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Phys Rev Lett ; 129(15): 150603, 2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36269947


We present an effective field theory for the nonlinear fluctuating hydrodynamics of a single conserved charge with or without time-reversal symmetry, based on the Martin-Siggia-Rose formalism. Applying this formalism to fluids with only charge and multipole conservation, and with broken time-reversal symmetry, we predict infinitely many new dynamical universality classes, including some with arbitrarily large upper critical dimensions. Using large scale simulations of classical Markov chains, we find numerical evidence for a breakdown of hydrodynamics in quadrupole-conserving models with broken time-reversal symmetry in one spatial dimension. Our framework can be applied to the hydrodynamics around stationary states of open systems, broadening the applicability of previously developed ideas and methods to a wide range of systems in driven and active matter.

Phys Rev Lett ; 124(23): 236802, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603169


We show that dirty quantum Hall systems exhibit large hydrodynamic fluctuations at their edge that lead to anomalously damped charge excitations in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality class ω≃ck-iDk^{3/2}. The dissipative optical conductivity of the edge is singular at low frequencies σ(ω)∼1/ω^{1/3}. These results are direct consequences of the charge continuity relation, the chiral anomaly, and thermalization on the edge-in particular translation invariance is not assumed. Diffusion of heat similarly breaks down, with a universality class that depends on whether the bulk thermal Hall conductivity vanishes. We further establish the theory of fluctuating hydrodynamics for surface chiral metals, where charge fluctuations give logarithmic corrections to transport.