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1.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 9(9): e19496, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid misuse in the United States is a devastating public health crisis; many chronic opioid users were originally prescribed this class of medication for acute pain. Video narrative-enhanced risk communication may improve patient outcomes, such as knowledge of opioid risk and opioid use behaviors after an episode of acute pain. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to assess the effect of probabilistic and narrative-enhanced opioid risk communication on patient-reported outcomes, including knowledge, opioid use, and patient preferences, for patients who present to emergency departments with back pain and kidney stone pain. METHODS: This is a multisite randomized controlled trial. Patients presenting to the acute care facilities of four geographically and ethnically diverse US hospital centers with acute renal colic pain or musculoskeletal back and/or neck pain are eligible for this randomized controlled trial. A control group of patients receiving general risk information is compared to two intervention groups: one receiving the risk information sheet plus an individualized, visual probabilistic Opioid Risk Tool (ORT) and another receiving the risk information sheet plus a video narrative-enhanced probabilistic ORT. We will study the effect of probabilistic and narrative-enhanced opioid risk communication on the following: risk awareness and recall at 14 days postenrollment, reduced use or preferences for opioids after the emergency department episode, and alignment with patient preference and provider prescription. To assess these outcomes, we administer baseline patient surveys during acute care admission and follow-up surveys at predetermined times during the 3 months after discharge. RESULTS: A total of 1302 patients were enrolled over 24 months. The mean age of the participants was 40 years (SD 14), 692 out of 1302 (53.15%) were female, 556 out of 1302 (42.70%) were White, 498 out of 1302 (38.25%) were Black, 1002 out of 1302 (76.96%) had back pain, and 334 out of 1302 (25.65%) were at medium or high risk. Demographics and ORT scores were equally distributed across arms. CONCLUSIONS: This study seeks to assess the potential clinical role of narrative-enhanced, risk-informed communication for acute pain management in acute care settings. This paper outlines the protocol used to implement the study and highlights crucial methodological, statistical, and stakeholder involvement as well as dissemination considerations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03134092; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03134092. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/19496.

2.
Womens Health Issues ; 25(5): 555-60, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26227208

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women veterans experience high rates of intimate partner violence (IPV), with associated negative health impacts. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has recently developed plans to implement routine IPV screening and provide IPV-related follow-up services for VHA patients. Previous research has examined barriers and facilitators to health care provider screening for IPV. The next step is to examine patients' disclosure of IPV experiences to health care providers and effective response to such disclosures. We sought to identify VHA patients' and providers' perspectives on how to facilitate effective IPV detection and care in VHA. METHODS: We conducted semistructured, qualitative interviews with 25 female veteran patients and 15 VHA health care providers. We used an inductive approach to analyzing interview transcripts and identifying themes that constituted study findings. RESULTS: Themes fell in to two broad categories: 1) barriers to disclosure and 2) barriers to an adequate response to disclosure and providing follow-up care. Barriers to disclosure of IPV to health care providers included lack of provider inquiry, lack of comfort, and concerns about the consequences of disclosure and lack of privacy. Patients and providers both indicated a need for expanded resources to respond to IPV in VHA. CONCLUSIONS: Findings support current plans for IPV program implementation in VHA and point to recommendations for practice and implications for further research.


Assuntos
Revelação , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Programas de Rastreamento , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/diagnóstico , Veteranos/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Saúde dos Veteranos
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