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1.
Small ; 13(16)2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28160408

RESUMO

SiGeSn ternaries are grown on Ge-buffered Si wafers incorporating Si or Sn contents of up to 15 at%. The ternaries exhibit layer thicknesses up to 600 nm, while maintaining a high crystalline quality. Tuning of stoichiometry and strain, as shown by means of absorption measurements, allows bandgap engineering in the short-wave infrared range of up to about 2.6 µm. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence experiments indicate ternaries near the indirect-to-direct bandgap transition, proving their potential for ternary-based light emitters in the aforementioned optical range. The ternaries' layer relaxation is also monitored to explore their use as strain-relaxed buffers, since they are of interest not only for light emitting diodes investigated in this paper but also for many other optoelectronic and electronic applications. In particular, the authors have epitaxially grown a GeSn/SiGeSn multiquantum well heterostructure, which employs SiGeSn as barrier material to efficiently confine carriers in GeSn wells. Strong room temperature light emission from fabricated light emitting diodes proves the high potential of this heterostructure approach.

2.
Analyst ; 138(7): 1966-70, 2013 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23431560

RESUMO

The dynamics of TiO2 conduction band electrons were followed with a novel broadband synchrotron-based transient mid-IR spectroscopy setup. The lifetime of conduction band electrons was found to be dependent on the injection method used. Direct band gap excitation results in a lifetime of 2.5 ns, whereas indirect excitation at 532 nm via Ru-N719 dye followed by injection from the dye into TiO2 results in a lifetime of 5.9 ns.

3.
Lab Invest ; 90(1): 83-97, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19918242

RESUMO

Reduced nephron numbers may predispose to renal failure. We hypothesized that glucose transporters (GLUTs) may contribute to progression of the renal disease, as GLUTs have been implicated in diabetic glomerulosclerosis and hypertensive renal disease with mesangial cell (MC) stretch. The Os (oligosyndactyly) allele that typically reduces nephron number by approximately 50%, was repeatedly backcrossed from ROP (Ra/+ (ragged), Os/+ (oligosyndactyly), and Pt/+ (pintail)) Os/+ mice more than six times into the Fvb mouse background to obtain Os/+ and +/+ mice with the Fvb background for study. Glomerular function, GLUT1, signaling, albumin excretion, and structural and ultrastructural changes were assessed. The FvbROP Os/+ mice (Fvb background) exhibited increased glomerular GLUT1, glucose uptake, VEGF, glomerular hypertrophy, hyperfiltration, extensive podocyte foot process effacement, marked albuminuria, severe extracellular matrix (ECM) protein deposition, and rapidly progressive renal failure leading to their early demise. Glomerular GLUT1 was increased 2.7-fold in the FvbROP Os/+ mice vs controls at 4 weeks of age, and glucose uptake was increased 2.7-fold. These changes were associated with the activation of glomerular PKCbeta1 and NF-kappaB p50 which contribute to ECM accumulation. The cyclic mechanical stretch of MCs in vitro, used as a model for increased MC stretch in vivo, reproduced increased GLUT1 at 48 h, a stimulus for increased VEGF expression which followed at 72 h. VEGF was also shown to act in a positive feedback manner on MC GLUT1, increasing GLUT1 expression, glucose uptake and fibronectin (FN) accumulation in vitro, whereas antisense suppression of GLUT1 largely blocked FN upregulation by VEGF. The FvbROP Os/+ mice exhibited an early increase in glomerular GLUT1 leading to increased glomerular glucose uptake PKCbeta1, and NF-kappaB activation, with excess ECM accumulation. A GLUT1-VEGF-GLUT1 positive feedback loop may play a key role in contributing to renal disease in this model of nondiabetic glomerulosclerosis.


Assuntos
Albuminúria/etiologia , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/metabolismo , Camundongos Mutantes/metabolismo , Néfrons/anormalidades , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/fisiopatologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Alelos , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Creatinina/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Mesângio Glomerular/metabolismo , Mesângio Glomerular/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Rim/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Glomérulos Renais/metabolismo , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Mutantes/genética , Microscopia Eletrônica , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Estresse Mecânico , Sindactilia/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
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