Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 104
Filtrar
1.
Brain Sci ; 11(12)2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34942935

RESUMO

The upper extremities limitation represents one of the essential functional impairments in patients with cervical spinal cord injury. Electromechanics assisted devices and robots are increasingly used in neurorehabilitation to help functional improvement in patients with neurological diseases. This review aimed to systematically report the evidence-based, state-of-art on clinical applications and robotic-assisted arm training (RAT) in motor and functional recovery in subjects affected by cervical spinal cord injury. The present study has been carried out within the framework of the Italian Consensus Conference on "Rehabilitation assisted by robotic and electromechanical devices for persons with disability of neurological origin" (CICERONE). PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) databases were systematically searched from inception to September 2021. The 10-item PEDro scale assessed the study quality for the RCT and the AMSTAR-2 for the systematic review. Two different authors rated the studies included in this review. If consensus was not achieved after discussion, a third reviewer was interrogated. The five-item Oxford CEBM scale was used to rate the level of evidence. A total of 11 studies were included. The selected studies were: two systematic reviews, two RCTs, one parallel-group controlled trial, one longitudinal intervention study and five case series. One RCT was scored as a high-quality study, while the systematic review was of low quality. RAT was reported as feasible and safe. Initial positive effects of RAT were found for arm function and quality of movement in addition to conventional therapy. The high clinical heterogeneity of treatment programs and the variety of robot devices could severely affect the generalizability of the study results. Therefore, future studies are warranted to standardize the type of intervention and evaluate the role of robotic-assisted training in subjects affected by cervical spinal cord injury.

2.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(11)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34833383

RESUMO

Early osteoarthritis (EOA) still represents a challenge for clinicians. Although there is no consensus on its definition and diagnosis, a prompt therapeutic intervention in the early stages can have a significant impact on function and quality of life. Exercise remains a core treatment for EOA; however, several physical modalities are commonly used in this population. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of physical agents in the treatment of EOA. A technical expert panel (TEP) of 8 medical specialists with expertise in physical agent modalities and musculoskeletal conditions performed the review following the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews) model. The TEP searched for evidence of the following physical modalities in the management of EOA: "Electric Stimulation Therapy", "Pulsed Electromagnetic field", "Low-Level Light Therapy", "Laser Therapy", "Magnetic Field Therapy", "Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy", "Hyperthermia, Induced", "Cryotherapy", "Vibration therapy", "Whole Body Vibration", "Physical Therapy Modalities". We found preclinical and clinical data on transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT), low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), pulsed electromagnetic fields stimulation (PEMF), and whole-body vibration (WBV) for the treatment of knee EOA. We found two clinical studies about TENS and PEMF and six preclinical studies-three about ESWT, one about WBV, one about PEMF, and one about LIPUS. The preclinical studies demonstrated several biological effects on EOA of physical modalities, suggesting potential disease-modifying effects. However, this role should be better investigated in further clinical studies, considering the limited data on the use of these interventions for EOA patients.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Terapia de Campo Magnético , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Qualidade de Vida
3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(10)2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684077

RESUMO

Muscle injuries occur frequently in athletes, accounting for more than one-third of sport-related trauma. Athletes most affected by these injuries are those practicing football and track and field, with hamstrings and gastrocnemius-soleus as the mainly involved sites. Muscle injuries lead to loss of competitions, long recovery times and risk of re-injury with a consequent increase of the management costs. It is therefore advisable to make an accurate and timely diagnosis to establish appropriate interventions for proper healing in the shortest time. In this context, ultrasound imaging is widely used for diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders because of several advantages including absence of radiation, portability, good spatial resolution, and the ability to perform dynamic tests. The aim of this review is to address the role of US in the evaluation of athletes with muscle injuries. US may play a pivotal role for the management of sport-related muscle injuries because it is fast and relatively cheap, allowing dynamic muscle assessment and time series evaluation of the healing process.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol Americano , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(10)2021 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34684155

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Sport-related musculoskeletal injuries (MSK-Is) are a common health issue in athletes that can lead to reduced performance. The aim of this scoping review was to synthetize available evidence on injury incidence rates (IIRs), types, and sites that affect the musculoskeletal (MSK) system of adult athletes. Materials and Methods: We performed a scoping review on the Pubmed database limiting our search to 33 Olympic sports. Results: We identified a total of 1022 papers, and of these 162 were examined in full for the purpose of this review. Archery was the sport with the highest risk of injuries to the upper extremities, marathons for the lower extremities, and triathlon and weightlifting for the body bust. In the majority of the sports examined, muscle/tendon strain and ligament sprain were the most common MSK-Is diagnoses, while athletics, karate, and football were the sports with the highest IIRs, depending on the methods used for their calculations. Conclusions: Our scoping review highlighted the general lack and dishomogeneity in the collection of data on MSK-Is in athletes.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Futebol Americano , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Futebol , Adulto , Atletas , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência
5.
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 57(5): 841-849, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547886

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence on the efficacy of gait robotic rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), but most of the studies have focused on gait parameters. Moreover, clear indications on the clinical use of robotics still lack. As part of the CICERONE Italian Consensus on Robotic Rehabilitation, the aim of this systematic review was to investigate the existing evidence concerning the role of lower limb robotic rehabilitation in improving functional recovery in patients with MS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched for and systematically reviewed evidence-based studies on gait robotic rehabilitation in MS, between January 1st, 2010 and December 31st, 2020, in the following databases: Cochrane Library, PEDro, PubMed and Google Scholar. The study quality was assessed by the 16-item assessment of multiple systematic reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2) and the 10-item PEDro scale for the other research studies. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: After an accurate screening, only 17 papers were included in the review, and most of them (13 RCT) had a level II evidence. Most of the studies used the Lokomat as a grounded robotic device, two investigated the efficacy of end-effectors and two powered exoskeletons. Generally speaking, robotic treatment has beneficial effects on gait speed, endurance and balance with comparable outcomes to those of conventional treatments. However, in more severe patients (EDSS >6), robotics leads to better functional outcomes. Notably, after gait training with robotics (especially when coupled to virtual reality) MS patients also reach better non-motor outcomes, including spasticity, fatigue, pain, psychological well-being and quality of life. Unfortunately, no clinical indications emerge on the treatment protocols. CONCLUSIONS: The present comprehensive systematic review highlights the potential beneficial role on functional outcomes of the lower limb robotic devices in people with MS. Future studies are warranted to evaluate the role of robotics not only for walking and balance outcomes, but also for other gait-training-related benefits, to identify appropriate outcome measures related to a specific subgroup of MS subjects' disease severity.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Esclerose Múltipla , Marcha , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
6.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34573938

RESUMO

Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I)-or algodystrophy-is a rare disease that usually occurs after a traumatic event. It is characterized by typical clinical findings such as severe and disabling pain disproportionate to the injury, functional limitations, as well as sensory and vasomotor alterations. However, some people do not report any injury associated with algodystrophy onset in personal history. We describe the management of an unusual case of CRPS I which occurred during the long-term follow-up of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and performed a narrative review of algodystrophy in non-orthopedic surgery. A clinical case of a 44-year-old man with a spontaneous onset of CRPS I of the right ankle is presented. He did not refer to history of any memorable significant trigger event. Approximately 5 months before the onset of clinical manifestations, he received a PTCA via the right femoral approach. We suppose an association between CRPS and this procedure and propose a possible pathophysiologic mechanism. The patient was treated with intramuscular neridronate, which resulted in significant pain relief and improved his quality of life. A comprehensive clinical and instrumental evaluation in patients with CRPS is challenging but mandatory for a correct diagnosis. An extensive analysis of patient history is important for identifying any potential trigger event, including non-orthopedic procedures. Bone scan could have a pivotal role for improving diagnostic sensitivity and specificity in CRPS I. Neridronate was a safe and effective therapeutic approach for this patient, confirming the results of the high-quality evidence available.

7.
NeuroRehabilitation ; 49(3): 511-513, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental practice, which is proposed for the rehabilitation of people post-stroke, is a training method based on the repetition of the internal representation of a movement or a task with the aim of improving the performance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this commentary is to discuss Cochrane evidence on the efficacy of mental practice in improving upper extremity functioning in people with hemiparesis after stroke. METHODS: To summarize and discuss from a rehabilitation perspective the published Cochrane Review "Mental practice for treating upper extremity deficits in individuals with hemiparesis after stroke" by Barclay et al.RESULTS:This Cochrane Review included 25 studies involving 676 people with hemiparesis after stroke. The authors analysed the following two comparisons: mental practice versus conventional therapy and mental practice in addition to other treatment versus other treatment (±placebo). CONCLUSIONS: Mental practice in addition to other treatment, compared with other treatment, probably improves upper extremity activity and function in people with hemiparesis after stroke.


Assuntos
Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Paresia/etiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Extremidade Superior
8.
NeuroRehabilitation ; 49(3): 481-489, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with Parkinson disease (PD), severe postural and gait impairments are rarely observed in early stage of disease and non-motor symptoms (NMS) are often overlooked. OBJECTIVE: This observational study aimed to characterize the impact of non-motor impairments on walking kinematics in early stages PD patients, and to assess the differences of gait parameters and NMS between PD patients with and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with Modified Hoehn and Yahr Scale score≤2 were evaluated for NMS using Kings Parkinson's Pain Scale, Parkinson Fatigue Severity scale, Parkinson Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression Inventory and Epworth Sleepiness Scale, kinematic parameters through an inertial sensor and cognitive performance by a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. RESULTS: Fatigue had a moderate negative correlation with step cadence, and a moderate to strong positive correlation with gait duration, Timed Up and Go (TUG) and TUG Dual Task (p < 0.01). Pain showed positive moderate correlation with gait duration (p < 0.01). Twelve patients resulted affected by MCI and reported significantly worse scores in gait duration, pain and fatigue (p < 0.05). According to cognitive z scores, PD-MCI group showed a moderate negative correlation between visuospatial abilities and fatigue (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: NMS significantly affect walking kinematics whereas a limited role of cognitive status on motor performance occur in the early PD stages.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Doença de Parkinson , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estudos Transversais , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/etiologia , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Caminhada
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247473

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fractures have been identified as one of the 20 major health conditions for the World Health Organization's (WHO) Package of Interventions for Rehabilitation (PIR) - that includes also the needs of children and youth. The identification of existing interventions for rehabilitation and related evidence is a crucial step along the development of the PIR. The methods for the identification have been developed by WHO Rehabilitation Programme and Cochrane Rehabilitation under the guidance of WHO's Guideline Review Committee Secretariat. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This paper is part of the "Best Evidence for Rehabilitation" (be4rehab) series, developed according to the methodology presented in the PIR introductory paper (Rauch, 2019). It is a systematic review of the existing Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) on fractures in pediatric population published between 2009 to 2019. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: We identified 7 relevant CPGs after title and abstract screening. According to inclusion/exclusion criteria and after checking for quality, publication time, multidisciplinarity and comprehensiveness, we have been able to include 2 CPGs: one addresses the treatment of supracondylar humerus fractures and the other provides recommendations on the treatment of diaphyseal femur fractures. CONCLUSIONS: The selected CPGs on the management of supracondylar humerus and diaphyseal femur fractures in pediatric population include few recommendations considered as interventions for rehabilitation, of low quality of evidence and weak strength. We found several gaps in specific rehabilitative topics. High quality studies are absolutely needed to upgrade the quality of available evidence to inform future development of guidelines.

10.
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 57(5): 824-830, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128606

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted Arm Therapy (RAT) has been increasingly applied in the last years for promoting functional recovery in patients with disabilities related to neurological health conditions. Evidence of a knowledge-to-action gap for applying robot-assisted technologies in the rehabilitation of patients with neurological health conditions and the difficulty to apply and tailor the knowledge to the local contexts solicited the need for a national consensus conference on these interventions. AIM: The aim of this paper was to explain the methodology used by the working group dedicated to synthesizing evidence on the effectiveness of RAT in neurological health conditions in the context of the CICERONE Italian Consensus Conference. DESIGN: The methodological approach of the working group. SETTING: All rehabilitation settings. POPULATION: Patients with disability following a neurological health condition. METHODS: Following the indications proposed by the Methodological Manual published by the Italian National Institute of Health, a Promoting Committee and a Technical Scientific Committee have been set up. Six working groups (WGs) have been composed to collect evidence on different questions, among which WG2.2 was focused on the effectiveness of RAT in neurological health conditions. RESULTS: WG2.2 started its work defining the specific research questions. It was decided to adopt the ICF as the reference framework for the reporting of all outcomes. Literature search, data extraction and qualitative assessment, evidence analysis and synthesis have been performed. CONCLUSIONS: This paper summarized the methodological approaches used by the WG2.2 of the CICERONE Italian Consensus Conference to define the effectiveness of RAT in the management of patients with neurological health conditions. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: WG2.2 synthesis might help clinicians, researchers, and all rehabilitation stakeholders to address the use of RAT in the Individualized Rehabilitation Plan, to guide the allocation of resources and define clinical protocols and indications for the management of patients with different neurological health conditions.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Robótica , Braço , Consenso , Humanos , Itália
11.
BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil ; 13(1): 60, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are leading causes of mortality. These conditions are also known as chronic diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. Physical activity (PA) is a main factor to delay symptoms and consequences of NCDs. In last decades, reduced physical exercise has been observed across all ages. Despite educational campaigns aimed at modifying unhealthy habits, it is difficult to promote healthy lifestyles in general population. Poor interest, lack of motivation, as well as career and family commitments hinder people's participation in regular PA programs. In this study we propose a theoretical person-centred approach to actively involve general population in enhancing their opportunity to perform PA based on personalized needs and targets. METHODS: We defined four profiles of baseline PA levels (inactive, moderately inactive, moderately active, and active people) by referring to Metabolic equivalents (METs) based on individual answers to General Practice Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPPAQ). RESULTS: Based on the answers to the GPPAQ and by computing the related METs for each profile of baseline exercise levels, we developed an innovative person-centered web-based algorithm/function for enhancing and measuring PA participation in community settings. This function can compute evidence-based standardized profiles of participants, personalized goals of PA being functional to the purpose of maintaining or gaining health benefits, as well as the type and duration of PA needed to reach these goals. CONCLUSION: It might be speculated that this approach would be a reliable method for increasing people's self-efficacy and population adherence to recommended levels of PA. However, this theoretical proposal requires to be implemented in further research.

12.
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 57(5): 831-840, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042413

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The rapid development of electromechanical and robotic devices has profoundly influenced neurorehabilitation. Growth in the scientific and technological aspects thereof is crucial for increasing the number of newly developed devices, and clinicians have welcomed such growth with enthusiasm. Nevertheless, improving the standard for the reporting clinical, technical, and normative aspects of such electromechanical and robotic devices remains an unmet need in neurorehabilitation. Accordingly, this study aimed to analyze the existing literature on electromechanical and robotic devices used in neurorehabilitation, considering the current clinical, technical, and regulatory classification systems. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Within the CICERONE Consensus Conference framework, studies on electromechanical and robotic devices used for upper- and lower-limb rehabilitation in persons with neurological disabilities in adulthood and childhood were reviewed. We have conducted a literature search using the following databases: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PeDro, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. Clinical, technical, and regulatory classification systems were applied to collect information on the electromechanical and robotic devices. The study designs and populations were investigated. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Overall, 316 studies were included in the analysis. More than half (52%) of the studies were randomised controlled trials (RCTs). The population investigated the most suffered from strokes, followed by spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and traumatic brain injuries. In total, 100 devices were described; of these, 19% were certified with the CE mark. Overall, the main type of device was an exoskeleton. However, end-effector devices were primarily used for the upper limbs, whereas exoskeletons were used for the lower limbs (for both children and adults). CONCLUSIONS: The current literature on robotic neurorehabilitation lacks detailed information regarding the technical characteristics of the devices used. This affects the understanding of the possible mechanisms underlying recovery. Unfortunately, many electromechanical and robotic devices are not provided with CE marks, strongly hindering the research on the clinical outcomes of rehabilitation treatments based on these devices. A more significant effort is needed to improve the description of the robotic devices used in neurorehabilitation in terms of the technical and functional details, along with high-quality RCT studies.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Reabilitação Neurológica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Extremidade Superior
13.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 18(6): 513-522, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960257

RESUMO

Introduction: In rehabilitation practice, the term 'feedback' is often improperly used, with augmented feedback and biofeedback frequently confused, especially when referring to the human-machine interaction during technologically assisted training. The absence of a clear differentiation between these categories represents an unmet need for rehabilitation, emphasized by the advent of new technologies making extensive use of video feedback, exergame, and virtual reality.Area covered: In this review we tried to present scientific knowledge about feedback, biofeedback, augmented feedback and neurofeedback, and related differences in rehabilitation settings, for a more proper use of this terminology. Despite the continuous expansion of the field, few researches clarify the differences among these terms. This scoping review was conducted through the searching of current literature up to May 2020, using following databases: PUBMED, EMBASE and Web of Science. After literature search a classification system, distinguishing feedback, augmented feedback, and biofeedback, was applied.Expert opinion: There is a need for clear definitions of feedback, biofeedback, augmented feedback, and neurofeedback in rehabilitation, especially in the technologically assisted one based on human-machine interaction. In fact, the fast development of new technologies requires to be based on solid concepts and on a common terminology shared among bioengineers and clinicians.


Assuntos
Biorretroalimentação Psicológica , Realidade Virtual , Retroalimentação , Humanos
14.
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 57(3): 460-471, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947828

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the third leading cause of adult disability worldwide, and lower extremity motor impairment is one of the major determinants of long-term disability. Although robotic therapy is becoming more and more utilized in research protocols for lower limb stroke rehabilitation, the gap between research evidence and its use in clinical practice is still significant. The aim of this study was to determine the scope, quality, and consistency of guidelines for robotic lower limb rehabilitation after stroke, in order to provide clinical recommendations. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We systematically reviewed stroke rehabilitation guideline recommendations between January 1, 2010 and October 31, 2020. We explored electronic databases (N.=4), guideline repositories and professional rehabilitation networks (N.=12). Two independent reviewers used the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument, and brief syntheses were used to evaluate and compare the different recommendations, considering only the most recent version. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: From the 1219 papers screened, ten eligible guidelines were identified from seven different regions/countries. Four of the included guidelines focused on stroke management, the other six on stroke rehabilitation. Robotic rehabilitation is generally recommended to improve lower limb motor function, including gait and strength. Unfortunately, there is still no consensus about the timing, frequency, training session duration and the exact characteristics of subjects who could benefit from robotics. CONCLUSIONS: Our systematic review shows that the introduction of robotic rehabilitation in standard treatment protocols seems to be the future of stroke rehabilitation. However, robot assisted gait training (RAGT) for stroke needs to be improved with new solutions and in clinical practice guidelines, especially in terms of applicability.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/reabilitação , Robótica/métodos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
15.
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 57(2): 303-308, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971699

RESUMO

During its fourth year of existence, Cochrane Rehabilitation went on to promote evidence-informed health decision-making in rehabilitation. In 2020, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has made it necessary to alter priorities. In these challenging times, Cochrane Rehabilitation has firstly changed its internal organisation and established a new relevant project in line with pandemic needs: the REH-COVER (Rehabilitation - COVID-19 evidence-based response) action. The aim was to focus on the timely collection, review and dissemination of summarised and synthesised evidence relating to COVID-19 and rehabilitation. Cochrane Rehabilitation REH-COVER action has included in 2020 five main initiatives: 1) rapid living systematic reviews on rehabilitation and COVID-19; 2) interactive living evidence map on rehabilitation and COVID-19; 3) definition of the research topics on "rehabilitation and COVID-19" in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) rehabilitation programme; 4) Cochrane Library special collection on Coronavirus (COVID-19) rehabilitation; and 5) collaboration with COVID-END for the topics "rehabilitation" and "disability." Furthermore, we are still carrying on five different special projects: Be4rehab; RCTRACK; definition of rehabilitation for research purposes; ebook project; and a prioritization exercise for Cochrane Reviews production. The Review Working Area continued to identify and "tag" the rehabilitation-relevant reviews published in the Cochrane library; the Publication Working Area went on to publish Cochrane Corners, working more closely with the Cochrane Review Groups (CRGs) and Cochrane Networks, particularly with Cochrane Musculoskeletal, Oral, Skin and Sensory Network; the Education Working Area, the most damaged in 2020, tried to continue performing educational activities such as workshops in different online meetings; the Methodology Working Area organized the third and fourth Cochrane Rehabilitation Methodological (CRM) meetings respectively in Milan and Orlando; the Communication Working Area spread rehabilitation evidences through different channels and translated the contents in different languages.


Assuntos
COVID-19/reabilitação , Tomada de Decisões , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
16.
NeuroRehabilitation ; 48(4): 571-573, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Familial amyloid polyneuropathies (FAPs) are a group of rare autosomal dominant transmitted disorders that can progressively lead to disability from neuropathy, autonomic failure and other system involvement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this commentary is to discuss Cochrane evidence on the efficacy and safety of disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) for the treatment of FAPs from a rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: To summarize and discuss from a rehabilitation perspective the published Cochrane Review "Pharmacological treatment for familial amyloid polyneuropathy" by Magrinelli et al.RESULTS:This Cochrane review included 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving 655 adults with FAP. These four trials compared four different DMDs with placebo. The Cochrane Systematic Review reported that current evidence is limited. CONCLUSIONS: FAPs are a group of chronic disabling conditions in which a multidisciplinary approach, including an adequate rehabilitation programme along with a long-term effective pharmacological therapy, should always be envisaged.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares , Adulto , Humanos
17.
Eur J Phys Rehabil Med ; 57(3): 472-477, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826278

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postural instability is a cardinal feature of Parkinson's disease, together with rest tremor, rigidity and bradykinesia. It is a highly disabling symptom that becomes increasingly common with disease progression and represents a major source of reduced quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease. Rehabilitation aims to enable patients with Parkinson's disease to maintain their maximum level of mobility, activity and independence. To date, a wide range of rehabilitation approaches has been employed to treat postural instability in Parkinson's disease, including robotic training. Our main aim was to conduct a systematic review of current literature about the effects of robot-assisted gait training on postural instability in patients with Parkinson's disease. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search using the following MeSH terms "Parkinson disease," "postural balance," "robotics," "rehabilitation" AND string "robotics [mh]" OR "robot-assisted" OR "electromechanical" AND "rehabilitation [mh]" OR "training" AND "postural balance [mh]" was conducted on PubMed, Cochrane Library and Pedro electronic databases. Full text articles in English published up to December 2020 were included. Data about patient characteristics, robotic devices, treatment procedures and outcome measures were considered. Every included article got checked for quality. Level of evidence was defined for all studies. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Three authors independently extracted and verified data. In total, 18 articles (2 systematic reviews, 9 randomized controlled trials, 4 uncontrolled studies and 3 case series/case reports) were included. Both end-effector and exoskeleton devices were investigated as to robot-assisted gait training modalities. No clear relationship between treatment parameters and clinical conditions was observed. We found a high level of evidence about the effects of robot-assisted gait training on balance and freezing of gait in patients with Parkinson's disease. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides to the reader a complete overview of current literature and levels of evidence about the effects of robot-assisted gait training on postural instability issues (static and dynamic balance, freezing of gait, falls, confidence in activities of daily living and gait parameters related to balance skills) in patients with Parkinson's disease.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/reabilitação , Doença de Parkinson/reabilitação , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Robótica/métodos , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(5)2021 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several pharmacological therapeutic approaches have been proposed to manage osteoarthritis (OA), including intra-articular (IA) injections. Although the discovery of clodronate, a bisphosphonate, dates back to the 1960s and the effects of its IA administration have been investigated for decades in animal models, mechanisms of action of this drug are not quite clear, particularly in OA. This scoping review is an overview of the biological as well as the clinical role of clodronic acid in OA. METHOD: A scoping review based on the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews) model was performed to characterize the mechanisms of action of IA clodronate in OA and to evaluate its efficacy from a clinical point of view. RESULTS: Several effects of clodronate have been observed in animal models of OA, including depletion of synovial lining cells that results in reduced production of chemokines (IL-1, TNF- α), growth factors (TGF-ß, BMP 2/4), and metalloproteases (MMP 2/3/9); prevention of cartilage damage, synovial hyperplasia, and proteoglycans loss; reduction in joint inflammation, joint swelling, and osteophyte formation. From a clinical perspective, patients with knee OA treated with IA clodronate experienced improvements in pain and joint mobility. CONCLUSION: Clodronate appears to have different mechanisms of action interfering with the pathogenic processes contributing to OA development and progression. This intervention demonstrated positive effects for patients affected by knee OA.


Assuntos
Ácido Clodrônico/administração & dosagem , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Ácido Clodrônico/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Camundongos , Coelhos
19.
Front Neurol ; 12: 626319, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33679588

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has spread worldwide with a huge impact on the healthcare system. Compared to the previous coronaviruses-related pandemics, COVID-19 is more transmissible with potential systemic involvement and peculiar neurological manifestations, such as Guillan-Barrè syndrome up to critical illness myopathy, occurring in the intensive care setting. In this clinical scenario, people living with a neuromuscular disease (NMD) represent a vulnerable category with a high risk of a severe course of COVID-19. Moreover, in the NMD population, the management of respiratory and muscular impairments after SARS-CoV-2 infection might be troubling in terms of both pharmacological and rehabilitative approaches. To date, rehabilitation is still an unmet need in this population with several implications on NMD progression with and without SARS-CoV-2 infection. In particular, rehabilitation intervention for patients with NMD after COVID-19 are lacking. Therefore, in the current paper, we analyze the critical issues of COVID-19 on NMDs patients and propose a home-based rehabilitation program targeted for this population after mild to moderate SARS-CoV-2 infection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...