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1.
Adv Mater ; : e1908357, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452576

RESUMO

Engineering of magnetic materials for developing better spintronic applications relies on the control of two key parameters: the spin polarization and the Gilbert damping, responsible for the spin angular momentum dissipation. Both of them are expected to affect the ultrafast magnetization dynamics occurring on the femtosecond timescale. Here, engineered Co2 MnAlx Si1- x Heusler compounds are used to adjust the degree of spin polarization at the Fermi energy, P, from 60% to 100% and to investigate how they correlate with the damping. It is experimentally demonstrated that the damping decreases when increasing the spin polarization from 1.1 × 10-3 for Co2 MnAl with 63% spin polarization to an ultralow value of 4.6 × 10-4 for the half-metallic ferromagnet Co2 MnSi. This allows the investigation of the relation between these two parameters and the ultrafast demagnetization time characterizing the loss of magnetization occurring after femtosecond laser pulse excitation. The demagnetization time is observed to be inversely proportional to 1 - P and, as a consequence, to the magnetic damping, which can be attributed to the similarity of the spin angular momentum dissipation processes responsible for these two effects. Altogether, the high-quality Heusler compounds allow control over the band structure and therefore the channel for spin angular momentum dissipation.

2.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 36, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093716

RESUMO

Functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) have become the focus of increased research interest, particularly in their application as tools in different areas, such as the biomedical field. Despite the benefits associated with functionalization of MWCNT, particularly in overcoming issues relating to solubility, several studies have demonstrated that these functionalized nanoparticles display different toxicity profiles. For this study, we aim to compare NR8383 cells responses to three well-characterized MWCNT with varying functional groups. This study employed cytotoxicity assays, transcriptomics and proteomics to assess their toxicity using NR8383 rat alveolar macrophages as an in vitro model. The study findings indicated that all MWCNT altered ribosomal protein translation, cytoskeleton arrangement and induced pro-inflammatory response. Only functionalized MWCNT alter mTOR signaling pathway in conjunction with increased Lamtor gene expression. Furthermore, the type of functionalization was also important, with cationic MWCNT activating the transcription factor EB and inducing autophagy while the anionic MWCNT altering eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 (EIF4) and phosphoprotein 70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) signaling pathway as well as upregulation Tlr2 gene expression. This study proposes that MWCNT toxicity mechanisms are functionalization dependent and provides evidence that inflammatory response is a key event of carbon nanotubes toxicity.

3.
Biomater Sci ; 8(4): 1137-1147, 2020 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584052

RESUMO

Synthetic organic and inorganic carriers often have limitations associated with problematic targeting ability or non-optimized pharmacokinetics, and, therefore, they have restricted therapeutic potential. Natural drug carriers (e.g. mesenchymal stem cells, MSCs) are able to migrate towards the tumor site and penetrate cancerous cells. These biomimetic features make MSCs an attractive delivery platform that allows achieving maximal therapeutic efficiency with minimal toxic side effects. A combination of MSCs exhibiting a homing effect on tumors with stimuli-responsive nanostructured carriers is foreseen to have a huge impact in the field of personalized oncology. Here we develop for the first time a light-sensitive biomimetic delivery platform based on MSCs impregnated with submicron sized composite capsules containing an antitumor drug. This cell-based delivery system triggers the release of the drug upon near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation due to gold nanorods (Au NRs) incorporated into the capsule wall. The NIR-triggered release of the antitumor drug such as vincristine leads to the effective mortality of tumor spheroids made of primary melanoma cells. Encapsulated vincristine delivered by MSCs into the tumor spheroids and deployed over the whole spheroid upon NIR exposure represents a promising therapy for the improved treatment of malignant neoplasms.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 59(1): 360-366, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859489

RESUMO

A new ternary phase with a composition Al1+xV2Sn2-x (x = 0.19) has been found during investigation of the Al-V-Sn ternary system. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that this ternary phase crystallizes with an orthorhombic structure with a = 5.5931(1) Å, b = 18.8017(5) Å, and c = 6.7005(2) Å (space group Cmce). This compound is thus isostructural to the GaV2Sn2 structure type, showing a layered structure composed of vanadium cluster bands formed with pentagonal faces intercalated by Sn atom layers. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy measurements confirm the orthorhombic structure. Regarding lattice perfection, no dislocation could be identified within the probed Al1.19V2Sn1.81 single-crystal lamella. Ab initio calculations reveal a reduction of the density of states at the Fermi level, which could be attributed to both a Hume-Rothery effect combined with strong spd hybridization.

5.
Talanta ; 208: 120396, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816758

RESUMO

Interesting sensing performances of indoor formaldehyde pollution were obtained when small amounts of zinc were introduced in tin oxides. Nanostructured Sn oxide-based porous materials doped with Zn or not, were synthesized using hydrothermal routes. The physicochemical properties of the as-prepared metal-oxide materials were characterized using nitrogen adsorption, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Gas sensors were prepared using the aforementioned tin oxide materials and they exhibited a high sensitivity to formaldehyde at 230 °C, as well as a good repeatability over the time. Their limit of formaldehyde detection was as low as 8 ppb in dry air and 50 ppb in air with 60% RH at 25 °C. These results were much better that those reported in the open literature and they were attributed to both higher area BET, around 180 m2/g, and smaller crystallite size, 3.1 nm.

6.
Micron ; 127: 102759, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585250

RESUMO

Copper surface after antibacterial test against E. coli was examined in the aspect of corrosion. Results from scanning electron microscope (SEM), grazing incidence X-ray diffractometer (GIXRD) and Raman spectroscopy together confirmed less oxidation on copper surface with the presence of E. coli. The inhibition of the cuprous oxide (Cu2O) layer instead ensured the continuous exposure of copper surface, letting localised corrosion attacks observable and causing a stronger release of copper ions. These phenomena are attributed to the fact that E. coli act as ions reservoirs since high amount of copper accumulation were found by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS).


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Corrosão , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão e Varredura , Oxirredução , Propriedades de Superfície
7.
Nanoscale ; 11(27): 13161, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243404

RESUMO

Correction for 'Laser printing of optically resonant hollow crystalline carbon nanostructures from 1D and 2D metal-organic frameworks' by Leila R. Mingabudinova et al., Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 10155-10159.

8.
Nanoscale ; 11(21): 10155-10159, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038502

RESUMO

Using a hybrid approach involving a slow diffusion method to synthesize 1D and 2D MOFs followed by their treatment with femtosecond infrared laser radiation, we generated 100-600 nm well-defined hollow spheres and hemispheres of graphite. This ultra-fast technique extends the library of shapes of crystalline MOF derivatives appropriate for all-dielectric nanophotonics.

9.
Chemphyschem ; 20(5): 719-726, 2019 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30629795

RESUMO

Here, we study the stress-induced self-organization of Mg2+ and Ni2+ cations in the crystal structure of multiwalled (Mg1-x ,Nix )3 Si2 O5 (OH)4 phyllosilicate nanoscrolls. The phyllosilicate layer strives to compensate size and surface energy difference between the metal oxide and silica sheets by curling. But as soon as the layer grows, the scrolling mechanism becomes a spent force. An energy model proposes secondary compensation of strain: two cations distribute along the nanoscroll spiral in accordance with preferable radii of curvature. To reveal this, we study synthetic (Mg1-x ,Nix )3 Si2 O5 (OH)4 nanoscrolls by the scanning transmission electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (STEM/EDS) technique. For a number of scrolls, we have found indeed a change of Ni concentration with increase in distance from the nanoscroll central axis. The concentration gradient, according to our estimates, can reach 50 at.% over 25 nm of the wall thickness.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(47): 40958-40965, 2018 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30398332

RESUMO

Plasmonic Cu nanoparticles (NP) were successfully deposited on ZnO substrates by atomic layer deposition (ALD) owing to the Volmer-Weber island growth mode. An evolution from Cu NP to continuous Cu films was observed with an increasing number of ALD cycles. Real and imaginary parts of the NP dielectric functions, determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry using an effective medium approach, evidence a localized surface plasmon resonance that can be tuned between the visible and near-infrared ranges by controlling the interparticle spacing and size of the NP. The resulting Cu NP/ZnO device shows an enhanced photoresponse under white light illumination with good responsivity values, fast response times, and stability under dark/light cycles. The significant photocurrent detected for this device is related to the hot-electron generation at the NP surface and injection into the conduction band of ZnO. The possibility of tuning the plasmon resonance together with the photoresponsivity of the device is promising in many applications related to photodetection, photonics, and photovoltaics.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(43): 37671-37678, 2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30261135

RESUMO

Area-selective atomic layer deposition (AS-ALD) has attracted much attention in recent years due to the possibility of achieving accurate patterns in nanoscale features, which render this technique compatible with the continuous downscaling in nanoelectronic devices. The growth selectivity is achieved by starting from different materials and results (ideally) in localized growth of a single material. We propose here a new concept, more subtle and general, in which a property of the substrate is modulated to achieve localized growth of different materials. This concept is demonstrated by selective growth of high-quality metallic Cu and semiconducting Cu2O thin films, achieved by changing the type of majority point defects in the ZnO underneath film exposed to the reactive species using a patterned bilayer structure composed of highly conductive and highly resistive areas, as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). The selective growth of these materials in a patterned ZnO/Al-doped ZnO substrate allows the fabrication of p-Cu2O/n-ZnO nanojunctions showing a nonlinear rectifying behavior typical of a p-n junction, as confirmed by conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM). This process expands the spectra of materials that can be grown in a selective manner by ALD and opens up the possibility of fabricating different architectures, taking advantage of the area-selective deposition. This offers a variety of opportunities in the field of transparent electronics, catalysis, and photovoltaics.

12.
Bioconjug Chem ; 29(7): 2248-2256, 2018 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29906097

RESUMO

Biocompatible thermoresponsive copolymers based on 2-(2-methoxyethoxy) ethyl methacrylate (MEO2MA) and oligo (ethylene glycol) methacrylate (OEGMA) were grown from the surface of ZnO quantum dots (QDs) by surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization with activators regenerated by electron transfer (SI-ARGET ATRP) in order to design smart and fluorescent core/shell nanosystems to be used toward cancer cells. Tunable lower critical solution temperature (LCST) values were obtained and studied in water and in culture medium. The complete efficiency of the process was demonstrated by the combination of spectroscopic and microscopic studies. The colloidal behavior of the ZnO/copolymer core/shell QDs in water and in physiological media with temperature was assessed. Finally, the cytotoxicity toward human colon cancer HT29 cells of the core/shell QDs was tested. The results showed that the polymer-capped QDs exhibited almost no toxicity at concentrations up to 12.5 µg.mL-1, while when loaded with doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), a higher cytotoxicity and a decreased HT29 cancer cell viability in a short time were observed.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Pontos Quânticos/uso terapêutico , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Coloides , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Células HT29 , Humanos , Metacrilatos/química , Polimerização , Pontos Quânticos/química , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Óxido de Zinco
13.
Inorg Chem ; 57(1): 422-434, 2018 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29257669

RESUMO

We report on a detailed investigation of the crystal structure and transport properties in a broad temperature range (2-723 K) of the homologous compounds (PbSe)5(Bi2Se3)3m for m = 2, 3. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction data indicate that the m = 2, 3 compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space groups C2/m (No. 12) and P21/m (No. 11), respectively. In agreement with diffraction data, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy analyses carried out on single crystals show that the three-dimensional crystal structures are built from alternating Pb-Se and m Bi-Se layers stacked along the a axis in both compounds. Scanning electron microcopy and electron-probe microanalyses reveal deviations from the nominal stoichiometry, suggesting a domain of existence in the pseudo binary phase diagram at 873 K. The complex atomic-scale structures of these compounds lead to very low lattice thermal conductivities κL that approach the glassy limit at high temperatures. A comparison of the κL values across this series unveiled an unexpected increase with increasing m from m = 1 to m = 3, in contrast to the expectation that increasing the structural complexity should tend to lower the thermal transport. This result points to a decisive role played by the Pb-Se/Bi-Se interfaces in limiting κL in this series. Both compounds behave as heavily doped n-type semiconductors with relatively low electrical resistivity and thermopower values. As a result, moderate peak ZT values of 0.25 and 0.20 at 700 K were achieved in the m = 2, 3 compounds, respectively. The inherent poor ability of these structures to conduct heat suggests that these homologous compounds may show interesting thermoelectric properties when properly optimized by extrinsic dopants.

14.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 17752, 2017 12 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29259182

RESUMO

The formation of copper atomic contacts has been investigated. Copper nanowires were grown by electrochemical deposition, in the scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) configuration, from a platinum microelectrode to an indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate. Self-termination leaves copper filaments between the two electrodes with an atomic point contact at the ITO electrode. Histogram analysis shows that the conductance of this contact is close to, or less than, 1 G0. Atomic contacts were also fabricated on ITO electrodes covered with vertically-aligned mesoporous silica films. Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy images show that copper filaments occupy individual isolated nanopores. Contacts generated on bare ITO break down rapidly in sodium salicylate, whereas those generated in ITO/nanopores are unaffected; the nanopores protect the copper filaments. Finally, atomic switch behaviour was obtained using these ITO and ITO/nanopores electrodes.

15.
Int J Pharm ; 532(2): 738-747, 2017 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28893585

RESUMO

The unique physical properties of the superparamagnetic nanoparticles (SPIONs) have made them candidates of choice in nanomedicine especially for diagnostic imaging, therapeutic applications and drug delivery based systems. In this study, superparamagnetic Fe3O4 NPs were synthesized and functionalized with a biocompatible thermoresponsive copolymer to obtain temperature responsive core/shell NPs. The ultimate goal of this work is to build a drug delivery system able to release anticancer drugs in the physiological temperatures range. The core/shell NPs were first synthesized and their chemical, physical, magnetic and thermo-responsive properties where fully characterized in a second step. The lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the core/shell NPs was tuned in physiological media in order to release the cancer drug at a controlled temperature slightly above the body temperature to avoid any premature release of the drug. The core/shell NPs exhibiting the targeted LCST were then loaded with Doxurubicin (DOX) and the drug release properties were then studied with the temperature. Moreover the cytotoxicity tests have shown that the core/shell NPs had a very limited cytotoxicity up to concentration of 25µg/mL. This investigation showed that the significant release occurred at the targeted temperature in the physiological media making those nano-systems very promising for further use in drug delivery platform.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Células HT29 , Humanos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Temperatura
16.
J Appl Crystallogr ; 50(Pt 3): 795-804, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28656040

RESUMO

For the ß phase of Ti-5553-type metastable ß-Ti alloys, striations in transmission electron microscopy (TEM) bright- and dark-field images have been frequently observed but their origin has not been sufficiently investigated. In the present work, this phenomenon is studied in depth from the macroscopic scale by neutron diffraction to the atomic scale by high-resolution TEM. The results reveal that the ß phase contains homogeneously distributed modulated structures, intermediate between that of the ß phase (cubic) and that of the α phase or the ω phase (hexagonal), giving rise to the appearance of additional diffraction spots at 1/2, 1/3 and 2/3 ß diffraction positions. The intermediate structure between ß and α is formed by the atomic displacements on each second {110}ß plane in the [Formula: see text] direction, whereas that between ß and ω is formed by atomic displacements on each second and third {112}ß plane in the opposite [Formula: see text] direction. Because of these atomic displacements, the {110}ß and {112}ß planes become faulted, resulting in the streaking of ß diffraction spots and the formation of extinction fringes in TEM bright- and dark-field images, the commonly observed striations. The present work reveals the origin of the striations and the intrinsic correlation with the additional electron reflections of the ß phase.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27076407

RESUMO

Recent studies have evidenced that Pt/AlN/Sapphire surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices are promising for high-temperature high-frequency applications. However, they cannot be used above 700°C in air atmosphere as the Pt interdigital transducers (IDTs) agglomerate and the AlN layer oxidizes in such conditions. In this paper, we explore the possibility to use an AlN protective overlayer to concurrently hinder these phenomena. To do so, AlN/IDT/AlN/Sapphire heterostructures undergo successive annealing steps from 800°C to 1000°C in air atmosphere. The impact of each step on the morphology, microstructure, and phase composition of AlN and Pt films is evaluated using optical microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). Finally, acoustical performance at room temperature of both protected and unprotected SAW devices are compared, as well as the effects of annealing on these performance. These investigations show that the use of an overlayer is one possible solution to strongly hinder the Pt IDTs agglomeration up to 1000°C. Moreover, AlN/IDT/AlN/Sapphire SAW heterostructures show promising performances in terms of stability up to 800°C. At higher temperatures, the oxidation of AlN is more intense and makes it inappropriate to be used as a protective layer.

18.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 139: 285-93, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26774052

RESUMO

Aggregation tests between bacteria and Polyethyleneimine (PEI) of low (600g/mol) and high (750,000g/mol) molecular weight were performed in order to address the physico-chemical mechanisms underlying the interactions between cationic polymer and bacterial membranes. The selected strain, Schewanella oneidensis MR-1, produces a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of various lengths depending on the growth conditions. Optical density, bioaggregate size, electrophoretic mobility measurements, TEM and AFM observations, and cell lysis tests (crystal violet release), were collected to describe the PEI-mediated aggregation of LPS-O-antigen-free and LPS-O-antigen-decorated bacteria. The results show that PEI of low molecular weight (600g/mol) fails to aggregate bacteria, whereas PEIs of higher molecular weight (60,000 and 750,000g/mol) lead to flocculation at low polymer concentrations. In addition, the LPS-O antigen bacterial superstructure is shown to act as a protective barrier, thus delaying the harmful effects of the cationic polymer. Despite this protection, the interaction of bacterial membranes with increasing concentrations of PEI leads to a series of deleterious processes including biosurface modification (peeling, membrane permeabilization and/or lysis), aggregation of bacterial cells, and complexation of PEI with both released biosurface fragments and cytoplasmic residues issued from lysis.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Polietilenoimina/farmacologia , Shewanella/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Celular/química , Membrana Celular/ultraestrutura , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Floculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/biossíntese , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Peso Molecular , Polietilenoimina/química , Shewanella/química , Shewanella/ultraestrutura , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
Nanotechnology ; 26(33): 335605, 2015 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26222921

RESUMO

In this work, we developed a new process to covalently graft a thermoresponsive polymer on the surface of fluorescent nanocrystals in order to synthesize materials that combine both responsive and fluorescent properties. For the first time, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) was grown by activator regenerated by electron transfer-atom transfer radical polymerization (ARGET-ATRP) from ZnO quantum dots (QDs) by surface-initiated polymerization. This process allowed the formation of fluorescent and responsive ZnO/PNIPAM core/shell QDs while only requiring the use of a ppm amount of copper for the synthesis. The influence of the nature of the silanized layer and the polymerization time on the properties of the final nanomaterials were investigated. Results clearly evidence that both the PNIPAM layer thickness and the temperature affected the luminescence properties of the core/shell nanoparticles, but also that the PNIPAM layer, when it is thick enough, could stabilize the QDs' optical properties.

20.
Environ Sci Technol ; 48(20): 11901-9, 2014 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25226238

RESUMO

Among trace metal pollutants, zinc is the major one in the rivers from the Paris urban area, such as the Orge River, where Zn concentration in the suspended particulate matter (SPM) can reach 2000 mg/kg in the most urbanized areas. In order to better understand Zn cycling in such urban rivers, we have determined Zn speciation in SPM as a function of both the seasonal water flow variations and the urbanization gradient along the Orge River. Using TEM/SEM-EDX and linear combination fitting (LCF) of EXAFS data at the Zn K-edge, we show that Zn mainly occurs as tetrahedrally coordinated Zn(2+) sorbed to ferrihydrite (37-46%), calcite (0-37%), amorphous SiO2 (0-21%), and organic-P (0-30%) and as octahedrally coordinated Zn(2+) in the octahedral layer of phyllosilicates (18-25%). Moreover, the Zn speciation pattern depends on the river flow rate. At low water flow, Zn speciation changes along the urbanization gradient: geogenic forms of Zn inherited from soil erosion decrease relative to Zn bound to organic-phosphates and amorphous SiO2. At high water flow, Zn speciation is dominated by soil-borne forms of Zn regardless the degree of urbanization, indicating that erosion of Zn-bearing minerals dominates the Zn contribution to SPM under such conditions.


Assuntos
Cidades , Material Particulado/química , Rios , Estações do Ano , Urbanização , Zinco/isolamento & purificação , França , Espectrometria por Raios X , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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