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1.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038123

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, neurologists have begun to perform focused cardiac ultrasound for the detection of a cardiac source of embolism in stroke patients, requiring them to undergo a prior accredited training process. We designed a prospective study to analyze the incidence of heart disease detected by a focused cardiac ultrasound program within a stroke care network with cardiac imaging units and to identify the outcomes of detected structural heart disease at 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: We included patients admitted to a university hospital for ischemic stroke or a transient ischemic attack between 2017 and 2021 who were evaluated by focused cardiac ultrasound. We studied the presence of structural heart disease and cardioembolic sources. We analyzed cardiovascular events (CVE) during the first year of follow-up. RESULTS: Focused cardiac ultrasound was performed in 706 patients. Structural heart disease was detected in 52.1% and a cardioembolic source in 31.9%. Adverse CVE occurred in 5.49% of the patients in the first year of follow-up. The presence of de novo structural heart disease was independently associated with a higher probability of adverse CVE (HR, 1.72; 95%CI, 1.01- 2.91; P=.046). CONCLUSIONS: Focused cardiac ultrasound within a stroke care network with cardiac imaging units is an accessible technique with high diagnostic yield. Its use allows clinical and therapeutic actions in the prevention of stroke recurrences and other CVEs in this group of patients.

2.
Support Care Cancer ; 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35819522

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine whether the 30-s sit-to-stand (30STS) test can be a valid tool for estimating and stratifying peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) and 6-min walking distance (6MWD) in women with breast cancer. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses data from the ONCORE randomized controlled trial, including 120 women aged 18-70 years with early-stage breast cancer under treatment with anthracycline and/or anti-HER2 antibodies. Participant characteristics were collected at baseline and pooled data from functional assessment (30STS test, relative and absolute VO2peak, and 6MWD) were collected at baseline and post-intervention (comprehensive cardio-oncology rehabilitation program vs. usual care). Bivariate correlations and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to study the relationship between functional test variables. RESULTS: The number of repetitions in the 30STS test showed (i) a moderate correlation with relative VO2peak (ml/kg/min) (r = 0.419; p < 0.001; n = 126), (ii) a weak correlation with absolute VO2peak (ml/min) (r = 0.241; p = 0.008; n = 120), and (iii) a moderate correlation with the 6MWD (r = 0.440; p < 0.001; n = 85). The ONCORE equations obtained from the multivariate regression models allowed the estimation of VO2peak and 6MWD (r2 = 0.390; r2 = 0.261, respectively) based on the 30STS test, and its stratification into tertiles (low, moderate, and high). CONCLUSION: The 30STS test was found to be a useful tool to estimate VO2peak and/or 6MWD in women with early-stage breast cancer. Its use may facilitate the assessment and stratification of functional capacity in this population for the implementation of therapeutic exercise programs if cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) or 6MWT are not available. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03964142. Registered on 28 May 2019. Retrospectively registered. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03964142.

3.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 45(6): [419-423], Jun-Jul. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-204386

RESUMO

Background & aims: Colorectal (CRC) screening programs represent a large volume of procedures that need a follow-up endoscopy. A knowledge-based clinical decision support system (K-CDSS) is a technology which contains clinical rules and associations of compiled data that assist with clinical decision-making tasks. We develop a K-CDSS for management of patients included in CRC screening and surveillance of colorectal polyps. Methods: We collected information on 48 variables from hospital colonoscopy records. Using DILEMMA Solutions Platform © (https://www.dilemasolution.com) we designed a prototype K-CDSS (PoliCare CDSS), to provide tailored recommendations by combining patients data and current guidelines recommendations. The accuracy of rules was verified using four scenarios (normal colonoscopy, lesions different than polyps, non-advanced adenomas and advanced adenomas). We studied the degree of agreement between the clinical assessments made by expert doctors and nurses equipped with PoliCare CDSS. Two experts confirmed a correlation between guidelines and PoliCare recommendations. Results: 56 consecutive endoscopy cases from colorectal screening program were included (62.8 years; range 53-71). Colonoscopy results were: absence of colon lesions (n=7, 12.5%), lesions in the colon that are not polyps (n=3, 5.4%) and resected colonic polyps (n=46, 82.1%; 100% R0 resection). Patients with resected polyps presented non-advanced adenoma (n=21, 45.6%) or advanced lesions (n=25, 54.4%). There were no differences in erroneous orders with PoliCare CDSS (Kappa value 1.0). Conclusions: PoliCare CDSS can easily be integrated into the workflow for improving the overall efficiency and better adherence to evidence-based guidelines.(AU)


Antecedentes & objetivos: Los programas de cribado de cáncer colorrectal (CCR) generan un gran número de colonoscopias de seguimiento. Un sistema de soporte a la decisión clínica basado en el conocimiento (K-CDSS) es una tecnología que contiene reglas clínicas y asociaciones de datos que ayudan en la tarea de toma de decisiones clínicas. El objetivo fue desarrollar un K-CDSS para el manejo de los pacientes de cribado de CCR, y evaluar su eficacia. Métodos: Recolectamos información de 48 variables de registros de colonoscopia. Mediante el software DILEMMA (https://www.dilemasolution.com) diseñamos un prototipo de K-CDSS (PoliCare CDSS), para proporcionar recomendaciones personalizadas, combinando los datos de los pacientes y las recomendaciones de las guías actuales. La exactitud de las reglas se verificó mediante cuatro escenarios (colonoscopia normal, lesiones diferentes a pólipos, adenomas no avanzados y adenomas avanzados). Se estudió el grado de concordancia entre las valoraciones clínicas realizadas por médicos expertos y enfermeros equipados con PoliCare CDSS. Dos expertos confirmaron una correlación entre las pautas y las recomendaciones de PoliCare. Resultados: Se incluyeron 56 casos consecutivos del programa de cribado (62,8 años; rango 53-71). Los resultados de la colonoscopia fueron: ausencia de lesiones de colon (n = 7, 12,5%), lesiones en el colon que no son pólipos (n = 3, 5,4%) y pólipos de colon resecados (n = 46, 82,1%; resección R0 del 100%). Los pacientes con pólipos resecados presentaron adenoma no avanzado (n = 21, 45,6%) o lesiones avanzadas (n = 25, 54,4%). No hubo diferencias en recomendaciones erróneas con PoliCare CDSS (valor Kappa 1.0). Conclusiones: PoliCare CDSS se puede integrar fácilmente en el flujo de trabajo de una unidad de endoscopia digestiva.(AU)


Assuntos
Programas de Triagem Diagnóstica , Neoplasias Colorretais , Colonoscopia , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gastroenterologia , Registros Médicos
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(11)2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682944

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer (EC) is the second most frequent gynecological cancer worldwide. Although improvements in EC classification have enabled an accurate establishment of disease prognosis, women with a high-risk or recurrent EC face a dramatic situation due to limited further treatment options. Therefore, new strategies that closely mimic the disease are required to maximize drug development success. Patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) are widely recognized as a physiologically relevant preclinical model. Hence, we propose to molecularly and histologically validate EC PDX models. To reveal the molecular landscape of PDXs generated from 13 EC patients, we performed histological characterization and whole-exome sequencing analysis of tumor samples. We assessed the similarity between PDXs and their corresponding patient's tumor and, additionally, to an extended cohort of EC patients obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Finally, we performed functional enrichment analysis to reveal differences in molecular pathway activation in PDX models. We demonstrated that the PDX models had a well-defined and differentiated molecular profile that matched the genomic profile described by the TCGA for each EC subtype. Thus, we validated EC PDX's potential to reliably recapitulate the majority of histologic and molecular EC features. This work highlights the importance of a thorough characterization of preclinical models for the improvement of the success rate of drug-screening assays for personalized medicine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Genômica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
5.
J Biomed Inform ; 128: 104033, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35202843

RESUMO

In this paper, we propose a framework for the automatic generation of natural language descriptions of healthcare processes using quantitative and qualitative data and medical expert knowledge. Inspired by the demand of novel ways of conveying process mining analysis results of healthcare processes (Rojas et al., 2016), our framework is based on the most widely used Data-To-Text (D2T) pipeline (Reiter, 2007) and on the usage of process mining techniques. Backed by a general model that handles process data, this framework is able to quantify attributes in time during a process life-span, recall temporal relations and waiting times between events and its possible causes and compare case (patient) attributes between groups, among other features. Through integrating fuzzy quantification techniques, our framework is able to represent relevant quantitative process information with some degree of uncertainty present on it and describe it in natural language involving uncertain terms. A real application over the Aortic Stenosis Integrated Care Process of the University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela is presented, showcasing the potential of our framework for providing natural language descriptions of healthcare processes addressed to medical experts. Following the standards of D2T systems, manual human validation was conducted for the generated natural language descriptions by fifteen medical experts in Cardiology. Validation results are very positive, since a global average of 4.07/5.00 was achieved for questions related to understandability, usefulness and impact of the natural language descriptions on the medical experts work. More precisely, results indicate i) that the modality which conveyed the information most efficiently was natural language ii) a very clear preference of texts over the usual graphic representation of process information as the way for conveying information to experts (4.28/5.00), and iii) natural language descriptions provide relevant and useful information about the process, allowing for its improvement.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Idioma , Processamento de Linguagem Natural
6.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(2)2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206898

RESUMO

Emotional intelligence (EI), empathy, and prosocial behavior (PB) are widely studied in the early stages of life, up to adolescence. However, there have been few studies in older adults. Using a multivariate methodology, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were applied with structural equation models (SEM) in 271 older adults in Colombia, along with a Spanish sample made up of 139 adults over 60 years of age, for a total sample of 411 older adults. The results confirmed that EI, as measured with the WLEIS, scale is the best predictor of PB, with excellent adjustment criteria (GFI = 0.99; CFI = 0.98; RMSEA = 0.064; PCLOSE = 0.28; SRMR = 0.023; AIC = 57.30). It is concluded that the path model yielded a reliable predictive explanation of PB, including EI as a key variable that explains prosocial tendencies.

7.
Oncogene ; 41(13): 1835-1850, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35145232

RESUMO

Analyzing different tumor regions by next generation sequencing allows the assessment of intratumor genetic heterogeneity (ITGH), a phenomenon that has been studied widely in some tumor types but has been less well explored in endometrial carcinoma (EC). In this study, we sought to characterize the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of 9 different ECs using whole-exome sequencing, and by performing targeted sequencing validation of the 42 primary tumor regions and 30 metastatic samples analyzed. In addition, copy number alterations of serous carcinomas were assessed by comparative genomic hybridization arrays. From the somatic mutations, identified by whole-exome sequencing, 532 were validated by targeted sequencing. Based on these data, the phylogenetic tree reconstructed for each case allowed us to establish the tumors' evolution and correlate this to tumor progression, prognosis, and the presence of recurrent disease. Moreover, we studied the genetic landscape of an ambiguous EC and the molecular profile obtained was used to guide the selection of a potential personalized therapy for this patient, which was subsequently validated by preclinical testing in patient-derived xenograft models. Overall, our study reveals the impact of analyzing different tumor regions to decipher the ITGH in ECs, which could help make the best treatment decision.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Heterogeneidade Genética , Evolução Clonal/genética , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação , Filogenia
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 60, 2022 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe in detail an innovative program based on telemedicine for semi-automated prioritization of referrals from Primary Care (PC) to Rheumatology, for reproducibility purposes, and to present the results of the implementation study. METHODS: The context and situation were carefully analyzed, paying attention to all processes in place, referral numbers, waiting times, and number of complementary tests prior to discharge from Rheumatology. The composition of the team, aims, users, scope, and implementation phases were defined. Eight process indicators were established and measured before and 32 months after the program implementation. RESULTS: The program, which includes IT circuits, algorithms based on response to specific guideline-based checklists, e-consultation, and appointments based on priority, was fully implemented in our health area after a pilot study in two PC centers. After implementation, 6185 rheumatology referrals showed an e-consultation response delay of 8.95 days, and to first face-to-face visit (after e-consultation) of 12.6 (previous delay before program implementation was 83.1 days). Resolution by e-consultation reached 20% (1195 patients did not need seeing the rheumatologist to have the problem solved), and 1369 patients (32%) were discharged after the first visit. The overall resolution rate was 44.0% (2564 discharges/5830 e-consultations). From a random sample of 100 visits, only 10% of patients needed additional complementary tests to make a diagnosis and decision by Rheumatology (20.9% decrease from previous period). CONCLUSION: A careful analysis of the situation and processes, with implementation of simple IT circuits, allows for the improvement of the efficiency and resolution of problems in Rheumatology.


Assuntos
Reumatologia , Comunicação , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Listas de Espera
10.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 45(6): 419-423, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Colorectal (CRC) screening programs represent a large volume of procedures that need a follow-up endoscopy. A knowledge-based clinical decision support system (K-CDSS) is a technology which contains clinical rules and associations of compiled data that assist with clinical decision-making tasks. We develop a K-CDSS for management of patients included in CRC screening and surveillance of colorectal polyps. METHODS: We collected information on 48 variables from hospital colonoscopy records. Using DILEMMA Solutions Platform © (https://www.dilemasolution.com) we designed a prototype K-CDSS (PoliCare CDSS), to provide tailored recommendations by combining patients data and current guidelines recommendations. The accuracy of rules was verified using four scenarios (normal colonoscopy, lesions different than polyps, non-advanced adenomas and advanced adenomas). We studied the degree of agreement between the clinical assessments made by expert doctors and nurses equipped with PoliCare CDSS. Two experts confirmed a correlation between guidelines and PoliCare recommendations. RESULTS: 56 consecutive endoscopy cases from colorectal screening program were included (62.8 years; range 53-71). Colonoscopy results were: absence of colon lesions (n=7, 12.5%), lesions in the colon that are not polyps (n=3, 5.4%) and resected colonic polyps (n=46, 82.1%; 100% R0 resection). Patients with resected polyps presented non-advanced adenoma (n=21, 45.6%) or advanced lesions (n=25, 54.4%). There were no differences in erroneous orders with PoliCare CDSS (Kappa value 1.0). CONCLUSIONS: PoliCare CDSS can easily be integrated into the workflow for improving the overall efficiency and better adherence to evidence-based guidelines.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Pólipos do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Pólipos do Colo/diagnóstico , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Front Genet ; 12: 671491, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527016

RESUMO

Recording the fillet lipid percentage in European seabass is crucial to control lipid deposition as a means toward improving production efficiency and product quality. The reference method for recording lipid content is solvent lipid extraction and is the most accurate and precise method available. However, it is costly, requires sacrificing the fish and grinding the fillet sample which limits the scope of applications, for example grading of fillets, recording live fish or selective breeding of fish with own phenotypes are all limited. We tested a rapid, cost effective and non-destructive handheld microwave dielectric spectrometer (namely the Distell fat meter) against the reference method by recording both methods on 313 European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax). The total method agreement between the dielectric spectrometer and the reference method was assessed by Lin's concordance correlation coefficient (CCC), which was low to moderate CCC = 0.36-0.63. We detected a significant underestimation in accuracy of lipid percentage 22-26% by the dielectric spectrometer and increased imprecision resulting in the coefficient of variation (CV) doubling for dielectric spectrometer CV = 40.7-46% as compared to the reference method 27-31%. Substantial genetic variation for fillet lipid percentage was found for both the reference method (h 2 = 0.59) and dielectric spectroscopy (h 2 = 0.38-0.58), demonstrating that selective breeding is a promising method for controlling fillet lipid content. Importantly, the genetic correlation (r g) between the dielectric spectrometer and the reference method was positive and close to unity (r g = 0.96), demonstrating the dielectric spectrometer captures practically all the genetic variation in the reference method. These findings form the basis of defining the scope of applications and experimental design for using dielectric spectroscopy for recording fillet lipid content in European seabass and validate its use for selective breeding.

13.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255477, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed 1) to test the applicability of the previously suggested prognostic value of CPET to elderly cardiac rehabilitation patients and 2) to explore the underlying mechanism of the greater improvement in exercise capacity (peak oxygen consumption, VO2) after CR in surgical compared to non-surgical cardiac patients. METHODS: Elderly patients (≥65 years) commencing CR after coronary artery bypass grafting, surgical valve replacement (surgery-group), percutaneous coronary intervention, percutaneous valve replacement or without revascularisation (non-surgery group) were included in the prospective multi-center EU-CaRE study. CPETs were performed at start of CR, end of CR and 1-year-follow-up. Logistic models and receiver operating characteristics were used to determine prognostic values of CPET parameters for major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Linear models were performed for change in peak VO2 (start to follow-up) and parameters accounting for the difference between surgery and non-surgery patients were sought. RESULTS: 1421 out of 1633 EU-CaRE patients performed a valid CPET at start of CR (age 73±5.4, 81% male). No CPET parameter further improved the receiver operation characteristics significantly beyond the model with only clinical parameters. The higher improvement in peak VO2 (25% vs. 7%) in the surgical group disappeared when adjusted for changes in peak tidal volume and haemoglobin. CONCLUSION: CPET did not improve the prediction of MACE in elderly CR patients. The higher improvement of exercise capacity in surgery patients was mainly driven by restoration of haemoglobin levels and improvement in respiratory function after sternotomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Netherlands Trial Register, Trial NL5166.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Consumo de Oxigênio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC
14.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0255472, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351942

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies on effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in elderly cardiovascular disease patients are rare, and it is unknown, which patients benefit most. We aimed to identify predictors for 1-year outcomes of cardiorespiratory fitness and CV risk factor (CVRF) control in patients after completing CR programs offered across seven European countries. METHODS: Cardiovascular disease patients with minimal age 65 years who participated in comprehensive CR were included in this observational study. Peak oxygen uptake (VO2), body mass index (BMI), resting systolic blood pressure (BPsys), and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) were assessed before CR (T0), at termination of CR (T1), and 12 months after start of CR (T2). Predictors for changes were identified by multivariate regression models. RESULTS: Data was available from 1241 out of 1633 EU-CaRE patients. The strongest predictor for improvement in peak VO2 was open chest surgery, with a nearly four-fold increase in surgery compared to non-surgery patients. In patients after surgery, age, female sex, physical inactivity and time from index event to T0 were negative predictors for improvement in peak VO2. In patients without surgery, previous acute coronary syndrome and higher exercise capacity at T0 were the only negative predictors. Neither number of attended training sessions nor duration of CR were significantly associated with change in peak VO2. Non-surgery patients were more likely to achieve risk factor targets (BPsys, LDL-C, BMI) than surgery patients. CONCLUSIONS: In a previously understudied population of elderly CR patients, time between index event and start of CR in surgery and disease severity in non-surgery patients were the most important predictors for long-term improvement of peak VO2. Non-surgery patients had better CVRF control.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Idoso , Reabilitação Cardíaca , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Terapia por Exercício , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 28(5): 513-519, 2021 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33989388

RESUMO

AIMS: Socioeconomic status is a strong predictor of cardiovascular health. The aim of this study was to describe the immediate and long-term effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) across socioeconomic strata in elderly cardiac patients in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: The observational EU-CaRE study is a prospective study with eight CR sites in seven European countries. Patients ≥65 years with coronary heart disease or heart valve surgery participating in CR were consecutively included. Data were obtained at baseline, end of CR and at one-year follow up. Educational level as a marker for socioeconomic status was divided into basic, intermediate and high. The primary endpoint was exercise capacity (peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak)). Secondary endpoints were cardiovascular risk factors, medical treatment and scores for depression, anxiety and quality of life (QoL). A total of 1626 patients were included; 28% had basic, 48% intermediate and 24% high education. A total of 1515 and 1448 patients were available for follow-up analyses at end of CR and one-year, respectively. Patients with basic education were older and more often female. At baseline we found a socioeconomic gradient in VO2peak, lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors, anxiety, depression and QoL. The socioeconomic gap in VO2peak increased following CR (p for interaction <0.001). The socioeconomic gap in secondary outcomes was unaffected by CR. The use of evidence-based medication was good in all socioeconomic groups. CONCLUSIONS: We found a strong socioeconomic gradient in VO2peak and cardiovascular risk factors that was unaffected or worsened after CR. To address inequity in cardiovascular health, the individual adaption of CR according to socioeconomic needs should be considered.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Consumo de Oxigênio , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 165, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines and monoclonal antibodies against human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) are frequently used to treat breast cancer but they are associated with risk of developing cardiotoxicity. Implementation of cardioprotective strategies as part of breast cancer treatment are needed. To date, a limited number of studies have examined the effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation programs or exercise programs in the prevention of cardiotoxicity through an integral assessment of cardiac function. The ONCORE study proposes an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program as a non-pharmacological tool for the management of chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity. METHODS: The study protocol describes a prospective, randomized controlled trial aimed to determine whether an intervention through an exercise-based CR program can effectively prevent cardiotoxicity induced by anthracyclines and/or anti-HER2 antibodies in women with breast cancer. Three hundred and forty women with breast cancer at early stages scheduled to receive cardiotoxic chemotherapy will be randomly assigned (1:1) to participation in an exercise-based CR program (intervention group) or to usual care and physical activity recommendation (control group). Primary outcomes include changes in left ventricular ejection fraction and global longitudinal strain as markers of cardiac dysfunction assessed by transthoracic echocardiography. Secondary outcomes comprise levels of cardiovascular biomarkers and cardiopulmonary function through peak oxygen uptake determination, physical performance and psychosocial status. Supervised exercise program-related outcomes including safety, adherence/compliance, expectations and physical exercise in- and out-of-hospital are studied as exploratory outcomes. Transthoracic echocardiography, clinical test and questionnaires will be performed at the beginning and two weeks after completion of chemotherapy. DISCUSSION: The growing incidence of breast cancer and the risk of cardiotoxicity derived from cancer treatments demand adjuvant cardioprotective strategies. The proposed study may determine if an exercise-based CR program is effective in minimizing chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity in this population of women with early-stage breast cancer. The proposed research question is concrete, with relevant clinical implications, transferable to clinical practice and achievable with low risk. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03964142. Registered on 28 May 2019. Retrospectively registered. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03964142.


Assuntos
Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Reabilitação Cardíaca , Terapia por Exercício , Cardiopatias/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor ErbB-2/imunologia , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 28(5): 558-568, 2021 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558875

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is strongly recommended but participation of elderly patients has not been well characterized. This study aims to analyse current rates and determinants of CR referral, participation, adherence, and compliance in a contemporary European cohort of elderly patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The EU-CaRE observational study included data from consecutive patients aged ≥ 65 with acute coronary syndrome, revascularization, stable coronary artery disease, or heart valve replacement, recruited in eight European centres. Rates and factors determining offering, participation, and adherence to CR programmes and compliance with training sessions were studied across centres, under consideration of extensive-outpatient vs. intensive-inpatient programmes. Three thousand, four hundred, and seventy-one patients were included in the offering and participation analysis. Cardiac rehabilitation was offered to 80.8% of eligible patients, formal contraindications being the main reason for not offering CR. Mean participation was 68.0%, with perceived lack of usefulness and transport issues being principal barriers. Mean adherence to CR programmes of participants in the EU-CaRE study (n = 1663) was 90.3%, with hospitalization/physical impairment as principal causes of dropout. Mean compliance with training sessions was 86.1%. Older age was related to lower offering and participation, and comorbidity was associated with lower offering, participation, adherence, and compliance. Intensive-inpatient programmes displayed higher adherence (97.1% vs. 85.9%, P < 0.001) and compliance (full compliance: 66.0% vs. 38.8%, P < 0.001) than extensive-outpatient programmes. CONCLUSION: In this European cohort of elderly patients, older age and comorbidity tackled patients' referral and uptake of CR programmes. Intensive-inpatient CR programmes showed higher completion than extensive-outpatient CR programmes, suggesting this formula could suit some elderly patients.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Cooperação do Paciente
18.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 28(5): 541-557, 2021 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624042

RESUMO

This Delphi consensus by 28 experts from the European Association of Preventive Cardiology (EAPC) provides initial recommendations on how cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) facilities should modulate their activities in view of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. A total number of 150 statements were selected and graded by Likert scale [from -5 (strongly disagree) to +5 (strongly agree)], starting from six open-ended questions on (i) referral criteria, (ii) optimal timing and setting, (iii) core components, (iv) structure-based metrics, (v) process-based metrics, and (vi) quality indicators. Consensus was reached on 58 (39%) statements, 48 'for' and 10 'against' respectively, mainly in the field of referral, core components, and structure of CR activities, in a comprehensive way suitable for managing cardiac COVID-19 patients. Panelists oriented consensus towards maintaining usual activities on traditional patient groups referred to CR, without significant downgrading of intervention in case of COVID-19 as a comorbidity. Moreover, it has been suggested to consider COVID-19 patients as a referral group to CR per se when the viral disease is complicated by acute cardiovascular (CV) events; in these patients, the potential development of COVID-related CV sequelae, as well as of pulmonary arterial hypertension, needs to be focused. This framework might be used to orient organization and operational of CR programmes during the COVID-19 crisis.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Comorbidade , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
19.
JAMA Cardiol ; 6(4): 463-468, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112363

RESUMO

Importance: Although nonparticipation in cardiac rehabilitation is known to increase cardiovascular mortality and hospital readmissions, more than half of patients with coronary artery disease in Europe are not participating in cardiac rehabilitation. Objective: To assess whether a 6-month guided mobile cardiac rehabilitation (MCR) program is an effective therapy for elderly patients who decline participation in cardiac rehabilitation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Patients were enrolled in this parallel multicenter randomized clinical trial from November 11, 2015, to January 3, 2018, and follow-up was completed on January 17, 2019, in a secondary care system with 6 cardiac institutions across 5 European countries. Researchers assessing primary outcome were masked for group assignment. A total of 4236 patients were identified with a recent diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, coronary revascularization, or surgical or percutaneous treatment for valvular disease, or documented coronary artery disease, of whom 996 declined to start cardiac rehabilitation. Subsequently, 179 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria consented to participate in the European Study on Effectiveness and Sustainability of Current Cardiac Rehabilitation Programmes in the Elderly trial. Data were analyzed from January 21 to October 11, 2019. Interventions: Six months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation with telemonitoring and coaching based on motivational interviewing was used to stimulate patients to reach exercise goals. Control patients did not receive any form of cardiac rehabilitation throughout the study period. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome parameter was peak oxygen uptake (Vo2peak) after 6 months. Results: Among 179 patients randomized (145 male [81%]; median age, 72 [range, 65-87] years), 159 (89%) were eligible for primary end point analysis. Follow-up at 1 year was completed for 151 patients (84%). Peak oxygen uptake improved in the MCR group (n = 89) at 6 and 12 months (1.6 [95% CI, 0.9-2.4] mL/kg-1/min-1 and 1.2 [95% CI, 0.4-2.0] mL/kg-1/min-1, respectively), whereas there was no improvement in the control group (n = 90) (+0.2 [95% CI, -0.4 to 0.8] mL/kg-1/min-1 and +0.1 [95% CI, -0.5 to 0.7] mL/kg-1/min-1, respectively). Changes in Vo2peak were greater in the MCR vs control groups at 6 months (+1.2 [95% CI, 0.2 to 2.1] mL/kg-1/min-1) and 12 months (+0.9 [95% CI, 0.05 to 1.8] mL/kg-1/min-1). The incidence of adverse events was low and did not differ between the MCR and control groups. Conclusions and Relevance: These results suggest that a 6-month home-based MCR program for patients 65 years or older with coronary artery disease or a valvular intervention was safe and beneficial in improving Vo2peak when compared with no cardiac rehabilitation. Trial Registration: trialregister.nl Identifier: NL5168.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar , Aplicativos Móveis , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Entrevista Motivacional/métodos , Aptidão Física , Smartphone
20.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242503, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Guidelines for exercise intensity prescription in Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) are inconsistent and have recently been discussed controversially. We aimed (1) to compare training intensities between European CR centres and (2) to assess associations between training intensity and improvement in peak oxygen consumption ([Formula: see text]O2) in elderly CR patients. METHODS: Peak [Formula: see text]O2, heart rate and work rate (WR) at the first and second ventilatory thresholds were measured at start of CR. Training heart rate was measured during three sessions spread over the CR. Multivariate models were used to compare training characteristics between centres and to assess the effect of training intensity on change in peak [Formula: see text]O2. RESULTS: Training intensity was measured in 1011 out of 1633 EU-CaRE patients in 7 of 8 centers and the first and secondary ventilatory threshold were identified in 1166 and 817 patients, respectively. The first and second ventilatory threshold were found at 44% (SD 16%) and 78% (SD 9%) of peak WR and 78% (SD 9%) and 89% (SD 5%) of peak heart rate, respectively. Training intensity and session duration varied significantly between centres but change in peak [Formula: see text]O2 over CR did not. Training above the first individual threshold (ß 0.62, 95% confidence interval [0.25-1.02]) and increase in training volume per hour (ß 0.06, 95%CI [0.01-0.12]) were associated with a higher change in peak [Formula: see text]O2. CONCLUSION: While training intensity and volume varied greatly amongst current European CR programs, changes in peak [Formula: see text]O2 were similar and the effect of training characteristics on these changes were small.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente) , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Troca Gasosa Pulmonar/fisiologia
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