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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25720540

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a relatively common neurologic disorder in children that has important implications for development, parents, and society. Making the correct diagnosis starts with an accurate and complete history that consequently leads to a directed diagnostic workup. This article outlines a diagnostic and management approach to pediatric seizures and epilepsy syndromes. Making the correct diagnosis of epilepsy or nonepileptic imitators allows the practitioner to prescribe appropriate therapy. Initial management for typical epileptic syndromes and seizures and potential adverse effects are discussed. Alternative treatment options for pharmacologically resistant patients such as ketogenic diet, vagal nerve stimulation, and surgery are also discussed. While most children favorably respond to antiepileptic medications, early identification of medication failure is important to ensure optimal neurodevelopment.


Assuntos
Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Epilepsia/terapia , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Convulsões Febris/diagnóstico , Convulsões Febris/terapia
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