Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 32
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epiaortic ultrasound (EAU) is a valid imaging method to detect atherosclerotic changes of the ascending aorta and to guide surgical strategies for prevention of cerebral embolism in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, its use is not widespread. METHODS: The impact of EAU on the outcome after isolated CABG has been investigated in patients from the multicenter E-CABG registry. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature was performed to substantiate the findings of this observational study. RESULTS: Out of 7241 patients from the E-CABG registry, EAU was performed intraoperatively in 673 patients (9.3%). In the overall series, the rates of stroke without and with aortic manipulation were 0.3% and 1.3% (p=0.003). In 660 propensity score matched pairs, EAU was associated with significantly lower risk of stroke (0.6% vs. 2.6%, p=0.007). Literature search yielded five studies fulfilling the inclusion criteria. These studies along with the present one included 11496 patients, of whom 3026 (25.7%) underwent intraoperative EAU and their rate of postoperative stroke was significantly lower than in patients not investigated with EAU (pooled rate, 0.6% vs. 1.9%; RR 0.40, 95%CI 0.24-0.66, I2 0%). Based on these pooled rates, the number needed to treat to prevent one stroke is 76.9. CONCLUSIONS: Avoiding aortic manipulation is associated with the lowest risk of stroke in patients undergoing CABG. When manipulation of the ascending aorta is planned, EAU is effective in guiding the surgical strategy to reduce the risk for embolic stroke in these patients.

2.
Int J Cardiol ; 292: 62-67, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31130281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess early and late mortality in patients with isolated acute tricuspid valve infective endocarditis (TVIE) using data from a multicenter registry. METHODS: From 1983 to 2018, isolated acute TVIE was surgically treated in 157 (3.8%) patients [mean age 47 ±â€¯16 years (range 15-86 years), 25% females]. Of these, 142 (90%) had native tricuspid regurgitation, 7 (5%) native tricuspid valve (TV) steno-regurgitation, and 8 (5%) prosthetic TVIE. Intravenous drug use (IVDU) was recorded in 38% of patients, infection involved cardiac implantable electronic device leads in 21%, and vascular catheters for dialysis in 1%; in the remaining cases, the cause was unknown. The primary endpoint was in-hospital outcome, long-term freedom from recurrence and overall survival. RESULTS: Overall, 77 (49%) patients underwent TV repair, 72 (46%) TV replacement, and 8 (5%) prosthetic TV replacement. Early mortality was 11% (n = 17). Expected early mortality according to EndoSCORE was 12%, with age (odds ratio 1.06) and redo (odds ratio 6.64) as risk factors. Late deaths occurred in 31 patients and TVIE recurrences in 4. Survival rates at 10, 20, and 25 years were 66%, 60%, and 44%, respectively. Risk factors were age [hazard ratio (HR) 1.06], mycotic TVIE (HR 4.2), IVDU (HR 4.90), infected prosthesis replacement (HR 4.4), and presence of cardiac implantable electronic device leads (HR 3.0). No significant difference was found in valve repair vs. replacement and in IVDUs vs. non-IVDUs. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with isolated acute TVIE undergoing surgical treatment show acceptable early and late outcomes. TVIE recurrence was low, and repair of the affected valve does not seem to confer any advantage either at early or long term up to 25 years.

3.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 107(6): 1690-1698, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We evaluated perioperative bleeding after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients preoperatively treated with ticagrelor or clopidogrel, stratified by discontinuation of these P2Y12 inhibitors. METHODS: All patients from the prospective, European Multicenter Registry on Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (E-CABG) treated with ticagrelor or clopidogrel undergoing isolated primary CABG were eligible. The primary outcome measure was severe or massive bleeding defined according to the Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding, stratified by P2Y12 inhibitor discontinuation. Secondary outcome measures included four additional definitions of major bleeding. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for differences in preoperative and perioperative covariates. RESULTS: Of 2,311 patients who were included, 1,293 (55.9%) received clopidogrel and 1,018 (44.1%) ticagrelor preoperatively. Mean time between discontinuation and the operation was 4.5 ± 3.2 days for clopidogrel and 4.9 ± 3.0 days for ticagrelor. In the propensity score-matched cohort, ticagrelor-treated patients had a higher incidence of major bleeding according to Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding when ticagrelor was discontinued 0 to 2 days compared with 3 days before the operation (16.0% vs 2.7%, p = 0.003). Clopidogrel-treated patients had a higher incidence of major bleeding according to the Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding when clopidogrel was discontinued 0 to 3 days compared with 4 to 5 days before the operation (15.6% vs 8.3%, p = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: In patients receiving ticagrelor 2 days before CABG and in those receiving clopidogrel 3 days before CABG, there was an increased rate of severe bleeding. Postponing nonemergent CABG for at least 3 days after discontinuation of ticagrelor and 4 days after clopidogrel should be considered.

4.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(4): 565-570, 2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527774

RESUMO

The perioperative bleeding risk in patients receiving fondaparinux versus low-molecular weight heparin before coronary artery bypass grafting has not been reported. We evaluated perioperative coronary artery bypass grafting-related bleeding in patients with acute coronary syndrome preoperatively treated with fondaparinux or low-molecular weight heparin. All patients with acute coronary syndrome from the prospective, European multicenter registry on coronary artery bypass grafting preoperatively treated with fondaparinux or low-molecular weight heparin undergoing isolated primary CABG were eligible. The primary outcome measure was severe or massive bleeding defined according to the Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding stratified by P2Y12 inhibitor discontinuation. Secondary outcome measures included 3 additional definitions of major bleeding used in cardiac surgery trials. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for differences in pre- and perioperative covariates. 1,525 patients were included, of whom 276 (18.1%) received fondaparinux and 1,249 (81.9%) low-molecular weight heparin preoperatively. In the propensity score-matched cohort (245 pairs), the risk of major bleeding according to the universal definition of perioperative bleeding severe or massive bleeding (11.8 vs 9.0%, p = 0.285) and the 3 other major bleeding definitions was similar between the fondaparinux and low-molecular weight heparin cohorts. In conclusion, preoperative treatment with fondaparinux compared with low-molecular weight heparin was associated with similar incidence of perioperative bleeding in patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting.

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(20): e010089, 2018 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30371287

RESUMO

Background Multiple percutaneous coronary interventions ( PCIs ) are considered determinant of poor outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting ( CABG ), but scarce data exist to substantiate this. Methods and Results Patients who underwent CABG without history of prior PCI or with PCI performed >30 days before surgery were selected for the present analysis from the prospective, multicenter E-CABG (European Multicenter Study on Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) registry. Out of 6563 patients with data on preoperative SYNTAX (Synergy between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score, 1181 patients (18.0%) had undergone PCI >30 days before CABG . Of these, 11.6% underwent a single PCI , 4.4% 2 PCI s, and 2.1% ≥3 PCI s. PCI of a single main coronary vessel was performed in 11.3%, of 2 main vessels in 4.9%, and of 3 main vessels in 1.6% of patients. Multivariable analysis showed that differences in early mortality and other outcomes were not significantly different in the study cohorts. The adjusted hospital/30-day mortality rate was 1.8% in patients without history of prior PCI , 1.9% in those with a history of 1 PCI , 1.4% after 2 PCI s, and 2.5% after ≥3 PCI s (adjusted P=0.8). The adjusted hospital/30-day mortality rate was 2.0% in those who had undergone PCI of 1 main coronary vessel, 1.3% after PCI of 2 main vessels, and 3.1% after PCI of 3 main coronary vessels (adjusted P=0.6). Conclusions Multiple prior PCI s are not associated with increased risk of early adverse events in patients undergoing isolated CABG . The present results are conditional to survival after PCI and should not be viewed as a support for a policy of multiple PCI as opposed to earlier CABG . Clinical Trial Registration URL : http://www.Clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT 02319083.

6.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 56(5): 741-748, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30197287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of untreated asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (CS) in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: This was a post hoc analysis of data from a prospective multicentre observational study. Patients without history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack from the multicentre E-CABG registry who were screened for CS before isolated CABG were included. RESULTS: Among 2813 patients screened by duplex ultrasound and who did not undergo carotid intervention for asymptomatic CS, 11.1% had a stenosis of 50-59%, 6.0% of 60-69%, 3.1% of 70-79%, 1.4% of 80-89%, 0.5% of 90-99%, and 1.1% had carotid occlusion. In the screened population post-operative stroke occurred in 25 patients (0.9%), with an incidence of 1.5% among patients with CS ≥ 50% (n = 649). Pre-operative screening had not found a relevant CS in 15 of 25 patients suffering stroke after CABG. Brain imaging identified cerebral ischaemic injury in 20 patients, which was bilateral in five patients (25%), ipsilateral to a CS ≥ 50% in six (30%), and ipsilateral to a CS ≥ 70% in three (15%). In univariable analysis, the severity of CS was associated with a significantly increased risk of stroke (CS < 50%, 0.7%; 50-59%, 1.0%; 60-69%, 0.6%; 70-79%, 1.2%; 80-89%, 5.1%; 90-99%, 7.7%; occluded, 6.7%, p < .001). In multivariable analysis, a CS of 90-99% (OR 12.03, 95% CI 1.34-108.23) and the presence of an occluded internal carotid artery (OR 8.783, 95% CI 1.820-42.40) were independent predictors of stroke along with urgency of the procedure, severe massive bleeding according to the E-CABG classification, and the presence of a porcelain ascending aorta. CONCLUSIONS: Among screened patients with untreated asymptomatic patients, CS ≥ 90% was an independent predictor of post-operative stroke. As this condition has a low prevalence and when left untreated is associated with a relatively low rate of stroke, pre-operative screening of asymptomatic CS before CABG may not be justified. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02319083.

7.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 54(6): 1102-1109, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29897529

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of frailty on the outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and whether it may improve the predictive ability of European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE II). METHODS: The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) was assessed preoperatively in patients undergoing isolated CABG from the multicentre E-CABG registry, and patients were stratified into 3 classes: scores 1-2, scores 3-4 and scores 5-7. RESULTS: Of the 6156 patients enrolled, 39.2% had CFS scores 1-2, 57.6% scores 3-4, and 3.2% scores 5-7. Logistic regression adjusted for multiple covariates showed that the CFS was an independent predictor of hospital/30-day mortality [CFS scores 3-4, odds ratio (OR) 3.95, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.19-7.14; CFS scores 5-7, OR 5.90, 95% CI 2.67-13.05] and resulted in an Integrated Improvement Index of 1.3 (P < 0.001) and a Net Reclassification Index of 55.6 (P < 0.001) for prediction of hospital/30-day mortality. Adding the CFS classes to EuroSCORE II resulted in an Integrated Improvement Index of 0.9 (P < 0.001) and Net Reclassification Index of 59.6 (P < 0.001) for prediction of hospital/30-day mortality with a significantly larger area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (0.809 vs 0.781, P = 0.028). The CFS was an independent predictor of mid-term mortality [CFS scores 3-4, hazard ratio (HR) 2.05, 95% CI 1.43-2.85; CFS scores 5-7, HR 3.05, 95% CI 1.83-5.06]. CONCLUSIONS: The CFS predicted early- and mid-term mortality in patients undergoing isolated CABG. Further studies are needed to evaluate whether frailty may improve the estimation of the operative risk of patients undergoing adult cardiac surgery. Clinicaltrials.gov number: NCT02319083.

8.
Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes ; 4(4): 246-257, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29939246

RESUMO

Aims: No data exists on inter-institutional differences in terms of adherence to international guidelines regarding the discontinuation of antithrombotics and rates of severe bleeding in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and results: This is an analysis of 7118 patients from the prospective multicentre European CABG (E-CABG) registry who underwent isolated CABG in 15 European centres. Preoperative pause of P2Y12 receptor antagonists shorter than that suggested by the 2017 ESC guidelines (overall 11.6%) ranged from 0.7% to 24.8% between centres (adjusted P < 0.0001) and increased the rate of severe-massive bleeding [E-CABG bleeding grades 2-3, OR 1.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.27-2.17; Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding (UDPB) bleeding grades 3-4, OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.16-1.93]. The incidence of resternotomy for bleeding (overall 2.6%) ranged from 0% to 6.9% (adjusted P < 0.0001), and surgical site bleeding (overall 59.6%) ranged from 0% to 84.6% (adjusted P = 0.003). The rate of the UDPB bleeding grades 3-4 (overall 8.4%) ranged from 3.7% to 22.3% (P < 0.0001), and of the E-CABG bleeding grades 2-3 (overall 6.5%) ranged from 0.4% to 16.4% between centres (P < 0.0001). Resternotomy for bleeding (adjusted OR 5.04, 95% CI 2.85-8.92), UDPB bleeding grades 3-4 (adjusted OR 6.61, 95% CI 4.42-9.88), and E-CABG bleeding grades 2-3 (adjusted OR 8.71, 95% CI 5.76-13.15) were associated with an increased risk of hospital/30-day mortality. Conclusions: Adherence to the current guidelines on the early discontinuation of P2Y12 receptor antagonists is of utmost importance to reduce excessive bleeding and early mortality after CABG. Inter-institutional variation should be considered for a correct interpretation of the results in multicentre studies evaluating perioperative bleeding and use of blood products.

9.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 25(1_suppl): 3-14, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29708034

RESUMO

Background Existing evidence suggests that patients affected by acute aortic syndromes (AAS) may benefit from treatment at dedicated specialized aortic centres. The purpose of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis to evaluate the impact aortic service configuration has in clinical outcomes in AAS patients. Methods The design was a quantitative and qualitative review of observational studies. We searched PubMed/ MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library from inception to the end of December 2017 to identify eligible articles. Areas of interest included hospital and surgeon volume activity, presence of a multidisciplinary thoracic aortic surgery program, and a dedicated on-call aortic team. Participants were patients undergoing repair for AAS, and odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were adopted for synthesizing hospital/30-day mortality. Results A total of 79,131 adult patients from a total of 30 studies were obtained. No randomized studies were identified. Pooled unadjusted ORs showed that patients treated in high-volume centres or by high-volume surgeons were associated with lower mortality rates (OR 0.51; 95% CI 0.46-0.56, and OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.25-0.66, respectively). Pooled adjusted estimates for both high-volume centres and surgeons confirmed these survival benefits (adjusted OR, 0.56; 95% CI 0.45-0.70, respectively). Patients treated in centres that introduced a specific multidisciplinary aortic program and a dedicated on-call aortic team also showed a significant reduction in mortality (OR 0.31; 95% CI 0.19-0.5, and OR 0.37; 95% CI 0.15-0.87, respectively). Conclusions We found that specialist aortic care improves outcomes and decreases mortality in patients affected by AAS.

10.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 25(1_suppl): 32-41, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29708035

RESUMO

Background Gender-related biases in outcomes after thoracic aortic surgery are an important factor to consider in the prevention of potential complications related to aortic diseases and in the analysis of surgical results. Methods The aim of this study is to provide an up-to-date review of gender-related differences in the epidemiology, specific risk factors, outcome, and screening and prevention programmes in aortic aneurysms. Results Female patients affected by aortic disease still have worse outcomes and higher early and late mortality than men. It is difficult to plan new specific strategies to improve outcomes in women undergoing major aortic surgery, given that the true explanations for their poorer outcomes are as yet not clearly identified. Some authors recommend further investigation of hormonal or molecular explanations for the sex differences in aortic disease. Others stress the need for quality improvement projects to quantify the preoperative risk in high-risk populations using non-invasive tests such as cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Conclusions The treatment of patients classified as high risk could thus be optimised before surgery becomes necessary by means of numerous strategies, such as the administration of high-dose statin therapy, antiplatelet treatment, optimal control of hypertension, lifestyle improvement with smoking cessation, weight loss and careful control of diabetes. Future efforts are needed to understand better the gender differences in the diagnosis, management and outcome of aortic aneurysm disease, and for appropriate and modern management of female patients.

11.
Int J Surg ; 53: 354-359, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29665452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with increased glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) seem to be at increased risk of sternal wound infection (SWI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, it is unclear whether increased baseline HbA1c levels may affect other postoperative outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on preoperative levels of HbA1c were collected from 2606 patients undergoing elective isolated CABG from 2015 to 2016 and included in the prospective, multicenter E-CABG registry. RESULTS: The prevalence of HbA1c ≥ 53 mmol/mol (7.0%) among non-diabetics was 5.3%, among non-insulin dependent diabetics was 53.5% and among insulin dependent diabetics was 67.1% (p < 0.001). The prevalence of HbA1c > 75 mmol/mol (9.0%) among non-diabetics was 0.5%, among non-insulin dependent diabetics was 5.8% and among insulin dependent diabetics was 10.6% (p < 0.001). Baseline levels of HbA1c ≥ 53 mmol/mol (7.0%) was a significant predictor of any SWI (10.7% vs. 3.3%, adjusted p-value: <0.001), deep SWI/mediastinitis (3.8% vs. 1.3%, adjusted p-value: 0.001) and acute kidney injury (27.4% vs. 19.8%, adjusted p-value: 0.042). These findings were confirmed in multilevel mixed effect logistic regression adjusted for participating centers. Among patients with diabetes, HbA1c ≥ 53 mmol/mol (7.0%) was predictive of SWI (11.1% vs. 4.8%, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: HbA1c is increased in a significant proportion of patients undergoing elective CABG and these patients are at higher risk of SWI. Less clear is the impact of increased HbA1c on other postoperative outcomes. These results do not support screening of HbA1c in patients without history of diabetes. Preoperative screening of HbA1c is valuable only to identify diabetics at risk of SWI.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
12.
Platelets ; : 1-7, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676943

RESUMO

The impact of thrombocytopenia on postoperative bleeding and other major adverse events after cardiac surgery is unclear. This issue was investigated in a series of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) from the prospective, multicenter E-CABG registry. Preoperative thrombocytopenia was defined as preoperative platelet count <150 × 109/L and it was considered moderate-severe when preoperative platelet count was <100 × 109/L. Multilevel mixed-effects regression analysis was performed to adjust the effect of thrombocytopenia on outcomes for baseline and operative covariates as well as for interinstitutional differences in patient-blood management. Among 7189 patients included in this analysis, 599 (8.3%) had preoperative thrombocytopenia. Patient with preoperative thrombocytopenia had an increased chest drainage output at 12 h (mean, 519 vs. 456 mL, adjusted coeff. 39, 95%CI 18-60) and rates of severe-massive bleeding (Universal Definition of Perioperative Bleeding (UDPB) severity grades 3-4: 12.7% vs. 8.1%, adjusted OR 1.47, 95%CI 1.11-1.93; E-CABG bleeding severity grades 2-3: 10.4% vs. 6.1%, adjusted OR 1.78, 95%CI 1.30-2.43). Thrombocytopenia was associated with an increased risk of hospital/30-day death (3.2% vs. 1.9%, adjusted OR 2.02, 95%CI 1.20-3.42), 1-year death (5.7% vs. 3.4%, adjusted HR 1.68, 95%CI 1.16-2.44), deep sternal wound infection (3.5% vs. 2.4%, adjusted OR 1.65, 95%CI 1.02-2.66), acute kidney injury (28.1% vs. 22.2%, OR 1.45, 1.18-1.78), and prolonged stay in the intensive care unit (mean, 3.6 vs 2.8 days, adjusted coeff. 0.74, 95%CI 0.40-1.09). Similar results were observed in a subset of patients with moderate-severe thrombocytopenia (51 patients, 0.7%). In particular, these patients had a markedly higher rate of acute kidney injury (40%, adjusted OR, 1.94, 95%CI 1.05-3.57), resternotomy for bleeding (7.8%, adjusted OR 3.49, 95%CI 1.20-10.21), and severe-massive bleeding (UDPB severity grades 3-4: 23.5%, adjusted OR 3.08, 95%CI 1.52-6.22; E-CABG bleeding severity grades 2-3: 23.5%, adjusted OR 4.43, 95%CI 2.15-9.15) compared to patients with normal preoperative platelet count. Mild preoperative thrombocytopenia is associated with increased risk of severe-massive bleeding, mortality, and other major adverse events after CABG. Such risks are markedly increased in patients with moderate-severe preoperative thrombocytopenia.

13.
BMJ Open ; 8(2): e018036, 2018 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29440154

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Traditional and transcatheter surgical treatments of severe aortic valve stenosis (SAVS) are increasing in parallel with the improved life expectancy. Recent randomised controlled trials (RCTs) reported comparable or non-inferior mortality with transcatheter treatments compared with traditional surgery. However, RCTs have the limitation of being a mirror of the predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria, without reflecting the 'real clinical world'. Technological improvements have recently allowed the development of minimally invasive surgical accesses and the use of sutureless valves, but their impact on the clinical scenario is difficult to assess because of the monocentric design of published studies and limited sample size. A prospective multicentre registry including all patients referred for a surgical treatment of SAVS (traditional, through full sternotomy; minimally invasive; or transcatheter; with both 'sutured' and 'sutureless' valves) will provide a 'real-world' picture of available results of current surgical options and will help to clarify the 'grey zones' of current guidelines. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: European Aortic Valve Registry is a prospective observational open registry designed to collect all data from patients admitted for SAVS, with or without coronary artery disease, in 16 cardiac surgery centres located in six countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and UK). Patients will be enrolled over a 2-year period and followed up for a minimum of 5 years to a maximum of 10 years after enrolment. Outcome definitions are concordant with Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria and established guidelines. Primary outcome is 5-year all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes aim at establishing 'early' 30-day all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, as well as major morbidity, and 'late' cardiovascular mortality, major morbidity, structural and non-structural valve complications, quality of life and echocardiographic results. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol is approved by local ethics committees. Any formal presentation or publication of data will be considered as a joint publication by the participating physician(s) and will follow the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors for authorship. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03143361; Pre-results.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Causas de Morte , Europa (Continente) , Seguimentos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Sistema de Registros , Projetos de Pesquisa , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(2): e005650, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29440275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical impact of prior percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains unsettled. We sought to determine whether prior PCI is associated with adverse outcome after CABG. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the prospective E-CABG (European Multicenter Study on Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting) conducted between January 2015 and March 2016 at 16 European centres were analyzed using propensity weighted methodology to adjust for confounding. A parallel systematic review/meta-analysis (MEDLINE, Embase, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library) through September 2017 was accomplished. Of a total of 3641 adult patients included in the E-CABG study, 685 (19%) patients had a history of PCI. At multivariable level, prior PCI was not associated with an increased hospital mortality in both unweighted and weighted patient groups (odds ratio, 0.73; 95% confidence interval, 0.29-1.38; P=0.33 and odds ratio, 0.90; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-2.08; P=0.81, respectively). Subgroup analyses confirmed that prior PCI had no impact on hospital mortality and morbidity, including reexploration for bleeding, blood transfusion, hospital resource use, and neurological, renal, and cardiac complications. The systematic review provided a total of 71 366 individuals and showed a trend toward higher in-hospital/30-day mortality (adjusted odds ratio, 1.30; 95% confidence interval, 0.99-1.70; I2=43.1%) in patients with prior PCI. CONCLUSIONS: Our prospective multicenter study showed that prior PCI was not associated with an increased risk of mortality or other adverse outcomes in patients undergoing CABG. In light of a trend toward increased mortality observed in the meta-analysis, further studies are needed to ascertain the prognostic impact of prior PCI in the outcome after CABG. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02319083.

15.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 105(6): 1717-1723, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29410264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting is increasingly used in elderly patients without evidence of its risks or benefits compared with single internal mammary artery (SIMA) grafting. METHODS: In all, 2,899 patients aged 70 years or older (855 [29.5%] underwent BIMA grafting) operated on from January 2015 to December 2016 and included in the prospective multicenter Outcome After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (E-CABG) study were considered in this analysis. RESULTS: One-to-one propensity matching resulted in 804 pairs with similar preoperative risk profile. Propensity score matched analysis showed that BIMA grafting was associated with a nonstatistically significant increased risk of inhospital death (2.7% versus 1.6%, p = 0.117). The BIMA grafting cohort had a significantly increased risk of any sternal wound infection (7.7% versus 5.1%, p = 0.031) as well as higher risk of deep sternal wound infection/mediastinitis (4.0% versus 2.2%, p = 0.048). The BIMA grafting cohort required more frequently extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (1.0% versus 0.1%, p = 0.02), and the intensive care unit stay (mean 3.6 versus 2.6 days, p < 0.001) and inhospital stay (mean 11.3 versus 10.0 days, p < 0.001) were significantly longer compared with the SIMA grafting cohort. Test for interaction showed that urgent operation in patients undergoing BIMA grafting was associated with higher risk of inhospital death (5.6% versus 1.3%, p = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral internal mammary artery grafting in elderly patients seems to be associated with a worse early outcome compared with SIMA grafting, particularly in patients undergoing urgent operation. Until more conclusive results are gathered, BIMA grafting should be reserved only for elderly patients with stable coronary artery disease, without significant baseline comorbidities and with long life expectancy.

16.
Heart Lung Circ ; 27(12): 1476-1482, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29276146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic impact of cross-clamp time (XCT) in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has not been thoroughly investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 2957 patients who underwent on-pump isolated CABG from the prospective multicentre E-CABG study were the subjects of this analysis. RESULTS: The mean XCT in this series was 58±25minutes Cross-clamp time was >60 minutes in 1134 patients (38.3%), >75minutes in 619 patients (20.9%) and >90minutes in 296 patients (10.0%). Multivariate analysis showed that XCT was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (p<0.0001, OR 1.027, 95%CI 1.015-1.039) along with age (p<0.0001), female gender (p=0.001), pulmonary disease (p=0.001), poor mobility (p=0.002), urgency status (p=0.007), critical preoperative status (p=0.002) and participating centres (p=0.015). Adjusted risk of 30-day mortality was highest for XCT >75minutes (2.9% vs. 1.7%, p=0.002, OR 3.479, 95%CI 1.609-7.520). Analysis of 428 propensity score matched pairs showed that XCT >75minutes was associated with significantly increased risk of early mortality, prolonged use of inotropes, postoperative use of intra-aortic balloon pump, use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, atrial fibrillation, prolonged stay in the intensive care unit and of composite major adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Isolated CABG is currently performed with prolonged XCT in a significant number of patients and this seems to be a determinant of poor early outcome.

17.
Heart Lung Circ ; 2018 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) might be more effective than fresh frozen plasma (FFP) to reduce red blood cell (RBC) transfusion requirement after cardiac surgery. METHODS: This is a comparative analysis of 416 patients who received FFP postoperatively and 119 patients who received PCC with or without FFP after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). RESULTS: Mixed-effects regression analyses adjusted for multiple covariates and participating centres showed that PCC significantly decreased RBC transfusion (67.2% vs. 87.5%, adjusted OR 0.319, 95%CI 0.136-0.752) and platelet transfusion requirements (11.8% vs. 45.2%, adjusted OR 0.238, 95%CI 0.097-0.566) compared with FFP. The PCC cohort received a mean of 2.7±3.7 (median, 2.0, IQR 4) units of RBC and the FFP cohort received a mean of 4.9±6.3 (median, 3.0, IQR 4) units of RBC (adjusted coefficient, -1.926, 95%CI -3.357-0.494). The use of PCC increased the risk of KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) acute kidney injury (41.4% vs. 28.2%, adjusted OR 2.300, 1.203-4.400), but not of KDIGO acute kidney injury stage 3 (6.0% vs. 8.0%, OR 0.850, 95%CI 0.258-2.796) when compared with the FFP cohort. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the use of PCC compared with FFP may reduce the need of blood transfusion after CABG.

18.
J Crit Care ; 40: 207-212, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28445858

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of minor perioperative bleeding requiring transfusion of 1-2 red blood cell (RBC) units on the outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Sixteen cardiac surgical centers contributed to the prospective European CABG registry (E-CABG). 1014 patients receiving 1-2 RBC units during or after isolated CABG were compared to 2264 patients not receiving RBCs. RESULTS: In 827 propensity score matched pairs, transfusion of 1-2 RBC units did not affect the risk of in-hospital/30-day death (p=0.523) or stroke (p=0.804). However, RBC transfusion was associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (p=0.008), sternal wound infection (p=0.001), postoperative use of antibiotics (p=0.001), prolonged use of inotropes (p<0.0001), use of intra-aortic balloon pump (p=0.012), length of intensive care unit stay (p<0.0001) and length of in-hospital stay (p<0.0001). Matched paired analysis excluding pre- and postoperative critical hemodynamic conditions showed that RBC transfusion was associated with an increased risk of major complications except in-hospital/30-day death. CONCLUSION: Minor perioperative bleeding and subsequent transfusion of 1-2 RBC units did not affect the risk of early death, but increased the risk of other major adverse events. Minimizing perioperative bleeding and prevention of even low-volume RBC transfusion may improve the outcome after CABG.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Hemorragia/terapia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Período Intraoperatório , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Thromb Haemost ; 117(3): 445-456, 2017 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27904903

RESUMO

Severe perioperative bleeding after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with poor outcome. An additive score for prediction of severe bleeding was derived (n=2494) and validated (n=1250) in patients from the E-CABG registry. Severe bleeding was defined as E-CABG bleeding grades 2-3 (transfusion of >4 units of red blood cells or reoperation for bleeding). The overall incidence of severe bleeding was 6.4 %. Preoperative anaemia (3 points), female gender (2 points), eGFR <45 ml/min/1.73 m2 (3 points), potent antiplatelet drugs discontinued less than five days (2 points), critical preoperative state (5 points), acute coronary syndrome (2 points), use of low-molecular-weight heparin/fondaparinux/unfractionated heparin (1 point) were independent predictors of severe bleeding. The WILL-BLEED score was associated with increasing rates of severe bleeding in both the derivation and validation cohorts (scores 0-3: 2.9 % vs 3.4 %; scores 4-6: 6.8 % vs 7.5 %; scores>6: 24.6 % vs 24.2 %, both p<0.0001). The WILL-BLEED score had a better discriminatory ability (AUC 0.725) for prediction of severe bleeding compared to the ACTION (AUC 0.671), CRUSADE (AUC 0.642), Papworth (AUC 0.605), TRUST (AUC 0.660) and TRACK (AUC 0.640) bleeding scores. The net reclassification index and integrated discrimination improvement using the WILL-BLEED score as opposed to the other bleeding scores were significant (p<0.0001). The decision curve analysis demonstrated a net benefit with the WILL-BLEED score compared to the other bleeding scores. In conclusion, the WILL-BLEED risk score is a simple risk stratification method which allows the identification of patients at high risk of severe bleeding after CABG.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Transfusion ; 57(1): 178-186, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27774615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive bleeding and blood transfusion are associated with adverse outcome after cardiac surgery, but their mechanistic effects are difficult to disentangle in patients with increased operative risk. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognostic impact of bleeding and transfusion of blood products in low-risk patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Sixteen tertiary European centers of cardiac surgery contributed to the prospective European registry of CABG (E-CABG). The severity of bleeding was defined by the E-CABG bleeding severity classification and universal definition of perioperative bleeding (UDPB) classification. RESULTS: Of 1213 patients with EuroSCORE II of less than 2% (mean, 1.1 ± 0.4%), 18.5% suffered from mild bleeding (E-CABG bleeding Grade 1) and 3.4% experienced severe bleeding (E-CABG bleeding Grade 2-3). Similarly, 19.7% had UDPB Class 2 and 5.9% had UDPB Classes 3 and 4. Mild and severe bleeding defined by the E-CABG and UDPB classifications were associated with an increased risk of several adverse events as adjusted by multiple covariates. The risk of death, stroke, and acute kidney injury was particularly increased in patients with severe bleeding. CONCLUSION: Severe bleeding is rather uncommon in low-risk patients undergoing CABG, but it is associated with an increased risk of major adverse events. Prevention of excessive perioperative bleeding and patient blood management may improve the outcome of cardiac surgery also in low-risk patients.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA