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Methods Mol Biol ; 2206: 27-37, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32754808


Blood vessel formation is a key feature in physiologic and pathologic processes. Once considered a homogeneous cell population that functions as a passive physical barrier between blood and tissue, endothelial cells (ECs) are now recognized to be quite "heterogeneous." While numerous attempts to enhance endothelial repair and replacement have been attempted using so called "endothelial progenitor cells" it is now clear that a better understanding of the origin, location, and activation of stem and progenitor cells of the resident vascular endothelium is required before attempting exogenous cell therapy approaches. This chapter provides an overview for performance of single-cell clonogenic studies of human umbilical cord blood circulating endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) that represent distinct precursors for the endothelial lineage with vessel forming potential.

J Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934123


OBJECTIVE: In 2015, the Canadian Vasculitis Research Network (CanVasc) created recommendations for the management of antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) in Canada. The current update aimed to revise existing recommendations and create additional recommendations, as needed, based on a review of new available evidence. METHODS: A needs assessment survey of CanVasc members informed questions for an updated systematic literature review (publications spanning May 2014-September 2019) using Medline, Embase, and Cochrane. New and revised recommendations were developed and categorized according to the level of evidence and strength of each recommendation. The CanVasc working group used a two-step modified Delphi procedure to reach >80% consensus on the inclusion, wording and grading of each new and revised recommendation. RESULTS: Eleven new and 16 revised recommendations were created, and 12 original (2015) recommendations were retained. New and revised recommendations are discussed in detail within this document. Five original recommendations were removed, of which 4 were incorporated into the explanatory text. The supplementary appendix for practical use was revised to reflect the updated recommendations. CONCLUSION: The 2020 updated recommendations provide rheumatologists, nephrologists, and other specialists caring for patients with AAV in Canada with new management guidance, based on current evidence and consensus from Canadian experts.

PLoS One ; 13(3): e0193749, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538431


OBJECTIVE: Endothelial dysfunction is central to the pathogenesis of many rheumatic diseases, typified by vascular inflammation and damage. Immunosuppressive drugs induce disease remission and lead to improved patient survival. However, there remains a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease in these patients even after adequate disease control. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of mycophenolic acid (MPA), a commonly used immunosuppressive drug in rheumatology, on blood vessel or circulating endothelial colony forming cell number and function. METHODS: We tested whether mycophenolic acid exerts an inhibitory effect on proliferation, clonogenic potential and vasculogenic function of endothelial colony forming cell. We also studied potential mechanisms involved in the observed effects. RESULTS: Treatment with MPA decreased endothelial colony forming cell proliferation, clonogenic potential and vasculogenic function in a dose-dependent fashion. MPA increased senescence-associated ß-galactosidase expression, p21 gene expression and p53 phosphorylation, indicative of activation of cellular senescence. Exogenous guanosine supplementation rescued diminished endothelial colony forming cell proliferation and indices of senescence, consistent with the known mechanism of action of MPA. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that clinically relevant doses of MPA have potent anti-angiogenic and pro-senescent effects on vascular precursor cells in vitro, thus indicating that treatment with MPA can potentially affect vascular repair and regeneration. This warrants further studies in vivo to determine how MPA therapy contributes to vascular dysfunction and increased cardiovascular disease seen in patients with inflammatory rheumatic disease.

Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Micofenólico/farmacologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Galactosidases/metabolismo , Guanosina/farmacologia , Humanos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Cordão Umbilical/citologia
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(5): 728-735, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29317407


OBJECTIVES: The association between mutations in TNFAIP3, encoding the NF-kB regulatory protein A20, and a new autoinflammatory disease has recently been recognised. This study aims at describing the clinical phenotypes and disease course of patients with A20 haploinsufficiency (HA20). METHODS: Data for all cases from the initial publication, and additional cases identified through collaborations since, were collected using standardised data collection forms. RESULTS: A total of 16 patients (13 female) from seven families with a genetic diagnosis of HA20 were included. The disease commonly manifested in early childhood (range: first week of life to 29 years of age). The main clinical symptoms were recurrent oral, genital and/or gastrointestinal ulcers (16/16), musculoskeletal (9/16) and gastrointestinal complaints (9/16), cutaneous lesions (8/16), episodic fever (7/16), and recurrent infections (7/16). Clinical phenotypes varied considerably, even within families. Relapsing-remitting disease course was most common, and one patient died. Laboratory abnormalities included elevated acute-phase reactants and fluctuating presence of various autoantibodies such as antinuclear antibodies (4/10 patients tested) and anti-dsDNA (2/5). Tissue biopsy of different sites revealed non-specific chronic inflammation (6/12 patients tested), findings consistent with class V lupus nephritis in one patient, and pustules and normal results in two patients each. All patients were treated: 4/16 received colchicine and 12/16 various immunosuppressive agents. Cytokine inhibitors effectively suppressed systemic inflammation in 7/9 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Early-onset recurrent oral, genital and/or gastrointestinal ulcers are the hallmark feature of HA20. Frequency and intensity of other clinical manifestations varied highly. Treatment regimens should be based on disease severity, and cytokine inhibitors are often required to control relapses.

Haploinsuficiência/genética , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , Fenótipo , Proteína 3 Induzida por Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/patologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 29(5): 516-522, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28632503


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the difficult syndrome of catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome, emphasizing new developments in the diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Few recent publications directly address pediatric catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS). Most articles are case reports or are data from adult and pediatric registries. The major factors contributing to most pediatric catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome include infection and the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies, but complement activation also is important in creating diffuse thrombosis in the microcirculation. Treatment of the acute emergency requires anticoagulation, suppression of the hyperinflammatory state and elimination of the triggering infection. Inhibition of complement activation appears to improve outcome in limited studies, and suppression of antiphospholipid antibody formation may be important in long-term management. SUMMARY: CAPS, an antibody-mediated diffuse thrombotic disease of microvasculature, is rare in childhood but has high mortality (33-50%). It requires prompt recognition and aggressive multimodality treatment, including anticoagulation, anti-inflammatory therapy and elimination of inciting infection and pathogenic autoantibodies.

Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica , Autoimunidade , Gerenciamento Clínico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/terapia , Doença Catastrófica , Criança , Humanos