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1.
Front Chem ; 6: 231, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29971232

RESUMO

A synthetic procedure is presented to construct new magnetic polyoxometalates (POMs) containing one or two subunits of '[CoIIICo 3II (OH)3(H2O)6-m(PW9O34)]3-' (m = 3 or 5). The substitution of the water ligands present in these subunits by oxo or hydroxo ligands belonging to other POM fragments, gives rise to four, larger POM anions: [Co7(OH)6(H2O)6(PW9O34)2]9- (2), [Co7(OH)6(H2O)4(PW9O34)2] n9n- (2'), [Co11(OH)5(H2O)5(W6O24)(PW9O34)3]22- (3) and [{Co4(OH)3(H2O)(PW9O34)}2{K⊂(H2W12O41)2}{Co(H2O)4}2]17- (4). The crystal structures, magnetic characterization and stabilities in aqueous solutions of these POM derivatives are also presented.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 47(31): 10453-10462, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29789828

RESUMO

This paper reports firstly the syntheses, crystal structures, and thermal and magnetic properties of spin crossover salts of formulae [Fe(bpp)2]3[Cr(CN)6]2·13H2O (1) and [Fe(bpp)2][N(CN)2]2·H2O (2) (bpp = 2,6-bis(pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine) exhibiting hydrogen-bonded networks of low-spin [Fe(bpp)2]2+ complexes and [Cr(CN)6]3- or [N(CN)2]- anions, with solvent molecules located in the voids. Desolvation of 1 is accompanied by a complete low-spin (LS) to a high-spin (HS) transformation that becomes reversible after rehydration by exposing the sample to the humidity of air. The influence of the lattice water on the magnetic properties of spin-crossover [Fe(bpp)2]X2 complex salts has been documented. In most cases, it stabilises the LS state over the HS one. In other cases, it is rather the contrary. The second part of this paper is devoted to unravelling the reasons why the lattice solvent stabilises one form over the other through magneto-structural correlations of [Fe(bpp)2]2+ salts bearing anions with different charge/size ratios (Xn-). The [Fe(bpp)2]2+ stacking explaining these two different behaviours is correlated here with the composition of the second coordination sphere of the Fe centers and the ability of these anions to form hydrogen bonds and/or π-π stacking interactions between them or the bpp ligand.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(45): 14052-14056, 2017 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28881084

RESUMO

A dual-function material in which ferroelectricity and spin crossover coexist in the same temperature range has been obtained. Our synthetic strategy allows the construction of acentric crystal structures in a predictable way and is based on the high directionality of hydrogen bonds. The well-known iron(II) spin crossover complex [Fe(bpp)2 ]2+ (bpp=2,6-bis(pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine), a four-fold noncentrosymmetric H-bond donor, was combined with a disymmetric H-bond acceptor such as the isonicotinate (isonic) anion to afford [Fe(bpp)2 ](isonic)2 ⋅2 H2 O. This low-spin iron(II) compound crystallizes in the acentric nonpolar I4‾ space group and shows piezoelectricity and SHG properties. Upon dehydration, it undergoes a single-crystal to single-crystal structural rearrangement to a monoclinic polar Pc phase that is ferroelectric and exhibits spin crossover.

4.
Chem Sci ; 8(1): 305-315, 2017 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30294411

RESUMO

A new photoresponsive molecular polyanion in which two Fe(iii) ions are simultaneously coordinated by two [A-α-PW9O34]9- polyoxometalate units and two oxalato ligands has been obtained. When irradiated with UV light its potassium salt, 1, exhibits a remarkable photocoloration effect, attributable to the partial reduction of the POM units to give rise to a mixed-valence species. The photoinduced process is intramolecular and involves electron transfer from the oxalato ligands, which partially decompose releasing CO2, towards the Fe(iii) and the POM. This mechanism has been confirmed by DRS, IR, XPS and Mössbauer spectroscopy, magnetism and elemental analysis. An analogous derivative of 1 containing malonato ligands does not exhibit such photoactive behaviour, which is evidence that the oxalate ligand is essential for the photoactivity of 1. To our knowledge, 1 represents the first POM-based compound in which the photocoloration effect does not require the presence of intermolecular short interactions.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 52(90): 13245-13248, 2016 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27774535

RESUMO

Partial reductive hydrolysis of a penta-CoII/III cluster [Co(H2O)2(CoIIIW9O34)(PW9O34)]12- (1) leads to the formation of [Co2{Co3(H2O)(Co(OH)2W7O26)(PW9O34)}2]22- (2). This polyoxometalate is made up of two capping [PW9O34]9- units and two bridging [W7O26]10- units that assemble to encapsulate a novel deca-CoII cluster core comprising octahedral and tetrahedral CoII ions.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 45(42): 16653-16660, 2016 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27778004

RESUMO

Polyoxometalate (POM) chemistry has recently offered excellent examples of single ion magnets (SIMs) and molecular spin qubits. Compared with conventional coordination compounds, POMs provide rigid and highly symmetric coordination sites. However, all POM-based SIMs reported to date exhibit a very limited range of possibilities for chemical processability. We present herein two new families of POM-based SIMs which are soluble in organic solvents: [Ln(ß-Mo8O26)2]5- {LnIII = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm and Yb} and the functionalised POMs [Ln{Mo5O13(OMe)4NNC6H4-p-NO2}2]3- {LnIII = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Yb and Nd}. In addition, these two families represent the first SIMs based on polyoxomolybdates. A magneto-structural analysis of these families is presented, which is based on an effective crystal field model, and compared with the results reported in analogous lanthanoid SIMs based on polyoxotungstates.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 45(44): 17918-17928, 2016 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27775737

RESUMO

The paper reports the syntheses, crystal structures, thermal and (photo)magnetic properties of spin crossover salts of formula [Fe(bpp)2](C6H8O4)·4H2O (1·4H2O), [Fe(bpp)2](C8H4O4)·2CH3OH·H2O (2·2MeOH·H2O) and [Fe(bpp)2](C8H4O4)·5H2O (2·5H2O) (bpp = 2,6-bis(pyrazol-3yl)pyridine; C6H8O4 = adipate dianion; C8H4O4 = terephthalate dianion). The salts exhibit an intricate network of hydrogen bonds between low-spin iron(ii) complexes and carboxylate dianions, with solvent molecules sitting in the voids. Desolvation is accompanied by a low-spin (LS) to high-spin (HS) transformation in the materials. The dehydrated phase 2 undergoes a two-step transition with a second step showing thermal hysteresis (T1/2↑ = 139 K and T1/2↓ = 118 K). 2 displays a quantitative LS to HS photomagnetic conversion, with a T(LIESST) value of 63 K.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 55(2): 925-38, 2016 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26731303

RESUMO

Four novel cobalt-substituted polyoxometalates having cobalt cores exhibiting cubane or dicubane topologies have been synthesized and characterized by IR, elemental analysis, electrochemistry, UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray single-crystal analysis, and magnetic studies. The tetracobalt(II)-substituted polyoxometalate [Co4(OH)3(H2O)6(PW9O34)](4-) (1) consists of a trilacunary [B-α-PW9O34](9-) unit which accommodates a cubane-like {Co(II)4O4} core. In the heptacobalt(II,III)-containing polyoxometalates [Co7(OH)6(H2O)6(PW9O34)2](9-) (2), [Co7(OH)6(H2O)4(PW9O34)2]n(9n-) (3), and [Co7(OH)6(H2O)6(P2W15O56)2](15-) (4), dicubane-like {Co(II)6Co(III)O8} cores are encapsulated between two heptadentate [B-α-PW9O34](9-) (in 2 and 3) or [α-P2W15O56](15-) (in 4) ligands. While 1, 2, and 4 are discrete polyoxometalates, 3 exhibits a polymeric, chain-like structure that results from the condensation of polyoxoanions of type 2. The magnetic properties of these complexes have been fitted according to an anisotropic exchange model in the low-temperature regime and discussed on the basis of ferromagnetic interactions between Co(2+) ions with angles Co-L-Co (L = O, OH) close to orthogonality and weakly antiferromagnetic interactions between Co(2+) ions connected through central diamagnetic Co(3+) ion. Moreover, we will show the interest of the unique spin structures provided by these cubane and dicubane cobalt topologies in molecular spintronics (molecular spins addressed though an electric field) and quantum computing (spin qu-gates).

9.
Inorg Chem ; 53(18): 9976-80, 2014 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25156530

RESUMO

This paper belongs to a series of contributions aiming at establishing a general library that helps in the description of the crystal field (CF) effect of any ligand on the splitting of the J ground states of mononuclear f-element complexes. Here, the effective parameters associated with the oxo ligands (effective charges and metal-ligand distances) are extracted from the study of the magnetic properties of the first two families of single-ion magnets based on lanthanoid polyoxometalates (POMs), formulated as [Ln(W5O18)2](9-) and [Ln(ß2-SiW11O39)2](13-) (Ln = Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb). This effective CF approach provides a good description of the lowest-lying magnetic levels and the associated wave functions of the studied systems, which is fully consistent with the observed magnetic behavior. In order to demonstrate the predictive character of this model, we have extended our model in a first step to calculate the properties of the POM complexes of the early 4f-block metals. In doing so, [Nd(W5O18)2](9-) has been identified as a suitable candidate to exhibit SMM behavior. Magnetic experiments have confirmed such a prediction, demonstrating the usefulness of this strategy for the directed synthesis of new nanomagnets. Thus, with an effective barrier of 51.4 cm(-1) under an applied dc field of 1000 Oe, this is the second example of a Nd(3+)-based single-ion magnet.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 51(9): 5360-7, 2012 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22530797

RESUMO

The reaction of the croconate dianion (C(5)O(5))(2-) with a Fe(III) salt has led, unexpectedly, to the formation of the first example of a discrete Fe(II)-croconate complex without additional coligands, K(4)[Fe(C(5)O(5))(2)(H(2)O)(2)](HC(5)O(5))(2)·4H(2)O (1). 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic P2(1)/c space group and presents discrete octahedral Fe(II) complexes coordinated by two chelating C(5)O(5)(2-) anions in the equatorial plane and two trans axial water molecules. The structure can be viewed as formed by alternating layers of trans-diaquabis(croconato)ferrate(II) complexes and layers containing the monoprotonated croconate anions, HC(5)O(5)(-), and noncoordinated water molecules. Both kinds of layers are directly connected through a hydrogen bond between an oxygen atom of the coordinated dianion and the protonated oxygen atom of the noncoordinated croconate monoanion. A H-bond network is also formed between the coordinated water molecule and one oxygen atom of the coordinated croconate. This H-bond can be classified as strong-moderate being the O···O bond distance (2.771(2) Å) typical of moderate H-bonds and the O-H···O bond angle (174(3)°) typical of strong ones. This H-bond interaction leads to a quadratic regular layer where each [Fe(C(5)O(5))(2)(H(2)O)(2)](2-) anion is connected to its four neighbors in the plane through four equivalent H-bonds. From the magnetic point of view, these connections lead to an S = 2 quadratic layer. The magnetic properties of 1 have been reproduced with a 2D square lattice model for S = 2 ions with g = 2.027(2) and J = 4.59(3) cm(-1). This model reproduces quite satisfactorily its magnetic properties but only above the maximum. A better fit is obtained by considering an additional antiferromagnetic weak interlayer coupling constant (j) through a molecular field approximation with g = 2.071(7), J = 2.94(7) cm(-1), and j = -0.045(2) cm(-1) (the Hamiltonian is written as H = -JS(i)S(j)). Although this second model might still be improved since there is also an extra contribution due to the presence of ZFS in the Fe(II) ions, it confirms the presence of weak ferromagnetic Fe-Fe interactions through H-bonds in compound 1 which represents one of the rare examples of ferromagnetic coupling via H-bonds.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 51(2): 1111-26, 2012 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22220827

RESUMO

An extensive series of radical salts formed by the organic donor bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (ET), the paramagnetic tris(oxalato)ferrate(III) anion [Fe(C(2)O(4))(3)](3-), and halobenzene guest molecules has been synthesized and characterized. The change of the halogen atom in this series has allowed the study of the effect of the size and charge polarization on the crystal structures and physical properties while keeping the geometry of the guest molecule. The general formula of the salts is ET(4)[A(I)Fe(C(2)O(4))(3)]·G with A/G = H(3)O(+)/PhF (1); H(3)O(+)/PhCl (2); H(3)O(+)/PhBr (3), and K(+)/PhI (4), (crystal data at room temperature: (1) monoclinic, space group C2/c with a = 10.3123(2) Å, b = 20.0205(3) Å, c = 35.2732(4) Å, ß = 92.511(2)°, V = 7275.4(2) Å(3), Z = 4; (2) monoclinic, space group C2/c with a = 10.2899(4) Å, b = 20.026(10) Å, c = 35.411(10) Å, ß = 92.974°, V = 7287(4) Å(3), Z = 4; (3) monoclinic, space group C2/c with a = 10.2875(3) Å, b = 20.0546(15) Å, c = 35.513(2) Å, ß = 93.238(5)°, V = 7315.0(7) Å(3), Z = 4; (4) monoclinic, space group C2/c with a = 10.2260(2) Å, b = 19.9234(2) Å, c = 35.9064(6) Å, ß = 93.3664(6)°, V = 7302.83(18) Å(3), Z = 4). The crystal structures at 120 K evidence that compounds 1-3 undergo a structural transition to a lower symmetry phase when the temperature is lowered (crystal data at 120 K: (1) triclinic, space group P1 with a = 10.2595(3) Å, b = 11.1403(3) Å, c = 34.9516(9) Å, α = 89.149(2)°, ß = 86.762(2)°, γ = 62.578(3)°, V = 3539.96(19) Å(3), Z = 2; (2) triclinic, space group P1 with a = 10.25276(14) Å, b = 11.15081(13) Å, c = 35.1363(5) Å, α = 89.0829(10)°, ß = 86.5203(11)°, γ = 62.6678(13)°, V = 3561.65(8) Å(3), Z = 2; (3) triclinic, space group P1 with a = 10.25554(17) Å, b = 11.16966(18) Å, c = 35.1997(5) Å, α = 62.7251(16)°, ß = 86.3083(12)°, γ = 62.7251(16)°, V = 3575.99(10) Å(3), Z = 2; (4) monoclinic, space group C2/c with a = 10.1637(3) Å, b = 19.7251(6) Å, c = 35.6405(11) Å, ß = 93.895(3)°, V = 7128.7(4) Å(3), Z = 4). A detailed crystallographic study shows a change in the symmetry of the crystal for compound 3 at about 200 K. This structural transition arises from the partial ordering of some ethylene groups in the ET molecules and involves a slight movement of the halobenzene guest molecules (which occupy hexagonal cavities in the anionic layers) toward one of the adjacent organic layers, giving rise to two nonequivalent organic layers at 120 K (compared to only one at room temperature). The structural transition at about 200 K is also observed in the electrical properties of 1-3 and in the magnetic properties of 1. The direct current (dc) conductivity shows metallic behavior in salts 1-3 with superconducting transitions at about 4.0 and 1.0 K in salts 3 and 1, respectively. Salt 4 shows a semiconductor behavior in the temperature range 300-50 K with an activation energy of 64 meV. The magnetic measurements confirm the presence of high spin S = 5/2 [Fe(C(2)O(4))(3)](3-) isolated monomers together with a Pauli paramagnetism, typical of metals, in compounds 1-3. The magnetic properties can be very well reproduced in the whole temperature range with a simple model of isolated S = 5/2 ions with a zero field splitting plus a temperature independent paramagnetism (Nα) with the following parameters: g = 1.965, |D| = 0.31 cm(-1), and Nα = 1.5 × 10(-3) emu mol(-1) for 1, g = 2.024, |D| = 0.65 cm(-1), and Nα = 1.4 × 10(-3) emu mol(-1) for 2, and g = 2.001, |D| = 0.52 cm(-1), and Nα = 1.5 × 10(-3) emu mol(-1) for 3.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 50(16): 7370-2, 2011 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21751792

RESUMO

The terdentate anionic picolinate-based nitronyl nitroxide (picNN) free radical forms neutral and robust homoleptic complexes with rare earth-metal ions. The nonacoordinated Tb(3+) complex Tb(picNN)(3)·6H(2)O is a single-molecule magnet with an activation energy barrier Δ = 22.8 ± 0.5 K and preexponential factor τ(0) = (5.5 ± 1.1) × 10(-9) s. It shows magnetic hysteresis below 1 K.


Assuntos
Magnetismo , Doadores de Óxido Nítrico/química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Ácidos Picolínicos/química , Térbio/química , Radicais Livres/química , Quelantes de Ferro/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular
13.
Inorg Chem ; 49(2): 386-96, 2010 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19877595

RESUMO

The preparation, magnetic characterization, and X-ray structures of two polycationic Mn(12) single-molecule magnets [Mn(12)O(12)(bet)(16)(EtOH)(4)](PF(6))(14).4CH(3)CN.H(2)O (1) and [Mn(12)O(12)(bet)(16)(EtOH)(3)(H(2)O)](PF(6))(13)(OH).6CH(3)CN.EtOH.H(2)O (2) (bet = betaine = (CH(3))(3)N(+)-CH(2)-CO(2)(-)) are reported. 1 crystallizes in the centrosymmetric P2/c space group and presents a (0:2:0:2) arrangement of the EtOH molecules in its structure. 2 crystallizes in the noncentrosymmetric P4 space group with two distinct Mn(12) polycations, [Mn(12)O(12)(bet)(16)(EtOH)(2)(H(2)O)(2)](14+) (2A) and [Mn(12)O(12)(bet)(16)(EtOH)(4)](14+) (2B) per unit cell. 2A and 2B show a (1:1:1:1) distribution of the coordinated solvent molecules. Interestingly, bond valence sum calculations extracted from X-ray diffraction data indicate the presence of two Mn(2+) ions in the Mn(12) core for both 1 and 2. This finding is confirmed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements. A complete magnetic characterization, including subkelvin micro-SQUID magnetometry and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements, permits to extract the parameters of the giant spin Hamiltonian of these polycations. Compared with the archetypal Mn(12) acetate, an increase in the value of the ground spin state from S = 10 to S = 11 together with a decrease in the effective energy barrier, is observed for 1 and 2. Such a result is consistent with the reduction of two Mn(3+) to the less anisotropic Mn(2+) ion in the structures.

14.
Inorg Chem ; 48(23): 11314-24, 2009 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19874008

RESUMO

The synthesis, crystal structure, and physical characterization of two new radical salts formed by the organic donors bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (ET) and bis(ethylenediseleno)tetrathiafulvalene (BETS) and the Keggin polyoxometalate (POM) [SMo(12)O(40)](n-) are reported. The salts isolated are ET(8)[SMo(12)O(40)] x 10 H(2)O (1) (crystal data: (1) monoclinic, space group I2/m with a = 13.9300(10) A, b = 43.467(3) A, c = 13.9929(13) A, beta = 107.979(6) degrees, V = 8058.9(11) A(3), Z = 2) and BETS(8)[SMo(12)O(40)] x 10 H(2)O (2) (crystal data: monoclinic, space group I2/m with a = 14.0878(2) A, b = 44.1010(6) A, c = 14.0930(2) A, beta = 106.739(3) degrees, V = 8384.8 A(3), Z = 2). Both compounds are isostructural and consist of alternating layers of the organic donors (with an alpha or theta(42+40) packing mode) and POM anions. The structural data, as well as the magnetic susceptibility, ESR measurements, and band structure calculations, indicate that the Keggin POMs have been reduced by one electron in 1 and by two electrons in 2, leading to the POMs [SMo(12)O(40)](3-) and [SMo(12)O(40)](4-) in 1 and 2, respectively. At ambient pressure 1 is a classical semiconductor with a room temperature conductivity of about 1 S cm(-1) and an activation energy of about 130 meV. Salt 2 also exhibits an activated behavior although it does not follow a classical semiconducting regime. The conductivity of 2 under applied pressure shows an enhanced conductivity, in agreement with the analysis of the electronic structure, although no metallic behavior is detected below about 10 kbar.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 48(7): 2865-72, 2009 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19249852

RESUMO

We report on the syntheses, crystal structures, and magnetic properties of two cyano-bridged molecular assemblies: [Cu(II)(phen)(3)](2){[Cu(II)(phen)(2)](2)[W(V)(CN)(8)](2)}(ClO(4))(2) x 10 H(2)O (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) (1) and {[Cu(II)(bpy)(2)](2)[W(V)(CN)(8)]} {[Cu(II)(bpy)(2)][W(V)(CN)(8)]} x 4 H(2)O (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridyl) (2). Compound 1 consists of cyano-bridged [Cu(II)(2)W(V)(2)](2-) molecular rectangles and isolated [Cu(II)(phen)(3)](2+) complexes. The molecular structure of 2 reveals cyano-bridged trinuclear [Cu(II)(2)W(V)](+) and dinuclear [Cu(II)W(V)](-) ions. Magnetic interactions in 1 are interpreted in terms of the model of a tetranuclear moiety consisting of two ferromagnetic Cu(II)-NC-W(V) units (J(1) = +39(4) cm(-1)) interacting antiferromagnetically (J(2) = -1.6(4) cm(-1)). The analysis of the magnetic response of 2 reveals ferromagnetic interaction within the [Cu(II)-NC-W(V)-CN-Cu(II)](+) and [Cu(II)-NC-W(V)](-) isolated units, characterized by J = +35(7) cm(-1) and antiferromagnetic coupling between them (4J' = -0.30(8) cm(-1)). The discussion of the magnetic behavior and the correlation of the J(CuW) parameters with the geometry of cyano bridges at copper(II) centers of 1 and 2 is based on the DFT calculations, which yield J(av) = +13.2 cm(-1) for 1 and J = +31 cm(-1) for 2. The domination of the ferromagnetic Cu(II)-NC-W(V) interaction in 1 and 2 originates from the mutual orthogonality of natural magnetic orbitals in the case of coordination of cyano bridges at the equatorial sites of Cu(II) moieties.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 48(5): 2205-14, 2009 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19235980

RESUMO

A nitronyl nitroxide free radical containing an appended picolinate moiety was synthesized. The resulting tridentate ligand picNN forms neutral mononuclear metal complexes of formula [M(picNN)(2)].3H(2)O (M = Mn, Co, Ni, Zn). These compounds are isostructural and crystallize in the orthorhombic Pnna space group. The metal complexes have a C(2) symmetric structure, with the metal centers lying on the binary axis and surrounded by two equivalent picNN radicals. The magnetic properties of this family of compounds indicate the presence of very strong metal-radical exchange interactions, ranging from J(Ni-rad) = -193 cm(-1) to J(Mn-rad) = -98 cm(-1). Relatively weak (J(rad-rad) = -15 cm(-1)) through-space magnetic interactions between free radicals coordinated to the same metal center were also evidenced in the study of the diamagnetic zinc(II) complex. Complexation with Cu(2+) affords the carboxylate-bridged tetranuclear copper(II) complex [Cu(4)(picNN)(4)(H(2)O)(4)](ClO(4))(4).4H(2)O having eight interacting S = 1/2 spins in a cyclic topology. The antiferromagnetic copper-radical exchange interaction (J(Cu-rad) = -268 cm(-1)) is one of the largest ever reported.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 46(11): 4446-57, 2007 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17465539

RESUMO

The paramagnetic and chiral anion [Fe(C5O5)3]3- (C5O52-=croconate) has been combined with the organic donor BEDT-TTF (=ET=bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene) to synthesize a novel paramagnetic semiconductor with the first chirality-induced alpha phase, alpha-(BEDT-TTF)5[Fe(C5O5)3].5H2O (1), and one of the few known paramagnetic molecular metals, beta-(BEDT-TTF)5[Fe(C5O5)3].C6H5CN (2). Both compounds present layers of BEDT-TTF molecules, with the alpha or beta packing modes, alternating with layers containing the high-spin S=5/2 Fe(III) anions and solvent molecules. In the alpha phase, the alternation of the chiral [Fe(C5O5)3]3- anions along the direction perpendicular to the BEDT-TTF chains induces an alternation of the tilt angle of the BEDT-TTF molecules, giving rise to the observed alpha phase. The alpha phase presents a semiconductor behavior with a high room-temperature conductivity (6 S.cm-1) and an activation energy of 116 meV. The beta phase presents a metallic behavior down to ca. 120 K, where a charge localization takes place with a reentrance to the metallic state below ca. 20 K followed by a metal-semiconductor transition at ca. 10 K. The magnetic properties are dominated by the paramagnetic S=5/2 [Fe(C5O5)3]3- anion with an extra Pauli-type paramagnetism in the metallic beta phase. The ESR spectra confirm the presence of the high-spin Fe(III)-containing anion and show a progressive localization in the organic sublattice along with an antiferromagnetic coupling below ca. 120 K that, in the metallic beta phase, could be at the origin of the transition from the metallic to the activated conductivity regime. The correlation between crystal structure and conductivity behavior has been studied by means of tight-binding band structure calculations which provide a rationalization of the charge distribution and conductivity results.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 45(26): 10815-24, 2006 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17173441

RESUMO

The synthesis, crystal structure, and physical characterization of five new radical salts formed by the organic donor bis(ethylenediseleno)tetrathiafulvalene (BEST) and the paramagnetic tris(oxalato)metalate anions [M(C2O4)3]3- (M = FeIII and CrIII) are reported. The salts isolated are (BEST)4[M(C2O4)3].PhCOOH.H2O with MIII = Cr (1) or Fe (2) (crystal data: 1, triclinic, space group P(-)1 with a = 14.0999(4) A, b = 15.3464(4) A, c =19.5000(4) A, alpha = 76.711(5) degrees, beta = 71.688(5) degrees, gamma = 88.545(5) degrees, V = 3893.5(2) A3, and Z = 2; 2, triclinic, space group P(-)1 with a = 14.0326(3) A, b =15.1981(4) A, c =19.4106(4) A, alpha = 76.739(5) degrees, beta = 71.938(5) degrees, gamma = 88.845(5) degrees, V = 3824.9(2) A3, and Z = 2), (BEST)4[M(C2O4)3].1.5H2O with MIII = Cr (3) or Fe (4) (crystal data: 3, monoclinic, space group C2/m with a = 33.7480(10) A, b =12.3151(7) A, c = 8.8218(5) A, beta = 99.674(5) degrees, V = 3614.3(3) A3, and Z = 2; 4, monoclinic, space group C2/m with a = 33.659(6) A, b =12.248(2) A, c = 8.759(2) A, beta = 99.74(3) degrees, V = 3558.9(12) A3, and Z = 2), and (BEST)9[Fe(C2O4)3]2.7H2O (5) (crystal data: triclinic, space group P(-)1 with a =12.6993(3) A, b =18.7564(4) A, c = 18.7675(4) A, alpha = 75.649(5) degrees, beta = 107.178(5) degrees, gamma = 79.527(5) degrees, V = 3977.5(3) A3, and Z = 1). The structures of all these salts consist of alternating layers of the organic donors and tris(oxalato)metalate anions. In 1 and 2 the anionic layers contain also benzoic acid molecules H-bonded to the terminal oxygen atoms of the anions. In all salts the organic layers adopt beta-type packings. Along the parallel stacks the donors form dimers in 3 and 4, trimers in 5, and tetramers in 1 and 2. All the compounds are paramagnetic semiconductors with high room-temperature conductivities and magnetic susceptibilities dominated by the Fe- or Cr-containing anions.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; (47): 4931-3, 2006 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17136251

RESUMO

The novel paramagnetic and chiral anion [Fe(C5O5)3]3- has been combined with the organic donor BEDT-TTF (= ET = bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene) to yield the first chirality-induced alpha phase and a paramagnetic metal.


Assuntos
Ciclopentanos/química , Compostos Férricos/química , Ferro/química , Magnetismo , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Temperatura
20.
Inorg Chem ; 44(10): 3389-95, 2005 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15877418

RESUMO

The magnetic exchange interactions in a C0(3)(11) moiety encapsulated in Na(17) [(NaOH(2))Co(3)(H(2)O)(P(2)W(15)O(56))(2)] (NaCo(3)) were studied by a combination of magnetic measurements (magnetic susceptibility and low-temperature magnetization), with a detailed Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) investigation. The novel structure of the salt was determined by X-ray crystallography. The ferromagnetic Co(3)O(14) triangular cluster core consists of three octahedrally oxo-coordinated Co(II) ions sharing edges. According to the single-ion anisotropy and spin-orbit coupling usually assumed for octahedral Co(II) ions, the appropiate exchange Hamiltonian to describe the ground-state properties of the isosceles triangular Co(3) spin cluster is anisotropic and is expressed as H = - 2sigma(alpha)(=)(x,y,z)(J(alpha)(12)S(1alpha)S(2alpha) + J(alpha)(23)S(2alpha)S(3alpha) + J(alpha)(13)S(1alpha)S(3alpha)), where J(alpha) are the components of the exchange interactions between the Co(II) ions. To reproduce the INS data, nonparallel anisotropic exchange tensors needed to be introduced, which were directly connected to the molecular symmetry of the complex. The following range of parameters (value +/- 0.5 cm(-1)) was found to reproduce all experimental information while taking magnetostructural relations into account: J(x)(12) = J(y)(13) = 8.6 cm(-1); J(y)(12) = J(x)(13) = 1.4 cm(-1); J(z)(12) = J(z)(13) = 10.0 cm(-1); J(x)(23) = J(y)(23) = 6.5 cm(-1) and = 3.4 cm(-1).

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