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1.
Toxicol Lett ; 330: 80-89, 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439583

RESUMO

Zearalenone (ZEA), a metabolite of Fusarium, which is commonly found in moldy feed crops, is a well-known exogenous endocrine disruptor and has serious negative effects on animal reproduction. In order to understand the toxic effects of ZEA exposure on porcine granulosa cells (pGCs), which were exposed to 10 µM and 30 µM ZEA for 48 h in vitro, several methods were used for analysis. Flow cytometry and TUNEL analysis showed that the apoptosis of pGCs significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner after ZEA exposure compared with that of the control group. Whole transcriptome RNA-seq analysis was performed to reveal the mRNAs and miRNAs expression changes of pGCs after ZEA exposure and it was found that the expression of apoptosis-related genes was altered after ZEA exposure, and miRNAs were also significantly different among the experimental groups. In particular, ZEA exposure affected the expression of miRNAs associated with apoptosis-related pathways, such as miR-744, miR-1343 and miR-331-3p, as well as focal adhesion pathways related genes, Pak4 and Elk1, which were also involved in the apoptosis-related pathways. Moreover, the regulation networks between apoptosis-related mRNA and miRNAs were confirmed with the results of RT-qPCR and immunofluorescence. In conclusion, our results here demonstrated that ZEA exposure impaired pGCs growth and apoptosis via miRNAs-mediated focal adhesion pathway.

2.
G3 (Bethesda) ; 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32461202

RESUMO

Egg-laying behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans is a well-known model for investigating fundamental cellular processes. In egg-laying, muscle contraction is the relaxation of the vulval muscle to extrude eggs from the vulva. Unlike skeletal muscle, vulval muscle lacks visible striations of the sarcomere. Therefore, vulval muscle must counteract the mechanical stress, caused by egg extrusion and body movement, from inducing cell-shape distortion by maintaining its cytoskeletal integrity. However, the underlying mechanisms that regulate the cellular integrity in vulval muscles remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that C. elegans egg-laying requires proper vulval muscle 1 (vm1), in which the actin bundle organization of vm1 muscles is regulated by Ras suppressor protein 1 (RSU-1). In the loss of RSU-1, as well as RasLET-60 overactivation, blister-like membrane protrusions and disorganized actin bundles were observed in the vm1 muscles. Moreover, RasLET-60 depletion diminished the defected actin-bundles in rsu-1 mutant. These results reveal the genetic interaction of RSU-1 and RasLET-60 in vivo In addition, our results further demonstrated that the fifth to seventh leucine-rich region of RSU-1 is required to promote actin-bundling protein, a-actinin, for actin bundle stabilization in the vm1 muscles. This expands our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of actin bundle organization in a specialized smooth muscle.

3.
Small ; : e2000436, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406205

RESUMO

The emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria has resulted in plenty of stubborn nosocomial infections and severely threatens human health. Developing novel bactericide and therapeutic strategy is urgently needed. Herein, mesoporous silica supported silver-bismuth nanoparticles (Ag-Bi@SiO2 NPs) are constructed for synergistic antibacterial therapy. In vitro experiments indicate that the hyperthermia originating from Bi NPs can disrupt cell integrity and accelerate the Ag ions release, further exhibiting an excellent antibacterial performance toward methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Besides, under laser irradiation, Ag-Bi@SiO2 NPs at 100 µg mL-1 can effectively obliterate mature MRSA biofilm and cause a 69.5% decrease in the biomass, showing a better therapeutic effect than Bi@SiO2 NPs with laser (26.8%) or Ag-Bi@SiO2 NPs without laser treatment (30.8%) groups. More importantly, in vivo results confirm that ≈95.4% of bacteria in abscess are killed and the abscess ablation is accelerated using the Ag-Bi@SiO2 NPs antibacterial platform. Therefore, Ag-Bi@SiO2 NPs with photothermal-enhanced antibacterial activity are a potential nano-antibacterial agent for the treatment of skin infections.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440109

RESUMO

Purpose: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a worldwide public health challenge due to its high prevalence and related disability and mortality; however, the pathogenesis of COPD remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to identify key proteins involved in the pathogenesis of COPD. Patients and Methods: We collected lung tissue from three patients with COPD who required thoracic surgery for lung transplantation in the China-Japan Friendship Hospital. Lung tissue from three donors who had no history of lung disease was collected as healthy controls through a whole-body donation program of Peking Union Medical College (China). We conducted a proteomic analysis of the protein expression profiles in the two groups using a combination of high-resolution liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and quantitative 6-plex tandem mass tag-labeling; these data were validated by Western blot analysis. Results: A total of 4976 proteins were identified and analyzed, of which 173 were significantly changed (118 downregulated and 55 upregulated). Gene ontology analysis and protein-protein interaction networks demonstrated that the significantly changed proteins, especially downregulated proteins, were involved in platelet and macrophage activation. The mass spectrometry proteomics data have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange Consortium (http://proteomecentral.proteomexchange.org) via the iProX partner repository with the dataset identifier PXD017158. Conclusion: In our study, GP6, PF4, and THBS1, which are associated with platelet activation and wound healing, were significantly downregulated in COPD patients. These results indicate that patients with COPD are more likely to develop hemostasis disorders, which could impede the repair process of the lung tissues. Moreover, downregulation of CD163, MARCO and VSIG4, which are involved in dysfunction of alveolar macrophages in efferocytosis, may inhibit the resolution of inflammation and contribute to the pathogenesis of COPD.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374330

RESUMO

3D boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY)-Fe(iii) coordination polymer nanoparticles can extend absorption to 1300 nm for enhanced ligand-to-metal transfer. The nanoparticles show good cytotoxic hydroxyl radical (˙OH) generation ability, high photothermal conversion, and outstanding NIR-II photoacoustic imaging, displaying synergistic chemodynamic/photothermal therapy.

6.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367190

RESUMO

Meiosis is one of the most finely orchestrated events during gametogenesis with distinct developmental patterns in males and females. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in this process remain not well known. Here, we report detailed transcriptome analyses of cell populations present in the mouse female gonadal ridges (E11.5) and the embryonic ovaries from E12.5 to E14.5 using single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA seq). These periods correspond with the initiation and progression of meiosis throughout the first stage of prophase I. We identified 13 transcriptionally distinct cell populations and 7 transcriptionally distinct germ cell subclusters that correspond to mitotic (3 clusters) and meiotic (4 clusters) germ cells. By analysing cluster-specific gene expression profiles, we found four cell clusters correspond to different cell stages en route to meiosis and characterized their detailed transcriptome dynamics. Our scRNA seq analysis here represents a new important resource for deciphering the molecular pathways driving female meiosis initiation.

7.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 152: 336-347, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234332

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) are the most malignant brain tumors in humans and have a very poor prognosis. Temozolomide (TMZ), the only chemotherapeutic drug for GBM treatment, induced apoptosis but frequently developed resistance. Non-apoptotic cell death offers an alternative strategy to fight cancers. Our previous studies showed that 2-methoxy-6-acetyl-7-methyljuglone (MAM), a natural product, induced necroptosis in lung and colon cancer cells. The current study is designed to investigate its therapeutic potentials for GBM with in vitro and in vivo models. The protein expression of NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) in human GBM specimens were detected by immunohistochemistry. Effect of MAM on NQO1 was measured by recombinant protein and cellular thermal shift assay. The roles of NQO1 activation, superoxide (O2-) generation, calcium (Ca2+) accumulation, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK1/2) activation in MAM-induced cell death in U87 and U251 glioma cells were investigated. The effect of MAM on tumor growth was tested with a U251 tumor xenograft zebrafish model. Results showed that the NQO1 expression is positively correlated with the degree of malignancy in GBM tissues. MAM could directly bind and activate NQO1. Furthermore, MAM treatment induced rapid O2- generation, cytosolic Ca2+ accumulation, and sustained JNK1/2 activation. In addition, MAM significantly suppressed tumor growth in the zebrafish model. In conclusion, MAM induced GBM cell death by triggering an O2-/Ca2+/JNK1/2 dependent programmed necrosis. NQO1 might be the potential target for MAM and mediated its anticancer effect. This non-apoptotic necrosis might have therapeutic potentials for GBM treatment.

8.
Chemosphere ; 253: 126706, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32289606

RESUMO

The sorption behavior of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) on aged polystyrene (PS) microplastics via seawater soaking, ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, seawater soaking and UV irradiation together was investigated. The effects of environmental factors including salinity, pH, and dissolved organic matter (DOM) on sorption of BDE-47 by the aged PS microplastics were analyzed. The equilibrium sorption capacity of BDE-47 by virgin PS, aged PS with seawater soaking, aged PS with UV irradiation and aged PS with seawater soaking and UV irradiation was 6.16, 4.96, 3.53, and 3.75 ng/g, respectively. The decrease in sorption capacity was related to the increase of surface crystallinity and the appearance of surface oxygen-containing functional groups. The kinetic and isotherm models suggested that aging did not change the sorption mechanism of BDE-47 on PS microplastics. pH had negligible impacts on BDE-47 sorption by virgin and aged PS. Sorption capacity of BDE-47 on aged PS in water with high salinity was lower than that on virgin PS, and DOM has less effect on the sorption of BDE-47 on aged PS.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 725: 138139, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32298901

RESUMO

When a dam breaks, huge floods will be generated that may inundate urban areas, enterprises, farmlands, and infrastructure and cause giant economic losses. Economic risk criteria are a kind of basis for determining dam risk levels and to decide whether risk control measures should be taken or not. However, compared to loss-of-life risk criteria, much fewer economic risk criteria for dams have been proposed and implemented for two main reasons: (a) The ability of most areas to endure economic losses caused by dam breach changes over time because of the constant development of their economic levels; and (b) Economic development levels in an area are distinct from the levels in other areas, resulting in significant differences in the ability of different areas to endure economic losses caused by a dam breach. Therefore, an equivalent economic scale (EES) that indicates the relative economic level of an area to the whole country in a given period of time is a preferred measure. It was shown in this paper that EES has much more stable values than do ordinary economic measures; therefore, it was taken as the basic index for establishing economic risk criteria. Furthermore, due to the distinct economic loss rates of different industries, the index of industrial economic contribution (IEC) was introduced to determine the correction coefficient to modify the ESS to reflect the potential economic loss of the area to be evaluated. This is the first research that pays careful attention to the change of ability to endure economic losses, in which the established economic risk criteria are applicable over a relatively long time and for different areas based on the consideration of the relative level of the economy and the industrial economic contribution.

10.
Cells ; 9(4)2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295263

RESUMO

Studies in humans and mice have revealed that hair follicle morphogenesis relies on tightly coordinated ectodermal-mesodermal interactions, involving multiple signals and regulatory factors. DNA methylation and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) play a critical role in early embryonic skin development by controlling gene expression. Acting as an indirect regulator, lncRNA could recruit DNA methyltransferases to specific genomic sites to methylate DNA. However, the molecular regulation mechanisms underlying hair follicle morphogenesis is unclear in cashmere goat. In this study, RNA-seq and whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) in embryonic day 65 (E 65) and E 120 skin tissues of cashmere goat were used to reveal this complex regulatory process. The RNA-seq, qRT-PCR, and immunohistochemistry results showed that Wnt signaling played an important role in both hair follicle induction and differentiation stage; transcriptional factors (TFs), including HOXC13, SOX9, SOX21, JUNB, LHX2, VDR, and GATA3, participated in hair follicle differentiation via specific expression at E 120. Subsequently, the combination of WGBS and RNA-seq analysis showed that the expression of some hair follicle differentiation genes and TF genes were negatively correlated with the DNA methylation level generally. A portion of hair follicle differentiation genes were methylated and repressed in the hair follicle induction stage but were subsequently demethylated and expressed during the hair follicle differentiation stage, suggesting that DNA methylation plays an important role in hair morphogenesis by regulating associated gene expression. Furthermore, 45 upregulated and 147 downregulated lncRNAs in E 120 compared with E 65 were identified by lncRNA mapping, and then the potential differentially expressed lncRNAs associated with DNA methylation on the target gene were revealed. In conclusion, critical signals and genes were revealed during hair follicle morphogenesis in the cashmere goat. In this process, DNA methylation was lower in the hair follicle differentiation compared with the hair follicle induction stage and may play an important role in hair morphogenesis by regulating associated gene expression. Furthermore, potential lncRNAs associated with DNA methylation on target genes were delineated. This study enriches the regulatory network and molecular mechanisms on hair morphogenesis.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(7)2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32235607

RESUMO

casper has been a widely used transparent mutant of zebrafish. It possesses a combined loss of reflective iridophores and light-absorbing melanophores, which gives rise to its almost transparent trunk throughout larval and adult stages. Nevertheless, genomic causal mutations of this transparent phenotype are poorly defined. To identify the potential genetic basis of this fascinating morphological phenotype, we constructed genome maps by performing genome sequencing of 28 zebrafish individuals including wild-type AB strain, roy orbison (roy), and casper mutants. A total of 4.3 million high-quality and high-confidence homozygous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected in the present study. We also identified a 6.0-Mb linkage disequilibrium block specifically in both roy and casper that was composed of 39 functional genes, of which the mpv17 gene was potentially involved in the regulation of iridophore formation and maintenance. This is the first report of high-confidence genomic mutations in the mpv17 gene of roy and casper that potentially leads to defective splicing as one major molecular clue for the iridophore loss. Additionally, comparative transcriptomic analyses of skin tissues from the AB, roy and casper groups revealed detailed transcriptional changes of several core genes that may be involved in melanophore and iridophore degeneration. In summary, our updated genome and transcriptome sequencing of the casper and roy mutants provides novel genetic clues for the iridophore loss. These new genomic variation maps will offer a solid genetic basis for expanding the zebrafish mutant database and in-depth investigation into pigmentation of animals.

13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317756

RESUMO

In patients with sepsis, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria triggers cardiac dysfunction and heart failure, but target therapy for septic cardiomyopathy remains unavailable. In this study we evaluated the beneficial effects of cardamonin (CAR), a flavone existing in Alpinia plant, on endotoxemia-induced cardiac dysfunction and the underlying mechanisms with focus on oxidative stress and apoptosis. Adult mice were exposed to LPS (4 mg/kg, i.p. for 6 h) prior to functional or biochemical assessments. CAR (20 mg/kg, p.o.) was administered to mice immediately prior to LPS challenge. We found that LPS challenge compromised cardiac contractile function, evidenced by compromised fractional shortening, peak shortening, maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening, enlarged LV end systolic diameter and prolonged relengthening in echocardiography, and induced apoptosis, overt oxidative stress (O2- production and reduced antioxidant defense) associated with inflammation, phosphorylation of NF-κB and cytosolic translocation of transcriptional factor Nrf2. These deteriorative effects were greatly attenuated or mitigated by CAR administration. However, H&E and Masson's trichrome staining analysis revealed that neither LPS challenge nor CAR administration significantly affected cardiomyocyte cross-sectional area and interstitial fibrosis. Mouse cardiomyocytes were treated with LPS (4 µg/mL) for 6 h in the absence or presence of CAR (10 µM) in vitro. We found that addition of CAR suppressed LPS-induced defect in cardiomyocyte shortening, which was nullified by the Nrf2 inhibitor ML-385 or the NF-κB activator prostratin. Taken together, our results suggest that CAR administration protects against LPS-induced cardiac contractile abnormality, oxidative stress, apoptosis, and inflammation through Nrf2- and NF-κB-dependent mechanism.

14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 7131590, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32258140

RESUMO

Results: The VMAT plans showed superior to PTV dose conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI), protection of the ipsilateral lung, monitor units (MUs), and maximum dose (Dmax) to the contralateral breast compared with TSP and 9FIMRT plans. The TSP provided better protection for Dmean of the heart and left ventricle (p < 0.05). A dose for left anterior descending artery from the three techniques had no significant difference. Compared with the 9FIMRT plans, the V5Gy (%) and V10Gy (%) for the ipsilateral lung were significantly reduced with TSP and VMAT (p < 0.05). The V5Gy (%) and V10Gy (%) for the ipsilateral lung turned out to be similar between VMAT and TSP techniques. Conclusions: Our study indicates that VMAT should be a better choice of radiotherapy for left-sided breast cancer patients after radical mastectomy. If VMAT is unavailable, 9FIMRT can achieve better CI and HI values and be more MU-efficient compared with TSP; however, TSP can effectively reduce the low dose volume of the ipsilateral lungs and heart.

16.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 507: 110778, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32142861

RESUMO

Ovarian development is a complex process controlled by precise coordination of multiple factors. The targeted gene knockout technique is a powerful tool to study the functions of these factors. The successful application of this technique in mice in the past three decades has significantly enhanced our understanding on the molecular mechanism of ovarian development. Recently, with the advent of genome editing techniques, targeted gene knockout research can be carried out in many species. Zebrafish has emerged as an excellent model system to study the control of ovarian development. Dozens of genes related to ovarian development have been knocked out in zebrafish in recent years. Much new information and perspectives on the molecular mechanism of ovarian development have been obtained from these mutant zebrafish. Some findings have challenged conventional views. Several genes have been identified for the first time in vertebrates to control ovarian development. Focusing on ovarian development, the purpose of this review is to briefly summarize recent findings using these gene knockout zebrafish models, and compare these findings with mammalian models. These established mutants and rapid development of gene knockout techniques have prompted zebrafish as an ideal animal model for studying ovarian development.

17.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 149: 102909, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis was to evaluate the impact of antibiotics use on survival of cancer patients with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). METHODS: Electronic databases including Pubmed, Emabse, and the Cochrane library were searched. The primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: A total of 20 retrospective studies were included. The median OS (7.9 months versus 17.65 months) and PFS (2.4 months versus 4.4 months) of the antibiotics use group were shorter compared to control group. Meta-analysis also showed that the risks of death (HR = 1.90, 95 % CI: 1.55-2.34; P < 0.01) and disease progression (HR=1.53, 95 % CI: 1.30-1.79; P < 0.01) in antibiotics positive group were significantly higher than that of the negative group. The prognostic role of antibiotics use was still significant regardless of cancer types and timing of antibiotics (P < 0.01 for all). CONCLUSION: Use of antibiotics may be associated with worse outcomes in cancer patients treated with ICIs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Theranostics ; 10(7): 3308-3324, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194870

RESUMO

Rationale: Busulfan is currently an indispensable anti-cancer drug, particularly for children, but the side effects on male reproduction are so serious that critical drug management is needed to minimize any negative impact. Meanwhile, alginate oligosaccharides (AOS) are natural products with many consequent advantages, that have attracted a great deal of pharmaceutical attention. In the current investigation, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing on murine testes treated with busulfan and/or AOS to define the mitigating effects of AOS on spermatogenesis at the single cell level. Methods: Testicular cells (in vivo) were examined by single cell RNA sequencing analysis, histopathological analysis, immunofluorescence staining, and Western blotting. Testes samples (ex vivo) underwent RNA sequencing analysis. Blood and testicular metabolomes were determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Results: We found that AOS increased murine sperm concentration and motility, and rescued busulfan disrupted spermatogenesis through improving (i) the proportion of germ cells, (ii) gene expression important for spermatogenesis, and (iii) transcriptional factors in vivo. Furthermore, AOS promoted the ex vivo expression of genes important for spermatogenesis. Finally, our results showed that AOS improved blood and testis metabolomes as well as the gut microbiota to support the recovery of spermatogenesis. Conclusions: AOS could be used to improve fertility in patients undergoing chemotherapy and to combat other factors that induce infertility in humans.

19.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 17(2): 105-111, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous case-control studies have focused on the relationship between ALDH2 gene polymorphism and late-onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD), but no definite unified conclusion has been reached. Therefore, the correlation between ALDH2 Glu504Lys polymorphism and LOAD remains controversial. To analyze the correlation between ALDH2 polymorphism and the risk of LOAD, we implemented this up-to-date meta-analysis to assess the probable association. METHODS: Studies were searched through China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, China Biology Medicine, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Clinical- Trials.gov, Embase, and MEDLINE from January 1, 1994 to December 31, 2018, without any restrictions on language and ethnicity. RESULTS: Five studies of 1057 LOAD patients and 1136 healthy controls met our criteria for the analysis. Statistically, the ALDH2 GA/AA genotype was not linked with raising LOAD risk (odds ratio (OR) = 1.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.96-2.28, p = 0.07). In subgroup analysis, the phenomenon that men with ALDH2*2 had higher risk for LOAD (OR = 1.72, 95%CI = 1.10-2.67, p = 0.02) was observed. CONCLUSION: This study comprehends only five existing case-control studies and the result is negative. The positive trend might appear when the sample size is enlarged. In the future, more large-scale casecontrol or cohort studies should be done to enhance the association between ALDH2 polymorphism and AD or other neurodegenerative diseases.

20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(3): 188-93, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32202709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of medicated thread moxibustion of Zhuang Minority medicine on helper T cell 17 (Th17)/ Interleukin-17F(IL-17F) signaling pathway in ulcerative colitis (UC) rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improvement of UC. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, medication and medicated thread moxibustion (MTM) groups, with 10 rats in each group. The UC model was induced by free drinking of 4% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) for 10 d. After successful modeling, rats of the medication group were treated by gavage of salazosulfapyridine (SASP). Medicated thread moxibustion was applied to unilateral "Tianshu" (ST25) and "Qihai" (CV6) alternatively for rats of the MTM group, once daily for 14 d. The body mass, stool shape, and fecal occult test were recorded and conducted daily to perform disease activity index (DAI) score. H.E. staining was used to display pathological changes of the colon tissue. The Th17 cells and IL-17F and retinoic acid related orphan receptor γ t (ROR-γt) in the colon tissue were detected by flow cytometry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively, and the expression levels of RORγt and IL-17F mRNA in colon tissue were detected by quantitive real-time PCR. RESULTS: After modeling, the DAI score, colonic Th17 percentage, RORγt and IL-17F contents, and RORγt and IL-17F mRNA expression were significantly increased in the model group in contrast to the normal control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Following the intervention, all the aforementioned indexes were reversed in both medication and MTM groups (P<0.01, P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the medication and MTM groups in the levels of the above mentioned indexes (P>0.05, except RORγt and IL-17F mRNA expression). H.E. staining showed disappearance of goblet cells, infiltration of a large number of inflammatory cells, exfoliation of the epithelial tissue and edema of colonic mucosal in rats of the model group, which was relatively milder in both medication and MTM groups. CONCLUSION: Medicated thread moxibustion of Zhuang Minority medicine can reduce the inflammatory damage of colon tissue in UC rats, which is associated with its effects in suppressing the expression of RORγt, production of Th17 cells, and secretion of pro-inflammatory factor IL-17F in colon tissue.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Moxibustão , Animais , Interleucina-17 , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Células Th17
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