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1.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 145: 260-269, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590785

RESUMO

The sorption of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) onto polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), and polyamide (PA) microplastics was analyzed using different kinetic and isotherm models, and under various environmental conditions, including temperature, pH, salinity and dissolved organic matter (DOM). The sorption capacity was in the order of PS > PA > PP > PE, due to the different crystallinity, specific surface area, and surface structure. PS demonstrated the equilibrium sorption capacity, namely, 6.41 ng/g BDE-47, 12.83 ng/g BDE-99, and 14.42 ng/g BDE-153. The second-order kinetic model described the sorption kinetics of PBDEs, and surface sorption was the main mechanism. The sorption of PBDEs by microplastics was a multilayer and physical process. Low temperatures reduced BDE-47 sorption on microplastics, and sorption was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The sorption of BDE-47 was not significantly influenced by pH and salinity. However, DOM exerted a negative effect on the sorption of BDE-47.

2.
Genome ; : 1-13, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491334

RESUMO

Acer pictum subsp. mono is a colored leaf tree with vital ornamental and economic value. However, insufficient color change and early leaf fall in cities restrict its ornamental value. In this research, green and red leaves from wild A. p. subsp. mono were collected to study the regulatory mechanisms of leaf color change. Through the determination of plant physiological indexes, we found that the photosynthetic pigment content in red leaves decreased significantly compared with green leaves, while the anthocyanin content and antioxidant activity increased significantly compared with green leaves during the leaf color change process. Using transcriptome sequencing, we found more than 5500 differentially expressed genes, most of which were up-regulated. Many of the differentially expressed genes are involved in the anthocyanin metabolic pathway. The expression patterns of 15 key genes were investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Among these genes, AmDFR and PAL1 are significant genes involved in the anthocyanin metabolic pathway, and CIPKs2, CIPKs6, CMLs1, CMLs38, AmGST1, AmGST2, GPX3, CBF, AmAPX, AmSOD, POD5, AmGR, and PSBY might be stress response genes that indirectly regulated the anthocyanin accumulation. The results showed that these genes play vital roles in the leaf color change of A. p. subsp. mono. This research will be helpful in further study of the molecular regulatory mechanisms of leaf color change and for the improvement of colored leaf plants.

3.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550004

RESUMO

The flower is essential for sexual reproduction of flowering plants and has been extensively studied in model plants. Here, we used transcriptomic, small RNA and degradome analyses to characterize key miRNAs and their targets in floral organs of moso bamboo. In total, we identified 13,051 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 109 known miRNAs from 26 miRNA families. We aligned the miRNAs to known miRNA databases and revealed some conserved as well as novel miRNAs. Sixteen conserved miRNAs were specific highly expressed in stamens, including miRNA159 and miRNA166. In situ hybridization shows that miRNA159 plays an key role in the regulation of stamen development and expression levels of its targets PheMYB98 and PheMYB42 were low. Furthermore, Phe-MIRNA159, partially recover phenotypes of mir159ab double mutant. Overexpression of Phe-MIR159 could cause anther dehisce failure, the mature pollens could not be dispersed and further reduce fertility in Arabidopsis. Semi-thin section result shows that anther endothelial layer of Phe-MIRNA159 overexpressing lines is lack of secondary thickening, resulting in limited force for anther opening. Phe-miR159 may regulate expression of genes related to secondary thickening through negative regulation of AtMYB33, affecting the anther dehiscence. Together, this study provides insights regarding molecular networks underlying floral organs development of moso bamboo.

4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(10): 6744-6754, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402549

RESUMO

Here, we aim at exploring the effect of CST5 on bone resorption and activation of osteoclasts in osteoporosis (OP) rats through the NF-κB pathway. Microarray analysis was used to screen the OP-related differentially expressed genes. Osteoporosis was induced in rats by intragastric retinoic acid administration. The serum levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and osteocalcin (OC) and the expression of CD61 on the surface of osteoclasts were examined. The number of osteoclasts and the number and area of resorption pits were detected. Besides, the pathological changes and bone mineral density in bone tissues of rats were assessed. Also, the relationship between CST5 and the NF-κB pathway was identified through determining the expression of CST5, RANKL, RANK, OPG, p65 and IKB. Poorly expressed CST5 was indicated to affect the OP. CST5 elevation and inhibition of the NF-κB pathway decreased serum levels of TRAP, BALP and OC and expression of CD61 in vivo and in vitro. In OP rats, CST5 overexpression increased trabecular bones and bone mineral density of bone tissues, but decreased trabecular separation, fat within the bone marrow cavities and the number of osteoclasts through inhibiting the NF-κB pathway. In vivo experiments showed that CST5 elevation inhibited growth in number and area of osteoclastic resorption pits and restrained osteoclastic bone absorption by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway. In summary, overexpression of CST5 suppresses the activation and bone resorption of osteoclasts by inhibiting the activation of the NF-κB pathway.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 74: 105745, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest obesity is associated with improved survival of cancer patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of obesity on survival of these patients with regard to the cutoff value of body mass index (BMI) as well as sex. METHODS: Electronic databases including Pubmed, Emabse, and the Cochrane library were systematically searched until April 2019, without language limitation. Clinical studies evaluating the association between BMI and survival of cancer patients treated with ICIs were included. The main endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Data from individual studies were extracted by two researchers, independently. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 11 software were used to perform the analysis. RESULTS: 16 retrospective studies met the inclusion criteria, with a total of 4090 patients. The OS (HR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.51-1.02; P = 0.06) and PFS (HR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.48-0.95; P = 0.02) of the high BMI group were improved compared with the low BMI group. Dose-response analysis showed that the risk of death decreased by 3.6% when the BMI increased every 1 kg/m2. Subgroup analysis revealed that BMI > 30 was a reliable value for determining significantly better OS (HR = 0.64; 95%CI: 0.43-0.96; P = 0.03). The prognostic effect of BMI on OS was significant regardless of gender (For male, HR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.61-0.86; P < 0.01. For female, HR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.43-0.92; P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity is associated with better outcomes in cancer patients treated with ICIs, and this clinical benefit may be independent of sex.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 138: 433-440, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325503

RESUMO

Lignin peroxidase (LiP) was obtained from Pichia methanolica through heterologous expression. LiP was extracted, purified, and immobilized on Fe3O4@SiO2@polydopamine (PDA) nanoparticles to acquire immobilized LiP. The optimal preparation conditions for immobilized LiP were investigated. Results showed that the immobilization efficiency of immobilized LiP reached 56.37% when the enzyme amount, PDA concentration, and immobilization time were 12 mg, 1.6 mg/mL, and 12 h, respectively. Compared with free LiP, the immobilized LiP showed good thermal stability and storage stability and improved pH tolerance. It also retained more than 30% of its initial activity after 8 cycles, demonstrating its improved reusability. The immobilized LiP demonstrated efficacy of reaction of 100%, 100%, 100%, 100%, 79%, 73%, and 65% for tetracycline, dibutyl phthalate, 5-chlorophenol, phenol, phenanthrene, fluoranthene, and benzo(a)pyrene, respectively, while the inactivated immobilized LiP only adsorbed <25% of phenanthrene and fluoranthene. The dissipation of organic pollutants was a combination of degradation and adsorption, with the former playing a more important role.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 379: 120820, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271936

RESUMO

Paracoccus sp. LXC combined with humic acid (HA) and spent mushroom substrate (SMS) obtained from Auricularia auricular and Sarcomyxa edulis was tested for the remediation of agricultural soil contaminated with aged polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The biomass and diversity of bacteria and fungi and the soil enzyme activity were analyzed. PAH removal and dissipation kinetics were examined. The highest degradation rate of PAHs was 56.5% when soil was amended with Paracoccus sp. LXC combined with HA and unsterilized SMS from A. auricular. The half-life of PAHs decreased from 2323.3 days in natural attenuation to 66.6-277.2 days in amended treatments. Soil treated with Paracoccus sp. LXC combined with HA and SMS from A. auricular acquired high contents of organic matter and nutrients. HA and SMS aided the growth of PAH-degrading bacteria and promoted the diversity of bacteria but not of fungi. The degradation rate of PAHs was mainly correlated positively with soil laccase activity. Low- and middle-molecular-weight PAHs were significantly removed by Paracoccus sp. LXC, HA and SMS. High-molecular-weight PAHs were removed by SMS but not by Paracoccus sp. LXC. Biodegradation by Paracoccus sp. LXC combined with HA and SMS is a promising choice for remediating aged PAH-contaminated agricultural soils.

8.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; 13(5): e1900030, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148369

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Investigations of the molecular mechanisms underlying the metastatic phenotype of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and identification of novel candidate biomarkers to better predict PTC metastasis are urgently required. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Tandem mass tag-based quantitative proteomics approach is used to identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in PTC tumorous tissues with different degrees of lymph node metastases (LNMs). Furthermore, DEPs and their clinical significance are analyzed in another independent Cancer Genome Atlas dataset. RESULTS: The protein profiles among tumorous tissues with different degrees of LNMs are clearly distinguished, while the protein profiles in normal tissues are remarkably similar. DEPs in tumorous tissues are mostly enriched in the categories associated with pathological hallmarks of cancer, including extracellular matrix, metabolism, and cell growth. The expression patterns of six DEPs (LAMC2, LAMB3, ATP5A1, MYO1G, S100A4, and FAS) are confirmed by the Cancer Genome Atlas dataset. Additionally, the elevated expression of LAMC2 and MYO1G mRNA levels in tumorous tissues show a positive relationship with unfavorable variables, including larger tumor size, LNMs, high AJCC staging, BRAFV600E mutation, and poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: LAMC2 and MYO1G are identified as potential candidate biomarkers for the prediction of PTC metastasis and prognosis.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 6883, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053801

RESUMO

Inflammation is considered an important mechanism of cell death or survival after ischemic stroke. As an important marker of inflammation, the role of ß2-microglobulin (ß2M) in acute ischemic stroke is unclear. We investigated the relationship between serum ß2M and the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Patients with AIS (202 cases), intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH, 41 cases), and healthy controls (253 cases) were recruited. Clinical and biochemical characteristics were collected. We used three binary logistic regression models to evaluate the correlation of ß2M with the risk of AIS. Furthermore, we investigated the relationship between serum ß2M and the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) subtypes, and the Essen Stroke Risk Score (ESRS) in patients with AIS. Our results showed that serum ß2M levels in patients with AIS were much higher than those in patients with ICH and in the control subjects. Individuals with higher levels of ß2M had higher odds of AIS. Moreover, serum ß2M levels were significantly and positively correlated with ESRS. In addition, the levels of ß2M were varied with different subgroups of AIS (TOAST classification). Serum ß2M is highly associated with the risk of AIS.

10.
Sci China Life Sci ; 62(8): 1003-1018, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098893

RESUMO

With the rapid development of next-generation sequencing technologies and bioinformatics, over 50 ray-finned fish genomes by far have been sequenced with high quality. The genomic work provides abundant genetic resources for deep understanding of divergence, evolution and adaptation in the fish genomes. They are also instructive for identification of candidate genes for functional verification, molecular breeding, and development of novel marine drugs. As an example of other omics data, the Fish-T1K project generated a big database of fish transcriptomes to integrate with these published fish genomes for potential applications. In this review, we highlight the above-mentioned recent investigations and core topics on the ray-finned fish genome research, with a main goal to obtain a deeper understanding of fish biology for theoretical and practical applications.

11.
Head Neck ; 41(7): 2441-2449, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30938923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to identify the clinicopathological factors that could predict the risk of occult lateral neck lymph node metastasis (OLLNM) in N0/N1a papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, OvidSP, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was performed using relevant keywords. Specific odds ratios and confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: The final analysis included 15 studies with a total of 5342 patients. OLLNM was found to be significantly associated with some clinicopathological features, including age <45 years, male sex, extrathyroidal extension, tumor location in the upper pole, tumor size >10 mm, positive central lymph node metastasis, number of central lymph node metastasis ≥3, and vascular invasion. CONCLUSIONS: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology or FNA-Tg test might be an appropriate and reasonable intervention in the patients with N0/N1a PTC with an increased risk of OLLNM.

12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 115: 108886, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029887

RESUMO

Vaccines administered orally enable the stimulation of both the mucous membrane and system immune responses. However, tumor vaccines, whose effective elements are antigen protein molecules or gene-encoding antigens, are hardly accustomed to the harsh gastrointestinal environment. Here, we explored an oral nanoecapsulated tumor vaccine complex to evaluate the anti-tumor effect. Tomato lectin (TL) was modified on the surface of a nanoemulsion (NE) composed of MAGE1-HSP70/SEA (MHS). C57BL/6 mice were immunized with NE (-), NE (MHS) and TL-NE (MHS) via po. or sc. administration. Additionally, the cellular immunocompetence was detected by the enzyme-linked immunospot assay and lactate dehydrogenase release assay. Serum antibody titers were analyzed using the enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay. Next, the therapeutic and tumor challenge assays were performed. The TL-NE (MHS) particles were 20 ± 5 nm in diameter and could resist pepsin and trypsin digestion. The cellular immune responses elicited by TL-NE (MHS) perioral were stronger than those by TL-NE (MHS)-sc. (p < 0.05) when targeted to B16-MAGE1 tumor cells. The levels of MAGE-1 antibody induced by TL-NE (MHS) via the oral route was higher than control group (p < 0.05). The percentage of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in TL-NE (MHS)-po. group was more than other groups (p < 0.05). Furthermore, oral TL-NE (M)HScould delay tumor growth and defer tumor occurrence and tumor recurrence after resection in mice challenged with B16-MAGE-1 tumor cells. The study suggested that the oral TL-NE (MHS) vaccine delivery system is feasible to improve the vaccine protection effect and may have broad application in cancer therapy.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 3691, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30842649

RESUMO

Genome-wide identification of Insertion/Deletion polymorphisms (InDels) in Capsicum spp. was performed through comparing whole-genome re-sequencing data from two Capsicum accessions, C. annuum cv. G29 and C. frutescens cv. PBC688, with the reference genome sequence of C. annuum cv. CM334. In total, we identified 1,664,770 InDels between CM334 and PBC688, 533,523 between CM334 and G29, and 1,651,856 between PBC688 and G29. From these InDels, 1605 markers of 3-49 bp in length difference between PBC688 and G29 were selected for experimental validation: 1262 (78.6%) showed polymorphisms, 90 (5.6%) failed to amplify, and 298 (18.6%) were monomorphic. For further validation of these InDels, 288 markers were screened across five accessions representing five domesticated species. Of these assayed markers, 194 (67.4%) were polymorphic, 87 (30.2%) monomorphic and 7 (2.4%) failed. We developed three interspecific InDels, which associated with three genes and showed specific amplification in five domesticated species and clearly differentiated the interspecific hybrids. Thus, our novel PCR-based InDel markers provide high application value in germplasm classification, genetic research and marker-assisted breeding in Capsicum species.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(10): 18214-18229, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30859584

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that primordial germ cell-like cells (PGCLCs) can be obtained from human, porcine and mouse skin-derived stem cells (SDSCs). In this paper, we found retinoic acid (RA), the active derivative of vitamin A, accelerated the growth of porcine primordial germ cells (pPGCs) and porcine PGCLCs (pPGCLCs) which were derived from porcine SDSCs (pSDSCs). Moreover, flow cytometry results revealed that the proliferation promoting effect of RA was attenuated by U0126, a specific inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Western blot analysis showed the protein level of ERK, phosphorylated ERK, cyclin D1 (CCND1), and cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) increased after stimulation with RA, and this effect could also be abolished by U0126. Our data revealed that ablation of ERK expression by U0126 should significantly decrease proliferation of pPGCLCS. This reduction was because CCND1 and CDK2 proteins level decrease and subsequently the pPGCLCs were arrested in the G0/G1 phase. In addition, we also confirmed RA indeed promoted the proliferation of pPGCs isolated from porcine fetal genital ridges in vitro. Furthermore, our data indicated that DNA methylation pattern were changed in pPGCLCs and this pattern were more similar to pPGCs.

15.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 76(9): 1729-1746, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810760

RESUMO

The reproductive life span in women starts at puberty and ends at menopause, following the exhaustion of the follicle stockpile termed the ovarian reserve. Increasing data from experimental animal models and epidemiological studies indicate that exposure to a number of ubiquitously distributed reproductively toxic environmental chemicals (RTECs) can contribute to earlier menopause and even premature ovarian failure. However, the causative relationship between environmental chemical exposure and earlier menopause in women remains poorly understood. The present work, is an attempt to review the current evidence regarding the effects of RTECs on the main ovarian activities in mammals, focusing on how such compounds can affect the ovarian reserve at any stages of ovarian development. We found that in rodents, strong evidence exists that in utero, neonatal, prepubescent and even adult exposure to RTECs leads to impaired functioning of the ovary and a shortening of the reproductive lifespan. Regarding human, data from cross-sectional surveys suggest that human exposure to certain environmental chemicals can compromise a woman's reproductive health and in some cases, correlate with earlier menopause. In conclusion, evidences exist that exposure to RTECs can compromise a woman's reproductive health. However, human exposures may date back to the developmental stage, while the adverse effects are usually diagnosed decades later, thus making it difficult to determine the association between RTECs exposure and human reproductive health. Therefore, epidemiological surveys and more experimental investigation on humans, or alternatively primates, are needed to determine the direct and indirect effects caused by RTECs exposure on the ovary function, and to characterize their action mechanisms.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Menopausa Precoce/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Reserva Ovariana/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Oogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Reserva Ovariana/fisiologia , Reprodução , Maturidade Sexual
16.
J Neurol Sci ; 399: 125-139, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798110

RESUMO

As an inhibitor of the immune system and a longevity drug, rapamycin has been suggested as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease, although the underlying mechanisms remain to be clarified. To elucidate the mechanisms, we performed a high-throughput quantitative proteomics analysis and bioinformatics analysis of the changes in the proteome profiles of hippocampus and temporal lobe of wild-type mice, APP/PS1 mice and rapamycin-treated APP/PS1 mice (ProteomeXchange: PXD009540). Morris Water Maze tests were used to evaluate the effectiveness of rapamycin in APP/PS1 treatment and Western blot analysis was used to verify the proteomics data. The results of Morris Water Maze tests indicated that rapamycin improved the spatial learning and memory abilities of APP/PS1 mice. Proteome analysis identified 100 significantly changed (SC) proteins in hippocampus and 260 in temporal lobe in APP/PS1 mice. Among these, 57 proteins in hippocampus and 167 proteins in temporal lobe were rescued by rapamycin. STRING analysis indicated relatively more complicated protein interactions of AD-related rapamycin rescued proteins in temporal lobe. Pathway analysis showed that SC proteins in APP/PS1 mice were mainly enriched in cholesterol biosynthesis pathway and cytoplasmic ribosomal proteins. After rapamycin treatment, the expression of most proteins in these signaling pathways were reversed. Overall, our findings demonstrate that rapamycin may be an potential strategy which can effectively delays the progression of AD.

17.
Phytomedicine ; 52: 40-50, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hovenia dulcis Thunb. is considered as a traditional herbal medicine that has been used in the treatment for ethanol-induced liver disease for centuries. Recently, substantial studies demonstrated that Semen hoveniae extract (SHE) not only suppressed the hepatic steatosis caused by chronic ethanol exposure, but also inhibited lipopolysaccharide-stimulated inflammatory responses. Nevertheless, the underlying molecular mechanisms largely remained elusive. AIM: To determine the hepatoprotective effects of SHE on ethanol-triggered liver damage and further elucidate its potential mechanisms. METHODS: In the present study, the Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with the Lieber-DeCarli diet containing alcohol or isocaloric maltose dextrin as control diet with or without SHE (300 and 600 mg/kg/d bw) for 8 weeks. The levels of serum biomarkers (ALT, AST and LDH) and LPS were detected by biochemical assay kits and endotoxin detection LAL kit, respectively. The histopathological changes of liver and intestinal tissues were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and Transmission electron microscope (TEM). The expressions of CD14, TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB, Iκ-B, P-Iκ-B and TNF-α in liver, and ZO-1 and occludin in intestine were determined by western blot. The faecal microbial composition was determined by16S rRNA Gene Sequencing Analysis. RESULTS: Biochemical and histopathological analysis revealed that SHE significantly alleviated the lipid deposition and inflammation response in liver induced by ethanol. SHE remarkably inhibited the TLR4 pathway and its downstream inflammatory mediators, and up-regulated the expressions of ZO-1 and occludin in the intestine. The further investigations suggested SHE dramatically reversed ethanol-induced alterations in the intestinal microbial flora and decreased the generation of gut-derived endotoxin. CONCLUSION: In summary, SHE probably modulated abnormalities of gut-liver axis and inhibited TLR4-associated inflammatory mediators activation to exert its hepatoprotective properties. These findings suggested that SHE as a traditional therapeutic options which may play an essential role in protecting against the chronic ethanol-triggered liver injury.


Assuntos
Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rhamnaceae/química , Animais , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ocludina/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sementes/química , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteína da Zônula de Oclusão-1/metabolismo
18.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(8): 14339-14350, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30633354

RESUMO

From the previous research, it has been supported that activin A (ActA) is conducive to ovarian development in vitro. In the present paper, with the aim to identify the molecular pathways through which ActA can influence processes of the fetal and early postnatal oogenesis, we analyzed the transcriptome of embryonic ovaries (12.5 days postcoitum) in vitro cultured with or without ActA for 6 days, as well as the produced oocytes for 28 days, and further compared the gene expression profile with their in vivo counterparts. With the confirmation of designed test, we found that the addition of ActA to the ovary culture tended, generally, to align oocyte gene expression to the in vivo condition, in particular of a number of genes involved in meiosis and epigenetic modifications of histones. In particular, we identified DNA recombination during the oocyte meiotic prophase I and lysine trimethylation of the histone H3K27 during the oocyte growth phase as molecular pathways modulated by ActA.

19.
Endocrinology ; 160(3): 568-586, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668682

RESUMO

As a master hormone controlling growth and metabolism, GH is also known to regulate reproduction. Studies in mammals have shown that mutations in GH or its receptor (GHR) not only result in retardation in body growth but also reproductive dysfunctions in both sexes. However, the roles of GH in reproduction of other vertebrates are poorly defined. In this study, we created two zebrafish GH (gh1) mutant lines using CRISPR/Cas9. The mutant developed normally up to 14 days postfertilization (dpf); however, a high rate of mortality was observed afterward in both lines, and only a small number of mutant fish could survive to adult stage. The body growth of the mutants was significantly retarded in both sexes in a gene dose-dependent manner compared with their wild-type siblings. A severe dysfunction of gonadal development was observed in survived mutant females, with ovarian folliculogenesis being arrested completely at primary growth stage until 100 dpf. Interestingly, the folliculogenesis in the mutant resumed after months of delay with a certain number of follicles entering vitellogenic growth. As for male reproduction, although the spermatogenesis in mutant males seemed normal in adults, the GH-insufficient heterozygote showed an obvious delay of spermatogenesis (puberty onset) at early developmental stages. The adult mutant males could not breed with wild-type females through natural spawning; however, the sperm isolated from the mutant testes could fertilize eggs through artificial fertilization. This study provides further genetic evidence for the dependence of puberty onset on somatic growth, but not age, in fish.

20.
Exp Neurol ; 311: 80-87, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30253135

RESUMO

Oxaliplatin is a commonly used chemotherapy drug, which can produce acute and chronic peripheral neurotoxicity. Currently, there is no good therapeutic drug in clinic. Excessive stimulation of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) is crucial for the transmission of pain signals. However, directly inhibiting NMDARs can cause severe side effects because they have key physiological functions in the Central nervous system (CNS). Several years ago, we prepared a polypeptide Tat-HA-NR2B9c which can disturb NMDARs-postsynaptic density protein-95 (PSD-95) interaction. In this study, we studied whether Tat-HA-NR2B9c could be an effective treatment for oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain. To conform it, a rat model of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic was established, and analgesic effect of Tat-HA-NR2B9c was studied. Here, we show that oxaliplatin induces the interaction of NMDARs with PSD-95. Uncoupling the complex by Tat-HA-NR2B9c has potent analgesic effect in oxaliplatin-induced cold hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia without suppressing general behavioral. Tat-HA-NR2B9c neither inhibits NMDARs function nor impacts antitumor activity of oxaliplatin. Thus, this new drug may serve as a treatment for oxaliplatin-induced neuropathic pain, perhaps without major side effects.


Assuntos
Neuralgia/induzido quimicamente , Neuralgia/prevenção & controle , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina/toxicidade , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Potenciais Pós-Sinápticos Excitadores/efeitos dos fármacos , Potenciais Pós-Sinápticos Excitadores/fisiologia , Injeções Espinhais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cultura de Órgãos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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