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1.
Macromol Biosci ; : e2000199, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852141

RESUMO

A new general method to covalently link a peptide to cotton via thiazolidine ring formation is developed. Three different analogues of an ultrashort antibacterial peptide are synthesized to create an antibacterial fabric. The chemical ligation approach to the heterogeneous phase made up of insoluble cellulose fibers and a peptide solution in water is adapted. The selective click reaction occurs between an N-terminal cysteine on the peptide and an aldehyde on the cotton matrix. The aldehyde is generated on the primary alcohol of glucose by means of the enzyme laccase and the cocatalyst 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl. This keeps the pyranose rings intact and may bring a benefit to the mechanical properties of the fabric. The presence of the peptide on cotton is demonstrated through instant colorimetric tests, UV spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. The antibacterial activity of the peptides is maintained even after their covalent attachment to cotton fibers.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(34): 18798-18805, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440668

RESUMO

Substitution of critical raw materials such as platinum group metals in automotive catalysts is challenging. In this work we prepared a nanocomposite in which CuO nanoparticles are highly dispersed on a La0.5Sr0.5CoO3 perovskite-type oxide. The behaviour and reactivity under three way catalyst conditions was monitored by operando time-resolved high-energy X-ray diffraction under oscillating rich/lean feed. The reducing environment converted CuO into Cu(0) in a two step process: Cu(ii) to Cu(i) and to Cu(0), while the perovskite evolved to an oxygen deficient brownmillerite phase. These structural transformations are shown to be crucial for catalytic activity. The in situ generated Cu(0)/Cu(i)/brownmillerite nanocomposite is active for NO reduction above 300 °C, reaching 90% NO conversion at 450 °C. The effect of feed composition on the diffraction patterns was studied by Rietveld refinement in order to rationalize the experimental observations under TWC conditions.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 58(23): 15942-15952, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710214

RESUMO

In the present work, nanostructured perovskite oxides with improved reactivity, tunable morphology, and different forms (powder, thin films) were prepared using acrylic molecules such as acrylamide, acrylic acid, and methacrylic acid as novel chelating agents in a straightforward fashion. The approach, developed for LaCoO3, was also applied to oxides of the type LaMO3 (M = Fe, Ni), SrTiO3, and solid solutions thereof. The polymer-to-oxide evolution followed by XRD and IR showed merely a minimal amount of carbonate residuals even at temperatures as low as 600 °C. The different cross-linking degree of the polymeric compounds influenced the material crystallization leading to oxides with different grain sizes at the same calcination temperature. Among the prepared perovskites, acrylamide-derived LaCoO3 exhibited the highest oxygen surface reactivity as demonstrated by XPS and TPD measurements. As a result, the materials showed enhanced catalytic performance, leading to complete oxidation of CO at approximately 200 °C, which was almost 100 °C lower than for citric-acid-based samples. Finally, by exploiting the UV photopolymerization of the acrylic group, homogeneous, crystalline perovskite thin films of optical quality were successfully prepared through a straightforward spin-coating approach. The findings of this work demonstrate that this novel synthesis route is a better alternative to state-of-the-art citrate-based methods for the preparation of prospective catalysis, sensing, and energy conversion materials of high purity, activity, and tunable form.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 549: 1-8, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015051

RESUMO

The development of new safe inorganic UV filters to effectively protect the skin from ultraviolet (UV) radiation effects is an emerging issue. Bismuth titanate-based UV filters embedded into mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) represent a new class of inorganic sunscreens, with excellent UVA and UVB shielding properties. In addition, the presence of bismuth ions promotes a self-sealing process, allowing (i) the entrapment of the active phases in the deepest core of the system and (ii) the formation of an external glassy silica layer with a consequent suppression of the photocatalytic activity. In this work, aimed at studying in detail the self-sealing mechanism and accessing the role of bismuth ions in the formation of the system, a series of samples impregnated with a different amount of bismuth were investigated. The self-sealing process already occurs at the lowest content of bismuth and the mechanism is demonstrated to be triggered by the ability of Bi to work as a low-melting point agent for silica. Finally, a sunscreen formulation containing the new UV filter was prepared and the Sun Protection Factor (SPF), the pH and the viscosity were measured, demonstrating the potential of the proposed material for large-scale applications.

5.
J Inorg Biochem ; 182: 18-28, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29407866

RESUMO

Three new 2-oxo-1,2-dihydrobenzo[h]quinoline-3-carbaldehyde terminal substituted aroylhydrazone ligands (2-Oxo-1,2-dihydrobenzo[h]quinoline-3-carbaldehyde(2'-hydroxybenzoyl)hydrazine, H2L1, 1, 2-Oxo-1,2-dihydrobenzo[h]quinoline-3-carbaldehyde(2'-hydroxybenzoyl)hydrazine, H2L2, 2, 2-Oxo-1,2-dihydrobenzo[h]quinoline-3-carbaldehyde(2'-hydroxybenzoyl)hydrazine, H2L3, 3) and the corresponding novel copper(II) complexes [Cu(L)(CH3OH)(NO3)](L = HL1 (4), HL2 (5), HL3 (6-6+), have been synthesized to compare their coordination behaviour and biological activity with respect to the presence of an OH group in different positions of the phenyl ring in the hydrazone moieties. The new ligands and their copper complexes were characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques. The molecular structures of the new complexes 4 and 6-6+ were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The interactions of the free ligands and their copper complexes with calf thymus DNA were tested by absorption measurements and ethidium bromide competitive studies which revealed that all compounds may interact with calf thymus DNA through intercalation. Furthermore, a comparative analysis of the cytotoxic effect of the compounds on a panel of human cancer cell lines showed that the copper complexes exhibited in vitro antitumor activity significantly higher than that of the free ligands and also of cisplatin.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/toxicidade , Cobre/química , Compostos Organometálicos/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/toxicidade , Quinolinas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Complexos de Coordenação/química , DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA/genética , Clivagem do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Plasmídeos
6.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 18(48): 33282-33286, 2016 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27896341

RESUMO

The energetics of the catalytic oxidation of CO on a complex metal oxide are investigated for the first time via density functional theory calculations. The catalyst, Co-doped SrTiO3, is modelled using periodically repeated slabs based on the SrTiO3(100) surface. The comparison of the energy profiles obtained for the pure host and the Co-doped material reveals the actual pathway followed by the reaction, and shows that Co doping enhances the catalytic properties of SrTiO3 by reducing the energy cost for the formation of oxygen vacancies.

7.
Biofouling ; 27(5): 529-41, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21614701

RESUMO

Amphiphilic diblock copolymers, Sz6 and Sz12, consisting of a poly(dimethylsiloxane) block (average degree of polymerisation = 132) and a PEGylated-fluoroalkyl modified polystyrene block (Sz, average degree of polymerisation = 6, 12) were prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Coatings were obtained from blends of either block copolymer (1-10 wt%) with a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) matrix. The coating surface presented a simultaneous hydrophobic and lipophobic character, owing to the strong surface segregation of the lowest surface energy fluoroalkyl chains of the block copolymer. Surface chemical composition and wettability of the films were affected by exposure to water. Block copolymer Sz6 was also blended with PDMS and a 0.1 wt% amount of multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNT). The excellent fouling-release (FR) properties of these new coatings against the macroalga Ulva linza essentially resulted from the inclusion of the amphiphilic block copolymer, while the addition of CNT did not appear to improve the FR properties.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Dimetilpolisiloxanos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Poliestirenos/química , Água/química , Nanocompostos/química , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Polimerização , Propriedades de Superfície , Ulva/metabolismo , Molhabilidade
8.
J Chromatogr A ; 1216(12): 2345-54, 2009 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19178911

RESUMO

Octadecyl (C(18)) modified metal oxide substrates, including titania, zirconia, hafnia, and alumina, are prepared using two types of silylating reagents, n-octadecyltrihydridosilane and n-octadecyltrichlorosilane. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and solid-state (29)Si nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements are performed to examine the cross-linking of the silanes. Solid-state (13)C NMR spectroscopy provides information about the conformation and mobility of surface-immobilized alkyl chains. Variable temperature FTIR investigations are carried out to study the influence of the organosilane precursors and metal oxides on the conformational order of the alkyl modified systems. It is found that grafting by means of n-octadecyltrichlorosilane yields higher grafting densities than surface modification with n-octadecyltrihydridosilane. Combined pyridine adsorption and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) measurements are performed on the titania and hafnia substrates to evaluate potential surface heterogeneities, i.e. Lewis and Brønsted sites. Differences in the alkyl chain conformational order within the series of C(18) modified metal oxides are explained by the presence of island structures. The reduced C(18) conformational order for the samples grafted with n-octadecyltrihydridosilane is traced back to the lower grafting density which in turn points to a lower reactivity of this silylating reagent. The most striking result is the higher conformational order of the C(18) chains grafted in the present surface modified metal oxides when compared with silica-based systems. This finding is attributed to the lower porosity of the metal oxide supports along with more closely packed chains on the surface.


Assuntos
Metais/química , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular/métodos , Óxidos/química , Silanos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Háfnio/química , Ponto Isoelétrico , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura , Titânio/química , Zircônio/química
9.
Langmuir ; 24(22): 13138-47, 2008 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18928304

RESUMO

New amphiphilic block copolymers S nSz m consisting of blocks with varied degrees of polymerization, n and m, of polystyrene, S, and polystyrene carrying an amphiphilic polyoxyethylene-polytetrafluoroethylene chain side-group, Sz, were prepared by controlled atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The block copolymers, either alone or in a blend with commercial SEBS (10 wt% SEBS), were spin-coated in thinner films (200-400 nm) on glass and spray-coated in thicker films ( approximately 500 nm) on a SEBS underlayer (150-200 microm). Angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements proved that at any photoemission angle, varphi, the atomic ratio F/C was larger than that expected from the known stoichiometry. Consistent with the enrichment of the outer film surface (3-10 nm) in F content, the measured contact angles, theta, with water (theta w > or = 107 degrees ) and n-hexadecane (theta h > or = 64 degrees ) pointed to the simultaneous hydrophobic and lipophobic character of the films. The film surface tension gamma S calculated from the theta values was in the range 13-15 mN/m. However, the XPS measurements on the "wet" films after immersion in water demonstrated that the film surface underwent reconstruction owing to its amphiphilic nature, thereby giving rise to a more chemically heterogeneous structure. The atomic force microscopy (AFM) images (tapping mode/AC mode) revealed well-defined morphological features of the nanostructured films. Depending on the chemical composition of the block copolymers, spherical (ca. 20 nm diameter) and lying cylindrical (24-29 nm periodicity) nanodomains of the S discrete phase were segregated from the Sz continuous matrix (root-mean-square, rms, roughness approximately 1 nm). After immersion in water, the underwater AFM patterns evidenced a transformation to a mixed surface structure, in which the nanoscale heterogeneity and topography (rms = 1-6 nm) were increased. The coatings were subjected to laboratory bioassays to explore their intrinsic ability to resist the settlement and reduce the adhesion strength of two marine algae, viz., the macroalga (seaweed) Ulva linza and the unicellular diatom Navicula perminuta. The amphiphilic nature of the copolymer coatings resulted in distinctly different performances against these two organisms. Ulva adhered less strongly to the coatings richer in the amphiphilic polystyrene component, percentage removal being maximal at intermediate weight contents. In contrast, Navicula cells adhered less strongly to coatings with a lower weight percentage of the amphiphilic side chains. The results are discussed in terms of the changes in surface structure caused by immersion and the effects such changes may have on the adhesion of the test organisms.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas/química , Polímeros/química , Animais , Bromo/química , Diatomáceas , Eucariotos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Poliestirenos/química , Politetrafluoretileno/química , Alga Marinha , Silicones/química , Espectrometria por Raios X/métodos , Propriedades de Superfície
10.
J Phys Chem B ; 110(6): 2515-21, 2006 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16471849

RESUMO

CeO(2)/YSZ nanocomposite powders, characterized by increasing Ce/Zr atomic ratio, were obtained by depositing, by wet impregnation, different amounts of CeO(2) on the yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) surface. These powders were characterized by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Experimental results allow us to obtain interesting information concerning the growth mode, the morphology, and the dimensions of the CeO(2) clusters on the YSZ supporting surface. A 3-D growing mechanism was observed for the CeO(2) nanoparticles. With increasing Ce/Zr atomic ratio the CeO(2) clusters become more and more spherical. Moreover, XPS data also show the presence of Ce(III) and Ce(IV) ions at the interface supported/supporting oxides.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 42(2): 436-45, 2003 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12693225

RESUMO

Density functional molecular cluster calculations are combined with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), quadrupolar mass spectrometry (QMS), and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy to investigate the interaction of CO2 with alpha-Al2O3 and partially reduced alpha-Al2O3. The electronic structure of the stoichiometric and partially reduced substrate, adsorbate geometries, chemisorption enthalpies, and adsorbate vibrational parameters are computed and discussed. Theoretical results agree quite well with experimental data and previous theoretical investigations. As far as the adsorbate-substrate interaction is concerned, the results of our calculations indicate that CO2 forms bidentate-chelating carbonate species. The bonding scheme of this surface complex implies a significant substrate-->adsorbate transfer of charge (from the occupied dangling bond of a surface Lewis base site into one component of the CO2 2 pi u LUMO) assisted by a definitely weaker adsorbate-->substrate donation (from one component of the CO2 1 pi g HOMO into an empty dangling bond of a surface Lewis acid site). Our estimate of the chemisorption enthalpy (-15 kcal/mol) agrees quantitatively with calorimetric data reported for CO2 adsorbed on high surface area alpha-alumina (-16.0 kcal/mol). [Mao, C.-F.; Vannice, M. A. Appl. Catal. A 1994, 111, 151.] According to XPS and QMS outcomes, theoretical results predict that the interaction of CO2 with partially reduced alpha-Al2O3 gives rise to the reduction of the adsorbate to CO and to the concomitant substrate reoxidation.

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