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1.
Bioinformatics ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681951

RESUMO

SUMMARY: We present a web server, GenCLiP 3, which is an updated version of GenCLiP 2.0 to enhance analysis of human gene functions and regulatory networks, with the following improvements: i) accurate recognition of molecular interactions with polarity and directionality from the entire PubMed database; ii) support for Boolean search to customize multiple-term search and to quickly retrieve function related genes; iii) strengthened association between gene and keyword by a new scoring method; and iv) daily updates following literature release at PubMed FTP. AVAILABILITY: The server is freely available for academic use at: http://ci.smu.edu.cn/genclip3/. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

2.
Life Sci ; 232: 116635, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283925

RESUMO

AIMS: The pathological cardiac hypertrophy will develop into heart failure, which has no effective treatment currently. Previous studies have proved that microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in the development of cardiac hypertrophy and regulate the pathological progress. In this study, we want to investigate the role of microRNA-92b-3p (miR-92b-3p) in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the mechanisms involved. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neonatal mouse ventricular cells (NMVCs) were isolated from the hearts of 1-3-d-old newborn C57BL6 mice. The isolated NMVCs were induced hypertrophic phenotype by Angiotensin-II (Ang-II) and the cell size was examined by FITC-phalloidin staining assay. The expression of miR-92b-3p was determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-qPCR). MRNA and protein level of ß-MHC, ACTA1 and HAND2 in NMVCs transfected with miR-92b-3p mimic and inhibition were assessed by RT-qPCR assay and western blot assay, respectively. Dual luciferase assay was used to verify the interaction between miR-92b-3p and the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of HAND2 gene. KEY FINDINGS: MiR-92b-3p and HAND2 were significantly increased in Ang-II-induced NMVCs. Overexpression of miR-92b-3p can ameliorate Ang-II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. MiR-92b-3p negatively regulated HAND2 expression at the transcriptional level. Both miR-92b-3p mimic and HAND2 siRNA could efficiently inhibit Ang-II-induced hypertrophy in mouse cardiomyocytes. SIGNIFICANCE: MiR-92b-3p inhibits Ang-II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy via targeting HAND2.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cardiopatias Congênitas/genética , Cardiopatias Congênitas/metabolismo , Cardiopatias Congênitas/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima
3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(12): 1390-1399, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31205095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is closely associated with adverse cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and we aimed to determine whether biomarkers and blood pressure could be potential predictors of MSIMI. METHODS: This study enrolled 82 patients with documented CAD between June 1, 2017 and November 9, 2017. Patient blood samples were obtained at resting period and at the end of mental arithmetic. Then, patients were assigned to MSIMI positive group and MSIMI negative group. The main statistical methods included linear regression, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression. RESULTS: Patients with CAD with MSIMI had significantly greater median resting N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, 141.02 [45.85-202.76] pg/mL vs. 57.95 [27.06-117.64] pg/mL; Z = -2.23, P = 0.03) and mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) (145.56 ±â€Š16.87 mmHg vs. 134.92 ±â€Š18.16 mmHg, Z = -2.13, P = 0.04) when compared with those without MSIMI. After 5-min mental stress task, those who developed MSIMI presented higher elevation of median post-stressor high sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI, 0.020 [0.009-0.100] ng/mL vs. 0.009 [0.009-0.010] ng/mL; Z = -2.45, P = 0.01), post-stressor NT-proBNP (138.96 [39.93-201.56] pg/mL vs. 61.55 [25.66-86.50] pg/mL; Z = -2.15, P = 0.03) compared with those without MSIMI. Using the ROC curves, and after the adjustment for basic characteristics, the multiple logistic regression analysis showed that patients presenting a post-stressor hs-cTnI ≥ 0.015 ng/mL had seven-fold increase in the risk of developing MSIMI (odds ratio [OR]: 7.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.65-30.48; P = 0.009), a rest NT-proBNP ≥ 80.51 pg/mL had nearly eight-fold increase (OR: 7.85; 95% CI: 1.51-40.82; P = 0.014), a post-stressor NT-proBNP ≥ 98.80 pg/mL had 35-fold increase (OR: 34.96; 95% CI: 3.72-328.50; P = 0.002), a rest SBP ≥ 129.50 mmHg had 11-fold increase (OR: 11.42; 95% CI: 1.21-108.17; P = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: The present study shows that CAD patients with higher hs-cTnI level, and/or greater NT-proBNP and/or SBP are at higher risk of suffering from MSIMI when compared with those without MSIMI, indicating that hs-cTnI, NT-proBNP, SBP might be potential predictors of MSIMI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Idoso , Ansiedade/sangue , Ansiedade/complicações , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Depressão/sangue , Depressão/complicações , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Razão de Chances , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue
4.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 158(2): 420-427.e1, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30459109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Increased uric acid and decreased lymphocyte count are common in elderly patients or those with heart failure, which were prognostic markers. We aimed to investigate the joint effect of uric acid and lymphocyte count for risk stratification in elderly patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing valve replacement surgery. METHODS: Uric acid to lymphocyte ratio was calculated as serum uric acid (mg/dL)/lymphocyte count (×109/L). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate the association of uric acid to lymphocyte ratio, with adverse events in 949 elderly patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing valve replacement surgery. For clinical use, the uric acid to lymphocyte ratio was classified into 3 groups by the tertile, and a cutoff was also selected according to the receiver operator characteristic curve. RESULTS: Uric acid to lymphocyte ratio produced relatively higher predictive value (area under the curve, 0.703; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.630-0.776; P < .001) than uric acid or lymphocyte count for in-hospital mortality, and the optimal cutoff was 3.7 (sensitivity, 82.1%; specificity, 52.4%). Uric acid to lymphocyte ratio was an independent predictor for in-hospital (adjusted odds ratio, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.07-1.29; P = .001) and 1-year mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.03-1.25; P = .010). The in-hospital mortality increased from the lowest to the highest uric acid to lymphocyte ratio tertile (P < .001) and significantly higher in patients with uric acid to lymphocyte ratio greater than 3.7 (P < .001). The cumulative 1-year postoperative mortality risk was significantly higher in patients with uric acid to lymphocyte ratio greater than 3.7 (P < .001) or upper uric acid to lymphocyte ratio tertile (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Uric acid to lymphocyte ratio, combining the effect of uric acid and lymphocyte count, produced more prognostic value in elderly patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing valve replacement surgery, which could be considered as a preoperative risk-stratified method.

5.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 55(3): 511-517, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30020427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It is common for patients with rheumatic heart disease to have an enlarged heart. We investigated the prognostic value of cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) in patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing valve replacement surgery. METHODS: A total of 1772 patients were divided into 4 groups based on the quartiles of preoperative CTR: <0.56 (n = 349), 0.56-0.61 (n = 488), 0.61-0.66 (n = 449) and ≥0.66 (n = 486). The CTR was measured from postero-anterior chest radiographs. We then investigated the association between the CTR and adverse outcomes. RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 4.0% (71/1772). Analyses of receiver operating characteristic curves showed that, at a cut-off of 0.6, the CTR exhibited 66.2% sensitivity and 64.0% specificity for detecting in-hospital death (area under curve 0.671, P < 0.001). The prevalence of in-hospital death was 7.1% in males with a CTR >0.6, which was significantly higher in males without a CTR. A similar result was observed in females (1.9 vs 5.1%, P = 0.004). Multivariable regression showed that a CTR >0.6 was an independent predictor of in-hospital (odds ratio 2.36, P = 0.005) and 1-year mortality (hazard ratio 2.06, P = 0.006). Kaplan-Meier curves, for the cumulative rate of 1-year mortality among groups, indicated that the risk of death was increased if the CTR >0.6 (log-rank 16.36, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CTR, as a simple and reproducible indicator, was identified as a prognostic factor for predicting poor outcomes in patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing valve replacement surgery.

6.
JAMA Intern Med ; 179(2): 186-194, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30592483

RESUMO

Importance: The association of parenteral anticoagulation therapy with improved outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome was previously established. This benefit has not been evaluated in the era of dual antiplatelet therapy and percutaneous coronary intervention. Objective: To evaluate the association between parenteral anticoagulation therapy and clinical outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 8197 adults who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014, at 5 medical centers in China. Patients receiving parenteral anticoagulation therapy only after percutaneous coronary intervention were excluded. Exposures: Parenteral anticoagulation therapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was in-hospital all-cause death and in-hospital major bleeding as defined by the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium definition (grades 3-5). Results: Of 6804 patients who met the final criteria, 5104 (75.0%) were male, with a mean (SD) age of 64.2 (10.4) years. The incidence of in-hospital death was not significantly different between the patients who received and did not receive parenteral anticoagulation therapy (0.3% vs 0.1%; P = .13) (adjusted odds ratio, 1.27; 95% CI, 0.38-4.27; P = .70). A similar result was found for myocardial infarction (0.3% vs 0.3%; P = .82) (adjusted odds ratio, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.29-2.07; P = .61). In-hospital major bleeding was more frequent in the parenteral anticoagulation group (2.5% vs 1.0%; P < .001) (adjusted odds ratio, 1.94; 95% CI, 1.24-3.03; P = .004). At a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 2.96 years (1.93-4.46 years), all-cause death was not significantly different between the 2 groups (adjusted hazards ratio, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.71-1.07; P = .19), but the incidence of major bleeding was higher in the parenteral anticoagulation group (adjusted hazards ratio, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.01-2.02; P = .04). The propensity score analysis confirmed these primary analyses. Conclusions and Relevance: In the patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome, parenteral anticoagulation therapy was not associated with a lower risk of all-cause death or myocardial infarction but was significantly associated with a higher risk of major bleeding. These findings raise important safety questions about the current practice of routine parenteral anticoagulation therapy while we await randomized trials of this practice.

8.
Nat Commun ; 8(1): 845, 2017 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29018189

RESUMO

The gut microbiota has been linked to cardiovascular diseases. However, the composition and functional capacity of the gut microbiome in relation to cardiovascular diseases have not been systematically examined. Here, we perform a metagenome-wide association study on stools from 218 individuals with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) and 187 healthy controls. The ACVD gut microbiome deviates from the healthy status by increased abundance of Enterobacteriaceae and Streptococcus spp. and, functionally, in the potential for metabolism or transport of several molecules important for cardiovascular health. Although drug treatment represents a confounding factor, ACVD status, and not current drug use, is the major distinguishing feature in this cohort. We identify common themes by comparison with gut microbiome data associated with other cardiometabolic diseases (obesity and type 2 diabetes), with liver cirrhosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Our data represent a comprehensive resource for further investigations on the role of the gut microbiome in promoting or preventing ACVD as well as other related diseases.The gut microbiota may play a role in cardiovascular diseases. Here, the authors perform a metagenome-wide association study on stools from individuals with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and healthy controls, identifying microbial strains and functions associated with the disease.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Metagenoma , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fermentação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Inflamação/microbiologia , Cirrose Hepática/microbiologia , Metagenômica
9.
Oncotarget ; 8(65): 109762-109771, 2017 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29312646

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of post-procedural early (within 24 h) increase in cystatin C for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) and all-cause mortality following coronary angiography or intervention. Methods: We prospectively investigated 1042 consecutive patients with both baseline and early post-procedural cystatin C measurement undergoing coronary angiography or intervention. CI-AKI was defined as an increase ≥0.3 mg/dL or >50% in serum creatinine from baseline within 48 h post-procedure. Mean follow-up was 2.26 years. Results: Overall, the patients had a CI-AKI incidence was 3.6% (38/1042), mean serum creatinine of 87 µmol/L. Compared with Mehran risk score, post-procedural early absolute increase (AUC: 0.584 vs. 0.706, P = 0.060) and relative increase (AUC: 0.585 vs. 0.706, P = 0.058) in cystatin C had poorer predictive value for CI-AKI. According to multivariate analysis, post-procedural significant early increase (≥0.3 mg/dL or ≥10%) in cystatin C developed in 231 patients (22.2%), was not independent predictor of CI-AKI (adjusted OR: 1.23, 95% CI, 0.56-2.69, P = 0.612), and long-term mortality (adjusted HR: 0.90; P = 0.838). Conclusions: Our data suggested post-procedural early increase (within 24 h) in cystatin C was not effective for predicting CI-AKI or all-cause mortality following coronary angiography or intervention among patients at relative low risk of CI-AKI, the negative finding of poor predictive value should be further evaluated in larger multicenter trials.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(50): e8460, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29390255

RESUMO

Most patients are discharged early (within 24 hours) after coronary angiography (CAG) and may miss identification the late (24-48 hours) increase in serum creatinine (SCr), whose characteristics and prognosis have been less intensively investigated.We prospectively recruited 3065 consecutive patients with SCr measurement, including only1344 patients with twice SCr measurement (both early and late). The late contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) was defined as significantly increase in SCr (≥0.3 mg/dL or ≥50%) not in early phase, but only in late phase after the procedure, and the early CI-AKI experienced a significantly increase in early phase.Overall, CI-AKI developed in 134 patients (10%), and the incidence of late and early CI-AKI were 3.6% and 6.4%, respectively. There were no difference in age, renal, and heart function, contrast volume among patients with late and early CI-AKI. With mean follow-up period of 2.45 years, long-term mortality (3 years, 29.7% and 35.6%, respectively, P = .553) was similar for patients with late and early CI-AKI. Cox analysis showed that both late (adjusted HR 2.05; 95% CI, 1.02-4.15) and early (adjusted HR 2.68; 95% CI, 1.57-4.59) CI-AKI was significantly associated with long-term mortality (all P < .001).Only late increase in SCr, as late CI-AKI, accounted for about one-third of CI-AKI incidence and has similar good predictive value for long-term mortality with that of an early increase, early CI-AKI, among patients with SCr measured twice, supporting the importance of late repeating SCr measurement after CAG, even without an early significant increase in SCr.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária , Creatinina/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Ai Zheng ; 27(11): 1217-21, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19000457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Although human pituitary tumor transforming gene 1 (hPTTG1) is overexpressed in malignant tumors such as colorectal cancer, its correlation to clinicopathologic parameters and its value in diagnosis and prognosis prediction of colorectal cancer are still not clear. We investigated the expression of hPTTG1 in colorectal cancer tissues, and elucidated its correlation to some clinicopathologic parameters of colorectal cancer. METHODS: The expression of hPTTG1 in 60 specimens of colorectal cancer and corresponding noncancerous tissues were examined with real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and its correlation to seven clinicopathologic parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: The mRNA level of hPTTG1 was significantly higher in colorectal cancer tissues than in corresponding noncancerous tissues (0.42+/-0.07 vs. 0.03+/-0.01, P<0.001), significantly higher in colorectal cancer tissues with serum CEA level of > 5 ng/mL than in those with CEA of < 5 ng/mL (22.79+/-7.42 vs. 9.34+/-2.61, P<0.001), significantly higher in colorectal cancer tissues with diameter of > or = 3.5 cm than in those with diameter of < 3.5 cm (15.80+/-8.80 vs. 10.91+/-5.22, P<0.05), significantly lower in Dukes'A, B tumors than in Dukes' C, D tumors (9.03+/-0.35 and 9.58+/-2.93 vs. 15.88+/-8.09 and 25.69+/-7.67, P<0.001), and significantly higher in colorectal cancer tissues with lymph node metastasis (17.63+/-8.47), liver metastasis (31.07+/-4.10) and other organ metastasis (22.78+/-6.39) than in those without metastasis (11.15+/-6.65) (P<0.001). hPTTG1 expression had no relationship with patients' age, sex and histological type (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: hPTTG1 is overexpressed in colorectal cancer. It is closely related to the progression of colorectal cancer, and may be helpful for prognosis prediction of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Retais/sangue , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Securina , Carga Tumoral
12.
Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao ; 25(7): 912-3, 2005 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16027098

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of palliative percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) and stenting in patients with serious coronary heart disease and renal arterial stenosis. METHODS: Thirty-four (23 male and 11 female) patients with a mean age of 61.0+/-11.8 years (ranging from 55 to 78 years) with serious coronary heart disease and renal arterial stenosis, who were unwilling or not suitable to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting, were enrolled in this study. All the cases underwent PTRA and were followed up for 17-53 months (average 35.0+/-9.3 months). The patients' renal and cardiac functions and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured in transthoracic echocardiography with the score of SF-36 Health Survey recorded. RESULTS: During the follow-up, the weekly incidence of angina pectoris reduced from 14.0+/-3.9 to 6.5+/-3.3 (P<0.01) and LVEF increased from (40.2+/-10.4)% to (45.3+/-7.8)% (P<0.05). The SF-36 scores were significantly improved from 56.5+/-8.0 to 80.1+/-16.8 (P<0.01), with also significant improvement in the subscales of health and daily activity, self-feeling, and general health. CONCLUSION: Palliative PTRA and stenting is feasible and necessary in elderly patients with serious coronary heart disease and renal arterial stenosis when percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft therapy is not possible.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/terapia , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/complicações , Stents
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