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1.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34590338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circumferential calcification of the ascending aorta, known as porcelain aorta, in a patient candidate to a heart transplant, requires technically demanding and high-risk procedural adjustments. AIMS: This case report showed successful replacement of ascending aorta due to extensive calcification at time of heart transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the operating theatre, after median sternotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was achieved via the right femoral artery and vein. Due to the impossibility of replacing the ascending aorta using safe aortic cross-clamping, a moderate hypothermia was established, and circulatory arrest was realized. According to Kazui protocol for selective anterograde cerebral perfusion via anonymous trunk and left carotid artery, ascending aorta was replaced with vascular prosthesis. RESULTS: Thanks to accurate pre-surgical planning, which included hypothermic circulatory arrest, ascending aorta replacement, before orthotopic heart implantation, we were able to perform the procedure successfully and prevent neurological events. DISCUSSION: Although different reports showed the feasibility of heart transplant combined to aortic replacement for aneurysmatic pathology, few cases were described for porcelain aorta, due to technically demanding procedure and prohibitive aortic cross-clamping. To avoid vascular embolization, dissection and mural laceration, aortic cross-clamping is not recommended. We performed aortic replacement at first, to reduce allograft ischemia. CONCLUSION: The use of hypothermic circulatory arrest technique with selective cerebral perfusion for aortic replacement, followed by vascular graft clamping to favour cardiac allograft implantation, could be considered a winning combination to guarantee procedural success and to reduce perioperative complications.

3.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 374, 2021 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rare diseases are chronic and life-threatening disorders affecting < 1 person every 2,000. For most of them, clinical symptoms and signs can be observed at birth or childhood. Approximately 80% of all rare diseases have a genetic background and most of them are monogenic conditions. In addition, while the majority of these diseases is still incurable, early diagnosis and specific treatment can improve patients' quality of life. Transplantation is among the therapeutic options and represents the definitive treatment for end-stage organ failure, both in children and adults. The aim of this paper was to analyze, in a large cohort of Italian patients, the main rare genetic diseases that led to organ transplantation, specifically pointing the attention on the pediatric cohort. RESULTS: To the purpose of our analysis, we considered heart, lung, liver and kidney transplants included in the Transplant Registry (TR) of the Italian National Transplantation Center in the 2002-2019 timeframe. Overall, 49,404 recipients were enrolled in the cohort, 5.1% of whom in the pediatric age. For 40,909 (82.8%) transplant recipients, a disease diagnosis was available, of which 38,615 in the adult cohort, while 8,495 patients (17.2%) were undiagnosed. There were 128 disease categories, and of these, 117 were listed in the main rare disease databases. In the pediatric cohort, 2,294 (5.6%) patients had a disease diagnosis: of the 2,126 (92.7%) patients affected by a rare disease, 1,402 (61.1%) presented with a monogenic condition. As expected, the frequencies of pathologies leading to organ failure were different between the pediatric and the adult cohort. Moreover, the pediatric group was characterized, compared to the adult one, by an overall better survival of the graft at ten years after transplant, with the only exception of lung transplants. When comparing survival considering rare vs non-rare diseases or rare and monogenic vs rare non-monogenic conditions, no differences were highlighted for kidney and lung transplants, while rare diseases had a better survival in liver as opposed to heart transplants. CONCLUSIONS: This work represents the first national survey analyzing the main genetic causes and frequencies of rare and/or monogenic diseases leading to organ failure and requiring transplantation both in adults and children.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Transplante de Órgãos , Criança , Humanos , Itália , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema de Registros , Transplantados
4.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550618

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nowadays micro-invasive-procedures (off-pump, beating-heart) for mitral valve repair (MVRe) are abruptly expanding with the potential to be adopted as a valuable alternative to surgery. In the present manuscript, the authors review the available technologies intended to treat mitral regurgitation (MR) through transapical approach, including annuloplasty and chordal-repair options. ANNULOPLASTY: To date, Valcare Amend is the only transapical MV ring to have been implanted in patients. The device allows for stabilization of the annulus through a complete semirigid d-shaped ring. The first-in-human successful procedure was performed in 2016 by our Group and subsequent clinical experience included a total of 14 implanted patients. Currently, the technology is under clinical trial evaluation to validate the efficacy and safety profile of the device. CHORDAL REPAIR: Beating-heart chordal implantation via transapical approach is a current feasible, safe and reproducible option. Neochord DS1000 is the most widely used technology in the field, with a solid procedural experience and good results in well-selected patients. Its clinical use has been validated in Europe since 2012, while it is still under clinical investigation in the United States. Harpoon MVRe system is a novel technology, recently CE-mark approved for clinical use. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Transapical micro-invasive technologies are current viable therapies to treat MR in selected patients. Although there are still several limitations that preclude an extensive use of such procedures, their results are promising in well-selected patients. Embracing transcatheter MVRe therapies should guide the cardiac surgeon through the new revolution of micro-invasive MV tailored repair.

5.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510806

RESUMO

AIM: Due to improved therapy in childhood, many patients with congenital heart disease reach adulthood and are termed adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). ACHD often develop heart failure (HF) as a consequence of initial palliative surgery or complex anatomy and subsequently require advanced HF therapy. ACHD are usually excluded from trials evaluating heart failure therapies, and in this context, more data about heart failure trajectories in ACHD are needed to guide the management of ACHD suffering from HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: The pAtients pResenTing with cOngenital heaRt dIseAse Register (ARTORIA-R) will collect data from ACHD evaluated or listed for heart or heart-combined organ transplantation from 16 countries in Europe and the Asia/Pacific region. We plan retrospective collection of data from 1989-2020 and will include patients prospectively. Additional organizations and hospitals in charge of transplantation of ACHD will be asked in the future to contribute data to the register. The primary outcome is the combined endpoint of delisting due to clinical worsening or death on the waiting list. The secondary outcome is delisting due to clinical improvement while on the waiting list. All-cause mortality following transplantation will also be assessed. The data will be entered into an electronic database with access to the investigators participating in the register. All variables of the register reflect key components important for listing of the patients or assessing current HF treatment. CONCLUSION: The ARTORIA-R will provide robust information on current management and outcomes of adults with congenital heart disease suffering from advanced heart failure.

6.
Innovations (Phila) ; : 15569845211042888, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ascending aorta stent-grafting (AASG) is a new option that has shown initial promising results. In selected cases, when neither conventional surgery nor transfemoral retrograde approach are feasible, antegrade transapical (TA) access can be performed. The aim of this single-center retrospective study was to evaluate outcomes of patients undergoing AASG through a TA approach. METHODS: We analyzed all patients undergoing AASG through a TA approach at our institution. Three different devices were used, including Relay Stent-Graft System (Terumo Aortic, UK), Gore Conformable Thoracic Aortic Graft (W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., USA), and Valiant Thoracic Stent Graft (Medtronic, Ireland). All patients underwent clinical and computed tomographic angiogram (CTA) evaluation before hospital discharge. RESULTS: From May 2010 to December 2019, 3 consecutive patients underwent AASG at our institution. Mean age was 69 years. Three different types of endografts were used in 1 patient each. All patients stayed in the intensive care unit for 24 hr and mean hospital stay was 12 days. We did not observe any major adverse event. One patient died of pneumonia 2 months after the procedure and the other 2 patients are alive and in good clinical conditions at a mean follow-up of 56 months. Predischarge CTA showed good anatomic results with no endoleaks in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: This initial experience shows that AASG is feasible and provides encouraging clinical and anatomic results in selected high-risk patients.

7.
J Card Surg ; 36(11): 4427-4430, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34386994

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is indicated in case of degenerated bioprosthesis in high-risk patients. However, durability of these valves still represents an important issue. METHODS: Early severe structural valve deterioration of a mitral porcine surgical bioprosthesis and of a subsequent bovine TMVR, both at 4 years follow-up, is here presented. RESULTS: Gross, histopathologic, and X-ray examination revealed massive calcification of both devices and fibrous tissue overgrowth involving the TMVR stent. CONCLUSIONS: Careful clinical evaluation and strict follow-up are mandatory to identify early signs of dysfunction and to intervene in a timely manner.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Animais , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Bovinos , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Card Surg ; 36(11): 4205-4210, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Micro-invasive cardiac surgery identifies procedures performed off-pump, on beating heart. Aim of this single-center retrospective study was to assess early outcomes of a totally micro-invasive strategy (percutaneous coronary intervention-PCI-followed by transapical off-pump NeoChord mitral repair) in patients with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) and degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS: We analyzed early and 1-year follow-up data of patients who underwent a NeoChord procedure between November 2013 and May 2020, and preceded by PCI. Outcomes were defined according to Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium (MVARC) definitions. RESULTS: Among 220 patients who underwent NeoChord repair in the study period, 17 (7.7%) underwent PCI previously. CAD was an accidental finding during preoperative mitral evaluation in nine patients (52.9%; Group 1; with PCI occurring 2 months before NeoChord, interquartile range [IQR] = 1.0-2.7), while it was part of the past medical history in the remaining eight patients (47.1%; Group 2; with PCI occurring 30 months before NeoChord, IQR = 24.5-64.0). Twelve patients (70.6%) presented single-vessel disease, two patients (11.8%) triple-vessel disease. No surgical revisions for bleeding were required after NeoChord. At 1-year follow-up (n = 16), all patients were alive and did not experience major adverse events except for one reoperation due to late NeoChord failure. None required additional PCI. CONCLUSION: In our experience, PCI before NeoChord seems safe and effective, and performing PCI before NeoChord might not affect outcomes. A totally micro-invasive strategy in selected patients suffering from MR and CAD should be considered as a reasonable alternative to conventional surgery.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34448150

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is still the gold standard for treating aortic valve stenosis (AVS). Its effectiveness has been extensively examined in terms of perioperative mortality, but its impact on overall health has received much less attention. AIMS: To assess the physical performance, cognitive status, and health-related quality of life of elderly patients undergoing SAVR, in the short, medium and long term. METHODS: This single-center prospective study enrolled patients aged > 70 years who underwent isolated SAVR for severe AVS. Data were collected on each participant's clinical status, physical performance, cognitive status, mood, and health-related quality of life. This multidimensional geriatric assessment was performed before surgery (T0), and again at 45 days (T1), 3 months (T2), 6 months (T3), and 12 months (T4) post-surgery. Baseline (T0) and follow-up (T2-T4) data were compared separately for patients grouped by gender using paired t-tests. RESULTS: Data from a total of 35 patients were analyzed. Compared with the baseline (T0), nutritional status worsened at T1, then gradually improved through to T4. Physical performance, mood, and health-related quality of life improved significantly after surgery. Cognitive function showed no change through to T3, but then deteriorated at T4. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that SAVR in patients over 70 years of age has a positive impact on nutrition, mood, and health-related quality of life. Cognitive function was not negatively affected in the short and medium term, although it deteriorated in the long term. SAVR also had a positive impact on the physical performance of our sample.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420009

RESUMO

Heart transplantation represents the gold standard for end-stage heart failure. However, due to the increasing demand and the shortage of available organs, donor supply remains the main limitation. Marginal donor hearts in high-risk candidates who do not meet standard listing criteria are the only alternative when life expectancy is limited, but their use is still debated. Surgical correction of detected coronary lesions or valvular heart defects allows further enlargement of the number of available organs. In this article, we offer a literature review on this topic and report two marginal donor hearts with angiography evidence of coronary stenosis and preserved ventricular function, which underwent concomitant myocardial revascularization during heart implantation.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective multicentre study was to investigate and compare clinical outcomes of unilateral and bilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) strategies on cerebral protection during surgery for type A aortic dissection. METHODS: Data from 646 patients who underwent surgical repair of thoracic type A aortic dissection using unilateral and bilateral ACP with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest in 3 cardiac surgical institutions between 2008 and 2018 were analysed. Propensity matching was performed to assess which technique ensured better outcomes. RESULTS: Unilateral and bilateral ACP techniques were performed in 250 (39%) and in 396 (61%) patients, respectively. Propensity score analysis identified 189 matched pairs. In the matched cohort, the lowest core temperature was 27.5°C and 28°C in the bilateral and unilateral groups, respectively (P < 0.001). The unilateral technique required significantly shorter aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times than bilateral technique [82 min vs 100 min (P < 0.001); 170 min vs 195 min (P < 0.001)]. The 30-day mortality was comparable (P = 0.325). The bilateral group reported a significantly higher incidence of permanent neurologic deficits (P < 0.001), left brain hemisphere stroke (P = 0.007) and all-combined complications (P < 0.001). Ten-year survival was comparable (P = 0.45). CONCLUSIONS: Unilateral and bilateral ACP are both valid brain protection strategies in the landscape of aortic arch surgery. While admitting all the study limitations, unilateral technique could offer some clinical advantages. CLINICAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: 76049.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281108

RESUMO

Wearable devices (WDs) can objectively assess patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) in clinical trials. In this study, the feasibility and acceptability of using commercial WDs in elderly patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) will be explored. This is a prospective observational study. Participants were trained to use a WD and a smartphone to collect data on their physical activity, rest heart rate and number of hours of sleep. Validated questionnaires were also used to evaluate these outcomes. A technology acceptance questionnaire was used at the end of the follow up. In our participants an overall good compliance in wearing the device (75.1% vs. 79.8%, SAVR vs. TAVR) was assessed. Half of the patients were willing to continue using the device. Perceived ease of use is one of the domains that scored higher in the technology acceptance questionnaire. In this study we observed that the use of a WD is accepted in our frail population for an extended period. Even though commercial WDs are not tailored for clinical research, they can produce useful information on patient behavior, especially when coordinated with intervention tailored to the single patient.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Card Surg ; 36(10): 3846-3847, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310747

RESUMO

We describe massive thrombus formation completely occluding an aortic bioprosthesis in a patient with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and apical venting. The thrombus was surgically removed and the patient recovered with no complications. Timely identification and immediate surgical removal of thrombi may allow patient recovery with no severe complications.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Trombose , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
14.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 32(8): 86, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313865

RESUMO

Over the years, several devices have been created (and the development of many others is currently in progress) to be in permanent contact with blood: mechanical circulatory supports represent an example thereof. The hemocompatibility of these devices largely depends on the chemical composition of blood-contacting components. In the present work, an innovative material (hybrid membrane) is proposed to fabricate the inner surfaces of a pulsatile ventricular chamber: it has been obtained by coupling a synthetic polymer (e.g., commercial polycarbonate urethane) with decellularized porcine pericardium. The hemocompatibility of the innovative material has been preliminarily assessed by measuring its capacity to promote thrombin generation and induce platelet activation. Our results demonstrated the blood compatibility of the proposed hybrid membrane.

15.
Regen Med ; 16(6): 513-515, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114489

RESUMO

Tweetable abstract Born with the aim of creating tissues and organs for transplant, the LIFELAB research program represents a unique reality in Italy. The program has gained promising results in the first phase, due to the synergy of 21 groups of researchers.

17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34186089

RESUMO

Mitral valve repair using trans-apical off-pump beating-heart neochordae implantation is a relatively new procedure with promising early and mid-term results in selected patients. However early failures few days after the procedure, requiring surgical reintervention, have been described. We describe a case of intraoperative acute procedural failure treated with a second procedure through a different trans-apical access adjacent to the first one. The final result was excellent with trivial residual regurgitation and the subsequent hospitalization was uneventful. This case demonstrates that a second trans-apical mitral neochordae implantation is feasible and should be considered in case of intraoperative acute procedural failure.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979664

RESUMO

Aim of this retrospective, multicenter study was to evaluate early and mid-term clinical and hemodynamic results of patients who underwent surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) with Intuity rapid-deployment bioprostheses (RDB) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA). We analyzed data from the Italian Registry of Intuity Valve (INTU-ITA registry) that is a national, real-world and independent from the industry registry. Preoperative variables were defined according to EuroSCORE and postoperative outcomes according to Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC). Survival distribution was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier approach. A Cox-Proportional Hazard Model was employed to assess the effect of the covariates on patients' survival. The registry included 1687 patients from 23 centers (June 2012-September 2019). Aortic cross clamp time for isolated SAVR was 55 minutes (IQR: 45-70 minute). Postoperative pace-maker rate was 6.3%. At discharge transaortic peak and mean gradients were: 18 mm Hg (IQR: 14-23 mm Hg) and 10 mmHg (IQR: 8-13 mm Hg), respectively. Indexed effective orifice area was 1.10 cm2/m2 (IQR: 0.91-1.31 cm2/m2) and the incidence of severe patient-prosthesis mismatch was 0.6%. Hemodynamic data for all valve sizes remained stable during follow-up. Thirty-day overall mortality was 1.8% (30 patients), and at follow-up it was 5.3% (89 patients). Kaplan-Meier overall survival was 95.5% (94.3-96.7%); 90.7% (88.3-93.1%); 86.4% (82.6-90.4%) at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Serum creatinine (HR: 1.36; 95%CI: 1.04-1.81; p = 0.0397) and cross-clamp time (HR: 1.01; 95%CI: 1.002-1.017; p = 0.0077) were identified as independent predictors of mortality. According to our data from the INTU-ITA registry, SAVR with RDB provides good early clinical and hemodynamic results that are confirmed at follow-up.

19.
J Card Surg ; 36(8): 2989-2991, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982341

RESUMO

Patients listed for heart transplantation are increasing annually worldwide, but the limited number of available donor hearts restricts this treatment to a small fraction of potential recipients. Attempts have, therefore, been made to expand the donor pool by recruiting donors who may not satisfy the standard criteria for organ donation. We reviewed our early experience by using three donor hearts which were successfully transplanted either after correction or not of pre-existing defects (Case #1: Coronary fistula; Case #2: Takayasu syndrome; Case #3: Percutaneously repaired atrial septal defect), demonstrating that structural cardiac abnormalities might not always be an absolute contraindication to donation candidacy.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias , Transplante de Coração , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Coração , Humanos , Doadores de Tecidos
20.
J Card Surg ; 36(8): 2628-2635, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) anatomy might influence aortic aneurysm development, BAV-related root involvement still lacks standardized surgical management. We aimed to evaluate late clinical outcomes and risk factors for root dilation after proximal aortic replacement in patients with BAV and right-left fusion (RL-BAV). METHODS: Clinical and echocardiographic data of all patients with intraoperative RL-BAV who underwent ascending aortic replacement with or without noncoronary sinus (NCS) replacement (Groups 1 and 2, respectively) between 1999 and 2017, were retrospectively revised. A multivariable analysis assessed hazard factors for root dilation during follow-up (FU). RESULTS: Of 206 surgeries performed (M 81%; age: 57 ± 13 years, EuroSCORE II: 2.7 ± 1.9%), 79 (38%) required NCS replacement. One hundred fifty-seven patients (76%) underwent aortic valve replacement (with aortic regurgitation predominating in Group 1, p = .04). The preoperative aortic root was larger in patients requiring NCS replacement (43.3 ± 5.1 vs. 39.2 ± 4.8 mm, p < .001). At a median FU time of 7 years (interquartile range: 4-10), no residual root dissections occurred, and only two patients (belonging to Group 2) required redo root surgery. Preoperative mild aortic regurgitation and aortic root diameter >35 mm at discharge were risk factors for root dilation >40 mm at FU (p = .02). Aortic root did not dilate over time, irrespective of NCS replacement (p = .06). CONCLUSIONS: Aortic root in patients with RL-BAV undergoing ascending aortic replacement (±NCS replacement) does not significantly dilate over time, even if patients with preoperative aortic regurgitation and postoperative root more than 35 mm might require more surveillance.


Assuntos
Doença da Válvula Aórtica Bicúspide , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Adulto , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
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