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Nano Lett ; 18(10): 6121-6128, 2018 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30200769


Semiconductor nanowires such as InAs and InSb are promising materials for studying Majorana zero modes and demonstrating non-Abelian particle exchange relevant for topological quantum computing. While evidence for Majorana bound states in nanowires has been shown, the majority of these experiments are marked by significant disorder. In particular, the interfacial inhomogeneity between the superconductor and nanowire is strongly believed to be the main culprit for disorder and the resulting "soft superconducting gap" ubiquitous in tunneling studies of hybrid semiconductor-superconductor systems. Additionally, a lack of ballistic transport in nanowire systems can create bound states that mimic Majorana signatures. We resolve these problems through the development of selective-area epitaxy of Al to InSb nanowires, a technique applicable to other nanowires and superconductors. Epitaxial InSb-Al devices generically possess a hard superconducting gap and demonstrate ballistic 1D superconductivity and near-perfect transmission of supercurrents in the single mode regime, requisites for engineering and controlling 1D topological superconductivity. Additionally, we demonstrate that epitaxial InSb-Al superconducting island devices, the building blocks for Majorana-based quantum computing applications, prepared using selective-area epitaxy can achieve micron-scale ballistic 1D transport. Our results pave the way for the development of networks of ballistic superconducting electronics for quantum device applications.

Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3478, 2018 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30154472


Unconventional superconductivity arising from the interplay between strong spin-orbit coupling and magnetism is an intensive area of research. One form of unconventional superconductivity arises when Cooper pairs subjected to a magnetic exchange coupling acquire a finite momentum. Here, we report on a signature of finite momentum Cooper pairing in the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi2Se3. We apply in-plane and out-of-plane magnetic fields to proximity-coupled Bi2Se3 and find that the in-plane field creates a spatially oscillating superconducting order parameter in the junction as evidenced by the emergence of an anomalous Fraunhofer pattern. We describe how the anomalous Fraunhofer patterns evolve for different device parameters, and we use this to understand the microscopic origin of the oscillating order parameter. The agreement between the experimental data and simulations shows that the finite momentum pairing originates from the coexistence of the Zeeman effect and Aharonov-Bohm flux.

ACS Nano ; 9(6): 5799-806, 2015 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25970764


Strain can tune desirable electronic behavior in graphene, but there has been limited progress in controlling strain in graphene devices. In this paper, we study the mechanical response of graphene on substrates patterned with arrays of mesoscale pyramids. Using atomic force microscopy, we demonstrate that the morphology of graphene can be controlled from conformal to suspended depending on the arrangement of pyramids and the aspect ratio of the array. Nonuniform strains in graphene suspended across pyramids are revealed by Raman spectroscopy and supported by atomistic modeling, which also indicates strong pseudomagnetic fields in the graphene. Our results suggest that incorporating mesoscale pyramids in graphene devices is a viable route to achieving strain-engineering of graphene.