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1.
Opt Express ; 29(2): 2378-2386, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726433

RESUMO

We present a novel configuration for high spectral resolution multiplexing acquisition based on the Hadamard transform in stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy. The broadband tunable output of a dual-beam femtosecond laser is filtered by a fast, narrowband, and multi-channel acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF). By turning on and off different subsets of its 8 independent channels, the AOTF generates the spectral masks given by the Hadamard matrix. We demonstrate a seamless and automated operation in the Raman fingerprint and CH-stretch regions. In the presence of additive noise, the spectral measurements using the multiplexed method show the same signal-to-noise ratio of conventional single-wavenumber acquisitions performed with 4 times longer integration time.

3.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 8(1): 236, 2017 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29058626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of stem cells, including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), for regenerative medicine is gaining interest for the clinical benefits so far obtained in patients. This study investigates the use of adipose autologous tissue in combination with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to improve the clinical outcome of patients affected by systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) and PRPs were purified from healthy donors and SSc patients. The multilineage differentiation potential of AD-MSCs and their genotypic-phenotypic features were investigated. A cytokine production profile was evaluated on AD-MSCs and PRPs from both healthy subjects and SSc patients. The adipose tissue-derived cell fraction, the so-called stromal vascular fraction (SVF), was coinjected with PRP in the perioral area of SSc patients. RESULTS: Histopathological and phenotypical analysis of adipose tissue from SSc patients revealed a disorganization of its distinct architecture coupled with an altered cell composition. Although AD-MSCs derived from SSc patients showed high multipotency, they failed to sustain a terminally differentiated progeny. Furthermore, SVFs derived from SSc patients differed from healthy donors in their MSC-like traits coupled with an aberrant cytokine production profile. Finally, the administration of PRP in combination with autologous SVF improved buccal's rhyme, skin elasticity and vascularization for all of the SSc patients enrolled in this study. CONCLUSIONS: This innovative regenerative therapy could be exploited for the treatment of chronic connective tissue diseases, including SSc.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/fisiologia , Medicina Regenerativa/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Tecido Adiposo/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Cultura Primária de Células , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Pele/patologia
4.
Oncotarget ; 6(4): 2315-30, 2015 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25537513

RESUMO

Basal-like breast cancer is an aggressive tumor subtype with a poor response to conventional therapies. Tumor formation and relapse are sustained by a cell subset of Breast Cancer Stem Cells (BrCSCs). Here we show that miR-100 inhibits maintenance and expansion of BrCSCs in basal-like cancer through Polo-like kinase1 (Plk1) down-regulation. Moreover, miR-100 favors BrCSC differentiation, converting a basal like phenotype into luminal. It induces the expression of a functional estrogen receptor (ER) and renders basal-like BrCSCs responsive to hormonal therapy. The key role played by miR-100 in breast cancer free-survival is confirmed by the analysis of a cohort of patients' tumors, which shows that low expression of miR-100 is a negative prognostic factor and is associated with gene signatures of high grade undifferentiated tumors. Our findings indicate a new possible therapeutic strategy, which could make aggressive breast cancers responsive to standard treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Transplante Heterólogo
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