes Absorvíveis , Estudos Prospectivos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
ACS Nano ; 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36625783

RESUMO

It is known that mitochondrial dysfunction is a critical factor involved in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Mitochondrial transplantation has been suggested as an effective therapeutic strategy to protect against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, its clinical translation remains limited because it requires the local injection of mitochondria into the myocardium. Here, a polypeptide, CSTSMLKAC (PEP), bound to triphenylphosphonium cations (TPP+) effectively binds mitochondria to form a PEP-TPP-mitochondrial compound. Further investigation of this compound has revealed that the ischemia-sensing properties of PEP promote its translocation into the ischemic myocardium. Additionally, the targeting peptide, PEP, readily dissociates from the PEP-TPP-mitochondrial compound, allowing for the transplanted mitochondria to be efficiently internalized by cardiomyocytes or transferred to cardiomyocytes by endothelial cells. Mitochondrial transplantation promotes cardiomyocyte energetics and mechanical contraction, subsequently reducing cellular apoptosis, macrophage infiltration, and the pro-inflammatory response, all of which lead to attenuation of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Thus, this study provides promising evidence that the PEP-TPP-mitochondrial compound effectively promotes intravenous mitochondrial transplantation into the ischemic myocardium and subsequently ameliorates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

5.
Eur J Med Res ; 28(1): 29, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical and angiographic characteristics of high-risk and low-risk spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) patients to determine the optimal treatment strategy. BACKGROUND: SCAD is a rare and emerging cause of acute coronary syndrome and sudden cardiac death, especially in young female patients. However, the indication of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with SCAD remains elusive. METHODS: We evaluated the clinical and angiographic characteristics of all SCAD patients admitted to our center from 2012 to 2020. The outcomes of the high-risk and low-risk SCAD patients according to the location of the lesion segment with dissection or intramural hematoma were compared. Further analyses were performed to evaluate the vessel healing or residual dissection in the patients receiving the follow-up angiography. RESULTS: A total of 81 SCAD patients were enrolled in the present study, in which 38 patients were categorized as high-risk group, defined as involvement of the left main artery or proximal segment of any main coronary artery. PCI was the more common treatment approach in the high-risk group (68.4%), while conservative treatment was more common in the low-risk group (62.8%). The incidence of major adverse cardiac events, defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, severe arrhythmias, or heat failure, within 1 year follow-up was similar between the two groups. 57 patients (70.4%) received the follow-up angiography after 1 year. The high- and low-risk groups had a similar rate of vessel healing among the PCI treatment patients. However, more patients achieved spontaneous healing in the low-risk group than the high-risk group among the conservative treatment patients (86.4% vs. 33.3%, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Conservative management remains the recommended treatment strategy for the low-risk SCAD patients. PCI could be considered in high-risk SCAD patients with favorable clinical outcomes and vessel healing. Characterization of lesion anatomy may be an important indicator for treatment decision.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doenças Vasculares , Humanos , Feminino , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Doenças Vasculares/terapia , Doenças Vasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Clin Med ; 12(1)2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36615187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with self-expandable valves for bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) vs. tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis patients who are at low surgical risk. METHODS: Participants were enrolled from 36 centers in China between January 2017 and December 2021. The primary endpoint event was all-cause mortality and all stroke at 30 days. RESULTS: Among 389 patients at low surgical risk that underwent TAVR, 229 patients were BAV stenosis (mean age, 72.9 years; 65.1% men). There was no significant difference in the rate of all-cause death between two populations at 30 days. However, the rate of all stroke was significantly higher in the BAV group at 30 days (3.3% vs. 0%; odds ratio (OR), 0.97 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.94 to 0.99); p = 0.044). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, trans-carotid access was associated with a higher all stroke rate at 30 days (OR, 29.20 (95% CI, 3.97 to 215.1); p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In this national registry-based study, patients treated for BAV vs. TAV stenosis had no significant difference in all-cause mortality at 30 days, but trans-carotid access was associated with a higher all stroke rate after TAVR at 30 days.

7.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 57(1): 2161620, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36573618

RESUMO

Background. Provisional side branch (SB) stenting strategy is the default approach for the majority of bifurcation lesions, but outcomes of SB is suboptimal. Though drug coated balloon (DCB) improving SB outcomes attracts an increasing attention, sequence of DCB hasn't yet been determined. We presented a novel hybrid strategy of DCB and stent for bifurcation lesions. Methods. With lesion preparation, DCB was persistently inflated in SB kissing with main branch (MB) stent deployment and balloon post-dilation of the bifurcation core. Proximal optimization technique was performed strictly not exceeding the bifurcation. Procedural and clinical adverse events were evaluated. Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) angina classification was assessed at baseline and clinical follow-up. Results. Fourteen patients undergoing the hybrid technique from August 2020 to July 2021 were enrolled. The technique was successfully performed in all patients without rewiring or SB compromise. Minimal lumen diameter of SB increased from 0.60 ± 0.40 mm to 2.1 ± 0.2 mm while the percent stenosis decreased from 72.4 ± 17.9% to 19.6 ± 4.7%. In addition, intravascular ultrasound indicated comparable stent symmetry index and incomplete stent apposition between proximal and distal segments of stent. No further intervention was performed, and mean fractional flow reserve of SB (n = 12) was 0.88 ± 0.05. No major adverse cardiac events was noted in hospital and 12-month follow up. The mean CCS angina score was reduced by 84% (2.2 vs 0.4, p < .001). Conclusion. The hybrid strategy facilitates treatment of DCB and stent for bifurcation lesions, which appears to be feasible and acceptable in a short-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Humanos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Tempo , Canadá , Stents , Angina Pectoris
8.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 101(1): 33-43, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether the drug-coated balloons (DCBs)-alone strategy was superior to plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) in treating SVD remains unknown. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DCBs for the treatment of coronary de novo small vessel disease (SVD) and provide further evidence for extending the clinical indications of DCBs. (ChiCTR1800014966). METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized at a 2:1 ratio to receive DCB treatment or POBA in this prospective, multicenter clinical trial. The reference vessel diameter of lesions was visually assessed to be 2.0 to 2.75 mm. The primary endpoint of the study was angiographic in-segment late luminal loss (LLL) at the 9-month follow-up to demonstrate the superiority of DCB treatment to POBA in SVD. The composite clinical endpoints included clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR), target lesion failure (TLF), major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), and thrombosis at the 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 270 patients were enrolled (181 for DCB, 89 for POBA) at 18 centers in China. The primary endpoint of 9-month in-segment LLL in the intention-to-treat population was 0.10 ± 0.33 mm with DCB and 0.25 ± 0.38 mm with POBA (p = 0.0027). This difference indicated significant superiority of DCB treatment (95% CI: -0.22, -0.04, psuperiority = 0.0068). The rates of the clinical endpoints-CD-TLR, TLF, and MACEs-were comparable between groups. No thrombosis events were reported. CONCLUSIONS: DCB treatment of de novo SVD was superior to POBA with lower 9-month in-segment LLL. The rates of clinical events were comparable between the two devices.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Angioplastia com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Doenças Vasculares , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos
9.
Hypertension ; 80(1): 125-137, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is a life-threatening cardiovascular disorder with high mortality and lacking underlying mechanisms or effective treatments. REGγ, the 11S proteasome activator known to promote the degradation of cellular proteins in a ubiquitin- and ATP-independent manner, emerges as a new regulator in the cardiovascular system. METHODS: Using ß-aminopropionitrile (BAPN)-subjected REGγ knockout AD mice and Ang II (angiotensin II)-treated REGγ deficiency vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to explore the effect of REGγ in AD progression. RESULTS: REGγ was upregulated in mouse aorta of ß-aminopropionitrile-induced AD model in vivo and Ang II-treated VSMCs in vitro. REGγ deficiency ameliorated AD progression in ß-aminopropionitrile-induced mice by protecting against the switch in VSMCs from contractile to synthetic phenotype through suppressing RBM3 (RNA-binding motif protein 3) decay. Mechanically, REGγ interacted with and degraded the RNA-binding protein RBM3 directly, leading to decreased mRNA stability, lowered expression and transcriptional activity of transcription factor SRF (serum response factor), subsequently reduced transcription of VSMCs-specific contractile genes, α-SMA (alpha-smooth muscle actin) and SM22α (smooth muscle 22 alpha), caused the switch in VSMCs from contractile to synthetic phenotype and associated AD progression. Ablation of endogenous SRF or RBM3, or overexpressing exogenous RBM3 in VSMCs significantly blocked or reestablished the REGγ-dependent action on VSMCs phenotypic switch of Ang II stimulation in vitro. Furthermore, exogenously introducing RBM3 improved the switch in VSMCs from contractile to synthetic phenotype and associated AD features caused by REGγ in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that REGγ promoted the switch in VSMCs from contractile to synthetic phenotype and AD progression by inhibiting RBM3-SRF pathway, indicated that modulating REGγ-proteasome activity may be a potential therapeutic approach for AD-associated cardiovascular dysfunction.


Assuntos
Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Animais , Camundongos , Aminopropionitrilo , Motivos de Ligação ao RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
10.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(12): 1020, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470869

RESUMO

Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective anthracycline chemotherapeutic anticancer drug with its life-threatening cardiotoxicity severely limiting its clinical application. Mitochondrial damage-induced cardiomyocyte death is considered an essential cue for DOX cardiotoxicity. FUN14 domain containing 1 (FUNDC1) is a mitochondrial membrane protein participating in the regulation of mitochondrial integrity in multiple diseases although its role in DOX cardiomyopathy remains elusive. Here, we examined whether PANoptosis, a novel type of programmed cell death closely associated with mitochondrial damage, was involved in DOX-induced heart injury, and FUNDC1-mediated regulation of cardiomyocyte PANoptosis, if any. FUNDC1 was downregulated in heart tissues in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and DOX-challenged mice. FUNDC1 deficiency aggravated DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction, mitochondrial injury, and cardiomyocyte PANoptosis. Further examination revealed that FUNDC1 countered cytoplasmic release of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and activation of PANoptosome through interaction with mitochondrial Tu translation elongation factor (TUFM), a key factor in the translational expression and repair of mitochondrial DNA, via its 96-133 amino acid domain. TUFM intervention reversed FUNDC1-elicited protection against DOX-induced mtDNA cytosolic release and cardiomyocyte PANoptosis. Our findings shed light toward a beneficial role of FUNDC1 in DOX cardiotoxicity and cardiomyocyte PANoptosis, thus offering therapeutic promises in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade , Miócitos Cardíacos , Camundongos , Animais , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/metabolismo , Apoptose , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 7519, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473866

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critically involved in neovascularization, an important compensatory mechanism in peripheral artery disease. The contribution of G protein coupled receptor 174 (GPR174), which is a regulator of Treg function and development, in neovascularization remains elusive. Here, we show that genetic deletion of GPR174 in Tregs potentiated blood flow recovery in mice after hindlimb ischemia. GPR174 deficiency upregulates amphiregulin (AREG) expression in Tregs, thereby enhancing endothelial cell functions and reducing pro-inflammatory macrophage polarization and endothelial cell apoptosis. Mechanically, GPR174 regulates AREG expression by inhibiting the nuclear accumulation of early growth response protein 1 (EGR1) via Gαs/cAMP/PKA signal pathway activation. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that GPR174 negatively regulates angiogenesis and vascular remodeling in response to ischemic injury and that GPR174 may be a potential molecular target for therapeutic interventions of ischemic vascular diseases.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP) has emerged as an alternative to biventricular pacing (BVP) for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We aimed to compare the morbidity and mortality associated with LBBAP versus BVP in patients undergoing CRT implantation. METHODS: Consecutive patients who received CRT from two high-volume implantation centers were retrospectively recruited. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death and heart failure hospitalization, and the secondary endpoint was all-cause death. RESULTS: A total of 491 patients receiving CRT (154 via LBBAP and 337 via BVP) were included, with a median follow-up of 31 months. The primary endpoint was reached by 21 (13.6%) patients in the LBBAP group, as compared with 74 (22.0%) patients in the BVP group [hazard ratio (HR) 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.43-1.14, P = 0.15]. There were 10 (6.5%) deaths in the LBBAP group, as compared with 31 (9.2%) in the BVP group (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.44-1.86, P = 0.79). No significant difference was observed in the risk of either the primary or secondary endpoint between LBBAP and BVP after multivariate Cox regression (HR 0.74, 95% CI 0.45-1.23, P = 0.24, and HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.36-1.67, P = 0.51, respectively) or propensity score matching (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.41-1.29, P = 0.28, and HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.29-1.65, P = 0.40, respectively). CONCLUSION: LBBAP was associated with a comparable effect on morbidity and mortality relative to BVP in patients with indications for CRT.

13.
Aging Dis ; 13(6): 1787-1822, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36465178

RESUMO

As an important NAD+-dependent enzyme, SIRT6 has received significant attention since its discovery. In view of observations that SIRT6-deficient animals exhibit genomic instability and metabolic disorders and undergo early death, SIRT6 has long been considered a protein of longevity. Recently, growing evidence has demonstrated that SIRT6 functions as a deacetylase, mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase and long fatty deacylase and participates in a variety of cellular signaling pathways from DNA damage repair in the early stage to disease progression. In this review, we elaborate on the specific substrates and molecular mechanisms of SIRT6 in various physiological and pathological processes in detail, emphasizing its links to aging (genomic damage, telomere integrity, DNA repair), metabolism (glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, insulin secretion and lipid synthesis, lipolysis, thermogenesis), inflammation and cardiovascular diseases (atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy, heart failure, ischemia-reperfusion injury). In addition, the most recent advances regarding SIRT6 modulators (agonists and inhibitors) as potential therapeutic agents for SIRT6-mediated diseases are reviewed.

14.
JACC Asia ; 2(5): 547-556, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36518725

RESUMO

Background: More than 90% of thromboses originate from the left atrial appendage (LAA) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of LAA closure with the Leftear device (Pulse Scientific) in NVAF patients. Methods: A prospective, multicenter, registry-based study was conducted in 200 NVAF patients with CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, previous stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, female sex) scores ≥2. The primary safety endpoint was defined as any serious adverse events. Efficacy was assessed by a primary composite endpoint of hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, and cardiac or unexplained death at 1 year of follow-up. Results: The device was implanted in 196 patients, with 1-stop LAA closure combined with atrial fibrillation ablation implemented in 133 patients. The immediate success rate was 100%. There were serious adverse events in 9 patients (4.5%; 95% CI: 1.6%-7.4%), which mainly occurred in 1-stop LAA closure. All pericardial tamponades occurred in 6 patients with 1-stop LAA closure. No patient experienced a major bleeding event or acute device-related thrombus. During the 12-month follow-up period, the risk of the primary composite endpoint was 1.6% (95% CI: 0.3%-4.5%), and statistical noninferiority was achieved (the upper bound of 95% CI: 4.5% < the prespecified maximum annual incidence of 8.0%). Ischemic stroke occurred in 1 patient, 3 patients had incomplete LAA sealing, and no delayed device-related thrombus was found. Conclusions: LAA closure with the novel disc-like occluder shows high procedural success, satisfactory safety, and encouraging efficacy for stroke prevention in patients with NVAF. Compared with 1-stop LAA closure, single LAA closure may be more tolerable. (A multicenter, single-arm clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of left atrial appendage system for left atrial appendage occlusion in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation; ChiCTR1900023035).

15.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 540, 2022 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of available data on specific prognostic comparisons between transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) using self-expandable valves (SEV) in patients with stenotic Type 0, Type 1 bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between aortic valve morphology and outcomes following self-expandable TAVR. METHODS: Consecutive patients with aortic stenosis(AS) undergoing self-expandable TAVR were enrolled and categorized into three groups (Type 0/Type 1 BAV or TAV) according to the Sievers classification. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality and rehospitalization for heart failure (HF) within 2 years. Secondary outcomes included procedural complications and major cardiovascular events observed in clinical follow-ups. Clinical outcomes at 2 years following TAVR were compared among three groups using Kaplan-Meier curve and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: A total of 344 AS patients (Type 0: 86; Type 1: 109; TAV: 149) were enrolled. The presence of moderate or severe paravalvular leak (PVL) was significantly higher in patients with Type 0 and Type 1 BAV versus TAV (10.47% vs. 16.51% vs. 6.71%, p = 0.043). All-cause 30-day mortality (2.33% vs. 0.92% vs. 2.68%, p = 0.626) and 2-year mortality (3.49% vs. 5.50% vs. 6.71%, p = 0.657) was comparable among the three groups. However, rehospitalization for HF within 2 years was significantly higher in Type 1 BAV (11.63% vs. 20.18% vs. 8.72%, p = 0.020). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that a higher STS score, Type 1 BAV morphology and excess leaflet calcification (≥ median calcium volume (CV) of the entire population) were independent predictors for HF rehospitalization. Additional intragroup Kaplan‒Meier analysis showed that excess leaflet calcification could predict higher long-term mortality and rehospitalization risk for HF(HR (95% CI): 3.430 (1.166-10.090), log rank p = 0.017) in Type 1 BAV patients. CONCLUSION: Outcomes of self-expandable TAVR in BAV-AS patients might vary depending on valve subtypes. BAV patients with excess leaflet calcification and a raphe, especially calcified, had an increased risk of moderate PVL and HF readmission in mid-to-long term follow-ups.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Doença da Válvula Aórtica Bicúspide , Calcinose , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Humanos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doença da Válvula Aórtica Bicúspide/cirurgia , Calcinose/cirurgia
16.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 15(12): e014611, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36503252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. This study evaluated the relationship between Lp(a) and high-risk attributes by coronary computed tomography angiography as well as their prognostic value. METHODS: Lp(a) and coronary computed tomography angiography from 377 consecutive patients at Zhongshan Hospital (Shanghai, China) were evaluated. High-risk attributes were defined as high-risk morphological attributes (low attenuation plaque, positive remodeling, napkin-ring sign, spotty calcification, minimum lumen area <4 mm2, or plaque burden [ratio between cross-sectional plaque area at the site of maximum stenosis and cross-sectional vessel area] ≥70%); inflammatory attribute represented by fat attenuation index; high-risk physiological attributes [lesion-specific ischemia defined by fractional flow reserve by coronary computed tomography angiography ≤0.8, physiologic diffuseness defined by fractional flow reserve by coronary computed tomography angiography pullback pressure gradient]. Total plaque volume in mm3 was also quantified. Quintiles or binary classification of Lp(a) levels were used to evaluate its relationships with plaque features and clinical outcomes with ANOVA, Cox models, and log-rank tests, as appropriate. The major adverse cardiovascular event included cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization. RESULTS: Lp(a) was significantly associated with total plaque volume (P=0.004), fat attenuation index (P=0.031), and fractional flow reserve by coronary computed tomography angiography pullback pressure gradient (P=0.038). Patients with a high Lp(a) level had a higher total plaque volume (393.3 mm3 versus 293.9 mm3, P<0.001), lower pullback pressure gradient (0.62 versus 0.69, P=0.023), higher fat attenuation index (-70.5HU versus -73.9HU, P=0.004), and higher incidence of major adverse cardiovascular event (14.5% versus 6.3%, adjusted hazard ratio: 2.52, 95% CI: 1.12-5.63, P=0.025). In a 4-group classification according to Lp(a) and high-risk attributes, patients with high Lp(a) and ≥3 high-risk attributes had the highest risk of major adverse cardiovascular event (25.9%; overall P<0.001). Causal mediation analysis revealed that around 40% of the prognostic effect of Lp(a) was mediated by high-risk attributes. CONCLUSIONS: Lp(a) level is associated with coronary computed tomography angiography high-risk characteristics, including morphologic, physiologic, and inflammatory attributes as well as major adverse cardiovascular event. This effect is partly mediated by inflammation and vulnerable plaque. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov; Unique identifier: NCT05323227.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Placa Aterosclerótica , Humanos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Lipoproteína(a) , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/complicações , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
17.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 9(12)2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36547412

RESUMO

Transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention (TTVI) is a novel alternative to functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) for patients with prohibitive surgical risk. Devices have been designed according to different pathophysiological mechanisms of FTR, including ones to achieve an edge-to-edge repair and others aiming at direct annuloplasty. Recently, a transcatheter tricuspid valve repair system mimicking a surgical Kay procedure (K-Clip™ system, Huihe Medical Technology, Shanghai, China) completed its salvage-use trial. The system, which clips the posterior annulus to achieve bicuspidization of the TV, demonstrated acceptable procedural safety and efficacy. Each TTVI system has distinct characteristics for echocardiographic imaging and special consideration for intraoperative guidance. This review focuses on elaborating how two-dimensional and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are used in clinical practice to guide K-Clip™ implantation in comparison to other direct annular reduction devices. A limited number of TEE work planes are proposed for the procedure with the aim to provide a steeper learning curve for the echocardiographer and interventionalist while simplifying the implantation steps.

18.
J Clin Med ; 11(24)2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rapid reperfusion of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been challenging during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. Whether and to what degree there will be a residual impact when the COVID-19 pandemic has passed is unclear. METHODS: This nationwide retrospective study was based on electronic records of STEMI patients registered in the Chinese Cardiovascular Association Database. RESULTS: We analyzed 141,375 STEMI patients (including 4871 patients in Hubei province, where 80% of COVID-19 cases in China occurred in 2019-2020) during the pre-outbreak (23 October 2019-22 January 2020), outbreak (23 January 2020-22 April 2020), and post-outbreak (23 April 2020-22 July 2020) periods. In the post-outbreak period in Hubei province, the increased in-hospital mortality dropped to become insignificant (adjusted odds ratio compared to the pre-outbreak level (aOR) 1.40, [95% confidential interval (CI): 0.97-2.03]) and was lower than that in the outbreak period (1.62 [1.09-2.41]). The decreased odds of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (0.73 [0.55-0.96]) and timely reperfusion (0.74 [0.62-0.88]) persisted, although they were substantially improved compared to the outbreak period (aOR of primary PCI: 0.23 [0.18-0.30] and timely reperfusion: 0.43 [0.35-0.53]). The residual impact of COVID-19 on STEMI in the post-outbreak period in non-Hubei provinces was insignificant. CONCLUSIONS: Residual pandemic impacts on STEMI management persisted after the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak in Hubei province, the earliest and hardest hit area in China.

19.
Life Sci ; 311(Pt A): 121159, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368416

RESUMO

Alpha-Lipoic acid (ALA) plays a protective role in a variety of vascular diseases, however, its effect on aortic aneurysm and dissection (AAD) has not been reported. In this study, we found that Alpha-Lipoic Acid treatment significantly improved the AAD and AAA development, which was demonstrated by ameliorated aneurysmal dilation, decreased aortic dissection and aneurysm incidence, improved aortic morphology and inhibited elastin degradation. ALA blunted extra-cellular matrix degradation, vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) loss and phenotype transformation. Moreover, the protective effect of ALA on VSMCs may be related to the amelioration of mitochondrial dysfunction. In conclusion, our study revealed that ALA exerts inhibitory effects against progression of AAD, thus suggesting that ALA may be a novel therapeutic molecule for AAD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico , Ácido Tióctico , Humanos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Ácido Tióctico/farmacologia , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapêutico , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Aneurisma Aórtico/metabolismo
20.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech ; 1866(1): 194898, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403753

RESUMO

Histone epigenetic modifications are chemical modification changes to histone amino acid residues that modulate gene expression without altering the DNA sequence. As both the phenotypic and causal factors, cardiac metabolism disorder exacerbates mitochondrial ATP generation deficiency, thus promoting pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Moreover, several concomitant metabolic substrates also promote the expression of hypertrophy-responsive genes via regulating histone modifications as substrates or enzyme-modifiers, indicating their dual roles as metabolic and epigenetic regulators. This review focuses on the cardiac acetyl-CoA-dependent histone acetylation, NAD+-dependent SIRT-mediated deacetylation, FAD+-dependent LSD-mediated, and α-KG-dependent JMJD-mediated demethylation after briefly addressing the pathological and physiological cardiac energy metabolism. Besides using an "iceberg model" to explain the dual role of metabolic substrates as both metabolic and epigenetic regulators, we also put forward that the therapeutic supplementation of metabolic substrates is promising to blunt HF via re-establishing histone modifications.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...