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1.
Am J Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493828

RESUMO

Everolimus-eluting stents are largely used for left main (LM) percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Long-term follow-up of patients who underwent LM PCI in a real world clinical setting, in particular women, have been scarcely reported. Consecutive patients who underwent unprotected LM PCI with EES at a single Institution from December 2006 to April 2016 were included. Main outcome assessed was the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) as a composite of death, myocardial infarction or target lesion revascularization at follow-up. Overall, 589 patients (20.8% women) were included in the present analysis. Women were older, had lower body mass index and more frequently hypertensive compared with men. Main clinical presentation was stable coronary artery disease (CAD); unstable angina was more frequently observed in women compared with men, whereas ST-elevation myocardial infarction was less frequent. After 69.7 ± 28.3 months of follow-up, 47 patients overall experienced MACE (1.43 per 100*patients/year). MACE rate was higher in women compared with male patients, with a rate of 2.49 and 1.17 per 100*patients/year, respectively (p = 0.015). The difference was driven mainly by higher mortality in women (0.89 vs 0.15 per 100*patients/years, p = 0.002). At multivariable Cox regression, female gender was independently associated with an increased risk of MACE at follow-up (hazard ratio 2.21, 95% confidence interval 1.20 to 4.08, p = 0.011). In conclusion, EES can be safely and effectively adopted for LM PCI.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511896

RESUMO

AIMS: Aim of the present study was to establish the safety and efficacy profile of prasugrel and ticagrelor in real-life acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with renal dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: All consecutive patients from RENAMI and BLEEMACS registries were stratified according to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) lower or greater than 60mL/min/1.73m2. Death and myocardial infarction (MI) were the primary efficacy endpoints. Major bleedings (MB), defined as Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeding types 3 to 5, constituted the safety endpoint.19255 patients were enrolled. Mean age was 63 ± 12; 14892 (77.3%) were males. 2490 (12.9%) patients had chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as eGFR<60mL/min/1.73m2. Mean follow-up was 13±5 months. Mortality was significantly higher in CKD patients (9.4% vs 2.6%, p < 0.0001), as well as the incidence of reinfarction (5.8% vs 2.9%, p < 0.0001) and MB (5.7% vs 3%, p < 0.0001). At Cox multivariable analysis, potent P2Y12 inhibitors significantly reduced the mortality rate (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.54-0.96, p = 0.006) and the risk of reinfarction (HR 0.53, 95% CI 0.30-0.95, p = 0.033) in CKD patients as compared to clopidogrel. The reduction of risk of re-infarction was confirmed in patients with preserved renal function. Potent P2Y12 inhibitors did not increase the risk of MB in CKD patients (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.59-1.68, p = 0.985). CONCLUSION: In ACS patients with CKD, prasugrel and ticagrelor are associated with lower risk of death and recurrent MI without increasing the risk of MB.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

6.
Eur Heart J ; 40(26): 2142-2151, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098611

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the frequency, clinical features, and prognostic implications of cardiac arrest (CA) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of patients with CA and known heart rhythm from the International Takotsubo Registry. The main outcomes were 60-day and 5-year mortality. In addition, predictors of mortality and predictors of CA during the acute TTS phase were assessed. Of 2098 patients, 103 patients with CA and known heart rhythm during CA were included. Compared with patients without CA, CA patients were more likely to be younger, male, and have apical TTS, atrial fibrillation (AF), neurologic comorbidities, physical triggers, and longer corrected QT-interval and lower left ventricular ejection fraction on admission. In all, 57.1% of patients with CA at admission had ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia, while 73.7% of patients with CA in the acute phase had asystole/pulseless electrical activity. Patients with CA showed higher 60-day (40.3% vs. 4.0%, P < 0.001) and 5-year mortality (68.9% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.001) than patients without CA. T-wave inversion and intracranial haemorrhage were independently associated with higher 60-day mortality after CA, whereas female gender was associated with lower 60-day mortality. In the acute phase, CA occurred less frequently in females and more frequently in patients with AF, ST-segment elevation, and higher C-reactive protein on admission. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac arrest is relatively frequent in TTS and is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality. Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters independently predicted mortality after CA.

7.
Int J Cardiol ; 290: 64-69, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971372

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for complex lesions, including unprotected left main (ULM) and bifurcations, is gaining a relevant role in treating coronary artery disease with good outcomes, also thanks to new generation stents. The daily risk of adverse cardiovascular events and their temporal distribution after these procedures is not known. METHODS: All consecutive patients presenting with a critical lesion of ULM or bifurcation treated with very thin struts stents, enrolled in the RAIN-Cardiogroup VII study, were analyzed. The daily risk of major acute cardiovascular events (MACE), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and stent thrombosis (ST) and their temporal distribution in the first year of follow-up was the primary endpoint. Differences among subgroups (ULM, patient presentation, kind of stent polymer) were the secondary endpoint. RESULTS: 2745 patients were included, mean age 68 ±â€¯11 years, 33.3% diabetics, 54.5% had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS); 88.5% of treated lesions were bifurcations, 27.2% ULM. Average daily risk was 0.022% for MACE, 0.005% for TLR and 0.004% for ST, in the first year. Bimodal distribution of adverse events, especially TLR, with an early peak in the first 50 days and a late one after 150 days, was observed. Patients with ULM presented a significantly higher daily risk of events, and ACS patients presented higher MACE risk. No difference emerged according to the type of stent polymer. CONCLUSIONS: The daily risk of adverse events in the first year after complex PCI in our study is acceptably low. PCI on ULM carries a higher risk of complications.

8.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs ; 19(4): 381-391, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available concerning differences in clinical outcomes for real-life patients treated with ticagrelor versus prasugrel after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine and compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and prasugrel in a real-world population. METHODS: RENAMI was a retrospective, observational registry including the data and outcomes of consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent primary PCI and were discharged with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) between January 2012 and January 2016. The mean follow-up period was 17 ± 9 months. In total, 11 university hospitals from six European countries participated. After propensity-score matching, there were no substantial differences in the baseline clinical and interventional features. All patients were treated with acetylsalicylic acid plus prasugrel 10 mg once daily or acetylsalicylic acid plus ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily. Mean duration of DAPT was 12.04 ± 3.4 months with prasugrel and 11.90 ± 4.1 months with ticagrelor (p = 0.47). The primary and secondary endpoints were long-term net adverse clinical events (NACE) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), respectively, along with their single components. Subgroup analysis for freedom from NACE and MACE was performed according to length of DAPT and clinical presentation [ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)-ACS versus non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)-ACS]. RESULTS: In total, 4424 patients (2725 ticagrelor, 1699 prasugrel) were enrolled. After propensity-score matching, 1290 patients in each cohort were included in the analysis. At 12 months, the incidence of both NACE and MACE was lower with prasugrel (NACE: 5.3% vs. 8.5% [p = 0.001]; MACE: 5% vs. 8.1% [p =  0.001]) mainly driven by a reduction in recurrent myocardial infarction (MI) (2.4 vs. 4.0%; p = 0.029) and a lower rate of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3-5 bleeding (1.5 vs. 2.9%; p = 0.011). The benefit of prasugrel was confirmed for patients with NSTEMI and for those discharged with a DAPT regimen of ≤ 12 months. Only a trend in the reduction of NACE and MACE was noted for STEMI or for those treated with longer DAPT. CONCLUSIONS: Comparison of these drugs suggested that prasugrel is safer and more efficacious than ticagrelor in combination with aspirin after NSTEMI but not STEMI. No differences were found for events occurring after 12 months. The nonrandomized design of the present research means further studies are required to support these findings.

9.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319836327, 2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30862233

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The benefits of short versus long-term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) based on the third generation P2Y12 antagonists prasugrel or ticagrelor, in patients with acute coronary syndromes treated with percutaneous coronary intervention remain to be clearly defined due to current evidences limited to patients treated with clopidogrel. METHODS: All acute coronary syndrome patients from the REgistry of New Antiplatelets in patients with Myocardial Infarction (RENAMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and treated with aspirin, prasugrel or ticagrelor were stratified according to DAPT duration, that is, shorter than 12 months (D1 group), 12 months (D2 group) and longer than 12 months (D3 group). The three groups were compared before and after propensity score matching. Net adverse clinical events (NACEs), defined as a combination of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and major bleedings (including therefore all cause death, myocardial infarction and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3-5 bleeding), were the primary end points, MACEs (a composite of all cause death and myocardial infarction) the secondary one. Single components of NACEs were co-secondary end points, along with BARC 2-5 bleeding, cardiovascular death and stent thrombosis. RESULTS: A total of 4424 patients from the RENAMI registry with available data on DAPT duration were included in the model. After propensity score matching, 628 patients from each group were selected. After 20 months of follow up, DAPT for 12 months and DAPT for longer than 12 months significantly reduced the risk of NACE (D1 11.6% vs. D2 6.7% vs. D3 7.2%, p = 0.003) and MACE (10% vs. 6.2% vs. 2.4%, p < 0.001) compared with DAPT for less than 12 months. These differences were driven by a reduced risk of all cause death (7.8% vs. 1.3% vs. 1.6%, p < 0.001), cardiovascular death (5.1% vs. 1.0% vs. 1.2%, p < 0.0001) and recurrent myocardial infarction (8.3% vs. 5.2% vs. 3.5%, p = 0.002). NACEs were lower with longer DAPT despite a higher risk of BARC 2-5 bleedings (4.6% vs. 5.7% vs. 6.2%, p = 0.04) and a trend towards a higher risk of BARC 3-5 bleedings (2.4% vs. 3.3% vs. 3.9%, p = 0.06). These results were not consistent for female patients and those older than 75 years old, due to an increased risk of bleedings which exceeded the reduction in myocardial infarction. CONCLUSION: In unselected real world acute coronary syndrome patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention, DAPT with prasugrel or ticagrelor prolonged beyond 12 months markedly reduces fatal and non-fatal ischaemic events, offsetting the increased risk deriving from the higher bleeding risk. On the contrary, patients >75 years old and female ones showed a less favourable risk-benefit ratio for longer DAPT due to excess of bleedings.

10.
Am J Cardiol ; 123(10): 1610-1619, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846212

RESUMO

Few data are available about the impact on outcomes of procedural strategies for percutaneous coronary intervention with thin-struts stents on unprotected left main (ULM): 792 patients with an ULM stenosis treated with percutaneous coronary intervention with thin-strut stents were enrolled in the present multicenter registry. Target lesion revascularization (TLR) was the primary end point. MACE (a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, TLR, and stent thrombosis) and its single components, along with target vessel revascularization were the secondary end points. Subgroup analyses were performed according to complex versus noncomplex bifurcation lesions. After 16 months, 5.5% of patients experienced a TLR. At multivariate analysis, provisional stenting (odds ratio [OR] 0.46: 0.85 to 0.23, p = 0.006), use of imaging (OR 0.45: 0.23 to 0.98, p = 0.003) and final kissing balloon (FKB) (OR 0.41: 0.83 to 0.21, p = 0.001) reduced risk of TLR. FKB reduced risk of overall TLR only for 2 stents-strategy (6.2% vs 32.4%, p <0.05), but not for provisional strategy (3.8% vs 3.7%, p = 0.67). Intracoronary imaging reduced risk of overall TLR both for provisional (2.2% vs 5.4%) and for 2-stents strategy (7.3% vs 14.1% p <0.05 for both, all confidence interval 95%). In conclusion, TLR for ULM patients treated with thin-strut stents is infrequent. Provisional stenting was noninferior compared with 2-stents apart from complex lesions. Benefit from intracoronary imaging is consistent for different strategies, whereas that from FKB persists only for 2-stents.

11.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(3): 215-223, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-2131

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La puntuación PARIS permite una estratificación combinada de los riesgos isquémico y hemorrágico de los pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica tratados con stent coronario y tratamiento antiagregante plaquetario doble (TAPD). Se desconoce su utilidad en pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo (SCA) tratados con ticagrelor o prasugrel. Se investiga este aspecto en un registro internacional. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo multicéntrico con participación voluntaria de 11 centros de 6 países europeos. Se estudio ́a 4.310 pacientes con SCA dados de alta en TAPD con ticagrelor o prasugrel. Se definío evento isquémico como trombosis de stent o infarto de miocardio espontáneo, y evento hemorrágico según BARC (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium) tipo3 o 5. Se calculó la discriminación y la calibración para ambas vertientes de la puntuación PARIS (PARISisquémico y PARIShemorrágico). El beneficio neto isquémico-hemorrágico se obtuvo mediante la diferencia entre las probabilidades predichas de eventos isqueémicos y hemorrágicos. Resultados: Durante 17,2 ± 8,3 meses, hubo 80 eventos isquémicos (el 1,9% anual) y 66 eventos hemorrágicos (el 1,6% anual). PARISisquémico y PARIShemorrágico se asociaron con el riesgo de evetos isquémicos (sHR=1,27; IC95%, 1,16-1,39) y hemorrágicos (sHR = 1,14; IC95%, 1,01-1,30) respectivamente. La discriminación de eventos isquémicos fue discreta (índice C = 0,64) y la de eventos hemorrágicos, pobre (índice C= 0,56), con buena calibración para ambos. El beneficio neto isquémico-hemorrágico resultó negativo (más eventos hemorrágicos) en pacientes con alto riesgo hemorrágico y positivo (más eventos isquémicos) en pacientes con alto riesgo isquémico. Conclusiones: En pacientes con SCA tratados con TAPD conticagrelor o prasugrel, la escala PARIS ayuda a establecer un equilibrio apropiado del riesgo isquémico-hemorrágico


Introduction and objectives: The PARIS score allows combined stratification of ischemic and hemorrhagic risk in patients with ischemic heart disease treated with coronary stenting and dual antiplatelet therapy(DAPT). Its usefulness in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated with ticagrelor or prasugrel is unknown. We investigated this issue in an international registry. Methods: Retrospective multicenter study with voluntary participation of 11 centers in 6 European countries. We studied 4310 patients with ACS discharged with DAPT with ticagrelor or prasugrel. Ischemic events were defined as stent thrombosis or spontaneous myocardial infarction, and hemorrhagic events as BARC (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium) type 3 or 5 bleeding. Discrimination and calibration were calculated for both PARIS scores (PARISischemic and PARIShemorrhagic). The ischemic-hemorrhagic net benefit was obtained by the difference between the predicted probabilities of ischemic and bleeding events. Results: During a period of 17.2 ± 8.3 months, there were 80 ischemic events(1.9% per year) and 66 bleeding events (1.6% per year). PARISischemic and PARIShemorrhagic scores were associated with a risk of ischemic events (sHR, 1.27; 95%CI, 1.16-1.39) and bleeding events (sHR, 1.14; 95%CI, 1.01-1.30), respectively. The discrimination for ischemic events was modest (Cindex = 0.64) and was suboptimal for hemorrhagic events (Cindex = 0.56), where as calibration was acceptable for both. The ischemic-hemorrhagic net benefit was negative (more hemorrhagic events) in patients at high hemorrhagic risk, and was positive (more ischemicevents) in patients at high ischemic risk. Conclusions: In patients with ACS treated with DAPT with ticagrelor or prasugrel, the PARIS model helps to properly evaluate the ischemic-hemorrhagic risk

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30298593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness and safety of self-expandable, sirolimus-eluting Stentys stents (SES) and second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES-II) for the treatment of the unprotected left main (ULM). BACKGROUND: SES may provide a valuable option to treat distal ULM, particularly when significant caliber gaps with side branches are observed. METHODS: Patients from the multicenter SPARTA (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02784405) and FAILS2 registries were included. Propensity-score with matching was performed to account for the lack of randomization. Primary end-point was the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, a composite of all cause death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization [TLR], unstable angina and definite stent thrombosis [ST]). Single components of MACE were the secondary end-points. RESULTS: Overall, 151 patients treated with SES and 1270 with DES-II were included; no differences in MACE rate at 250 days were observed (9.8% vs. 11.5%, P = 0.54). After propensity score with matching, 129 patients treated with SES and 258 with DES-II, of which about a third of female gender, were compared. After a follow-up of 250 days, MACE rate did not differ between the two groups (9.9% vs. 8.5%, P = 0.66), as well as the rate of ULM TLR (1.6% vs. 3.1%, P = 0.36) and definite ST (0.8% vs. 1.2%, P = 0.78). These results were consistent also when controlling for the treatment with provisional vs. 2-stents strategies for the ULM bifurcation. CONCLUSION: SES use for ULM treatment was associated with a similar MACE rate compared to DES-II at an intermediate-term follow-up. SES might represent a potential option in this setting.

14.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872618802783, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30270638

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The safety and efficacy of prasugrel and ticagrelor in patients with diabetes mellitus presenting with acute coronary syndrome and treated with percutaneous coronary intervention remain to be assessed. METHODS: All diabetes patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome and enrolled in the REgistry of New Antiplatelets in patients with Myocardial Infarction (RENAMI) were compared before and after propensity score matching. Net adverse cardiovascular events (composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction and BARC 3-5 bleedings) and major adverse cardiovascular events (composite of death, stroke and myocardial infarction) were the co-primary endpoints. Single components of primary endpoints were secondary endpoints. RESULTS: Among 4424 patients enrolled in RENAMI, 462 and 862 diabetes patients treated with prasugrel and ticagrelor, respectively, were considered. After propensity score matching, 386 patients from each group were selected. At 19±5 months, major adverse cardiovascular events and net adverse cardiovascular events were similar in the prasugrel and ticagrelor groups (5.4% vs. 3.4%, P=0.16 and 6.7% vs. 4.1%, P=0.11, respectively). Ticagrelor was associated with a lower risk of death and BARC 2-5 bleeding when compared to prasugrel (2.8% vs. 0.8%, P=0.031 and 6.0% vs. 2.6%, P=0.02, respectively) and a clear but not significant trend for a reduction of BARC 3-5 bleeding (2.3% vs. 0.8%, P=0.08). There were no significant differences in myocardial infarction recurrence and stent thrombosis. CONCLUSION: Diabetes patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome seem to benefit equally in terms of major adverse cardiovascular events from ticagrelor or prasugrel use. Ticagrelor was associated with a significant reduction in all-cause death and bleedings, without differences in recurrent ischaemic events, which should be confirmed in dedicated randomised controlled trials.

15.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 19(11): 650-654, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30222662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Safety and efficacy of radial and femoral access for coronary angiography performed by cardiology fellows remain to be evaluated. METHODS: In this multicenter prospective study, cardiology fellows selected the access site (among femoral, right and left radial artery) for coronary angiography. All bleeding events related to the access site and all complications (a composite of all bleedings and artery occlusion) were the co-primary safety end points. Success for each access site, procedural and radiological times and single components of primary outcome were the secondary ones. RESULTS: Overall, 201 patients were enrolled. Fellows chose right radial, left radial or femoral access in 164 (82%), 20 (10%) and 17 (8%) cases, respectively. All-cause bleedings were lower in radial cohort (4 vs. 19%; P = 0.001) mainly driven by minor bleedings (4 vs. 18%, P = 0.012). Also, overall complications were less frequent with the radial approach (18 vs. 30%, P = 0.03) and radial artery occlusion did not differ between right vs. left side (4 vs. 5%, P = 0.76). Procedural time (minutes) was similar between radial and femoral site (23 ±â€Š9 vs. 22 ±â€Š10, P = 0.91), as well as time of X-ray exposure (6 ±â€Š3 vs. 4 ±â€Š2, P = 0.11), DAP (Gy/cm: 17 ±â€Š11 vs. 18 ±â€Š12, P = 0.74) and amount of contrast medium (ml: 106 ±â€Š81 vs. 84 ±â€Š43, P = 0.89). Success for access was significantly higher with radial artery (89 vs. 71%, P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Radial artery is the most exploited access by cardiologist fellows, leading to reduction in minor bleedings and higher success compared with femoral access. No differences in procedural time and radiation exposures were recorded.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 273: 29-33, 2018 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30228021

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate "real life" incidence and independent predictors of major bleeding defined in ACS patients treated with PCI and current standard antithrombotic therapy with prasugrel or ticagrelor. METHODS AND RESULTS: The RENAMI project is a multicenter retrospective observational registry enrolling 4424 patients with ACS treated with PCI and prasugrel or ticagrelor plus aspirin. Primary endpoint was MACE (major adverse cardiovascular events). Secondary endpoints included each component of MACE, cardiovascular death (CV death), recurrence of ACS (reACS) and stroke. Eighty three (1.8%) patients developed out of hospital major bleedings after 14.1 ±â€¯6.2 months. These patients had higher rates of MACE (14.5% vs 4.4%; p = 0.001) and of all-cause death (11% vs 2.1%; p < 0.001). Independent predictors of major bleeding were age >75 years (OR 2.00; 95% CI 1.18-3.41; p = 0.010) and female sex (OR 1.66; 95% CI 1.02-2.70; p = 0.041). BARC 3-5 bleeding was independently associated with all-cause mortality (OR 3.46; 95% CI 1.64-7.31; p 0.001). CONCLUSION: In ACS patients treated with PCI and ticagrelor or prasugrel, BARC 3-5 bleedings despite being uncommon negatively impacted on prognosis. Old and female patients are at increased risk, offering clinical indications for tailoring dual antiplatelet therapy.

17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 72(8): 874-882, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30115226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prognosis of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) remains controversial due to scarcity of available data. Additionally, the effect of the triggering factors remains elusive. OBJECTIVES: This study compared prognosis between TTS and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients and investigated short- and long-term outcomes in TTS based on different triggers. METHODS: Patients with TTS were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. Long-term mortality of patients with TTS was compared to an age- and sex-matched cohort of patients with ACS. In addition, short- and long-term outcomes were compared between different groups according to triggering conditions. RESULTS: Overall, TTS patients had a comparable long-term mortality risk with ACS patients. Of 1,613 TTS patients, an emotional trigger was detected in 485 patients (30%). Of 630 patients (39%) related to physical triggers, 98 patients (6%) had acute neurologic disorders, while in the other 532 patients (33%), physical activities, medical conditions, or procedures were the triggering conditions. The remaining 498 patients (31%) had no identifiable trigger. TTS patients related to physical stress showed higher mortality rates than ACS patients during long-term follow-up, whereas patients related to emotional stress had better outcomes compared with ACS patients. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, TTS patients had long-term outcomes comparable to age- and sex-matched ACS patients. Also, we demonstrated that TTS can either be benign or a life-threating condition depending on the inciting stress factor. We propose a new classification based on triggers, which can serve as a clinical tool to predict short- and long-term outcomes of TTS. (International Takotsubo Registry [InterTAK Registry]; NCT01947621).

18.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30029980

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The PARIS score allows combined stratification of ischemic and hemorrhagic risk in patients with ischemic heart disease treated with coronary stenting and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Its usefulness in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) treated with ticagrelor or prasugrel is unknown. We investigated this issue in an international registry. METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study with voluntary participation of 11 centers in 6 European countries. We studied 4310 patients with ACS discharged with DAPT with ticagrelor or prasugrel. Ischemic events were defined as stent thrombosis or spontaneous myocardial infarction, and hemorrhagic events as BARC (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium) type 3 or 5 bleeding. Discrimination and calibration were calculated for both PARIS scores (PARISischemic and PARIShemorrhagic). The ischemic-hemorrhagic net benefit was obtained by the difference between the predicted probabilities of ischemic and bleeding events. RESULTS: During a period of 17.2 ± 8.3 months, there were 80 ischemic events (1.9% per year) and 66 bleeding events (1.6% per year). PARISischemic and PARIShemorrhagic scores were associated with a risk of ischemic events (sHR, 1.27; 95%CI, 1.16-1.39) and bleeding events (sHR, 1.14; 95%CI, 1.01-1.30), respectively. The discrimination for ischemic events was modest (C index = 0.64) and was suboptimal for hemorrhagic events (C index = 0.56), whereas calibration was acceptable for both. The ischemic-hemorrhagic net benefit was negative (more hemorrhagic events) in patients at high hemorrhagic risk, and was positive (more ischemic events) in patients at high ischemic risk. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS treated with DAPT with ticagrelor or prasugrel, the PARIS model helps to properly evaluate the ischemic-hemorrhagic risk.

19.
Thromb Res ; 167: 142-148, 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29857270

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ticagrelor and prasugrel are recommended as first line therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, patients with anemia are commonly treated with clopidogrel in routine clinical practice. The RENAMI registry (REgistry of New Antiplatelet therapy in patients with acute Myocardial Infarction) included ACS patients treated with prasugrel or ticagrelor at hospital discharge. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of anemia and characteristics and outcomes of these patients according to anemia status. METHODS: Consecutive patients with ACS from 11 centers were included. All patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Anemia was defined as hemoglobin <130 g/L in men and <120 g/L in women. The incidence of ischemic and bleeding events and all-cause mortality were assessed at one year. RESULTS: From 4424 patients included, 405 (9.2%) fulfilled criteria of anemia. Patients with anemia were significantly older, had a higher prevalence of peripheral artery disease, previous bleeding and renal disfunction and higher bleeding risk (PRECISE-DAPT score ≥ 25: 37.3% vs 18.8%, p < 0.001) The incidence of BARC 3/5 bleeding was moderately higher in patients with anemia (5.4% vs 1.5%, p = 0.001). The incidence of stent thrombosis or reinfarction was not significantly different according to anemia status. Anemia was independently associated with mortality (HR 1.73; 95% CI 1.03-2.91, p = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: A not negligible proportion of patients treated with ticagrelor or prasugrel met criteria for anemia. Anemia was an independent predictor of mortality. Despite their higher bleeding risk profile, patients with anemia had an acceptable rate of bleeding.

20.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29954720

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There is little evidence on rates of stent thrombosis (ST) in patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with ticagrelor or prasugrel. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and predictors of ST after an acute coronary syndrome among patients receiving DAPT with ticagrelor vs prasugrel. METHODS: We used data from the RENAMI registry (REgistry of New Antiplatelet therapy in patients with acute Myocardial Infarction), analyzing a total of 4123 acute coronary syndrome patients discharged with DAPT with ticagrelor or prasugrel in 11 centers in 6 European countries. The endpoint was definite ST within the first year. A competitive risk analysis was carried out using a Fine and Gray regression model, with death being the competitive event. RESULTS: A total of 2604 patients received DAPT with ticagrelor and 1519 with prasugrel; ST occurred in 41 patients (1.10%), with a similar cumulative incidence between ticagrelor (1.21%) and prasugrel (0.90%). The independent predictors of ST were age (sHR, 1.03; 95%CI, 1.01-1.06), ST segment elevation (sHR, 2.24; 95%CI, 1.22-4.14), previous myocardial infarction (sHR, 2.56; 95%CI, 1.19-5.49), and serum creatinine (sHR, 1.29; 95%CI, 1.08-1.54). CONCLUSIONS: Stent thrombosis is infrequent in patients receiving DAPT with ticagrelor or prasugrel. The variables associated with an increased risk of ST were advanced age, ST segment elevation, previous myocardial infarction, and serum creatinine.

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