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1.
Leukemia ; 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363160

RESUMO

Allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) may be curative in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in second complete remission (CR2) but the impact of reduced intensity (RIC) versus myeloablative conditioning (MAC) is uncertain. The Acute Leukaemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation Registry studied an AML CR2 cohort characterised by age ≥ 18 years, first allo-HCT 2007-2016, available cytogenetic profile at diagnosis, donors who were matched family, volunteer unrelated with HLA antigen match 10/10 or 9/10 or haplo-identical. The 1879 eligible patients included 1010 (54%) MAC allo-HCT recipients. In patients <50 years (y), two year outcomes for MAC vs RIC allo-HCT were equivalent with leukaemia-free survival (LFS) 54% for each, overall survival (OS), 61% vs 62%, non-relapse mortality (NRM) 18% vs 15% and graft versus host disease relapse-free survival (GRFS) 38% vs 42%. In patients ≥50 y, 2 y outcomes for MAC vs RIC allo-HCT were equivalent for LFS 52% vs 49%, OS 58% vs 55% and GRFS 42.4% vs 36%. However, NRM was significantly inferior after MAC allo-HCT, 27% vs 19% (P = 0.01) despite worse cGVHD after RIC-allo (32% vs 39%). These data support the need for ongoing prospective study of conditioning intensity and GVHD mitigation in AML.

2.
Haematologica ; 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439677

RESUMO

Core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia comprises two subtypes with distinct cytogenetic abnormalities of either t(8;21)(q22;q22) or inv(16)(p13q22)/t(16;16)(p13;q22). Since long-term response to chemotherapy in those leukemias is relatively good, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is considered in patients who relapse and achieve second complete remission. To evaluate the outcomes of allogeneic transplantation in this indication, we studied 631 patients in reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Registry between the years 2000 and 2014. Leukemia-free survival probabilities at 2 and 5 years were 59.1% and 54.1%, while overall survival probabilities were 65% and 58.2% respectively. The incidence of relapse and risk of non-relapse mortality at the same time-points were 19.8% and 22.5% for relapse and 20.9% and 23.3% for non-relapse mortality respectively. The most important adverse factors influencing leukemia-free and overall survival were leukemia with t(8;21), presence of 3 or more additional chromosomal abnormalities and Karnofsky performance score <80. Relapse risk was increased in t(8;21) leukemia and associated with additional cytogenetic abnormalities as well as reduced intensity conditioning. Measurable residual disease in molecular evaluation before transplantation was associated with increased risk of relapse and inferior leukemia-free survival.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-11, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30997844

RESUMO

Most myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)-patients receive multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCT). Transfusions may cause iron-related toxicity and mortality, influencing outcome after allogeneic HSCT. This prospective non-interventional study evaluated 222 MDS and CMML patients undergoing HSCT. Overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse incidence (RI) at 36 months were 52%, 44%, 25%, and 31%, respectively. Age, percentage of marrow blasts and severe comorbidities impacted OS. RFS was significantly associated with RBCT burden prior to HSCT (HR: 1.7; p = .02). High ferritin levels had a significant negative impact on OS and RI, but no impact on NRM. Administration of iron chelation therapy prior to HSCT did not influence the outcome, but early iron reduction after HSCT (started before 6 months) improved RFS significantly after transplantation (56% in the control group vs. 90% in the treated group, respectively; p = .04). This study illustrates the impact of RBCT and related parameters on HSCT-outcome. Patients with an expected prolonged survival after transplantation may benefit from early iron reduction therapy after transplantation.

4.
Aging Cell ; 18(2): e12897, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712319

RESUMO

The age of tissues and cells can be accurately estimated by DNA methylation analysis. The multitissue DNA methylation (DNAm) age predictor combines the DNAm levels of 353 CpG dinucleotides to arrive at an age estimate referred to as DNAm age. Recent studies based on short-term observations showed that the DNAm age of reconstituted blood following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) reflects the age of the donor. However, it is not known whether the DNAm age of donor blood remains independent of the recipient's age over the long term. Importantly, long-term studies including child recipients have the potential to clearly reveal whether DNAm age is cell-intrinsic or whether it is modulated by extracellular cues in vivo. Here, we address this question by analyzing blood methylation data from HSCT donor and recipient pairs who greatly differed in chronological age (age differences between 1 and 49 years). We found that the DNAm age of the reconstituted blood was not influenced by the recipient's age, even 17 years after HSCT, in individuals without relapse of their hematologic disorder. However, the DNAm age of recipients with relapse of leukemia was unstable. These data are consistent with our previous findings concerning the abnormal DNAm age of cancer cells, and it can potentially be exploited to monitor the health of HSCT recipients. Our data demonstrate that transplanted human hematopoietic stem cells have an intrinsic DNAm age that is unaffected by the environment in a recipient of a different age.

5.
Case Rep Hematol ; 2018: 2045985, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30345125

RESUMO

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder in which neoplastic cells exhibit the Philadelphia chromosome and the related oncoprotein BCR-ABL1. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) was considered the first-line treatment for CML, before the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, patients are at risk for relapse years after transplantation. We present a patient who relapsed 25 years after allo-SCT for chronic phase CML. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detected gradually evaluated levels of BCR-ABL1 transcripts, eventually leading to the diagnosis of relapsed disease. Additional mutational analyses did not reveal mutations in the BCR-ABL1 gene, or other cooperating mutations. The patient was successfully treated with imatinib 400 mg daily, leading to new molecular remission. The case presentation emphasizes the need for long-term follow-up of such patients and the potential benefit of initiating TKI treatment with early signs of relapse.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 18(1): 801, 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30089450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the advent of novel drugs improved overall survival in patients with multiple myeloma, including patients who received up-front autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), has been reported from several centers. Here we report on overall survival in a population-based cohort of patients receiving ASCT as first line treatment and in whom novel agents were an option for second and later lines of treatment. METHODS: Patients with multiple myeloma ≤ 65 years of age who were considered for ASCT from 01.01.2001-31.06.2005 (period 1) and from 01.07.2005 until 31.12.2009 (period 2) at Oslo University Hospital (OUH) were identified. Relevant data were collected from the patients' medical records. RESULTS: Altogether, 293/355 patients received ASCT. In all, median OS was 82.9 months in patients ≤ 60 years of age and 59.0 months in patients 61-65 years. For patients ≤ 60 years of age median OS increased from 70.6 months to 87.7 months (p = 0. 22) and median survival after start of second line therapy increased from 34.5 months to 46.5 months (p = 0.015) between the two periods. For patients 61-65 years of age median OS increased from 57.3 months to 61.2 months (p = 0. 87) and median survival after start of second line therapy was practically unchanged (32.6 months vs. 33.1 months (p = 0.97) between the periods. In patients ≤ 60 years of age salvage ASCT was used in 34% of the patients while in patients 61-65 years of age salvage ASCT was used in 7.3% of the patients. The use of salvage ASCT and novel drugs, as well as the number of treatment lines, were higher in patients ≤ 60 years of age and increased during the study period. CONCLUSION: In patients ≤ 60 years of age an increased median OS of 17 months between the two periods were noted, but the difference failed to reach statistical significance. However, a statistically significant difference in median survival of 12 months after start of second line therapy was found in this age group, which may be explained by a more active second line treatment. In patients 61-65 years only a slight increase of survival, not statistically significant, was noted between the periods.

8.
Am J Hematol ; 93(10): 1236-1244, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30058714

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the most powerful therapy preventing relapse in patients with adverse cytogenetics acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1). In the absence of a matched related donor, potential alternatives include 10/10, 9/10 HLA-matched unrelated (UD) or haploidentical (Haplo) donors. We analyzed clinical outcomes of patients undergoing T-cell repleted Haplo (n = 74), 10/10 UD (n = 433) and 9/10 UD HSCT (n = 123) from 2007 to 2015, reported to the EBMT Registry. Adverse risk AML was defined according to the 2017 ELN cytogenetic risk classification. The 2-year nonrelapse mortality was 19% for Haplo, 18% for 10/10 UD and 18% for 9/10 UD (P = .9). The relapse incidence was not significantly affected by donor source, with a 2-year incidence of 27% for Haplo HSCT, 39% for 10/10 UD and 37% for 9/10 UD SCT (P = .3). We show comparable probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) at 2 years among Haplo HSCT, 10/10 UD SCT and 9/10 UD SCT (53% and 59%, 43% and 50%, 44% and 50%, respectively, P = .5 for both parameters). The type of donor was not significantly associated with either acute or chronic graft-vs.-host disease incidence. Using multivariable Cox model, Haplo HSCT recipients experienced comparable OS and LFS to 10/10 and 9/10 UD. In the present series of adverse cytogenetics AML patients in CR1, Haplo HSCT recipients had comparable outcomes to those of 10/10 and 9/10 UDs, suggesting that all these types of HSCT may be considered a valid option in this high risk population.

9.
Case Reports Immunol ; 2018: 2053716, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29888014

RESUMO

The nuclease Artemis is essential for the development of T-cell and B-cell receptors and repair of DNA double-strand breaks, and a loss of expression or function will lead to a radiosensitive severe combined immunodeficiency with no functional T-cells or B-cells (T-B-SCID). Hypomorphic mutations in the Artemis gene can lead to a functional, but reduced, T-cell and B-cell repertoire with a more indolent clinical course called "leaky" SCID. Here, we present the case of a young man who had increasingly aggressive lymphoproliferative skin lesions from 2 years of age which developed into multiple EBV+ B-cell lymphomas, where a hypomorphic mutation in the Artemis gene was found in a diagnostic race against time using whole exome sequencing. The patient was given a haploidentical stem cell transplant while in remission for his lymphomas and although the initial course was successful, he succumbed to a serious Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia 5 months after the transplant. The case underscores the importance of next-generation sequencing in the diagnosis of patients with suspected severe immunodeficiency.

10.
Br J Haematol ; 2018 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29808926

RESUMO

Allogeneic Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (allo-HSCT) remains the only curative approach for Myelofibrosis (MF). Scarce information exists in the literature on the outcome and, indeed, management of those MF patients who relapse following transplant. We hereby report on the management and outcome of 202 patients who relapsed post allo-HSCT for MF.

12.
Am J Hematol ; 93(1): 31-39, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28971504

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to assess the role of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) in patients diagnosed with BCR-ABL1-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Fifty-seven patients (median age, 48 years, range: 19-67) with BCR-ABL1 positive AML undergoing SCT were identified. The majority of the patients (70%) received a TKI before the transplant. At SCT 48 patients were in CR (45 in CR1), while 9 patients were transplanted in a more advanced stage of the disease. MRD was negative (BCR-ABL1/ABL < 104 ) at time of SCT in 36.1% (14/40). After SCT, 16 (61.5%) out of 26 patients with MRD positive at transplantation reached MRD negativity. After a median follow-up of 6.3 years (0.7-14.2), NRM, RI, LFS, OS, and GRFS at 5 years were 18.1%, 37%, 44.2%, 53.8%, and 32.1%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of acute GvHD grade II-IV was 16.4%, incidence of chronic GvHD 24.9%, and of extensive cGvHD 21.4%, respectively. In patients who received SCT in CR1, 5-yr NRM, RI, LFS, OS, and GRFS were 15.9%, 36.4%, 46.5%, 59.4%, and 34.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that age (<50 vs. ≥50 years) was associated with RI (5-yr: 22.7 vs. 50%), LFS (5-yr: 61.9 vs. 31.8%), and GRFS (5-yr: 52.4 vs. 18.2%), whereas MRD-negative status before SCT was associated with an improved GRFS (38.9 vs. 16.7%). We conclude that the outcome of patients <50 years of age with BCR-ABL1-positive AML receiving allogeneic SCT in CR is relatively favorable, possibly reflecting the beneficial effect of the use of TKI.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Haematologica ; 102(8): 1361-1367, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28522574

RESUMO

Monitoring of single cell signal transduction in leukemic cellular subsets has been proposed to provide deeper understanding of disease biology and prognosis, but has so far not been tested in a clinical trial of targeted therapy. We developed a complete mass cytometry analysis pipeline for characterization of intracellular signal transduction patterns in the major leukocyte subsets of chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia. Changes in phosphorylated Bcr-Abl1 and the signaling pathways involved were readily identifiable in peripheral blood single cells already within three hours of the patient receiving oral nilotinib. The signal transduction profiles of healthy donors were clearly distinct from those of the patients at diagnosis. Furthermore, using principal component analysis, we could show that phosphorylated transcription factors STAT3 (Y705) and CREB (S133) within seven days reflected BCR-ABL1IS at three and six months. Analyses of peripheral blood cells longitudinally collected from patients in the ENEST1st clinical trial showed that single cell mass cytometry appears to be highly suitable for future investigations addressing tyrosine kinase inhibitor dosing and effect. (clinicaltrials.gov identifier: 01061177).


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide de Fase Crônica/patologia , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
14.
Am J Hematol ; 92(7): 653-659, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28370339

RESUMO

Up to 20% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients present initially with hyperleukocytosis, placing them at increased risk for early mortality during induction. Yet, it is unknown whether hyperleukocytosis still retains prognostic value for AML patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Furthermore, it is unknown whether hyperleukocytosis holds prognostic significance when modern molecular markers such as FLT3-ITD and NPM1 are accounted for. To determine whether hyperleukocytosis is an independent prognostic factor influencing outcome in transplanted AML patients we performed a retrospective analysis using the registry of the acute leukemia working party of the European Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. A cohort of 357 patients with hyperleukocytosis (159 patients with white blood count [WBC] 50 K-100 K, 198 patients with WBC ≥ 100 K) was compared to 918 patients without hyperleukocytosis. Patients with hyperleukocytosis were younger, had an increased rate of favorable risk cytogenetics, and more likely to be FLT3 and NPM1 mutated. In multivariate analysis, hyperleukocytosis was independently associated with increased relapse incidence (hazard ratio [HR] of 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-2.12; P = .004), decreased leukemia-free survival (HR of 1.38, 95% CI, 1.07-1.78; P = .013), and inferior overall survival (HR of 1.4, 95% CI, 1.07-1.84; P = .013). Hyperleukocytosis retains a significant prognostic role for AML patients undergoing HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Leucocitose/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética
15.
Am J Hematol ; 92(4): 344-350, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28052366

RESUMO

The French, American, and British (FAB) classification system for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is extensively used and is incorporated into the AML, not otherwise specified (NOS) category in the 2016 WHO edition of myeloid neoplasm classification. While recent data proposes that FAB classification does not provide additional prognostic information for patients for whom NPM1 status is available, it is unknown whether FAB still retains a current prognostic role in predicting outcome of AML patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Using the European Society of Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation registry we analyzed outcome of 1690 patients transplanted in CR1 to determine if FAB classification provides additional prognostic value. Multivariate analysis revealed that M6/M7 patients had decreased leukemia free survival (hazard ratio (HR) of 1.41, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-1.99; P = .046) in addition to increased nonrelapse mortality (NRM) rates (HR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.06-3.01; P = .028) compared with other FAB types. In the NPM1wt AML, NOS cohort, FAB M6/M7 was also associated with increased NRM (HR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.14-4.16; P = .019). Finally, in FLT3-ITD+ patients, multivariate analyses revealed that specific FAB types were tightly associated with adverse outcome. In conclusion, FAB classification may predict outcome following transplantation in AML, NOS patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/classificação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Classificação , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
16.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 23(1): 172-175, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27777142

RESUMO

Steroid refractory acute graft-versus-host-disease of the gut is a serious complication associated with high mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Treatment options are limited and not predictably effective. We describe the treatment of steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host-disease with vedolizumab, an antibody directed against integrin α4ß7, in 6 patients. All patients responded, and 4 of 6 patients are alive with a median follow-up of 10 months.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Integrinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Enteropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Feminino , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 139(1): 232-245, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27577878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders thus far associated with mutations in more than 300 genes. The clinical phenotypes derived from distinct genotypes can overlap. Genetic etiology can be a prognostic indicator of disease severity and can influence treatment decisions. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the ability of whole-exome screening methods to detect disease-causing variants in patients with PIDDs. METHODS: Patients with PIDDs from 278 families from 22 countries were investigated by using whole-exome sequencing. Computational copy number variant (CNV) prediction pipelines and an exome-tiling chromosomal microarray were also applied to identify intragenic CNVs. Analytic approaches initially focused on 475 known or candidate PIDD genes but were nonexclusive and further tailored based on clinical data, family history, and immunophenotyping. RESULTS: A likely molecular diagnosis was achieved in 110 (40%) unrelated probands. Clinical diagnosis was revised in about half (60/110) and management was directly altered in nearly a quarter (26/110) of families based on molecular findings. Twelve PIDD-causing CNVs were detected, including 7 smaller than 30 Kb that would not have been detected with conventional diagnostic CNV arrays. CONCLUSION: This high-throughput genomic approach enabled detection of disease-related variants in unexpected genes; permitted detection of low-grade constitutional, somatic, and revertant mosaicism; and provided evidence of a mutational burden in mixed PIDD immunophenotypes.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Genômica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 17(11)2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27809289

RESUMO

Several pretransplant factors, including CRP (C-reactive protein) levels, reflect the risk of complications after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. IL-6 induces CRP increase, and we therefore investigated the effects of pretransplant IL-6, soluble IL-6 receptors, IL-6 family cytokines and CRP serum levels on outcome for 100 consecutive allotransplant recipients. All patients had related donors, none had active infections and 99 patients were in complete remission before conditioning. The incidence of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) requiring treatment was 40%, survival at Day +100 82%, and overall survival 48%. Despite a significant correlation between pretransplant CRP and IL-6 levels, only CRP levels significantly influenced transplant-related mortality (TRM). However, CRP did not influence overall survival (OS). Pretransplant IL-31 influenced late TRM. Finally, there was a significant association between pretransplant IL-6 and early postconditioning weight gain (i.e., fluid retention), and this fluid retention was a risk factor for aGVHD, TRM and OS. To conclude, pretransplant CRP, IL-31 and early posttransplant fluid retention were independent risk factors for TRM and survival after allotransplantation.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Receptor gp130 de Citocina/sangue , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Receptores de Interleucina-6/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Homólogo , Ganho de Peso , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ther Drug Monit ; 37(4): 493-500, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25565670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Busulfan (Bu) and cyclophosphamide (Cy) are frequently included in conditioning regimens before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Both drugs are detoxified by glutathione transferases (GST), and GST gene variants may explain some of the interindividual variability in pharmacokinetics and drug toxicity. METHODS: The study investigated adult patients (n = 114) receiving oral Bu pre-HSCT. Bu doses were adjusted to obtain an average steady-state concentration (Css) of 900 mcg/L. RESULTS: Median first dose Bu Css was 1000 mcg/L (600-1780 mcg/L). Patients carrying 1 and 2 GSTA1*B (rs3957357) alleles demonstrated median 12% and 16% higher Bu Css (P ≤ 0.05). Bu exposure (average Css; odds ratio = 1.009, 95% confidence interval = 1.002-1.017, P = 0.013) and GSTM1 gene copy number (odds ratio = 17.1, 95% confidence interval = 1.46-201, P = 0.024) were significant predictors of mortality ≤30 days. The mortality was 25% versus 2% among carriers of 2 versus no GSTM1 copies (P = 0.021). Mortality ≤3 months was associated with higher first dose Bu exposure (1090 versus 980 mcg/L, P = 0.021). GSTM1 expression and high Bu exposure may increase Cy toxicity by reducing intracellular glutathione. CONCLUSIONS: GST genotyping before HSCT may allow better prediction of Bu pharmacokinetics and drug toxicity, and thereby improve outcome after BuCy conditioning.


Assuntos
Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Bussulfano/farmacocinética , Variação Genética/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Bussulfano/sangue , Feminino , Dosagem de Genes/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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