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1.
Codas ; 32(5): e20180052, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174981

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the association between laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) with age, gender, vocal deviation and voice complaints. METHODS: The study included patients between 18 and 70 years old, referred to the Otorhinolaryngology service for complaints of voice or reflux, of both sexes. Endolaryngeal findings were classified using the Reflux Finding Score (RFS) scale. The presence or absence of vocal and reflux complaints was verified and correlated with the RFS classification. On the same date, they were submitted to sustained vowel voice recording and chained speech. The auditory-perceptual assessment was performed by a speech therapist, classifying the general degree of vocal deviation based on the GRBASI scale. RESULTS: Ninety-seven patients were evaluated, with a mean age of 42. 6 years, 62. 3% female, and mean RFS scores of 6. 26 points. Among the patients, 48 subjects had vocal complaints, 34 women with a mean age of 44. 9 years and an average RFS score of 6. 94 points. The other 49 individuals had no vocal complaints, and of these 27 were women, with a mean age of 41. 2 years and a mean RFS score of 5. 5 points. The variables "reflux complaint", "vocal complaint" and age were the ones that most correlated with the RFS scale scores. CONCLUSION: There is a relationship among reflux complaints, laryngeal findings and vocal complaint.


Assuntos
Refluxo Laringofaríngeo , Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/complicações , Refluxo Laringofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade da Voz , Adulto Jovem
2.
Codas ; 32(4): e20190135, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813819

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability that in tune and out of tune individuals have to identify normal and deviated voice qualities and to compare it with their performance in auditory processing tests and perceptual judgment. METHOD: The study investigated 15 in tune and 15 out of tune individuals. Participants were matched for age and sex, were amateur choir singers, had normal hearing thresholds and normal vocal quality. All individuals underwent Pitch-matching scanning to be classified as in or out of tune. Next, they performed the Pitch Pattern Sequence (PPS) and the Duration Pattern Sequence (DPS) tests and the perceptual judgment of 36 voices plus 20% of repetition for reliability analysis. RESULTS: The out of tune individuals had worse performance in the PPS and DPS for both ears (p=0.002 RE; p=0.001 LE; p=0.009 DPS); no difference was observed in the perceptual judgment and the reliability (p=0.153). However, participants with normal PPS and DPS had better performance in the perceptual judgment and better reliability (p=0.033). Thus, individuals with disorders in temporal auditory processing skills have greater difficulty in the perceptual judgment and have lower intra-rater reliability, despite being in or out of tune. CONCLUSION: It can be observed that voice tone is not required to guarantee good perceptual judgment. However, temporal patterns and intra-rater reliability are essential to perceptually assess normal and altered voice qualities. Therefore, auditory training should be included in programs that aim to develop voice perceptual judgment abilities.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Percepção Auditiva/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Percepção Auditiva/psicologia , Julgamento , Acústica da Fala , Qualidade da Voz , Percepção Auditiva , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Audição , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
CoDAS ; 32(4): e20190135, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133510

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a habilidade de identificação de vozes normais e alteradas por indivíduos afinados e desafinados, comparando seu desempenho nos testes de processamento auditivo e na avaliação perceptivo-auditiva. Método: Participaram 15 indivíduos afinados e 15 desafinados pareados quanto à idade e sexo, oriundos de um coral amador, com limiares auditivos e qualidade vocal dentro dos padrões de normalidade. Todos foram submetidos à Triagem da Afinação vocal para a alocação nos grupos de afinados e desafinados. Em seguida, realizaram o Teste Padrão de Frequência (TPF), Teste Padrão de Duração (TPD) e análise perceptivo-auditiva de 36 vozes, mais 20% de repetição para teste de confiabilidade. Resultados: Os indivíduos desafinados apresentaram resultados estatisticamente menores que os afinados no TPF e no TPD para ambas as orelhas (p=0,002 OD; p=0,001 OE; p=0,009 TPD). Resultados da análise perceptivo-auditiva e da confiabilidade não apresentaram diferença (p=0,153). Contudo, esses resultados foram melhores quando comparados os participantes com valores normais no TPF e TPD, em relação aos resultados alterados (p=0,033). Assim, participantes com testes temporais de processamento auditivo alterados apresentaram maiores dificuldades na análise perceptivo-auditiva e menor confiabilidade intrassujeito, independentemente de serem ou não afinados. Conclusão: Percebe-se que a afinação vocal não é um pré-requisito para a realização de uma boa avaliação perceptivo-auditiva da voz, mas os padrões temporais e a confiabilidade intrassujeito estão notavelmente associados à análise perceptivo-auditiva de vozes normais e alteradas. Assim, sugere-se que o treinamento auditivo seja contemplado em programas de desenvolvimento da habilidade de realizar avaliação perceptivo-auditiva da voz.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the ability that in tune and out of tune individuals have to identify normal and deviated voice qualities and to compare it with their performance in auditory processing tests and perceptual judgment. Method: The study investigated 15 in tune and 15 out of tune individuals. Participants were matched for age and sex, were amateur choir singers, had normal hearing thresholds and normal vocal quality. All individuals underwent Pitch-matching scanning to be classified as in or out of tune. Next, they performed the Pitch Pattern Sequence (PPS) and the Duration Pattern Sequence (DPS) tests and the perceptual judgment of 36 voices plus 20% of repetition for reliability analysis. Results: The out of tune individuals had worse performance in the PPS and DPS for both ears (p=0.002 RE; p=0.001 LE; p=0.009 DPS); no difference was observed in the perceptual judgment and the reliability (p=0.153). However, participants with normal PPS and DPS had better performance in the perceptual judgment and better reliability (p=0.033). Thus, individuals with disorders in temporal auditory processing skills have greater difficulty in the perceptual judgment and have lower intra-rater reliability, despite being in or out of tune. Conclusion: It can be observed that voice tone is not required to guarantee good perceptual judgment. However, temporal patterns and intra-rater reliability are essential to perceptually assess normal and altered voice qualities. Therefore, auditory training should be included in programs that aim to develop voice perceptual judgment abilities.

4.
CoDAS ; 32(5): e20180052, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133536

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a associação entre Refluxo laringofaríngeo (RLF) com idade, sexo, desvio vocal e queixas de voz. Método: Participaram do estudo pacientes entre 18 e 70 anos, encaminhados ao serviço de otorrinolaringologia por queixas de voz ou refluxo, de ambos os sexos. Os achados endolaríngeos foram classificados utilizando a escala Reflux Finding Score (RFS). A presença ou não de queixas vocais e de refluxo foi verificada e correlacionada com a classificação RFS. Na mesma data, os pacientes foram submetidos à gravação de voz de vogal sustentada e fala encadeada. A avaliação perceptivo-auditiva foi realizada por uma fonoaudióloga, classificando o grau geral do desvio vocal com base na escala GRBASI. Resultados: Foram avaliados 97 pacientes, com média de idade de 42,6 anos, sendo 62,3% do sexo feminino e média dos escores da escala RFS igual a 6,26 pontos. Do total de pacientes, 48 indivíduos apresentavam queixas vocais, sendo 34 mulheres com idade média de 44,9 anos e escore RFS médio de 6,94 pontos. Os outros 49 indivíduos não apresentavam queixas vocais, e desses 27 eram mulheres, com idade média de 41,2 anos e média de escore RFS igual a 5,5 pontos. As variáveis "queixa de refluxo", "queixa vocal" e idade foram as que mais se correlacionaram com os escores da escala RFS. Conclusão: Há relação entre queixas de refluxo, achados laríngeos e queixa vocal.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To verify the association between laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) with age, gender, vocal deviation and voice complaints. Methods: The study included patients between 18 and 70 years old, referred to the Otorhinolaryngology service for complaints of voice or reflux, of both sexes. Endolaryngeal findings were classified using the Reflux Finding Score (RFS) scale. The presence or absence of vocal and reflux complaints was verified and correlated with the RFS classification. On the same date, they were submitted to sustained vowel voice recording and chained speech. The auditory-perceptual assessment was performed by a speech therapist, classifying the general degree of vocal deviation based on the GRBASI scale. Results: Ninety-seven patients were evaluated, with a mean age of 42. 6 years, 62. 3% female, and mean RFS scores of 6. 26 points. Among the patients, 48 subjects had vocal complaints, 34 women with a mean age of 44. 9 years and an average RFS score of 6. 94 points. The other 49 individuals had no vocal complaints, and of these 27 were women, with a mean age of 41. 2 years and a mean RFS score of 5. 5 points. The variables "reflux complaint", "vocal complaint" and age were the ones that most correlated with the RFS scale scores. Conclusion: There is a relationship among reflux complaints, laryngeal findings and vocal complaint.

5.
J Voice ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879240

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an association exists between auditory skills and the reliability of judgments of the vocal deviation grade and the degrees of roughness and breathiness and to evaluate whether these skills are predictive of interrater reliability in auditory-perceptual evaluations. METHODS: The sample consisted of 20 speech-language pathology students without previous training in auditory-perceptual evaluation. The students underwent a basic audiological evaluation and a central auditory processing evaluation. They then participated in two auditory-perceptual evaluation sessions assessing the general grade (GG) and the degrees of roughness and breathiness of 44 samples of sustained vowel production with the presence or absence of dysphonia. For statistical analysis, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and a beta regression model were used. RESULTS: A difference was found in the average ICCs of the GG parameter between listeners with high and low temporal resolution and binaural interaction skills. Temporal resolution skills and binaural interaction affected the ICC of listeners in the GG evaluation, reducing the likelihood of reliability by 2.8 and 3.6 times, respectively. CONCLUSION: An association exists between temporal resolution skills and binaural interaction and the reliability of listeners in evaluations of vocal deviation severity. Listeners with low levels of these skills show less reliability in evaluations of the severity of vocal deviation. In addition, temporal resolution and binaural interaction are predictors and explain 42.7% of the variability in the reliability of evaluations of vocal deviation severity.

6.
Codas ; 31(4): e20180184, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483041

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a game on vocal health and hygiene (VoxPedia) and apply it to adults aiming to investigate knowledge about vocal health and the vocal self-assessment in this population. METHODS: The study sample was composed of 293 adults, of which 204 were women and 129 were voice professionals, invited to participate through digital media. Participants completed to the following forms and instruments: 1) Informed Consent Form (ICF); 2) Identification Data form; 3) Voice Handicap Index: 10 (VHI-10) protocol; 4) Vocal Health and Hygiene Questionnaire (VHHQ); 5) VoxPedia quiz. RESULTS: The VoxPedia quiz was developed using simple and dynamic questions that allowed the participants to know their performance in real time. Data collected through this quiz showed that voice professionals reported reduced voice handicap and had higher scores in the VHHQ and VoxPedia. Voice professionals or not, participants who answered wrongly to the nature of impact of health aspects in the VHHQ reported increased voice handicap in the VHI-10; however, despite the self-reported handicap, most of them did not report voice complaints. In contrast, when voice complaints were reported, the participants not always perceived handicap or searched for vocal therapy. CONCLUSION: The VoxPedia quiz presented some concepts on vocal health and hygiene to the participants. In addition, it enabled the study of the relation between knowledge about vocal care and voice self-assessment. The data suggest that individuals with greater knowledge about vocal health and hygiene show better voice self-assessment, those with worse voice self-assessment do not perceive voice problems, and those who perceive voice problems do not necessarily seek professional assistance.


Assuntos
Jogos Experimentais , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Autoavaliação , Voz/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
7.
CoDAS ; 31(4): e20180184, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019718

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Desenvolver um game sobre saúde e higiene vocal (VoxPedia) e aplicá-lo em adultos, para investigar o conhecimento em cuidados vocais e compreender a autoavaliação vocal dos respondentes. Método Participaram 293 adultos, 204 mulheres e 129 profissionais da voz, convidados através de mídias digitais. Os participantes responderam: 1) Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido (TCLE); 2) Dados de Identificação; 3) Protocolo do Índice de Desvantagem Vocal (IDV-10); 4) Questionário de Saúde e Higiene Vocal (QSHV); 5) Aplicação do quiz VoxPedia. Resultados O VoxPedia foi desenvolvido com questões simples e com dinâmica que permitiu aos participantes conhecerem seu desempenho em tempo real. Os dados adquiridos através do quiz mostram que os profissionais da voz relataram menos desvantagem vocal e acertaram mais itens no QSHV e questões do VoxPedia. Profissionais da voz ou não, os participantes que erraram a natureza do impacto dos aspectos de saúde no QSHV referiram maior desvantagem vocal no IDV-10. Contudo, apesar da desvantagem autorreferida, a maioria não relata problemas de voz. Em contrapartida, quando o respondente relatou problemas de voz, nem sempre houve desvantagem percebida ou busca por terapia vocal. Conclusão O VoxPedia apresentou alguns conceitos de saúde e higiene vocal aos participantes. Além disso, possibilitou o estudo das relações entre conhecimento em cuidados vocais e autoavaliação vocal. Os dados sugerem que os indivíduos com mais conhecimento em cuidados vocais têm melhor autoavaliação de voz; participantes com pior autoavaliação vocal não percebem problemas de voz; e aqueles que percebem problemas vocais não necessariamente procuram cuidados profissionais.


ABSTRACT Purpose To develop a game on vocal health and hygiene (VoxPedia) and apply it to adults aiming to investigate knowledge about vocal health and the vocal self-assessment in this population. Methods The study sample was composed of 293 adults, of which 204 were women and 129 were voice professionals, invited to participate through digital media. Participants completed to the following forms and instruments: 1) Informed Consent Form (ICF); 2) Identification Data form; 3) Voice Handicap Index: 10 (VHI-10) protocol; 4) Vocal Health and Hygiene Questionnaire (VHHQ); 5) VoxPedia quiz. Results The VoxPedia quiz was developed using simple and dynamic questions that allowed the participants to know their performance in real time. Data collected through this quiz showed that voice professionals reported reduced voice handicap and had higher scores in the VHHQ and VoxPedia. Voice professionals or not, participants who answered wrongly to the nature of impact of health aspects in the VHHQ reported increased voice handicap in the VHI-10; however, despite the self-reported handicap, most of them did not report voice complaints. In contrast, when voice complaints were reported, the participants not always perceived handicap or searched for vocal therapy. Conclusion The VoxPedia quiz presented some concepts on vocal health and hygiene to the participants. In addition, it enabled the study of the relation between knowledge about vocal care and voice self-assessment. The data suggest that individuals with greater knowledge about vocal health and hygiene show better voice self-assessment, those with worse voice self-assessment do not perceive voice problems, and those who perceive voice problems do not necessarily seek professional assistance.

8.
Codas ; 30(3): e20170107, 2018 Jun 07.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898037

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the learning factor during a perceptual-auditory analysis of an unusual task in three different groups. METHODS: 269 listeners, divided into three groups: 73 voice specialists Speech Language Pathologists (EG), 84 voice specialists Speech Language Pathologists (NEG); and 112 non-speech pathologists in the Naive Group (NG). They all completed a listening session that included 18 synthesized and 18 human voices with different types and degrees of deviation (50% of repetition for intra-rater consistency analysis). The task was to classify the voices as human or synthesized. We analyzed the learning factor by comparing the initial error percentage, first 18 voices, with the final, last 18 voices. RESULTS: EG presented less error towards the end of the task (25.5%) than at the beginning (28.6%) with statistical difference (p = 0.024). The error percentage of the beginning and the end of the task did not differ for the NEG and the NG (NEG beginning = 36.5%, end = 35.3%; NG beginning = 38.3%, end = 37.7%). CONCLUSION: The EG was the only group to present evidence of learning factor. Therefore, it seems that professional experience positively influences the perceptual-auditory analysis, which reinforces the impact of its training to become a voice specialist. Moreover, the voice specialists seem to be more prepared and more susceptible to use learning strategies to improve their performance during a perceptual-auditory analysis task, even if unusual.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia , Disfonia/diagnóstico , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autoavaliação , Distúrbios da Fala , Recursos Humanos
9.
J Voice ; 32(6): 771.e25-771.e36, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28967586

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare and to correlate the performance of women with behavioral dysphonia and without voice disorders in auditory processing tests and in the Voice Tone Reproduction Test (VTRT). METHODS: Forty women aged from 18 to 44 years participated and were divided in two groups: dysphonic (DG) and non-dysphonic (NDG). The participants underwent interview, hearing, otorhinolaryngology and voice assessments (voice record, VTRT through phonetography), and auditory processing assessment-using the Pitch Pattern Sequence (PPS) test and the Duration Pattern Sequence (DPS) test. The statistical analysis compared both groups, and there was a correlation test (P < 0.05). RESULTS: The NDG had a better performance in the PPS test (P = 0.000), in the VTRT test in the first attempt (P = 0.025), and in the total of correct answers (P = 0.017). There was a positive correlation between the PPS and both the first attempt of the VTRT and the total number of attempts. Regarding the DPS, there was a positive correlation for the left ear with the total number of VTRT attempts. CONCLUSIONS: Dysphonic women presented disorders in temporal auditory processing skills, revealing an important relation between vocal production and impairment of some central auditory functions. There was a positive correlation between the performance in the auditory processing assessment and the performance in voice tone reproduction in both groups. The VTRT may assist speech therapists and voice trainers in verifying difficulties of auditory perception of dysphonic women when the cause is due to behavioral tdysphonia.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva , Disfonia/diagnóstico , Testes Auditivos/métodos , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/diagnóstico , Qualidade da Voz , Estimulação Acústica , Adolescente , Adulto , Audiometria de Tons Puros , Limiar Auditivo , Disfonia/fisiopatologia , Disfonia/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Julgamento , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/psicologia , Reconhecimento Fisiológico de Modelo , Nível de Percepção Sonora , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Percepção da Fala , Medida da Produção da Fala , Teste do Limiar de Recepção da Fala , Adulto Jovem
10.
CoDAS ; 30(3): e20170107, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-952848

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar o fator de aprendizagem durante uma tarefa perceptivo-auditiva para três grupos diferentes em uma tarefa não usual. Método 269 ouvintes, divididos em três grupos: 73 no grupo dos fonoaudiólogos especialistas em voz (GE), 84 no grupo dos fonoaudiólogos não especialistas em voz (GNE) e 112 no grupo leigo (GL), dos não fonoaudiólogos. Todos foram submetidos a uma sessão de escuta que incluiu 18 vozes humanas e 18 vozes sintetizadas com diferentes tipos e graus de desvio, mais 50% de repetição para avaliar a consistência intraindivíduo. A tarefa era classificar as vozes como humana ou sintetizada. Analisou-se o fator de aprendizagem pela comparação da porcentagem de erros do começo, primeiras 18 vozes, e do final, últimas 18 vozes, da sessão de escuta. Resultados O GE foi submetido ao fator de aprendizagem, apresentando menos erros no final da tarefa (25,5%), do que no começo (28,6%), com diferença estatística (p = 0,024). O GNE e o GL não apresentaram diferença da porcentagem de erros no começo e no final da tarefa (GNE começo = 36,5%; GNE final = 35,3%; GL começo = 38,3%; GL final = 37,7%). Conclusão O GE foi o único grupo que apresentou indícios evidentes do fator de aprendizagem. Parece que a experiência profissional influencia de modo positivo a análise perceptivo-auditiva, reforçando o impacto de um treinamento para se tornar um especialista em voz. Ainda, o especialista em voz parece estar mais preparado e mais suscetível a utilizar estratégias de aprendizagem para melhorar sua performance durante uma tarefa perceptivo-auditiva mesmo que pouco usual.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the learning factor during a perceptual-auditory analysis of an unusual task in three different groups. Methods 269 listeners, divided into three groups: 73 voice specialists Speech Language Pathologists (EG), 84 voice specialists Speech Language Pathologists (NEG); and 112 non-speech pathologists in the Naive Group (NG). They all completed a listening session that included 18 synthesized and 18 human voices with different types and degrees of deviation (50% of repetition for intra-rater consistency analysis). The task was to classify the voices as human or synthesized. We analyzed the learning factor by comparing the initial error percentage, first 18 voices, with the final, last 18 voices. Results EG presented less error towards the end of the task (25.5%) than at the beginning (28.6%) with statistical difference (p = 0.024). The error percentage of the beginning and the end of the task did not differ for the NEG and the NG (NEG beginning = 36.5%, end = 35.3%; NG beginning = 38.3%, end = 37.7%). Conclusion The EG was the only group to present evidence of learning factor. Therefore, it seems that professional experience positively influences the perceptual-auditory analysis, which reinforces the impact of its training to become a voice specialist. Moreover, the voice specialists seem to be more prepared and more susceptible to use learning strategies to improve their performance during a perceptual-auditory analysis task, even if unusual.

11.
J Voice ; 31(4): 516.e5-516.e18, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28089485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the quality of synthesized voices through listeners' skills in discriminating human and synthesized voices. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: Eighteen human voices with different types and degrees of deviation (roughness, breathiness, and strain, with three degrees of deviation: mild, moderate, and severe) were selected by three voice specialists. Synthesized samples with the same deviations of human voices were produced by the VoiceSim system. The manipulated parameters were vocal frequency perturbation (roughness), additive noise (breathiness), increasing tension, subglottal pressure, and decreasing vocal folds separation (strain). Two hundred sixty-nine listeners were divided in three groups: voice specialist speech language pathologists (V-SLPs), general clinician SLPs (G-SLPs), and naive listeners (NLs). The SLP listeners also indicated the type and degree of deviation. RESULTS: The listeners misclassified 39.3% of the voices, both synthesized (42.3%) and human (36.4%) samples (P = 0.001). V-SLPs presented the lowest error percentage considering the voice nature (34.6%); G-SLPs and NLs identified almost half of the synthesized samples as human (46.9%, 45.6%). The male voices were more susceptible for misidentification. The synthesized breathy samples generated a greater perceptual confusion. The samples with severe deviation seemed to be more susceptible for errors. The synthesized female deviations were correctly classified. The male breathiness and strain were identified as roughness. CONCLUSION: VoiceSim produced stimuli very similar to the voices of patients with dysphonia. V-SLPs had a better ability to classify human and synthesized voices. VoiceSim is better to simulate vocal breathiness and female deviations; the male samples need adjustment.


Assuntos
Percepção Auditiva , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/normas , Qualidade da Voz , Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/classificação
12.
J Voice ; 30(5): 639.e17-23, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26337775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To verify the discriminatory ability of human and synthesized voice samples. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective study. METHODS: A total of 70 subjects, 20 voice specialist speech-language pathologists (V-SLPs), 20 general SLPs (G-SLPs), and 30 naive listeners (NLs) participated of a listening task that was simply to classify the stimuli as human or synthesized. Samples of 36 voices, 18 human and 18 synthesized vowels, male and female (9 each), with different type and degree of deviation, were presented with 50% of repetition to verify intrarater consistency. Human voices were collected from a vocal clinic database. Voice disorders were simulated by perturbations of vocal frequency, jitter (roughness), additive noise (breathiness) and by increasing tension and decreasing separation of the vocal folds (strain). RESULTS: The average amount of error considering all groups was 37.8%, 31.9% for V-SLP, 39.3% for G-SLP, and 40.8% for NL. V-SLP had smaller mean percentage error for synthesized (24.7%), breathy (36.7%), synthesized breathy (30.8%), and tense (25%) and female (27.5%) voices. G-SLP and NL presented equal mean percentage error for all voices classification. All groups together presented no difference on the mean percentage error between human and synthesized voices (P value = 0.452). CONCLUSIONS: The quality of synthesized samples was very high. V-SLP presented a lower amount of error, which allows us to infer that auditory training assists on vocal analysis tasks.


Assuntos
Disfonia/fisiopatologia , Julgamento , Acústica da Fala , Percepção da Fala , Qualidade da Voz , Estimulação Acústica , Acústica , Disfonia/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/métodos
13.
J Soc Bras Fonoaudiol ; 24(4): 368-73, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23306688

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a simple and quick-to-apply procedure for pitch-matching scanning that contains vocal imitation tasks of musical sounds of different tones and the temporal ordination of three different tones; to verify its applicability, by comparing the performance of musicians and non-musicians. METHODS: Participants were 32 adults of both genders without vocal, hearing and/or auditory processing complaints. They were equally divided into two groups: musicians group--MG and non-musicians group--NMG. All participants underwent the Pitch-matching Scanning that included musical stimuli compatible with men and women singing vocal range gathered into two types of tasks: isolate tones and three-tone sequences. Participants were instructed to listen to them and to reproduce them vocally. Voice samples were recorded, analyzed acoustically, and right and wrong matches for the two tasks were characterized. The variables regarding the comparison between groups and types of tasks were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A difference was found between groups, and the MG presented greater number of right matches in both tasks. CONCLUSION: The Pitch-matching Scanning was developed and was sensitive to evaluate and compare the performance between groups. Thus, it can be used as a tool for pitch-matching tracking. Musicians presented better performance than non-musicians in the Pitch-matching Scanning.


Assuntos
Música , Nível de Percepção Sonora/fisiologia , Canto/fisiologia , Voz/fisiologia , Estimulação Acústica/métodos , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Feminino , Testes Auditivos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
14.
J. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol ; 24(4): 368-373, 2012. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-660595

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Elaborar um procedimento simples e de rápida aplicação contendo tarefas de imitação vocal de sons musicais de diferentes tons e de ordenação temporal de três tons; verificar sua aplicabilidade, comparando o desempenho de musicistas e não musicistas. MÉTODOS: Participaram 32 indivíduos adultos, de ambos os gêneros, sem queixas vocais, auditivas e/ou de processamento auditivo, que foram divididos igualmente em dois grupos: grupo musicistas - GM e grupo não musicistas - GNM. Todos passaram pela Triagem da Afinação Vocal, que incluiu estímulos musicais compatíveis com a tessitura vocal de homens e mulheres, agrupados em dois tipos de tarefas: tons isolados e sequências de três tons. Os participantes foram instruídos a ouvir os tons apresentados e reproduzí-los vocalmente. As emissões vocais foram gravadas, analisadas acusticamente e os acertos e erros cometidos nos dois tipos de tarefas foram caracterizados. As variáveis referentes à comparação entre os grupos e os tipos de tarefas foram analisadas estatisticamente. RESULTADOS: Houve diferença na comparação entre os dois tipos de tarefas para o GNM, o que não ocorreu com o GM. Foram observadas diferenças na comparação entre os grupos, sendo que o GM apresentou um maior número de acertos nos dois tipos de tarefas. CONCLUSÃO: A Triagem da Afinação Vocal foi criada e mostrou-se sensível para avaliação e comparação do desempenho entre grupos, podendo ser utilizada como instrumento de rastreamento de afinação vocal. Musicistas apresentaram melhor desempenho que não musicistas na Triagem da Afinação Vocal.


PURPOSE: To develop a simple and quick-to-apply procedure for pitch-matching scanning that contains vocal imitation tasks of musical sounds of different tones and the temporal ordination of three different tones; to verify its applicability, by comparing the performance of musicians and non-musicians. METHODS: Participants were 32 adults of both genders without vocal, hearing and/or auditory processing complaints. They were equally divided into two groups: musicians group - MG and non-musicians group - NMG. All participants underwent the Pitch-matching Scanning that included musical stimuli compatible with men and women singing vocal range gathered into two types of tasks: isolate tones and three-tone sequences. Participants were instructed to listen to them and to reproduce them vocally. Voice samples were recorded, analyzed acoustically, and right and wrong matches for the two tasks were characterized. The variables regarding the comparison between groups and types of tasks were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: A difference was found between groups, and the MG presented greater number of right matches in both tasks. CONCLUSION: The Pitch-matching Scanning was developed and was sensitive to evaluate and compare the performance between groups. Thus, it can be used as a tool for pitch-matching tracking. Musicians presented better performance than non-musicians in the Pitch-matching Scanning.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Música , Nível de Percepção Sonora/fisiologia , Canto/fisiologia , Voz/fisiologia , Percepção Auditiva , Estimulação Acústica/métodos , Testes Auditivos
15.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-639232

RESUMO

Objetivo: Comparar a deglutição e a qualidade de vida emdeglutição de pacientes submetidos a laringectomia total deacordo com o tipo de fechamento faríngeo (manual x mecânico).Método: 30 pacientes submetidos a laringectomia total, sendo15 com fechamento faríngeo manual (grupo controle) e 15com fechamento mecânico (grupo de estudo) foram eleitose compararam-se, entre os grupos, os principais hábitosalimentares, aspectos clínicos, a avaliação endoscópica dadeglutição e as respostas do questionário de qualidade devida em deglutição (SWAL-QOL). Resultados: O grupo comfechamento mecânico apresentou tempo de uso de sondanasoenteral menor que o grupo com fechamento manual, sendoeste dado estatisticamente significante. Quanto à queixa dedeglutição este número foi maior nos pacientes com fechamentomecânico (53,33%) comparado com o grupo manual (33,33%).Nas avaliações clínica e endoscópica da deglutição os gruposapresentaram estase, sendo estas similares quanto à localização,porém o grupo mecânico apresentou em maior quantidade devidoà presença de uma ?trave faríngea? observada na avaliaçãoendoscópica. O grupo com fechamento mecânico teve melhorclassificação da gravidade do distúrbio da deglutição (Macedo etal., 1996). Quanto ao SWAL-QOL o grupo de estudo apresentouimpacto discreto na qualidade de vida em deglutição, comparadocom o grupo controle que teve impacto moderado. Conclusão:O grupo com fechamento mecânico apresentou menor tempode realimentação por via oral, menor classificação na escala deMacedo et al. (1996) e melhor classificação no SWAL-QOL.No entanto, mais queixa de deglutição e maior presença de estasedevido à ?trave I faríngea?.

16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Fonoaudiol ; 16(3): 282-290, 2011. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-598642

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Investigar a consistência da duração e a reprodutibilidade do padrão dos eventos acústicos relacionados à deglutição de indivíduos sem queixa. MÉTODOS: Oitenta e oito mulheres e 76 homens, entre 6 e 85 anos, com um microfone acoplado ao pescoço e ligado a um computador, realizaram nove deglutições de saliva, e de 5 ml e 10 ml de água. A partir do registro acústico dos sons captados, analisaram-se as durações dos intervalos entre os picos dos dois principais cliques de deglutição (T), da apneia da deglutição (dA), e a relação entre ambos (T/dA). RESULTADOS: Não houve diferenças quanto às durações médias dos tempos entre os picos dos dois cliques da deglutição (T), da apneia da deglutição (dA) e da relação T/dA nas diferentes faixas etárias ou entre os gêneros, com exceção do índice T/dA para as deglutições de 5 ml de água. CONCLUSÃO: Os sons da deglutição apresentam um padrão característico e reprodutível, sendo distinguíveis de ruídos externos e de outros sons produzidos na região cervical, podendo, assim, ser utilizados em métodos de avaliação das disfagias.


PURPOSE: To investigate the consistency of duration and reproducibility of the pattern of acoustical events related to the swallowing of individuals without complaints. METHODS: Participants were 88 women and 76 men with ages between 6 and 85 years. With a microphone attached to the neck and connected to a computer, each of them performed nine swallowings of saliva, of 5 ml of water, and of 10 ml of water. Based on the acoustic registration of the sounds recorded, the duration of the interval between the peaks of the two main swallowing clicks (T), of the swallowing apnea (dA), and of the relationship between them (T/dA). RESULTS: No differences were found regarding the mean duration between the peaks of the two swallowing clicks (T), the mean duration of the swallowing apnea (dA), and the relationship T/dA in the different age ranges and between genders, except for the T/dA index for the swallowing of 5 ml of water. There was no correlation between age and the measured parameters. CONCLUSION: The swallowing sounds present a characteristic reproducible pattern, which is distinct both from external noises and from other sounds produced in the cervical region. Therefore, they may be used in dysphagia evaluation methods.


Assuntos
Humanos , Apneia , Auscultação/instrumentação , Diagnóstico por Computador , Som , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 67(1): 58-61, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19330213

RESUMO

The phonoarticulatory diadochokinesis test has been recommended to evaluate neurological disorders. It is a speech task that consists of the ability to repeat at high speed a segment of speech. The purpose of this research is to analyze the diadochokinesia rate of adults from two distinct age groups. 23 young adults and 23 elderly people, both sexes participated in this study. Each participant produced the /pa/, /ta/, /ka/ syllables, the vowel /a/ and the /pataka/ sequence, as fast and as long as they could with habitual pitch and loudness. The speech samples were analyzed by using the voice and speech analysis software Visi-Pitch III/Sona-Speech, KayElemetrics. Both groups presented with reduced diadochokinesia rate as the speech production became more complex. The young adults group presented with higher diadochokinesia rate in adults in all speech tasks while the elderly adults group had a worse intensity control.


Assuntos
Disartria/fisiopatologia , Acústica da Fala , Testes de Articulação da Fala/métodos , Fala/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Software , Testes de Articulação da Fala/instrumentação , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 67(1): 58-61, Mar. 2009. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-509109

RESUMO

The phonoarticulatory diadochokinesis test has been recommended to evaluate neurological disorders. It is a speech task that consists of the ability to repeat at high speed a segment of speech. The purpose of this research is to analyze the diadochokinesia rate of adults from two distinct age groups. 23 young aice and speech analysis software Visi-Pitch III/Sona-Speech, KayElemetrics. Both groups presented with reduced diadochokinesia rate as the speech production became more complex. The young adults group presented with higher diadochokinesia rate in adults and 23 elderly people, both sexes participated in this study. Each participant produced the /pa/, /ta/, /ka/ syllables, the vowel /a/ and the /pataka/ sequence, as fast and as long as they could with habitual pitch and loudness. The speech samples were analyzed by using the voll speech tasks while the elderly adults group had a worse intensity control.


A prova de diadococinesia fonoarticulatória tem sido recomendada para transtornos neurológicos, sendo uma tarefa de fala que consiste na habilidade de realizar rápidas repetições de segmentos de fala. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a velocidade de diadococinesia em sujeitos adultos em dois grupos etários distintos. Participaram 23 adultos jovens e 23 idosos, de ambos os sexos. Cada indivíduo emitiu as sílabas /pa/, /ta/, /ka/, a vogal /a/ e a seqüência /pataka/, o mais rapidamente e durante o maior tempo possível, em sua freqüência e intensidade habituais. Estas emissões foram analisadas no programa computadorizado de análise de voz e fala Visi-Pitch III/Sona-Speech, da KayElemetrics. Ambos os grupos apresentaram redução da velocidade diadococinética à medida que as emissões foram mais complexas. O grupo mais jovem apresentou velocidade diadococinética maior em todas as emissões enquanto o grupo de idosos teve pior controle de intensidade.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disartria/fisiopatologia , Acústica da Fala , Testes de Articulação da Fala/métodos , Fala/fisiologia , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados , Software , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Testes de Articulação da Fala/instrumentação
19.
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 134(10): 1066-70, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18936352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess, in patients undergoing glossectomy, the influence of the palatal augmentation prosthesis on the speech intelligibility and acoustic spectrographic characteristics of the formants of oral vowels in Brazilian Portuguese, specifically the first 3 formants (F1 [/a,e,u/], F2 [/o,ó,u/], and F3 [/a,ó/]). DESIGN: Speech evaluation with and without a palatal augmentation prosthesis using blinded randomized listener judgments. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Thirty-six patients (33 men and 3 women) aged 30 to 80 (mean [SD], 53.9 [10.5]) years underwent glossectomy (14, total glossectomy; 12, total glossectomy and partial mandibulectomy; 6, hemiglossectomy; and 4, subtotal glossectomy) with use of the augmentation prosthesis for at least 3 months before inclusion in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Spontaneous speech intelligibility (assessed by expert listeners using a 4-category scale) and spectrographic formants assessment. RESULTS: We found a statistically significant improvement of spontaneous speech intelligibility and the average number of correctly identified syllables with the use of the prosthesis (P < .05). Statistically significant differences occurred for the F1 values of the vowels /a,e,u/; for F2 values, there was a significant difference of the vowels /o,ó,u/; and for F3 values, there was a significant difference of the vowels /a,ó/ (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The palatal augmentation prosthesis improved the intelligibility of spontaneous speech and syllables for patients who underwent glossectomy. It also increased the F2 and F3 values for all vowels and the F1 values for the vowels /o,ó,u/. This effect brought the values of many vowel formants closer to normal.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação/reabilitação , Glossectomia/reabilitação , Implantação de Prótese , Fonoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias da Língua/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Transtornos da Articulação/etiologia , Brasil , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glossectomia/efeitos adversos , Glossectomia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Probabilidade , Desenho de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/reabilitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Inteligibilidade da Fala , Medida da Produção da Fala , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol ; 73(3): 378-83, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17684659

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Increased life expectancy raises demands for special attention for the elderly population; speech, language and hearing science deals with their communication disorders. Hearing loss is a common disorder affecting this age group. It is known that the auditory feedback system is essential to human vocalizing, as it organizes voice production. AIM: To assess and correlate the hearing system and the Fundamental Frequency (F0) of women who have variable degrees of sensorineural hearing loss. MATERIAL AND METHOD: a cross-sectional descriptive study. 30 women with a mean age of 75.95 (SD = 7,41) were included. Inclusion criteria were: symmetric sensorineural hearing loss, a high-frequency sloping configuration, and a type A tympanogram. Subjects underwent Pure Tone Audiometry, a Word Recognition Test, Tympanometry, and Voice Assessment. RESULTS: Patients with higher degrees of hearing loss showed an increased fundamental frequency. CONCLUSION: In aged individuals with hearing loss, audiovocal monitoring is altered, resulting in voice parameter changes.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Audição/fisiopatologia , Voz/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Audiometria de Tons Puros , Audiometria da Fala , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Medida da Produção da Fala
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