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1.
J Rheumatol ; 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062600

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the accuracy of case definition algorithms for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in health administrative data, and used primary care electronic medical records to describe disease and treatment characteristics of these patients. METHODS: We randomly sampled 30,424 adult Ontario residents from the Electronic Medical Record Primary Care database and identified 2,215 patients with any possible psoriatic disease-related terms in their electronic medical record. The relevant patient records were chart abstracted to confirm diagnoses of psoriasis or PsA.This validation set was then linked to health administrative data to assess the performance of different algorithms of physician billing diagnosis codes, hospitalization diagnosis codes and medications for psoriatic disease. We report the performance of selected case definition algorithms and describe the disease characteristics of the validation set. RESULTS: Our reference standard identified 1028 patients with psoriasis and 77 patients with PsA, for an overall prevalence of 3.4% for psoriasis and 0.3% for PsA. Most patients with PsA (66%) had a rheumatology-confirmed diagnosis, while only 30% of the psoriasis patients had dermatology-confirmed diagnosis. The use of systemic medications was much more common in PsA than psoriasis. All algorithms had excellent specificity (97-100%). The sensitivity and positive predictive value were moderate and varied between different algorithms (34-72%). CONCLUSION: The accuracy of case definition algorithms for psoriasis and PsA varies widely. However, selected algorithms produced population prevalence estimates which were within the expected ranges, suggesting that they may be useful for future research purposes.

2.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 18, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014044

RESUMO

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an immune-mediated, clinically heterogeneous disease characterized by arthritis, enthesitis, dactylitis, spondylitis, and psoriasis of the skin and nails. Persistent articular inflammation in patients with PsA can lead to structural damage, which can result in reduced physical function and quality of life. Structural damage can occur rapidly, and irreversible joint damage may be observed if patients are not treated promptly and appropriately. Therefore, evaluating therapeutic agents for their ability to inhibit structural progression has become increasingly important, with radiographic progression becoming a key efficacy outcome in clinical trials in PsA. Here, we review how structural damage and progression are assessed in clinical trials and the use of radiographic progression as a study outcome. We also discuss possible limitations in the current assessment of radiographic progression as well as areas of research that may improve the assessment of structural damage in clinical trials of PsA.

3.
J Rheumatol ; 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Numerous Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) exist for the measurement of physical function for psoriatic arthritis (PsA), but only a few are validated comprehensively. The objective of this project was to prioritize PROMs for measuring physical function for potential incorporation into a standardized Outcome Measurement Set for PsA. METHODS: A working group of 13 members including two patient research partners was formed. PROMs measuring physical function in PsA were identified through a systematic literature review and recommendations by the working group. The rationale for inclusion and exclusion from the original list of existing PROMs was thoroughly discussed and two rounds of Delphi exercises were conducted to achieve consensus. RESULTS: Twelve PROMs were reviewed and discussed. Six PROMs were prioritized: Health Assessment Questionnaire and four modifications (HAQ-Disability Index, HAQ-Spine, modified HAQ, Multidimensional HAQ), Medical Outcome Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36)- physical functioning domain and the PROMIS physical functioning module. CONCLUSION: Through discussion and Delphi exercises, we achieved consensus to prioritize six physical function PROMs for PsA. These six PROMs will undergo further appraisal using the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Filter 2.1.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the probability of achieving Clinical Disease Activity for Psoriatic Arthritis (cDAPSA) treatment targets of remission (REM) or low disease activity (LDA) with apremilast based on disease activity categories and corresponding responses in arthritis and other domains of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) not included in cDAPSA. METHODS: Pooled PALACE 1-3 analyses were performed. Probability analyses assessing the likelihood of achieving cDAPSA treatment targets by Week 52 were performed using multiple imputation for discontinuations and missing values. Longitudinal analyses were performed in patients grouped by cDAPSA category at Week 52. RESULTS: Among 494 patients in the probability analyses, 46.9% with moderate and 24.9% with high disease activity at baseline achieved treatment targets (REM or LDA) by Week 52. For patients with moderate disease activity at baseline, small improvements (cDAPSA reductions ≥30%) by Week 16 were associated with achieving targets; patients achieving REM or LDA by Week 16 had high probabilities of remaining at treatment targets at Week 52. Of 375 patients with cDAPSA components available at Week 52, achieving targets with apremilast was associated with continuous disease activity improvements and no or mild arthritis and other PsA manifestations. CONCLUSION: The probability of achieving treatment targets (REM or LDA) at Week 52 was greater for patients with moderate versus high disease activity at baseline. At a mean level, partial improvements by Week 16 were associated with achieving treatment targets. Patients receiving apremilast who achieved cDAPSA targets by Week 52 also had no or mild arthritis and other PsA manifestations.

5.
RMD Open ; 6(1)2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the psychometric properties of the fatigue numeric rating scale (NRS) and sought to establish values for clinically meaningful change (responder definition). METHODS: Using disease-specific clinician-reported and patient-reported data from two randomised clinical trials of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), the fatigue NRS was evaluated for test-retest reliability, construct validity and responsiveness. A responder definition was also explored using anchor-based and distribution-based methods. RESULTS: Test-retest reliability analyses supported the reproducibility of the fatigue NRS in patients with PsA (intraclass correlation coefficient=0.829). Mean (SD) values at baseline and week 2 were 5.7 (2.2) and 5.7 (2.4), respectively. Supporting construct validity of the fatigue NRS, moderate-to-large correlations with other assessments measuring similar concepts as measured by Sackett's conventions were demonstrated. Fatigue severity was reduced when the underlying disease activity was improved and reductions remained consistent at week 12 and 24. A 3-point improvement was identified as being optimal for demonstrating a level of clinically meaningful improvement in fatigue NRS after 12-24 weeks of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Fatigue NRS is a valid and responsive patient-reported outcome instrument for use in patients with PsA. The established psychometric properties from this study support the use of fatigue NRS in clinical trials and in routine clinical practice. Robust validation of reliability for use in routine clinical practice in treating patients with active PsA in less active disease states and other more diverse ethnic groups is needed.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Information about the pre-diagnosis period in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is limited. We compared health care utilization related to musculoskeletal issues during a 5-year period prior to the diagnosis of PsA versus subjects with no prior inflammatory arthritis within a primary care setting. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, matched cohort study using electronic medical records and administrative data in Ontario, Canada. Age- and sex-matched cohorts of PsA patients and comparators from the same family physicians were assembled. Comparators were not allowed to have prior spondyloarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, or rheumatoid arthritis billing code diagnoses. The study outcomes included health care utilization and costs related to non-specific musculoskeletal issues during a 5-year period prior to the index date. RESULTS: We studied 462 PsA patients and 2310 matched comparators. The odds ratio (OR) related to visiting a primary care physician for nonspecific musculoskeletal issues in patients with PsA was 2.14 (95% CI 1.73, 2.64) in the year immediately preceding the index date and was similarly elevated up to 5 years prior. The OR related to using other musculoskeletal-related health care services, including musculoskeletal specialists visits, joint injections, joint imaging, and emergency department visits, were higher in PsA as early as 5 years preceding the index date. Total and musculoskeletal-related healthcare costs prior to the index date were higher in patients with PsA versus comparators. CONCLUSION: A prodromal PsA phase, characterized by non-specific musculoskeletal symptoms may exist. Further study is needed to determine if this represents a window for earlier diagnosis of PsA.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(3): 356-362, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Using a reversible multistate model, we prospectively examined neuropsychiatric (NP) events for attribution, outcome and association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), in an international, inception cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHODS: Annual assessments for 19 NP events attributed to SLE and non-SLE causes, physician determination of outcome and patient HRQoL (short-form (SF)-36 scores) were measured. Time-to-event analysis and multistate modelling examined the onset, recurrence and transition between NP states. RESULTS: NP events occurred in 955/1827 (52.3%) patients and 592/1910 (31.0%) unique events were attributed to SLE. In the first 2 years of follow-up the relative risk (95% CI) for SLE NP events was 6.16 (4.96, 7.66) and non-SLE events was 4.66 (4.01, 5.43) compared with thereafter. Patients without SLE NP events at initial assessment had a 74% probability of being event free at 10 years. For non-SLE NP events the estimate was 48%. The majority of NP events resolved over 10 years but mortality was higher in patients with NP events attributed to SLE (16%) versus patients with no NPSLE events (6%) while the rate was comparable in patients with non-SLE NP events (7%) compared with patients with no non-SLE events (6%). Patients with NP events had lower SF-36 summary scores compared with those without NP events and resolved NP states (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: NP events occur most frequently around the diagnosis of SLE. Although the majority of events resolve they are associated with reduced HRQoL and excess mortality. Multistate modelling is well suited for the assessment of NP events in SLE.

8.
J Autoimmun ; 106: 102340, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has potential as a prognosis and severity biomarker in several inflammatory and infectious diseases. In a previous cross-sectional study, suPAR levels were shown to reflect damage accrual in cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Herein, we evaluated suPAR as a predictor of future organ damage in recent-onset SLE. METHODS: Included were 344 patients from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) Inception Cohort who met the 1997 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria with 5-years of follow-up data available. Baseline sera from patients and age- and sex-matched controls were assayed for suPAR. Organ damage was assessed annually using the SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI). RESULTS: The levels of suPAR were higher in patients who accrued damage, particularly those with SDI≥2 at 5 years (N = 32, 46.8% increase, p = 0.004), as compared to patients without damage. Logistic regression analysis revealed a significant impact of suPAR on SDI outcome (SDI≥2; OR = 1.14; 95% CI 1.03-1.26), also after adjustment for confounding factors. In an optimized logistic regression to predict damage, suPAR persisted as a predictor, together with baseline disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), age, and non-Caucasian ethnicity (model AUC = 0.77). Dissecting SDI into organ systems revealed higher suPAR levels in patients who developed musculoskeletal damage (SDI≥1; p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Prognostic biomarkers identify patients who are at risk of acquiring early damage and therefore need careful observation and targeted treatment strategies. Overall, suPAR constitutes an interesting biomarker for patient stratification and for identifying SLE patients who are at risk of acquiring organ damage during the first 5 years of disease.

9.
J Rheumatol ; 47(1): 72-81, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a Frailty Index (FI) as a measure of vulnerability to adverse outcomes among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), using data from the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) inception cohort. METHODS: The SLICC inception cohort consists of recently diagnosed patients with SLE followed annually with clinical and laboratory assessments. For this analysis, the baseline visit was defined as the first study visit at which sufficient information was available for construction of an FI. Following a standard procedure, variables from the SLICC database were evaluated as potential health deficits. Selected health deficits were then used to generate a SLICC-FI. The prevalence of frailty in the baseline dataset was evaluated using established cutpoints for FI values. RESULTS: The 1683 patients with SLE (92.1% of the overall cohort) eligible for inclusion in the baseline dataset were mostly female (89%) with mean (SD) age 35.7 (13.4) years and mean (SD) disease duration 18.8 (15.7) months at baseline. Of 222 variables, 48 met criteria for inclusion in the SLICC-FI. Mean (SD) SLICC-FI was 0.17 (0.08) with a range from 0 to 0.51. At baseline, 27.1% (95% CI 25.0-29.2) of patients were classified as frail, based on SLICC-FI values > 0.21. CONCLUSION: The SLICC inception cohort permits feasible construction of an FI for use in patients with SLE. Even in a relatively young cohort of patients with SLE, frailty was common. The SLICC-FI may be a useful tool for identifying patients with SLE who are most vulnerable to adverse outcomes, but validation of this index is required prior to its use.

10.
J Rheumatol ; 47(1): 66-71, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709950

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerotic vascular events (AVE) are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We aimed to determine the effect of early recognition and therapy for both classic risk factors for AVE and for SLE, on the burden of AVE in SLE in recent decades. METHODS: Inception patients who entered the University of Toronto Lupus Clinic between 1975 and 1987 followed to 1992 (Cohort 1), and between 1999 and 2011 followed to 2016 (Cohort 2) were studied. AVE attributed to atherosclerosis and occurring during the 17 years were identified. SLE disease activity and therapy as well as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia, and smoking were assessed. Analysis included descriptive statistics on baseline characteristics, traditional risk factors over the followup, outcome rates by each 100 person-years (PY), Kaplan-Meier cumulative AVE curves, as well as competing risk Cox models adjusted by inverse probability weights. RESULTS: Of the 234 patients in Cohort 1, 26 patients (11%) had an AVE compared with 10 of 262 patients (3.8%) in Cohort 2. The rate per 100 PY of followup was 1.8 in Cohort 1 and 0.44 in Cohort 2 (p < 0.0001). Better control of all risk factors and disease activity was achieved in Cohort 2. There was a reduction of 60% in the risk for AVE in Cohort 2. CONCLUSION: The incidence of AVE in SLE in the modern era has declined in large part owing to more effective management of classic coronary artery risk factors and of SLE.

11.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(1): 67-77, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390162

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, clinical characteristics, associations, and outcomes of different types of peripheral nervous system (PNS) disease in a multiethnic/multiracial, prospective inception cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHODS: Patients were evaluated annually for 19 neuropsychiatric (NP) events including 7 types of PNS disease. SLE disease activity, organ damage, autoantibodies, and patient and physician assessment of outcome were measured. Time to event and linear regressions were used as appropriate. RESULTS: Of 1,827 SLE patients, 88.8% were female, and 48.8% were white. The mean ± SD age was 35.1 ± 13.3 years, disease duration at enrollment was 5.6 ± 4.2 months, and follow-up was 7.6 ± 4.6 years. There were 161 PNS events in 139 (7.6%) of 1,827 patients. The predominant events were peripheral neuropathy (66 of 161 [41.0%]), mononeuropathy (44 of 161 [27.3%]), and cranial neuropathy (39 of 161 [24.2%]), and the majority were attributed to SLE. Multivariate Cox regressions suggested longer time to resolution in patients with a history of neuropathy, older age at SLE diagnosis, higher SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 scores, and for peripheral neuropathy versus other neuropathies. Neuropathy was associated with significantly lower Short Form 36 (SF-36) physical and mental component summary scores versus no NP events. According to physician assessment, the majority of neuropathies resolved or improved over time, which was associated with improvements in SF-36 summary scores for peripheral neuropathy and mononeuropathy. CONCLUSION: PNS disease is an important component of total NPSLE and has a significant negative impact on health-related quality of life. The outcome is favorable for most patients, but our findings indicate that several factors are associated with longer time to resolution.

12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(1): 69-76, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) and Disease Activity Index for Psoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) are composite PsA disease activity measures. We sought to identify the PASDAS and DAPSA cut-off points consistent with patient acceptable symptom state (PASS), the threshold of symptoms beyond which patients consider themselves well, and examine PASS across published PASDAS and DAPSA thresholds for low, moderate and high disease activity. METHODS: We used a standard protocol including physician assessment and patient-reported outcomes to prospectively record measures required to calculate PASDAS and DAPSA. We identified PASS thresholds for the PASDAS and DAPSA using receiver operating characteristics curve analyses. We assessed the frequency of reporting acceptable symptom state across disease activity thresholds for PASDAS and DAPSA scores. RESULTS: A total of 229 patients (58.5% male, mean age 55.5 years, mean disease duration 17.1 years) were recruited. The PASS threshold for the PASDAS was 3.79 [area under the curve (AUC) 0.86, sensitivity 0.75, specificity 0.82] and for the DAPSA was 11.10 (AUC 0.91, sensitivity 0.89, specificity 0.82). With the PASDAS, 90% of patients defined as having low disease activity considered their symptom state acceptable, compared with 55% and 17% among those with moderate and high disease activity, respectively. With the DAPSA, 98% of patients in disease remission considered their symptom state acceptable compared with 85, 22 and 18% among those with low, moderate and high disease activity, respectively. CONCLUSION: We have defined PASS thresholds for PASDAS and DAPSA. The PASDAS target for low disease activity and DAPSA targets of low disease activity or remission align well with PASS.

13.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(1): 90-98, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: LN is one of the most common and severe manifestations of SLE. Our aim was to test the association of SLE risk loci with LN risk in childhood-onset SLE (cSLE) and adult-onset SLE (aSLE). METHODS: Two Toronto-based tertiary care SLE cohorts included cSLE (diagnosed <18 years) and aSLE patients (diagnosed ⩾18 years). Patients met ACR and/or SLICC SLE criteria and were genotyped on the Illumina Multi-Ethnic Global Array or Omni1-Quad arrays. We identified those with and without biopsy-confirmed LN. HLA and non-HLA additive SLE risk-weighted genetic risk scores (GRSs) were tested for association with LN risk in logistic models, stratified by cSLE/aSLE and ancestry. Stratified effect estimates were meta-analysed. RESULTS: Of 1237 participants, 572 had cSLE (41% with LN) and 665 had aSLE (30% with LN). Increasing non-HLA GRS was significantly associated with increased LN risk [odds ratio (OR) = 1.26; 95% CI 1.09, 1.46; P = 0.0006], as was increasing HLA GRS in Europeans (OR = 1.55; 95% CI 1.07, 2.25; P = 0.03). There was a trend for stronger associations between both GRSs and LN risk in Europeans with cSLE compared with aSLE. When restricting cases to proliferative LN, the magnitude of these associations increased for both the non-HLA (OR = 1.30; 95% CI 1.10, 1.52; P = 0.002) and HLA GRS (OR = 1.99; 95% CI 1.29, 3.08; P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: We observed an association between known SLE risk loci and LN risk in children and adults with SLE, with the strongest effect observed among Europeans with cSLE. Future studies will include SLE-risk single nucleotide polymorphisms specific to non-European ancestral groups and validate findings in an independent cohort.

15.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the prevalence and incidence, and identify the factors associated with liver abnormalities in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: From a longitudinal cohort study we identified PsA patients with either elevated serum transaminase or alkaline phosphatase levels or liver disease after the first visit to the PsA clinic (cases). Controls were subjects from the same cohort who never had such abnormalities or liver disease. Cases and controls were matched 1:1 by sex, age at the first clinic visit, and follow-up duration, variables at the onset of the first appearance of liver test abnormality associated with liver abnormalities were identified using univariate logistic and multivariate logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Among 1061 patients followed in the PsA clinic, 343 had liver abnormalities. 256 patients who developed liver abnormalities after the first visit were identified as cases, 718 patients were identified as controls. The prevalence of liver abnormalities was 32% and the incidence was 39/1000 patient-years where there were 256 cases over 6533 total person years in the PsA cohort. Liver abnormalities were detected after a mean (s.d.) follow up duration of 8.3 ±7.8 years. The common causes of liver abnormalities were drug- induced hepatitis and fatty liver. Higher BMI, daily alcohol intake, higher damaged joint count, elevated CRP, use of methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide (LFN) or TNF inhibitors were independent factors associated with liver abnormalities. CONCLUSION: Liver abnormalities are common among patients with PsA and are associated with higher BMI, more severe disease and certain therapies.

16.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31615919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of secukinumab with that of placebo across the updated Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis and Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (GRAPPA-OMERACT) individual PsA core domains using pooled data from 4 phase 3 psoriatic arthritis (PsA) studies and 1 phase 3 ankylosing spondylitis (AS) study. METHODS: Data were pooled from 2049 patients with PsA participating in 4 on-label phase 3 PsA studies (FUTURE 2-5), and the efficacy of each GRAPPA-OMERACT PsA core domain (musculoskeletal disease activity, skin disease activity, pain, patient global assessment, physical function, health-related quality of life, fatigue, and systemic inflammation) was assessed using multiple measures and definitions specific to each domain. The MEASURE 2 study, a phase 3 clinical trial in patients with AS, was used to assess improvement in spine symptoms at Week 16. RESULTS: Treatment with secukinumab demonstrated robust and consistent efficacy across all GRAPPA-OMERACT PsA core domains, with secukinumab 300 mg showing the greatest response rates across most PsA core domains compared with placebo at Week 16. Notably, among patients treated with secukinumab 300 mg, 34.3% and 19.5% achieved complete resolution of swollen and tender joint counts, respectively, 53.2% and 61.5% achieved complete resolution of enthesitis and dactylitis, respectively, and 33.2% achieved 100% improvement in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (all P < 0.05 vs placebo); similar improvements were shown for all other core domains. CONCLUSION: This analysis suggests that secukinumab can benefit people with PsA across the clinical phenotypic spectrum commonly encountered in this disease.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare patients with ankylosing spondylitis with psoriasis (ASP) and without psoriasis (AS), to axial PsA (axPsA) patients. METHODS: Two adult cohorts were recruited from the AS clinic: ASP and AS. These two cohorts were compared with two adult cohorts recruited from the PsA clinic: axPsA (radiographic sacroiliitis: ⩾bilateral grade 2 or unilateral grade 3 or 4); and Peripheral PsA. All patients were followed prospectively according to the same protocol. The demographic, clinical and radiographic variables were compared. Adjusted means were used to account for varying intervals between visits. A logistic regression was performed and adjusted for follow-up duration. RESULTS: There were 477 axPsA patients, 826 peripheral PsA, 675 AS and 91 ASP patients included. AS patients were younger (P < 0.001), more male and HLA-B*27 positive (76%, 72% vs 64%, P ⩽ 0.001, 82%, 75%, vs 19%, P = 0.001). They had more back pain at presentation (90%, 92% vs 19%, P = 0.001), worse axial disease activity scores (bath ankylosing spondylitis disease activity index: 4.1, 3.9 vs 3.5 P = 0.017), worse back metrology (bath ankylosing spondylitis metrology index: 2.9, 2.2 vs 1.8, P < 0.001), worse physician global assessments (2.4, 2.2 vs 2.1, P < 0.001), were treated more with biologics (29%, 21% vs 7%, P = 0.001) and had a higher grade of sacroiliitis (90%, 84% vs 51%, P < 0.001). Similar differences were detected in the comparison of ASP to axPsA and in a regression model. CONCLUSION: AS patients, with or without psoriasis, seem to be different demographically, genetically, clinically and radiographically from axPsA patients. axPsA seems to be a distinct entity.

18.
F1000Res ; 82019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583079

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a multisystemic, inflammatory skin condition that can affect many areas of the body, but most commonly the extensor surfaces of the elbows and knees, and sometimes the intergluteal and umbilical area. It has a prevalence of 2-4% in western adults, and 20--30% of psoriasis patients will develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA). PsA is an inflammatory musculoskeletal disease associated with cutaneous psoriasis. It affects men and women almost equally with a peak age at onset of 40 and 50 years. It is a diverse disease that affects multiple organ systems includes peripheral and axial joints, entheses, skin, and nails. PsA is associated with comorbidities such as osteoporosis, uveitis, subclinical bowel inflammation, and cardiovascular disease. Given this heterogeneity, its diagnosis has been difficult. Here we present an updated review of its classification criteria CASPAR (classification criteria for PsA), use of screening tools to aid in early diagnosis, recent findings on pathogenesis, and new therapeutic approaches including new biologic medications.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Pele/patologia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609532

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data regarding healthcare costs associated with damage accrual in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We describe costs associated with damage states across the disease course using multi-state modeling. METHODS: Patients from 33 centres in 11 countries were enrolled in the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) inception cohort within 15 months of diagnosis. Annual data on demographics, disease activity, damage (SLICC/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Damage Index [SDI]), hospitalizations, medications, dialysis, and selected procedures were collected. Ten-year cumulative costs (Canadian dollars) were estimated by multiplying annual costs associated with each SDI state by the expected state duration using a multi-state model. RESULTS: 1687 patients participated, 88.7% female, 49.0% of Caucasian race/ethnicity, mean age at diagnosis 34.6 years (SD 13.3), and mean follow up 8.9 years (range 0.6-18.5). Annual costs were higher in those with higher SDIs (SDI ≥ 5: $22 006 2019 CDN, 95% CI $16 662, $27 350 versus SDI=0: $1833, 95% CI $1134, $2532). Similarly, 10-year cumulative costs were higher in those with higher SDIs at the beginning of the 10-year interval (SDI ≥ 5: $189 073, 95% CI $142 318, $235 827 versus SDI=0: $21 713, 95% CI $13 639, $29 788). CONCLUSION: Patients with the highest SDIs incur 10-year cumulative costs that are almost 9-fold higher than those with the lowest SDIs. By estimating the damage trajectory and incorporating annual costs, damage can be used to estimate future costs, critical knowledge for evaluating the cost-effectiveness of novel therapies.

20.
RMD Open ; 5(2): e001002, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565243

RESUMO

Objective: To comprehensively assess evidence on the measurement properties of the minimal disease activity (MDA) criteria, a composite measure of the state of disease activity in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Methods: A targeted literature review was conducted to identify studies that informed the validity and/or ability of the MDA to detect change among patients known to have experienced a change in clinical status. The search was conducted using MEDLINE and Embase databases (published as of October 2017). Pertinent articles provided by investigators and identified from select conference proceedings were also evaluated. Results: A total of 20 publications met the inclusion criteria. The MDA criteria were consistently associated with other indicators of disease activity/severity. The ability of the MDA criteria to detect change was supported in randomised controlled trials (n=10), with a greater percentage of patients randomised to active treatments achieving MDA relative to patients in comparator arms. Long-term observational studies (n=2) provided additional support for the ability of the MDA to detect within-subject change in the real-world settings. Conclusion: Evidence supports the MDA as a valid measure of disease activity in PsA that can detect between-group and within-subject change. The MDA is a comprehensive measure and clinically meaningful endpoint to assess the impact of interventions on PsA disease activity.

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