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1.
Indian Heart J ; 61(2): 216-7, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20039513

RESUMO

An anaphylactic reaction to protamine sulphate during cardiac surgery is a rare but known entity. Preoperative prediction and outcome of such a reaction is still unclear. We report a case of severe anaphylactic reaction to protamine sulphate in a diabetic while performing beating heart bypass surgery. We also reviewed the literature and discussed the management of such cases.


Assuntos
Anafilaxia/induzido quimicamente , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas de Heparina/efeitos adversos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/induzido quimicamente , Protaminas/efeitos adversos , Anafilaxia/terapia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
2.
Indian Heart J ; 54(4): 379-83, 2002.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12462664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The off-pump technique reduces the complications of coronary artery bypass grafting performed with extracorporeal circulatory assistance. This hypothesis was tested by analyzing the results of 53 patients operated with and 48 without cardiopulmonary bypass by a single surgeon (ARR) from February 2001 to September 2001. METHODS AND RESULTS: The angiograms of all the patients scheduled for isolated coronary artery bypass grafting were carefully analyzed and a plan for revascularization made. After sternotomy and inspection of the vessels, a decision was taken to perform the surgery on- or off-pump. All the demographic, operative and postoperative data were prospectively collected and analyzed statistically. Major end-points, such as mortality, perioperative infarction and organ dysfunction, were not different between the two techniques. The incidence of renal and pulmonary dysfunction was similar. There were no neurological problems in either group. In contrast to many reports. bleeding complications and the use of blood products were the same in both groups (1.6+/-2.3 in the on-pump group and 0.8+/-1.7 in off-pump group: p=0.06). The only important difference between the two groups was the incidence of low cardiac output and use of inotropes, being more common in the on-pump group. CONCLUSIONS: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is as safe as that done on-pump. The claims of a lower incidence of organ dysfunction and blood product use in the off-pump group were not substantiated in this study. The incidence of low cardiac output and use of inotropes was significantly lower in the off-pump group.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
3.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 50: 1036-8, 2002 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12421026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: An association of Apolipoprotein B (Apo B) with coronary artery disease (CAD) independent of LDL cholesterol (LDLc) concentrations has been reported in white population. This analysis was taken up to study whether the higher CAD risk in Asian Indians with diabetes could be explained by possible alterations in Apo B and Apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1) concentrations. METHODS: The study group consisted of four hundred and forty seven men aged > or = 25 years, 167 with CAD and 280 with no CAD, classified by coronary angiography. Plasma lipid profile including total cholesterol, LDLc, Apo A1 and Apo B were done. Glucose tolerance was evaluated in all. RESULTS: Age, BMI, Apo B, and Apo A1 were significantly associated with CAD in a multiple regression analysis. Hyper Apo B was more common than hyper LDLc in CAD (73.6% vs 20.4%, chi2 = 157, P < 0.001). Apo B concentrations were increased in diabetic subjects even in the presence of normal levels of LDLc and in the absence of CAD. CONCLUSIONS: The study has shown that the apolipoproteins B and A1 provide better information regarding the risk of CAD. Apo B abnormalities exist in large percentages of CAD subjects despite having normal levels of LDLc. Diabetes per se enhances the Apo B concentrations and this could probably be one of the mechanisms of accelerated CAD in diabetes. Hyper Apo B may be an index of CAD risk.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína A-I/metabolismo , Apolipoproteínas B/metabolismo , Doença das Coronárias/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Adulto , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco
4.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 72(3): 911-3, 2001 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11565681

RESUMO

Aortocaval fistula is a rare cause of left-to-right shunt. Common causes are congenital, traumatic, and dissecting aneurysm. We report a case of congenital aortocaval fistula to the superior vena cava, the proximal end of which was in close relation to the ostium of the right coronary artery.


Assuntos
Aorta/anormalidades , Fístula Arteriovenosa , Veia Cava Superior/anormalidades , Adolescente , Aortografia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Veia Cava Superior/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 71(6): 2036-8, 2001 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11426798

RESUMO

Giant cell myocarditis is an unusual and frequently fatal form of myocarditis. A 37-year-old woman presented with resistant cardiac failure and left ventricular aneurysm. She underwent Dor's endoaneurymorrhaphy and was histopathologically proved to have giant cell myocarditis. She had significant improvement of symptoms and was alive 13 months after surgery. Dor's endoaneurysmorrhaphy may be a useful therapeutic modality in selected cases of giant cell myocarditis.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Miocardite/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Humanos , Miocardite/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/patologia
6.
Am J Cardiol ; 87(3): 267-71, 2001 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11165958

RESUMO

No large study from India has addressed the association of risk variables with coronary artery disease (CAD) in angiographically proved cases. In this study, we analyzed the association of anthropometric variables, lipoproteins, and coagulation parameters with CAD in those cases proved by coronary angiography. A cross-sectional study of 447 men > or = 25 years old, classified as with CAD or without CAD, was performed. Men treated with aspirin or lipid-lowering agents, and those with renal, hepatic, or thyroid diseases were excluded. Associations of these variables with CAD were evaluated by univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses. The effect of diabetes on the CAD profile was also analyzed. Prevalences of diabetes and hypertension were significantly higher among those with CAD (p <0.001 for both). Lipid profile abnormalities, except lipoprotein (Lp(a)), were associated with CAD. Antibodies to oxidized low-density lipoprotein was higher in patients with CAD. Fibrinogen levels were higher in CAD, but plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 did not show an association with CAD. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, age, body mass index, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, and fibrinogen showed significant independent association with CAD. Several lipid abnormalities were associated with CAD in Asian Indians, but no significant association was seen with Lp(a) levels.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/etnologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Adulto , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença das Coronárias/etiologia , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
7.
J Indian Med Assoc ; 99(9): 497-8, 2001 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12018556

RESUMO

The population of India had just crossed one billion mark when we entered the new millennium and open-heart operations were carried out in 42,000 cases last year which is in sharp contrast of 42 operations/million population as compared to 1700/annum/million in USA. Cardiovascular diseases are major contributors to mortality and morbidity in India. Each year between 48,000 and 128,000 children are born in India with congenital heart diseases. In 1999, 6750 operations were done for congenital heart diseases. Though excellent results were achieved, but enough surgeries could not be done. There are more than one million rheumatic heart diseases in India and 50,000 new episodes are added every year. Well over 100,000 valve replacements have taken place during the last two decades. But the cost of valve replacement surgery is beyond common man's reach. There is need to set up an agency to provide heart valves at a subsidised rate. The rapid escalation of coronary heart disease in India is a matter of concern. In 1980, coronary by-pass surgery made up less than 10% of the work that was done by a cardiac surgeon. Today it is more than 60%. At present only 25,000 coronary by-pass operations and 12,000 coronary angioplasty procedures are done in a year. The Human Organs Transplantation Act though passed in 1994, but still only 50 heart transplants have been performed. The past two decades have seen remarkable changes in cardiac surgery in the country. The public hospitals need to be upgraded. The time has come for the MCI to permit joint training programmes between public and private hospitals. As insurance sector has come to the field, so a dramatic growth of health care facilities is expected. Until now, cardiac surgery in our country has developed in an unplanned manner. Progress has been the result of individual initiative. While significant progress has been made, it has not reached the nation's needs. With a planned approach, co-ordinated by IACTS, we can do better.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/tendências , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Índia
8.
Indian Heart J ; 53(6): 736-9, 2001.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11838926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resection and linear repair of aneurysms of the left ventricle alter its geometry and thereby reduce its performance over the long term. Hence, Dor's circular patch repair was advocated to maintain the geometry of the left ventricle. However, the superiority of this procedure over linear repair is debatable. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed 95 cases of left ventricular aneurysm repair--28 cases by Dor's procedure and 67 by linear repair. The age group, symptoms, risk-factor profile and severity of coronary artery disease were comparable in both the groups, but the cardiopulmonary bypass and mean aortic cross-clamp time were longer in those treated with Dor's procedure. The left internal mammary artery could be grafted to the left anterior descending artery or diagonal branch in 13 cases in the group undergoing Dor's procedure (group I) versus 14 cases in the group undergoing linear repair (group II). There was no mortality in group I while there were 7 deaths in group II. Patients in group I were followed up for up to 2 years and those in group II for up to 13 years. During follow-up, 16/2 8 remained in NYHA functional class I or II in group I versus 24/67 in group II. The mean preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was 34.9% in group I which improved to 39.7% during follow-up. In group II, the mean preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was 37.2% which improved to 41.5% during follow-up. This difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In our retrospective study, we did not observe any superiority of Dor's repair over linear repair for left ventricular aneurysm as regards NYHA functional class and left ventricular ejection fraction. However, follow-up with Dor's repair was short (up to 2 years). Hence, no definite conclusions can be drawn.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Cardíaco/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Aneurisma Cardíaco/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn ; 38(4): 377-8, 1996 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8853147

RESUMO

We describe a patient who developed the unusual haemodynamic phenomenon of periodic intermittent electromechanical dissociation during regular sinus tachycardia about 20 hours after mitral valve replacement with a tilting disc mechanical prosthesis. Echocardiographic confirmation allowed prompt and life saving corrective surgery for a stuck prosthetic valve disc.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Valva Mitral , Adulto , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Falha de Prótese
19.
Ann Acad Med Singapore ; 10(4): 485-93, 1981 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7344578

RESUMO

Hypertension is seen in 1-2% of children. It is multifactorial in origin. An analysis of 245 children with hypertension seen in 3 years in the Southern Railway Hospital, Madras is presented. In this series, all cases are secondary to some underlying causes. The so called "Benign Essential Hypertension" is not so uncommon in children but the authors have not had a case til now. In more than 80% of the cases, it is due to acute glomerulonephritis where hypertension is temporary. 8% of all the cases can be cured by surgery (If acute glomerulonephritis is excluded, this forms 50%). In another 8%, hypertension is permanent. Routine measurement of blood pressure in all children during physical examination is essential to detect the cases early. Extensive investigations are necessary to diagnose the cause in some cases. Three typical case histories are presented. Hypertensive crisis is an emergency and should be managed by intensive medical care. Today, even in India, various sophisticated investigations can be done for the detection of the cause, and surgical treatment including cardiac surgery can be done, aggressive medical treatment can be given with the availability of all anti-hypertensive drugs, and so the paediatricians and paediatric surgeons must diagnose the cases early and institute appropriate treatment.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Abdominais/complicações , Criança , Feminino , Cardiopatias/complicações , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neuroblastoma/complicações , Prognóstico , Artéria Renal , Trombose/complicações
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