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1.
Sleep Breath ; 2022 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35349009

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may result in severe health onditions, reduces quality of live, and affects high percentages of the adult population. Due to recent changes in the German health care regulations, mandibular advancement devices (MAD) will become available as a treatment option for OSA to a greater extent for general dentists and their patients. METHODS: A guideline development group consisting of nine members representing four German dental and medical organizations was formed, in order to provide critical information and orientation to the main stakeholders (dentists and patients), regarding the use of MAD for the treatment of OSA within dental sleep medicine. RESULTS: This guideline aims to inform physicians and dentists, particularly those with acquired qualification/specialization in sleep medicine (or in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep-related breathing disorders), as well as experts, payers, and patients. It delivers recommendations on technical requirements for MAD prescription and fabrication, clinical procedures, maintenance, and follow-up procedures. CONCLUSION: A MAD should be designed for long-term therapy and must be a custom made, adjustable, bimaxillary retained two-splint system equipped with adjustable protrusive elements. The fabrication in a dental laboratory should be based on dental impressions or scans and three-dimensional registrations of the starting position taken with a bite gauge.

2.
Sleep Breath ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015211

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the short-term treatment effect of a mandibular advancement device (MAD) with and without previous drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) on polysomnography (PSG) and other sleep apnea-related treatment outcomes (Short Form Health Survey [SF-36] and Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS]) among adults with mild, moderate, and severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We hypothesized that using DISE would improve the efficacy of MADs on the sleep apnea parameters. METHODS: The study sample consisted of patients with OSA who were unable or unwilling to tolerate a CPAP device, divided into an experimental (with DISE) and a control (without DISE) group. RESULTS: Of 50 patients with OSA, 40 men (80%), mean age was 48.8 ± 12,3 years. The mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score of both groups decreased significantly between baseline and the 8-week follow-up titration PSG with MAD in situ, from 31.7 ± 17.3 (mean ± SD) apnea-hypopnea episodes/h to 7.0 ± 6.4/h (p < 0.0001) in the experimental group, and from 22.5 ± 16.6 episodes/h to 11.4 ± 8.0/h (p < 0.024) in the control group. Capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) levels did not change significantly between the two timepoints for either group. The SF-36 (p < 0.023) and ESS (p < 0.036) results of both groups improved significantly between baseline and the 8-week follow-up after starting MAD treatment; however, the improvement in quality of life was significantly more pronounced in the experimental group than in the control group (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: DISE provides a significant benefit to patients with OSA undergoing MAD treatment. It can be used as a valuable prediction tool in clinical practice for the management of patients with OSA, even those with moderate and severe disease.

3.
Pain ; 163(4): e540-e546, 2022 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261977

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Purpose of this study was to examine the discriminative properties of the 3-item Pain (P), Enjoyment (E), and General activity (G) (PEG) questionnaire for grading impact of nondental orofacial pain. Two hundred eighty-six consecutive patients with orofacial pain of nondental origin filled out the PEG questionnaire and Graded Chronic Pain Scale (GCPS, version 2). Correlation between the PEG and GCPS scores, internal consistency of the PEG, and differences between groups were examined statistically (level of significance: P ≤ 0.05). The mean (±SD) age of the 213 patients (158 female) who were included in the analysis was 43.1 (±16.7) years. Of the sample, 48.8% (n = 104) had some degree of orofacial pain-related disability (mean overall characteristic pain intensity: 51.2 ± 23.2, average overall PEG score: 4.3 ± 2.7, and average PHQ-9 score: 8.2 ± 6.5). No significant differences were found between the sexes for any score. The number of disability points (GCPS) and overall PEG score showed a strong and positive correlation (Spearman ρ = 0.77, P < 0.001). The internal consistency of the PEG questionnaire was high (Cronbach α = 0.86). Assuming 3 different levels of orofacial pain-related disability (mild, moderate, and severe), we obtained overall accuracy of 69.01%, with high specificity for mild and severe cases. The 3 PEG groups (mild, moderate, or severe) differed from each other significantly regarding their clinical grading according to the GCPS (Kruskal-Wallis, P < 0.001). Analysis of the receiver operating characteristic curve showed that a single cutoff value of 3.8 points in the PEG score yields adequate validity (sensitivity = 0.91 and specificity = 0.78). The proposed 2 cutoff points (upper = 7 and lower = 4) yield low sensitivity for the upper threshold. The 3-item PEG questionnaire is suitable for grading impact of nondental orofacial pain.


Assuntos
Dor Facial , Prazer , Adulto , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 32(9): 1061-1071, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34165835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine implant survival and success of four conventionally but initially asynchronously loaded implants in implant-supported overdentures for the edentulous maxilla, in participants with opposing mandibular two-implant overdentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six participants received four implants in the region of the maxillary canines and molars. After healing, 24 of these participants (mean age: 68.3 years) were randomly allocated to one of two treatment groups, and the adapted overdenture was attached to two unsplinted cylindrical attachments. The other two matrixes remained unattached to the implants for 3 months. After this period, the other two implants were loaded for 3 months (cross-over design). Then, all four implants were loaded for another 3 months. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to evaluate survival and success of implants and dentures. RESULTS: During the active prosthetic study phase, three participants lost one implant. Two participants lost three implants during the recall period. Implant survival after loading was 93.8% after a mean observation period of 3.1 years. Denture survival was 100%, but denture success was 95.8%, due to major prosthetic complications. Most participants preferred four implants to two. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of the study, it can be concluded that maxillary implant overdentures on two or four implants are both recommendable treatment options. Two posterior implants are not superior to two anterior implants under overdentures retained by unsplinted cylindrical attachments. Implant and prosthetic complications and aftercare measures are common but are mostly easy to handle. However, 23 of the 24 participants preferred the 4-implant maxillary overdenture.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Arcada Edêntula , Idoso , Estudos Cross-Over , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Retenção de Dentadura , Revestimento de Dentadura , Humanos , Mandíbula , Maxila/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(1): 18-27, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Objective of this study was to determine whether the diagnostic accuracy of the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) is sufficient for use among schoolchildren aged 8-12 years. METHODS: This prospective cohort study on diagnostic accuracy with calibrated examiners was conducted among 533 children of both sexes aged 8-12 years, with and without TMD symptoms, selected randomly from the Rhein-Neckar district. Self-reporting of non-dental facial pain was used as the reference standard, against which we calculated the following for the pain-related items of the DC/TMD (index test): sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, diagnostic odds ratio, accuracy and 95% Wilson Score confidence intervals. We also calculated the area under the receiver-operating characteristic (AUROC) curve displaying sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: Our final sample consisted of 282 children, half of whom reported having facial pain and 3.2% reported sounds from the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). Despite high specificity (90.78%; 95% confidence interval (CI): [84.86%; 94.53%]), sensitivity of the adapted DC/TMD for pain on maximum jaw opening was poor (37.59%; 95% CI: [30.02%; 45.81%]). For pain on palpation, more similar values were recorded for sensitivity (74.47%; 95% CI: [66.69%; 80.95%]) and specificity (70.21%; 95% CI: [62.21%; 77.14%]). The diagnostic odds ratio was >1 for both examinations. The AUROC for pain on opening was 68.39% (95% CI: [62.62%; 74.16%]), and for pain on palpation, it was 74.63% (95% CI: [69.45%; 79.81%]), whereas the combination of both resulted to an AUROC of 74.09% (95% CI: [68.96%; 79.21%]). It was not possible to measure the diagnostic accuracy of the DC/TMD regarding TMJ sounds or jaw-opening limitations, as they occurred too rarely in our sample. CONCLUSION: In this study, the diagnostic accuracy of the DC/TMD for TMD-related pain in children was lower than that recorded for adults in previous studies.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Articulação Temporomandibular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico
6.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(7): 783-795, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this single-centre, two-arm, parallel-group, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial was to investigate the disputed specific effectiveness of acupuncture by comparing acupuncture on specific and non-specific points among patients with non-chronic, painful TMDs. METHODS: Following predefined eligibility criteria, 49 consecutive patients of both sexes were recruited to the study. All subjects were diagnosed with a non-chronic (Graded Chronic Pain Scale grade <3) painful TMD, as assessed using the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD). Patients were randomly assigned to group A (acupuncture on specific points) or group B (acupuncture on non-specific points) after the initial examination (T0). Both acupuncture treatment sessions were conducted by a trained dentist once a week for four weeks. The examination was repeated five weeks (T5) after T0 by one calibrated examiner who was unaware of the study groups. Characteristic pain intensity (CPI) was evaluated as the main outcome criterion and compared between times and treatment groups by means of non-parametric tests (significance level set at P = .05). Secondary outcomes comprised the maximum corrected active mouth-opening without pain (MAO); patients' expectations regarding acupuncture treatment and pain development; depressivity; and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). RESULTS: A total of 41 patients (38 female) successfully completed the study (mean age: 40.17 ± 16.61). The two groups did not differ significantly at any time in terms of age and CPI. However, CPI was significantly (P < .05) lower at T5 than at T0 for both groups (29.66 and 30.35% lower in group A and group B, respectively). An increase in MAO was observed at T5 for both groups but was significant for group B only (P = .016). All patients had positive expectations of acupuncture therapy, and the two groups did not differ significantly at T5 with regard to the extent to which their expectations had been fulfilled by the treatment (P = .717). Comparison of T0 and T5 showed a statistically significant reduction of depressivity for group A (P = .0205), but no significant change for group B (P = .329). At T5, OHRQoL had improved significantly for both groups (group A, P = .018; group B, P < .001) compared with at T0. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture on both specific and non-specific points reduces the non-dysfunctional pain of TMD patients. The effect of acupuncture on painful TMD cannot be attributed to the specific point selection.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Dor Crônica , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(2): 164-169, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430389

RESUMO

As yet, there are still no evidence-based clinical diagnostic and management guidelines for ambulatory single-channel EMG devices, like the BUTLER® GrindCare® (GrindCare), that are used in patients with sleep bruxism. Therefore, a consensus meeting was organised with GrindCare developers, researchers, and academic and non-academic clinicians experienced with the use of ambulatory EMG devices. The aim of the meeting was to discuss and develop recommendations for clinical guidelines for GrindCare usage, based on the existing clinical and research experience of the consensus meeting's participants. As an important outcome of the consensus meeting, clinical guidelines were proposed in which an initial 2-week baseline phase with the device in its inactive (non-stimulus) mode for habituation and assessment of the number of jaw-muscle activities is followed by a 4-week active phase with contingent electrical stimuli suppressing the jaw-muscle activities. As to avoid the commonly reported reduction in sensitivity to the stimuli, a 2-week inactive phase is subsequently installed, followed by a repetition of active and inactive phases until a lasting reduction in the number of jaw-muscle activities and/or associated complaints has been achieved. This proposal has the characteristics of a single-patient clinical trial. From a research point of view, adoption of this approach by large numbers of GrindCare users creates a great opportunity to recruit relatively large numbers of study participants that follow the same protocol.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Bruxismo do Sono , Consenso , Estimulação Elétrica , Eletromiografia , Humanos
8.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(4): 442-452.e12, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582116

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated and compared the completeness of reporting of abstracts of orthodontics systematic reviews before and after the publication of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension for Abstracts Checklist (PRISMA-A). METHODS: Abstracts of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in orthodontics published in PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews databases before March 23, 2018, that met the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, were evaluated using the 12 items of PRISMA-A, scoring each item from 0 to 2. Abstracts were classified into 2 groups: before and after publication of the PRISMA-A checklist. Three calibrated evaluators (intraclass correlation coefficient and kappa > 0.8) assessed the scores for compliance with the checklist. The number of authors, country of affiliation of the first author, performance of meta-analysis, and topic of the article were recorded. A regression analysis was performed to assess the associations between abstract characteristics and the PRISMA-A scores. RESULTS: Of 1034 abstracts evaluated, 389 were included in the analysis. The mean PRISMA-A score was 53.39 (95% CI, 51.83-54.96). The overall score for studies published after the publication of the checklist was significantly higher than for studies published before (P ≤ 0.0001). The components returning significantly higher scores after publication of PRISMA-A were title (P = 0.024), information from databases (P = 0.026), risk of bias (P ≤ 0.0001), included studies (P ≤ 0.0001), synthesis of results (P ≤ 0.0001), interpretation of results (P = 0.035), financing and conflict of interest (P ≤ 0.0001), and registration (P ≤ 0.0001). These results showed the positive effect of PRISMA-A had on the quality of reporting of orthodontics systematic reviews. Nevertheless, the poor adherence revealed that there is still need for improvement in the quality of abstract reporting. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of reporting of abstracts of orthodontic systematic reviews and meta-analyses increased after the introduction of PRISMA-A.


Assuntos
Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas , Ortodontia/normas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Editoração/normas , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Bibliometria , Lista de Checagem , Humanos , Controle de Qualidade
9.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 33(4): 389­398, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247061

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate whether an international consensus exists among TMD experts regarding indications, performance, follow-up, and effectiveness of jaw exercises. METHODS: A questionnaire with 31 statements regarding jaw exercises was constructed. Fourteen international experts with some geographic dispersion were asked to participate in this Delphi study, and all accepted. The experts were asked to respond to the statements according to a 5-item verbal Likert scale that ranged from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree." The experts could also leave free-text comments, which was encouraged. After the first round, the experts received a compilation of the other experts' earlier responses. Some statements were then rephrased and divided to clarify the essence of the statement. Subsequently, the experts were then asked to answer the questionnaire (32 statements) again for the second round. Consensus was set to 80% agreement or disagreement. RESULTS: There is consensus among TMD experts that jaw exercises are effective and can be recommended to patients with myalgia in the jaw muscles, restricted mouth opening capacity due to hyperactivity in the jaw closing muscles, and disc displacement without reduction. The patients should always be instructed in an individualized jaw exercise program and also receive both verbal advice and written information about the treatment modality. CONCLUSION: This Delphi study showed that there is an international consensus among TMD experts that jaw exercises are an effective treatment and can be recommended to patients with TMD pain and disturbed jaw function.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Mialgia
10.
Clin Oral Investig ; 22(6): 2309-2317, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29484547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the adaptation strategy of the stomatognathic system during the adaptation of complete dentures, comprising masticatory parameters and subjective measures. Our hypothesis was that with new dentures, masticatory performance would increase while the effort of the system is kept constant. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients received standardized new complete dentures. Masticatory performance tests were conducted with old dentures (T1), immediately after incorporation of new dentures (T2) and after an adaptation period of 3 months (T3). Patients habitually chewed the silicone-based artificial test food Optocal. The comminuted test food was analyzed and mean particle sizes (x50) were calculated. Simultaneously, surface EMGs of the anterior temporalis and masseter muscles were recorded. Specific (SMW) and total muscle work (TMW) were determined. Patients filled in the OHIP-49 questionnaire. Test conditions were compared using repeated-measures ANOVA with SPSS 22 (SPSS Inc.) RESULTS: Masticatory performance increased (P = 0.016) between old (x50 = 4.99 ± 0.28) and adapted new dentures (x50 = 4.80 ± 0.33). TMW deteriorated (P = 0.004) at T2 (from TMW1 = 119.77 ± 56.49 to TMW2 = 92.12 46.27), and increased again (P = 0.028) at T3 (TMW3 = 107.66 ± 44.65). OHIP scores decreased significantly in all subscales (P < 0.001…P = 0.046); the total score was reduced (P < 0.001) from 56.24 ± 29.05 (T1) to 34.66 ± 24.74 (T3). CONCLUSION: In complete denture wearers, masticatory performance improves over an adaptation period. Muscle work initially decreased before reaching its original level again after adaptation. Subjective parameters overestimated the functional improvements. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The subjective evaluation does not adequately reflect functional improvements. The assessment of function requires an adaptation period.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica , Prótese Total , Arcada Edêntula/reabilitação , Mastigação/fisiologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 86: 87-93, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29202311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bruxism is discussed as an etiological factor in the pathogenesis of orofacial and cervical pain. As the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) is co-activated during clenching, our aim was to investigate, whether the muscle loading leads to peripheral or central sensitizations. DESIGN: In twenty-one healthy female volunteers, somatosensory profiles of the SCM were recorded according to the test battery of the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS) prior to and after an isometric muscle exercise. QST comprised thermal and mechanical stimuli. A submaximal activation of the SCM (15% MVC) was kept for 10min in sitting position. In separate test sessions one month apart, one sham and one verum experiment were conducted in randomized order. During the muscle loading, the parameters cold detection threshold (CDT), mechanical pain sensitivity (MPS) and pressure pain treshold (PPT) were tested and experimental pain recorded by visual analogoue scales (VAS). All test sessions were performed during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle (day 5), to avoid effects on pain perception. Data were analyzed with Repeated Measures ANOVA (SPSS 22.0) RESULTS: No significant changes were found during or after (sham) loading except for stimulus-response-function (SR, P=0.01) and PPT (P=0.02) in the sham test. No effect was observed in the verum experiment (P=0.12 up to 1.0). CONCLUSION: Prolonged low level contraction of the SCM does not evoke painful sensitization. In contrast, submaximal muscle activation seems to have a protective effect corresponding to a training effect preventing sensitization.


Assuntos
Bruxismo/fisiopatologia , Dor Facial/fisiopatologia , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Medição da Dor , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia
12.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 17(3): 177-183, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28865814

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Shared decision-making involves the participation of patient and dental practitioner. Well-informed decision-making requires that both parties understand important concepts that may influence the decision. This fourth article in a series of 4 aims to discuss the importance of patients' values when a clinical decision is made. METHODS: We report on how to incorporate important concepts for well-informed, shared decision-making. Here, we present patient values as an important issue, in addition to previously established topics such as the risk of bias of a study, cost-effectiveness of treatment approaches, and a comparison of therapeutic benefit with potential side effects. RESULTS: We provide 2 clinical examples and suggestions for a decision tree, based on the available evidence. CONCLUSION: The information reported in this article may improve the relationship between patient and dental practitioner, resulting in more well-informed clinical decisions.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Participação do Paciente , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos
13.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 19(4): 643-653, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28440024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prosthetic management of thin alveolar ridges in the edentulous mandibles of elderly patients, especially the time of loading, the number of implants needed, and patient expectations and perception, is a challenge in implant dentistry. PURPOSE: Survival of conventionally and immediately loaded 2-piece reduced-diameter implants in the interforaminal region of the edentulous mandible supporting locator-analog attachments was evaluated. Prosthetic complications and peri-implant hygiene were also studied, and patient expectation and subjective evaluation of the treatment were documented. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with adapted complete dentures received 4 reduced-diameter implants. All anterior implants were immediately loaded. Three months later, patients were allocated by randomization to 1 of 2 treatment groups: 2 locator-analog attachments on the anterior implants (Group A); or 4 locator-analog attachments (Group B). After another 3 months patient allocation was changed (crossover design) for the next 3 months. Questionnaires with Likert scales and numeric rating scales were used to assess patients' expectations and subjective overdenture-related variables, respectively. RESULTS: One implant was lost in the immediate-loading group. Survival was 98% and 100% for immediate and delayed loading, respectively. During 12-month observation, 8 complications required aftercare. At the beginning of treatment, patients' expectations were highly positive. Subjective assessment of overdenture-related variables 3 months after immediate loading of 2 implants revealed a statistically significant improvement for most of the variables studied; this was maintained 1 year later. In the subjective assessments, there were no statistically significant differences between Groups A and B. CONCLUSION: Immediate loading of reduced-diameter implants supporting locator-analog attachments resulted in high implant survival, few prosthetic complications, good oral hygiene, and improvement of subjective denture perception in the short-term. It might be a promising treatment option, especially for elderly patients with a narrow mandibular ridge.


Assuntos
Implantação Dentária Endóssea/métodos , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Arcada Edêntula/cirurgia , Idoso , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/instrumentação , Implantes Dentários , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Prótese Total , Feminino , Humanos , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/instrumentação , Masculino , Mandíbula , Satisfação do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
PLoS One ; 12(3): e0173437, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28253347

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170262.].

15.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0170262, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28107405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Consensus guidelines are useful to improve clinical decision making. Therefore, the methodological evaluation of these guidelines is of paramount importance. Low quality information may guide to inadequate or harmful clinical decisions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the methodological quality of consensus guidelines published in implant dentistry using a validated methodological instrument. METHODS: The six implant dentistry journals with impact factors were scrutinised for consensus guidelines related to implant dentistry. Two assessors independently selected consensus guidelines, and four assessors independently evaluated their methodological quality using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument. Disagreements in the selection and evaluation of guidelines were resolved by consensus. First, the consensus guidelines were analysed alone. Then, systematic reviews conducted to support the guidelines were included in the analysis. Non-parametric statistics for dependent variables (Wilcoxon signed rank test) was used to compare both groups. RESULTS: Of 258 initially retrieved articles, 27 consensus guidelines were selected. Median scores in four domains (applicability, rigour of development, stakeholder involvement, and editorial independence), expressed as percentages of maximum possible domain scores, were below 50% (median, 26%, 30.70%, 41.70%, and 41.70%, respectively). The consensus guidelines and consensus guidelines + systematic reviews data sets could be compared for 19 guidelines, and the results showed significant improvements in all domain scores (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Methodological improvement of consensus guidelines published in major implant dentistry journals is needed. The findings of the present study may help researchers to better develop consensus guidelines in implant dentistry, which will improve the quality and trust of information needed to make proper clinical decisions.


Assuntos
Consenso , Implantes Dentários , Odontologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Humanos
16.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 28(5): 529-534, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27001374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the adaptation behavior of the stomatognathic system after immediate loading (24 to 72 h after surgery) of two implants supporting mandibular overdentures, assessed on insertion and three months later. The study hypothesis was that insertion of the overdentures would significantly change masticatory performance and muscle activity at both times. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty subjects (nine female, mean age 69.64 ± 11.81 years; 21 male, mean age 68.67 ± 7.41 years) who participated in a randomized clinical trial were included in the study. Each patient was examined three times: (i) at baseline, after already having worn new dentures for three months (T1); (ii) immediately after insertion of the overdentures on the implants (T2); and (iii) after an adaptation period of three months (T3). Examination comprised assessment of masticatory performance with artificial test food (Optocal), and simultaneous bilateral surface EMG recording of the masseter and anterior temporalis muscles. Particle-size distribution (representative value X50 ), maximum muscle contraction (MVC), and total muscle work (TMW; area under the curve) were compared by use of repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). RESULTS: At T3, all measured variables (i.e., masticatory performance and muscle activity) were significantly different from those at T1. At T2, no significant changes were observed. The study hypothesis had to be rejected for T2 but accepted for T3. CONCLUSION: Functional rehabilitation (in terms of masticatory performance and masticatory muscle activity) does not occur immediately after immediate loading of two implants with mandibular overdentures, but requires a significant time for functional improvement.


Assuntos
Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Revestimento de Dentadura , Mastigação , Adaptação Fisiológica , Idoso , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/efeitos adversos , Revestimento de Dentadura/efeitos adversos , Músculos Faciais/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Mastigação/fisiologia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 18(4): 752-61, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25950679

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aims to evaluate survival and incidence of complications for pairs of implants placed in the front region of edentulous mandibles and immediately loaded with either bar or Locator attachments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients with edentulous mandibles (mean age 69.4 years at inclusion in the study; 73.9% male) received two implants in the interforaminal area of the symphysis. Dolder bar or Locator attachments, allocated randomly, were then attached immediately, and both clips and a framework were fastened to the denture by the dental technician within 72 hours. RESULTS: During the first 3 months of the 2-year period of observation, eight implants in five patients were lost, and were removed. Survival was 89.1% and 93.5% for the bar and Locator groups, respectively. During the entire period of observation, 38 prosthetic complications required aftercare. Five dentures had to be removed or reworked after implant failure, but no superstructure was lost or had to be remade for prosthetic reasons. Survival of the original dentures was 93.5% and 95.7% for the bar and Locator groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, results from immediate loading of two implants in the edentulous mandible with either Locator or bar attachments hardly differed. Prosthetic complications and aftercare measures in the Locator group were frequent but easy to handle. Ease of repair and cleaning, in particular, might be reasons for choosing the single-attachment system.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Revestimento de Dentadura , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Arcada Edêntula/cirurgia , Idoso , Reabsorção Óssea , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Mandíbula , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 73(7): 1254-8, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25971920

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To prospectively compare changes of body temperature, white blood cell count, fibrinogen, and C-reactive protein between odontogenic infections in which the responsible tooth was removed and odontogenic infections in which the treatment included no extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample was composed of patients admitted to the authors' maxillofacial unit for odontogenic infection from 2010 through 2013. One hundred seventy-nine patients were categorized into an extraction or a non-extraction group based on whether the causative tooth was non-restorable or restorable, respectively. Non-restorable teeth were extracted at admission of the patient. Otherwise, the treatment protocol, including incision of the involved space in conjunction with intravenous antibiotics, was the same for the 2 groups. The parameters were measured and recorded at admission and 2 days later. Data records were statistically analyzed by comparing the change of the parameters studied between the extraction and non-extraction groups. P values less than .05 were regarded as statistically significant. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-nine patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the study. The mean age of the patients was 39.1 years (minimum, 14 yr; maximum, 81 yr; standard deviation, 15.4 yr). One hundred nine patients (60.9%) were male, and 70 (39.1%) were female. Differences in the mean decrease of axillary temperature, white blood cell count, fibrinogven, and C-reactive protein between the 2 groups were 0.178, 2,300, 1.01, and 0.64, respectively. All these differences were statistically significant (P =.02, .001, .001, and .001, respectively). Also, the mean hospital stay in the extraction group was 1.05 days shorter than in the non-extraction group, with the difference being statistically significant (P = .006). CONCLUSIONS: In odontogenic maxillofacial infections, extraction of the causative tooth is associated with a faster clinical and biological resolution of the infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Dentárias/microbiologia , Extração Dentária , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Temperatura Corporal/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/análise , Seguimentos , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericoronite/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/cirurgia , Infecções Estreptocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estreptocócicas/cirurgia , Doenças Dentárias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Dentárias/cirurgia , Fraturas dos Dentes/cirurgia , Mobilidade Dentária/cirurgia , Raiz Dentária/lesões , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 17(4): 629-38, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24215715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to evaluate survival and the incidence of complications for pairs of implants placed in the frontal area of edentulous mandibles and immediately loaded with either bar or Locator® (Zest Anchors LLC, Escondido, CA, USA) attachments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-six patients (mean age 69.4 years; 73.9% male) with edentulous mandibles each received two immediately loaded implants in the interforaminal area of the symphysis. Immediately after implant placement, Dolder® bar (Sub-Tec Wirobond; BEGO Implant Systems GmbH & Co. KG, Bremen, Germany) or Locator® attachments, allocated randomly, were attached, and both clips and a framework were incorporated into the denture by the dental technician. The implants were loaded within 72 hours. RESULTS: During a mean observation period of 6 months (maximum 24 months, SD 0.43) eight implants in five patients were lost. Survival was 93.5% for the Locator® group and 89.1% for the bar group. Estimated cumulative survival after 1 year of function was 93.4% for the Locator® group and 87.1% for the bar group. During the observation period, 12 prosthetic complications required aftercare. No superstructure was lost or had to be remade for prosthetic reasons, but five dentures had to be removed or reworked after implant failure. Survival of the original dentures was, therefore, 95.7% for the Locator® group and 93.5% for the bar group. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, immediate loading of two implants in the edentulous mandible with either Locator® or bar attachments did hardly differ. Ease of repair and cleaning, in particular, might be arguments for choosing the single attachment system.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Clin Oral Investig ; 19(2): 429-36, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25078549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Standard procedure for the measurement of masticatory performance is the fractionated sieving of fragmented test food, which is substantially time consuming. The aim of this study was to introduce a less laborious, comparable, and valid technique based on scanning. METHODS: Fifty-six Optocal chewing samples were minced by wearers of complete dentures with 15 and 40 chewing strokes and analyzed by both a sieving and a scanning method. The sieving procedure was carried out using ten sieves (5.6, 4.0, 2.8, 2.0, 1.4, 1.0, 0.71, 0.5, 0.355, and 0.25 mm) and measuring the weight of the specific fractions. Scanning was performed with a flatbed scanner (Epson Expression1600Pro, Seiko Epson Corporation, Japan, 1,200 dpi). Scanned images underwent image analysis (ImageJ 1.42q, NIH, USA), which yielded descriptive parameters for each particle. Out of the 2D image, a volume was estimated for each particle. In order to receive a discrete particle size distribution, area-volume-conversion factors were determined. The cumulated weights yielded by either method were curve fitted with the Rosin-Rammler distribution (MATLAB, The MathWorks, Inc., Natick, USA) to determine the median particle size X 50. RESULTS: The Rosin-Rammler distributions for sieving and scanning resembled each other and showed an excellent correlation in 15/40 chewing strokes (r = 0.995/r = 0.971, P < 0.01, Pearson's correlation coefficient). The median particle sizes varied between 4.77/3.04 and 5.36/5.28 mm (mean 5.07/4.67) for scanning and 4.69/2.39 and 5.23/5.43 mm (mean 5.03/4.57) for sieving. On average, scanning overestimated the X 50 values by 1/2.4 %. The scanning method took 10 min per sample in contrast to 50 min for sieving. CONCLUSION: Optical scanning is a valid method comparable to sieving. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The described method is feasible and appropriate for the measurement of masticatory performance of denture wearers.


Assuntos
Prótese Total , Mastigação , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula
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