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Opt Express ; 26(22): A937-A945, 2018 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30470024


The interest in black silicon structures as an anti-reflective interface at the front side of silicon solar cells increased strongly with the rise of diamond wire sawing. The application of optical modeling in order to predict optimal structure parameters could be highly valuable. However, due to the random nature of the structure as well as dimensions in the range of the wavelengths of interest, optical modeling is still a challenge. Within this work, the stitching method of rigorously calculated fields is extended and applied to a black silicon structure. A Fourier transform is used to determine the angular intensity distribution in the far field. In combination with the OPTOS formalism, this allows modeling of silicon substrates with black silicon front side and shows a reasonably good agreement with optical measurement results. Implementing the investigated structure into a solar cell configuration reveals not only a low reflectance but also a very good light trapping performance close to that of a Lambertian scatterer.

Opt Express ; 24(14): A1083-93, 2016 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27410896


The OPTOS formalism is a matrix-based approach to determine the optical properties of textured optical sheets. It is extended within this work to enable the modelling of systems with an arbitrary number of textured, plane-parallel interfaces. A matrix-based system description is derived that accounts for the optical reflection and transmission interaction between all textured interfaces. Using OPTOS, we calculate reflectance and absorptance of complete photovoltaic module stacks, which consist of encapsulated silicon solar cells featuring textures that operate in different optical regimes. As exemplary systems, solar cells with and without module encapsulation are shown to exhibit a considerable absorptance gain if the random pyramid front side texture is combined with a diffractive rear side grating. A variation of the sunlight's angle of incidence reveals that the grating gain is almost not affected for incoming polar angles up to 60°. Considering as well the good agreement with alternative simulation techniques, OPTOS is demonstrated to be a versatile and efficient method for the optical analysis of photovoltaic modules.