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1.
Microsc Microanal ; 25(6): 1466-1470, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556362

RESUMO

In this work, strongly blue emitting Ce3+-activated BaAl2O4 nanophosphors were successfully synthesized by a sol-gel technique. The crystal structure, morphology, and microstructure of the nanophosphors have been studied by X-ray powder diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The photoluminescence spectra show the impact of concentration variation of Ce3+ on the photoluminescence emission of the phosphor. These nanophosphors display intense blue emission peaking at 422 nm generated by the Ce3+ 5d → 4f transition under 350 nm excitation. Our results reveal that this nanophosphor has the capability to take part in the emergent domain of solid-state lighting and field-emission display devices.

2.
ACS Omega ; 4(6): 9686-9696, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460059

RESUMO

The trimetallic Fe/Al/Ti (1:1:1) nanocomposite (FAT), synthesized by an adaptable tuned chemical route, offers a new approach for water treatment, for example, the de-fluoridation and photodegradation soluble dye methylene blue (MB) at pH 7. FAT acted as a good fluoride scavenger in the presence of other co-ions and within a widespread pH range (pH 2-11). The photodegradation efficiencies were >90% for different concentrations of MB solutions. The characterization of FAT includes thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and ζ-potential analysis. Furthermore, the regeneration efficiencies of both the water treatments were checked, where the removal efficiency was not hampered significantly even after five batches. Spectroscopic techniques were adopted to perform the kinetic studies and to propose the probable mechanistic paths.

3.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 553: 177-185, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202054

RESUMO

Although, great attention is paid to synthesize fluorescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs) for versatile applications, the field remains still attractive to achieve white light using these nano materials. In the present work, CQDs are synthesized from citric acid and lanthanide ions viz. Europium (Eu) and Terbium (Tb) are doped in CQD moiety to explore superior optical response for multifunctional applications. By proper tuning of excitation wavelength, perfect white light with Commission Internationale de l'Elcairage (CIE) index (0.345, 0.344) is obtained using these Europium Terbium co-doped CQDs (Eu-Tb-CQD). The observed photoluminescence of white light emitting lanthanide based CQD is pH dependent and will be used as a visual pH sensor. These luminescent Eu and Tb co-doped CQDs are also very useful to detect toxic Cr (VI) with excellent selectivity and sensitivity as compared to pure CQDs. It shows high quenching efficiency (∼95%) in presence of only 160 µM Cr(VI). The selectivity and lower detection limit are also obtained as ∼80% and 0.175 µM respectively.

4.
Microsc Microanal ; 25(6): 1422-1430, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025617

RESUMO

In recent years, nanoscale phosphors have become vital in optoelectronic applications and to understand the improved performance of nanophosphors over bulk material, detailed investigation is essential. Herein, trivalent europium-activated Y4Al2O9 phosphors were developed by solid-state reaction and solvothermal reaction methods and their performance as a function of their dimension was studied for various applications. Under 394 nm optical excitation, the photoluminescence (PL) emission, excited state lifetime of the nanophosphor, exhibits greater performance than its bulk counterpart. The homogeneous spherical structure of the nanophosphors as compared with solid lumps of bulk phosphors is the basis for almost 40% of the enhancement in nanophosphors' intense red emission compared to the bulk. Moreover, the thermal stability of the nanophosphor is much better than the bulk phosphor, which clearly indicates a key advantage of nanophosphor. The superior performance of Eu3+-doped Y4Al2O9 nanophosphors over their bulk counterparts has been demonstrated for industrial phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes and visualization of latent fingerprint.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(35): 5127-5130, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973568

RESUMO

The solid state bright white light emission and mechanochromic behavior of 1-(1H-phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazol-2-yl)naphthalen-2-ol, 1H, are described. Further, 1H can be used as a highly sensitive ratiometric luminescence sensor for Al3+ and pyrophosphate in solution.

6.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(8): 1805-1812, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929427

RESUMO

All inorganic mixed-halide perovskite, CsPb(Br xI1- x)3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1), nanocrystals possess tunable photoluminescence with high quantum yield in the visible window. However, the photoluminescence degrades rapidly with postsynthetic aging due to the spontaneous ion separation and phase instability. Here we show that the postsynthetic aging of CsPb(Br xI1- x)3 nanocubes spontaneously forms highly uniform single-crystalline nanowires with a diameter of 9 ± 0.5 nm and length of up to several micrometers. The nanowires show bright photoluminescence with an absolute photoluminescence quantum yield of 41%. Rietveld refinement identifies the stable orthorhombic phase of the nanowires, implying a phase transition from the cubic crystallographic phase of the nanocubes during the morphology evolution. Transient absorption spectroscopy reveals a faster excited-state decay dynamic with a large exciton delocalization length in 1D nanowires. Our findings elucidate the insights into the postsynthesis morphology evolution of mixed-halide perovskite nanocrystals leading to luminescent nanowires with excellent crystal phase stability for potential optoelectronic applications.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616166

RESUMO

Through doping of Er3+/Yb3+ ions the SrTiO3 perovskite ceramic is turned into an optically active material keeping its ferroelectric property intact. A huge enhancement of around 20 times in upconversion (UC) emission intensity is observed due to the transformation of cubic crystal structure to tetragonal phase. The intensity ratio of green to red band is found too high to neglect the contribution from the red emission band, which is not observed normally in such type of relatively moderate phonon frequency materials containing Yb3+/Er3+ ions. The change in emission intensity is reflected in the decay time measurement. Optical temperature sensing behavior based on FIR technique also has been discussed for Er3+/Yb3+ doped SrTiO3 ceramic.

8.
Anal Chem ; 90(21): 12815-12823, 2018 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281277

RESUMO

The quality of drinking water often remains unknown to people because of the inadequacy of cost-effective testing systems that can be used in the field. Major portable instruments for water-quality analysis include ion-selective electrodes (ISE) or colorimeters. These are low-cost devices, but in the case of multiple-analyte detection, such as that of hexavalent chromium (Cr), fluoride (F-), and iron (Fe), with a single instrument, no portable systems are available, to the authors' knowledge. In this paper, we demonstrate the use of a low-cost (approximate price of INR 1500 or US$20), portable colorimetric system that can be operated with Android smartphones wirelessly to estimate the contamination levels of Cr(VI), F-, and Fe in drinking water. This system also generates absorption spectra by recording the absorbance of the analyte using a light-dependent-resistor (LDR) sensor. An Android-application software named Spectruino was developed to calculate the concentrations of the analytes. We strongly believe that this cost-effective, portable system will be very useful in improving human health by ensuring drinking-water quality throughout India.


Assuntos
Cromo/análise , Água Potável/análise , Fluoretos/análise , Ferro/análise , Smartphone , Purificação da Água/instrumentação , Calibragem , Colorimetria/métodos , Software , Purificação da Água/métodos
9.
Nanoscale ; 10(35): 16822-16829, 2018 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30167606

RESUMO

Graphene-based van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures can facilitate exciting charge transfer dynamics in between structural layers with the emission of excitonic quasi-particles. However, the chemical formation of such heterostructures has been elusive thus far. In this work, a simple chemical approach is described to form such van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures using few layer MoS2 sheet embedded quantum dots (QDs) and amine-functionalized graphene quantum dots (GQDs) to probe the energy transfer mechanism for tunable photoluminescence (PL). Our findings reveal an interesting non-radiative Förster-type energy transfer with the quenching of functional GQD PL intensity after GQD/MoS2 composite formation, which validates the existing charge transfer dynamics analogous to 0D and 2D systems. The non-radiative type of energy transfer characteristic from GQD into the MoS2 layer through vdW interactions has been confirmed by photoluminescence, time decay analyses and ab initio calculations with the shifting of the Fermi level in the density of states towards the conduction band in the stacked configuration. These results are encouraging for the fundamental exploration of optical properties in other chemically prepared QD/2D based heterostructures to understand the charge transfer mechanism and fingerprint luminescence quenching for future optoelectronic device and optical sensing applications.

10.
Dalton Trans ; 47(35): 12228-12242, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106407

RESUMO

Feeble white emission with a low Colour Rendering Index (CRI) has become the principal gridlock for the extensive commercialization of phosphor converted white LEDs (pc-WLEDs). Fusion of red, green and blue emitting rare-earth (RE) ions in a suitable host can overcome these drawbacks but the energy migration between multiple RE ions at single excitation wavelength defines the key standpoint in designing such white light emitting phosphors. Apart from the abovementioned obstacles, recently traditional optical temperature sensors based on RE ions have faced difficulties due to their low relative sensitivity and large detection error. Keeping these points in mind, in this work, a series of MgAl2O4:Dy3+,Eu3+ nanophosphors are synthesized among which 2% Dy3+,0.2% Eu3+ doped MgAl2O4 nanophosphors demonstrate strong white emission with CIE co-ordinates of (0.31, 0.33), and high quantum yield (∼67%), which could be directly utilized for pc-WLED based solid state lighting devices. Detailed investigation of PL properties reveals that Eu3+ ions can be well sensitized by Dy3+ under near-ultraviolet excitation of 351 nm. Dexter's theory & Reisfeld's approximation are employed for an in-depth analysis of the inter-RE energy transfer (ET) mechanism, which signposts that the dipole-quadrupole interaction phenomenon is responsible for the ET process from Dy3+ to Eu3+. Additionally, the validated ET plays a pivotal role in demonstrating the self-referencing ratiometric temperature sensor behaviour supported by a distinct high temperature thermal quenching trend between Dy3+ and Eu3+ ions. Hence the obtained nanophosphors are highly promising for utilizing in WLED based solid state lighting and self-referencing ratiometric temperature sensor applications.

11.
Luminescence ; 33(6): 1136-1145, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30027666

RESUMO

We report on metal-non-metal doped carbon dots with very high photoluminescent properties in solution. Magnesium doping to tamarind extract associated with nitrogen-doping is for the first time reported here which also produce very high quantum yield. Our aim is to develop such dual doped carbon dots which can also serve living cell imaging with easy permeation towards cells and show non-cytotoxic attributes. More importantly, the chemical signatures of the carbon dots unveiled in this work can support their easy solubilization into water; even in sub-ambient temperature. The cytotoxicity assay proves the almost negligible cytotoxic effect against human cell lines. Moreover, the use of carbon dots in UV-active marker and polymer composites are also performed which gave clear distinguishable features of fluorescent nanoparticles. Hitherto, the carbon dots can be commercially prepared without adopting any rigorous methods and also can be used as non-photo-bleachable biomarkers of living cells.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Carbono/química , Cor , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Polímeros/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Linhagem Celular , Fluorescência , Humanos , Raios Ultravioleta
12.
ACS Omega ; 3(1): 788-800, 2018 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457929

RESUMO

In recent years, rare-earth-doped nanophosphors have attracted great attention in the field of luminescent materials for advanced solid-state lighting and high-resolution display applications. However, the low efficiency of concurrent red phosphors creates a major bottleneck for easy commercialization of these devices. In this work, intense red-light-emitting K+-codoped BaAl2O4:Eu3+ nanophosphors having an average crystallite size of 54 nm were synthesized via a modified sol-gel method. The derived nanophosphors exhibit strong red emission produced by the 5D0 → 7F J (J = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) transitions of Eu3+ upon UV and low-voltage electron beam excitation. Comparative photoluminescence (PL) analysis is executed for Eu3+-activated and K+-coactivated BaAl2O4:Eu3+ nanophosphors, demonstrating remarkable enhancement in PL intensity as well as thermal stability due to K+ codoping. The origin of this PL enhancement is also analyzed from first-principles calculations using density functional theory. Achievement of charge compensation with the addition of a K+ coactivator plays an important role in increasing the radiative lifetime and color purity of the codoped nanophosphors. Obtained results substantially approve the promising prospects of this nanophosphor in the promptly growing field of solid-state lighting and field emission display devices.

13.
ACS Omega ; 3(12): 17070-17076, 2018 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31458326

RESUMO

A low-cost, platinum-free electrocatalyst for hydrogen (H2) generation via the water splitting reaction holds great promise to meet the demand of clean and sustainable energy sources. Recent studies are mainly concerned with semiconducting materials like sulfides, selenides, and phosphides of different transition metals as electrocatalysts. Doping of the transition metals within the host matrix is a good strategy to improve the electrocatalytic activity of the host material. However, this activity largely depends on the nature of the dopant metal and its host matrix as well. To exploit this idea, here, in the present work, we have synthesized semiconducting Ag2S nanoparticles and successfully doped them with different transition metals like Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni to study their electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction from neutral water (pH = 7). Among the systems doped with these transition metals, the Ni-doped Ag2S (Ni-Ag2S) system shows a very low overpotential (50 mV) with high catalytic current in neutral water. The trend in electrocatalytic activity of different transition metals has also been explained. The Ni-Ag2S system also shows very good stability in ambient atmosphere over a long period of time and suffers no catalytic degradation in the presence of oxygen. Structural characterizations are carried out using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy to establish the phase purity and morphology of the materials.

14.
ACS Omega ; 3(6): 6311-6320, 2018 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31458813

RESUMO

Amorphous carbon nanotubes (a-CNTs) have been synthesized by a simple low-temperature process and have been grafted with chemically synthesized nickel oxide microflowers with different concentrations. The phase and morphology of the as-prepared pure and hybrid samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning and transmission electron microscopes. Thermal properties of the samples were estimated by using thermal gravimetric and differential thermal analysis. The optical properties of the sample were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopic, Raman spectroscopic, and Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopic analysis. The electrochemical performance of all hybrid samples has been done in detail for different scan rates as well as from charge-discharge analysis. It has been seen that because of the nickel oxide grafting, the electrochemical performance of pure a-CNTs gets enhanced significantly. The value of the specific capacitance of the hybrid comes out to be around 120 F/g for the best sample, which is almost 12 times higher compared to that of the pure a-CNTs. The result has been explained in terms of change in effective surface area as well as change in conductivity of the hybrid samples.

15.
ACS Omega ; 3(9): 11439-11446, 2018 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459247

RESUMO

We report very fast, green, and large-scale synthesis of amino-functionalized carbon quantum dots (CQDs) using a domestic microwave to investigate CQD-Tb-based dual emission for visual detection of toxic Hg2+. Citric acid and p-phenylenediamine are used as precursor materials to synthesize the CQD, which shows excitation-independent blue luminescence. To achieve the dual emission, Tb-containing CQD is synthesized in a very easy and cost-effective way. These dual-emissive fluorescent materials have been successfully used as a fluorescent indicator for visual detection of toxic Hg2+ metal ions. An instant color change from blue to green in the presence of a very low amount of Hg2+ under a UV lamp (λ365nm) is observed. The material is highly sensitive and selective toward detection of mercury ions in the presence of other metal ions. The photoluminescence quenching mechanism (photoinduced electron transfer process) has been explained using an electronic band diagram supported by zeta-potential and time-correlated single photon counting measurements.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(34): 22995-23006, 2017 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28816319

RESUMO

The design and development of novel and high quantum efficiency luminescent materials, such as phosphors, having tuneability in properties, have received tremendous interest among scientists. In this paper, we have achieved for the first-time multiple phosphorescence (blue and green) having a life-time of ∼10 µs in nanostructured zinc oxide that was synthesized using an easy and facile sol-gel method. Importantly, the photoluminescence (PL) intensity and the phosphorescence life-time could be tuned by controlling the annealing temperature under a reducing atmosphere. Temperature and atmosphere dependent variation of [VO] and has been interpreted by the detailed thermodynamic analysis of defect chemistry, for the first time. These nanostructured zinc oxide particles being sufficiently large in size (around 160 nm) are extremely stable and expected to show photoluminescence for a longer period of time than nanorods and quantum dots. The quantum yield was found to be as high as 13-15% which is comparable to the order of magnitude of that of quantum dots. The calculated correlated colour temperature is found to be suitable for cool lighting applications.

17.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 29(37): 375701, 2017 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28664872

RESUMO

For weak or moderate doping, electrical measurement is not suitable for detecting changes in the charge localization inside a semiconductor. Here, to investigate the nature of charge-phonon coupling in the presence of gradually delocalized holes within a weak doping regime (~1016 cm-3), we examine the temperature dependent Raman spectra (303-817 K) of prototype hole doped delafossite [Formula: see text] (x = 0/0.03, y = 0/0.01). For both [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] phonons, negative lineshape asymmetry and relative thermal hardening are distinctly observed upon [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] doping. Using Allen formalism, charge density of states at the Fermi level per spin and molecule, and charge delocalization associated to [Formula: see text] plane, are estimated to increase appreciably upon codoping compared to the [Formula: see text]-axis. We delineate the interdependence between charge-phonon coupling constant ([Formula: see text]) and anharmonic phonon lifetime ([Formula: see text]), and deduce that excitation of delocalized holes weakly coupled with phonons of larger [Formula: see text] is the governing feature of observed Fano asymmetry ([Formula: see text]) reversal.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(38): 25571-7, 2016 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27166784

RESUMO

Field-emission displays (FEDs) constitute one of the major foci of the cutting edge materials research because of the increasingly escalating demand for high-resolution display panels. However, poor efficiencies of the concurrent low voltage cathodoluminescence (CL) phosphors have created a serious bottleneck in the commercialization of such devices. Herein we report a novel CuI-RGO composite nanophosphor that exhibits bright red emission under low voltage electron beam excitation. Quantitative assessment of CL spectra reveals that CuI-RGO nanocomposite phosphor leads to the 4-fold enhancement in the CL intensity as compared to the pristine CuI counterpart. Addition of RGO in the CuI matrix facilitates efficient triggering of luminescence centers that are activated by local electric field enhancement at the CuI-RGO contact points. In addition, conducting RGO also reduces the negative loading problem on the surface of the nanophosphor composite. The concept presented here opens up a novel generic route for enhancing CL intensity of the existing (nano)phosphors as well as validates the bright prospects of the CuI-RGO composite nanophosphor in this rapidly growing field.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 44(13): 6098-106, 2015 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25727565

RESUMO

In this paper we report a facile route for the synthesis of controlled CuO nanoarchitectures directly grown on a copper substrate by a one-step simple chemical route with varying concentration of non-ionic surfactant PEG-6K. The phase purity and degree of crystallinity of the as-developed nanostructures were systemically investigated by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). A detailed analysis by field emission scanning electron microscopy confirmed the uniformity of the prepared nanostructures on the substrates. These architectures displayed substantial improvement of field emission properties with respect to other structures of CuO reported so far. A particular nanostructure (needle) among them showed a down shift of the turn-on field to 2.2 V µm(-1) coupled with a good enhancement factor (ß) ∼516, which are deemed as sufficient for electron emission based applications such as field emission displays and vacuum nanoelectronic devices. The origin of this efficient field emission from CuO nanoarchitectures, were probed computationally by investigating the local electric field distribution through finite element based simulation method using the ANSYS Maxwell simulation package.

20.
Dalton Trans ; 43(24): 9260-6, 2014 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24816492

RESUMO

In the current report, chemically synthesized copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) nanotubes are shown to exhibit unprecedentedly well cold cathode emission characteristics with turn-on field (3.2 V µ m(-1)) and stable emission during long intervals (200 min). Simulation of electric field distribution via finite element method around an isolated nanotube emitter in a manner parallel to the experimental setup (inter-electrode distance = 180 µm) exhibits good corroboration of theoretical premises with experimental findings. Obtained results strongly indicate CuPc nanotubes to be potential candidate as cold cathode emitter for electron emission based applications such as field emission displays and vacuum nano-electronic devices.

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