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Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445337


In fibrotic diseases, myofibroblasts derive from a range of cell types including endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT). Increasing evidence suggests that miRNAs are key regulators in biological processes but their profile is relatively understudied in EndMT. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), EndMT was induced by treatment with TGFß2 and IL1ß. A significant decrease in endothelial markers such as VE-cadherin, CD31 and an increase in mesenchymal markers such as fibronectin were observed. In parallel, miRNA profiling showed that miR-126-3p was down-regulated in HUVECs undergoing EndMT and over-expression of miR-126-3p prevented EndMT, maintaining CD31 and repressing fibronectin expression. EndMT was investigated using lineage tracing with transgenic Cdh5-Cre-ERT2; Rosa26R-stop-YFP mice in two established models of fibrosis: cardiac ischaemic injury and kidney ureteric occlusion. In both cardiac and kidney fibrosis, lineage tracing showed a significant subpopulation of endothelial-derived cells expressed mesenchymal markers, indicating they had undergone EndMT. In addition, miR-126-3p was restricted to endothelial cells and down-regulated in murine fibrotic kidney and heart tissue. These findings were confirmed in patient kidney biopsies. MiR-126-3p expression is restricted to endothelial cells and is down-regulated during EndMT. Over-expression of miR-126-3p reduces EndMT, therefore, it could be considered for miRNA-based therapeutics in fibrotic organs.

Transdiferenciação Celular/genética , Rim/patologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Células Endoteliais/fisiologia , Fibrose/genética , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/patologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/fisiologia , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/patologia
BMC Nephrol ; 21(1): 220, 2020 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522162


BACKGROUND: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease is a recognized complication following solid organ transplantation. This is usually a B cell disease and frequently associated with Epstein Barr virus infection, although T cell PTLD can occur. T cell PTLD is usually a monomorphic, lymphomatous disease associated with an adverse prognosis. CASE REPORT: We report a 52 year old male pre-emptive renal transplant recipient who developed severe diarrhea with weight loss following intensification of his immunosuppression due to antibody mediated rejection 3 years after transplantation. Duodenal biopsy demonstrated monoclonal CD8+ T cell duodenitis leading to increased intraepithlieal lymphocytes and sub-total villous atrophy mimicking coeliac disease. Coeliac disease was excluded by negative anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody, HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 testing. There was no evidence of lymphoma either on biopsy or CT enterography and no FDG avid disease on PET. Symptoms did not improve with reduction of immunosuppression, but resolved fully on complete withdrawal of treatment. The transplant failed and he was established on dialysis. The diagnosis was early PTLD. CONCLUSIONS: Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy with small bowel biopsies is a useful investigation for determining the cause of diarrhoea in renal transplant patients when more common causes have been excluded. This is the first report that we are aware of clonal T cell PTLD mimicking coeliac disease which only resolved after complete withdrawal of immunosuppression. As treatments for lymphoma are aggressive they are only initiated in the malignant phase and management of early stage PTLD is to minimise risk of progression by reducing immunosuppression. Any plans to retransplant will have to take into consideration the possibility that PTLD will recur.

Transplantation ; 103(4): e64-e73, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907855


Fibrosis is a universal finding in chronic allograft dysfunction, and it is characterized by an accumulation of extracellular matrix. The precise source of the myofibroblasts responsible for matrix deposition is not understood, and pharmacological strategies for prevention or treatment of fibrosis remain limited. One source of myofibroblasts in fibrosis is an endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), a process first described in heart development and involving endothelial cells undergoing a phenotypic change to become more like mesenchymal cells. Recently, lineage tracing of endothelial cells in mouse models allowed studies of EndMT in vivo and reported 27% to 35% of myofibroblasts involved in cardiac fibrosis and 16% of isolated fibroblasts in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis to be of endothelial origin. Over the past decade, mature microRNAs (miRNAs) have increasingly been described as key regulators of biological processes through repression or degradation of targeted mRNA. The stability and abundance of miRNAs in body fluids make them attractive as potential biomarkers, and progress is being made in developing miRNA targeted therapeutics. In this review, we will discuss the evidence of miRNA regulation of EndMT from in vitro and in vivo studies and the potential relevance of this to heart, lung, and kidney allograft dysfunction.

Células Endoteliais/patologia , Mesoderma/patologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Animais , Doença Crônica , Fibrose , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/etiologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/fisiologia