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1.
Muscle Nerve ; 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428982

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/AIMS: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a slowly progressive muscular dystrophy without approved therapies. In this study we evaluated whether locally acting ACE-083 could safely increase muscle volume and improve functional outcomes in adults with FSHD. METHODS: Participants were at least 18 years old and had FSHD1/FSHD2. Part 1 was open label, ascending dose, assessing safety and tolerability (primary objective). Part 2 was randomized, double-blind for 6 months, evaluating ACE-083240 mg/muscle vs placebo injected bilaterally every 3 weeks in the biceps brachii (BB) or tibialis anterior (TA) muscles, followed by 6 months of open label. Magnetic resonance imaging measures included total muscle volume (TMV; primary objective), fat fraction (FF), and contractile muscle volume (CMV). Functional measures included 6-minute walk test, 10-meter walk/run, and 4-stair climb (TA group), and performance of upper limb midlevel/elbow score (BB group). Strength, patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and safety were also evaluated. RESULTS: Parts 1 and 2 enrolled 37 and 58 participants, respectively. Among 55 participants evaluable in Part 2, the least-squares mean (90% confidence interval, analysis of covariance) treatment difference for TMV was 16.4% (9.8%-23.0%) in the BB group (P < .0001) and 9.5% (3.2%-15.9%) in the TA group (P = .01). CMV increased significantly in the BB and TA groups and FF decreased in the TA group. There were no consistent improvements in functional or PRO measures in either group. The most common adverse events were mild or moderate injection-site reactions. DISCUSSION: Significant increases in TMV with ACE-083 vs placebo did not result in consistent functional or PRO improvements with up to 12 months of treatment.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35253557

RESUMO

Objective: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a multi-system disorder characterized primarily by motor neuron degeneration, but may be accompanied by cognitive dysfunction. Statistically appropriate criteria for establishing cognitive impairment (CI) in ALS are lacking. We evaluate quantile regression (QR), that accounts for age and education, relative to a traditional two standard deviation (SD) cutoff for defining CI. Methods: QR of cross-sectional data from a multi-center North American Control (NAC) cohort of 269 healthy adults was used to model the 5th percentile of cognitive scores on the Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioral ALS Screen (ECAS). The QR approach was compared to traditional two SD cutoff approach using the same NAC cohort (2SD-NAC) and to existing UK-based normative data derived using the 2SD approach (2SD-UK) to assess the impact of cohort selection and statistical model in identifying CI in 182 ALS patients. Results: QR-NAC models revealed that age and education impact cognitive performance on the ECAS. Based on QR-NAC normative cutoffs, the frequency of CI in the 182 PENN ALS patients was 15.9% for ALS specific, 12.6% for ALS nonspecific, and 15.4% for ECAS total. This frequency of CI is substantially more conservative in comparison to the 2SD-UK (20.3%-34.6%) and modestly more conservative to the 2SD-NAC (14.3%-16.5%) approaches for estimating CI. Conclusions: The choice of normative cohort has a substantial impact and choice of statistical method a modest impact on defining CI in ALS. This report establishes normative ECAS thresholds to identify whether ALS patients in the North American population have CI.

3.
J Speech Lang Hear Res ; 65(3): 940-953, 2022 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35171700

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Oral diadochokinesis (DDK) is a standard dysarthria assessment task. To extract automatic and semi-automatic DDK measurements, numerous DDK analysis algorithms based on acoustic signal processing are available, including amplitude based, spectral based, and hybrid. However, these algorithms have been predominantly validated in individuals with no perceptible to mild dysarthria. The behavior of these algorithms across dysarthria severity is largely unknown. Likewise, these algorithms have not been tested equally for various syllable types. The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of five common DDK algorithms as a function of dysarthria severity, considering syllable types. METHOD: We analyzed 282 DDK recordings of /ba/, /pa/, and /ta/ from 145 participants with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Recordings were stratified into mild, moderate, or severe dysarthria groups based on individual performance on the Speech Intelligibility Test. Analysis included manual and automatic estimation of the number of syllables, DDK rate, and cycle-to-cycle temporal variability (cTV). Validation metrics included Bland-Altman mixed-effects limits of agreement between manual and automatic syllable counts, recall and precision between manual and automatic syllable boundary detection, and Kendall's tau-b correlations between manual and algorithm-detected DDK rate and cTV. RESULTS: The amplitude-based algorithm (absolute energy) yielded the strongest correlations with manual analysis across all severity groups for DDK rate (τ b = 0.7-0.84) and cTV (τ b = 0.7-0.84) and the narrowest limits of agreement (-5.92 to 7.12 syllable difference). Moreover, this algorithm also provided the highest mean recall and precision across severity groups for /ba/ and /pa/, but with significantly more variation for/ta/. CONCLUSIONS: Algorithms based on signal energy analysis appeared to be the most robust for DDK analysis across dysarthria severity and syllable types; however, it remains prone to error against severe dysarthria and alveolar syllable context. Further development is needed to address this important issue.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Disartria , Acústica , Algoritmos , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/complicações , Disartria/diagnóstico , Disartria/etiologia , Humanos , Medida da Produção da Fala/métodos
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35195049

RESUMO

The absence of disease modifying treatments for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is in large part a consequence of its complexity and heterogeneity. Deep clinical and biological phenotyping of people living with ALS would assist in the development of effective treatments and target specific biomarkers to monitor disease progression and inform on treatment efficacy. The objective of this paper is to present the Comprehensive Analysis Platform To Understand Remedy and Eliminate ALS (CAPTURE ALS), an open and translational platform for the scientific community currently in development. CAPTURE ALS is a Canadian-based platform designed to include participants' voices in its development and through execution. Standardized methods will be used to longitudinally characterize ALS patients and healthy controls through deep clinical phenotyping, neuroimaging, neurocognitive and speech assessments, genotyping and multisource biospecimen collection. This effort plugs into complementary Canadian and international initiatives to share common resources. Here, we describe in detail the infrastructure, operating procedures, and long-term vision of CAPTURE ALS to facilitate and accelerate translational ALS research in Canada and beyond.

6.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 9(1): 50-66, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35014217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Dual leucine zipper kinase (DLK), which regulates the c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway involved in axon degeneration and apoptosis following neuronal injury, is a potential therapeutic target in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This first-in-human study investigated safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of oral GDC-0134, a small-molecule DLK inhibitor. Plasma neurofilament light chain (NFL) levels were explored in GDC-0134-treated ALS patients and DLK conditional knockout (cKO) mice. METHODS: The study included placebo-controlled, single and multiple ascending-dose (SAD; MAD) stages, and an open-label safety expansion (OLE) with adaptive dosing for up to 48 weeks. RESULTS: Forty-nine patients were enrolled. GDC-0134 (up to 1200 mg daily) was well tolerated in the SAD and MAD stages, with no serious adverse events (SAEs). In the OLE, three study drug-related SAEs occurred: thrombocytopenia, dysesthesia (both Grade 3), and optic ischemic neuropathy (Grade 4); Grade ≤2 sensory neurological AEs led to dose reductions/discontinuations. GDC-0134 exposure was dose-proportional (median half-life = 84 h). Patients showed GDC-0134 exposure-dependent plasma NFL elevations; DLK cKO mice also exhibited plasma NFL compared to wild-type littermates. INTERPRETATION: This trial characterized GDC-0134 safety and PK, but no adequately tolerated dose was identified. NFL elevations in GDC-0134-treated patients and DLK cKO mice raised questions about interpretation of biomarkers affected by both disease and on-target drug effects. The safety profile of GDC-0134 was considered unacceptable and led to discontinuation of further drug development for ALS. Further work is necessary to understand relationships between neuroprotective and potentially therapeutic effects of DLK knockout/inhibition and NFL changes in patients with ALS.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamento farmacológico , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/sangue , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/sangue , Animais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/deficiência , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética
7.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 43(5): 1519-1534, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908212

RESUMO

Progressive cerebral degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) remains poorly understood. Here, three-dimensional (3D) texture analysis was used to study longitudinal gray and white matter cerebral degeneration in ALS from routine T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Participants were included from the Canadian ALS Neuroimaging Consortium (CALSNIC) who underwent up to three clinical assessments and MRI at four-month intervals, up to 8 months after baseline (T0 ). Three-dimensional maps of the texture feature autocorrelation were computed from T1-weighted images. One hundred and nineteen controls and 137 ALS patients were included, with 81 controls and 84 ALS patients returning for at least one follow-up. At baseline, texture changes in ALS patients were detected in the motor cortex, corticospinal tract, insular cortex, and bilateral frontal and temporal white matter compared to controls. Longitudinal comparison of texture maps between T0 and Tmax (last follow-up visit) within ALS patients showed progressive texture alterations in the temporal white matter, insula, and internal capsule. Additionally, when compared to controls, ALS patients had greater texture changes in the frontal and temporal structures at Tmax than at T0 . In subgroup analysis, slow progressing ALS patients had greater progressive texture change in the internal capsule than the fast progressing patients. Contrastingly, fast progressing patients had greater progressive texture changes in the precentral gyrus. These findings suggest that the characteristic longitudinal gray matter pathology in ALS is the progressive involvement of frontotemporal regions rather than a worsening pathology within the motor cortex, and that phenotypic variability is associated with distinct progressive spatial pathology.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Substância Branca , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/diagnóstico por imagem , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Canadá , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Branca/patologia
8.
Can J Neurol Sci ; : 1-9, 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34895385

RESUMO

The complement system is a tightly controlled signaling network that plays a role in innate immune surveillance. However, abnormal signaling through this pathway contributes to tissue damage in several inflammatory, autoimmune, and degenerative diseases. Myasthenia gravis (MG) and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) have complement dysfunction at the core of pathogenesis, providing a strong rationale for therapeutic targeting of complement components. The purpose of this paper is to briefly review the role of complement activation in the pathogenesis of MG and NMOSD, to discuss the rationale and evidence for complement inhibition as a method to manage these diseases, and to provide a Canadian perspective on the use of complement inhibition therapy through real-world cases of MG and NMOSD.

10.
Neurodegener Dis Manag ; 11(6): 431-443, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816762

RESUMO

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with motor neuron loss as a defining feature. Despite significant effort, therapeutic breakthroughs have been modest. MN-166 (ibudilast) has demonstrated neuroprotective action by various mechanisms: inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines and macrophage migration inhibitory factor, phosphodiesterase inhibition, and attenuation of glial cell activation in models of ALS. Early-phase studies suggest that MN-166 may improve survival outcomes and slow disease progression in patients with ALS. This article describes the rationale and design of COMBAT-ALS, an ongoing randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter Phase IIb/III study in ALS. This study is designed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability and assess the efficacy of MN-166 on function, muscle strength, quality of life and survival in ALS.


Lay abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurological disease defined by the loss of the nerve cells going to the muscles. Despite significant effort, we still do not have good treatments for ALS. MN-166 (ibudilast) can protect nerve cells by calming inflammation in several ways in models of ALS. Early human studies suggest that MN-166 may extend life and slow disease progression in ALS patients. This article describes the rationale and design of COMBAT-ALS, an ongoing randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter Phase IIb/III study. This study will show the drug's safety and tolerability and its effects on physical function, muscle strength, quality of life and survival in people living with ALS. Trial registration number: NCT04057898 (ClinicalTrial.gov).


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Piridinas , Qualidade de Vida
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569363

RESUMO

Objective: To understand current genetic testing practices at Canadian ALS clinics. Methods: An online survey and phone interviews, with clinicians practicing in 27 ALS clinics in Canada, were employed to collect data. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted. Results: Ninety-three percent (25/27) of ALS clinics in Canada are routinely ordering genetic testing for familial ALS, while 33% (9/27) of clinics are routinely ordering genetic testing for sporadic ALS. Barriers to genetic testing include a perceived lack of an impact on treatment plan, difficulty in obtaining approvals, primarily from provincial Ministries of Health, and limited access to genetic counseling. Predictive testing practices were found to be the most variable across the country. The average wait time for a symptomatic patient living with ALS to see a genetic counselor in Canada is 10 months (range 0-36 months). Conclusions: Access to genetic testing, and testing practices, vary greatly across Canadian ALS clinics. There may be patients with a monogenetic etiology to their ALS who are not being identified given that genetic testing for patients diagnosed with ALS is not routinely performed at all clinics. This study highlights potential inequities for patients with ALS that can arise from variability in health care delivery across jurisdictions, in a federally-funded, but provincially-regulated, health care system. Clinical trials for both symptomatic ALS patients and pre-symptomatic ALS gene carriers are ongoing, and ALS clinicians in Canada are motivated to improve access to genetic testing for ALS.

12.
Lancet Neurol ; 20(10): 821-831, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an urgent unmet need for new therapies in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In a clinical study with healthy volunteers, levosimendan, a calcium sensitiser, was shown to improve neuromechanical efficiency and contractile function of the human diaphragm. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral levosimendan in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, with a focus on respiratory function. METHODS: The REFALS study is a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial at 99 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis specialist centres in 14 countries worldwide. People with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were eligible for participation if they were at least 18 years of age and had a sitting slow vital capacity (SVC) of 60-90% predicted. Participants were randomly assigned (2:1) by interactive web-response system to receive either levosimendan or placebo. The capsules for oral administration were identical in appearance to maintain blinding of participants and investigators. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline in supine SVC at 12 weeks, assessed as the percentage of predicted normal sitting SVC. The key secondary endpoint was the combined assessment of function and survival (CAFS) up to 48 weeks. Analyses were done in the intention-to-treat population, comprising all participants who were randomly assigned. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03505021) and has been completed. An extension study (REFALS-ES; NCT03948178) has also been completed, but will be reported separately. FINDINGS: Between June 21, 2018, and June 28, 2019, 871 people were screened for the study, of whom 496 were randomly assigned either levosimendan (n=329) or placebo (n=167). Participants were followed up between June 27, 2018 and June 26, 2020, for a median duration of 50·1 (IQR 37·5-51·1) weeks. The median duration of treatment was 47·9 (IQR 26·4-48·1) weeks. Change from baseline in supine SVC at 12 weeks was -6·73% with levosimendan and -6·99% with placebo, with no significant difference between the treatments (estimated treatment difference 0·26%, 95% CI -2·03 to 2·55, p=0·83). Similarly, at week 48, CAFS did not differ between treatment groups (least squares mean change from baseline 10·69, 95% CI -15·74 to 37·12; nominal p value=0·43). The most frequent adverse events were increased heart rate (106 [33%] of 326 receiving levosimendan vs 12 [7%] of 166 receiving placebo), fall (85 [26%] vs 48 [29%]), headache (93 [29%] vs 36 [22%]), and dyspnoea (59 [18%] vs 32 [19%]). 33 (10%) participants allocated levosimendan and 20 (12%) assigned placebo died during the trial, mainly due to respiratory failure or progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. INTERPRETATION: Levosimendan was not superior to placebo in maintaining respiratory function in a broad population with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Although levosimendan was generally well tolerated, increased heart rate and headache occurred more frequently with levosimendan than with placebo. The possibility of a clinically relevant subgroup of responsive individuals requires further evaluation. FUNDING: Orion Corporation.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Administração Oral , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Simendana/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(9): e28766, 2021 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550089

RESUMO

Despite recent and potent technological advances, the real-world implementation of remote digital health technology in the care and monitoring of patients with motor neuron disease has not yet been realized. Digital health technology may increase the accessibility to and personalization of care, whereas remote biosensors could optimize the collection of vital clinical parameters, irrespective of patients' ability to visit the clinic. To facilitate the wide-scale adoption of digital health care technology and to align current initiatives, we outline a road map that will identify clinically relevant digital parameters; mediate the development of benefit-to-burden criteria for innovative technology; and direct the validation, harmonization, and adoption of digital health care technology in real-world settings. We define two key end products of the road map: (1) a set of reliable digital parameters to capture data collected under free-living conditions that reflect patient-centric measures and facilitate clinical decision making and (2) an integrated, open-source system that provides personalized feedback to patients, health care providers, clinical researchers, and caregivers and is linked to a flexible and adaptable platform that integrates patient data in real time. Given the ever-changing care needs of patients and the relentless progression rate of motor neuron disease, the adoption of digital health care technology will significantly benefit the delivery of care and accelerate the development of effective treatments.


Assuntos
Doença dos Neurônios Motores , Tecnologia Biomédica , Cuidadores , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/diagnóstico , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/terapia , Tecnologia
14.
Neurol Clin Pract ; 11(4): e472-e479, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify putative biomarkers that may serve as quantifiable, biological, nonclinical measures of the pharmacodynamic effect of edaravone in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to report real-world treatment outcomes. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational, longitudinal, multicenter (up to 40 sites) US study (Clinicaltrials.gov; NCT04259255) with at least 200 patients with ALS who will receive edaravone for 24 weeks (6 cycles; Food and Drug Administration-approved regimen). All participants must either be treatment naive for edaravone or be more than 1 month without receiving any edaravone dose before screening. Biomarker quantification and other assessments will be performed at baseline (before cycle 1) and during cycles 1, 3, and 6. Selected biomarkers of oxidative stress, inflammation, neuronal injury and death, and muscle injury, as well as biomarker discovery panels (EpiSwitch and SOMAscan), will be evaluated and, when feasible, compared with biobanked samples. Clinical efficacy assessments will include the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised, King's clinical staging, ALS Assessment Questionnaire-40, Appel ALS Score (Rating Scale), slow vital capacity, hand-held dynamometry and grip strength, and time to specified states of disease progression or death. DNA samples will also be collected for potential genomic evaluation. The predicted rates of progression and survival, and their potential correlations with biomarkers, will be evaluated. Adverse events related to the study will be reported. RESULTS: The study is estimated to be completed in 2022 with an interim analysis planned. CONCLUSIONS: Findings may help to further the understanding of the pharmacodynamic effect of edaravone, including changes in biomarkers, in response to treatment.

15.
Muscle Nerve ; 64(5): 532-537, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378224

RESUMO

Diagnostic criteria for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are complex, incorporating multiple levels of certainty from possible through to definite, and are thereby prone to error. Specifically, interrater variability was previously established to be poor, thereby limiting utility as diagnostic enrollment criteria for clinical trials. In addition, the different levels of diagnostic certainty do not necessarily reflect disease progression, adding confusion to the diagnostic algorithm. Realizing these inherent limitations, the World Federation of Neurology, the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, the International Alliance of ALS/MND Associations, the ALS Association (United States), and the Motor Neuron Disease Association convened a consensus meeting (Gold Coast, Australia, 2019) to consider the development of simpler criteria that better reflect clinical practice, and that could merge diagnostic categories into a single entity. The diagnostic accuracy of the novel Gold Coast criteria was subsequently interrogated through a large cross-sectional study, which established an increased sensitivity for ALS diagnosis when compared with previous criteria. Diagnostic accuracy was maintained irrespective of disease duration, functional status, or site of disease onset. Importantly, the Gold Coast criteria differentiated atypical phenotypes, such as primary lateral sclerosis, from the more typical ALS phenotype. It is proposed that the Gold Coast criteria should be incorporated into routine practice and clinical trial settings.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Doença dos Neurônios Motores , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamento farmacológico , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/terapia , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Gana , Humanos , Doença dos Neurônios Motores/diagnóstico
16.
Neurology ; 97(8): e803-e813, 2021 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate progressive cerebral degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by assessing alterations in N-acetylaspartate (NAA) ratios in the motor and prefrontal cortex within clinical subgroups of ALS. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with ALS and 59 healthy controls were enrolled in a prospective, longitudinal, multicenter study in the Canadian ALS Neuroimaging Consortium. Participants underwent serial clinical evaluations and magnetic resonance spectroscopy at baseline and 4 and 8 months using a harmonized protocol across 5 centers. NAA ratios were quantified in the motor cortex and prefrontal cortex. Patients were stratified into subgroups based on disease progression rate, upper motor neuron (UMN) signs, and cognitive status. Linear mixed models were used for baseline and longitudinal comparisons of NAA metabolite ratios. RESULTS: Patients with ALS had reduced NAA ratios in the motor cortex at baseline (p < 0.001). Ratios were lower in those with more rapid disease progression and greater UMN signs (p < 0.05). A longitudinal decline in NAA ratios was observed in the motor cortex in the rapidly progressing (p < 0.01) and high UMN burden (p < 0.01) cohorts. The severity of UMN signs did not change significantly over time. NAA ratios were reduced in the prefrontal cortex only in cognitively impaired patients (p < 0.05); prefrontal cortex metabolites did not change over time. CONCLUSIONS: Progressive degeneration of the motor cortex in ALS is associated with more aggressive clinical presentations. These findings provide biological evidence of variable spatial and temporal cerebral degeneration linked to the disease heterogeneity of ALS. The use of standardized imaging protocols may have a role in clinical trials for patient selection or subgrouping. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class II evidence that MRS NAA metabolite ratios of the motor cortex are associated with more rapid disease progression and greater UMN signs in patients with ALS. TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02405182.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Ácido Aspártico/análogos & derivados , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Córtex Motor/metabolismo , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/complicações , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/diagnóstico por imagem , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Ácido Aspártico/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Córtex Motor/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Motor/patologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Pré-Frontal/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218726

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the possible effect of reldesemtiv, a fast skeletal muscle troponin activator, on prescription and acceptance of durable medical equipment (DME) in the FORTITUDE-ALS trial. Methods: Health economic outcome information was collected in FORTITUDE-ALS (NCT03160898); sites recorded if and when DME, specifically manual or power wheelchairs, gastrostomy tubes, noninvasive ventilators, or augmentative language devices, was prescribed by a physician and accepted by the patient (DME-PAP) during the trial. Acceptance was defined as the patient agreeing the item was needed. Cox regression analysis compared time to DME-PAP for each reldesemtiv dose with placebo. Post hoc analyses evaluated all reldesemtiv doses compared with placebo. Results: At least one DME item was prescribed and accepted by 33/114 (28.9%) of placebo patients, 19/112 (17.0%) of patients receiving reldesemtiv 150 mg bid, 24/113 (21.2%) receiving 300 mg bid, and 29/117 (24.8%) receiving 450 mg bid. The proportion of new DME-PAP was significantly lower in patients receiving reldesemtiv 150 mg bid vs placebo (17.0% vs 28.9%, p = 0.032). The hazard ratio versus placebo for accepting at least one DME item for all reldesemtiv doses combined was 0.61 (confidence interval: 0.39, 0.96, p = 0.032). 25% of placebo patients were prescribed and agreed to obtain a DME item by 84 days; this threshold was met for reldesemtiv-treated patients at 120 days. Conclusions: Results suggest ALS patients receiving reldesemtiv may have lower risk of and delayed need for DME related to impaired mobility, breathing, swallowing, or speaking; this delay is consistent with other measures indicating delay in disease progression.

18.
Neuroinformatics ; 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003431

RESUMO

In January 2016, the Montreal Neurological Institute-Hospital (The Neuro) declared itself an Open Science organization. This vision extends beyond efforts by individual scientists seeking to release individual datasets, software tools, or building platforms that provide for the free dissemination of such information. It involves multiple stakeholders and an infrastructure that considers governance, ethics, computational resourcing, physical design, workflows, training, education, and intra-institutional reporting structures. The C-BIG repository was built in response as The Neuro's institutional biospecimen and clinical data repository, and collects biospecimens as well as clinical, imaging, and genetic data from patients with neurological disease and healthy controls. It is aimed at helping scientific investigators, in both academia and industry, advance our understanding of neurological diseases and accelerate the development of treatments. As many neurological diseases are quite rare, they present several challenges to researchers due to their small patient populations. Overcoming these challenges required the aggregation of datasets from various projects and locations. The C-BIG repository achieves this goal and stands as a scalable working model for institutions to collect, track, curate, archive, and disseminate multimodal data from patients. In November 2020, a Registered Access layer was made available to the wider research community at https://cbigr-open.loris.ca , and in May 2021 fully open data will be released to complement the Registered Access data. This article outlines many of the aspects of The Neuro's transition to Open Science by describing the data to be released, C-BIG's full capabilities, and the design aspects that were implemented for effective data sharing.

19.
J Neuromuscul Dis ; 8(4): 579-588, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33867362

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a rare disease that affects 1 in 11 000 live births. Recent developments in SMA treatments have included new disease-modifying therapies that require high quality data to inform decisions around initiation and continuation of therapy. In Canada, there are no nationally agreed upon outcome measures (OM) used in adult SMA. Standardization of OM is essential to obtain high quality data that is comparable among neuromuscular clinics. OBJECTIVE: To develop a recommended toolkit and timing of OM for assessment of adults with SMA. METHODS: A modified delphi method consisting of 2 virtual voting rounds followed by a virtual conference was utilized with a panel of expert clinicians treating adult SMA across Canada. RESULTS: A consensus-derived toolkit of 8 OM was developed across three domains of function, with an additional 3 optional measures. Optimal assessment frequency is 12 months for most patients regardless of therapeutic access, while patients in their first year of receiving disease-modifying therapy should be assessed more frequently. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of the consensus-derived OM toolkit will improve monitoring and assessment of adult SMA patients, and enrich the quality of real-world evidence. Regular updates to the toolkit must be considered as new evidence becomes available.


Assuntos
Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/terapia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Canadá , Humanos
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