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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521073

RESUMO

MOF-driven synthesis is considered as a promising alternative for the development of new catalytic materials with well-designed active sites. This synthetic approach is used here to gradually transform a new bimetallic MOF, composed of Pd and Fe as metal components, via the in situ generation of aniline under mild conditions. This methodology results in a compositionally homogeneous nanocomposite formed by Fe-doped Pd nanoparticles and these, in turn, supported on an iron oxide-doped carbon. The nanocomposite has been fully characterized by several techniques such as IR, Raman, TEM, XPS, XAS, among others. The performance of this nanocomposite as an heterogeneous catalyst for hydrogenation of nitroarenes and nitrobenzene coupling with benzaldehyde has been evaluated, proving it to be an efficient and reusable catalyst.

2.
Mol Pharm ; 16(6): 2315-2325, 2019 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012592

RESUMO

Rapid intracellular degradation of current drug-delivery nanocarriers presents a challenge for achieving ideal controlled drug-release kinetics. Recent in vivo studies have shown that porous hybrid metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), belonging to the Materials of Institute Lavoisier (MIL) family, display prolonged biodegradation behavior. In this study, we investigated stability of these materials in Kupffer cells, a relevant target for the treatment of several life-threatening immune-mediated liver diseases. For this aim, we selected fluorescently labeled microporous MOF particles of MIL88A and MIL88B-NH2, built from trimers of Fe(III) octahedra, as an inorganic component, and fumarate (MIL88A) or 2-amino terephthalate (MIL88B-NH2), as an organic linker. Cell uptake inhibition analysis of MOF particles by a Kupffer cell line (KUP5) has shown that phagocytosis is the major endocytic pathway involved in MIL88B-NH2 internalization. Investigation of MOF interaction with KUP5 cells by real-time microscopy indicated that the structure of MIL88B-NH2 MOFs stays intact up to 15 min after uptake, followed by MOF accumulation in acidic cell compartments and slow degradation, reaching a minimum of 10-15% decomposition over 24 h. MIL88A particles demonstrated similar degradation kinetics. Analysis of the mechanisms of MOF degradation has shown that inhibition of phagosome acidification as well as protease activity does not prevent decomposition of MIL88B-NH2 particles. Thus, our study demonstrates the relative stability of the MOF structure in the phagolysosomal environment of Kupffer cells, revealing potential use of these materials for controlled drug delivery in a case of immune-mediated liver diseases.


Assuntos
Macrófagos do Fígado/metabolismo , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Cinética , Microscopia
3.
Adv Mater ; 31(27): e1900039, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30998264

RESUMO

A simple chemical protocol to prepare core-shell gold@spin-crossover (Au@SCO) nanoparticles (NPs) based on the 1D spin-crossover [Fe(Htrz)2 (trz)](BF4 ) coordination polymer is reported. The synthesis relies on a two-step approach consisting of a partial surface ligand substitution of the citrate-stabilized Au NPs followed by the controlled growth of a very thin layer of the SCO polymer. As a result, colloidally stable core@shell spherical NPs with a Au core of ca. 12 nm and a thin SCO shell 4 nm thick, are obtained, exhibiting a narrow distribution in sizes. Differential scanning calorimetry proves that a cooperative spin transition in the range 340-360 K is maintained in these Au@SCO NPs, in full agreement with the values reported for pristine 4 nm SCO NPs. Temperature-dependent charge-transport measurements of an electrical device based on assemblies of these Au@SCO NPs also support this spin transition. Thus, a large change in conductance upon spin state switching, as compared with other memory devices based on the pristine SCO NPs, is detected. This results in a large improvement in the sensitivity of the device to the spin transition, with values for the ON/OFF ratio which are an order of magnitude better than the best ones obtained in previous SCO devices.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(17): 7173-7180, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973716

RESUMO

Herein we report the synthesis of an elusive metal-organic framework, the iron(II) analogue of ZIF-8 with the formula Fe(2-methylimidazolate)2, here denoted as MUV-3. The preparation of this highly interesting porous material, inaccessible by common synthetic procedures, occurs in a solvent-free reaction upon addition of an easily detachable template molecule, yielding single crystals of MUV-3. This methodology can be extended to other metals and imidazolate derivatives, allowing the preparation of ZIF-8, ZIF-67, and the unprecedented iron(II) ZIFs Fe(2-ethylimidazolate)2 and Fe(2-methylbenzimidazolate)2. The different performance of MUV-3 toward NO sorption, in comparison to ZIF-8, results from the chemisorption of NO molecules, which also causes a gate-opening behavior. Finally, the controlled pyrolysis of MUV-3 results in a N-doped graphitic nanocomposite that exhibits extraordinary performance for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), with low overpotential at different current densities (316 mV at 10 mA cm-2), low Tafel slope (37 mV per decade), high maximum current density (710 mA cm-2 at 2.0 V vs RHE), and great durability (15 h).

5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(19): 5672-5678, 2018 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30212213

RESUMO

We use the electrodeless time-resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC) technique to characterize spin-crossover (SCO) nanoparticles. We show that TRMC is a simple and accurate means for simultaneously assessing the magnetic state of SCO compounds and charge transport information on the nanometer length scale. In the low-spin state from liquid nitrogen temperature up to 360 K the TRMC measurements present two well-defined regimes in the mobility and in the half-life times, in which the former transition temperature TR occurs near 225 K. Below TR, we propose that an activationless regime taking place associated with short lifetimes of the charge carriers points at the presence of shallow-trap states. Above TR, these states are thermally released, yielding a thermally activated hopping regime where longer hops increase the mobility and, concomitantly, the barrier energy. The activation energy could originate not only from intricate contributions such as polaronic self-localizations but also from dynamic disorder due to phonons and/or thermal fluctuations of SCO moieties.

6.
Small ; 14(40): e1801900, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30091524

RESUMO

Controlling the outer surface of nanometric metal-organic frameworks (nanoMOFs) and further understanding the in vivo effect of the coated material are crucial for the convenient biomedical applications of MOFs. However, in most studies, the surface modification protocol is often associated with significant toxicity and/or lack of selectivity. As an alternative, how the highly selective and general grafting GraftFast method leads, through a green and simple process, to the successful attachment of multifunctional biopolymers (polyethylene glycol (PEG) and hyaluronic acid) on the external surface of nanoMOFs is reported. In particular, effectively PEGylated iron trimesate MIL-100(Fe) nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit suitable grafting stability and superior chemical and colloidal stability in different biofluids, while conserving full porosity and allowing the adsorption of bioactive molecules (cosmetic and antitumor agents). Furthermore, the nature of the MOF-PEG interaction is deeply investigated using high-resolution soft X-ray spectroscopy. Finally, a cell penetration study using the radio-labeled antitumor agent gemcitabine monophosphate (3 H-GMP)-loaded MIL-100(Fe)@PEG NPs shows reduced macrophage phagocytosis, confirming a significant in vitro PEG furtiveness.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(49): 15565-15569, 2017 12 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28960750

RESUMO

Despite high morbidity and mortality associated with lung diseases, addressing drugs towards lung tissue remains a pending task. Particle lung filtration has been proposed for passive lung targeting and drug delivery. However, toxicity issues derived from the long-term presence of the particles must be overcome. By exploiting some of the ignored properties of nanosized metal-organic frameworks it is possible to achieve impressive antitumoral effects on experimental lung tumors, even without the need to engineer the surface of the material. In fact, it was discovered that, based on unique pH-responsiveness and reversible aggregation behaviors, nanoMOF was capable of targeting lung tissue. At the neutral pH of the blood, the nanoMOFs form aggregates with the adequate size to be retained in lung capillaries. Within 24 h they then disaggregate and release their drug payload. This phenomenon was compatible with lung tissue physiology.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/farmacologia , Nanoestruturas/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 53(54): 7661-7664, 2017 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28643828

RESUMO

The use of a 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(3,4,5-trihydroxyphenyl)porphyrin has yielded a new MOF based on M-1,2,3-trioxobenzene chains that can be made of M = Zr(iv) or RE(iii) (RE = rare earth), showing a very high and limited chemical stability, respectively. The robust metallated Zr-analogue, Co-MIL-173(Zr), has proven to be a heme-like heterogeneous catalyst suitable for aerobic oxidation of hydrocarbons.

9.
Chem Sci ; 8(4): 3109-3120, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28507686

RESUMO

Discrimination between different gases is an essential aspect for industrial and environmental applications involving sensing and separation. Several classes of porous materials have been used in this context, including zeolites and more recently MOFs. However, to reach high selectivities for the separation of gas mixtures is a challenging task that often requires the understanding of the specific interactions established between the porous framework and the gases. Here we propose an approach to obtain an enhanced selectivity based on the use of compartmentalized coordination polymers, named CCP-1 and CCP-2, which are crystalline materials comprising isolated discrete cavities. These compartmentalized materials are excellent candidates for the selective separation of CO2 from methane and nitrogen. A complete understanding of the sorption process is accomplished with the use of complementary experimental techniques including X-ray diffraction, adsorption studies, inelastic- and quasi-elastic neutron scattering, magnetic measurements and molecular dynamics calculations.

10.
Adv Mater ; 28(33): 7228-33, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27184546

RESUMO

The charge transport properties of SCO [Fe(Htrz)2 (trz)](BF4 ) NPs covered with a silica shell placed in between single-layer graphene electrodes are reported. A reproducible thermal hysteresis loop in the conductance above room-temperature is evidenced. This bistability combined with the versatility of graphene represents a promising scenario for a variety of technological applications but also for future sophisticated fundamental studies.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 54(21): 10490-6, 2015 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26468913

RESUMO

A new magnetic coordination polymer, [Fe(bipy)(im)2] (bipy = 4,4-bipyridine and im = imidazole), has been synthesized in a solvent-free reaction. Structural analysis reveals a pillared 3D coordination polymer composed by neutral layers, formed by iron(II) and imidazolate linkers, interconnected by bipy ligands which serve as pillars. Magnetic measurements show that the material magnetically orders at low temperatures (Tc = 14.5 K) as a weak ferromagnet, likely due to a spin canting.


Assuntos
Magnetismo , Polímeros/química , Solventes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Termogravimetria
12.
Adv Mater ; 27(7): 1288-93, 2015 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25556348

RESUMO

Two-dimensional assemblies of triazole-based spin-crossover nanoparticles (SCO NPs) presenting different morphologies are prepared and electrically characterized. The thermal hysteresis loop in the electrical conductance near room temperature correlates with the NP morphologies and their 2D organization. The unprecedentedly large difference - up to two orders of magnitude - in the electrical conductance of the two spin states is of interest for applications.

13.
J Mater Chem C Mater ; 3(30): 7946-7953, 2015 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27358736

RESUMO

A systematic study of the key synthetic parameters that control the growth of spin-crossover (SCO) nanoparticles (NPs) using the reverse micelle technique has been undertaken in the system [Fe(Htrz)2(trz)](BF4)·H2O, (Htrz = 1,2,4-triazole). This has permitted us to modulate the physical properties of the NPs in a controlled and reproducible manner. In particular, a control over the size of the NPs (in the range 4 to 16 nm) has been achieved by varying the water to surfactant molar ratio. The consequences of this size variation on the cooperativity of the spin transition are discussed. Finally, this approach has been extended to the chemical alloy [Fe(Htrz)2.95(NH2trz)0.05](ClO4)2 in order to prepare NPs exhibiting a cooperative and hysteretic spin transition centred closer to room temperature.

14.
Chemistry ; 20(34): 10695-702, 2014 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24804629

RESUMO

The formation of a metal-organic framework (MOF) with nodes that have single-molecule magnet (SMM) behaviour has been achieved by using mononuclear lanthanoid analogues, also known as single-ion magnets (SIMs), which enormously simplifies the challenging issue of making SMM-MOFs. Here we present a rational design of a family of MOFs, [Ln(bipyNO)4](TfO)3⋅x solvent (Ln=Tb (1); Dy (2); Ho (3); Er (4); TfO=triflate), in which the lanthanoid centres have an square-antiprismatic coordination environment suitable for SIM behaviour. Magnetic measurements confirm the existence of slow magnetic relaxation typical of SMMs, which has been rationalised by means of a radial effective charge model. In addition, we have explored the incorporation of bulky polyoxometalates (POMs) into the cavities of the SIM-MOF by anion exchange, finding that they do not interfere with the slow magnetic relaxation. This demonstrates the robustness of the frameworks and opens the possibility of incorporating non-innocent anions.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 53(9): 4482-90, 2014 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24738562

RESUMO

In this work, we present a family of Fe(II) coordination polymers of general formula [Fe(btzx)(3-3x)(btix)(3x)](ClO4)2 with interesting spin-crossover properties. These coordination polymers have been synthesized using chemical mixtures of two different but closely related ligands, 1,4-bis(tetrazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (btzx) and 1,4-bis(triazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene (btix), and the effect of a gradual substitution of the ligand in the spin transition temperature has been investigated. Several chemical mixtures have been structurally characterized by X-ray powder diffraction indicating a clear critical amount in the composition of the mixture after which mixed phases rather than a single phase comprising mixed components are observed. Importantly, this approach causes the appearance of a new transition at lower temperatures that is not present in the pure [Fe(L)3](ClO4)2 systems.


Assuntos
Compostos Ferrosos/química , Polímeros/química , Ligantes , Difração de Pó , Termogravimetria
16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 135(43): 15986-9, 2013 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24125096

RESUMO

We present a spin-crossover Fe(II) coordination polymer with no permanent channels that selectively sorbs CO2 over N2. The one-dimensional chains display internal voids of ∼9 Å diameter, each being capable to accept one molecule of CO2 at 1 bar and 273 K. X-ray diffraction provides direct structural evidence of the location of the gas molecules and reveals the formation of O═C═O(δ(-))···π interactions. This physisorption modifies the spin transition, producing a 9 K increase in T1/2.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 52(15): 8451-60, 2013 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23837714

RESUMO

The restacking of charged TaS2 nanosheets with molecular counterparts has so far allowed for the combination of superconductivity with a manifold of other molecule-intrinsic properties. Yet, a hybrid compound that blends superconductivity with spin crossover switching has still not been reported. Here we continue to exploit the solid-state/molecule-based hybrid approach for the synthesis of a layered TaS2-based material that hosts Fe(2+) complexes with a spin switching behavior. The chemical design and synthetic aspects of the exfoliation/restacking approach are discussed, highlighting how the material can be conveniently obtained in the form of highly oriented easy-to-handle flakes. Finally, proof of the presence of both phenomena is provided by the use of a variety of physical characterization techniques. The likely sensitivity of the intercalated Fe(2+) complexes to external stimuli such as light opens the door for the study of synergistic effects between the superconductivity and the spin crossover switching at low temperatures.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 51(23): 12938-47, 2012 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23148577

RESUMO

A three-dimensional coordination polymer, [Cu(btix)(2)(BF(4))(2)](n) [btix = 1,4-bis(triazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene], with antiferromagnetic interactions occurring via the organic ligand, has been prepared and characterized. It has been shown to permit the exchange of anionic species in the crystalline network with modification of the magnetic properties. Coordinated BF(4)(-) can be reversibly exchanged by different anions with (NO(3)(-) and Cl(-)) or without (PF(6)(-) and ClO(4)(-)) dynamic response of the organic ligand, which acts as the only linker between the metal centers. Interestingly, an irreversible exchange occurs with N(3)(-) anions to generate a new coordination polymer, [Cu(btix)(N(3))(2)](n), whose structure has been determined ab initio by powder X-ray diffraction, revealing a totally different connectivity between the Cu(II) centers. These structural transformations are accompanied by a change of the magnetic properties, which have been detected by electron paramagnetic resonance and magnetic susceptibility measurements.


Assuntos
Cobre/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Polímeros/química , Ânions/química , Cátions/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Campos Magnéticos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Polímeros/síntese química
19.
Dalton Trans ; 41(34): 10249-57, 2012 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22790017

RESUMO

New manganese compounds [Mn(HphpzMe)(2)(H(2)phpzMe)(HCO(2))] (1), [Mn(2)(phpzMe)(2)(HphpzMe)(2)(OCH(3))]·2CH(3)OH (2), Na{[Mn(HphpzPh)(phpzPh)(MeOH)(2)](2)}(HCO(2)) (3), [Mn(HphpzPh)(2)(EtOH)(2)]ClO(4)·2EtOH (4) and [Mn(HphpzPh)(2)N(3)] (5) were synthesized and characterized with various techniques. 1, 4 and 5 are mononuclear manganese(III) compounds, 2 is a mixed-valence dinuclear manganese(III/IV) compound, and 3 is a trinuclear compound containing two manganese(III) ions and a sodium(I) ion. A remarkable feature is the spontaneous formation of the formate ion as a result of the methanol or methoxide oxidation in compounds 1 and 3. Using ethanol precludes the formation of the formate and compound 4 is obtained. The molecular structure of all compounds is stabilized by supramolecular interactions, including strong hydrogen bonding and π-π interactions.

20.
Nat Commun ; 3: 828, 2012 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22569372

RESUMO

Responsive materials for which physical or chemical properties can be tuned by applying an external stimulus are attracting considerable interest in view of their potential applications as chemical switches or molecular sensors. A potential source of such materials is metal-organic frameworks. These porous coordination polymers permit the physisorption of guest molecules that can provoke subtle changes in their porous structure, thus affecting their physical properties. Here we show that the chemisorption of gaseous HCl molecules by a non-porous one-dimensional coordination polymer instigates drastic modifications in the magnetic properties of the material. These changes result from profound structural changes, involving cleavage and formation of covalent bonds, but with no disruption of crystallinity.

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