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1.
ACS Omega ; 4(2): 3405-3408, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459556

RESUMO

The synthesis of six tetrathia-oligothiophene macrocycles is described with modest ring-closing yields between 21 and 55%. Single-crystal X-ray studies of four of the macrocycles indicated that encapsulated solvent or guest molecules were possible. A variety of guest molecules were explored for inclusion complexes via NMR, absorption, emission, and X-ray techniques. The solution-phase inclusion complexes were uninformative; yet the solid-state experiments revealed that solvent exchangeable channels exist through the macrocyclic pores.

2.
Chemistry ; 25(17): 4305-4308, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723967

RESUMO

Isolable cationic PtII and PtIV alkylidenes, proposed intermediates in catalytic organic transformations, are reported. The bonding in these species was probed by experimental, structural, spectroscopic, electrochemical and computational methods, providing direct evidence for π-bonding, the often-theorized relativistic stabilization of these species, and the influence of oxidation state.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(1): 154-158, 2019 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30408328

RESUMO

Flexible, chelating bis(NHC) ligand 2, able to accommodate both cis- and trans-coordination modes, was used to synthesize (2)Ni(η2 -cod), 3. In reaction with GeCl2 , it produced (2)NiGeCl2 , 4, featuring a T-shaped Ni0 and a pyramidal Ge center. Complex 4 could also be prepared from [(2)GeCl]Cl, 5, and Ni(cod)2 , in a reaction that formally involved Ni-Ge transmetalation, followed by coordination of the extruded GeCl2 moiety to Ni. A computational analysis showed that 4 possesses considerable multiconfigurational character and the Ni→Ge bond is formed through σ-donation from the Ni 4s, 4p, and 3d orbitals to Ge. (NHC)2 Ni(cod) complexes 9 and 10, as well as (NHC)2 GeCl2 derivative 11, incorporating ligands that cannot accommodate a wide bite angle, failed to produce isolable Ni-Ge complexes. The isolation of (2)Ni(η2 -Py), 12, provides further evidence for the reluctance of the (2)Ni0 fragment to act as a σ-Lewis acid.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 47(46): 16789-16797, 2018 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30427346

RESUMO

A rigidified PCalkylP ligand allowed for the synthesis and characterization of cationic and radical PCCarbeneP nickel complexes in which the carbene anchor of the pincer framework is electrophilic rather than nucleophilic. Alpha-hydride abstraction from a (PCalkylP)nickel halide complex readily leads to the cationic carbene complex, which furnishes the radical carbene complex by one electron reduction. The reactivity of these reverse polarity carbene complexes towards small molecules (H2, CO, CO2, R3SiH, NH3) reveals different modes of activation when compared to previously reported nucleophilic nickel carbene complexes, and a clear dependence on the redox state of the complex. For H2, CO and CO2, no reaction is observed, but silanes react via hydride transfer and formation of solvated silylium ions. Ammonia is activated in a novel way, wherein it coordinates the carbene carbon and is deprotonated to form a robust C-N bond. This is not only a rare example of ammonia activation by a first row transition metal but also evidence of the intermediacy of group 10 carbenes in direct C-N bond forming reactions.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 47(38): 13680-13688, 2018 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30209501

RESUMO

Alkyl and hydrido scandium complexes of the dianionic pentadentate ligand B2Pz4Py are reported. The key starting material (B2Pz4Py)ScCl is readily prepared and alkylated with organolithium reagents RLi (R = CH3, CH2SiMe3, CH2SiMe2Ph, CH2CH2CH3 and CH2CHMe2) to form alkyl derivatives in 61-93% yields. These compounds are very thermally stable and do not undergo sigma bond metathesis reactions with dihydrogen. The hydrido complex was prepared from (B2Pz4Py)ScCl and NaHBEt3 in 80% yield and was found to be more stable by 28 kcal mol-1 as a dimer, rather than a monomeric hydrido complex. However, the monomer is accessible through dissociation of the dimer at 80 °C. All of the compounds (B2Pz4Py)ScR react with water to form the bridging oxo dimer (B2Pz4Py)ScOSc(B2Pz4Py). The reactivity of the hydrido and methyl complexes towards carbon dioxide was explored; heating to 80 °C results in the formation of κ2 formato and acetate complexes, respectively. The mechanisms were studied via density functional theory and distinct transition states for insertion of CO2 into the Sc-R (R = H, CH3) were found, with the insertion into Sc-CH3 being more enthalpically difficult (by 18 kcal mol-1) than insertion into Sc-H. The slow rate of reaction between [(B2Pz4Py)ScH]2 and CO2 is attributed to the barrier associated with dimer dissociation. In both insertion reactions, the kinetic products are κ1 formato or acetate complexes that are only slightly less stable than the observed κ2 derivatives. The κ1 compounds can therefore be trapped by treating the κ2 isomers with tris-pentafluorophenyl borane.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 47(3): 734-741, 2018 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29239418

RESUMO

The reactions of 1-bora-7a-azaindenide anions, prepared in moderate to excellent yields by reduction of the appropriate 1-bora-7a-azaindenyl chlorides with KC8 in THF, with alkyl halides and carbon dioxide were studied. With alkyl halides (CH2Cl2, CH3I and BrCH(D)CH(D)tBu), the anions behave as boron anions, alkylating the boron centre via a classic SN2 mechanism. This was established with DFT methods and via experiments utilizing the neo-hexyl stereoprobe BrCH(D)CH(D)tBu. These reactions were in part driven by a re-aromatization of the six membered pyridyl ring upon formation of the product. Conversely, in the reaction of the 1-bora-7a-azaindenide anions with CO2, a novel carboxylation of the C-2 carbon alpha to boron was observed. Computations indicated that while carboxylation of the boron centre was kinetically feasible, the products of B-carboxylation were not thermodynamically favored relative to the observed C-2 carboxylated species, which were formed preferably due to the generation of both C-C and B-O bonds. In these products, the pyridyl ring remains non-aromatic, in part accounting for the observed reversibility of carboxylation.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 57(1): 495-506, 2018 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29260872

RESUMO

Three PCsp3P pincer ligands differing in the aryl group linking the phosphine arms with the anchoring carbon donor were used to support square planar Ni(II) bromide complexes 1-3Br. Exchange of the coordinating bromide anion for the more weakly coordinating triflate (OTf) or hexafluoroantimonate (SbF6) anions was accomplished by treatment with AgX or TlX salts to give compounds 1-3X; compounds 1OTf, 1SbF6, 2Br, 2OTf, 3Br, and 3SbF6 were all characterized by X-ray crystallography. The reactions of these Ni(II) compounds with the amine-N-oxide oxygen atom transfer agents ONMe3 and ONMePh2 were explored. For ONMe3, reactions with 2 equiv gave products in which one arm of the pincer ligand was oxidized to a P═O unit, with the other amine-N-oxide ligated to the Ni(II) center, forming products 5-6X; compounds 4OTf, 5OTf, and 6SbF6 were characterized crystallographically. Transient amine-N-oxide adducts prior to ligand oxidation were observed in some reactions. For the more effective O atom donor ONMePh2, reactions were very rapid and a second oxidation of the remaining phosphine arm was observed, producing a Ni(II) species with an OCO pincer ligand (7SbF6). All compounds were fully characterized. Experiments aimed at trapping transient Ni(IV) oxo intermediates (with cyclohexadiene, KH, and various Lewis acids) indicated that such species were not involved in the reaction. This was supported by density functional theory (DFT) computations at the B3PW91 level, which indicated that direct O atom insertion into the Ni-P bonds without the intermediacy of a Ni oxo species was the low-energy pathway.

8.
Nat Commun ; 7: 11299, 2016 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27090355

RESUMO

Organic molecules with heavy main-group elements frequently form supramolecular links to electron-rich centres. One particular case of such interactions is halogen bonding. Most studies of this phenomenon have been concerned with either dimers or infinitely extended structures (polymers and lattices) but well-defined cyclic structures remain elusive. Here we present oligomeric aggregates of heterocycles that are linked by chalcogen-centered interactions and behave as genuine macrocyclic species. The molecules of 3-methyl-5-phenyl-1,2-tellurazole 2-oxide assemble a variety of supramolecular aggregates that includes cyclic tetramers and hexamers, as well as a helical polymer. In all these aggregates, the building blocks are connected by Te(…)O-N bridges. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic experiments demonstrate that the two types of annular aggregates are persistent in solution. These self-assembled structures form coordination complexes with transition-metal ions, act as fullerene receptors and host small molecules in a crystal.

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