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1.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 12(5): 635-642, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597205

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Balloon and stent angioplasty of the pulmonary arteries (PAs) are frequently performed following superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC), not only to normalize the caliber of the affected PA but also in hopes of maximizing downstream growth over time. There are limited data on the impact on subsequent PA growth prior to total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC). METHODS: A single-center, retrospective cohort study was performed on children who underwent transcatheter (TC) PA intervention following SCPC between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2018. Growth of treated and contralateral PAs was measured at the lobar bifurcation (distal branch PA [DBPA]) and in the proximal lower lobe (lower lobe branch [LLB]) on serial angiograms. Growth rate was evaluated using a mixed-effect model clustered by individual patient with an interaction term for treated PA and time to evaluate for differential growth rates between treated and contralateral PAs. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients underwent TC PA intervention following SCPC, at a median of 70 days (interquartile range: 19-297 days) postoperatively. Significant growth was seen at both DBPA and LLB for raw (0.8 mm/year, 95% CI: 0.6-1.0, P < .001 for both) and body surface area (BSA) adjusted measures (8.4mm/m2/year, 95% CI: 5.6-11.2, P < .001; 7.9 mm/m2/year, 95% CI: 5.5-10.2, P < .001). The growth rate of the treated vessel was not significantly different from that of the contralateral vessel at the DBPA or LLB positions for raw (P = .71, .70) or BSA-adjusted measurements (P = .86, .64). CONCLUSION: Transcatheter PA intervention was associated with normal distal PA growth rate relative to the untreated side.

2.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 295, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) is a challenging, but promising minimally invasive treatment option for patients with mitral valve disease. Depending on the anchoring mechanism, complications such as mitral leaflet or chordal disruption, aortic valve disruption or left ventricular outflow tract obstruction may occur. Supra-annular devices only anchor at the left atrial (LA) level with a low risk of these complications. For development of transcatheter valves based on LA anchoring, animal feasibility studies are required. In this study we sought to describe LA systolic and diastolic geometry in an ovine ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) model using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and echocardiography in order to facilitate future research focusing on TMVR device development for (I)MR with LA anchoring mechanisms. METHODS: A group of 10 adult male Dorsett sheep underwent a left lateral thoracotomy. Posterolateral myocardial infarction was created by ligation of the left circumflex coronary artery, the obtuse marginal and diagonal branches. MRI and echocardiography were performed at baseline and 8 weeks after myocardial infarction (MI). RESULTS: Six animals survived to 8 weeks follow-up. All animals had grade 2 + or higher IMR 8 weeks post-MI. All LA geometric parameters did not change significantly 8 weeks post-MI compared to baseline. Diastolic and systolic interpapillary muscle distance increased significantly 8 weeks post-MI. CONCLUSIONS: Systolic and diastolic LA geometry do not change significantly in the presence of grade 2 + or higher IMR 8 weeks post-MI. These findings help facilitate future tailored TMVR device development with LA anchoring mechanisms.

3.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(9): 1514-1525, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465156

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the ability to kneel after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without patellar resurfacing, and its effect on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Secondary aims included identifying which kneeling positions were most important to patients, and the influence of radiological parameters on the ability to kneel before and after TKA. METHODS: This prospective longitudinal study involved 209 patients who underwent single radius cruciate-retaining TKA without patellar resurfacing. Preoperative EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), and the ability to achieve four kneeling positions were assessed including a single leg kneel, a double leg kneel, a high-flexion kneel, and a praying position. The severity of radiological osteoarthritis (OA) was graded and the pattern of OA was recorded intraoperatively. The flexion of the femoral component, posterior condylar offset, and anterior femoral offset were measured radiologically. At two to four years postoperatively, 151 patients with a mean age of 70.0 years (SD 9.44) were included. Their mean BMI was 30.4 kg/m2 (SD 5.36) and 60 were male (40%). They completed EQ-5D, OKS, and Kujala scores, assessments of the ability to kneel, and a visual analogue scale for anterior knee pain and satisfaction. RESULTS: The ability to kneel in the four positions improved in between 29 (19%) and 53 patients (35%) after TKA, but declined in between 35 (23%) and 46 patients (30%). Single-leg kneeling was most important to patients. After TKA, 62 patients (41%) were unable to achieve a single-leg kneel, 76 (50%) were unable to achieve a double-leg kneel, 102 (68%) were unable to achieve a high-flexion kneel and 61 (40%) were unable to achieve a praying position. Posterolateral cartilage loss significantly affected preoperative deep flexion kneeling (p = 0.019). A postoperative inability to kneel was significantly associated with worse OKS, Kujala scores, and satisfaction (p < 0.05). Multivariable regression analysis identified significant independent associations with the ability to kneel after TKA (p < 0.05): better preoperative EQ-5D and flexion of the femoral component for single-leg kneeling; the ability to achieve it preoperatively and flexion of the femoral component for double-leg kneeling; male sex for high-flexion kneeling; and the ability to achieve it preoperatively, anterior femoral offset, and patellar cartilage loss for the praying position. CONCLUSION: The ability to kneel was important to patients and significantly influenced knee-specific PROMs, but was poorly restored by TKA with equal chances of improvement or decline. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(9):1514-1525.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Articulação Patelofemoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Patelofemoral/fisiopatologia , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 42(6): 1258-1274, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195869

RESUMO

Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants is a feasible, safe, and an effective alternative to surgical ligation and may be performed with an implant success rate of 97%. Major procedural complications related to transcatheter PDA closure in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants are relatively infrequent (< 3%) ,but may be associated with a fatality if not optimally managed. Operators performing transcatheter PDA closures should be knowledgeable about these potential complications and management options. Prompt recognition and treatment are often necessary to avoid serious consequences. With strict guidelines on operator training, proctoring requirements, and technical refinements, transcatheter PDA closure in ELBW infants can be performed safely with low complication rates. This article summarizes the consensus guidelines put forward by a panel of physicians for the prevention and management of periprocedural complications of transcatheter PDA closure with the Amplatzer Piccolo Occluder in ELBW infants.


Assuntos
Consenso , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido de Peso Extremamente Baixo ao Nascer
6.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34165621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To characterize hepatic to systemic lymphatic connections in patients with systemic lymphatic disease using intra-hepatic lymphangiography and to compare outcomes after lymphatic intervention. METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients with intra-hepatic lymphangiography from May 2014 - April 2019 at our institution were included. Imaging review was performed and hepatic lymphatic connections and flow patterns were characterized. Clinical data were reviewed and comparisons between patients undergoing lymphatic intervention with or without abnormal hepatic lymphatics were performed. RESULTS: During the study period, 105 patients underwent intra-hepatic lymphangiography. Primary clinical presentation included ascites (19/105), chylothorax (27/105), plastic bronchitis (PB) (17/105), and protein losing enteropathy (PLE) (42/105). Five categories of hepatic lymphatic connections and flow patterns were identified (%): normal (25%, 26/105), hepatoperitoneal (12%, 13/105), hepatopulmonary (10.5%, 11/105), hepatomesenteric (7.5%, 8/105), and hepatoduodenal (41%, 43/105) with four patients having more than one abnormal pattern. A comparison between clinical presentation and imaging category revealed an increased likelihood of having ascites with hepatoperitoneal (p < .0001), chylothorax/PB with hepatopulmonary (p = .01), and PLE with hepatoduodenal (p < .001) connections. Seventy-six patients had a lymphatic intervention, 24% with normal, and 76% with abnormal liver lymphatics. There was no difference in length of hospital stay or mortality between the two groups, but there was a prolonged time to symptom resolution (p = .006) and persistent symptoms after 6 months (5% vs 44%, p = .002) in the group with abnormal liver lymphatics. CONCLUSION: We identified five liver lymphatic imaging categories with a substantial correlation to presenting lymphatic disease. Abnormal imaging patterns correlated with increased morbidity. Evaluation of liver lymphatics should be considered in patients with a systemic lymphatic disease if central lymphatic imaging is normal. KEY POINTS: • We identified five liver lymphatic imaging patterns: normal, hepatoperitoneal, hepatomesenteric, hepatopulmonary, and hepatoduodenal. • Imaging patterns were correlated with disease presentation (normal - chylothorax/PB, hepatoperitoneal - ascites/chylothorax, hepatopulmonary - chylothorax/PB, hepatoduodenal - PLE). • Abnormal imaging patterns correlated with increased morbidity.

7.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 33(6): E425-E430, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893794

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe a deployment technique of the Gore Cardioform atrial septal defect (ASD) occluder (W.L. Gore and Associates) for large secundum ASDs and ASDs with challenging anatomy. BACKGROUND: The Gore Cardioform ASD occluder has recently been approved for closure of secundum ASDs; however, there are limitations to its delivery system. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on the use of a Mullins sheath (Cook Medical) to facilitate Gore Cardioform ASD occluder delivery for secundum ASD closure in the cardiac catheterization laboratory from June, 2017 to December, 2019 at Texas Children's Hospital/Baylor College of Medicine. RESULTS: Out of 98 patients who underwent an attempt at ASD closure using the Gore Cardioform ASD occluder, a Mullins sheath was used in 52 patients (median age, 8 years [interquartile range, 4-13 years] and weight 27.2 kg [interquartile range, 17.9-51.2 kg]), with a successful implant in 46/52 patients (88%). The Mullins sheath was primarily used to deliver large devices (>32 mm) in 38/46 successful implants (83%). There were 2 major adverse events (atrial fibrillation requiring cardioversion). At a median follow-up of 43 days (interquartile range, 1-374 days), no patient had more than a mild residual shunt. The ASD size, maximum sheath size, and device size were larger in patients in whom the Mullins sheath was used as compared with those patients in whom a Mullins sheath was not used. CONCLUSIONS: The Mullins sheath-facilitated delivery of the Gore Cardioform ASD occluder device may be a useful adjunct technique for closure of large secundum ASDs and secundum ASDs with challenging anatomy.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Comunicação Interatrial , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(4): 401-413, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess contemporary use of operator directed sedation (ODS) and anesthesiologist care (AC) in the pediatric/congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory (PCCL), specifically evaluating whether the use of operator-directed sedation was associated with increased risk of major adverse events. BACKGROUND: The safety of ODS relative to AC during PCCL procedures has been questioned. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective cohort study was performed studying procedures habitually performed with ODS or AC at IMPACT (Improving Adult and Congenital Treatment) registry hospitals using ODS for ≥5% of cases. The risks for major adverse events (MAE) for ODS and AC cases were compared, adjusted for case mix. Current recommendations were evaluated by comparing the ratio of observed to expected MAE for cases in which ODS was inappropriate (inconsistent with those guidelines) with those for similar risk AC cases, as well as those in which ODS or AC was appropriate. RESULTS: Of the hospitals submitting data to IMPACT, 28 of 101 met inclusion criteria. Of the 7,042 cases performed using ODS at these centers, 88% would be inappropriate. Use of ODS was associated with lower likelihood of MAE both in observed results (p < 0.0001) and after adjusting for case-mix (odds ratio: 0.81; p = 0.006). Use of AC was also associated with longer adjusted fluoroscopy and procedure times (p < 0.0001 for both). The observed/expected ratio for ODS cases with high pre-procedural risk (inappropriate for ODS) was significantly lower than that for AC cases with comparable pre-procedural risk. Across a range of pre-procedural risks, there was no stratum in which risk for MAE was lower for AC than ODS. CONCLUSIONS: Across a range of hospitals, ODS was used safely and with improved efficiency. Clinical judgment better identified cases in which ODS could be used than pre-procedural risk score. This should inform future guidelines for the use of ODS and AC in the catheterization laboratory.


Assuntos
Anestesiologistas , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Adulto , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Criança , Humanos , Laboratórios , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(2)2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33637507

RESUMO

We present an unusual ischial fracture unreported in the literature. We discuss the mechanism and describe the appropriate investigations and surgical management of this fracture. A 36-year-old man sustained a direct blow to his right buttock following a fall from a dirt bike. Examination revealed a firm haematoma, with severe pain on any stretch involving the posterior compartment of the thigh. Radiographs revealed a displaced fracture of the ischial body. CT confirmed integrity of the pelvic ring. The patient underwent open reduction and internal fixation with a partially threaded cannulated screw via a 'modified longitudinal' posterior approach to the ischium. The patient was managed partially weight-bearing for 6 weeks; 6-month follow-up confirmed satisfactory clinical and radiographic outcomes. Clinicians should be aware of this novel pelvic fracture and its unusual presentation, currently not included in any pelvic fracture classification system. We report a novel operative technique for appropriate surgical management of such injuries.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Ossos Pélvicos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ossos Pélvicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Ossos Pélvicos/cirurgia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Knee ; 28: 194-201, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes and cost economics of TKA without patella resurfacing in patients with and without patellar cartilage loss. METHODS: Prospective case control study of 209 consecutive patients undergoing TKA without patella resurfacing. Patella cartilage status was documented intra-operatively: 108 patients had patella cartilage loss (mean age 70 ± 9.7, mean BMI 31 ± 6.2, 72 (67%) female) and 101 control patients did not (age 68 ± 9.2, BMI 31 ± 5.6, 52 (51%) female). The primary outcome measure was Oxford Knee Score (OKS) improvement at one year. Secondary outcomes included OKS, EQ-5D, anterior knee pain (AKP), Kujala scores and reoperation at 2-4 years. The cost to prevent secondary patella resurfacing was calculated. RESULTS: There were more women in the patella cartilage loss group (67% Vs 51%, p = 0.037), but no other preoperative characteristics differed. There was no difference in OKS improvement between those with and without patella cartilage loss at 1 year (mean difference -1.03, -3.68 to 1.62 95%CI, p = 0.446) or 2-4 years (mean difference 1.52, -1.43 to 4.45 95%CI, p = 0.310). At 2-4 years there was no difference in AKP (14/87 with vs 17/80 without, p = 0.430) nor Kujala score (mean difference 2.66, -3.82 to 9.13 95%CI, p = 0.418). Routine patella resurfacing would have cost £58,311 to prevent one secondary resurfacing. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in OKS, anterior knee pain, reoperation or Kujala scores up to 2-4 years between patients with and without patellar cartilage loss following TKA without patella resurfacing. Resurfacing for this indication would not have been a cost effective intervention.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Cartilagem Articular/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação
13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(24): 2847-2858, 2020 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited published data focused on outcomes of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) with either a Sapien XT or Sapien 3 (S3) valve. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to report short-term outcomes in a large cohort of patients who underwent TPVR with either a Sapien XT or S3 valve. METHODS: Data were entered retrospectively into a multicenter registry for patients who underwent attempted TPVR with a Sapien XT or S3 valve. Patient-related, procedural, and short-term outcomes data were characterized overall and according to type of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) anatomy. RESULTS: Twenty-three centers enrolled a total of 774 patients: 397 (51%) with a native/patched RVOT; 183 (24%) with a conduit; and 194 (25%) with a bioprosthetic valve. The S3 was used in 78% of patients, and the XT was used in 22%, with most patients receiving a 29-mm (39%) or 26-mm (34%) valve. The implant was technically successful in 754 (97.4%) patients. Serious adverse events were reported in 67 patients (10%), with no difference between RVOT anatomy groups. Fourteen patients underwent urgent surgery. Nine patients had a second valve implanted. Among patients with available data, tricuspid valve injury was documented in 11 (1.7%), and 9 others (1.3%) had new moderate or severe regurgitation 2 grades higher than pre-implantation, for 20 (3.0%) total patients with tricuspid valve complications. Valve function at discharge was excellent in most patients, but 58 (8.5%) had moderate or greater pulmonary regurgitation or maximum Doppler gradients >40 mm Hg. During limited follow-up (n = 349; median: 12 months), 9 patients were diagnosed with endocarditis, and 17 additional patients underwent surgical valve replacement or valve-in-valve TPVR. CONCLUSIONS: Acute outcomes after TPVR with balloon-expandable valves were generally excellent in all types of RVOT. Additional data and longer follow-up will be necessary to gain insight into these issues.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Pulmonar , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Bioprótese , Criança , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(24): 2853-2864, 2020 12 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to enumerate and categorize quality metrics relevant to the pediatric/congenital cardiac catheterization laboratory (PCCL). BACKGROUND: Diagnostic and interventional catheterization procedures are an increasingly important part of the care of young patients with cardiac disease. Measurement of the performance of PCCL programs in a stringent and consistent fashion is a crucial step toward improving outcomes. To the best of our knowledge, a systematic evaluation of current quality metrics in PCCL has not been performed previously. METHODS: Potential metrics were evaluated by: 1) a systematic review of peer-reviewed research; 2) a review of metrics from organizations interested in quality improvement, patient safety, and/or PCCL programs; and 3) a survey of U.S. PCCL cardiologists. Collected metrics were grouped on 2 dimensions: 1) Institute of Medicine domains; and 2) the Donabedian structure/process/outcome framework. Survey responses were dichotomized between favorable and unfavorable responses and then compared within and between categories. RESULTS: In the systematic review, 6 metrics were identified (from 9 publications), all focused on safety either as an outcome (adverse events [AEs], mortality, and failure to rescue along with radiation exposure) or as a structure (procedure volume or operator experience). Four organizations measure quality metrics of PCCL programs, of which only 1 publicly reports data. For the survey, 229 cardiologists from 118 hospital programs responded (66% of individuals and 72% of hospital programs). The highest favorable ratings were for safety metrics (p < 0.001), of which major AEs, failure to rescue, and procedure-specific AEs had the highest ratings. Of respondents, 67% stated that current risk adjustment were not effective. Favorability ratings for hospital characteristics, PCCL characteristics, and quality improvement processes were significantly lower than for safety and less consistent within categories. CONCLUSIONS: There is a limited number of PCCL quality metrics, primarily focused on safety. Confidence in current risk adjustment methodology is low. The knowledge gaps identified should guide future research in the development of new quality metrics.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Hospitais , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Transplant Direct ; 6(8): e580, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33134504

RESUMO

Higher Banff inflammation and chronicity scores on kidney transplant biopsies are associated with poorer graft survival, although histology alone has limitations in predicting outcomes. We investigated if integrating donor-derived cell-free DNA (dd-cfDNA, Allosure; CareDx, Inc.) with Banff biopsy scores into a predictive model for estimated glomerular filtration rate over time can improve prognostic assessment versus histology alone. Methods: We identified 180 kidney transplant patients with dd-cfDNA assessed within 1 mo of biopsy. Using linear mixed-effects models, a prediction model of Banff histology scores and dd-cfDNA on estimated glomerular filtration rate over time was derived. Nested models were compared using the likelihood-ratio test, Akaike Information Criterion, and Bayesian Information Criterion to assess if inclusion of dd-cfDNA into a model consisting of Banff biopsy scores would improve model fit. Results: Univariate models identified significant covariate-by-time interactions for cg = 3 versus <3 (coefficient: -1.3 mL/min/1.73 m2/mo; 95% confidence interval [CI], -2.4 to -0.2; P = 0.02) and ci + ct ≥ 3 versus <3 (coefficient: -0.7 mL/min/1.73 m2/mo; 95% CI, -1.3 to -0.1; P = 0.03) and a trend toward significant covariate-by-time interaction for dd-cfDNA (coefficient: -0.5 mL/min/1.73 m2/mo; 95% CI, -1.0 to 0.1; P = 0.08). Addition of acute inflammation (i, t, and v), microvascular inflammation (g and ptc), and inflammation in area of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy scores to chronicity scores (cg ≥ 3 and ci + ct ≥ 3) did not improve model fit. However, a model including dd-cfDNA with cg and ci + ct with covariate-by-time interactions had a better model fit compared with cg and ci + ct alone (likelihood-ratio test statistic = 21.1; df = 2; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Addition of dd-cfDNA to Banff biopsy scores provided better prognostic assessment over biopsy characteristics alone.

16.
Bone Jt Open ; 1(6): 182-189, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225287

RESUMO

Aims: This study aims to define the epidemiology of trauma presenting to a single centre providing all orthopaedic trauma care for a population of ∼ 900,000 over the first 40 days of the COVID-19 pandemic compared to that presenting over the same period one year earlier. The secondary aim was to compare this with population mobility data obtained from Google. Methods: A cross-sectional study of consecutive adult (> 13 years) patients with musculoskeletal trauma referred as either in-patients or out-patients over a 40-day period beginning on 5 March 2020, the date of the first reported UK COVID-19 death, was performed. This time period encompassed social distancing measures. This group was compared to a group of patients referred over the same calendar period in 2019 and to publicly available mobility data from Google. Results: Orthopaedic trauma referrals reduced by 42% (1,056 compared to 1,820) during the study period, and by 58% (405 compared to 967) following national lockdown. Outpatient referrals reduced by 44%, and inpatient referrals by 36%, and the number of surgeries performed by 36%. The regional incidence of traumatic injury fell from 5.07 (95% confidence interval (CI) 4.79 to 5.35) to 2.94 (95% CI 2.52 to 3.32) per 100,000 population per day. Significant reductions were seen in injuries related to sports and alcohol consumption. No admissions occurred relating to major trauma (Injury Severity Score > 16) or violence against the person. Changes in population mobility and trauma volume from baseline correlated significantly (Pearson's correlation 0.749, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.85, p < 0.001). However, admissions related to fragility fractures remained unchanged compared to the 2019 baseline. Conclusion: The profound changes in social behaviour and mobility during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic have directly correlated with a significant decrease in orthopaedic trauma referrals, but fragility fractures remained unaffected and provision for these patients should be maintained.Cite this article: Bone Joint Open 2020;1-6:182-189.

17.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(1): e008320, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Harmony transcatheter pulmonary valve (TPV) was designed for treatment of postoperative pulmonary valve regurgitation in patients with repaired right ventricular outflow tracts. METHODS: The Native TPV EFS (Early Feasibility Study) is a prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized feasibility study. Three-year outcomes are reported. RESULTS: Of 20 implanted patients, 17 completed 3-year follow-up (maximum: 4.1 years). There were no deaths and 2 early explants. One patient did not complete the 3-year visit. In patients with available 3-year echocardiographic data, 1 had a mild paravalvular leak and the rest had none/trace; 1 patient had mild pulmonary valve regurgitation and the remainder had none/trace. The 3-year mean right ventricular outflow tract echocardiographic gradient was 15.7±5.5 mm Hg. Radiographically, no late frame fractures or erosions were identified. At 2 years, 2 patients presented with an increased echocardiographic outflow gradient (1 mixed lesion with moderate/severe pulmonary valve regurgitation). Computed tomography scans identified neointimal tissue ingrowth within the stent frame in both patients, and they were treated successfully with a transcatheter valve-in-valve procedure (Melody TPV). Additional follow-up computed tomography scans performed at 3.2±0.5 years after implant were obtained in 16 patients and revealed luminal tissue thickening at the inflow and outflow portion of the frame with no significant alteration of the valve housing. CONCLUSIONS: Three-year results from the Native TPV EFS revealed stable Harmony TPV device position, good valve function in most, and the absence of moderate/severe paravalvular leak and significant late frame fractures. Two patients developed significant neointimal proliferation requiring valve-in-valve treatment, while all others had no clinically significant right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01762124.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Canadá , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 96(6): 1266-1276, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Characterize the safety and effectiveness of the Amplatzer Piccolo Occluder for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure. BACKGROUND: The presence of a hemodynamically significant PDA has been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in children born premature. METHODS: This was a single arm, prospective, multicenter, non-randomized study to evaluate the Amplatzer Piccolo Occluder to treat PDA in patients ≥700 g. From June 2017 to February 2019, 200 patients were enrolled at nine centers, with 100 patients weighing ≤2 kg. Primary effectiveness endpoint was the rate of PDA closure at 6-month follow-up. Primary safety endpoint was the rate of major complications through 6 months. Secondary endpoint was rate of significant pulmonary or aortic obstruction through 6 months' follow-up. RESULTS: The implant success rate was 95.5% (191/200) overall and 99% in patients ≤2 kg (99/100). The primary effectiveness endpoint was achieved in 99.4% of implanted patients. Four patients experienced a primary safety endpoint event (2 transfusions, 1 hemolysis, and 1 aortic obstruction). There were no branch pulmonary artery obstructions. Five patients, all ≤2 kg, were noted to have worsening of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) after the procedure. None of the TR incidences manifested clinically. The Amplatzer Piccolo Occluder received FDA approval in January 2019 and became the first device approved for PDA closure in patients ≥700 g. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the safety and effectiveness of the Amplatzer Piccolo Occluder, particularly in patients between 700 g and 2 kg where there is currently a significant unmet need in the United States. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03055858.

19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(7): e015318, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223393

RESUMO

Background Recent studies suggest that lymphatic congestion plays a role in development of late Fontan complications, such as protein-losing enteropathy. However, the role of the lymphatic circulation in early post-Fontan outcomes is not well defined. Methods and Results This was a retrospective, single-center study of patients undergoing first-time Fontan completion from 2012 to 2017. The primary outcome was early Fontan complication ≤6 months after surgery, a composite of death, Fontan takedown, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, chest tube drainage >14 days, cardiac catheterization, readmission, or transplant. Complication causes were assigned to 1 of 4 groups: (1) Fontan circuit obstruction, (2) ventricular dysfunction or atrioventricular valve regurgitation, (3) persistent pleural effusions in the absence of Fontan obstruction or ventricular dysfunction, and (4) chylothorax or plastic bronchitis. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging sequences were used to assess for lymphatic perfusion abnormality. The cohort consisted of 238 patients. Fifty-eight (24%) developed early complications: 20 of 58 (34.5%) in group 1, 8 of 58 (14%) in group 2, 18 of 58 (31%) in group 3, and 12 of 58 (20%) in group 4. Preoperative T2 imaging was available for 126 (53%) patients. Patients with high-grade lymphatic abnormalities had 6 times greater odds of developing early complications (P=0.001). Conclusions There is substantial morbidity in the early post-Fontan period. Half of those who developed early complications had lymphatic failure or persistent effusions unrelated to structural or functional abnormalities. Preoperative T2 imaging demonstrated that patients with higher-grade lymphatic perfusion abnormalities were significantly more likely to develop early complications. This has implications for risk stratification and optimization of patients before Fontan palliation.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Doenças Linfáticas/epidemiologia , Sistema Linfático/fisiopatologia , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Técnica de Fontan/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Lactente , Doenças Linfáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Linfáticas/mortalidade , Doenças Linfáticas/fisiopatologia , Sistema Linfático/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Imagem de Perfusão , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 96(4): 889-897, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short- and middle-term outcomes after transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (TC-PDA) closure in small infants, specifically device-related left pulmonary artery (LPA) stenosis and aortic coarctation, risk factors, and changes over time. BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated successful transcatheter PDA (TC-PDA) closure in small infants. LPA stenosis and aortic coarctation have been seen after TC-PDA, but it is not clear whether device-related LPA/aortic obstruction persists. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study of infants ≤4 kg who underwent TC-PDA closure from February 1, 2007 to September 1, 2018 was performed, evaluating the incidence and risk factors for LPA stenosis and coarctation. RESULTS: Forty-four patients underwent successful TC-PDA with Amplatzer Vascular Plug II (AVPII; n = 30), Amplatzer Duct Occluder II-Additional Sizes (n = 10), Amplatzer Duct Occluder I (n = 3), and coil-filled AVPI (n = 1) devices, all via an antegrade approach. Median birthweight and procedural weight were 890 g (range: 490-3,250) and 2.8 kg (range: 1.2-4.0), respectively. Median follow-up was 0.7 years (range: 2 days-7 years). Thirty-eight patients had post-procedure echocardiograms assessing LPA/aortic obstruction. Of those, 17 had LPA flow acceleration/stenosis (≥1.5 m/s), which improved or resolved in all patients with available follow-up; 3 developed mild coarctation (>2 m/s), which improved in the two with more than short-term follow-up; 4 developed mild flow acceleration (1.5-2 m/s) in the descending aorta, which resolved in three and increased in one (2.4 m/s). Flow acceleration in the LPA was associated with younger procedural age, larger PDA minimal diameter, and placement of a device other than the AVPII. There was no device-related mortality or need for reintervention. CONCLUSION: TC-PDA in small infants is effective, without significant complications. Device-related LPA/aortic obstruction can improve with time/growth.


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica/epidemiologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/terapia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal/efeitos adversos , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Coartação Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Peso ao Nascer , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estenose de Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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