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J Gastrointest Cancer ; 49(4): 470-475, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28884286


PURPOSE: Our objective was to evaluate the benefit of re-exposing patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) to a combination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan and 5-fluorouracil treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patients with mCRC who received a combination of oxaliplatin, irinotecan and fluorouracil as a rechallenge regimen after progressing on the same drugs. Both FOLFOXIRI and FOLFIRINOX were used. Toxicity was evaluated for each treatment cycle, and survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients who were treated between January 2011 and December 2013 were selected for this study. Most of the patients (95.2%) had an ECOG status of 0-1. The median age at diagnosis was 52.1 years (range 36-77 years), and 14 (66.6%) patients had wild-type KRAS. Thirteen patients received FOLFIRINOX, and eight received FOLFOXIRI. Most patients had previously received at least three regimens, with 80% receiving anti-VEGF and 66% anti-EGFR antibodies. The response rate was 38%, and 24% patients had stable disease. The median time to disease progression was 4.0 months (range 1.0-9.1 months), and the median overall survival duration was 8.6 months (range 6.3-11.5 months). Most patients required dose adjustment and treatment delays. One patient experienced grade 5 neutropenic sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: Both FOLFIRINOX and FOLFOXIRI are active and potentially feasible rechallenge treatment options for heavily pretreated patients with good performance status. With dose reduction and close monitoring for toxicity, the risk of serious adverse events can be minimised.

Autops Case Rep ; 5(2): 55-9, 2015 Apr-Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26484336


Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare disorder that results from the presence of autoantibodies against the clotting factor VIII (FVIII) causing hemorrhagic disorders. This entity is mostly associated with autoimmune diseases, pregnancy, the postpartum period, drugs and malignancy. Among the solid cancers, prostate neoplasm is the most common cause of AHA. The management of AHA involves the control of active bleeding and the use of specific therapies to eliminate the inhibitor. The authors describe the case of an 87-year-old man with prostate cancer who developed a bleeding disorder 5 years after the cancer diagnosis. Treatment with prednisone did not reach a satisfactory clinical response, which was only achieved with the association of azathioprine. The patient became asymptomatic with no further bleeding episodes, but developed a fatal sepsis after 3 months of treatment with these immunosuppressive agents.