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1.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(7): 997-1001, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293267

RESUMO

Background: In this study, postoperative cardiac functions were observed in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery following preoperative administration of the anti-ischemic drug trimetazidine. Materials and Methods: The study included a total of 50 CABG patients; 25 were administered with trimetazidine preoperatively and 25 did not receive trimetazidine. A retrospective evaluation was made of the parameters of age, gender, preoperative echocardiography (ECHO) results, cross-clamping durations, postoperative inotropic requirements, and postoperative 4th-h troponin-I levels and the groups were compared. Results: There was no statistically significant difference determined between the 2 groups in respect of the data of age, gender, comorbidity, preoperative ECHO signs [(ejection fraction (EF), left ventricle end systolic diameter (lvsd), left ventricle end diastolic diameter (lvdd), left atrium diameter (LA), and intraventricular septum thickness (IVS)], inotropic requirements, and postoperative troponin-I levels. In the control group, a positive correlation was determined between postoperative troponin-I levels and DM (r: 0.597, p: 0.002). There was no correlation determined in the trimetazidine group (r:-0.042, p: 0.844). Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated a positive correlation between postoperative troponin-I levels and DM in the group not administered with trimetazidine. There was no such correlation determined in the group administered with trimetazidine. This result may suggest that DM may increase troponin-I levels in the absence of trimetazidine, and therefore that the drug may be cardioprotective in such cases. Further studies on more extensive patient populations are required to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Trimetazidina/administração & dosagem , Trimetazidina/uso terapêutico , Troponina T/sangue , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 21(5): 609-613, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29735862

RESUMO

Objective: Patients hospitalized in Intensive Care Units (ICU) are critically ill. Sometimes informed consent for invasive procedures cannot be obtained from patients or relatives due to insufficient information. Methodology: Relatives of the patients who were being hospitalized in ICUs of state hospitals in 3 provinces in Eastern part of Turkey during year 2015, who were planned to undergo central venous catheter insertion, tracheostomy, and percutaneous gastroenterostomy (PGE) were asked to sign consent forms and these relatives were included in the study. The study groups were allocated as verbal (VeIG) and verbal-visual information groups (ViIG). The next of kin who had the right for signing was included in the study. Results: Relatives of patients were interviewed for 512 invasive procedures. For the central venous catheterization, 91.6% of the VeIG (n = 166) and 97.6% of the ViIG (n = 166) accepted the central venous catheterization interventions (n = 332), for the tracheostomy, 65.3% of the VeIG (n = 49), 85.4% of the ViIG (n = 48) accepted the tracheostomy interventions (n = 97), and for the PGE, 23.8% of the VeIG (n = 42) and 48.8% of the ViIG (n = 41) accepted the PGE interventions (n = 83). A statistically significant difference was detected between VeIG and ViIG with regard to approval and refusal rates for different interventions. When approval-refusal rates were compared with regard to education level, statistically significant difference was not detected between VeIG and ViIG with regard to approval and refusal rates. Conclusions: Using visual materials such as video in addition to verbal information provided an improvement in consent ratios regardless of education levels.


Assuntos
Cateterismo , Gastroenterostomia , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Traqueostomia , Adulto , Pesquisa Comparativa da Efetividade , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Alfabetização em Saúde , Humanos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia
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