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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32400890

RESUMO

Atrioesophageal fistula is a rare but deadly complication of radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation. Given its rarity, the diagnosis of atrioesophageal fistula is usually delayed with a wide variation in management strategies, which contribute to the high mortality associated with atrioesophageal fistula. As such, the most important step of atrioesophageal fistula management is prevention, whereas early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to reduce its associated high mortality. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249473

RESUMO

Closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA) using percutaneous transcatheter occlusion devices is used for stroke prevention as an alternative for patients with a high risk and contraindications for long-term oral anticoagulation use. In this manuscript, we will discuss the practical aspects of four among the available devices that provide percutaneous intravascular closure of the LAA: Watchman, Amulet, WaveCrest, and LAmbre.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293063

RESUMO

There are important limitations that can hinder outcomes of surgical ablation in nonparoxysmal patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), which is the typical AF population undergoing concomitant cardiac surgery for valve or ischemic heart disease. Incomplete lesions with recovered conduction or gaps as well as arrhythmias originating from areas not targeted by surgical ablation are commonly seen at the time of recurrence. Therefore, while it might be reasonable to perform AF surgery in this cohort, it is important to know these limitations and establish adequate postoperative rhythm monitoring to detect recurrences, which can be effectively addressed by catheter ablation.

4.
Heart Rhythm ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, stereotactic radiosurgery has been applied to arrhythmias (stereotactic arrhythmia radioablation [STAR]), with promising results reported in patients with refractory scar-related ventricular tachycardia (VT), a cohort with known high morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: Herein, we describe our experience with STAR, detailing its early and mid- to long-term results. METHODS: This is a pilot prospective study of patients undergoing STAR for refractory scar-related VT. The anatomical target for radioablation was defined on the basis of the clinical VT morphology, electroanatomic mapping, and study-specific preprocedural imaging with cardiac computed tomography. The target volume was treated with a prescription radiation dose of 25 Gy delivered in a single fraction by CyberKnife in an outpatient setting. Ventricular arrhythmias and radiation-related adverse events were monitored at follow-up to determine STAR efficacy and safety. RESULTS: Five patients (100% men; mean age 63 ± 12 years; 80% with ischemic cardiomyopathy; left ventricular ejection fraction 34% ± 15%) underwent STAR. Radioablation was delivered in 82 ± 11 minutes without acute complications. During a mean follow-up of 12 ± 2 months, all patients experienced clinically significant mid- to late-term ventricular arrhythmia recurrence; 2 patients died of complications associated with their advanced heart failure. There were no clinical or imaging evidence of radiation-induced complications in the organs at risk surrounding the scar targeted by radioablation. CONCLUSION: Despite good initial results, STAR did not result in effective arrhythmia control in the long term in a selected high-risk population of patients with scar-related VT. The safety profile was confirmed to be favorable, with no radiation-related complications observed during follow-up. Further studies are needed to explain these disappointing results.

5.
Card Electrophysiol Clin ; 12(1): 89-96, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067651

RESUMO

Left atrial appendage (LAA) is the dominant source of systemic thromboembolic (TE) events in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). In patients with significant bleeding risk, various LAA exclusion strategies have been developed as an alternative to pharmacologic TE prophylaxis. Nevertheless, in a relatively small percentage of patients, incomplete LAA closure can be documented, either at the time of procedure or during follow-up. This persistent patency can potentially jeopardize an effective stroke prophylaxis. Hereby, we report an update on the current clinical implications of LAA leaks and how to manage them.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(3): 306-319, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31954677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of transcatheter leak closure with detachable coils in patients with incomplete left atrial appendage (LAA) closure. BACKGROUND: Incomplete LAA closure is common after interventional therapies targeting the LAA, potentially hindering effective thromboembolic prevention. Detachable coils have found a wide range of applications for transcatheter vascular occlusion and embolization procedures. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients at high thromboembolic risk with clinically relevant residual leaks (mean age 72 ± 9 years, 73.3% men, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score 4.4 ± 1.4, mean HAS-BLED score 3.6 ± 0.8) underwent percutaneous closure of the LAA patency using embolization coils. Transesophageal echocardiography was performed at 60 ± 15 days post-procedure. RESULTS: LAA closure had been previously attempted with the Watchman device in 25 patients, the Amulet device in 2 patients, and the LARIAT device in 3 patients. Baseline transesophageal echocardiography documented moderate and severe leaks in 20 (66.7%) and 10 (33.3%) patients, respectively. After a single procedure, 25 patients (83.3%) showed complete LAA sealing or minimal leaks. Five patients (16.7%) had moderate residual leaks; 3 patients of them were offered repeat procedures. Mean procedure and fluoroscopy times were 76 ± 41 min and 21 ± 14 min, respectively; the mean volume of iodinated contrast medium used was 80 ± 47 ml. Coil deployment was successful in all cases. The overall complication rate was 6.1%. After a median follow-up period of 54 days (range 43 to 265 days) and an average of 1.1 procedures/patient, transesophageal echocardiography revealed complete LAA sealing or negligible residual leaks in 28 patients (93.3%; 25 with no residual leak, 3 patients with minimal to mild residual leaks) and moderate residual leaks in 2 patients (6.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter LAA leak occlusion using endovascular coils appears to be a safe, effective, and promising approach in patients at high echo time risk with incomplete LAA closure. (Transcatheter Leak Closure With Detachable Coils Following Incomplete Left Atrial Appendage Closure Procedures [TREASURE]; NCT03503253).

7.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(2): 175-181, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion with Lariat has emerged as a viable alternative to oral anticoagulation (OAC) to prevent thromboembolic (TE) events in patients with atrial fibrillation. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the long-term TE risk in post-Lariat patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing LAA ligation with the Lariat device at multiple centers with at least 1-year follow-up were included in the analysis. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was performed at 4 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months to assess the completeness of LAA occlusion. OAC was discontinued if 4-week TEE revealed no device-related thrombus and complete closure of the appendage. Patients remained on 81 mg of aspirin per day after discontinuation of the blood thinner. RESULTS: A total of 306 patients were included in the study (mean age 68.8 ± 11.0 years; mean CHA2DS2-VASc score 3.6 ± 1.7). Four-week TEE revealed leaks in 81 patients (26.5%); all leaks were less than 5 mm in diameter. At 6-month TEE, spontaneous closure of the leak was demonstrated in 21 patients (25.9%), 26 patients (32%) underwent a successful leak closure procedure, and the remaining 34 (42%) patients were placed on OAC. At the median follow-up period of 15.9 ± 9.2 months, 9 TE events (2.9%) were reported: 7 with persistent leak and 2 without any detectable leaks on 2-dimensional TEE (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Complete occlusion of the LAA with the Lariat device was associated with the low rate of TE events at long-term follow-up. However, residual leaks were common after Lariat closure and the stroke rate was significantly higher in patients with incomplete occlusion, even with small leaks.

8.
Heart Rhythm ; 17(2): 203-210, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fragmented QRS (fQRS) on 12-lead electrocardiography is a noninvasive marker of intramyocardial conduction delay due to ventricular scarring that has not previously been studied in atrial fibrillation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association of fQRS with left atrial (LA) scarring in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (PsAF) undergoing first catheter ablation. METHODS: A total of 376 patients with PsAF were enrolled. Severity of LA scarring was assessed using electroanatomic mapping. Narrow fQRS was defined by the presence of an additional R wave (R') or notching in the nadir of the S wave, or the presence of >1 R' in 2 contiguous leads corresponding to inferior, lateral, or anterior myocardial regions. RESULTS: Both any degree (97.3% vs 63.3%) and severe (42.2% vs 6.3%) LA scarring were higher in patients with fQRS. Age and fQRS were found to be independent predictors of severe LA scarring. At multiple ventricular regions, fQRS had diagnostic accuracy of 79.8% for prediction of severe LA scarring. Nonpulmonary vein triggers were more often detected and ablated in patients with fQRS and severe LA scarring (84.4% vs 70%; P = .001). Atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence was observed in 131 patients (34.8%) during 18.9 ± 7.7 months of follow-up, which was significantly higher in patients with fQRS (53.2% vs 16.8%). In multivariate analysis, fQRS was found to be a significant predictor of recurrence (hazard ratio 4.65; 95% interval confidence 2.91-7.42; P <.001). CONCLUSION: The study results showed that fQRS is a simple, available, and noninvasive marker, and that fQRS at multiple ventricular regions is significantly associated with the severity of LA scarring in PsAF patients.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833012

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in patients with a history of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is often considered high risk as OAC-related ICH is associated with high mortality rates. Left atrial appendage closure with a WATCHMAN device is an alternative management strategy to OAC to decrease thrombotic risk in atrial fibrillation patients; however use of OAC followed by dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) or DAPT therapy alone is required for 6 months post-procedurally. In this study, we examined the safety of WATCHMAN implantation followed by 6 months of anti-thrombotic therapy in patients with a history of ICH. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 63 patients with a history of ICH prior to WATCHMAN implantation (Group I) and 95 patients without a history of ICH who underwent WATCHMAN placement (Group II). The primary outcome was death, stroke, or major bleeding within 6 months of WATCHMAN placement. RESULTS: The average CHA2DS2-VASc of Group I was 4.9 ± 1.7 vs 4.7 ± 1.4 for Group II (p = 0.34). The most common type of ICH in Group I was an intracerebral hemorrhage (57%). The median time between ICH and WATCHMAN implantation in Group I patients was 212 days. A total of 19% of Group I patients were managed with DAPT alone post-procedurally vs. 3% in Group II (p < 0.001). Similar to 89% of Group II (p = 0.19), 95% of Group I patients were free of the primary outcome at 6 months. No Group I patients had recurrent ICH within 6 months after WATCHMAN implantation. CONCLUSION: In a retrospective, multicenter series of patients with a history of ICH prior to WATCHMAN implantation, WATCHMAN placement was performed safely with 6-month outcomes that were similar to patients without a history of ICH, encompassing the time during which a patient with a history of ICH would need antithrombotic therapy to facilitate WATCHMAN placement.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Warfarin is deemed safe compared to bridging with heparin in the peri-procedure setting while implanting cardiac devices. The timing of discontinuation and re-initiation of direct anticoagulant agents (DOACs) such as dabigatran, apixaban, and rivaroxaban in the peri-procedural setting in comparison to warfarin is not well studied. OBJECTIVE: We wanted to compare three DOAC agents with warfarin during cardiac device implantation. METHODS: Consecutive patients on treatment with dabigatran, rivaroxaban, or apixaban (group A) undergoing a cardiac device generator change, upgrade, or new implantation procedure were compared to those on warfarin (group B). Incidence of hematoma, infection, effusion, stroke, and other complications were noted at 1 day, 1 week, and 3 months. RESULTS: A total of 311 patients in group A underwent the above procedures with 73 patients on dabigatran, 153 on rivaroxaban, and 85 on apixaban. There were 467 patients on warfarin in group B. Mean age of the total population was 68 ± 12 years with 67% males and > 80% Caucasians. The last dose of the DOAC was the night prior to the procedure and resumed the night of the procedure (single dose interruption for apixaban and dabigatran and no un-interruption for rivaroxaban). There was no difference noted in the incidence of minor or major hematoma (9% vs 8.5%, p = 0.7). No stroke occurred in either group. CONCLUSION: Use of DOAC agents with transient interruption of one dose is as safe as warfarin in the peri-procedural setting during implantation of cardiac devices.

11.
Card Electrophysiol Clin ; 11(4): 731-738, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706479

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation catheter ablation has emerged as the most effective strategy to restore and maintain sinus rhythm. The cornerstone of atrial fibrillation ablation is elimination of triggers from the pulmonary veins by pulmonary vein isolation. Nevertheless, some patients may experience atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrences even with permanent pulmonary vein antral isolation. Whether and in which patients pulmonary vein antral isolation should be considered as the only ablation strategy remains a matter of debate. This review aims to summarize the rationale and effectiveness of different ablation approaches and identify key points for a uniform atrial fibrillation ablation strategy.

12.
Heart Rhythm ; 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The electrocardiogram (ECG) is essential for the differential diagnosis of wide QRS complex tachycardia (WCT). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of a novel ECG algorithm on the basis of the morphological characteristics of the QRS on the limb leads. METHODS: The limb lead algorithm (LLA) was evaluated by analyzing 528 monomorphic WCTs with electrophysiology-confirmed diagnoses. In the LLA, ventricular tachycardia (VT) is diagnosed in the presence of at least 1 of the following: (1) monophasic R wave in lead aVR; (2) predominantly negative QRS in leads I, II, and III; and (3) opposing QRS complex in the limb leads: concordant monophasic QRS in all 3 inferior leads and concordant monophasic QRS in 2 or 3 of the remaining limb leads with a polarity opposite to that of the inferior leads. The diagnostic performance of the LLA was compared with that of the Brugada, Vereckei, and R-wave peak time (RWPT) algorithms. RESULTS: Of 528 WCT cases, 397 were VT and 131 supraventricular tachycardia. The interobserver agreement for the LLA was excellent (κ = 0.98), better than that for the other algorithms. The overall accuracy of the LLA (88.1%) was similar to that of Brugada (85.4%) and Vereckei (88.1%) algorithms but was higher than that of the RWPT algorithm (70.8%). The LLA had a lower sensitivity (87.2%) than did Brugada (94.0%) and Vereckei (92.4%) algorithms, but not the RWPT algorithm (67.8%). Furthermore, the LLA showed a higher specificity (90.8%) than did Brugada (59.5%), Vereckei (76.3%), and RWPT (80.2%) algorithms. CONCLUSION: The LLA is a simple yet accurate method to diagnose VT when approaching WCTs on the ECG.

13.
Card Electrophysiol Clin ; 11(3): 487-493, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400873

RESUMO

Despite technological advancements, radiofrequency catheter ablation for pulmonary vein isolation remains a challenging procedure, as maneuvering the catheter to obtain effective lesions is technically complex and time consuming. For this reason, balloon-based ablation systems have been developed, which can quickly and easily isolate the pulmonary veins (single-shot), with outcomes comparable with point-by-point catheter ablation in the paroxysmal atrial fibrillation population. In this review, we discuss 3 balloon-based devices that use radiofrequency to obtain permanent lesions, a relatively emerging technology that may pose as an alternative option to cryoenergy or laser for single-shot pulmonary vein isolation.

14.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(8): 1019-1028, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Loss of contractility leading to stasis of blood flow following left atrial appendage electrical isolation (LAAEI) could lead to thrombus formation. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the incidence of thromboembolic events (TE) in post-LAAEI cases "on" and "off" oral anticoagulation (OAC). METHODS: A total of 1,854 consecutive post-LAAEI patients with follow-up transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) performed in sinus rhythm at 6 months to assess left atrial appendage (LAA) function were included in this analysis. RESULTS: The TEE at 6 months revealed preserved LAA velocity, contractility, and consistent A waves in 336 (18%) and abnormal parameters in the remaining 1,518 patients. In the post-ablation period, all 336 patients with preserved LAA function were off OAC. At long-term follow-up, patients with normal LAA function did not experience any stroke events. Of the 1,518 patients with abnormal LAA contractility, 1,086 remained on OAC, and the incidence of stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) in this population was 18 of 1,086 (1.7%), whereas the number of TE events in the off-OAC patients (n = 432) was 72 (16.7%); p < 0.001. Of the 90 patients with stroke, 84 received left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) devices. At median 12.4 months (interquartile range: 9.8 to 15.3 months) of device implantation, 2 (2.4%) patients were on OAC because of high stroke risk or personal preference, whereas 81 patients discontinued OAC after LAAO device implantation without any TE events. CONCLUSIONS: LAAEI is associated with a significant risk of stroke that can be effectively reduced by optimal uninterrupted OAC or LAAO devices.

15.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(10): 1811-1818, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association of P wave duration (PWD) with left atrial scar (LAS) in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). METHODS: Consecutive patients with PAF undergoing their first catheter ablation were screened and only those in sinus rhythm at baseline were included in the analysis. A standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was performed in all and three-dimensional voltage mapping of the left atrium was generated for identification of low-voltage areas (≤0.2 mV) before the procedure. RESULTS: In total, 411 patients with PAF were included in this study of which 181 had LASs (scar group), while 230 had no scar (nonscar group). In the scar group, patients were older (65.5 ± 8.8 vs 59.7 ± 11.7 years; P < .001), the proportion of female was higher (47.5% vs 37.4%; P = .04) and left atrial (LA) diameter (4.1 ± 0.6 vs 3.9 ± 0.6 cm; P < .001) was larger compared with the nonscar group. There was no significant difference in terms of hypertension, sleep apnea, and diabetes between the two groups. When comparing ECG characteristics between the two groups, PWD was significantly longer in the scar group (122.9 ± 18.5 and 116.9 ± 28.0 ms; P = .01). A multivariate analysis was performed, after adjustment of age, sex, LA diameter, PWD ≥ 120 ms was found to be an independent predictor of LA scarring (OR: 1.69, p-value: 0.02). CONCLUSION: In the current series, prolonged PWD was found to be independently associated with LA scarring in PAF, even after adjustment for age, sex, and LA diameter.

16.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(2): 165-169, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many centers use radiofrequency (RF) energy at 25-35 W for 30-60 seconds. There is a safety concern about using higher power, especially on the posterior wall. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine complication rates for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablations performed with high-power, short-duration RF energy. METHODS: We examined the complication rates of 4 experienced centers performing AF ablations at RF powers from 45-50 W for 2-15 seconds per lesion. In total, 13,974 ablations were performed in 10,284 patients. On the posterior wall, 11,436 ablations used 45-50 W for 2-10 seconds, and 2538 ablations used power reduced to 35 W for 20 seconds. Esophageal temperature monitoring was used in 13,858 (99.2%). RESULTS: Demographics were age 64 ± 11 years, male 68%, left atrial size 4.4 ± 0.7 cm, paroxysmal AF 37%, persistent AF 42%, longstanding AF 20%, antiarrhythmic drugs failed 1.4 ± 0.7, hypertension 54%, diabetes 15%, previous cerebrovascular accident/transient ischemic attack 7%, and CHA2DS2-VASc score 2.1 ± 1.4. Procedural time was 116 ± 41 minutes. Complications were death in 2 (0.014%; 1 due to stroke and 1 due to atrioesophageal fistula), pericardial tamponade in 33 (0.24%; 26 tapped, 7 surgical), strokes <48 hours in 6 (0.043%), strokes 48 hours-30 days in 6 (0.043%), pulmonary vein stenosis requiring intervention in 2 (0.014%), phrenic nerve paralysis in 2 (0.014%; both resolved), steam pops 2 (0.014%) without complications, and catheter char 0 (0.00%). There was 1 atrioesophageal fistula in 11,436 ablations using power 45-50 W on the posterior wall and 3 in 2538 ablated with 35 W on the posterior wall (P = .021), although 2 of the 3 had no esophageal monitoring during a fluoroless procedure. CONCLUSION: AF ablations can be performed at 45-50 W for short durations with very low complication rates. High-power, short-duration ablations have the potential to shorten procedural and total RF times and create more localized and durable lesions.

17.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(7): 1039-1046, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) triggers within the coronary sinus (CS)/great cardiac vein (GCV) and the left atrial appendage (LAA) have been recognized as nonpulmonary vein triggers of AF. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe an electrical connection between the LAA and CS/GCV and its importance in achieving LAA electrical isolation (LAAEI). METHODS: A total of 488 consecutive patients undergoing catheter ablation for persistent or long-standing persistent AF who showed firing from the LAA and/or from the CS/GCV were enrolled in this multicenter prospective study. In all patients, potential defragmentation of the CS/GCV to achieve isolation and LAAEI was attempted with both endocardial and epicardial ablation. RESULTS: In 7% (n = 34) of these patients, after attempting endocardial LAAEI, the LAA was isolated during epicardial ablation in the GCV. In 8% (n = 39) of patients after attempting endocardial LAA isolation, the LAA was isolated during ablation along the endocardial aspect of the GCV. The presence of a venous branch connecting the GCV with the LAA was found in all these patients. In 23% (n = 112) of patients, the isolation of the LAA also isolated the GCV. In all these patients, LAA dissociated firing was present together with the CS/GCV recordings. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest the presence of a distinct electrical connection between the GCV and the LAA. The clinical relevance of our results requires further investigation. Ablation in the CS/GCV can result in inadvertent isolation of the LAA. Ablation of the GCV is relevant to achieve LAAEI. Considering the potential long-term implications, ablation in the distal CS/GCV should prompt assessment of LAA conduction.

18.
Europace ; 21(7): 1048-1054, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30726903

RESUMO

AIMS: Manual compression (MC), widely used to achieve venous access haemostasis, needs prolonged immobilization and extended time-to-haemostasis. Vascular closure devices (VCD) have been reported to have significantly shorter time to haemostasis and ambulation in arterial access-site management. The current study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy as well as rate of urinary tract complications in patients receiving MC vs. VCD for venous access-site closure. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 803 consecutive patients undergoing catheter ablation or left atrial appendage closure were classified into the VCD (n = 304) and the MC (n = 499) group, based on the methods used for haemostasis at the venous access site. Foley catheter was used for bladder-emptying in all MC cases and 15 VCD patients. At one site, VCD group patients with experience of MC in prior ablations were asked to describe their overall satisfaction level after comparing the past experience with the present. Haemostasis was achieved effectively in both populations. No VCD cases required >2 h bed rest, whereas 7 (1.4%) patients in the MC group needed prolonged immobilization (P = 0.04). Significantly higher incidence of access-site haematoma (P = 0.004) and urinary complications (P < 0.05) were observed in the MC group. Majority of VCD patients (68%) with prior experience of MC for haemostasis expressed satisfaction over the early ambulation and ability to void urine without bladder catheterization. CONCLUSION: Vascular closure devices provided effective haemostasis, while reducing the access-site complications, ambulation time, and urinary complications.

19.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(4): 511-516, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623500

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Electrical isolation of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is an important adjunctive ablation strategy in patients with nonparoxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients who have impaired LAA contractility following isolation may require long-term oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy irrespective of their CHADS2 -VASc score. Percutaneous LAA occlusion (LAAO) is a potential alternative to life-long OAC therapy. We aimed to assess the rate of OAC discontinuation and thromboembolic (TE) events following percutaneous LAAO in patients who underwent LAA electrical isolation (LAAI). METHODS: This is a retrospective two-center study of patients who underwent percutaneous LAAO following LAAI. Patients with at least 3-month follow-up were included in the study. The antithrombotic therapy and TE events at the time of the last follow-up were noted. RESULTS: The LAA was successfully occluded in 162 (with Watchman device in 140 [86.4%] and Lariat in 22 [13.6%]). A total of 32 patients had leaks detected on the 45-day transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE); 21 (15%) Watchman and 11 (50%) Lariat cases (P = 0.0001). Two (one Watchman and one Lariat) of the 32 leaks were more than 5 mm. After the 45-day TEE, 150 (92.6%) patients were off-OAC. No TE events were reported in the 150 patients who stopped the anticoagulants. Four (2.47%) patients experienced stroke following the LAAO (three Watchman and one Lariat) procedure while on-OAC, two of which were fatal. At the median follow-up of 18.5 months, 159 (98.15%) patients were off-anticoagulant. CONCLUSION: Up to 98% of patients with LAAI could safely discontinue OAC after undergoing the appendage closure procedure.

20.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(6): 888-895, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in atrial tachyarrhythmias correlates with lesion transmurality. Ablation Index (AI) is an index that incorporates contact force, time, and radiofrequency power simultaneously and is able to predict lesion size and outcomes in RFCA of atrial fibrillation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether AI could be an acute and long-term success predictor in RFCA of premature ventricular complexes (PVCs). METHODS: One hundred forty-five patients with idiopathic outflow tract PVCs undergoing RFCA were retrospectively enrolled. The maximum and maximum AI values were calculated for each ablation site. Acute and 6-month outcomes were analyzed. Patients were divided into 3 outcome subgroups-success, acute failure, and 6-month failure-and the maximum and mean AI values were compared. RESULTS: Acute and 6-month success rates were 95% and 77%, respectively. The maximum and mean AI values were statistically higher in the success group (median of the maximum AI 630 [IQR 561-742]; median of the mean AI 489 [IQR 411-560]) than in the acute failure group (median of the maximum AI 487 [IQR 445-583]; median of the mean AI 372 [IQR 332-434]; P < .0001 for both) and the 6-month failure group (median of the maximum AI 519 [IQR 476-568]; median of the mean AI 410 [IQR 368-472]; P < .0001 for both). Both maximum and mean AI values were confirmed to be statistically higher in the success group than in the failure/6-month failure group (P = .001 and P = .04, respectively) and right ventricular free wall (P = .007 and P = .01, respectively) PVC origin subgroups. CONCLUSION: Our data support the concept that AI could be a long-term success predictor in RFCA of PVCs. However, further prospective studies are required to assess the feasibility of the AI-guided PVC ablation approach.

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