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2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 67(11): 1816-1819, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638039

RESUMO

Purpose: To document whether the residency training in management of retinal diseases has improved in 2000s to meet the increasing demand of retina care in India. Methods: A survey, using a prevalidated questionnaire, was conducted by Academic and Research Committee (ARC) of the All India Ophthalmological Society (AIOS) in 2014-2016 among ophthalmologists to document teaching of retina-related clinical and surgical skills in the postgraduate residency program. Results: The 144-item questionnaire was mailed to 4512 practicing ophthalmologists with residency training in two different periods, between 1967 and 2000 (group 1; 20th-century trained) and between 2003 and 2012 (group 2; 21st-century trained). Response was received from 320 (19.1%) of group 1 ophthalmologists and 531 (18.7%) of group 2 ophthalmologists. The average age was 49.2 ± 8.7 and 32.6 ± 4 years, respectively. Group 2 residents had received superior training in indirect ophthalmoscopy, slit lamp biomicroscopy using + 78 and + 90D lens, optical coherence tomography, fundus photography, and fluorescein angiography (all P < 0.001), but there was large variation between the training institutions. The residents were not taught vitreous and retinal detachment surgeries in either period of training. Conclusion: Teaching of retina-related clinical skills have improved in Indian residency program, but there are variations across programs. This information might help redesign the ophthalmology residency programs to meet the demands of comprehensive eye care and universal health coverage of increasing retinal diseases in India.

3.
Clin Exp Optom ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preschool vision screenings are considered to be cost-effective methods to identify children with vision disorders. The children of this age group are poor at communicating their symptoms and hence screening is mandated. This study is aimed at estimating the diagnostic accuracy and agreement of Lea, HOTV and E visual acuity charts for detecting significant refractive errors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, in which monocular unaided vision assessment of each study participant was performed with Lea, HOTV and E charts. Stereo acuity was measured with the Randot Preschool Test and a comprehensive eye examination including dilatation was performed. Significant refractive error was defined as hyperopia > 3.25 D, myopia > 2.00 D, astigmatism > 1.50 D, anisometropia if interocular difference > 1.00 D for hyperopia, > 3.00 D for myopia or > 1.50 D for astigmatism. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were estimated. Bland-Altmann plots were generated to help identify the level of agreement between the vision charts. RESULTS: A total of 256 eyes were analysed. Lea, HOTV and E had sensitivities of 87.8 per cent, 90.2 per cent and 90.2 per cent, respectively. Specificity and positive predictive values were better for HOTV (77.3 per cent, 65.5 per cent) and Lea (75 per cent, 62.6 per cent), compared to E chart (69.8 per cent, 58.7 per cent). Negative predictive values for Lea, HOTV and E charts were 92.8 per cent, 93.8 per cent and 93.8 per cent, respectively. Bland-Altmann analysis showed good agreement between Lea and HOTV, Lea and E, and HOTV and E visual acuity charts. The acuity difference was least between Lea and HOTV charts (0.1 logMAR). Eighty-five (33.2 per cent) eyes had significant refractive errors. Eighty (94.1 per cent) eyes were astigmatic. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic accuracy of the visual acuity charts was high for the identification of significant refractive errors in preschool children. There was very good agreement between the visual acuity charts.

4.
Lancet Glob Health ; 6(9): e1019-e1027, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Presbyopia, age-related decline in near vision, is the most common cause of vision impairment globally, but no trials have assessed its workplace effects. We aimed to study the effect of near glasses on the productivity of tea workers with presbyopia. METHODS: This randomised trial was done in tea pickers aged 40 years or older in Assam, India, with unaided near visual acuity (NVA) lower than 6/12 in both eyes, correctable to 6/7·5 with near glasses; unaided distance vision 6/7·5 or greater; and no eye disease. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive free glasses optimising NVA at working distance (cost including delivery US$10·20 per person), either immediately (intervention group) or at closeout (control group). Participants were stratified by age, sex, and productivity. The primary outcome (investigator-masked) was the difference between groups in the change in mean daily weight of tea picked (productivity), between the 4-week baseline period (June, 2017) and the 11-week evaluation period (July 24, 2017, to Oct 7, 2017). Workers' income was tied to their productivity. Compliance with study glasses was assessed at seven unannounced visits. Results were analysed on an intention-to-treat basis. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT03228199. FINDINGS: Between July 3, 2017, and July 15, 2017, 1297 (48·1%) of 2699 permanent workers met the age criteria and consented for eye examinations. 751 (57·9%) fulfilled vision criteria and were randomly assigned to the intervention (n=376) or control (n=375) groups. Groups did not differ substantially in baseline characteristics. No participants owned glasses at baseline, 707 (94·1%) received the allocated intervention, and all were followed up and analysed. Between the baseline and evaluation periods, mean productivity in the intervention group increased from 25·0 kg per day to 34·8 kg per day (an increase of 9·84 kg per day), a significantly higher increase than in the control group (from 26·0 kg per day to 30·6 kg per day; an increase of 4·59 kg per day), corresponding to a between-group difference of 5·25 kg per day (95% CI 4·50-5·99; 21·7% relative productivity increase; effect size 1·01 [95% CI 0·86-1·16]; p<0·0001). Intervention-group compliance with study glasses reached 84·5% by closeout. Regression model predictors of greater productivity increase included intervention group membership (5·25 kg per day [95% CI 4·60-5·91], p<0·0001) and, among intervention participants, older age (p=0·039) and better compliance with the intervention (p<0·0001). INTERPRETATION: A substantial productivity increase was achieved in this rural cohort by providing glasses to correct presbyopia, with little cost and high intervention uptake. FUNDING: Clearly.


Assuntos
Eficiência , Óculos , Fazendeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Presbiopia/reabilitação , População Rural , Chá , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 66(6): 785-792, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29785984

RESUMO

Purpose: To gauge the differences in ophthalmology residency training, academic, clinical and surgical, in the last three decades of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century. Methods: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, in 2014-2016, using a prevalidated questionnaire, which was circulated to ophthalmologists to gauge the practicality of the teaching protocols of clinical and surgical skills during postgraduate residency program. Results: Of the 1005 respondents, 320 ophthalmologists who completed residency between 1967 and 2002 (20th century trained) and 531 who completed a residency in 2003-2012 (21st century trained) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The average age was 49.2 years (standard deviation [SD] 4) and 32.6 years (SD 4), respectively. Twenty-first century trained ophthalmologists rated their training significantly better than the 20th century trained ophthalmologists for slit lamp examination (P = 0.001), indirect ophthalmoscopy, gonioscopy, automated perimetry, optical coherence tomography, and fundus photography (all having P < 0.001), while the 20th century trained rated their teaching of refraction, synoptophore, diplopia charting better (all P < 0.001). The range of grading was 0-10 in all categories. The median number of surgeries performed independently by 20th century and 21st century trained (during their training period) were: intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE) 10, 0; extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) 43, 18; small incision cataract surgery (SICS) 5, 55; phacoemulsification (Phaco) 0, 1; pterygium excision 20, 15; dacryocystectomy 11, 4; dacryocystorhinostomy 11, 2; chalazion 35, 30; trabeculectomies 5, 0; strabismus correction 0, 0; vitrectomy 0, 0; keratoplasty 0, 0; eyelid surgery 6, 2; and ocular emergencies 18, 20. Conclusion: Teaching of many clinical skills had improved over decades. Cataract surgery training has shifted from ICCE and ECCE to SICS and Phaco, but other surgeries were still taught sparingly. There was an enormous variation across the country in residency training which needs immediate attention.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/educação , Oftalmologistas/educação , Oftalmologia/educação , Ensino/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 65(6): 452-460, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28643708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Residency training is the basis of good clinical and surgical practice. PURPOSE: The aim is to know the demographics, training experience, and perception of young ophthalmologists to improve the present residency programs in India. SETTING: Young ophthalmologists trained in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by the Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmology Society, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those trained between 2002 and 2012, with 2-10 years' postresidency experience) to gauge teaching of clinical and surgical skills during the postgraduate residency program. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16. RESULTS: Of the 1005 respondents, 531 fulfilled inclusion criteria. Average age was 32.6 years (standard deviation [SD] 4). On a scale of 0-10, clinical skills teaching was graded as (mean, SD): Slit lamp examination (7.2, SD 2.8), indirect ophthalmoscopy (6.2, SD 3.3), gonioscopy (5.7, SD 3.4), perimetry (6.2, SD 3.2), optical coherence tomography (4.6, SD 4), and orthoptic evaluation (4.3, SD 3.1). The mean (SD) and median of surgeries performed independently was intracapsular cataract extraction 3.0 (14.9), 0; extracapsular cataract extraction 39.9 (53.2), 18; small incision cataract surgery 75.3 (64.4), 55; phacoemulsification 30 (52.6), 1; pterygium excision 31.5 (43.5), 15; dacryocystectomy 20.3 (38.1), 4; dacryocystorhinostomy 11.7 (26.2), 2; chalazion 46.4 (48.3), 30; trabeculectomies 4 (14.9), 0; strabismus correction 1.4 (4.9), 0; laser-assisted in situ Keratomileusis 1.5 (12.2), 0; retinal detachment 1.5 (12.5), 0; vitrectomy 3.0 (17.0), 0; keratoplasty 5.2 (17.8), 0; eyelid surgery 8.6 (18.9), 2 and ocular emergencies 41.7 (52.4), 20. Observed and assisted surgeries were more common. However, the range of grading was 0-10 in all categories. CONCLUSION: Residency training in India varies considerably from program to program. Standardization is needed to assure all graduates are competent and render consistent quality of service.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Oftalmologistas/normas , Oftalmologia/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Oftalmologistas/educação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 65(1): 12-18, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28300734

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To know the perception of young ophthalmologists about their dissertation and academics during residency training in order to improve the research output during present residency programs in India. METHODS: A survey was conducted by Academic and Research Committee of the All India Ophthalmological Society, the world's second largest ophthalmic professional's organization, in 2014-2016 of young ophthalmologists (those who completed residency between 2005 and 2012) to gauge usefulness of dissertation or thesis during postgraduate residency. RESULTS: There were 1005 respondents, of whom 531 fulfilled inclusion criteria. On a scale of 0-10, residents rated level of supervision of their dissertation as adequate (mean 5.9/10, standard deviation [SD] = 3.1, median = 6). The level of infrastructure available was for dissertation rated as 5.9/10 (median = 7, SD = 3.1), and 6.2/10 was the score that residents said about value added by the dissertation (median = 7). The dissertation was presented at local (33.5%), state (28.1%), national (15.4%), and international (4%) levels. Students, not supervisors, did most of the local and state level presentations. It was published in some forms at local 210 (39.5%), state (140, 26.4%), national (94, 17.7%), and international (39, 7.3%) levels. On a scale of 0-4, seminars (3/4) and case presentations were (3/4) rated higher than didactic lectures (2.2/4), journal clubs (2.2/4), and wet laboratory (1.1/4). CONCLUSION: Peer-reviewed publications from Indian residency training dissertations were few. Residents felt dissertation added value to their training, but there was a huge range among the responses. Journal clubs and wet laboratories were not graded high in academic programs, unlike seminars and case presentations.


Assuntos
Dissertações Acadêmicas como Assunto , Competência Clínica , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Farmácia/métodos , Internato e Residência/tendências , Oftalmologistas/educação , Oftalmologia/educação , Adulto , Pesquisa Biomédica , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus ; 53(5): 311-7, 2016 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27383143

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the outcomes of pediatric cataract surgeries in children operated on in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia and the barriers to accessing surgery. METHODS: All children who had congenital, developmental, and traumatic cataracts operated on by lens aspiration, primary posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation from 2012 to 2013 and followed up beyond 6 months were studied. Each child underwent a comprehensive preoperative evaluation. An active, assisted follow-up was done and parents were asked about reasons for delay between presentation and surgery. RESULTS: One hundred two eyes of 70 children met the inclusion criteria of the study. Preoperatively, 76 of 77 (98.7%) eyes in the congenital and developmental cataract group had presenting visual acuity of worse than 6/60. This improved postoperatively, with 19 (29.7%) eyes having best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of better than 6/18, 23 (35.9%) having BCVA of 6/24 to 6/60, and 22 (34.4%) having BCVA of worse than 6/60. Older age (P = .005), better preoperative vision (P = .045) at presentation, unilaterality (P = .012), and delay between presentation and surgery (P = .004) were predictors of a better postoperative outcome. On multivariate analysis, only age was significant (P = .025). Distance and cost of travel and surgery were the causes of delay in presentation. In the patients with traumatic cataracts, 17 of 25 (68%) had BCVA of better than 6/18, 6 (24%) had BCVA between 6/24 and 6/60, and 2 (8%) had BCVA of worse than 6/60 at the 6-month follow-up. The most common causes of injury were being struck by sticks and stones (10 children, 25%). CONCLUSIONS: Visual outcomes after pediatric cataract surgery in Zambia were comparable and satisfactory. Cost of treatment was a barrier, but delay did not adversely affect outcome. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016;53(5):311-317.].


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata/estatística & dados numéricos , Catarata/congênito , Traumatismos Oculares/etiologia , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Cristalino/lesões , Adolescente , Catarata/etiologia , Catarata/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cobre , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Mineração , Pseudofacia/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Visão/reabilitação , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Zâmbia/epidemiologia
13.
Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol ; 23(2): 163-7, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27162446

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Comparison of the rates of posterior capsule rupture (PCR) associated with conventional versus a reverse method of teaching phacoemulsification. METHODS: Trainees were taught conventional (start-to-finish) phacoemulsification beginning with an incision (tunnel construction) to capsulorhexis, sculpting, nucleus cracking, segment removal, cortex aspiration, intraocular lens implantation, and viscoelastic removal. In the reverse method, after incision and capsulorhexis, the trainees were progressively taught viscoelastic wash, cortex aspiration, segment removal, nucleus cracking, sculpting, and intraocular lens implantation. Trainees from a Tertiary Eye Care Centre were classified as beginners, for their first 30 cases and then trainees for their next 70 surgeries. Data were collected on posterior capsular rent and vitreous loss during each step of training. RESULTS: Thirty-two ophthalmic surgeons learning phacoemulsification surgery on 609 cataracts cases were supervised by 3 trainers. Fifteen beginners performed 287 surgeries using the conventional method, and 17 beginners performed 322 surgeries with the reverse method. The incidence of PCR was 18/287 (6.2%) with the conventional method and 15/322 (4.6%) with the reverse method (P = 0.38). PCR occurred during cortex aspiration (8/287, 2.8%) and segment removal (5/287, 1.7%) in the conventional method. PCR occurred during nucleus cracking, segment removal, and cortex aspiration (4/322 surgeries for each step, 1.2%). In the follow, 70 cases (trainees) there was no difference in PCR with either method (4.7% vs. 4.3%, P = 0.705). CONCLUSION: Conventional and reverse method for training phacoemulsification were both safe in a supervised setting.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Internato e Residência , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Oftalmologia/educação , Facoemulsificação/educação , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Ruptura da Cápsula Posterior do Olho/epidemiologia , Idoso , Capsulorrexe , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Masculino , Ensino , Acuidade Visual
14.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 64(12): 898-903, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28112130

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate visual acuity and vision function before and after providing spectacles and low vision devices (LVDs) in deaf-mute students. SETTINGS: Schools for deaf-mute in West Maharashtra. METHODS: Hearing-impaired children in all special schools in Pune district underwent detailed visual acuity testing (with teachers' help), refraction, external ocular examination, and fundoscopy. Students with refractive errors and low vision were provided with spectacles and LVD. The LV Prasad-Functional Vision Questionnaire consisting of twenty items was administered to each subject before and after providing spectacles, LVDs. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test. RESULTS: 252/929 (27.1%) students had a refractive error. 794 (85.5%) were profound deaf. Two-hundred and fifty students were dispensed spectacles and LVDs. Mean LogMAR visual acuity before introduction of spectacles and LVDs were 0.33 ± 0.36 which improved to 0.058 (P < 0.0001) after intervention. It was found that difference in functional vision pre- and post-intervention was statistically significant (P < 0.0001) for questions 1-19. The most commonly reported difficulties were for performing distance task like reading the bus destination (58.7%), making out the bus number (51.1%), copying from blackboard (47.7%), and seeing whether somebody is waving hand from across the road (45.5%). In response to question number 20, 57.4% of students felt that their vision was much worse than their friend's vision, which was reduced to 17.6% after dispensing spectacles and LVDs. CONCLUSION: Spectacle and LVD reduced visual impairment and improved vision function in deaf-mute students, augmenting their ability to negotiate in and out of school.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Óculos , Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva/reabilitação , Estudantes , Baixa Visão/reabilitação , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Erros de Refração/fisiopatologia , Erros de Refração/reabilitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Testes Visuais , Baixa Visão/epidemiologia , Baixa Visão/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 4(6): 376-80, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26401649

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study visual outcomes and stereopsis after a 3-8 year follow-up in unilateral congenital and developmental cataracts. DESIGN: Clinical case series. METHODS: Children who underwent surgery for unilateral pediatric cataract from 2004 to 2008 were traced and reexamined prospectively from 2010 to 2011. Demographic and clinical factors were noted from their retrospective chart readings. All children underwent visual acuity assessment and comprehensive ocular examinations including stereoacuity in a standardized manner during the prospective follow-up visits. Details of amblyopia management were recorded for univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 children had a mean follow-up of 4.4 years between surgery and assessment (SD, 1.6 years). Twenty-four (50%) were boys, and the average age at surgery was 10.2 years (SD, 4.1). Two (4.2%) were congenital, 14 (29.2%) developmental, and 32 (66.7%) congenital/developmental cataracts. Preoperatively, 38 (79.2%) had vision less than 3/60. After surgery, 12 (25%) had improved best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 6/18 or greater, 4 (8.3%) had BCVA of 6/24 to 6/60, and 32 (66.7%) had BCVA of less than 6/60. Eleven (22.9%) had binocular single vision 480 seconds or less of arc on Titmus test. Preoperative vision (P = 0.034) was significantly associated with postoperative visual outcomes, but not age at surgery (P = 0.14), sex (P = 0.897), type of surgery (P = 0.371), or type of intraocular lens (P = 0.66). The use of phacoemulsification was associated with better vision, but it was not significant (P = 0.069). CONCLUSIONS: Long-term visual outcomes in unilateral pediatric cataracts were subnormal due to deprivation amblyopia, but vision improved over preoperative levels and helped in binocular stereoacuity. Some preoperative vision was associated with better visual outcomes.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Catarata/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Ambliopia/etiologia , Ambliopia/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Percepção de Profundidade/fisiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Índia , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Lentes Intraoculares , Masculino , Facoemulsificação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
16.
Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol ; 22(3): 362-9, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26180478

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A systematic review and meta-analysis comparing the safety, efficacy, and expenses related to phacoemulsification versus manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS). METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, and Scopus databases were searched with key words manual SICS 6/18 and 6/60; astigmatism and endothelial cell loss postoperatively, intra- and post-operative complications, phacoemulsification, and comparison of SICS and phacoemulsification. Non-English language manuscripts and manuscripts not indexed in the three databases were also search for comparison of SICS with phacoemulsification. Data were compared between techniques for postoperative uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (UCVA and best corrected visual acuity [BCVA], respectively) better than 6/9, surgical cost and duration of surgery. The Oxford cataract treatment and evaluation team scores were used for grading intraoperative and postoperative complications, uncorrected near vision. RESULT: This review analyzed, 11 comparative studies documenting 76,838 eyes that had undergone cataract surgery considered for analysis. UCVA of 6/18 UCVA and 6/18 BCVA were comparable between techniques (P = 0.373 and P = 0.567, respectively). BCVA of 6/9 was comparable between techniques (P = 0.685). UCVA of 6/60 and 6/60 BCVA aided and unaided vision were comparable (P = 0.126 and P = 0.317, respectively). There was no statistical difference in: Endothelial cell loss during surgery (P = 0.298), intraoperative (P = 0.964) complications, and postoperative complications (P = 0.362). The phacoemulsification group had statistically significantly less astigmatism (P = 0.005) and more eyes with UCVA of 6/9 (P = 0.040). UCVA at near was statistically significantly better with SICS due to astigmatism and safer during the learning phase (P = 0.003). The average time for SICS was lower than phacoemulsification and cost <½ of phacoemulsification. CONCLUSION: The outcome of this meta-analysis indicated there is no difference between phacoemulsification and SICS for BCVA and UCVA of 6/18 and 6/60. Endothelial cell loss and intraoperative and postoperative complications were similar between procedures. SICS resulted in statistically greater astigmatism and UCVA of 6/9 or worse, however, near UCVA was better.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo/etiologia , Extração de Catarata/métodos , Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Astigmatismo/diagnóstico , Biometria , Extração de Catarata/efeitos adversos , Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Facoemulsificação/efeitos adversos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
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