Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 271
Filtrar
1.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(3): 331-333, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435773
2.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190720, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428059

RESUMO

Objective This study evaluated the clinical effect of violet LED light on in-office bleaching used alone or combined with 37% carbamide peroxide (CP) or 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). Methodology A total of 100 patients were divided into five groups (n=20): LED, LED/CP, CP, LED/HP and HP. Colorimetric evaluation was performed using a spectrophotometer (ΔE, ΔL, Δa, Δb) and a visual shade guide (ΔSGU). Calcium (Ca)/phosphorous (P) ratio was quantified in the enamel microbiopsies. Measurements were performed at baseline (T 0 ), after bleaching (T B ) and in the 14-day follow-up (T 14 ). At each bleaching session, a visual scale determined the absolute risk (AR) and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS). Data were evaluated by one-way (ΔE, Δa, ΔL, Δb), two-way repeated measures ANOVA (Ca/P ratio), and Tukey post-hoc tests. ΔSGU and TS were evaluated by Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney, and AR by Chi-Squared tests (a=5%). Results LED produced the lowest ΔE (p<0.05), but LED/HP promoted greater ΔE, ΔSGU and Δb (T 14 ) than HP (p<0.05). No differences were observed in ΔE and ΔSGU for LED/CP and HP groups (p>0.05). ΔL and Δa were not influenced by LED activation. After bleaching, LED/CP exhibited greater Δb than CP (p>0.05), but no differences were found between these groups at T 14 (p>0.05). LED treatment promoted the lowest risk of TS (16%), while HP promoted the highest (94.4%) (p<0.05). No statistical differences of risk of TS were found for CP (44%), LED/CP (61%) and LED/HP (88%) groups (p>0.05). No differences were found in enamel Ca/P ratio among treatments, regardless of evaluation times. Conclusions Violet LED alone produced the lowest bleaching effect, but enhanced HP bleaching results. Patients treated with LED/CP reached the same efficacy of HP, with reduced risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity and none of the bleaching protocols adversely affected enamel mineral content.

3.
J Adhes Dent ; 22(2): 225-226, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32322843
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032415

RESUMO

This article reports a comprehensive restorative treatment using bulk-fill composites and discusses their properties and clinical performance. A 20-year-old man sought dental treatment due to the dark shade of his smile and multiple old amalgam fillings. Based on clinical and radiographic findings, and the patient's demand for tooth-colored fillings, treatment comprised enamel microabrasion and in-office dental bleaching, followed by the replacement of amalgam fillings by bulk-fill composites. Bulk-fill composites exhibit modifications in the filler size and shape or in the chemistry of monomers that allow them to be applied in thicker layers (4 to 5 mm), creating opportunities for simpler, faster, and more-efficient clinical procedures, as seen in the present report.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Dente , Adulto , Materiais Dentários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Adulto Jovem
5.
Microsc Res Tech ; 83(2): 186-195, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701615

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of 10% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) as deproteinizing agent and storage media on bond strength (BS) of two etch-and-rinse adhesive systems to dentin. Twenty-eight sound extracted human third molars were divided in four groups (n = 7), according to dentin treatment (conventional etching or etching followed by 10% NaOCl application) and adhesive systems (GB-Gluma 2Bond and OS-One-Step). After dentin treatments and adhesive application, a composite block was built-up on dentin surface and teeth were serially sectioned to obtain bonded sticks specimens. The sticks were submitted to three aging conditions: (24H) 24 hr in water (immediate), (SH) 3 hr of NaOCl accelerated-aging or (1Y) 1 year of water storage. Afterward, submitted to microtensile bond strength test (µTBS), failure modes and adhesive interfaces analyzes. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test (α = .05). Dentin deproteinization before bonding significantly reduced µTBS for GB-treated group (p < .05), regardless the aging conditions. Water storage for 1 year (1Y) and NaOCl accelerated-aging (SH) decreased µTBS for both adhesives. Yet, the groups stored in NaOCl (SH) exhibited the lowest BS results (p < .05). Bond strength of deproteinized dentin was dependent on the adhesive system composition and NaOCl accelerated-aging promoted decreased bond strength and further degradation than water storage for 1 year.

6.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 32(1): 102-112, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim is to evaluate the effect of violet light (VL) and nonthermal atmospheric plasma (NTAP) combined with or without 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) and 37% carbamide peroxide (CP). METHODS: Bovine crowns were divided into (n = 10) VL, VL/HP, VL/CP, NTAP, NTAP/HP, NTAP/CP, HP, CP, and C (control) groups. Color and whiteness change (CIELAB-Δ Eab, CIEDE2000-Δ E00 , whiteness index-ΔWID ), color parameters (ΔL, Δa, and Δb), and intrapulpal concentration (µL/mL) of HP were assessed by spectrophotometry. Scanning electron microscopy evaluated the morphology of enamel surface. Data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Tukey (Δ Eab , ΔE00 , ΔWID , ΔL, and µL/mL) and Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (Δ a and Δ b, α = 5%). RESULTS: VL increased ΔEab and ΔWID of CP (P < .05). VL and NTAP alone resulted in perceptible color and whiteness change, but lower than those in the gel-treated groups (P < .05). Activation modes increased ΔL compared with that of C, but only VL enhanced Δb when applied alone or combined with CP. VL and NTAP did not increase HP diffusion (P > .05) or cause alterations in enamel morphology. However, HP and CP promoted topographical changes. CONCLUSION: VL and NTAP changed color to a lesser extent than bleaching gels. VL produced supplementary effectiveness only for CP (ΔEab and ΔWID ), without increasing HP diffusion or changing enamel morphology. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Although violet LED light and nonthermal atmospheric plasma (NTAP) promoted in vitro perceptible bleaching without compromising enamel morphology, bleaching gels (hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide) were more effective than VL or NTAP. VL or NTAP did not increase intrapulpal diffusion of peroxide.

7.
ROBRAC ; 28(87): 232-239, out./dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1096272

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do plasma atmosférico não-térmico (PANT), sozinho ou associado ao jateamento ou adesivo, e do tempo de armazenamento em água na resistência de união por cisalhamento (RUC) do reparo de cerâmicas CAD/CAM de matriz resinosa (CMR) com resina composta. Amostras de 14x7x1mm de três CMRs, Enamic (VITA Zahnfabrik), Cerasmart (GC Corp.) e Lava Ultimate (3M Oral Care), foram obtidas e submetidas ao envelhecimento artificial (EQ-UV, Equilam) por 300 horas. Os seguintes tratamentos de superfície foram realizados: (1- Controle) jateamento + silano + adesivo; (2) PANT; (3) PANT + adesivo; (4) jateamento + PANT. Cilindros de resina composta (Spectra Smart, Dentsply Sirona, 1,5 mm diâmetro e altura) foram aderidos às superfícies tratadas e a RUC foi avaliada em uma máquina de ensaio universal (EZ Test, Shimadzu) após 24 horas ou 1 ano de imersão em água, a 37oC (n=10). No geral, o tratamento controle obteve os melhores resultados de RUC, comparado aos grupos tratados com PANT. Houve redução da RUC após 1 ano de imersão em água para a maioria dos grupos, entre eles para o controle do Enamic e Lava Ultimate, enquanto Cerasmart não mostrou redução. O tratamento com PANT, sozinho ou associado a outro tratamento, não foi capaz de aumentar a RUC do reparo das CMRs com resina composta. O tratamento controle parece ser o melhor método de reparo das CMRs, principalmente considerando-se a longevidade do tratamento.


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of nonthermal atmospheric plasma (NTAP), alone or combined with sandblasting or adhesive, and water-storage time on the shear bond strength (SBS) of resin composite repair of resin matrix ceramics (RMC). Samples (14x7x1mm) of three RMCs, Enamic (VITA Zahnfabrik), Cerasmart (GC Corp.), and Lava Ultimate (3M Oral Care), were prepared and submitted to artificial aging (EQ-UV, Equilam) for 300 h. The following surface treatments were performed: (1- Control) sandblasting + silane + adhesive; (2) NTAP; (3) NTAP + adhesive; (4) sandblasting + NTAP. Resin composite cylinders (Spectra Smart, Dentsply Sirona, 1,5 mm diameter and height) were bonded to the treated surfaces and the SBS was evaluated in a universal testing machine (EZ Test, Shimadzu) after 24 h or 1 year of water storage, at 37oC (n=10). In general, the control treatment obtained the best SBS results, compared to groups treated with NTAP. There was a decrease in SBS after 1 year of water immersion for most groups, including the control treatment for Enamic and Lava Ultimate, while Cerasmart presented no reduction. The treatment with NTAP alone or combined with another treatment, was not capable of increasing the SBS of resin composite repair to RMCs. Control treatment seems to be the best method for repairing CMRs, mainly considering the treatment longevity.

8.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(5): 477-478, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624809
9.
Microsc Res Tech ; 82(10): 1756-1767, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313442

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness (Ra), and the morphology and composition of filler particles of different composites submitted to toothbrushing and water storage. Disc-shaped specimens (15 mm × 2 mm) were made from five composites: two conventional (Z100™, and Filtek™ Supreme Ultra Universal, 3M), one "quick-cure" (Estelite ∑ Quick, Tokuyama), one fluoride-releasing (Beautiful II, Shofu), and one self-adhering (Vertise Flow, Kerr) composite. Samples were finished/polished using aluminum oxide discs (Sof-Lex, 3M), and their surfaces were analyzed by profilometry (n = 5) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM; n = 3) at 1 week and after 30,000 toothbrushing cycles and 6-month water storage. Ra data were analyzed by two-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). Filler particles morphology and composition were analyzed by SEM and X-ray dispersive energy spectroscopy, respectively. Finishing/polishing resulted in similar Ra for all the composites, while toothbrushing and water storage increased the Ra of all the tested materials, also changing their surface morphology. Beautifil II and Vertise Flow presented the highest Ra after toothbrushing and water storage. Filler particles were mainly composed of silicon, zirconium, aluminum, barium, and ytterbium. Size and morphology of fillers, and composition of the tested composites influenced their Ra when samples were submitted to toothbrushing and water storage.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas , Resinas Compostas , Poliuretanos , Propriedades de Superfície , Imagem Óptica
10.
Braz Dent J ; 30(4): 385-396, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340230

RESUMO

This study evaluated the decomposition rate (DR), pH, enamel color alteration (DE) and whiteness index (DWI) promoted by at-home and in-office bleaching. Enamel surface was submitted to (n=10): at-home (10%, 15%, 20% carbamide peroxide - CP, 6% hydrogen peroxide -HP) and three 35% HP agents with light irradiation (LED, laser, and halogen) or no treatment (control). The DR and pH of agents were measured after 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 h (at-home) or after 5, 15, 20, 30 and 40 min (in-office). Color parameters (L*, a*, b*, DE, DWI) were determined at baseline and after bleaching. DR, pH, L*, a*, b* data were analyzed by one-way (at-home) or two-way (in-office) repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey test. DE and DWI, by one-way (at-home) or two-way (in-office) ANOVA and Tukey test. DR of at-home agents was similar after 6 and 8 h (p>0.05), with pH close to neutral (6.5 to 6.9, CP) or acid 5.9 (6% HP). From 4 to 8 h, DE was higher for 15% and 20% CP compared with 10% CP (p<0.05). After 40 min, DR of 35% HP agents was similar and all exhibited significant DE in one application (p<0.05), regardless light irradiation. DWI indicated whitening effect with no differences among groups (p>0.05). One 35% HP showed alkaline pH, and the others, pH < 5.5. At-home agents could be applied for 2 h (15%, 20% CP, 6% HP) and 4 h (10% CP) and the in-office agents, up to 40 min in one application, without light.


Assuntos
Clareadores , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Cor , Esmalte Dentário , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Ureia
11.
Braz Dent J ; 30(4): 397-403, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340231

RESUMO

This study measured and compared exitance irradiance and power of 4 commercial dental light-curing units (LCU) (Elipar S10, Elipar DeepCure-S, Corded VALO and Bluephase Style) using different types of radiometers. The devices used to analyze the LCU were classified as either handheld analog (Henry Schein, Spring, Demetron 100A, Demetron 100B and Demetron 200), handheld digital (Bluephase 1, Bluephase II, Coltolux, CureRite and Hilux), or laboratory instruments (Thermopile and Integrating Sphere). The laboratory instruments and the Bluephase II radiometer were also used to measure the LCU's power (mW). The LCU's were activated for 20 s (n=5). Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test (a=0.05). Among the LCU, the laboratory instruments presented different irradiance values, except for Corded VALO. The Coltolux and Hilux radiometers measured greater irradiance values compared to the laboratory instruments for the four LCUs tested. Within a given LCU, handheld analog units measured lower irradiance values, compared to handheld digital and laboratory instruments, except using the Spring radiometer for the Elipar S10 LCU. None of the handheld radiometers were able to measure similar irradiance values compared to laboratory instruments, except for Elipar S10 when comparing Bluephase 1 and Thermopile. Regarding power measurement, Bluephase II always presented the lowest values compared to the laboratory instruments. These findings suggest that the handheld radiometers utilized by practitioners (analog or digital) exhibit a wide range of irradiance values and may show lower outcomes compared to laboratory based instruments.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Radiometria , Resinas Compostas , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 397-403, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011558

RESUMO

Abstract This study measured and compared exitance irradiance and power of 4 commercial dental light-curing units (LCU) (Elipar S10, Elipar DeepCure-S, Corded VALO and Bluephase Style) using different types of radiometers. The devices used to analyze the LCU were classified as either handheld analog (Henry Schein, Spring, Demetron 100A, Demetron 100B and Demetron 200), handheld digital (Bluephase 1, Bluephase II, Coltolux, CureRite and Hilux), or laboratory instruments (Thermopile and Integrating Sphere). The laboratory instruments and the Bluephase II radiometer were also used to measure the LCU's power (mW). The LCU's were activated for 20 s (n=5). Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Student-Newman-Keuls multiple comparison test (a=0.05). Among the LCU, the laboratory instruments presented different irradiance values, except for Corded VALO. The Coltolux and Hilux radiometers measured greater irradiance values compared to the laboratory instruments for the four LCUs tested. Within a given LCU, handheld analog units measured lower irradiance values, compared to handheld digital and laboratory instruments, except using the Spring radiometer for the Elipar S10 LCU. None of the handheld radiometers were able to measure similar irradiance values compared to laboratory instruments, except for Elipar S10 when comparing Bluephase 1 and Thermopile. Regarding power measurement, Bluephase II always presented the lowest values compared to the laboratory instruments. These findings suggest that the handheld radiometers utilized by practitioners (analog or digital) exhibit a wide range of irradiance values and may show lower outcomes compared to laboratory based instruments.


Resumo Esse estudo mensurou e comparou a irradiância e a energia de quatro fotopolimerizadores comerciais (Elipar S10, Elipar DeepCure-S, Corded VALO e Bluephase Style) utilizando diferentes tipos de radiômetros. Os dispositivos utilizados para analisar os fotopolimerizadores foram classificados em portáteis analógicos (Henry Schein, Spring, Demetron 100A, Demetron 100B e Demetron 200), portáteis digitais (Bluephase 1, Bluephase II, Coltolux, CureRite e Hilux), ou instrumentos laboratoriais (Thermopile e Integrating Sphere). Os instrumentos laboratoriais e o radiômetro Bluephase II também foram utilizados para medir a energia dos fotopolimerizadores (mW). Os fotopolimerizadores foram ativados por 20 s (n=5). Os dados foram analisados utilizando Kruskal-Wallis e teste de Student-Newman-Keuls (a=0,05). Dentre os fotopolimerizadores, os instrumentos laboratoriais apresentaram diferentes valores de irradiância, exceto para o Corded VALO. O Coltolux e o Hilux mensuraram uma irradiância maior comparado aos instrumentos de laboratório para os quatro fotopolimerizadores testados. Para o mesmo fotopolimerizador, os radiômetros analógicos portáteis mensuraram menores valores de irradiância quando comparados aos digitais portáteis ou aos instrumentos laboratoriais, exceto quando utilizado o Spring para o Elipar S10. Nenhuma diferença foi observada entre os instrumentos laboratoriais na irradiância do Corded VALO. Para a medição da energia, nenhuma diferença foi observada usando Thermopile e a Integrating Sphere para o Corded VALO. Para os outros fotopolimerizadores, cada instrumento indicou uma energia diferente. Esses achados sugerem que radiômetros portáteis utilizados pelos cirurgiões-dentistas (analógico ou digital) exibem uma ampla gama de valores de irradiância e podem mostrar medidas inferiores comparados aos instrumentos de laboratório.

13.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 385-396, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011560

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the decomposition rate (DR), pH, enamel color alteration (DE) and whiteness index (DWI) promoted by at-home and in-office bleaching. Enamel surface was submitted to (n=10): at-home (10%, 15%, 20% carbamide peroxide - CP, 6% hydrogen peroxide -HP) and three 35% HP agents with light irradiation (LED, laser, and halogen) or no treatment (control). The DR and pH of agents were measured after 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 h (at-home) or after 5, 15, 20, 30 and 40 min (in-office). Color parameters (L*, a*, b*, DE, DWI) were determined at baseline and after bleaching. DR, pH, L*, a*, b* data were analyzed by one-way (at-home) or two-way (in-office) repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey test. DE and DWI, by one-way (at-home) or two-way (in-office) ANOVA and Tukey test. DR of at-home agents was similar after 6 and 8 h (p>0.05), with pH close to neutral (6.5 to 6.9, CP) or acid 5.9 (6% HP). From 4 to 8 h, DE was higher for 15% and 20% CP compared with 10% CP (p<0.05). After 40 min, DR of 35% HP agents was similar and all exhibited significant DE in one application (p<0.05), regardless light irradiation. DWI indicated whitening effect with no differences among groups (p>0.05). One 35% HP showed alkaline pH, and the others, pH < 5.5. At-home agents could be applied for 2 h (15%, 20% CP, 6% HP) and 4 h (10% CP) and the in-office agents, up to 40 min in one application, without light.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou a taxa de decomposição (DR), pH, alteração da cor do esmalte (∆E) e índice de clareamento (DWI) promovido por agentes clareadores caseiros e de consultório. A superfície do esmalte foi submetida a (n=10): agentes caseiros (10%, 15%, 20% de peróxido de carbamida - CP e 6% de peróxido de hidrogênio - HP) e três agentes a base de HP a 35% comirradiação por luz (LED, laser e halógena) ou sem tratamento (controle). A DR e pH dos agentes foi mensurada após 0, 2, 4, 6 e 8h (agentes caseiros) e após 5, 15, 20, 30 e 40 min (agentes de consultório). Parâmetros de cor (L*, a*, b*, DE e DWI) foram determinados inicialmente e após clareamento. Os dados da DR, pH, L*, a*, b* foram analisados por ANOVA um fator (agentes caseiros) ou dois fatores (agentes de consultório) de medidas repetidas e teste Tukey. ΔE e DWI por ANOVA um fator (agentes caseiros) e dois fatores (agentes de consultório) e teste Tukey. A DR dos agentes clareadores caseiros foi similar após 6 e 8 h (p>0.05), com pH próximo ao neutro (6,5 a 6,9 - CP) ou ácido (5,9- HP 6%). De 4 a 8 h, a ∆E foi maior para CP 15% e 20% comparado ao CP 10% (p<0.05). Após 40 min, a DR dos agentes HP 35% foi similar e todos exibiram ∆E significante em uma aplicação (p<0.05), independente da aplicação de luz. DWI indicou efeito clareador, sem diferenças entre os grupos (p>0.05). Um agente HP 35% exibiu pH alcalino, e os outros, pH<5.5. Os agentes clareadores caseiros poderiam ser aplicados por 2 h (15%, 20% CP e 6% HP) e 4 h (CP 10%), e os agentes clareadores de consultório, até 40 min em uma aplicação, sem luz.

14.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(3): 289-290, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165108
15.
Eur J Dent ; 13(1): 69-74, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study measured the in vivo temperature of prepared root canal walls during various stages of treatment prior to endodontic postcementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One tooth each from five patients requiring endodontic treatment received conventional gutta-percha obturation. The coronal 4 mm of gutta-percha was removed by drilling and the canal wall temperature was measured. A sterile, saline rinse was applied, and another temperature value was recorded. Paper points were placed, and the wall temperature was recorded. A standardized period of 1.5 minute passed, simulating time needed to mix and place the resin cement and post (no resin was placed), after which the final wall temperature was obtained. The tooth was temporized and scheduled for prosthetic reconstruction. A one-way repeated measure analysis of variance (with Tukey's post hoc test) was performed among mean temperature values for each treatment stage (preset α 0.05). RESULTS: Significant temperature differences were found among the treatment stages. Canal space drilling yielded the highest temperature (35.5 ± 0.8°C), while the lowest was obtained after saline rinsing (34.0 ± 0.9°C). The temperature of prepared root canal wall prior to postplacement (34.9 ± 1.2°C) and following paper point drying (34.8 ± 1.1°C) presented intermediate results, with no statistical difference between them. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that root canal wall temperature varied during various stages of preparation prior to endodontic post.

16.
Dent Mater ; 35(6): 928-936, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study probes how modifiedapproaches for filler surface treatment in dental composites based on alternative silanes and functional nanogel additives affects physicochemical properties of these materials with a focus on polymerization stress development. METHODS: Nanogels were synthesized from isobornyl methacrylate, ethoxylated bisphenol-A dimethacrylate and isocyanatoethyl methacrylate followed by partial further reaction with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate to provide both isocyanate and methacrylate functionalization. A barium glass filler (˜1 µm particle size) was treated with either γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS), N-methylaminopropyltrimethoxy (MAP) or N-allylaminopropyltrimethoxy (AAP) silanes. The reactive nanogels were then covalently attached to the aminosilane-treated fillers. Surface treatment was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and diffuse reflectance infrared spectroscopy (DR-IR). Composites were formulated with 60 wt% of the various functionalized fillers and the materials were evaluated for polymerization kinetics, polymerization stress (PS), volumetric shrinkage, mechanical properties and photorheology. Data were evaluated by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5% significance level. RESULTS: Filler surface treatments were confirmed by TGA and DR-IR analyses. Nanogel-functionalized fillers significantly reduced PS up to 20%, while the degree of conversion and elastic modulus were not compromised. Similar storage modulus development during polymerization was observed among materials by photorheology although the rate of polymerization was significantly increased for nanogel-based treatments. A significant decrease in flexural strength was observed for amino functional silane groups; however, there was no statistical difference in strength for the MPS control group compared with the nanogel-modified composites. SIGNIFICANCE: Filler surface treatment modified with a reactive nanogel enables significant PS reduction, without compromise to degree of conversion or mechanical properties of dental composites.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Silanos , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Maleabilidade , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 94: 238-248, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30927591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of experimental conditioners (10-3 solution - 10-3, 6.8% ferric oxalate - FOX, and 1.4% nitric acid - NI) on dentin elastic modulus, flexural strength, bond strength, failure mode, and adhesive interface morphology of two etch-and-rinse adhesives (XP Bond, Dentsply or One-Step, Bisco) applied on etched dry dentin. METHODS: Sound human third molars were used for the microtensile bond strength test (n = 8), performed at 24 h and after one year of water storage. Failure modes were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy. Dentin bonding interface was analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (n = 3). Adhesive systems were applied on phosphoric acid-etched, wet (positive control) and dry (negative control) dentin, and on etched and dry dentin previously treated with 10-3 (15s), FOX (60s), or NI (15s). Bovine dentin bars (n = 15) were immersed into the conditioning solutions and subjected to a three-point bending test. RESULTS: XP Bond + 10-3 or NI resulted in lower bond strength than phosphoric acid. One-Step + 10-3 or NI resulted in bond strengths equivalent to the positive control. Experimental conditioners presented no bond strength reduction after one year, regardless of the bonding agent tested. One-Step resulted in more adhesive failures than XP Bond at 24 h, and mixed failures increased after storage. All experimental conditioners promoted hybridization and resin tags formation, except FOX. Dentin elastic modulus was not affected by the conditioners, whereas flexural strength was significantly reduced by FOX. CONCLUSIONS: Adequate and stable dentin bonds were achieved when the bonding agents were applied on 10-3 or NI-treated dentin. None of the experimental conditioners reduced dentin elastic modulus, but dentin flexural strength was significantly reduced by FOX-conditioning.

18.
J Prosthodont Res ; 63(2): 232-238, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598403

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of indirect restorative material type and thickness on the transmission of different wavelengths from a broad-banded dental curing light. METHODS: Four dental indirect restorative materials for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) were evaluated: [RC] resin/ceramic hybrid material (Lava Ultimate), [FC] feldspathic ceramic (VitaBlocs), and two zirconia-based ceramics ([ZK] Katana; and [ZL] Lava). Total loss of irradiance (TL) was measured for blue (WB, 425-490nm) and violet (WV, 350-425nm) wavelengths. Specimens of 15×15mm with varying thicknesses (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0mm) were fabricated (n=5). A plasma-arc dental light-curing unit was used (Arc Light-II). To assess TL as a function of wavelength, a software (Spectra Suite v5.1) connected to a spectroradiometer (USB2000) and an integrating sphere (CTSM-LSM-60-SF) was used. Data was subjected to statistical analysis (two-way ANOVA and post-hoc Tukey test, α=0.05). RESULTS: A 0.5mm interposition resulted in TL from 50.5 to 67.2%, depending on material. Increased thickness resulted in higher TL for all materials. FC showed less TL compared to ZK. In general, WV showed higher TL than did WB, and WV/WB proportion decreased with increasing thickness. CONCLUSIONS: Indirect materials significantly reduced TL, and this effect is greater with increasing thickness. WV showed lower penetration compared to WB.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Luz , Teste de Materiais , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Polimerização , Cimentos de Resina , Zircônio
19.
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(2): 275-280, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-997492

RESUMO

Objective: to evaluate the effect of aluminum oxide sandblasting (AOS), argon plasma application (APL) and their combination (AOS+APL) on the shear bond strength (SBS) of dual-cure resin cement (Panavia F 2.0, Kuraray Noritake) to two zirconia-based ceramics (Lava, 3M ESPE and Katana, Kuraray Noritake). Material and Methods: One hundred twenty zirconia plates (13 mm in length X 5 mm in width X 1 mm in thickness) were prepared and treated according to the following treatments: 1- AOS, 2- APL,3- AOS+APL and 4- no treatment (control). After treatments, resin cement cylinders (1.4 mm in diameter x 1 mm in height) bonded to zirconia surface were obtained by filling up the silicon matrix. The shear bond test was performed following storage of the samples for 24 hours and one year. Bond strength values were recorded in MPa and the data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test (preset alpha of 0.05). Results: In general, AOS and AOS +APL showed the higher SBS. After one-year storage, SBS of the resin cement to the Katana zirconia did not reduce, regardless of the zirconia surface treatment. Conclusion: AOS alone was able to increase the SBS of the resin cement to both zirconia ceramics compared to control and SBS remained stable after one year depending on type of zirconia ceramic. (AU)


Objetivo: avaliar o efeito do jateamento de óxido de alumínio (AOS), aplicação de plasma de argônio (APL) e sua combinação (AOS + APL) na resistência ao cisalhamento (SBS) do cimento resinoso dual (Panavia F 2.0, Kuraray Noritake) a duas cerâmicas à base de zircônia (Lava, 3M ESPE e Katana, Kuraray Noritake). Material e Métodos: Cento e vinte placas de zircônia (13 mm de comprimento X 5 mm de largura X 1 mm de espessura) foram preparadas e tratadas de acordo com os seguintes tratamentos: 1- AOS, 2- APL, 3- AOS + APL e 4 - sem tratamento (controle). Após realizados os tratamentos, com a utilização de uma matriz de silicone (1,4 mm de diâmetro x 1 mm de altura) foram confeccionados cílindros de cimento resinoso na superfície da zircônia. O teste de cisalhamento foi realizado após o armazenamento das amostras por 24 horas e um ano. Os valores de resistência de união foram registrados em MPa e os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de três fatores e teste post-hoc de Tukey (alfa de 0,05). Resultados: Em geral, AOS e AOS + APL apresentaram a maior SBS. Após um ano de armazenamento, o SBS do cimento resinoso para a zircônia Katana não reduziu, independentemente do tratamento da superfície da zircônia. Conclusão: AOS isoladamente foi capaz de aumentar a SBS do cimento resinoso para ambas as zircônias em comparação com o controle e a SBS permaneceu estável após um ano, dependendo do tipo de zircônia. (AU)


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Abrasão Dental por Ar , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Gases em Plasma
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e122, 2018 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569972

RESUMO

The effects of tooth brushing could affect the long-term esthetic outcome of composite restorations. This study evaluated the effect of two different emission spectrum light-curing units on the surface roughness, roughness profile, topography and microhardness of bulk-fill composites after in vitro toothbrushing. Valo (multiple-peak) and Demi Ultra (single-peak) curing lights were each used for 10s to polymerize three bulk-fill resin composites: Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative (FBF), Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TET) and Surefil SDR Flow (SDR). After 30,000 reciprocal strokes in a toothbrushing machine, the roughness profile, surface roughness, surface morphology, and microhardness were examined. Representative SEM images were also obtained. When light-cured with the Demi Ultra, SDR showed the most loss in volume compared to the other composites and higher volume loss compared to when was light-cured with Valo. The highest surface roughness and roughness profile values were found in SDR after toothbrushing, for both light-curing units tested. FBF always had the greatest microhardness values. Light-curing TET with Valo resulted in higher microhardness compared to when using the Demi Ultra. Confocal and SEM images show that toothbrushing resulted in smoother surfaces for FBF and TET. All composites exhibited surface volume loss after toothbrushing. The loss in volume of SDR depended on the light-curing unit used. Toothbrushing can alter the surface roughness and superficial aspect of some bulk-fill composites. The choice of light-curing unit did not affect the roughness profile, but, depending on the composite, it affected the microhardness.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/efeitos da radiação , Luzes de Cura Dentária , Escovação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Análise de Variância , Resinas Compostas/química , Dureza/efeitos dos fármacos , Dureza/efeitos da radiação , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Confocal , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Polimerização , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos da radiação , Fatores de Tempo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA