Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107
Filtrar
1.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 181(7A)2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950380

RESUMO

New technology for genetic testing results in more precise diagnostics and individualised treatment but also identification of variants in genes with unknown association to disease or variants with uncertain significance. Genetic knowledge may involve preconception genetic testing to reduce the risk of passing serious gene variants on to the foetus. Prenatal diagnostics and whole genome sequencing in childhood have also benefitted from the new technology, but ethical dilemmas such as diagnosing a child with a late-onset disorder and potentially harm the child's right to an open future arise.

2.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215725, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Every year more than 800 patients in Denmark are diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) of which 3-5% are expected to be part of a hereditary renal cancer syndrome. We performed genetic screening of causative and putative RCC-genes (VHL, FH, FLCN, MET, SDHB, BAP1, MITF, CDKN2B) in RCC-patients suspected of a genetic predisposition. METHODS: The cohort consisted of forty-eight Danish families or individuals with early onset RCC, a family history of RCC, a family history of RCC and melanoma or both RCC- and melanoma diagnosis in the same individual. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples or cancer-free formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue. RESULTS: One start codon variant of unknown clinical significance (VUS) (c.3G>A, p.Met1Ile) and one missense VUS (c.631A>C, p.Met211Leu) was found in VHL in a patient with RCC-onset at twenty-eight years of age but without other manifestations or family history of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL). Furthermore, in three families we found three different variants in BAP1, one of which was a novel non-segregating missense variant (c.1502G>A, p.Ser501Asn) in a family with two brothers affected with RCC. Finally, we found the known E318K-substitution in MITF in a RCC-affected member of a family with multiple melanomas. No variants were detected in CDKN2B. CONCLUSION: Although we did find three VUS's in BAP1 in three families and a pathogenic variant in MITF in one family, pathogenic germline variants in BAP1, MITF or CDKN2B are not frequent causes of hereditary renal cancer in Denmark. It is possible that the high prevalence of risk factors such as male gender, smoking and obesity has influenced the development of cancer in the patients of the current study. Further investigations into putative predisposing genes and risk factors of RCC are necessary to enable better prediction of renal cancer risk or presymptomatic testing of relatives in hereditary renal cancer families.

3.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 81(2): 386-394, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although rare in the general population, highly penetrant germline mutations in CDKN2A are responsible for 5%-40% of melanoma cases reported in melanoma-prone families. We sought to determine whether MELPREDICT was generalizable to a global series of families with melanoma and whether performance improvements can be achieved. METHODS: In total, 2116 familial melanoma cases were ascertained by the international GenoMEL Consortium. We recapitulated the MELPREDICT model within our data (GenoMELPREDICT) to assess performance improvements by adding phenotypic risk factors and history of pancreatic cancer. We report areas under the curve (AUC) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) along with net reclassification indices (NRIs) as performance metrics. RESULTS: MELPREDICT performed well (AUC 0.752, 95% CI 0.730-0.775), and GenoMELPREDICT performance was similar (AUC 0.748, 95% CI 0.726-0.771). Adding a reported history of pancreatic cancer yielded discriminatory improvement (P < .0001) in GenoMELPREDICT (AUC 0.772, 95% CI 0.750-0.793, NRI 0.40). Including phenotypic risk factors did not improve performance. CONCLUSION: The MELPREDICT model functioned well in a global data set of familial melanoma cases. Adding pancreatic cancer history improved model prediction. GenoMELPREDICT is a simple tool for predicting CDKN2A mutational status among melanoma patients from melanoma-prone families and can aid in directing these patients to receive genetic testing or cancer risk counseling.

4.
Hum Mutat ; 40(4): 444-457, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30648773

RESUMO

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a genetic disorder caused by variants in the gene encoding phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), resulting in accumulation of phenylalanine to neurotoxic levels. Here, we analyzed the cellular stability, localization, and interaction with wild-type PAH of 20 selected PKU-linked PAH protein missense variants. Several were present at reduced levels in human cells, and the levels increased in the presence of a proteasome inhibitor, indicating that proteins are proteasome targets. We found that all the tested PAH variants retained their ability to associate with wild-type PAH, and none formed aggregates, suggesting that they are only mildly destabilized in structure. In all cases, PAH variants were stabilized by the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4 ), a molecule known to alleviate symptoms in certain PKU patients. Biophysical calculations on all possible single-site missense variants using the full-length structure of PAH revealed a strong correlation between the predicted protein stability and the observed stability in cells. This observation rationalizes previously observed correlations between predicted loss of protein destabilization and disease severity, a correlation that we also observed using new calculations. We thus propose that many disease-linked PAH variants are structurally destabilized, which in turn leads to proteasomal degradation and insufficient amounts of cellular PAH protein.

5.
Eur J Cancer Care (Engl) ; 27(6): e12877, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30016002

RESUMO

With an impending introduction of genome sequencing into paediatric oncology to facilitate personalised medicine, this study examines parent perspectives on participating in whole genome sequencing (WGS) research in the difficult weeks following diagnosis. As an embedded part of Sequencing Tumor and Germline DNA-Implications and National Guidelines (STAGING), a project aiming to implement WGS of all newly diagnosed paediatric cancer patients in Denmark, a parent perspective study was conducted by a clinical geneticist and anthropologist to document pragmatic, social and ethical dilemmas. Following genetic counselling, systematic debriefings were held and the anthropologist carried out in-depth parent interviews (N = 30 parents to 15 patients). Parents were approached about STAGING 2-28 days after diagnosis. The majority of interviewed parents reported that an early approach had been feasible for them, a few found it too early. Participation was explained in terms of altruism and a desire to learn more about why their child had developed cancer. A number of parents openly disagreed about the amount of information they wanted reported back. Enrolment in WGS research around the time of diagnosis is feasible, however, flexibility from researchers is essential. Notwithstanding high participation rates and a tendency to choose full disclosure, caution as regards the consequences of participating in WGS research is warranted.

6.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 180(17)2018 Apr 23.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29717702

RESUMO

Germ line mutations causing paediatric cancer predisposition syndromes (PCPSs) are more common than previously anticipated and are now recognised as a significant contributor to the incidence of childhood cancer. Advances in and increased clinical application of next-generation sequencing technologies have led to a rise in paediatric patients undergoing whole genome sequencing (WGS). This review focuses on the potential syndromes/diagnoses, which WGS may reveal in patients with childhood cancers, and highlights the clinical and psychosocial impact of PCPSs.

8.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0190050, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29324801

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: TP53 mutation carrier (Li-Fraumeni Syndrome, LFS) cohort studies often suffer from lack of extensive pedigree exploration. METHODS: We performed a nation-wide exploration of TP53 mutation carrier families identified through all clinical genetics departments in Denmark. Pedigrees were expanded and verified using unique national person identification, cancer, cause of death, pathology, and church registries. RESULTS: We identified 30 confirmed, six obligate and 14 assumed carriers in 15 families harboring 14 different mutations, including five novel and three de novo germline mutations. All but two (96%) developed cancer by age 54 years [mean debut age; 29.1 y., median 33.0 y., n = 26 (17F, 9M), range 1-54 y]]. Cancer was the primary cause of all deaths [average age at death; 34.5 years]. Two tumors were identified through registry data alone. Two independent families harbored novel c.80delC mutations shown to be related through an ancestor born in 1907. This exhaustive national collection yielded markedly fewer TP53 mutation carriers than the 300-1,100 expected based on estimated background population frequencies. CONCLUSION: Germline TP53 mutations in Denmark are likely to be drastically underdiagnosed despite their severe phenotype. Following recent advances in surveillance options of LFS patients, lack of pre-symptomatic testing may lead to the mismanagement of some individuals.


Assuntos
Genes p53 , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Linhagem , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Med Genet ; 55(1): 15-20, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28490613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously showed that the BRCA1 variant c.5096G>A p.Arg1699Gln (R1699Q) was associated with an intermediate risk of breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC). This study aimed to assess these cancer risks for R1699Q carriers in a larger cohort, including follow-up of previously studied families, to further define cancer risks and to propose adjusted clinical management of female BRCA1*R1699Q carriers. METHODS: Data were collected from 129 BRCA1*R1699Q families ascertained internationally by ENIGMA (Evidence-based Network for the Interpretation of Germline Mutant Alleles) consortium members. A modified segregation analysis was used to calculate BC and OC risks. Relative risks were calculated under both monogenic model and major gene plus polygenic model assumptions. RESULTS: In this cohort the cumulative risk of BC and OC by age 70 years was 20% and 6%, respectively. The relative risk for developing cancer was higher when using a model that included the effects of both the R1699Q variant and a residual polygenic component compared with monogenic model (for BC 3.67 vs 2.83, and for OC 6.41 vs 5.83). CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that BRCA1*R1699Q confers an intermediate risk for BC and OC. Breast surveillance for female carriers based on mammogram annually from age 40 is advised. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy should be considered based on family history.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Segregação de Cromossomos , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
10.
J Invest Dermatol ; 137(12): 2606-2612, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28830827

RESUMO

Germline mutations in CDKN2A are frequently identified among melanoma kindreds and are associated with increased atypical nevus counts. However, a clear relationship between pathogenic CDKN2A mutation carriage and other nevus phenotypes including counts of common acquired nevi has not yet been established. Using data from GenoMEL, we investigated the relationships between CDKN2A mutation carriage and 2-mm, 5-mm, and atypical nevus counts among blood-related members of melanoma families. Compared with individuals without a pathogenic mutation, those who carried one had an overall higher prevalence of atypical (odds ratio = 1.64; 95% confidence interval = 1.18-2.28) nevi but not 2-mm nevi (odds ratio = 1.06; 95% confidence interval = 0.92-1.21) or 5-mm nevi (odds ratio = 1.26; 95% confidence interval = 0.94-1.70). Stratification by case status showed more pronounced positive associations among non-case family members, who were nearly three times (odds ratio = 2.91; 95% confidence interval = 1.75-4.82) as likely to exhibit nevus counts at or above the median in all three nevus categories simultaneously when harboring a pathogenic mutation (vs. not harboring one). Our results support the hypothesis that unidentified nevogenic genes are co-inherited with CDKN2A and may influence carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p18/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Melanoma/genética , Nevo/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Nevo Pigmentado/genética , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Sistema de Registros
11.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 56(12): 823-831, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28779490

RESUMO

Inhibitors of molecular chaperones and the ubiquitin-proteasome system have already been clinically implemented to counter certain cancers, including multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma. The efficacy of this treatment relies on genomic alterations in cancer cells causing a proteostatic imbalance, which makes them more dependent on protein quality control (PQC) mechanisms than normal cells. Accordingly, blocking PQC, e.g. by proteasome inhibitors, may cause a lethal proteotoxic crisis in cancer cells, while leaving normal cells unaffected. Evidence, however, suggests that the PQC system operates by following a better-safe-than-sorry principle and is thus prone to target proteins that are only slightly structurally perturbed, but still functional. Accordingly, implementing PQC inhibitors may also, through an entirely different mechanism, hold potential for other cancers. Several inherited cancer susceptibility syndromes, such as Lynch syndrome and von Hippel-Lindau disease, are caused by missense mutations in tumor suppressor genes, and in some cases, the resulting amino acid substitutions in the encoded proteins cause the cellular PQC system to target them for degradation, although they may still retain function. As a consequence of this over-meticulous PQC mechanism, the cell may end up with an insufficient amount of the abnormal, but functional, protein, which in turn leads to a loss-of-function phenotype and manifestation of the disease. Increasing the amounts of such proteins by stabilizing with chemical chaperones, or by targeting molecular chaperones or the ubiquitin-proteasome system, may thus avert or delay the disease onset. Here, we review the potential of targeting the PQC system in hereditary cancer susceptibility syndromes.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteassoma/farmacologia , Proteostase , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/metabolismo , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteassoma/uso terapêutico , Proteólise , Ubiquitinação , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau/genética , Doença de von Hippel-Lindau/metabolismo
12.
Clin Case Rep ; 5(6): 876-879, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28588830

RESUMO

BRCA1, c.4096+3A>G was identified in a consanguineous Danish family with several cases of breast/ovarian cancer. In silico analysis and splicing assays indicated that the variant caused aberrant splicing. However, based on segregation data and the finding of a healthy homozygous carrier, we classify the BRCA1 c.4096+3A>G variant as likely benign.

13.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 179(11)2017 Mar 13.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28330535

RESUMO

Direct-to-consumer genetic tests are sold over the internet to consumers all over the world - including Denmark. No regulation of these tests has been introduced neither in Denmark nor in Europe, even though they have been on the market since 2007. Such tests have several advantages, but indeed also a long list of potential disadvantages, which are most often ignored, and among these is insufficient training of general practitioners in performing the necessary counselling but also the risk of increased expenses to unnecessary follow-up consultations.

14.
J Hum Genet ; 62(2): 151-157, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27734835

RESUMO

Pathogenic germline mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) tumor suppressor gene predispose to Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome, a rare disease characterized by the development of cutaneous hamartomas (fibrofolliculomas), multiple lung cysts, spontaneous pneumothoraces and renal cell cancer. In this study, we report the identification of 13 variants and three polymorphisms in the FLCN gene in 143 Danish patients or families with suspected BHD syndrome. Functional mini-gene splicing analysis revealed that two intronic variants (c.1062+2T>G and c.1177-5_1177-3del) introduced splicing aberrations. Eleven families exhibited the c.1062+2T>G mutation. Combined single nucleotide polymorphism array-haplotype analysis showed that these families share a 3-Mb genomic fragment containing the FLCN gene, revealing that the c.1062+2T>G mutation is a Danish founder mutation. On the basis of in silico prediction and functional splicing assays, we classify the 16 identified variants in the FLCN gene as follows: nine as pathogenic, one as likely pathogenic, three as likely benign and three as polymorphisms. In conclusion, the study describes the FLCN mutation spectrum in Danish BHD patients, and contributes to a better understanding of BHD syndrome and management of BHD patients.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Birt-Hogg-Dubé/genética , Pneumopatias/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Processamento de RNA/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Códon sem Sentido/genética , Dinamarca , Mutação da Fase de Leitura/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético/genética
15.
Eur J Cancer ; 69: 127-134, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27821315

RESUMO

Traditionally, BRCA genetic testing has been undertaken to identify patients and family members at future risk of developing cancer and patients have been referred for testing based on family history. However, the now recognised risk of ovarian cancer (OC) patients, even those with no known family history, harbouring a mutation in BRCA1/2, together with the first poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase inhibitor (PARPi; olaparib [Lynparza]) being licenced for the treatment of BRCA-mutated OC, has led to reconsideration of referral criteria for OC patients. Provided here is a review of the existing data and guidelines in the European Union, relating to recommendations, as well as considerations, for the referral of OC patients for BRCA genetic testing. Based on this review of newly updated guidance and up-to-date evidence, the following is recommended: all patients with invasive epithelial OC (excluding borderline or mucinous), including those with fallopian tube and peritoneal cancers, should be considered as candidates for referral for BRCA genetic testing, irrespective of age; genetic testing should ideally be offered at diagnosis, although patients can be referred at any stage; retrospective testing should be offered to patients in long-term follow-up because of the implications for family members and individual future breast cancer risk; and germline BRCA testing of a blood/saliva sample should initially be conducted and, if negative, tumour tissue should be tested (to identify non-germline [somatic] BRCA PARPi therapy candidates).


Assuntos
Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Análise Mutacional de DNA , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Síndrome Hereditária de Câncer de Mama e Ovário/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Ftalazinas/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
16.
PLoS One ; 11(7): e0158801, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27463617

RESUMO

Population-based genome wide association studies have identified a locus at 9p22.2 associated with ovarian cancer risk, which also modifies ovarian cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. We conducted fine-scale mapping at 9p22.2 to identify potential causal variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. Genotype data were available for 15,252 (2,462 ovarian cancer cases) BRCA1 and 8,211 (631 ovarian cancer cases) BRCA2 mutation carriers. Following genotype imputation, ovarian cancer associations were assessed for 4,873 and 5,020 SNPs in BRCA1 and BRCA 2 mutation carriers respectively, within a retrospective cohort analytical framework. In BRCA1 mutation carriers one set of eight correlated candidate causal variants for ovarian cancer risk modification was identified (top SNP rs10124837, HR: 0.73, 95%CI: 0.68 to 0.79, p-value 2× 10-16). These variants were located up to 20 kb upstream of BNC2. In BRCA2 mutation carriers one region, up to 45 kb upstream of BNC2, and containing 100 correlated SNPs was identified as candidate causal (top SNP rs62543585, HR: 0.69, 95%CI: 0.59 to 0.80, p-value 1.0 × 10-6). The candidate causal in BRCA1 mutation carriers did not include the strongest associated variant at this locus in the general population. In sum, we identified a set of candidate causal variants in a region that encompasses the BNC2 transcription start site. The ovarian cancer association at 9p22.2 may be mediated by different variants in BRCA1 mutation carriers and in the general population. Thus, potentially different mechanisms may underlie ovarian cancer risk for mutation carriers and the general population.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 9 , Genes BRCA1 , Genes BRCA2 , Triagem de Portadores Genéticos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Feminino , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27279923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Germline mutations in the succinate dehydrogenase complex genes SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD predispose to pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas. Here, we examine the SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD mutation spectrum in the Danish population by screening of 143 Danish pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma patients. METHODS: Mutational screening was performed by Sanger sequencing or next-generation sequencing. The frequencies of variants of unknown clinical significance, e.g. intronic, missense, and synonymous variants, were determined using the Exome Aggregation Consortium database, while the significance of missense mutations was predicted by in silico and loss of heterozygosity analysis when possible. RESULTS: We report 18 germline variants; nine in SDHB, six in SDHC, and three in SDHD. Of these 18 variants, eight are novel. We classify 12 variants as likely pathogenic/pathogenic, one as likely benign, and five as variants of unknown clinical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Identifying and classifying SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD variants present in the Danish population will augment the growing knowledge on variants in these genes and may support future clinical risk assessments.

18.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 157(2): 319-327, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27117159

RESUMO

Female BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation carriers are at substantially increased risk for developing breast and/or ovarian cancer, and are offered enhanced surveillance including screening from a young age and risk-reducing surgery (RRS)-mastectomy (RRM) and/or salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). While there are established guidelines for early detection of breast cancer in high-risk women who have not undergone RRM, there are less developed guidelines after RRM. We evaluated the schemes offered before and after RRS in internationally diverse high-risk clinics. An e-mailed survey was distributed to high-risk clinics affiliated with CIMBA. Overall, 22 centers from 16 countries responded. Pre RRS surveillance schemes overwhelmingly included breast imaging (primarily MRI) from 18 to 30 years and clinical breast exam (CBE) at 6-12 month intervals. For ovarian cancer, all but 6 centers offered semiannual/annual gynecological exam, transvaginal ultrasound, and CA 125 measurements. Post RRM, most centers offered only annual CBE while 4 centers offered annual MRI, primarily for substantial residual breast tissue. After RRSO only 4 centers offered specific gynecological surveillance. Existing guidelines for breast/ovarian cancer detection in BRCA carriers are being applied pre RRS but are not globally harmonized, and most centers offer no specific surveillance post RRS. From this comprehensive multinational study it is clear that evidence-based, long-term prospective data on the most effective scheme for BRCA carriers post RRS is needed.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Mutação , Neoplasias Ovarianas/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Profiláticos/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Mastectomia Profilática , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Pancreatology ; 16(4): 584-92, 2016 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27090585

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide, symptoms are few and diffuse, and when the diagnosis has been made only 10-15% would benefit from resection. Surgery is the only potentially curable treatment for pancreatic cancer, and the prognosis seems to improve with early detection. A hereditary component has been identified in 1-10% of the PC cases. To comply with this, screening for PC in high-risk groups with a genetic disposition for PC has been recommended in research settings. DESIGN: Between January 2006 and February 2014 31 patients with Hereditary pancreatitis or with a disposition of HP and 40 first-degree relatives of patients with Familial Pancreatic Cancer (FPC) were screened for development of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with yearly endoscopic ultrasound. The cost-effectiveness of screening in comparison with no-screening was assessed by the incremental cost-utility ratio (ICER). RESULTS: By screening the FPC group we identified 2 patients with PDAC who were treated by total pancreatectomy. One patient is still alive, while the other died after 7 months due to cardiac surgery complications. Stratified analysis of patients with HP and FPC provided ICERs of 47,156 US$ vs. 35,493 US$ per life-year and 58,647 US$ vs. 47,867 US$ per QALY. Including only PDAC related death changed the ICER to 31,722 US$ per life-year and 42,128 US$ per QALY. The ICER for patients with FPC was estimated at 28,834 US$ per life-year and 38,785 US$ per QALY. CONCLUSIONS: With a threshold value of 50,000 US$ per QALY this screening program appears to constitute a cost-effective intervention although screening of HP patients appears to be less cost-effective than FPC patients.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/economia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/economia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Custo-Benefício , Dinamarca , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Invest Dermatol ; 136(5): 1066-1069, 2016 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26827760
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA