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1.
ACS Omega ; 7(32): 28658-28666, 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35990419

RESUMO

Laser-power-limiting devices play a predominant role in photonics because of their potential for protecting human eyes and optical devices that are sensitive to intense laser beams. This paper describes a new methodology for predicting the efficiency of optical limiting based on electric-field-induced changes in absorption spectra calculated with the TDDFT quantum-chemical method. Analytical equations are derived to evaluate the optical thresholds and speed of switching on, the dynamic range, and the degree of nonlinear attenuation of the radiation fluxes for the case of two-photon absorption. Thus, the researcher does not need to conduct costly experiments to evaluate the suitability of nonlinear absorbers for the creation of optical limiters. The possibility of developing a forecasting model is demonstrated by an example of a series of stable slipped-cofacial phthalocyanine J-type dimers, which were synthesized and investigated previously.

2.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(16)2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014677

RESUMO

A technology for the formation and bonding with a substrate of hybrid carbon nanostructures from single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) by laser radiation is proposed. Molecular dynamics modeling by the real-time time-dependent density functional tight-binding (TD-DFTB) method made it possible to reveal the mechanism of field emission centers formation in carbon nanostructures layers. Laser radiation stimulates the formation of graphene-nanotube covalent contacts and also induces a dipole moment of hybrid nanostructures, which ensures their orientation along the force lines of the radiation field. The main mechanical and emission characteristics of the formed hybrid nanostructures were determined. By Raman spectroscopy, the effect of laser radiation energy on the defectiveness of all types of layers formed from nanostructures was determined. Laser exposure increased the hardness of all samples more than twice. Maximum hardness was obtained for hybrid nanostructure with a buffer layer (bl) of rGO and the main layer of SWCNT-rGO(bl)-SWCNT and was 54.4 GPa. In addition, the adhesion of rGO to the substrate and electron transport between the substrate and rGO(bl)-SWCNT increased. The rGO(bl)-SWCNT cathode with an area of ~1 mm2 showed a field emission current density of 562 mA/cm2 and stability for 9 h at a current of 1 mA. The developed technology for the formation of hybrid nanostructures can be used both to create high-performance and stable field emission cathodes and in other applications where nanomaterials coating with good adhesion, strength, and electrical conductivity is required.

3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(13)2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35808110

RESUMO

Unlike traditional actuators, such as piezoelectric ceramic or metallic actuators, polymer actuators are currently attracting more interest in biomedicine due to their unique properties, such as light weight, easy processing, biodegradability, fast response, large active strains, and good mechanical properties. They can be actuated under external stimuli, such as chemical (pH changes), electric, humidity, light, temperature, and magnetic field. Electroactive polymers (EAPs), called 'artificial muscles', can be activated by an electric stimulus, and fixed into a temporary shape. Restoring their permanent shape after the release of an electrical field, electroactive polymer is considered the most attractive actuator type because of its high suitability for prosthetics and soft robotics applications. However, robust control, modeling non-linear behavior, and scalable fabrication are considered the most critical challenges for applying the soft robotic systems in real conditions. Researchers from around the world investigate the scientific and engineering foundations of polymer actuators, especially the principles of their work, for the purpose of a better control of their capability and durability. The activation method of actuators and the realization of required mechanical properties are the main restrictions on using actuators in real applications. The latest highlights, operating principles, perspectives, and challenges of electroactive materials (EAPs) such as dielectric EAPs, ferroelectric polymers, electrostrictive graft elastomers, liquid crystal elastomers, ionic gels, and ionic polymer-metal composites are reviewed in this article.

4.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 9(6)2022 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735481

RESUMO

Laser soldering is a current biophotonic technique for the surgical recovery of the integrity of soft tissues. This technology involves the use of a device providing laser exposure to the cut edges of the wound with a solder applied. The proposed solder consisted of an aqueous dispersion of biopolymer albumin (25 wt.%), single-walled carbon nanotubes (0.1 wt.%) and exogenous indocyanine green chromophore (0.1 wt.%). Under laser exposure, the dispersion transforms into a nanocomposite due to the absorption of radiation and its conversion into heat. The nanocomposite is a frame structure of carbon nanotubes in a biopolymer matrix, which provides adhesion of the wound edges and the formation of a strong laser weld. A new laser device based on a diode laser (808 nm) has been developed to implement the method. The device has a temperature feedback system based on a bolometric infrared matrix sensor. The system determines the hottest area of the laser weld and adjusts the current supplied to the diode laser to maintain the preset laser heating temperature. The laser soldering technology made it possible to heal linear defects (cuts) in the skin of laboratory animals (rabbits) without the formation of a fibrotic scar compared to the control (suture material). The combined use of a biopolymer nanocomposite solder and a laser device made it possible to achieve a tensile strength of the laser welds of 4 ± 0.4 MPa. The results of the experiment demonstrated that the addition of single-walled carbon nanotubes to the solder composition leads to an increase in the ultimate tensile strength of the laser welds by 80%. The analysis of regenerative and morphological features in the early stages (1-3 days) after surgery revealed small wound gaps, a decrease in inflammation, the absence of microcirculatory disorders and an earlier epithelization of laser welds compared to the control. On the 10th day after the surgical operation, the laser weld was characterized by a thin cosmetic scar and a continuous epidermis covering the defect. An immunohistochemical analysis proved the absence of myofibroblasts in the area of the laser welds.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567036

RESUMO

Successful formation of electronic interfaces between living cells and electronic components requires both good cell viability and performance level. This paper presents a technology for the formation of nanostructured arrays of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) in biopolymer (albumin) layer for higher biocompatibility. The layer of liquid albumin dispersion was sprayed on synthesized MWCNT arrays by deposition system. These nanostructures were engineered using the nanosecond pulsed laser radiation mapping in the near-IR spectral range (λ = 1064 nm). It was determined that the energy density of 0.015 J/cm2 provided a sufficient structuring of MWCNT. The structuring effect occurred during the formation of C-C bonds simultaneously with the formation of a cellular structure of nanotubes in the albumin matrix. It led to a decrease in the nanotube defectiveness, which was observed during the Raman spectroscopy. In addition, laser structuring led to a more than twofold increase in the electrical conductivity of MWCNT arrays with albumin (215.8 ± 10 S/m). Successful electric stimulation of cells on the interfaces with the system based on a culture plate was performed, resulting in the enhanced cell proliferation. Overall, the MWCNT laser-structured arrays with biopolymers might be a promising material for extended biomedical applications.

6.
Bioengineering (Basel) ; 9(1)2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35049745

RESUMO

This article describes the manufacturing technology of biocompatible flexible strain-sensitive sensor based on Ecoflex silicone and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). The sensor demonstrates resistive behavior. Structural, electrical, and mechanical characteristics are compared. It is shown that laser radiation significantly reduces the resistance of the material. Through laser radiation, electrically conductive networks of MWCNT are formed in a silicone matrix. The developed sensor demonstrates highly sensitive characteristics: gauge factor at 100% elongation -4.9, gauge factor at 90° bending -0.9%/deg, stretchability up to 725%, tensile strength 0.7 MPa, modulus of elasticity at 100% 46 kPa, and the temperature coefficient of resistance in the range of 30-40 °C is -2 × 10-3. There is a linear sensor response (with 1 ms response time) with a low hysteresis of ≤3%. An electronic unit for reading and processing sensor signals based on the ATXMEGA8E5-AU microcontroller has been developed. The unit was set to operate the sensor in the range of electrical resistance 5-150 kOhm. The Bluetooth module made it possible to transfer the received data to a personal computer. Currently, in the field of wearable technologies and health monitoring, a vital need is the development of flexible sensors attached to the human body to track various indicators. By integrating the sensor with the joints of the human hand, effective movement sensing has been demonstrated.

7.
Biomimetics (Basel) ; 6(4)2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34842608

RESUMO

Multifunctional biomaterials can pave a way to novel types of micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems providing benefits in mimicking of biological functions in implantable, wearable structures. The production of biocomposites that hold both superior electrical and mechanical properties is still a challenging task. In this study, we aim to fabricate 3D printed hydrogel from a biocomposite of bovine serum albumin with graphene oxide (BSA@GO) using femtosecond laser processing. We have developed the method for functional BSA@GO composite nanostructuring based on both two-photon polymerization of nanofilaments and direct laser writing. The atomic-force microscopy was used to probe local electrical and mechanical properties of hydrogel BSA@GO nanowires. The improved local mechanical properties demonstrate synergistic effect in interaction of femtosecond laser pulses and novel composite structure.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443706

RESUMO

A technology for the formation of electrically conductive nanostructures from single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), and their hybrids with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) on Si substrate has been developed. Under the action of single pulses of laser irradiation, nanowelding of SWCNT and MWCNT nanotubes with graphene sheets was obtained. Dependences of electromagnetic wave absorption by films of short and long nanotubes with subnanometer and nanometer diameters on wavelength are calculated. It was determined from dependences that absorption maxima of various types of nanotubes are in the wavelength region of about 266 nm. It was found that contact between nanotube and graphene was formed in time up to 400 fs. Formation of networks of SWCNT/MWCNT and their hybrids with rGO at threshold energy densities of 0.3/0.5 J/cm2 is shown. With an increase in energy density above the threshold value, formation of amorphous carbon nanoinclusions on the surface of nanotubes was demonstrated. For all films, except the MWCNT film, an increase in defectiveness after laser irradiation was obtained, which is associated with appearance of C-C bonds with neighboring nanotubes or graphene sheets. CNTs played the role of bridges connecting graphene sheets. Laser-synthesized hybrid nanostructures demonstrated the highest hardness compared to pure nanotubes. Maximum hardness (52.7 GPa) was obtained for MWCNT/rGO topology. Regularity of an increase in electrical conductivity of nanostructures after laser irradiation has been established for films made of all nanomaterials. Hybrid structures of nanotubes and graphene sheets have the highest electrical conductivity compared to networks of pure nanotubes. Maximum electrical conductivity was obtained for MWCNT/rGO hybrid structure (~22.6 kS/m). Networks of nanotubes and CNT/rGO hybrids can be used to form strong electrically conductive interconnections in nanoelectronics, as well as to create components for flexible electronics and bioelectronics, including intelligent wearable devices (IWDs).

9.
Int J Bioprint ; 6(3): 275, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088987

RESUMO

The aim of the study was the development of three-dimensional (3D) printed gene-activated implants based on octacalcium phosphate (OCP) and plasmid DNA encoding VEGFA. The first objective of the present work involved design and fabrication of gene-activated bone substitutes based on the OCP and plasmid DNA with VEGFA gene using 3D printing approach of ceramic constructs, providing the control of its architectonics compliance to the initial digital models. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and compressive strength analyses were applied to investigate the chemical composition, microstructure, and mechanical properties of the experimental samples. The biodegradation rate and the efficacy of plasmid DNA delivery in vivo were assessed during standard tests with subcutaneous implantation to rodents in the next stage. The final part of the study involved substitution of segmental tibia and mandibular defects in adult pigs with 3D printed gene-activated implants. Biodegradation, osteointegration, and effectiveness of a reparative osteogenesis were evaluated with computerized tomography, SEM, and a histological examination. The combination of gene therapy and 3D printed implants manifested the significant clinical potential for effective bone regeneration in large/critical size defect cases.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(17)2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859107

RESUMO

The coating formation technique for artificial knee ligaments was proposed, which provided tight fixation of ligaments of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fibers as a result of the healing of the bone channel in the short-term period after implantation. The coating is a frame structure of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) in a collagen matrix, which is formed by layer-by-layer solidification of an aqueous dispersion of SWCNT with collagen during spin coating and controlled irradiation with IR radiation. Quantum mechanical method SCC DFTB, with a self-consistent charge, was used. It is based on the density functional theory and the tight-binding approximation. The method established the optimal temperature and time for the formation of the equilibrium configurations of the SWCNT/collagen type II complexes to ensure maximum binding energies between the nanotube and the collagen. The highest binding energies were observed in complexes with SWCNT nanometer diameter in comparison with subnanometer SWCNT. The coating had a porous structure-pore size was 0.5-6 µm. The process of reducing the mass and volume of the coating with the initial biodegradation of collagen after contact with blood plasma was demonstrated. This is proved by exceeding the intensity of the SWCNT peaks G and D after contact with the blood serum in the Raman spectrum and by decreasing the intensity of the main collagen bands in the SWCNT/collagen complex frame coating. The number of pores and their size increased to 20 µm. The modification of the PET tape with the SWCNT/collagen coating allowed to increase its hydrophilicity by 1.7 times compared to the original PET fibers and by 1.3 times compared to the collagen coating. A reduced hemolysis level of the PET tape coated with SWCNT/collagen was achieved. The SWCNT/collagen coating provided 2.2 times less hemolysis than an uncoated PET implant. MicroCT showed the effective formation of new bone and dense connective tissue around the implant. A decrease in channel diameter from 2.5 to 1.7 mm was detected at three and, especially, six months after implantation of a PET tape with SWCNT/collagen coating. MicroCT allowed us to identify areas for histological sections, which demonstrated the favorable interaction of the PET tape with the surrounding tissues. In the case of using the PET tape coated with SWCNT/collagen, more active growth of connective tissue with mature collagen fibers in the area of implantation was observed than in the case of only collagen coating. The stimulating effect of SWCNT/collagen on the formation of bone trabeculae around and inside the PET tape was evident in three and six months after implantation. Thus, a PET tape with SWCNT/collagen coating has osteoconductivity as well as a high level of hydrophilicity and hemocompatibility.


Assuntos
Osso Esponjoso/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno/farmacologia , Ligamentos/transplante , Polietilenotereftalatos/química , Animais , Bioprótese , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Osso Esponjoso/cirurgia , Colágeno/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Teoria Quântica , Coelhos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Anal Biochem ; 598: 113710, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268126

RESUMO

Biopolymer composites based on two types of chitosan (chitosan succinate and low-molecular weight chitosan) with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) were created by laser printing. SWCNT have good dispersibility in chitosan solutions and therefore, can form relatively homogeneous films that was shown in scanning electron microscopy images. For the studies film composites were formed under the action of laser radiation on aqueous dispersion media. Study of the nonlinear optical process during the interaction of laser radiation with a disperse media has shown that low-molecular chitosan has a large nonlinear absorption coefficient of 17 cm/GW, while the addition of SWCNT lead to a significant increase up to 902 cm/GW. The threshold intensity for these samples was 5.5 MW/cm2 with nanotubes. If intensity exceeds the threshold value, nonlinear effects occur, which, in turn, lead to the transformation of a liquid into a solid phase. Characterization of films by FTIR and Raman spectroscopy indicated arising molecular interactions between chitosan and SWCNT detected as a small frequency shift and a change in the shape of radial breathing mode (RBM). The results indicate the possibility using aqueous dispersion media based on chitosan and SWCNT to create three-dimensional films and scaffolds for tissue engineering by laser printing.


Assuntos
Biopolímeros/química , Quitosana/química , Lasers , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Impressão Tridimensional , Fenômenos Ópticos , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho
12.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 227: 117682, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672377

RESUMO

The results of the study of composites based on bovine serum albumin (BSA) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) are presented. Nanocomposites were created by evaporation of the water-albumin dispersion with nanotubes using diode laser with temperature control. Two types of nanotubes were used. SWCNT I were synthesized using the electric arc method, SWCNT II were synthesized using the gas phase method. SWCNT I had a diameter and length less than SWCNT II. The mechanism of interaction between BSA and SWCNT in solid nanocomposites is considered. An experimental and theoretical studies of the interaction between aspartic (Asp) and glutamic (Glu) amino acids located on the outer surface of BSA and nanotubes using of vibrational spectroscopy (Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy) was carried out. The possibility of nanotubes functionalization by oxygen atoms of negative amino acid residues Asp and Glu, which are on the outer surface of BSA, is shown by molecular modeling. The formation of covalent bonds between BSA and SWCNT in nanocomposites with different concentrations of nanotubes (0.01, 0.1 and 1 g/l) was confirmed by vibrational spectra. The covalent interaction between BSA with SWCNT under the laser irradiation leads to the conformational changes in the secondary and tertiary structures of albumin. This is confirmed by a significant decrease in the intensity of the absorption bands in the high-frequency region. The calculation of the vibrational spectra of the three Glycine:Glycine, Glutamic acid:Threonine and Aspartic acid:Lysine complexes, which take into account hydrogen, ion-dipole and ion-ion bonds, showed that a disturbance in the intermolecular interaction between amino acid residues led to significant decrease in the intensity of absorption bands in the region of stretching vibrations bonds OH and NH. From the Raman spectra, it was found that a significant number of defects in SWCNT is caused by the covalent attachment of oxygen atoms to the graphene surface of nanotubes. An increase in the diameter of nanotubes (4 nm) has practically no effect on the absorption spectrum of nanocomposite, while measuring the concentration of SWCNT affects the FTIR spectra. This confirmed the hydrophobic interaction between BSA and SWCNT. Thus, it was shown that BSA solid nanocomposites with CNTs can interact either with the help of hydrophobic forces or with the formation of covalent bonds, which depends on the diameter of the used nanotubes. The viability of connective fibroblast tissue cells on nanocomposites with both types of SWCNT was demonstrated. It was found that nanocomposites based on SWCNT I provide slightly better compatibility of their structure with fibroblasts. It allows to achieve better cell adhesion to the nanocomposite surface. These criteria make extensive use of scaffold nanocomposites in biomedicine, depending on the requirements for their quality and application.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/metabolismo , Análise Espectral Raman , Vibração , Animais , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Nanotubos de Carbono/ultraestrutura , Tamanho da Partícula , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Teoria Quântica , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
13.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(19)2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546631

RESUMO

This paper reveals the mechanism of nanowelding a branched network of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) used as a framework for the formation of protein-polymer matrices with albumin, collagen, and chitosan. It is shown that the introduction of certain point defects into the structure of SWCNTs (single vacancy, double vacancy, Stone-Wales defect, and a mixed defect) allows us to obtain strong heating in defective regions as compared to ideal SWCNTs. The wavelengths at which absorption reaches 50% are determined. Non-uniform absorption of laser radiation along with inefficient heat removal in defective regions determines the formation of hot spots, in which nanowelding of SWCNTs is observed even at 0.36 nm between contacting surfaces. The regularities of formation of layered protein-polymer matrices and the features of their interaction with cell membrane are revealed. All studies are carried out in silico using high-precision quantum approaches.

14.
J Biomed Opt ; 22(6): 65003, 2017 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28631004

RESUMO

This paper presents the composite biostructures created by laser structuring of the single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in an albumin matrix. Under the exposure of femtosecond laser radiation, the heating of the albumin aqueous solution causes liquid water to evaporate. As a result, we obtained a solid-state composite in the bulk or film form. Using the molecular dynamic method, we showed the formation of a framework from SWCNTs by the example of splicing of the open end of one nanotube with the defect region of another nanotube under the action of the laser heating. Laser heating of SWCNTs up to a temperature of 80°C to 100°C causes the C ? C bond formation. Raman spectra measured for the composite biostructures allowed us to describe the binding of oxygen atoms of amino acid residues of the albumin with the carbon atoms of the SWCNTs. It is found that the interaction energy of the nanotube atoms and albumin atoms amounts up to 580 ?? kJ / mol . We used atomic force microscopy to investigate the surface of the composite biostructures. The pore size is in the range of 30 to 120 nm. It is proved that the proliferation of the fibroblasts occurred on the surface of the composite biostructures during 72 h of incubation.


Assuntos
Albuminas/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Lasers , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Animais , Fibroblastos , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Temperatura
15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(23): 15964-71, 2016 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27241278

RESUMO

The possibility of developing new advanced optical limiters of laser radiation at 532 nm with low limiting thresholds has been demonstrated on thermally stable phthalocyanine J-type dimeric complexes of Mg, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Co. A new "threshold" model based on radiative transfer phenomena in nonlinear optical media was suggested for the exact definition of nonlinear absorption coefficient ß and optical limiting threshold Ic. This model allows the determination of the optical characteristics of the limiter in the same active material with layers of different thicknesses, as well as the use of different parameters of laser radiation, such as cross-sectional spatial profiles of the laser beam and shapes of the laser pulse over time. The maximum value of the nonlinear absorption coefficient (ß = 360 cm GW(-1)) and the lowest limiting threshold (Ic = 0.03 J cm(-2)) were estimated for a J-type zinc phthalocyanine dimer.

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