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1.
Patient Educ Couns ; 103(1): 5-14, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Several concepts on collaboration between patients and healthcare systems have emerged in the literature but there is little consensus on their meanings and differences. In this study, "patient participation" and related concepts were studied by focusing on the dimensions that compose them. This review follows two objectives: (1) to produce a detailed and comprehensive overview of the "patient participation" dimensions; (2) to identify differences and similarities between the related concepts. METHODS: A scoping review was performed to synthesize knowledge into a conceptual framework. An electronic protocol driven search was conducted in two bibliographic databases and a thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: The search process returned 39 articles after exclusion for full data extraction and analysis. Through the thematic analysis, the dimensions, influencing factors and expected outcomes of "patient participation" were determined. Finally, differences between the included concepts were identified. CONCLUSION: This global vision of "patient participation" allows us to go beyond the distinctions between the existing concepts and reveals their common goal to include the patient in the healthcare system. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: This scoping review provides useful information to propose a conceptual model of "patient participation", which could impact clinical practice and medical training programs.


Assuntos
Participação do Paciente , Humanos
2.
Rev Med Liege ; 73(12): 621-628, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570233

RESUMO

Patient engagement in health care system can be regarded as a lever for the general improvement of people's health, the quality and safety of care. Among the many approaches that co-exist, the model of Patient Partner is relatively recent and declares itself as the most successful to promote this engagement. The authors of this article propose to present briefly the above model and to raise the remaining questions on its operational application. We will then present the research program «Patient Partner Approach to Care¼ (INTERREG Va) that questions the Patient Partner model in an interregional context (Wallonia - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg - Lorraine - Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland).


Assuntos
Modelos Organizacionais , Participação do Paciente , Humanos
3.
Hum Reprod ; 31(1): 93-9, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26537922

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: How do the national cumulative (multiple) live birth rates over complete assisted reproduction technology (ART) courses of treatment per woman in Belgium compare to those in other registries? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cumulative live birth rates (CLBRs) remain high with a low cumulative multiple live birth rate when compared with other registries and publications. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In ART, a reduction in the multiple live birth rate could be achieved by reducing the number of embryos transferred. It has been shown that by doing so, live birth rates per cycle were maintained, particularly when the augmentation effect of attached frozen-thawed cycles was considered. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A retrospective cohort study included all patients with a Belgian national insurance number who were registered in the national ART registry (Belrap) and who started a first fresh ART cycle between 1 July 2009 until 31 December 2011 with follow up until 31 December 2012. We analysed 12 869 patients and 38 008 cycles (both fresh and attached frozen cycles). PARTICIPANTS, MATERIALS, SETTINGS, METHODS: CLBRs per patient who started a first ART cycle including fresh and consecutive frozen cycles leading to a live birth. Conservative estimates of cumulative live birth assumed that patients who did not return for treatment had no chance of achieving an ART-related live birth, whereas optimal estimates assumed that women discontinuing treatment would have the same chance of achieving a live birth as those continuing treatment. A maximum of six fresh ART cycles with corresponding frozen cycles was investigated and compared with other registries and publications. MAIN RESULTS AND ROLE OF CHANCE: The CLBR was age dependent and declined from 62.9% for women <35 years, to 51.4% for women 35-37 years, to 34.1% for women 38-40 years and 17.7% for women 41-42 years in the conservative analysis after six cycles. In the optimal estimate, the CLBR declined from 85.9% for women <35 years, to 72.0% for women 35-37 years, to 50.4% for women 38-40 years and 36.4% for women 41-42 years. The cumulative multiple live birth rates for the whole population were 5.1 and 8.6% for the conservative and optimal estimate, respectively. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Conservative and optimal estimates use assumptions for the whole ART population and do not take the individual patient into account. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: These data reinforce the validity of the Belgian model of coupling reimbursement of ART costs to a restriction in the number of embryos transferred. Our data can improve decision-making in medical ART practice both on the patient level and for society at large and could provide health care takers and insurance companies with a valid model. STUDY FUNDING COMPETING INTERESTS: none.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Gravidez
4.
Hum Reprod ; 28(10): 2709-19, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23820420

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: What is the effect of a legal limitation of the number of embryos that can be transferred in an assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycle on the multiple delivery rate? SUMMARY ANSWER: The Belgian national register shows that the introduction of reimbursement of ART laboratory costs in July 2003, and the imposition of a legal limitation of the number of embryos transferred in the same year, were associated with a >50% reduction of the multiple pregnancy rate from 27 to 11% between 2003 and the last assessment in 2010, without any reduction of the pregnancy rate per cycle. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Individual Belgian IVF centres have published their results since the implementation of the law, and these show a decrease in the multiple pregnancy rate on a centre by centre basis. However, the overall national picture remains unpublished. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Cohort study from 1990 to 2010 of all ART cycles in Belgium (2685 cycles in 1990 evolving to 19 110 cycles in 2010), with a retrospective analysis from 1990 to 2000 and prospective online data collection since 2001. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Registration evolved from paper written reports per centre to a compulsory online registration of all ART cycles. From 2001 up to mid-2009, data were collected from Excel spread sheets or MS Access files into an MS Access database. Since mid-2009, data collection is done via a remote and secured web-based system (www.belrap.be) where centres can upload their data and get immediate feedback about missing data, errors and inconsistencies. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: National Belgian registration data show that reimbursement of IVF laboratory costs in July 2003, coupled to a legal limitation in the number of embryos transferred in utero, were associated with a 50% reduction of the multiple pregnancy rate from 27 to 11% without reduction of the pregnancy rate per cycle, and with an increase in the number of fresh and frozen ART cycles due to improved access to treatment. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: There is potential underreporting of complications of ART treatment, pregnancy outcome and neonatal health. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Over the 20 years of registration, the pregnancy rate has remained constant, despite the reduction in the number of embryos transferred, optimization of laboratory procedures and stimulation protocols, introduction of quality systems and implementation of the EU Tissue Directive over the period 2004-2010. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): No external funding was sought for this study. None of the authors has any conflict of interest to declare.


Assuntos
Gravidez Múltipla/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/legislação & jurisprudência , Adulto , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Transferência Embrionária/economia , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Reembolso de Seguro de Saúde , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Arch Dis Child ; 62(5): 483-6, 1987 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-3606181

RESUMO

Urinary N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAG) excretion was measured in 14 healthy, preterm, male neonates with gestational ages between 32 and 35 weeks. Daily NAG excretion increased significantly during the first four weeks of life. No correlation was observed between urinary NAG:creatinine ratio and postnatal age regardless of whether measurements were taken from the whole 24 hour urine collection or from an isolated urine spot sample at the same time on each day. When the preterm infants were compared with a group of 20 healthy, full term, male infants at a postnatal age of 7 days the NAG:creatinine ratio was significantly higher in the preterm group, the measurements having been taken from single urine spot samples. We suggest that this variable be used in the evaluation of renal tubular integrity during the neonatal period.


Assuntos
Acetilglucosaminidase/urina , Hexosaminidases/urina , Recém-Nascido Prematuro/urina , Envelhecimento , Creatinina/urina , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Valores de Referência
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