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1.
JAMIA Open ; 4(3): ooab075, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485849

RESUMO

Our objective was to mine Reddit to discover long-COVID symptoms self-reported by users, compare symptom distributions across studies, and create a symptom lexicon. We retrieved posts from the /r/covidlonghaulers subreddit and extracted symptoms via approximate matching using an expanded meta-lexicon. We mapped the extracted symptoms to standard concept IDs, compared their distributions with those reported in recent literature and analyzed their distributions over time. From 42 995 posts by 4249 users, we identified 1744 users who expressed at least 1 symptom. The most frequently reported long-COVID symptoms were mental health-related symptoms (55.2%), fatigue (51.2%), general ache/pain (48.4%), brain fog/confusion (32.8%), and dyspnea (28.9%) among users reporting at least 1 symptom. Comparison with recent literature revealed a large variance in reported symptoms across studies. Temporal analysis showed several persistent symptoms up to 15 months after infection. The spectrum of symptoms identified from Reddit may provide early insights about long-COVID.

2.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(17)2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500940

RESUMO

The main trough of a blast furnace (BF) is a main passage for hot metal and molten slag transportation from the taphole to the torpedo and the slag handling. Its appropriate working status and controlled erosion ensure a safe, stable, high-efficiency and low-cost continuous production of hot metal. In this work, the tapping process of a main trough of a BF in the east of China was numerically studied with the help of a CFD library written in C++, called OpenFOAM, based on the use of the Finite Volume Method (FVM). The results show that turbulence intensity downstream of the hot metal impact position becomes weaker and the turbulence area becomes larger in the main trough. During the tapping, thermal stress of wall refractory reaches the maximum value of 1.7 × 107 Pa at the 4 m position in the main trough. Furthermore, baffles in the main trough placed between 5.8 m and 6.2 m were found to control and reduce the impact of the turbulence on the refractory life. The metal flowrate upstream of the baffles can be decreased by 6%, and the flow velocity on the upper sidewall and bottom wall decrease by 9% and 7%, respectively, compared with the base model. By using baffles, the minimum fatigue life of the refractory in the main trough increases by 15 tappings compared with the base model, so the period between the maintenance stops can be prolonged by about 2 days.

3.
JACS Au ; 1(8): 1257-1265, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467363

RESUMO

The first direct and selective synthesis of substituted itaconimdes by palladium-catalyzed aminocarbonylation of alkynols is reported. Key to the success of this transformation is the use of a novel catalyst system involving ligand L11 and appropriate reaction conditions. In the protocol here presented, easily available propargylic alcohols react with N-nucleophiles including aryl- and alkylamines as well as aryl hydrazines to provide a broad variety of interesting heterocycles with high catalyst activity and excellent selectivity. The synthetic utility of the protocol is demonstrated in the synthesis of natural product 11 with aminocarbonylation as the key step. Mechanistic studies and control experiments reveal the crucial role of the hydroxyl group in the substrate for the control of selectivity.

4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(17): 11579-11589, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396780

RESUMO

Inorganic nitrogen (IN) and organic nitrogen (ON) molecules constitute a significant part of atmospheric aerosol. Unlike IN, the total ON quantity remains largely unquantified due to a lack of a simple and direct measurement method. This analytical deficiency hinders the quantitative assessment of the various environmental and health effect impacts by aerosol ON. In this work, we developed an analyzer system that utilizes programmed thermal evolution of carbonaceous and nitrogenous aerosols and chemiluminescence detection coupled with the multivariate curve resolution data treatment to achieve simultaneous quantification of IN and ON. The system is capable of detecting IN and ON as low as 96 ng N per sample on a small filter aliquot (1 cm2) without any pretreatment. This method breakthrough opens the door to quantifying an important pool of aerosol N that was analytically inaccessible in the past and holds the promise to quantifying IN and ON in other environmental samples. As a demonstration, quantification of aerosol ON at an urban site in Hong Kong, China, in samples spanning over a year reveals ON constituting a significant fraction (9-52%) of the total aerosol nitrogen and having major source origins in both secondary formation and primary emissions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Luminescência , Nitrogênio , Material Particulado/análise
5.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(41): 22393-22400, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382728

RESUMO

A direct and selective synthesis of α,ß-unsaturated piperidones by a new palladium-catalyzed cascade carbonylation is described. In the presented protocol, easily available propargylic alcohols react with aliphatic amines to provide a broad variety of interesting heterocycles. Key to the success of this transformation is a remarkable catalytic cleavage of the present carbon-carbon triple bond by using a specific catalyst with 2-diphenylphosphinopyridine as ligand and appropriate reaction conditions. Mechanistic studies and control experiments revealed branched unsaturated acid 11 as crucial intermediate.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3705-3711, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402295

RESUMO

To observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) B lymphocytes,inflammatory mediators,FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,in order to explore the mechanism of Xinfeng Capsules in improving clinical symptoms of RA.Joint and systemic symptoms of RA patients were observed,and laboratory indicators[hemoglobin (HGB),platelet count (PLT),erythrocyte sedimentation (ESR),immunoglobulin (Ig) G,Ig A,Ig M,rheumatoid factor (RF),anti-cyclic citrulline antibody (CCP-AB),C-reactive protein (CRP)]were detected.ELISA was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-1ß,IL-10,IL-33,chemokine 5 (CCL5),and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).CD3~-CD19~+B cells were measured by flow cytometry.Western blot was used to detect FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K protein.The results showed that Xinfeng Capsules could significantly alleviate RA joint and systemic symptoms and improve clinical efficacy.And Xinfeng Capsules could increase HGB,decrease PLT,CCP-AB,CRP,ESR index,upregulate IL-10 expression,and down-regulate IL-1ß,IL-33,CCL5,VEGF,CD3~-CD19~+B cells,FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K expressions (P<0.01).Based on the above results,Xinfeng Capsules may reduce the expression of CD3~-CD19~+,regulate the balance of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines,inhibit abnormal activation of FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,and improve clinical symptoms of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos B , Cápsulas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 7020637, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195281

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and aggressive tumors in the world while the accuracy of the present tests for detecting HCC is poor. A novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for HCC is urgently needed. Overwhelming evidence has demonstrated the regulatory roles of small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) in carcinogenesis. This study is aimed at analyzing the expression of a snoRNA, SNORA52, in HCC and exploring the correlation between its expression and various clinical characteristics of HCC patients. By using quantitative real-time PCR, we found that SNORA52 was downregulated in HCC cell lines (P < 0.05) and HCC tissues (P < 0.001). Correlation analysis showed that the expression of SNORA52 was obviously associated with tumor size (P = 0.011), lesion number (P = 0.007), capsular invasion (P = 0.011), tumor differentiation degree (P = 0.046), and TNM stage (P = 0.004). The disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) analysis showed that patients with lower SNORA52 expression had a worse prognosis (P < 0.001). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that SNORA52 expression was a completely independent prognostic factor to predict DFS (P = 0.009) and OS (P = 0.012) of HCC patients. Overall, our findings showed SNORA52 expression levels were downregulated in HCC tissues and correlated with multiple clinical variables, and SNORA52 was an independent prognostic factor for HCC patients, which suggested that SNORA52 could function as a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for HCC patients.

8.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 10(1): 100, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an international public health threat, and people's participation in disease-related preventive behaviours is the key to controlling infectious diseases. This study aimed to assess the differences in adopting preventive behaviours among populations to explore potential individual and household factors and inequalities within families. METHODS: This online survey was conducted in April 2020. The directional stratified convenient sampling method was used to select 4704 participants from eight provinces in eastern, central, and western China. The questionnaire included demographic information, household variables, and five target prevention behaviours. The chi-squared test, binary multilevel model, and Mantel-Haenszel hierarchical analysis were used for data analysis in the study. RESULTS: Approximately 71.2% of the participants had appropriate outdoor prevention, and 32.9% of the participants had indoor protection in place. Sharing behaviours (P < 0.001) and education level (P < 0.001) were positively associated with adopting preventive measures. The inhibiting effect of household crowding and stimulating effect of high household income on preventive behaviours were determined in this study. Household size was negatively associated with living area (ß = -0.057, P < 0.05) and living style (ß = -0.077, P < 0.05). Household income was positively associated with age (ß = 0.023, P < 0.05), and relationship with friends (ß = 0.053, P < 0.05). Vulnerable groups, such as older adults or women, are more likely to have inadequate preventive behaviours. Older adults (OR = 1.53, 95% CI 1.09-2.15), women (OR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.15-1.64), and those with more than 2 suspected symptoms (OR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.07-3.19) were more likely to be affected by the inhibiting effect of household crowding, while the stimulating effect of high household income was limited in these groups. CONCLUSIONS: Inequalities in COVID-19 prevention behaviours exist between families and inadequate adoption of prevention by vulnerable groups are noteworthy. This study expands the research perspective by emphasizing the role of household factors in preventive behaviours and by focusing on family inequalities. The government should use traditional media as a platform to enhance residents' public health knowledge. Targeted additional wage subsidies, investments in affordable housing, financial support for multigenerational households, and temporary relocation policies may deserve more attention. Communities could play a critical role in COVID-19 prevention.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Aglomeração , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Saúde Pública , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3257, 2021 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059673

RESUMO

The selective synthesis of fluorinated organic molecules continues to be of major importance for the development of bioactive compounds (agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals) as well as unique materials. Among the established synthetic toolbox for incorporation of fluorine-containing units, efficient and general reagents for introducing -CF2- groups have been largely neglected. Here, we present the synthesis of 3,3-difluoropropen-1-yl ammonium salts (DFPAs) as stable, and scalable gem-difluoromethylation reagents, which allow for the direct reaction with a wide range of fascinating nucleophiles. DFPAs smoothly react with N-, O-, S-, Se-, and C-nucleophiles under mild conditions without necessity of metal catalysts with exclusive regioselectivity. In this way, the presented reagents also permit the straightforward preparation of many analogues of existing pharmaceuticals.

10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(13): 1602-1609, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is considered an important risk factor for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The commonly anti-hypertensive drugs are the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), and beta-blockers. The association between commonly used anti-hypertensive medications and the clinical outcome of COVID-19 patients with hypertension has not been well studied. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study that included all patients admitted with COVID-19 to Huo Shen Shan Hospital and Guanggu District of the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Wuhan, China. Clinical and laboratory characteristics were extracted from electronic medical records. Hypertension and anti-hypertensive treatment were confirmed by medical history and clinical records. The primary clinical endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary endpoints included the rates of patients in common wards transferred to the intensive care unit and hospital stay duration. Logistic regression was used to explore the risk factors associated with mortality and prognosis. Propensity score matching was used to balance the confounders between different anti-hypertensive treatments. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to compare the cumulative recovery rate. Log-rank tests were performed to test for differences in Kaplan-Meier curves between different groups. RESULTS: Among 4569 hospitalized patients with COVID-19, 31.7% (1449/4569) had a history of hypertension. There were significant differences in mortality rates between hypertensive patients with CCBs (7/359) and those without (21/359) (1.95% vs. 5.85%, risk ratio [RR]: 0.32, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.13-0.76, χ2 = 7.61, P = 0.0058). After matching for confounders, the mortality rates were similar between the RAAS inhibitor (4/236) and non-RAAS inhibitor (9/236) cohorts (1.69% vs. 3.81%, RR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.13-1.43, χ2 = 1.98, P = 0.1596). Hypertensive patients with beta-blockers (13/340) showed no statistical difference in mortality compared with those without (11/340) (3.82% vs. 3.24%, RR: 1.19, 95% CI: 0.53-2.69, χ2 = 0.17, P = 0.6777). CONCLUSIONS: In our study, we did not find any positive or negative effects of RAAS inhibitors or beta-blockers in COVID-19 patients with hypertension, while CCBs could improve prognosis.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Hipertensão , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Criança , China , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
11.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(11): 2697-2708, 2021 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683274

RESUMO

Hospital-acquired infections and thrombosis caused by bacteria attached to the device surface, or fibrin crosslinking owing to platelet accumulation/activation, are major healthcare challenges that cause morbidity and mortality. To prevent these, surface coating technologies are considered an efficient tool that can combine hemocompatibility and bactericidal activity. In this study, surface-initiated polymerization was conducted to form an all-in-one hydrogel coating that could adapt to diverse medical devices. Different monomer ratios (acrylamide/acrylic acid) were used to adjust the antimicrobial agent loading capacity. The hydrogel coating obtained by a simple dip-absorbing method showed good hemocompatibility and maintained efficient bactericidal activity. We also explored the loading and release of antimicrobial agents with different molecular sizes, including nano-Ag particles, antibiotics, and antimicrobial peptides. The inhibition zone test and confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed that the hydrogel coating could maintain remarkable antimicrobial and antifouling properties for four weeks. Furthermore, the hydrogel coating decreased the platelet adhesion/activation without risk of hemolysis. The ex vivo blood circulation study confirmed the antithrombotic properties of the hydrogel coating. Such all-in-one hydrogel coatings that maintain high cell viability and exhibit both hemocompatibility and bactericidal activity possess the potential for applications in blood-contacting devices.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hidrogéis/síntese química , Hidrogéis/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Coelhos
12.
J Biomater Appl ; 35(9): 1218-1232, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478311

RESUMO

Over one million artificial heart valve transplantations are performed each year due to valvular stenosis or regurgitation. Among them, bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs) are increasingly being used because of the absence of the need for lifelong anticoagulation. Almost all of the commercial BHVs are treated with Glutaraldehyde (GLUT). As GLUT-treated BHVs are prone to calcification and structural degradation, their durability is greatly reduced with a service life of only 12-15 years. The physiological structure and mechanical properties of the porcine aortic valve (PAV) are closer to that of a human heart valve, so in this study, PAV is used as the model to explore the comprehensive properties of the prepared BHVs by radical polymerization crosslinking method. We found that PAV treated by radical polymerization crosslinking method showed similar ECM stability and biaxial mechanical properties with GLUT-treated PAV. However, radical polymerization crosslinked PAV exhibited better cytocompatibility and endothelialization potential in vitro cell experiment as better anticalcification potential and reduced immune response than GLUT-treated PAV through subcutaneous animal experiments in rats. To conclude, a novel crosslinking method of non-glutaraldehyde fixation of xenogeneic tissues for the preparation of BHVs is expected.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(17): 9527-9533, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448531

RESUMO

The dicarbonylation of 1,3-butadiene to adipic acid derivatives offers the potential for a more cost-efficient and environmentally benign industrial process. However, the complex reaction network of regioisomeric carbonylation and isomerization pathways, make a selective and direct transformation particularly difficult. Here, we report surprising solvent effects on this palladium-catalysed process in the presence of 1,2-bis-di-tert-butylphosphin-oxylene (dtbpx) ligands, which allow adipate diester formation from 1,3-butadiene, carbon monoxide, and methanol with 97 % selectivity and 100 % atom-economy under scalable conditions. Under optimal conditions a variety of di- and triesters from 1,2- and 1,3-dienes can be obtained in good to excellent yields.

14.
Neuroscience ; 455: 52-64, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197504

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by progressive memory loss and cognitive dysfunction. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to be among the most promising biomarkers and therapeutic targets of AD. Here, we aimed to investigate whether lncRNA BACE1-AS plays a role in the potential mechanisms of AD. The expression of BACE1-AS, miR-214-3p and ATG5 mRNA was detected using qRT-PCR. The expression of the LC3, P62, ATG5, Bcl-2, p-Tau and cleaved-caspase 3 proteins was examined using western blot analysis. Cell apoptosis, cytotoxicity and ROS levels were estimated using flow cytometry, an LDH kit and a DCFH-DA assay, respectively. The interaction between BACE1-AS or ATG5 and miR-214-3p was validated using a dual-luciferase reporter assay. HE staining and a TUNEL assay were employed to evaluate hippocampal neuronal injury. The BACE1-AS level was found to be upregulated in serum samples of AD patients, brain tissues of AD transgenic (Tg) mice and Aß1-42-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Autophagy activity was increased in both Tg mice and Aß1-42-treated cells. BACE1-AS knockdown alleviated Aß1-42-induced cell injury. Rapamycin abolished the protective effects of sh BACE1-AS against Aß1-42 induced cell injury. BACE1-AS indirectly regulated ATG5 expression by binding miR-214-3p. The miR-214-3p inhibitor reversed the protective effects of sh BACE1-AS and sh ATG5 against Aß1-42-induced cell injury. Knockdown of BACE1-AS alleviated neuronal injury by repressing autophagy in vivo. Our findings demonstrate that silencing of BACE1-AS alleviated neuronal injury by regulating autophagy through the miR-214-3p/ATG5 signalling axis in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases , MicroRNAs , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Animais , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/genética , Autofagia , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética
15.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 564385, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281839

RESUMO

Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) is a fruit tree with high salt tolerance and high nutritional value, medicinal value, and economic value. Suberin in roots is characterized by long-chain fatty acids and is thought to be related to the salt tolerance of grape. The key enzyme in the fatty acid elongation process is ß-ketoacyl-CoA synthase (KCS). The function and the regulatory mechanism of VvKCS in response to salt stress in grape are unclear. In this study, VvKCS was isolated from V. vinifera L. A real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that salt stress enhanced VvKCS transcription levels in grapes. Overexpression of VvKCS increased the tolerance to salt stress in Arabidopsis during the germination and seedling stages. The improved salt tolerance was the result of the combined contributions of multiple mechanisms including the regulation of expression of ion transporters and channels, accumulation of osmotic regulating substances, and maintenance of membrane stability. The results of this study are valuable information on plant salt tolerance and provide a theoretical basis for the molecular mechanism of grape salt tolerance.

16.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(24)2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33321974

RESUMO

The advancement of metallurgical vessels, such as blast furnaces, shaft furnaces, and torpedo ladles, can be better controlled and expanded for a greater lifespan if the thickness of the refractory lining wear is known and predicted. In the past, various methods including radioactive tracers, infrared (IR) thermography, electromagnetic waves, ultrasonic tomography, and temperature field have been tested to determine the thickness of the refractory wall. However, for various reasons, these methods have failed to be effective. This paper presents a novel method-electromotive force (EMF)-for predicting the thickness of refractory lining wear in vessels, including a small-scale vessel in the laboratory, an industrial torpedo ladle, and in the two refining hearths of blast furnaces. The experimental results show that the magnitude of the EMF signal increases with a decrease in wall thickness. Prediction values of the refractory wall thickness are consistent with measured ones. The relative error of EMF measurement for the torpedo ladle is around 6.8%. The EMF measurement of blast furnace hearths is quite accurate, and the relative error is less than 11%.

17.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 36(11): 1026-1031, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210598

RESUMO

Objective To observe the relationship of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) bone destruction with T cells, regulatory T cells (Tregs), CD19+ B cells and immune inflammation. Methods The study enrolled randomly 20 RA patients (RA group) and 20 normal controls (NC group). Bone mineral density was measured by DXEA dual energy X-ray bone densitometer. The serum levels of γ-interferon (IFN-γ) of Th1 cells, interleukin-4 (IL-4) of Th2 cells, IL-17, type I procollagen amino terminal propeptide (PINP), type I collagen carboxy terminal peptide (CTx), receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotectin (OPG) were detected by ELISA. T-cell subsets, Tregs, CD19+ B cells in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry. Spearman method was used to analyze the correlations of T cells, Treg and CD19+ B cells with bone density and Th1 and Th2 cytokines. Results The bone mineral density T value of the RA group was lower than that of the NC group. The bone mineral density T value of the double forearm was lower than that of the lumbar spine in the RA group. Compared with the NC group, the expression of IFN-γ, IL-17, Th1/Th2 cells, CTx, RANKL increased, and IL-4, PINP decreased in the RA group. Compared with the NC group, the expression of CD4+/CD8+ T cells, CD19+ B cells increased, and CD8+ T cells, CD4+CD25+ Tregs decreased in the RA group. Correlation analysis showed that CD8+ T cells were positively correlated with Th1/Th2 cells and IL-17, while CD4+ CD25+ Tregs were negatively correlated with CTx, and CD19+ B cells were negatively correlated with OPG in RA. Conclusion T cells and CD19+ B cells may participate in the process of bone destruction in RA by mediating inflammatory immunity.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Densidade Óssea , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Linfócitos , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Densidade Óssea/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th2/imunologia
18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5383, 2020 10 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097719

RESUMO

There is a continuous need for designing new and improved synthetic methods aiming at minimizing reaction steps while increasing molecular complexity. In this respect, catalytic, one-pot cascade methodologies constitute an ideal tool for the construction of complex molecules with high chemo-, regio-, and stereoselectivity. Herein, we describe two general and efficient cascade procedures for the synthesis of spiro-fused heterocylces. This transformation combines selective nucleophilic substitution (SN2'), palladium-catalyzed Heck and C-H activation reactions in a cascade manner. The use of allylic ammonium salts and specific Pd catalysts are key to the success of the transformations. The synthetic utility of these methodologies is showcased by the preparation of 48 spiro-fused dihydrobenzofuranes and indolines including a variety of fluorinated derivatives.

19.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 8879944, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062075

RESUMO

Background: Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) have been proved to play important roles in various cellular physiological process. Recently, dysregulation of snoRNA SNORA71A has been found involved in tumorigenesis of various malignant cancers. However, the emerging effects of SNORA71A in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain largely unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the SNORA71A expression and its underlying significance in HCC. Methods: Expression of SNORA71A in cell lines and clinical specimens was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. Then, all enrolled HCC patients were divided into low and high SNORA71A expression subgroups and then they were compared in the aspects of clinical features as well as survival outcome by respective statistical analysis methods. Results: SNORA71A was significantly downexpressed in SK-HEP-1 (P = 0.001), Huh-7 (P < 0.001), Hep3B (P < 0.001), and clinical HCC specimens (P = 0.006). Comparing the clinical features between SNORA71A expression subgroups, it showed that low SNORA71A expression was significantly associated with large tumor diameter, multiple lesions, capsular invasion, bad tumor differentiation, and TNM stage (P < 0.05). Furthermore, it was found that HCC patients with lower SNORA71A expression had higher risk in postoperative tumor relapse (median time: 9.5 vs. 35.2 months; low vs. high; P < 0.001) and poor overall survival (median time: 36.8 vs. 52.9 months; low vs. high; P < 0.001). Besides, SNORA71A expression served as independent risk factors for tumor-free (HR = 0.450; 95% CI [0.263-0.770]; P = 0.004) and long-term survival (HR = 0.289; 95% CI [0.127-0.657]; P = 0.003). Conclusions: Our study for the first time demonstrated that downregulation of SNORA71A could serve as a novel biomarker for clinical assessment and prognostic prediction of HCC patients.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(46): 20394-20398, 2020 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931127

RESUMO

A general and direct synthesis of dicarboxylic acids including industrially important adipic acid by palladium-catalyzed dicarbonylation of allylic alcohol is reported. Specifically, the combination of PdCl2 and a bisphosphine ligand (HeMaRaphos) promotes two different carbonylation reactions with high activity and excellent selectivity.

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