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1.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 14: 2097-2111, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30498353

RESUMO

Objective: To propose appropriate statements that drive the choice of biologic therapies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), factoring in their impact on the following issues: anti-drug antibody (ADAb) formation, suspicion and management of infections, lupus-like syndrome (LLS), effects on bone mass and sexual sphere, and relationship between RA and periodontal disease (PD). Methods: An overview of existing evidence was undertaken by an expert panel on behalf of the Italian board for the TAilored BIOlogic therapy (ITABIO). Data were extracted from controlled trials, national registries, national health care databases, post-marketing surveys, and, when required by the paucity of controlled studies, from open-label clinical series. Anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) and non-anti-TNF-targeted biologics approved for RA were investigated. Results: ADAb formation is chiefly associated with anti-TNFs, and it is reduced by combination therapy with methotrexate. To date, ADAb titration is not advisable for clinical practice, and, in case of anti-TNF secondary failure, a non-anti-TNF biologic is indicated. LLS is observed in anti-TNF receivers and, in most cases, resolves without anti-TNF withdrawal. A non-anti-TNF biologic is advisable in patients experiencing LLS. Non-anti-TNFs demonstrated a low or absent infection risk and are preferable in patients with comorbidities. Due to their positive effects on bone mass, anti-TNFs are indicated in women at osteoporosis risk, whereas non-anti-TNF have been poorly investigated. The emerging evidence of the relationship between RA and PD and the effects on anti-TNF efficacy should lead clinicians to consider the periodontal status in RA patients. Anti-TNFs may exert a positive effect on fertility and sexuality, and clinicians should explore these aspects in RA patients. Conclusion: The optimization of biologic therapies by taking into proper account the above issues would improve patient outcomes.

2.
J Inflamm Res ; 11: 247-252, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29922080

RESUMO

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis patients are exposed to a high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality even in the early phases of the disease. Methods: We evaluated carotid common carotid intimal media thickness (ccIMT) intimal thickness and brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients without known cardiovascular risk factors or heart disease on a stable dose of prednisone 5.2±1.2 mg/day and Methotrexate 11.5±2.1 mg at baseline (T0) and after 12 months (T1) of treatment with Abatacept 125 mg/week. The comparison between T0 and T1 (t- and Mann-Whitney test), correlation (Spearman r), and predictivity (linear regression) of FMD, ccIMT vs clinical and laboratory parameters (disease activity 28 score, tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNFα], interleukin-6, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein (CRP), CD3+, CD3+/CD4+, CD3+/CD8+, CD19+(B), CD20+(B), NK CD3-CD56+CD16+, CD14+ HLA DR+, CD4+CD28+, CD4+CD28, rheumatoid factor IgM, IgA, RF IgG, anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies) were also evaluated. Results: During Abatacept treatment, ccIMT and FMD remained stable and disease activity 28 score, CRP, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and interleukin-6 decreased significantly (p=0.0001, 0.002, 0.0002, 0.0001 respectively). At T0, only ccIMT resulted as correlated with baseline TNFα values (p=0.0245) in an inverse proportion. At T1, ccIMT correlated with CD3/CD8+ lymphocytes number (p=0.0351) and FMD with CRP (p=0.0075). In regression analysis, baseline ccIMT and FMD had a low predictivity for TNFα (p=0.011) and CRP (p=0.049) at T1, respectively. Conclusion: This study shows that the endothelial function remained stable during Abatacept treatment.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29618128

RESUMO

Objective: The main objective was to determine the prevalence of anti-dense fine speckled (DFS70) antibodies in a stable population of undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) to better define their potential role. Methods: Immunological and clinical records of 91 long-standing UCTD patients were studied. DFS pattern was determined using the IIF ANA test on HEp-2 cells and anti-DFS70 antibodies were tested by chemiluminescence assay and by DFS70 line immunoassay. Results: Twelve (13.2%) of 91 serum samples were positive for anti-DFS70 antibodies by chemiluminescence assay and line immunoassay. There was no statistical significance between the prevalence of anti-ENA and anti-DNA autoantibodies in patients with and without anti-DFS70 antibodies. No differences were found in the clinical characteristics of both groups. The presence of the anti-DFS70 antibodies was related to the younger age class. Conclusion: The high prevalence of anti-DFS70 antibodies in the UCTD patients suggested the potential role of these autoantibodies as a marker in the evolution of UCTD to CTD.

5.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 47(2): 183-192, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28413099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Italian board for the TAilored BIOlogic therapy (ITABIO) reviewed the most consistent literature to indicate the best strategy for the second-line biologic choice in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritis (SpA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature to identify English-language articles on efficacy of second-line biologic choice in RA, PsA, and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Data were extracted from available randomized, controlled trials, national biologic registries, national healthcare databases, post-marketing surveys, and open-label observational studies. RESULTS: Some previously stated variables, including the patients׳ preference, the indication for anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) monotherapy in potential childbearing women, and the intravenous route with dose titration in obese subjects resulted valid for all the three rheumatic conditions. In RA, golimumab as second-line biologic has the highest level of evidence in anti-TNF failure. The switching strategy is preferable for responder patients who experience an adverse event, whereas serious or class-specific side effects should be managed by the choice of a differently targeted drug. Secondary inadequate response to etanercept (ETN) should be treated with a biologic agent other than anti-TNF. After two or more anti-TNF failures, the swapping to a different mode of action is recommended. Among non-anti-TNF targeted biologics, to date rituximab (RTX) and tocilizumab (TCZ) have the strongest evidence of efficacy in the treatment of anti-TNF failures. In PsA and AS patients failing the first anti-TNF, the switch strategy to a second is advisable, taking in account the evidence of adalimumab efficacy in patients with uveitis. The severity of psoriasis, of articular involvement, and the predominance of enthesitis and/or dactylitis may drive the choice toward ustekinumab or secukinumab in PsA, and the latter in AS. CONCLUSION: Taking in account the paucity of controlled trials, second-line biologic therapy may be reasonably optimized in patients with RA, SpA, and PsA.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Etanercepte/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Retratamento
6.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 13(2): 93-97, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27363504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification and validation of soluble markers provide significant opportunities for managing patients with rheumatic diseases, and calprotectin may be an alternative laboratory biomarker of inflammatory rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) even though its levels may vary considerably. The aim of this study was to propose a calprotectin cut-off value that would be useful for distinguishing patients with inflammatory arthritis or noninflammatory arthritis (NIA) in clinical practice. METHODS: A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure serum calprotectin levels in patients with RA, ankylosing spondylitis (AS), PsA and controls with NIA. All of the patients had been treated with biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for about 12 months after previous failure on conventional DMARDs. RESULTS: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that serum calprotectin levels significantly differentiated the samples of the patients with inflammatory rheumatic disease from those of the controls. A serum calprotectin level of > 0.9 µg/mL (the optimal predictive cut-off value in the ROC analysis) had a sensitivity of 95.3%, a specificity of 82.2%, a positive likelihood ratio (LR) of 5.35 and a negative LR of 0.057. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that serum calprotectin levels are useful in clinical practice to distinguish patients with inflammatory arthritis and NIA. Further studies of a larger population are suggested.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/sangue , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/sangue , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Immunol Res ; 65(1): 419-422, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27449503

RESUMO

Biosimilar infliximab (INX) was recently approved by the European Medicine Agency for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis (AS), Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and psoriasis on the grounds that its pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy were comparable to those of innovator INX. The aim of this study was to investigate the real-life efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of switching from innovator to biosimilar INX in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Forty-one patients attending three Italian rheumatology centres with a previous diagnosis of SpA and clinically inactive or moderate disease activity (ASDAS-CRP < 2.1; 22 with AS, five with enteropathic arthritis, 10 with PsA, and four with undifferentiated SpA), who had been treated for more than 6 months with innovator INX in accordance with the ASAS/EULAR guidelines, were switched to biosimilar INX for pharmaco-economic reasons (Tuscany Law No. 450 of 7 April 2015) and followed up for 6 months. A record was kept of their BASDAI, BASFI, ASDAS-CRP, DAS28-CRP (in the presence of peripheral disease), MASES, VAS pain scores, the duration of morning stiffness, and adverse events (AEs). At the time of the switch, the patients had a median age of 50.9 years (range 23-80), a median disease duration of 124.5 months (range 14-372), and a median duration of treatment with innovator INX of 73.7 months (range 6-144). After 6 months of biosimilar INX therapy, there were no statistical differences in their median BASDAI (2.73 ± 1.5 vs. 2.6 ± 1.3, p = .27), BASFI (2.34 ± 1.3 vs. 2.17 ± 1.2, p = 0.051), ASDAS-CRP (1.35 ± 0.3 vs. 1.28 ± 0.2, p = 0.24), DAS28-CRP (2.66 ± 0.67 vs. 2.67 ± 0.35, p = 0.92), MASES (0.35 ± 0.7 vs. 0.17 ± 0.4, p = 0.08), or VAS pain scores (18 ± 14.7 vs. 16.7 ± 11.3, p = 0.55), whereas the median duration of morning stiffness had significantly decreased (7.2 ± 6.9 vs. 5.8 ± 6, p = 0.02). Furthermore, there was no change in circulating INX (4.22 ± 2.89 vs 4.84 ± 2.86 µg/mL, p = 0.80) or anti-INX antibody levels (27.76 ± 17.13 vs 27.27 ± 17.28 ng/mL, p = 0.98). The switch from innovator to biosimilar INX in this Italian multicentre SpA cohort was not associated with any statistically significance differences in efficacy, adverse events or anti-drug antibody level.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos/sangue , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/imunologia , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Infliximab/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
8.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 2016 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27030256

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification and validation of soluble markers provide significant opportunities for managing patients with rheumatic diseases, and calprotectin may be an alternative laboratory biomarker of inflammatory rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) even though its levels may vary considerably. The aim of this study was to propose a calprotectin cut-off value that would be useful for distinguishing patients with inflammatory arthritis or non-inflammatory arthritis (NIA) in clinical practice. METHODS: A commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure serum calprotectin levels in patients with RA, ankylosing spondylitis (AS), PsA and controls with NIA. All of the patients had been treated with biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for about 12 months after previous failure on conventional DMARDs. RESULTS: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that serum calprotectin levels significantly differentiated the samples of the patients with inflammatory rheumatic disease from those of the controls. A serum calprotectin level of > 0.9 µg/mL (the optimal predictive cut-off value in the ROC analysis) had a sensitivity of 95.3%, a specificity of 82.2%, a positive likelihood ratio (LR) of 5.35 and a negative LR of 0.057. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that serum calprotectin levels are useful in clinical practice to distinguish patients with inflammatory arthritis and NIA. Further studies of a larger population are suggested.

9.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 2015 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25666883

RESUMO

Serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) level is a new marker of joint destruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and a new means of identifying patients with progressive joint damage. To evaluate the effect of tocilizumab (TCZ) on serum COMP levels, and whether there is any difference in this effect between patients failing on anti-TNF treatment and those failing on disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Fifty-one patients with long-standing RA (42 F, 9 M; mean age 62±14 years; disease duration 4.5±1.2 years) unresponsive to DMARDs and anti-TNF drugs were treated with TCZ 8 mg/kg/month. Serum COMP levels were measured by means of an ELISA at baseline and after six months of TCZ treatment; the patents' DAS28 scores and levels of RF (IgM, IgG, IgA), anti-CCP autoantibodies, ESR, CRP and IL-6 were evaluated at the same times. After six months of TCZ treatment, there was a significant decrease from baseline in ESR (46.1 [28.7-68.9] vs 34.3 [4.1- 58.8] mm/h, P <0.0001), CRP (2.2 [0.8-4.4] vs 1.3 [0.7-3.8] mg/dL, P <0.0001), TNF-α (21.3 [7.6-29.8] vs 17.4 [3.4-28.6] pg/mL, P=0.0408), IL-6 (6.9 [3.5-9.6] vs 3.4 [3.0-9.6] pg/mL, p<0.0001); anti-CCP (55.1 [30.2-273.0] vs 54.7 [30.1- 269.8] IU/mL, P=0.9683), RF-IgM (142.0 [48.0-260.0] vs 138.0 [42.0-243.0] IU/mL, P=0.4828), RF-IgA (81.0 [20-140] vs 108.0 [20-175] U/mL, P=0.0003), and RF-IgG (65.2 [30-158] vs 58.3 [38.0-158.0] U/mL, P=0.2671). There was also a significant decrease in DAS28 scores (4.3 [3.2-5.9] vs 3.7 [2.3-5.4], P <0.0001), and a non-significant decrease in serum COMP levels (0.95 [0.04-2.90] vs 0.98 [0.05-2.36] µg/mL; P = 0.9856). A decrease in serum COMP levels was observed in the patients failing on anti-TNF treatment or anti-DMARDs without any difference. TCZ therapy in patients with long-standing RA is associated with a significant decrease in ESR, CRP, IL-6, TNF and DAS28 values, and a decrease in serum COMP levels, particularly in patients failing on previous anti-TNF therapy. These findings suggest that TCZ has an effect on cartilage joint destruction after only six months of treatment.

10.
Curr Rheumatol Rev ; 10(2): 131-5, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25599685

RESUMO

Serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) level is a new marker of joint destruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and a new means of identifying patients with progressive joint damage. To evaluate the effect of tocilizumab (TCZ) on serum COMP levels, and whether there is any difference in this effect between patients failing on anti-TNF treatment and those failing on disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Fifty-one patients with long-standing RA (42 F, 9 M; mean age 62 ± 14 years; disease duration 4.5 ± 1.2 years) unresponsive to DMARDs and anti-TNF drugs were treated with TCZ 8 mg/kg/month. Serum COMP levels were measured by means of an ELISA at baseline and after six months of TCZ treatment; the patents' DAS28 scores and levels of RF (IgM, IgG, IgA), anti-CCP autoantibodies, ESR, CRP and IL-6 were evaluated at the same times. After six months of TCZ treatment, there was a significant decrease from baseline in ESR (46.1 [28.7-68.9] vs 34.3 [4.1- 58.8] mm/h, P <0.0001), CRP (2.2 [0.8-4.4] vs 1.3 [0.7-3.8] mg/dL, P <0.0001), TNF-α (21.3 [7.6-29.8] vs 17.4 [3.4-28.6] pg/mL, P=0.0408), IL-6 (6.9 [3.5-9.6] vs 3.4 [3.0-9.6] pg/mL, p<0.0001); anti-CCP (55.1 [30.2-273.0] vs 54.7 [30.1- 269.8] IU/mL, P=0.9683), RF-IgM (142.0 [48.0-260.0] vs 138.0 [42.0-243.0] IU/mL, P=0.4828), RF-IgA (81.0 [20-140] vs 108.0 [20-175] U/mL, P=0.0003), and RF-IgG (65.2 [30-158] vs 58.3 [38.0-158.0] U/mL, P=0.2671). There was also a significant decrease in DAS28 scores (4.3 [3.2-5.9] vs 3.7 [2.3-5.4], P <0.0001), and a non-significant decrease in serum COMP levels (0.95 [0.04-2.90] vs 0.98 [0.05-2.36] µg/mL; P = 0.9856). A decrease in serum COMP levels was observed in the patients failing on anti-TNF treatment or anti-DMARDs without any difference. TCZ therapy in patients with long-standing RA is associated with a significant decrease in ESR, CRP, IL-6, TNF and DAS28 values, and a decrease in serum COMP levels, particularly in patients failing on previous anti-TNF therapy. These findings suggest that TCZ has an effect on cartilage joint destruction after only six months of treatment.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína de Matriz Oligomérica de Cartilagem/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína de Matriz Oligomérica de Cartilagem/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Scand J Rheumatol ; 32(1): 42-5, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12635945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between antinucleosome antibodies and disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: We evaluated antinucleosome antibodies (by ELISA) in 48 SLE patients. They were divided in 2 groups: positive (Group A, nr = 18) and negative (Group B, nr=30). The groups were evaluated for antinucleosome antibodies and for clinical, humoral parameters (hemoglobin, blood cell count, urinanalysis, ESR, ANA, anti-dsDNA, anticardiolipin antibodies, LAC), and ECLAM. RESULTS: C3,C4, and hemoglobin were lower in Group A than (vs) group B (C3: 0.61 +/- 0.16 g/L vs 0.88 +/- 0.08 g/L, p < 0.001; C4: 0.086 +/- 0.03 g/L vs 0.18 +/- 0.07 g/L, p < 0.05; hemoglobin: 8.7 +/- 5.8 g/dL vs 12.7 +/- 1.44 g/dL; p < 0.02). ECLAM was higher in group A 7.56 +/- 2.19 vs group B 4.67 +/- 1.35 (p < 0.001). Urinary sediment was more altered in group A (88.8%) vs group B (33.3%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: We found a correlation between antinucleosome antibodies and SLE disease activity as expressed by the higher ECLAM score in group A.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Nucleossomos/imunologia , Adulto , Química Clínica , Progressão da Doença , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Nível de Saúde , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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