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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(24): 242501, 2018 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30608744

RESUMO

The isospin character of p-n pairs at large relative momentum has been observed for the first time in the ^{16}O ground state. A strong population of the J,T=1,0 state and a very weak population of the J,T=0,1 state were observed in the neutron pickup domain of ^{16}O(p,pd) at 392 MeV. This strong isospin dependence at large momentum transfer is not reproduced by the distorted-wave impulse approximation calculations with known spectroscopic amplitudes. The results indicate the presence of high-momentum protons and neutrons induced by the tensor interactions in the ground state of ^{16}O.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 113(23): 232505, 2014 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25526124

RESUMO

We present a precise measurement of double-polarization asymmetries in the ^{3}He[over →](e[over →],e^{'}d) reaction. This particular process is a uniquely sensitive probe of hadron dynamics in ^{3}He and the structure of the underlying electromagnetic currents. The measurements have been performed in and around quasielastic kinematics at Q^{2}=0.25(GeV/c)^{2} for missing momenta up to 270 MeV/c. The asymmetries are in fair agreement with the state-of-the-art calculations in terms of their functional dependencies on p_{m} and ω, but are systematically offset. Beyond the region of the quasielastic peak, the discrepancies become even more pronounced. Thus, our measurements have been able to reveal deficiencies in the most sophisticated calculations of the three-body nuclear system, and indicate that further refinement in the treatment of their two-and/or three-body dynamics is required.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 110(20): 202501, 2013 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25167400

RESUMO

The first measurement of the three-body photodisintegration of longitudinally polarized (3)He with a circularly polarized γ-ray beam was carried out at the High Intensity γ-ray Source facility located at Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory. The spin-dependent double-differential cross sections and the contributions from the three-body photodisintegration to the (3)He Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn integrand are presented and compared with state-of-the-art three-body calculations at the incident photon energies of 12.8 and 14.7 MeV. The data reveal the importance of including the Coulomb interaction between protons in three-body calculations.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 103(15): 152501, 2009 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19905628

RESUMO

Cross sections for the 3He(e,e' pn)1H reaction were measured for the first time at energy transfers of 220 and 270 MeV for several momentum transfers ranging from 300 to 450 MeV/c. Cross sections are presented as a function of the momentum of the recoil proton and the momentum transfer. Continuum Faddeev calculations using the Argonne V18 and Bonn-B nucleon-nucleon potentials overestimate the measured cross sections by a factor 5 at low recoil proton momentum with the discrepancy becoming smaller at higher recoil proton momentum.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 101(2): 022303, 2008 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18764175

RESUMO

We present a measurement of the spin-dependent cross sections for the 3He over -->(e over -->,e')X reaction in the quasielastic and resonance regions at a four-momentum transfer 0.1< or =Q2< or =0.9 GeV2. The spin-structure functions have been extracted and used to evaluate the nuclear Burkhardt-Cottingham and extended Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn sum rules for the first time. The data are also compared to an impulse approximation calculation and an exact three-body Faddeev calculation in the quasielastic region.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 95(16): 162301, 2005 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16241788

RESUMO

Three precise measurements for elastic pd scattering at 135 MeV/A have been performed with the three different experimental setups. The cross sections are described well by the theoretical predictions based on modern nucleon-nucleon forces combined with three-nucleon forces. Relativistic Faddeev calculations show that relativistic effects are restricted to backward angles. This result supports the two measurements recently reported by RIKEN and contradicts the KVI data.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 93(13): 132301, 2004 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15524710

RESUMO

New, high-precision measurements of the 3He(e,e(')p) reaction using the A1 Collaboration spectrometers at the Mainz microtron MAMI are presented. These were performed in antiparallel kinematics at energy transfers below the quasielastic peak, and at a central momentum transfer of 685 MeV/c. Cross sections and distorted momentum distributions were extracted and compared to theoretical predictions and existing data. The longitudinal and transverse behavior of the cross section was also studied. Sizable differences in the cross-section behavior from theoretical predictions based on the plane wave impulse approximation were observed in both the two- and three-body breakup channels. Full Faddeev-type calculations account for some of the observed excess cross-section, but significant differences remain.

8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 87(24): 242501, 2001 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11736498

RESUMO

We present the first precision measurement of the spin-dependent asymmetry in the threshold region of 3He(e,e') at Q2 values of 0.1 and 0.2 (GeV/c)2. The agreement between the data and nonrelativistic Faddeev calculations which include both final-state interactions and meson-exchange current effects is very good at Q2 = 0.1 (GeV/c)2, while a small discrepancy at Q2 = 0.2 (GeV/c)2 is observed.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 86(26 Pt 1): 5862-5, 2001 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11415380

RESUMO

A series of measurements have been performed at KVI to obtain the vector analyzing power A(y) of the (2)H(p-->,pd) reaction as a function of incident beam energy at energies of 120, 135, 150, and 170 MeV. For all these measurements, a range of theta(c.m.) from 30 degrees to 170 degrees has been covered. The purpose of these investigations is to observe possible spin-dependent effects beyond two-nucleon forces. When compared to the predictions of Faddeev calculations, based on two-nucleon forces only, significant deviations are observed at all energies and at center-of-mass angles between 70 degrees and 130 degrees. The addition of present-day three-nucleon forces does not improve the description of the data, demonstrating the still insufficient understanding of the properties of three-nucleon systems.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 86(6): 967-70, 2001 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11177986

RESUMO

Developments in spin-polarized internal targets for storage rings have permitted measurements of 197 MeV polarized protons scattering from vector polarized deuterons. This work presents measurements of the polarization observables A(y), iT11, and C(y,y) in proton-deuteron elastic scattering. When compared to calculations with and without three-nucleon forces, the measurements provide further evidence that three-nucleon forces make a contribution to the observables. This work indicates that three-body forces derived from static nuclear properties appear to be crucial to the description of dynamical properties.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 84(4): 606-9, 2000 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11017327

RESUMO

New vector analyzing-power data on p-->+d elastic scattering at E(p) = 150 and 190 MeV have been measured. These are presented together with existing data and with recent d-->+p vector and tensor analyzing power data at E(d) = 270 MeV. The strong negative extremum of both vector analyzing powers A(p)(y) and A(d)(y) at straight theta(c.m.) approximately 80 degrees -120 degrees is underestimated by Faddeev calculations using modern NN forces. Inclusion of the Tucson-Melbourne 3N force shifts the minima upwards, but with conflicting results for A(p)(y), and leading to a good description for A(d)(y). An A(p)(y) puzzle, previously thought to exist at energies E(N)

12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 85(14): 2900-4, 2000 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11005963

RESUMO

We have measured the transverse asymmetry A(T') in 3He(e,e(')) quasielastic scattering in Hall A at Jefferson Laboratory with high precision for Q2 values from 0.1 to 0.6 (GeV/c)(2). The neutron magnetic form factor G(n)(M) was extracted based on Faddeev calculations for Q2 = 0.1 and 0.2 (GeV/c)(2) with an experimental uncertainty of less than 2%.

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