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Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(20): e24571, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011020


INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is common among obstetric and gynecologic patients. This systematic review aimed to assess the comparative efficacy and safety of commonly used intravenous (IV) iron formulations, ferric carboxymaltose (FCM), and iron sucrose (IS) in the treatment of IDA in obstetric and gynecologic patients. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, and Google Scholar for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing IV iron replacement using FCM and IS up to October 2019. The primary outcome was to compare the efficacy of FCM and IS, assessed by measuring serum hemoglobin (Hb) and ferritin levels before and after iron replacement. The secondary outcome was to compare the safety of FCM and IS, assessed by the incidence of adverse events during iron replacement. The meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: We identified 9 RCTs with 910 patients (FCM group, n = 456; IS group, n = 454). Before iron replacement, FCM and IS group patients had similar baseline Hb (mean difference [MD], 0.04 g/dL; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.07 to 015; I2 = 0%; P = 0.48) and ferritin levels (MD, -0.42 ng/mL; 95% CI, -1.61 to 0.78; I2 = 45%; P = 0.49). Following iron replacement, patients who received FCM had higher Hb (MD, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.25-1.08; I2 = 92%; P = 0.002) and ferritin levels (MD, 24.41; 95% CI, 12.06-36.76; I2 = 75%; P = 0.0001) than patients who received IS. FCM group showed a lower incidence of adverse events following iron replacement than IS group (risk ratio, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.35-0.80; I2 = 0%; P = 0.003). Serious adverse events were not reported in any group. CONCLUSION: FCM group showed better efficacy in increasing Hb and ferritin levels and a favorable safety profile with fewer adverse events compared with IS group for IDA treatment among obstetric and gynecologic patients. However, this meta-analysis was limited by the small number of RCTs and high heterogeneity. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The review was prospectively registered with the International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews (, registration number CRD42019148905).

Anemia Ferropriva/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Férricos/administração & dosagem , Óxido de Ferro Sacarado/administração & dosagem , Hematínicos/administração & dosagem , Maltose/análogos & derivados , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Anemia Ferropriva/sangue , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Anemia Ferropriva/etiologia , Feminino , Compostos Férricos/efeitos adversos , Óxido de Ferro Sacarado/efeitos adversos , Ferritinas/sangue , Hematínicos/efeitos adversos , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Maltose/administração & dosagem , Maltose/efeitos adversos , Gravidez , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/sangue , Complicações Hematológicas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
J Int Med Res ; 49(2): 300060520961237, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535830


OBJECTIVE: General anaesthesia with tracheal intubation results in sore throat. We evaluated the influence of the two-handed jaw thrust on postoperative sore throat in patients who require tracheal intubation. METHODS: In this prospective, double-blind, single-centre, parallel-arm, and randomised trial, 92 patients who were scheduled for general anaesthesia for total hip arthroplasty were allocated to one of two groups. In the jaw thrust group (n = 46), the two-handed jaw thrust manoeuvre was applied at intubation. In the control group (n = 46), conventional intubation with sham jaw thrust was performed. Incidences of airway morbidities including sore throat, hoarseness, and cough at 2, 4, and 24 hours postoperatively were compared. RESULTS: During the postoperative 24 hours, the incidence of sore throat (8 [17%] vs. 20 [44%]) and hoarseness were lower in the jaw thrust group (8 [17%] vs. 18 [39%]) compared with the control group. The incidence of cough during the postoperative 24 hours was similar between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: The jaw thrust manoeuvre significantly reduced sore throat and hoarseness in patients after general anaesthesia using tracheal intubation.Clinical trial registration: NCT03568279.

Faringite , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Rouquidão/etiologia , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Faringite/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(43): e22739, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120774


OBJECTIVES: It was recently proposed that a costoclavicular (CC) approach can be used in ultrasound (US)-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block (BPB). In this study, we hypothesized that triple injections in each of the 3 cords in the CC space would result in a greater spread in the 4 major terminal nerves of the brachial plexus than a single injection in the CC space without increasing the local anesthetic (LA) volume. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients who underwent upper extremity surgery randomly received either a single injection (SI group, n = 34) or a triple injection (TI group, n = 34) using the CC approach. Ten milliliters of 2% lidocaine, 10 mL of 0.75% ropivacaine, and 5 mL of normal saline were used for BPB in each group (total 25 mL). Sensory-motor blockade of the ipsilateral median, radial, ulnar, and musculocutaneous nerves was assessed by a blinded observer at 5 minutes intervals for 30 minutes immediately after LA administration. RESULTS: Thirty minutes after the block, the blockage rate of all 4 nerves was significantly higher in the TI group than in the SI group (52.9% in the SI group vs 85.3% in the TI group, P = .004). But there was no significant difference in the anesthesia grade between the 2 groups (P = .262). The performance time was similar in the 2 groups (3.0 ±â€Š0.9 minutes in the SI group vs 3.2 ±â€Š1.2 minutes in the TI group, respectively; P = .54). DISCUSSION: The TI of CC approach increased the consistency of US-guided infraclavicular BPB in terms of the rate of blocking all 4 nerves without increasing the procedure time despite administering the same volume of the LA.

Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Bloqueio do Plexo Braquial/métodos , Antebraço/cirurgia , Mãos/cirurgia , Lidocaína/administração & dosagem , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Clavícula , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções/métodos , Injeções/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 91(2): 80-4, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27478813


PURPOSE: Transumbilical laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy (TULA) is a single incision technique that uses a combined intra- and extracorporeal method. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of TULA with conventional 3-port laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records between 2010 and 2014 identified 303 pediatric patients who underwent LA with uncomplicated acute appendicitis. Of these, 85 patients underwent TULA and 218 patients underwent conventional LA. Demographic data, clinical characteristics, perioperative outcomes and postoperative complications were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The mean operation time in the TULA group was 30.39 minutes, which was significantly shorter than that of the LA group (47.83 minutes) (P < 0.001). The first day of oral intake after surgery was earlier (1.05 days vs. 1.32 days; P < 0.001) and the length of hospital stay was also shorter (2.54 days vs. 3.22 days; P < 0.001) for the TULA group than the LA group. Furthermore, the postoperative complication rate was lower in the TULA group (1 of 85, 1.25%) compared to the LA group (19 of 218, 8.7%) (P = 0.018). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, TULA procedure is recommended for uncomplicated appendicitis in children due to its simplicity and better postoperative outcomes.