Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Am Heart J ; 198: 129-134, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence suggests that acute treatment with statins reduce atherosclerotic complications, including periprocedural myocardial infarction, but currently, there are no large, adequately powered studies to define the effects of early, high-dose statins in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management. OBJECTIVES: The main goal of Statins Evaluation in Coronary procedUres and REvascularization (SECURE-PCI) Trial is to determine whether the early use of a loading dose of 80 mg of atorvastatin before an intended percutaneous coronary intervention followed by an additional dose of 80 mg 24 hours after the procedure will be able to reduce the rates of major cardiovascular events at 30 days in patients with an ACS. DESIGN: The SECURE-PCI study is a pragmatic, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial planned to enroll around 4,200 patients in 58 different sites in Brazil. The primary outcome is the rate of major cardiovascular events at 30 days defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, and coronary revascularization. SUMMARY: The SECURE PCI is a large randomized trial testing a strategy of early, high-dose statin in patients with ACS and will provide important information about the acute treatment of this patient population.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Atorvastatina/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/métodos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Thyroid ; 27(5): 738-745, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28095748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The human heart expresses the type 2 deiodinase (D2) that activates thyroxine (T4) to triiodothyronine (T3). At the same time, the inactivating type 3 deiodinase (D3) has been found in a rat model of right ventricular hypertrophy. It is not known whether the human myocardium metabolizes thyroid hormone. This study examined myocardial thyroid hormone metabolism in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) undergoing aortic valve replacement and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. METHODS: Myocardial thyroid hormone metabolism was assessed by analyzing the difference in serum thyroid hormone levels between the aortic root (incoming blood) and the coronary sinus (outgoing blood) of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A total of 23 patients with AS and 35 patients with CAD were included. Patients received a pre-surgical echocardiogram, and pre-, during and post-surgical thyroid hormone serum levels were collected in the myocardial and peripheral circulations. RESULTS: Patients with AS exhibited the expected left ventricle (LV) hypertrophy (i.e., 20-30% increase in LV posterior wall and interventricular septum thickness and ∼10% increase in AS in LV diastolic diameter). Immediately before cardiopulmonary bypass, blood flowing through the AS myocardium exhibited a 4.6% reduction in T3 and 6.9% increase in rT3 levels, decreasing the serum T3/rT3 ratio by 9.6%. T4 and thyrotropin serum levels remained similar between the aortic root and coronary sinus. In contrast, no myocardial thyroid hormone metabolism was observed in CAD patients. Notably, the AS myocardium lost the ability to inactivate thyroid hormone after cardiopulmonary bypass, possibly due to myocardial stunning. CONCLUSIONS: There is accelerated thyroid hormone inactivation in the AS myocardium, which is likely the result of D3 expression. No evidence to suggest thyroid hormone activation in the myocardium was obtained in the present study.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Tri-Iodotironina/sangue , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/patologia
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 13(2)jun. 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: lil-749194

RESUMO

O VII Simpósio Internacional de Trombose e Anticoagulação (ISTA) foi realizado em São Paulo, SP, Brasil, nos dias 24 e 25 de outubro de 2014, tendo como principais propósitos a discussão e o compartilhamento de conhecimentos sobre os avanços recentes na abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica de pacientes com distúrbios trombóticos, nas suas diversas formas de apresentação clínica. O programa científico deste simpósio foi cuidadosamente desenvolvido por líderes de três importantes institutos de pesquisa clínica: o Instituto Brasileiro de Pesquisa Clínica(BCRI), o Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI), e Instituto de Pesquisa do Hospital do Coração. Composto por dois dias de apresentações acadêmicas e discussão aberta, o simpósio teve como principal objetivo educar, motivar e inspirar os clínicos, cardiologistas, hematologistas, e outros médicos através de apresentações e discussões de aspectos práticos de condutas que envolvem síndromes relacionadas à trombose e suas respectivas terapias antitrombóticas. Estas atividades possibilitaram uma interação direta entre a plateia e o corpo de palestrantes, composto por médicos de grande experiência clínica e pelos médicos pesquisadores que desenvolveram os principais estudos publicados que guiam nossas condutas em situações relacionadas ao tema "trombose e anticoagulação". Este artigo resume os anais deste simpósio.


The VII International Symposium on Thrombosis and Anticoagulation (ISTA) was held in São Paulo, Brazil, on 24 and 25 October 2014, with the main objectives to discuss and share knowledge on recent advances in the diagnosis and management of patients with thrombotic disorders. The scientific program of this symposium was carefully developed by leaders of three major clinical research institutes: the Brazilian Institute of Clinical Research (BCRI), the Duke Clinical Research Institute from Duke University, and the Research Institute from Hospital do Coração. Comprising two days of academic presentations and open discussion, the symposium aimed to educate, motivate and inspire clinicians, cardiologists, hematologists, and other doctors through presentations and discussions of practical aspects in themes related to thrombosis and anticoagulation. These activities were presented by physicians of great clinical experience and who participated in the main publications that guide our approach on situations related to the theme "thrombosis and anticoagulation". This article summarizes the proceedings of this symposium.


Assuntos
Humanos , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Terapia Trombolítica , Trombose , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Embolia Pulmonar , Fibrilação Atrial , Tromboembolia Venosa
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 13(2): 154-162, 2015. ilus
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-32394

RESUMO

O VII Simpósio Internacional de Trombose e Anticoagulação(ISTA) foi realizado em São Paulo, SP, Brasil, nos dias 24 e 25 deoutubro de 2014, tendo como principais propósitos a discussãoe o compartilhamento de conhecimentos sobre os avanços recentesna abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica de pacientes comdistúrbios trombóticos, nas suas diversas formas de apresenta-ção clínica. O programa científico deste simpósio foi cuidadosamentedesenvolvido por líderes de três importantes institutosde pesquisa clínica: o Instituto Brasileiro de Pesquisa Clínica(BCRI), o Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI), e Institutode Pesquisa do Hospital do Coração. Composto por dois diasde apresentações acadêmicas e discussão aberta, o simpósio tevecomo principal objetivo educar, motivar e inspirar os clínicos,cardiologistas, hematologistas, e outros médicos através de apresentaçõese discussões de aspectos práticos de condutas que envolvemsíndromes relacionadas à trombose e suas respectivasterapias antitrombóticas... (AU)


Assuntos
Trombose , Anticoagulantes , Terapia Trombolítica , Doenças Cardiovasculares
6.
Am Heart J ; 165(6): 918-925.e2, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23708162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes or prediabetes and associations with ischemic outcomes among non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. METHODS: We categorized 8795 EARLY ACS trial patients into one of the following groups: "known diabetes" (n = 2860 [32.5%]; reported on the case report form), "undiagnosed diabetes" (n = 1069 [12.2%]; no diabetes history and fasting glucose ≥126 mg/dL or hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5%), "prediabetes" (n = 947 [10.8%]; fasting glucose ≥110 to <126 mg/dL, or "normal" (n = 3919 [44.5%]). Adjusted associations of known diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, and prediabetes (versus normal) with 30-day and 1-year outcomes were determined. RESULTS: Undiagnosed diabetes was associated with greater 30-day death or myocardial infarction (MI) (ORadj 1.28, 95% CI 1.05-1.57), driven primarily by greater 30-day mortality (ORadj 1.65, 95% CI 1.09-2.48). Known diabetic patients had 30-day death or MI outcomes similar to those of normal patients, but 30-day mortality was higher (ORadj 1.40, 95% CI 1.01-1.93). Prediabetic patients had 30-day death or MI outcomes similar to those of normal patients. One-year mortality was greater among known diabetic patients (HRadj 1.38, 95% CI 1.13-1.67) but not among those with undiagnosed diabetes or prediabetes. CONCLUSIONS: Undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes were common among high-risk non-ST-segment elevation ACS patients. Routine screening for undiagnosed diabetes may be useful since these patients seem to have worse short-term outcomes and deserve consideration of alternative management strategies.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Causas de Morte/tendências , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
7.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 36(1): 115-30, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23494487

RESUMO

To discuss and share knowledge about advances in the care of patients with thrombotic disorders, the Fifth International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation was held in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, on October 18-19, 2012. This scientific program was developed by clinicians for clinicians and was promoted by three major clinical research institutes: the Brazilian Clinical Research Institute, the Duke Clinical Research Institute of the Duke University School of Medicine, and Hospital do Coração Research Institute. Comprising 2 days of academic presentations and open discussion, the symposium had as its primary goal to educate, motivate, and inspire internists, cardiologists, hematologists, and other physicians by convening national and international visionaries, thought-leaders, and dedicated clinician-scientists. This paper summarizes the symposium proceedings.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Trombose , Brasil , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos , Trombose/sangue , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 32(4): 297-302, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23523395

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Monitoring of disease activity and the best therapeutic approach are a challenge in Takayasu arteritis (TA). When associated with acute coronary syndromes (ACS), the best interventional treatment has not been established. The objective of this study was to describe the baseline characteristics, clinical manifestations, treatment and long-term outcome of patients with TA and ACS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed eight patients between 2004 and 2010. The following data were obtained: age, gender, clinical and electrocardiographic manifestations, Killip class, risk factors for ACS, markers of myocardial necrosis (CK-MB and troponin), creatinine clearance, left ventricular ejection fraction, inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]), medication during hospital stay, angiographic findings, treatment (medical, percutaneous or surgical) and long-term outcome. Statistical data were expressed as percentages and absolute values. RESULTS: All eight patients were women, median age 49 years. Typical chest pain was present in 37.5%. Elevated ESR was observed in 85.7%. Three patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, three underwent percutaneous coronary angioplasty (two with bare-metal stents and one with a drug-eluting stent) and two were treated medically. In-hospital mortality was 25%. There were no deaths during a mean follow-up of 30 months. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, patients who were discharged home had good outcomes in long-term follow-up with medical, percutaneous or surgical treatment. ESR appears to be associated with ACS in TA.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Arterite de Takayasu/terapia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 34(1): 143-63, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22427055

RESUMO

To discuss and share knowledge about advances in the care of patients with thrombotic disorders, the Fourth International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation was held in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil, from October 20-21, 2011. This scientific program was developed by clinicians for clinicians and was promoted by three major clinical research institutes: the Brazilian Clinical Research Institute, the Duke Clinical Research Institute of the Duke University School of Medicine, and Hospital do Coração Research Institute. Comprising 2 days of academic presentations and open discussion, the symposium had as its primary goal to educate, motivate, and inspire internists, cardiologists, hematologists, and other physicians by convening national and international visionaries, thought-leaders, and dedicated clinician-scientists. This paper summarizes the symposium proceedings.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Trombose , Animais , Brasil , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos
10.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 32(2): 242-66, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21547405

RESUMO

To discuss and share knowledge around advances in the care of patients with thrombotic disorders, the Third International Symposium of Thrombosis and Anticoagulation was held in São Paulo, Brazil, from October 14-16, 2010. This scientific program was developed by clinicians for clinicians, and was promoted by four major clinical research institutes: the Brazilian Clinical Research Institute, the Duke Clinical Research Institute of the Duke University School of Medicine, the Canadian VIGOUR Centre, and the Uppsala Clinical Research Center. Comprising 3 days of academic presentations and open discussion, the symposium had as its primary goal to educate, motivate, and inspire internists, cardiologists, hematologists, and other physicians by convening national and international visionaries, thought-leaders, and dedicated clinician-scientists. This paper summarizes the symposium proceedings.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Congressos como Assunto , Trombose/tratamento farmacológico , Trombose/metabolismo , Brasil , Humanos
11.
Eur Heart J ; 31(17): 2103-10, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20413397

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the association of bleeding with mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 20 323 patients with STEMI receiving fibrinolytic therapy and an antithrombin in ExTRACT-TIMI 25. Relationships between in-hospital bleeding, patient characteristics, treatments, and in-hospital cardiovascular complications with mortality were evaluated using Cox models. Likelihood ratios estimated each variable's model contribution. High 30-day mortality after major bleeding (n = 309, 37.6% mortality) was driven by the poor prognosis of intracranial haemorrhage (ICH; n = 143, 65.4% mortality, model contribution 7.8%). The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for 30-day death for any major bleeding and for ICH were 2.9 [2.4-3.6] and 10.3 [8.2-12.8], respectively. Neither non-ICH major nor minor bleeding was associated with 30-day death after adjustment. Cardiogenic shock (HR 13.5, 61% contribution) and age (HR 1.6/decade, 17% contribution) were most strongly correlated with 30-day death. Among 30-day survivors, age (HR 1.6/decade, contribution 43%) and heart rate (HR 1.2 per 10 b.p.m., contribution 18%) were most strongly associated with mortality between Days 31 and 365. CONCLUSION: Cardiogenic shock, age, and ICH were important independent correlates of 30-day and 1-year mortality in STEMI patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy. In-hospital non-ICH major and minor bleeding were not independently associated with increased mortality at 30 days or 1 year.


Assuntos
Enoxaparina/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Heparina/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/mortalidade , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Recidiva , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 64(6): 553-60, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19578659

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction, very little is known about the role of surgical myocardial revascularization and percutaneous coronary intervention (invasive therapies--IT), especially in the context of long-term outcomes after hospital discharge. METHODS: We analyzed 1588 patients with MI who had been included prospectively in a databank and followed for up to 7.5 years. In this population, 548 patients were >70 years old (elderly group--EG), and 1040 were <70 years of age (younger group--YG); 1088 underwent IT during hospitalization, and the remaining 500 were treated medically (conservative therapy--CT). Patients were monitored either by visit or by phone at least once a year. A standard questionnaire was administered to all patients. The impact of IT was analyzed with both non-adjusted and adjusted models. RESULTS: By the end of the follow-up period, the survival rates for the IT and CT groups were, respectively, 71.9% versus 47.2% in the global population (hazard ratio=0.55, P<0.001), 81.5% versus 66.6% in the YG (hazard ratio=0.68, P=0.018) and 48.8% versus 20.3% in the EG (hazard ratio=0.58, P<0.001). In the adjusted models, the hazard ratios were 0.62 (P<0.001) in the global population, 0.74 in the YG (P=0.073) and 0.64 (P=0.001) in the EG. CONCLUSION: Long-term follow-up of patients with myocardial infarction revealed that IT during the in-hospital phase was at least as effective in elderly patients as in younger patients.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Drugs ; 69(11): 1433-43, 2009 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19634922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enoxaparin was superior to unfractionated heparin (UFH), regardless of fibrinolytic agent in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy in ExTRACT-TIMI 25 (Enoxaparin and Thrombolysis Reperfusion for Acute Myocardial Infarction Treatment - Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 25) trial. OBJECTIVE: This post hoc analysis compared outcomes with streptokinase plus enoxaparin to the standard regimen of fibrin-specific lytic (FSL) plus UFH and to the newer combination of FSL plus enoxaparin. METHODS: In ExTRACT-TIMI 25, STEMI patients received either streptokinase or a FSL (alteplase, reteplase or tenecteplase) at the physician's discretion and were randomized to enoxaparin or UFH, stratified by fibrinolytic type. Thirty-day outcomes were adjusted for baseline characteristics, region, in-hospital percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and a propensity score for the choice of lytic. RESULTS: The primary trial endpoint of 30-day death/myocardial infarction (MI) occurred in fewer patients in the streptokinase-enoxaparin cohort (n = 2083) compared with FSL-UFH (n = 8141) [10.2% vs 12.0%, adjusted odds ratio [OR(adj)] 0.76; 95% CI 0.62, 0.93; p = 0.008]. Major bleeding was significantly increased with streptokinase-enoxaparin compared with FSL-UFH (OR(adj) 2.74; 95% CI 1.81; 4.14; p < 0.001) but intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) was similar (OR(adj) 0.90; 95% CI 0.40, 2.01; p = 0.79). Net clinical outcomes, defined as either death/MI/major bleeding or as death/MI/ICH tended to favour streptokinase-enoxaparin compared with FSL-UFH (OR(adj) 0.88; 95% CI 0.73, 1.06; p = 0.17; and OR(adj) 0.77; 95% CI 0.63, 0.93; p = 0.008, respectively). Patients receiving FSL-enoxaparin (n = 8142) and streptokinase-enoxaparin therapies experienced similar adjusted rates of the primary endpoint (OR(adj) 1.08; 95% CI 0.87, 1.32; p = 0.49) and net clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that fibrinolytic therapy with the combination of streptokinase and the potent anticoagulant agent enoxaparin resulted in similar adjusted outcomes compared with more costly regimens utilizing a FSL.


Assuntos
Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Fibrina/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Estreptoquinase/uso terapêutico , Terapia Trombolítica , Adulto , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Estudos de Coortes , Quimioterapia Combinada , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/economia , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Ativadores de Plasminogênio/economia , Ativadores de Plasminogênio/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Estreptoquinase/efeitos adversos , Estreptoquinase/economia , Tenecteplase , Fatores de Tempo , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/economia , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Clinics ; 64(6): 553-560, June 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-517934

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction, very little is known about the role of surgical myocardial revascularization and percutaneous coronary intervention (invasive therapies - IT), especially in the context of long-term outcomes after hospital discharge. METHODS: We analyzed 1588 patients with MI who had been included prospectively in a databank and followed for up to 7.5 years. In this population, 548 patients were ¡Ý70 years old (elderly group - EG), and 1040 were <70 years of age (younger group - YG); 1088 underwent IT during hospitalization, and the remaining 500 were treated medically (conservative therapy - CT). Patients were monitored either by visit or by phone at least once a year. A standard questionnaire was administered to all patients. The impact of IT was analyzed with both non-adjusted and adjusted models. RESULTS: By the end of the follow-up period, the survival rates for the IT and CT groups were, respectively, 71.9% versus 47.2% in the global population (hazard ratio=0.55, P<0.001), 81.5% versus 66.6% in the YG (hazard ratio=0.68, P=0.018) and 48.8% versus 20.3% in the EG (hazard ratio=0.58, P<0.001). In the adjusted models, the hazard ratios were 0.62 (P<0.001) in the global population, 0.74 in the YG (P=0.073) and 0.64 (P=0.001) in the EG. CONCLUSION: Long-term follow-up of patients with myocardial infarction revealed that IT during the in-hospital phase was at least as effective in elderly patients as in younger patients.


Assuntos
Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Fatores Etários , Seguimentos , Assistência de Longa Duração , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 92(2): 84-93, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19360239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that leukocytosis and hyperglycemia verified at the admission of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are associated with intrahospital mortality. However, little is known on the long-term impact of these markers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-and long-term influence of the levels of glucose and leukocytes on the prognosis of patients with AMI. METHODS: A total of 809 patients with AMI were retrospectively assessed (mean age: 63.2 +/- 12.87 yrs) and prospectively and consecutively included in a specific database. RESULTS: a) At the intrahospital phase, the mean values were compared between patients that died and those who survived: Leukocytosis: 12156+/-5977 vs 10337+/-3528 (p=0.004, 95%CI = 976-2663); Glucose 176+/-105 mg/dl vs 140+/-72 mg/dl (p<0.001, 95%CI = 19.4 - 52.6), respectively. b) With the adjusted mode, the same pattern was observed [p values: 0.002 (t-ratio 3.05), 0.04 (t-ratio 2.06), respectively]. c) Long-term follow-up: the univariate analysis showed P values of 0.001 (t-ratio 3.3), <0.001 (t-ratio 4.16), respectively. The multivariate analysis showed P=0.001 (t-ratio 3.35), 0.08 (t-ratio 1.75), respectively. (d) After the exclusion of the intrahospital deaths, the leukocyte (P=0.989) and glucose levels (P=0.144) did not remain significantly correlated with mortality. The same result was observed at the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: The levels of glucose and leukocytes at the hospital admission of patients with AMI are excellent predictors of intrahospital mortality and poor predictors of long-term death.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Leucocitose/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Hiperglicemia/mortalidade , Contagem de Leucócitos , Leucocitose/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Prognóstico
16.
Am Heart J ; 157(3): 517-24, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19249423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin (Hgb) and creatinine clearance (CrCl) are readily-available, routinely-obtained laboratory parameters that predict acute coronary syndrome outcomes. We sought to develop a laboratory index (LI) to predict early mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and determine the additional risk stratification offered by adding the LI to the TIMI Risk Score (TRS) for STEMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: The association between Hgb and CrCl values obtained at hospitalization and 30-day mortality was evaluated in 14,373 STEMI patients undergoing fibrinolysis in Intravenous NPA for the Treatment of Infarcting Myocardium Early II-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction-17 (InTIME II-TIMI 17). Logistic regression models determined the optimal combination of laboratory variables into a LI. Prognostic utility of the LI was validated in 18,427 STEMI patients from Enoxaparin and Thrombolysis Reperfusion for Acute Myocardial Infarction Treatment (ExTRACT)-TIMI 25. In InTIME II, Hgb levels <15.0 g/dL and CrCl <100 mL/min were significantly and independently associated with increased risk of death (OR(adj) 1.22, 95% CI 1.15-1.29 for each 1 g/dL decrease in Hgb, P < .001, and OR(adj) 1.23, 95% CI 1.17-1.29 for each 10 mL/min decrease in CrCl, P < .001, respectively). In multivariable analysis, the optimal weighting of Hgb and CrCl to form an LI to predict mortality was (15-Hgb) + (100-CrCl)/8. The LI revealed a 10-fold increase in death across prespecified groups (P < .001). The LI offered additional risk stratification across all TRS groups and improved the discriminatory ability of the TRS (c-statistic from 0.755 to 0.789, P < .001). External validation in ExTRACT showed similar enhancement of the prognostic capacity of the TRS (c-statistic from 0.747 to 0.777, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The LI is a simple, powerful tool to predict death in STEMI, either separately or with the TRS.


Assuntos
Creatinina/sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Razão de Chances , Medição de Risco/métodos
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 92(2): 88-93, fev. 2009. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-511098

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Estudos prévios demonstraram que a leucocitose e a hiperglicemia verificadas à admissão de pacientes com IAM (infarto agudo do miocárdio), estão correlacionadas com a mortalidade intra-hospitalar. Entretanto, pouco é sabido sobre o impacto desses marcadores a longo prazo. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a curto e longo prazos, a influência dos níveis de glicose e leucócitos no prognóstico de pacientes com IAM. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados, retrospectivamente, 809 pacientes (idade média 63,2 ± 12,87 anos) com IAM, incluídos de forma prospectiva e consecutiva em banco de dados específico. RESULTADOS: a) Na fase intra-hospitalar os valores médios aferidos foram comparados entre pacientes que morreram ou sobreviveram: Leucocitose 12156±5977 vs 10337±3528 (p=0.004, 95 por cento IC= 976-2663); Glicose 176±105 mg/dl vs 140±72 mg/dl (p<0.001, 95 por cento IC= 19.4 - 52.6), respectivamente. b) No modo ajustado, o mesmo padrão foi verificado [valores de p: 0.002 (t-ratio 3.05), 0.04 (t-ratio 2.06), respectivamente]. c) Seguimento a longo prazo: a análise univariada revelou valores de P de 0.001 (t-ratio 3.3), <0.001 (t-ratio 4.16), respectivamente. Pela análise multivariada; P=0.001 (t-ratio 3,35), 0.08 (t-ratio 1,75), respectivamente. d) Após exclusão das mortes intra-hospitalares, os níveis leucocitários (P=0.989) e a glicemia (P=0.144) não permaneceram correlacionadas significativamente com mortalidade. O mesmo resultado foi verificado na análise multivariada. CONCLUSÃO: Níveis de leucócitos e glicemia à admissão de pacientes com IAM são excelentes preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar, e pobres preditores de óbitos a longo prazo.


BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that leukocytosis and hyperglycemia verified at the admission of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are associated with intrahospital mortality. However, little is known on the long-term impact of these markers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-and long-term influence of the levels of glucose and leukocytes on the prognosis of patients with AMI. METHODS: A total of 809 patients with AMI were retrospectively assessed (mean age: 63.2 ± 12.87 yrs) and prospectively and consecutively included in a specific database. RESULTS: a) At the intrahospital phase, the mean values were compared between patients that died and those who survived: Leukocytosis: 12156±5977 vs 10337±3528 (p=0.004, 95 percentCI = 976-2663); Glucose 176±105 mg/dl vs 140±72 mg/dl (p<0.001, 95 percentCI = 19.4 - 52.6), respectively. b) With the adjusted mode, the same pattern was observed [p values: 0.002 (t-ratio 3.05), 0.04 (t-ratio 2.06), respectively]. c) Long-term follow-up: the univariate analysis showed P values of 0.001 (t-ratio 3.3), <0.001 (t-ratio 4.16), respectively. The multivariate analysis showed P=0.001 (t-ratio 3.35), 0.08 (t-ratio 1.75), respectively. (d) After the exclusion of the intrahospital deaths, the leukocyte (P=0.989) and glucose levels (P=0.144) did not remain significantly correlated with mortality. The same result was observed at the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: The levels of glucose and leukocytes at the hospital admission of patients with AMI are excellent predictors of intrahospital mortality and poor predictors of long-term death.


FUNDAMENTO: Estudios previos demostraron que tanto la leucocitosis como la hiperglucemia verificadas cuando de la admisión de pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM), están correlacionadas con la mortalidad intrahospitalaria. Sin embargo, poco se sabe acerca del impacto de esos marcadores a largo plazo. OBJETIVO: Evaluar, a corto y largo plazos, la influencia de los niveles de glucosa y leucocitos en el pronóstico de pacientes con IAM. MÉTODOS: Se analizaron, retrospectivamente, a 809 pacientes (edad promedio 63,2 ± 12,87 años) con IAM, incluidos de forma prospectiva y consecutiva en banco de datos específico. RESULTADOS: a) En la fase intrahospitalaria se compararon los valores promedio obtenidos entre pacientes que murieron o supervivieron: leucocitosis 12.156±5.977 vs 10.337±3.528 (p=0.004, 95 por ciento IC= 976-2663); glucosa 176±105 mg/dl vs 140±72 mg/dl (p<0.001, 95 por ciento IC= 19.4 - 52.6), respectivamente. b) En el modo ajustado, se verificó el mismo estándar [valores de p: 0.002 (t-ratio 3.05), 0.04 (t-ratio 2.06), respectivamente]. c) Seguimiento a largo plazo: el análisis univariado reveló valores de P de 0.001 (t-ratio 3.3), <0.001 (t-ratio 4.16), respectivamente. Ya el análisis multivariado: P=0.001 (t-ratio 3,35), 0.08 (t-ratio 1,75), respectivamente. d) Tras la exclusión de las muertes intrahospitalarias, los niveles leucocitarios (P=0.989) y la glucemia (P=0.144) no permanecieron correlacionadas significativamente con la mortalidad. Igual resultado se verificó en el análisis multivariado. CONCLUSIÓN: Los niveles de leucocitos y glucemia al ingreso de pacientes con IAM resultan excelentes predictores de mortalidad intrahospitalaria, y pobres predictores de óbitos a largo plazo.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Leucocitose/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Hiperglicemia/mortalidade , Contagem de Leucócitos , Leucocitose/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Prognóstico
18.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 52(11): 914-20, 2008 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18772061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether the benefit of intensive lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) is dependent on baseline low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). BACKGROUND: Aggressive LDL-C reduction with statins improves cardiovascular outcomes in acute and chronic coronary heart disease (CHD). The importance of baseline LDL-C is unclear. METHODS: We compared 2-year composites of death, myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, revascularization >30 days, and stroke (primary end point), and CHD death, MI, and revascularization >30 days (secondary end point) in 2,986 statin-naïve patients with recent acute coronary syndrome (ACS) randomized to atorvastatin 80 mg versus pravastatin 40 mg in the PROVE IT-TIMI 22 (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction 22) study stratified by quartiles of baseline LDL-C. Multivariable models assessed whether the treatment benefit was dependent on baseline LDL-C. RESULTS: A significant reduction in the hazards of the primary (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.63, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.47 to 0.85, p = 0.002) and secondary (HR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.42 to 0.79, p = 0.001) end points occurred in patients within the highest quartile (>132 mg/dl) of baseline LDL-C treated with atorvastatin 80 mg. The benefit of intensive therapy progressively declined as baseline LDL-C decreased. The lowest quartile (LDL-C < or =92 mg/dl) experienced similar rates of the primary (HR: 0.93, 95% CI: 0.69 to 1.25, p = 0.63) and secondary (HR: 0.98, 95% CI: 0.71 to 1.35, p = 0.89) end points. Adjusted interaction tests between treatment and highest versus lowest baseline LDL-C quartile were significant for the primary and secondary end points (p = 0.03 and p = 0.007, respectively). Analyzing baseline LDL-C as a continuous variable, atorvastatin 80 mg was associated with improved outcomes provided the baseline LDL-C was >66 mg/dl. CONCLUSIONS: A progressive reduction in the benefit of intensive LLT with atorvastatin 80 mg over pravastatin 40 mg occurred in statin-naïve ACS patients as baseline LDL-C declined. (Pravastatin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 22 [PROVE IT-TIMI 22]; NCT00382460).


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Ácidos Heptanoicos/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Pravastatina/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Atorvastatina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Eur Heart J ; 28(13): 1566-73, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17562672

RESUMO

AIMS: We compared outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients randomized to a strategy of either enoxaparin or unfractionated heparin (UFH) to support fibrinolysis. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Enoxaparin and Thrombolysis Reperfusion for Acute Myocardial Infarction Treatment-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction Study 25 (ExTRACT-TIMI 25) trial, 20,479 patients undergoing fibrinolysis for STEMI with a fibrin-specific agent (N = 16,283) or streptokinase (SK) (N = 4139) were randomized to enoxaparin throughout their hospitalization or UFH for at least 48 h. The primary end point of death or nonfatal recurrent MI through 30 days occurred in 12.0% of patients in the UFH and 9.8% in the enoxaparin groups when treated with fibrin-specific lytics [odds ratio(adjusted) (OR(adj)) 0.78; 95% CI 0.70-0.87; P < 0.001] and 11.8 vs. 10.2%, respectively, when treated with SK (OR(adj) 0.83; 95% CI 0.66-1.04; P = 0.10; P(interaction) = 0.58). Major bleeding rates including intracranial hemorrhage within the fibrin-specific cohort were 1.2 and 2.0% in the UFH and enoxaparin groups, respectively (P < 0.001) and 2.0% in UFH and 2.4% in enoxaparin patients in the SK cohort (P = 0.16). Interaction tests between antithrombin- and lytic-type were non-significant (P = 0.20). Death, nonfatal MI, or major bleeding was significantly reduced with enoxaparin in the fibrin-specific cohort (OR(adj) 0.82; 95% CI 0.74-0.91; P < 0.001) and favoured enoxaparin in the SK cohort (OR(adj) 0.89; 95% CI 0.72-1.10; P = 0.29; P(interaction) = 0.53). CONCLUSION: The benefits of an enoxaparin strategy over UFH were observed in both SK and fibrin-specific-treated STEMI patients. Therefore, an enoxaparin strategy is preferred over UFH to support fibrinolysis for STEMI regardless of lytic agent.


Assuntos
Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão Miocárdica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Int J Cardiol ; 116(3): 383-8, 2007 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17049642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of patients treated with fibrinolytics for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is subsequently submitted to surgical or percutaneous revascularization procedures during the same hospitalization. However, data comparing these procedures are scarce in the literature. The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcomes of a population with AMI who, during the in-hospital phase, received fibrinolytic therapy followed by coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: The study population included 3532 patients submitted to CABG (N=574) or PCI (N=2958), out of 15,114 patients studied in the InTIME-2 trial. Among patients treated with PCI there were no differences between those who received stents or isolated balloon angioplasty, so that their data were pooled for analysis. RESULTS: CABG and PCI groups were compared regarding all-cause mortality (at 30 days and one year post-AMI) and non-fatal events (reinfarction, need of additional post-discharge revascularization and re-hospitalization for an ischemic event) within 30 days after MI. There was no significant difference in mortality rates between the groups--both unadjusted and adjusted--at 30 days and one year post-MI. The unadjusted 30-day rates of combined fatal and non-fatal events were 10.3% for the CABG group, and 15.3% for the PCI group (odds-ratio 0.64, P=0.0017), but the adjusted odds-ratio for the combined endpoint only achieved borderline significance (P=0.048). CONCLUSION: Mortality rates for CABG and PCI were similar up to one year after AMI, but CABG tends to carry a better event-free survival in the first 30 days.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Terapia Trombolítica , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA