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J Am Chem Soc ; 127(32): 11497-504, 2005 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16089480


Milligram amounts of the new compounds 1,9- and 1,7-C60F(CF3) (ca. 85:15 mixture of isomers) and C60F3(CF3) were isolated from a high-temperature C60/K2PtF6 reaction mixture and purified to 98 mol % compositional purity by two-dimensional high-performance liquid chromatography using Buckyprep and Buckyclutcher columns. The previously observed compounds C60F5(CF3) and C60F7(CF3) were also purified to 90+ mol % for the first time. Variable-temperature 19F NMR spectra of the mixture of C60F(CF3) isomers and the previously reported mixture of C(s)- and C1-C60F17(CF3) isomers demonstrate for the first time that fullerene(F)n(CF3)m derivatives with adjacent F and CF3 substituents exhibit slow-exchange limit hindered CF3 rotation spectra at -40 +/- 10 degrees C. The experimental and density functional theory (DFT) predicted deltaH++ values for CF3 rotation in 1,9-C60F(CF3) are 46.8(7) and 46 kJ mol(-1), respectively. The DFT-predicted deltaH++ values for 1,7-C60F(CF3), C(s)-C60F17(CF3), and C1-C60F17(CF3) are 20, 44, and 54 kJ mol(-1), respectively. The (> or = 4)J(FF) values from the slow-exchange-limit 19F spectra, which vary from ca. 0 to 48(1) Hz, show that the dominant nuclear spin-spin coupling mechanism is through-space coupling (i.e., direct overlap of fluorine atom lone-pair orbitals) rather than coupling through the sigma-bond framework. The 2J(FF) values within the CF3 groups vary from 107(1) to 126(1) Hz. Collectively, the NMR data provide an unambiguous set of (> or = 4)J(FF) values for three different compounds that can be correlated with DFT-predicted or X-ray diffraction derived distances and angles and an unambiguous set of 2J(FF) values that can serve as an internal standard for all future J(FF) calculations.

Org Biomol Chem ; 1(11): 2015-23, 2003 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12945788


A range of tertiary carbanions XCH(CO2Et)2 of differing sizes have been reacted with C60F18 to assess the steric effect of X on the position of nucleophilic substitution. For X = CO2Et, NO2, P(O)(OMe)2, SO2CH2Ph, the all trans annulenes (trannulenes) were obtained as a result of extended S(N)2' (i.e. S(N)2'') substitution; in the case of the phosphorus compound, with reduced amounts of base (DBU) dephosphonylation of one or more P(O)(OMe)2 groups by hydrogen occurred. Trannulene formation did not occur for X = F, CN due to the smaller size of the nucleophile, and in the latter case substitution was shown to take place by an S(N)2' mechanism, resulting in the addend being adjacent to a fluorine addend. Trannulenes (X = CO2Et, Br, Cl) exhibited reversible one-electron reductions at potentials (-0.02 to -0.09 V) significantly more positive than for [60]fullerene. Trannulene (X = NO2) exhibited an irreversible one-electron reduction (0.08 V); the irreversibility may be associated with fluorine loss. Conformational isomerism at temperatures below 298 K was observed for all trannulene derivatives as a result of eclipsing addend-addend interactions. Minimum energy conformations with a rotational energy barrier of 12-15 kcal mol(-1) were observed when these interactions are calculated using molecular mechanics.