Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 115
Filtrar
1.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689081

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Following radical orchiectomy, surveillance and primary retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) are acceptable options for the management of early stage pure testicular teratoma in adult patients; however, there is no uniform consensus. The aim of this study was to investigate survival outcomes of adults with early stage pure testicular teratoma based on management strategy. METHODS: Data was extracted from the National Cancer Database (NCDB) from testicular cancer patients diagnosed with clinical stage (CS) I pure teratoma (pT1-4N0M0S0) between 2004 and 2014. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to assess clinical outcomes based on management strategy. RESULTS: Of the 61,167 patients diagnosed with testicular cancer, 692 (1.1%) had pure teratoma. Only individuals with CS I disease were considered (n = 237). The median age was 28 (23-35) years. Overall, 43 (18%) patients underwent RPLND and 194 (82%) patients were managed with surveillance. There was an increase in surveillance for CS I teratoma during the study period. Increasing distance from residence to treatment facility was an unadjusted predictor for undergoing primary RPLND (p < 0.001). Median follow-up was 54 months and there was no significant difference in overall survival between CS I teratoma patients managed with RPLND and those managed with surveillance (p = 0.13). CONCLUSIONS: There has been a trend toward increasing adoption of surveillance for the management of early stage pure testicular teratoma in adults. Our findings suggest that surveillance provides comparable survival outcomes to primary retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in this setting.

2.
Curr Opin Urol ; 31(2): 160-169, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394766

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A number of promising therapies for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) unresponsive nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) are in the pipeline. In this review, we discuss the history of immunotherapy for the treatment of NMIBC and future developments, focusing on novel intravesical treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: The term BCG unresponsive NMIBC encompasses patients with both BCG refractory and BCG relapsing disease. This definition was adopted to standardize inclusion criteria for patients enrolling in clinical trials in this setting. A host of intravesical immuno-oncologic therapies that include gene therapies, oncolytic viruses, cell surface molecule delivered immunotoxins, and cytokine driven agonism of cellular immunity, are in various phases of the drug development pipeline. In addition, pembrolizumab, an immune-checkpoint inhibitor, has recently been approved as a treatment option for BCG unresponsive NMIBC. SUMMARY: Patients with BCG unresponsive disease face many difficulties. Although radical cystectomy is the most effective treatment option for these patients, it is associated with significant morbidity, difficult recovery challenges, and refusal by many patients. Cancer immunotherapies may provide bladder sparing options for some patients who develop BCG unresponsive disease.

4.
J Urol ; 205(1): 100-108, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783489

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with a survival advantage in pure urothelial, muscle invasive bladder cancer, the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy is less clear in variant histology or urothelial carcinoma with divergent differentiation. We compared chemotherapy response and survival outcomes of patients with nonpure urothelial carcinoma histology who were managed with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by cystectomy vs cystectomy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 768 patients with clinical muscle invasive bladder cancer (cT2-4N0M0) who were treated with cystectomy at a tertiary care center from 2007 to 2017. Patients were stratified by histology and treatment strategy. Adjusted logistic and Cox regression models were used to evaluate pathological downstaging, cancer specific survival and overall survival. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 410 patients (53%) with pure urothelial carcinoma, 185 (24%) with urothelial carcinoma with divergent differentiation and 173 (23%) with variant histology. Overall, 314 patients (41%) received neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to cystectomy. There were similar rates of complete (18% to 30%) and partial (37% to 46%) pathological downstaging with neoadjuvant chemotherapy across all histological subgroups (p=0.30 and p=0.40, respectively). However, while patients with pure urothelial carcinoma experienced an overall survival benefit (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.51-0.98, p=0.0013) and those with variant histology experienced a cancer specific survival benefit (HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.30-0.99, p=0.0495) with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients with urothelial carcinoma with divergent differentiation did not experience overall or cancer specific survival benefits with the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to cystectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer those with nonpure urothelial carcinoma histology with variant histology achieved nearly equivalent response rates and survival benefits with the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy as those with pure urothelial carcinoma, while patients with urothelial carcinoma with divergent differentiation experienced significantly worse survival outcomes regardless of the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to cystectomy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/terapia , Cistectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante/estatística & dados numéricos , Seleção de Pacientes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
5.
Int J Urol ; 27(10): 882-889, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767444

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of focal bipolar radiofrequency ablation in men with localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A review of 10 patients treated with a novel bipolar radiofrequency ablation probe integrated in a coil design (Encage; Trod Medical, Bradenton, FL, USA) between 2011 and 2017 in two prospective pilot trials. All men had clinical stage T1c prostate cancer, prostate-specific antigen <10 ng/mL and Gleason score ≤7. Ablation was carried out under general anesthesia, and bipolar probes were inserted transperineally under transrectal ultrasound guidance. Treatment-related adverse events, quality of life and negative biopsy rate were evaluated at 6 months after ablation. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare baseline and post-treatment symptom scores. RESULTS: The median age was 58 years (range 50-64 years) and the median prostate volume was 49.65 cc (range 21-68 cc). Prostate cancer with a Gleason score of 6 (3 + 3) and 7 (3 + 4) was noted in seven and three patients, respectively. The median number of radiofrequency ablation cycles was 2.5 (range 2-5). All patients were catheter-free and able to void the day of surgery. Within 6 months after ablation, all adverse events were low grade, with the exception of one grade 3 hematuria that required cystoscopy without coagulation. Six months after ablation bowel, urinary and hormonal functions, and overall satisfaction remained stable. Erectile dysfunction occurred in two out of four patients who had normal sexual function before the procedure. Neither urinary incontinence nor urinary infection was noted. CONCLUSIONS: This first report on focal bipolar radiofrequency ablation documents a safe and feasible treatment option for selected patients with localized prostate cancer.

6.
Eur Urol ; 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861573

RESUMO

Our understanding of the mechanism of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) in controlling urothelial carcinoma is still evolving. Studies have revealed a complex and multifaceted immune response. BCG-elicited adaptive antitumor immunity directed towards tumor antigens could have major implications for trial design.

7.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 686, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND, CONTEXT AND PURPOSE: In spite of the mixed evidence for their impact, survivorship Care Plans (SCPs) are recommended to enhance quality of care for cancer survivors. Data on the feasibility of SCPs in bladder cancer (BC) is sparse. Using a mixed-methods approach, this study describes the iterative development, acceptability and feasibility of BC specific SCP (BC-SCP) in clinical settings. METHODS: In Phase I, we developed the BC-SCP. In Phase II, we conducted four focus groups with 19 patients and 15 providers to examine its acceptability and usability challenges. Data analyses using the Atlas.ti program, informed refinement of the BC-SCP. In Phase III, we conducted feasibility testing of the refined BC-SCP with 18 providers from 12 health-centers. An encounter survey was completed after each assessment to examine the feasibility of the BC-SCP. Chi-square and Fisher Exact tests were used for comparative analyses. RESULTS: During phase I, we observed high patient and provider acceptability of the BC-SCP and substantial engagement in improving its content, design, and structure. In Phase II, providers completed 59 BC-SCPs. Mean time for BC-SCP completion was 12.3 min. Providers reported that BC-SCP content was clear, did not hamper clinic flow and was readily completed with easy-to-access information. Comparative analyses to examine differences in SCP completion time by patient clinico-demographic characteristics and provider type revealed no significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: Our BC-SCP has clinical relevance, and can be used in an active practice setting. However, considerable progress will be necessary to achieve implementation of and sharing the BC-SCP with patients and care providers, particularly within the electronic medical record. In summary, BC-SCPs are essential to improve the follow up care of BC survivors. Clinical resources are required to ensure appropriate implementation of BC-SCPs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Study HUM00056082.

8.
Urology ; 142: 99-105, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To better understand the financial implications of readmission after radical cystectomy, an expensive surgery coupled with a high readmission rate. Currently, whether hospitals benefit financially from readmissions after radical cystectomy remains unclear, and potentially obscures incentives to invest in readmission reduction efforts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a 20% sample of national Medicare beneficiaries, we identified 3544 patients undergoing radical cystectomy from January 2010 to November 2014. We compared price-standardized Medicare payments for index admissions and readmissions after surgery. We also examined the variable financial impact of length of stay and the proportion of Medicare payments coming from readmissions based on overall readmission rate. RESULTS: Medicare patients readmitted after cystectomy had higher index hospitalization payments ($19,164 readmitted vs $18,146 non-readmitted, P = .03) and an average readmission payment of $7356. Adjusted average Medicare readmission payments and length of stay varied significantly across hospitals, ranging from $2854 to $15,605, and 2.0 to 17.1 days, respectively (both P <.01), with longer length of stay associated with increased payments. After hospitals were divided into quartiles based on overall readmission rates, the percent of payments coming from readmissions ranged from 5% to 13%. CONCLUSION: Readmissions following radical cystectomy were associated with increased Medicare payments for the index hospitalization, and the readmission payment, potentially limiting incentives for readmission reduction programs. Our findings highlight opportunities to reframe efforts to support patients, caregivers, and providers through improving the discharge and readmission processes to create a patient-centered experience, rather than for fear of financial penalties.

9.
CA Cancer J Clin ; 70(3): 182-199, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311776

RESUMO

Patient-generated health data (PGHD), or health-related data gathered from patients to help address a health concern, are used increasingly in oncology to make regulatory decisions and evaluate quality of care. PGHD include self-reported health and treatment histories, patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and biometric sensor data. Advances in wireless technology, smartphones, and the Internet of Things have facilitated new ways to collect PGHD during clinic visits and in daily life. The goal of the current review was to provide an overview of the current clinical, regulatory, technological, and analytic landscape as it relates to PGHD in oncology research and care. The review begins with a rationale for PGHD as described by the US Food and Drug Administration, the Institute of Medicine, and other regulatory and scientific organizations. The evidence base for clinic-based and remote symptom monitoring using PGHD is described, with an emphasis on PROs. An overview is presented of current approaches to digital phenotyping or device-based, real-time assessment of biometric, behavioral, self-report, and performance data. Analytic opportunities regarding PGHD are envisioned in the context of big data and artificial intelligence in medicine. Finally, challenges and solutions for the integration of PGHD into clinical care are presented. The challenges include electronic medical record integration of PROs and biometric data, analysis of large and complex biometric data sets, and potential clinic workflow redesign. In addition, there is currently more limited evidence for the use of biometric data relative to PROs. Despite these challenges, the potential benefits of PGHD make them increasingly likely to be integrated into oncology research and clinical care.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Oncologia/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Humanos , Morbidade , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
10.
Eur Urol ; 78(3): 387-399, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143924

RESUMO

CONTEXT: There is a critical need for effective bladder-sparing therapies for bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-unresponsive non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Owing to the current lack of effective agents that can be used as a control, the US Food and Drug Administration began to accept single-arm trials for patients with carcinoma in situ (CIS), using complete response rate (CRR) and duration of response as the primary endpoints to support marketing applications. Despite the ensuing growth of clinical trials in this space, no consensus exists on a clinically relevant benchmark for CRR. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the CRR and recurrence-free rate (RFR) using bladder-sparing agents after BCG failure in order to provide a frame of reference for future clinical trial results. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic review of clinical trials utilizing bladder-sparing therapeutics for NMIBC recurring after intravesical BCG (PROSPERO CRD42019130553). The search was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library. Relevant studies identified from bibliography search and conference abstracts were searched to complement the systematic review. A total of 42 studies utilizing 24 treatment options and consisting of 2254 patients were included for final analysis. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Median CRRs in the treatment of CIS-containing tumors were 26% at 6 mo, 17% at 12 mo, and 8% at 24 mo after treatment. In comparison, median RFRs in the papillary-only studies were 67% at 6 mo, 44% at 12 mo, and 10% at 24 mo. Specifically in the BCG-unresponsive population, 6- and 12-mo CRRs in CIS-containing patients treated with Mycobacterium phlei cell wall-nucleic acid complex were 45% and 27%, respectively, and the median 6-, 12-, and 24-mo disease-free rates in the other studies were 43%, 35%, and 18%, respectively. The median progression-free rate was 91%: 95% in the CIS-containing studies and 89% in studies restricted to papillary-only recurrences. Toxicities of intravesical agents were generally mild, with very few dose limiting toxicities. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that, to date, bladder-sparing therapies achieved modest efficacy in patients with NMIBC after BCG. Results from the current study will serve as a frame of reference for emerging trial results in the BCG-unresponsive space. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this study, we found that bladder-sparing therapies achieved modest efficacy in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer after bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). These results will serve to inform future clinical trial results for salvage agents used to treat BCG-unresponsive bladder cancer.

11.
Can J Urol ; 27(1): 10118-10124, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065869

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To describe the incidence, contemporary management, risk factors and outcomes of urinary leak following open and robotic partial nephrectomy at a tertiary care, comprehensive cancer center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 975 patients who underwent partial nephrectomy at Moffitt Cancer Center from January 2009 to May 2017. Patient demographic, perioperative and follow up data was recorded and compared stratified for postoperative urine leak. Fisher's exact and Wilcoxon sum-rank testing were performed for categorical and continuous variables as indicated. RESULTS: Twenty-three of 975 (2.3%) patients experienced a urine leak after partial nephrectomy. Median nephrometry score for urine leak patients was 8 (SD +/- 1.3). Median postoperative days to detection was 3.5 and most leaks were discovered due to high drain output. Operative factors associated with urinary leak included open surgery, estimated blood loss, and not using a sliding-clip renorrhaphy (p < 0.05). Ten (44%) were managed conservatively, 9 (39%) patients required ureteral stent placement, 3 (13%) needed a percutaneous nephrostomy tube, one patient (4%) required percutaneous drainage for urinoma (4%). One patient ultimately failed conservative management and required nephrectomy 45 days after the original surgery. Mean time to stent and drain removal was 40 +/- 17 and 24 +/- 7 days, respectively. Five patients with symptomatic leaks were readmitted with a mean length of stay of 3.2 +/- 1.8 days. CONCLUSIONS: The overall incidence of urinary leak after partial nephrectomy remains low regardless of surgical approach. Perioperative characteristics such as tumor complexity and high blood loss, in addition to open surgery and not using a sliding-clip bolstered renorrhaphy are associated with urine leak.

12.
Transl Androl Urol ; 9(Suppl 1): S1-S2, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32055479
13.
Transl Androl Urol ; 9(Suppl 1): S45-S55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32055485

RESUMO

Early stage nonseminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT) remains a treatable disease, with stage I cancer specific survival exceeding 95%. Using a risk-adapted approach; active surveillance (AS), adjuvant chemotherapy, and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) all options for treatment; with surveillance being increasingly used. With persistently elevated markers (stage IS), chemotherapy remains the hallmark of treatment. Management of stage II NSGCT varies based on status of tumor markers. With negative markers, both induction chemotherapy and upfront RPLND remain options. Management of a residual mass <1 cm after chemotherapy remains controversial, with AS and nerve-sparing RPLND considered options. The development of miR-371a-3p microRNA shows promise a novel biomarker for testicular cancer (GCT). Despite controversies in management, cures for NSGCT are achievable in 95-99% of patients.

14.
Transl Androl Urol ; 9(Suppl 1): S91-S103, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32055490

RESUMO

Testicular cancer is the most common solid malignancy in male adolescents and young adults, with germ cell derived seminomas and non-seminomas being by far the most common histologies. Teratoma with somatic-type malignancy is a rare chemo-resistant phenotype of testis cancer associated with poor prognosis in patients with advanced stage disease. Malignant gonadal-stromal tumors comprise 5% of testicular neoplasms and approximately 10% are malignant and considered chemo-radiation resistant. Prognostic factors and treatment strategies for these uncommon histologies are lacking.

15.
Urol Oncol ; 38(1): 7.e9-7.e18, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Primary tumor size (PTS) is the main prognostic factor for relapse in clinical stage (CS) IA testicular seminoma (T1N0M0S0) and the 8th edition of the Tumor-Node-Metastasis staging system now subcategorizes pT1 tumors into pT1a and pT1b based on PTS (<3 cm and ≥3 cm, respectively). We attempted to assess PTS as a prognosticator for overall survival (OS) in CS IA seminoma and to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of active surveillance (AS) versus adjuvant therapy (AT) in patients with large primary tumors (LPT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the National Cancer Database (2004-2014), 2455 (47.7%) and 2685 (52.3%) patients with CS IA seminoma were treated with AS and AT, respectively. AT was defined as the receipt of chemotherapy or radiation within 3 months after orchiectomy. A cut-point analysis was performed to determine the optimal PTS threshold predicting OS at 5 years after orchiectomy. Inverse-probability of treatment weighting (IPTW)-adjusted Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analyses were used to compare OS of patients with LPT (using the optimal PTS cut-point) treated with AS versus AT. RESULTS: In adjusted analysis, pathologic T-stage (pT1a vs. pT1b) did not predict OS and no OS benefit was noted in pT1b patients treated with AT. The optimal PTS cut-point was 4.5 cm. In multivariable analysis, patients with LPT (≥4.5 cm) had an increased risk of overall mortality (HR = 1.87, P = 0.003). Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that OS was superior in patients with LPT treated with AT (IPTW-adjusted log-rank P = 0.029). In IPTW-adjusted Cox regression analysis, AT was associated with an OS benefit in patients with LPT (HR = 0.59, 95%CI: 0.39-0.91, P = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS: In this National Cancer Database analysis, PTS was a predictor of OS in CS IA seminoma. An OS benefit was noted for individuals with LPT (defined as PTS ≥4.5 cm) managed with AT. These findings may warrant refinement of Tumor-Node-Metastasis staging system.

16.
J Urol ; 203(1): 159-163, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients who undergo cystectomy due to bladder cancer can elect an ileal conduit or a neobladder for urinary diversion. Decision regret related to this choice is an important and undesirable patient reported outcome. Our objective was to compare the severity of decision regret experienced by patients with a neobladder vs an ileal conduit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a longitudinal cohort study of patients who underwent cystectomy from 2013 to 2015. We applied multivariable linear regression to examine associations of the urinary diversion method (neobladder vs ileal conduit) with decision regret measured with the DRS (Decision Regret Scale) 6 and 18 months after cystectomy. Covariates included demographic and clinical characteristics, health care utilization and complications after cystectomy, quality of life and factors related to the decision making process, including informed and shared decision making, and goal concordance. RESULTS: Of the 192 patients in our cohort 141 received an ileal conduit and 51 received a neobladder. We observed no significant difference in the DRS score in patients with a neobladder vs an ileal conduit at 6 or 18 months (b=-1.28, 95% CI -9.07-6.53, vs b=-1.55, 95% CI -12.48-9.38). However, informed decision making was negatively related to decision regret at 6 and 18 months (b=-13.08, 95% CI -17.05--9.11, and b=-8.54, 95% CI -4.26--2.63, respectively). Quality of life was negatively associated with decision regret at 18 months (b=-5.50, 95% CI -8.95--2.03). CONCLUSIONS: Patients treated with cystectomy who were more informed about bladder reconstruction options experienced less regret independent of the method selected. Efforts to inform and prepare patients for the bladder reconstruction decision may help prevent decision regret.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Tomada de Decisões , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
17.
Eur Urol Focus ; 5(5): 704-705, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564641

RESUMO

While there is still debate and uncertainty regarding the best management strategy for clinical stage IB nonseminoma germ cell tumor, adjuvant treatment with chemotherapy or surgery is associated with a markedly lower risk of recurrence for men with high-risk features and provides more definitive disease control and lower overall exposure to chemotherapy for patients who do experience recurrence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/terapia , Neoplasias Testiculares/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/patologia , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias Testiculares/patologia
18.
BJU Int ; 124(6): 955-961, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine predictors of early readmissions after radical cystectomy (RC). Factors associated with preventable readmissions may be most evident in readmissions that occur within 3 days of discharge, commonly termed 'bounce-back' readmissions, and identifying such factors may inform efforts to reduce surgical readmissions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We utilised the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's State Inpatient Databases to examine 1867 patients undergoing RC in 2009 and 2010, and identified all patients readmitted within 30 days of discharge. We assessed differences between patients experiencing bounce-back readmission compared to those readmitted 8-30 days after discharge using logistic regression models and also calculated abbreviated LACE scores to assess the utility of common readmissions risk stratification algorithms. RESULTS: The 30-day and bounce-back readmission rates were 28.4% and 5.6%, respectively. Although no patient or index hospitalisation characteristics were significantly associated with bounce-back readmissions in adjusted analyses, bounce-back patients did have higher rates of gastrointestinal (14.3% vs 6.7%, P = 0.02) and wound (9.5% vs 3.0%, P < 0.01) diagnoses, as well as increased index and readmission length of stay (5 vs 4 days, P = 0.01). Overall, the median abbreviated LACE score was 7, which fell into the moderate readmission risk category, and no difference was observed between readmitted and non-readmitted patients. CONCLUSION: One in five readmissions after RC occurs within 3 days of initial discharge, probably due to factors present at discharge. However, sociodemographic and clinical factors, as well as traditional readmission risk tools were not predictive of this bounce-back. Effective strategies to reduce bounce-back readmission must identify actionable clinical factors prior to discharge.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Cistectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
19.
J Urol ; 202(5): 913-919, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219762

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To our knowledge the reliability of administrative claims codes to report postoperative radical cystectomy complications has not been examined. We compared complications identified by claims data to those abstracted from clinical chart review following radical cystectomy. METHODS: We manually reviewed the charts of 268 patients treated with radical cystectomy between 2014 and 2016 for 30-day complications and queried administrative complication coding using 805 ICD-9/10 codes. Complications were categorized. Using Cohen κ statistics we assessed agreement between the 2 methods of complication reporting for 1 or more postoperative complications overall, categorical complications and complications stratified by the top quartile length of hospital stay and patients who were readmitted. RESULTS: At least 1 or more complications were recorded in 122 patients (45.5%) through manual chart review and 80 (29.9%) were recorded via claim coding data with a concordance rate of κ=0.16, indicating weak agreement. Concordance was generally weak for categorical complication rates (range 0.05 to 0.36). However, when examining only the top length of stay quartile, 1 or more complications were reported in 32 patients (65%) by the manual chart review and in 12 (25%) via coding data with a concordance rate of κ=-0.2. Agreement was weak, similar to the total cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Manual chart review and claim code identification of complications are not highly concordant even when stratified by patients with an extended length of stay, who are known to have more frequent complications. Researchers and administrators should be aware of these differences and exercise caution when interpreting complication reports.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...