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1.
Obstet Gynecol ; 136(5): 1036-1039, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030860

RESUMO

The population of women within carceral systems is growing rapidly. A portion of these individuals are pregnant and will deliver while incarcerated. Although shackling laws for pregnant persons have improved, incarcerated patients are forced to labor without the support of anyone but a carceral officer and their medical staff. We believe access to continuous labor support is critical for all pregnant persons. Carceral systems and their affiliated hospitals have the opportunity to change policies to reflect that continuous labor support is a basic human right and should be permitted for incarcerated pregnant persons in labor, either through a doula program or a selected person of choice.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/ética , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Direitos do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Assistência Perinatal/ética , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Entorno do Parto , Parto Obstétrico/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Humanos , Assistência Perinatal/legislação & jurisprudência , Gravidez , Prisioneiros/legislação & jurisprudência
2.
Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg ; 24(6): 440-443, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28727648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the knowledge on pelvic floor disorders among a cross section of pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: This was an institutional review board-approved cross-sectional survey study of pregnant women with a gestational age of more than 18 weeks at a single tertiary care institution. Participants completed the validated 24-item Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire, and responses were graded to determine a raw accuracy score (0-100%). Proficiency in the topic was defined as a score greater than 80% on the urinary scale and greater than 50% on the prolapse scale. RESULTS: Four hundred two women completed the survey. Mean ± SD raw accuracy in urinary incontinence was 66% ± 12%, and mean ± SD raw accuracy in pelvic organ prolapse was 41% ± 17%. These results were not significantly different among age or ethnic groups. Pregnant women were more likely to know that delivery could lead to incontinence (62%) than to pelvic organ prolapse (42%; P = 0.02), and 83% knew that pelvic floor exercises could prevent urinary incontinence. Proficiency was low among the population on both scales. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant women have limited knowledge about pelvic floor dysfunction despite being at increased risk for these conditions during and after their pregnancies. This is an area where patient education and empowerment during routine prenatal care could improve.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Distúrbios do Assoalho Pélvico/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Cuidado Pré-Natal/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incontinência Urinária/psicologia
3.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 216(2): 135.e1-135.e5, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27664496

RESUMO

Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world. This is a public health crisis; as physicians who have direct contact with victims, we have a unique opportunity to intervene. The authors developed a specialty clinic for survivors of sex trafficking in 2013 at an academic medical center in New York City. Twenty of the 24 women seen in the Survivor Clinic saw a physician while being trafficked. Sex trafficking violates basic human rights, which include the rights to bodily integrity, dignity, health, and freedom from violence and torture. The stories of the patients seen in the Survivor Clinic bear witness to the health consequences of commercial sexual exploitation and reinforce the previous literature on the rates of physical and psychologic harms of trafficking. Health consequences of trafficking include traumatic brain injuries, drug addiction, depression, and neglect of chronic health conditions. All physicians, but gynecologists especially, need more education about the prevalence and dynamics of trafficking and how to assess and intervene on behalf of survivors.


Assuntos
Ginecologia , Tráfico de Pessoas , Papel do Médico , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Sobreviventes , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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