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1.
Oral Oncol ; 122: 105551, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34700280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the early experience using an automated chatbot (Chats)for patient-reported outcomes (PRO) and symptom self-managementinhead and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiation treatment (RT). METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 18 yearsdiagnosed with HNC who were scheduled to begin RT were given the option to use Chats from June 2018 to June 2019. Enrolled patients received chat notifications two days before weekly on-treatment visitsand every 1-4 weeks after RT for an additional 4 months. After the first in-person follow-up visit, participants completed an electronic usability and satisfaction questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 95 patients who agreed to participate, 84 were eligible for analysis.Participantswere significantly younger than patients who declined participation (mean age 61.3 vs 68.3 years;p-value < 0.001). Patient engagement with Chats was highest at 67% during the first month and declined over time (p-value = 0.004). Concordance between PRO and clinician-reported outcomes (CRO) was fair, ranging from 0.10 to 0.43 (Cohen κ statistics). The most commonly under-reported symptoms were salivary duct inflammation (53%), xerostomia (41%), and mucositis (37%). 89% (39 of 44) of patients who completed surveys found Chats easy to use, and 61% reported that Chats helped with symptom self-management and reduced the need to call the care team. CONCLUSIONS: These early results suggest that an interactive chatbot is feasible and provides support for HNC patients during and after RT. Chats identified discordance between PRO and CRO. Further study is required to measure benefits of Chats in a larger population.

2.
Acta Neurochir Suppl ; 128: 1-5, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34191056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of combined management of large vestibular schwannomas (VS) with initial subtotal resection (STR) followed by adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), with a particular emphasis on the timing and regimen of irradiation. METHODS: Seventeen patients underwent STR of a VS followed by SRS, whereas five others were observed after STR. Early SRS (<6 months after surgery) and late SRS (>6 months after surgery) were done in 8 and 9 patients, respectively. Single- and multisession SRS treatments were administered in 10 and 7 patients, respectively. The mean follow-up durations after surgery and SRS were 40 and 28 months, respectively. RESULTS: The rates of radiological and oncological tumor control after SRS were 82% and 100%, respectively. The tumor volume at the last follow-up and its relative changes after SRS did not differ significantly on the basis of the irradiation timing (early versus late) or on the basis of the irradiation regimen (single-session versus multisession). In no patient who was observed after STR of a VS was tumor regrowth noted during a mean follow-up period of 49 months. At 12 months after surgery, motor function of the ipsilateral facial nerve corresponded to House-Brackmann grades I, II, III, and IV in 16 patients (73%), 3 patients (14%), 1 patient (5%), and 2 patients (9%), respectively. Facial nerve function at the last follow-up did not differ significantly on the basis of the irradiation timing (early versus late) or on the basis of the irradiation regimen (single-session versus multisession). CONCLUSION: The combination of initial STR followed by adjuvant SRS is an effective treatment strategy for patients with a large VS. Although the optimal timing and regimen of postoperative irradiation of the residual lesion should be defined further, our preliminary data suggest that either early or late SRS after surgery may provide good tumor control and optimal functional results.


Assuntos
Neuroma Acústico , Radiocirurgia , Nervo Facial , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neuroma Acústico/radioterapia , Neuroma Acústico/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
3.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 430, 2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31072314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spine is the most frequent location of bone metastases. Local treatment aims at palliation of pain and, given the increased likelihood of long-term cancer survival, at local control. Kyphoplasty and intraoperative radiotherapy (Kypho-IORT) provided instantaneous pain relief in 70% of patients at the first day after the intervention and resulted in local control rates of > 93% at 1 year in a recently conducted phase I/II trial. To assess its clinical value, we designed a phase III trial which tests Kypho-IORT against the most widespread standard-of-care, external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), in patients with painful vertebral metastases. METHODS: This phase III study includes patients ≥50 years of age with up to 4 vertebral metastases and a pain score of at least 3/10 points on the visual/numeric analogy scale (VAS). Patients randomized into the experimental arm (A) will undergo Kypho-IORT (Kyphoplasty plus IORT with 8 Gy prescribed to 13 mm depth). Patients randomized into the control arm (B) will receive EBRT with either 30 Gy in 10 fractions or 8 Gy as a single dose. The primary end point is pain reduction defined as at least - 3 points on the VAS compared to baseline at day 1. Assuming that 40% of patients in the Kypho-IORT arm and 5% of patients in the control arm will achieve this reduction and 20% will drop out, a total of 54 patients will have to be included to reach a power of 0.817 with a two-sided alpha of 0.05. Secondary endpoints are evaluation of the percentage of patients with a pain reduction of at least 3 points at 2 and 6 weeks, local tumor control, frequency of re-intervention, secondary fractures/sintering, complication rates, skin toxicity/wound healing, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and quality of life. DISCUSSION: This trial will generate level 1 evidence on the clinical value of a one-stop procedure which may provide instantaneous pain relief, long-term control and shortened intervals to further adjuvant (systemic) therapies in patients with spinal metastases. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number: NCT02773966 (Registration date: 05/16/2016).


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer/terapia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/terapia , Dor do Câncer/diagnóstico , Dor do Câncer/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Coluna Vertebral/efeitos da radiação , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia
4.
Adv Radiat Oncol ; 4(2): 283-293, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011673

RESUMO

Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a common treatment option for patients with metastatic tumors of the spine. The optimal treatment-, tumor-, and patient-specific characteristics necessary to achieve durable outcomes remain less well understood given the heterogeneous nature of the patient population this modality typically serves. The objective of this analysis was to better understand the determinants underlying SBRT spine treatment outcomes. Methods and Materials: A total of 127 patients with 287 spine tumors were treated between March 2010 and May 2015. The median total doses for single-fraction and hypofractionated courses of treatment were 16 Gy (range, 16-20 Gy) and 24 Gy (range, 16-40 Gy), respectively. Radiologic local control and numeric pain score data were measured, and univariate and multivariate analyses were done to determine factors predictive of treatment response. Results: Median follow-up was 5.9 months (range, 1-61 months). Radiologic local control was achieved in 84.7% of patients at 6 months and in 74.7% of patients at 1 year. Local control was found to be affected by the Spinal Instability Neoplastic Score, and was worse in patients with scores ≥7 (hazard ratio [HR]: 4.25; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.57-11.51). Patients who required upfront surgical intervention to alleviate spinal cord compression, address mechanical spinal instability, or both had worse local control than those who did not require surgery (HR: 2.32; 95% CI, 1.04-5.17). Patients treated with a hypofractionated course compared with a single fraction had worse radiologic local control (HR: 2.63; 95% CI, 1.27-5.45). No patients developed radiation-induced myelitis after treatment, and the vertebral compression fracture rate was 9.1% after SBRT. Conclusions: Patients with potentially unstable spines or needing upfront spinal surgery before SBRT are less likely to achieve durable radiologic local control. Additionally, patients treated with single-fraction regimens have improved local control compared with those treated with hypofractionated radiation.

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