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Nano Lett ; 20(9): 6815-6823, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32786952


Spin-dependent transport at heavy metal/magnetic insulator interfaces is at the origin of many phenomena at the forefront of spintronics research. A proper quantification of the different interfacial spin conductances is crucial for many applications. Here, we report the first measurement of the spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) of Pt on a purely ferromagnetic insulator (EuS). We perform SMR measurements in a wide range of temperatures and fit the results by using a microscopic model. From this fitting procedure, we obtain the temperature dependence of the spin conductances (Gs, Gr, and Gi), disentangling the contribution of field-like torque (Gi), damping-like torque (Gr), and spin-flip scattering (Gs). An interfacial exchange field of the order of 1 meV acting upon the conduction electrons of Pt can be estimated from Gi, which is at least three times larger than Gr below the Curie temperature. Our work provides an easy method to quantify this interfacial spin-splitting field, which plays a key role in emerging fields such as superconducting spintronics and caloritronics as well as topological quantum computation.

Nano Lett ; 19(9): 6330-6337, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378061


We present a theory of the spin Hall magnetoresistance of metals in contact with magnetic insulators. We express the spin mixing conductances, which govern the phenomenology of the effect, in terms of the microscopic parameters of the interface and the spin-spin correlation functions of the local moments on the surface of the magnetic insulator. The magnetic-field and temperature dependence of the spin mixing conductances leads to a rich behavior of the resistance due to an interplay between the Hanle effect and the spin mixing at the interface. We describe an unusual negative magnetoresistance originating from a nonlocal Hanle effect. Our theory provides a useful tool for understanding the experiments on heavy metals in contact with magnetic insulators of different kinds, and it enables the spin Hall magnetoresistance effect to be used as a technique to study magnetism at interfaces.

Molecules ; 23(4)2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29677142


The magnetic anisotropy and exchange coupling between spins localized at the positions of 3d transition metal atoms forming two-dimensional metal⁻organic coordination networks (MOCNs) grown on a Au(111) metal surface are studied. In particular, we consider MOCNs made of Ni or Mn metal centers linked by 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) organic ligands, which form rectangular networks with 1:1 stoichiometry. Based on the analysis of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) data taken at T = 2.5 K, we find that Ni atoms in the Ni⁻TCNQ MOCNs are coupled ferromagnetically and do not show any significant magnetic anisotropy, while Mn atoms in the Mn⁻TCNQ MOCNs are coupled antiferromagnetically and do show a weak magnetic anisotropy with in-plane magnetization. We explain these observations using both a model Hamiltonian based on mean-field Weiss theory and density functional theory calculations that include spin⁻orbit coupling. Our main conclusion is that the antiferromagnetic coupling between Mn spins and the in-plane magnetization of the Mn spins can be explained by neglecting effects due to the presence of the Au(111) surface, while for Ni⁻TCNQ the metal surface plays a role in determining the absence of magnetic anisotropy in the system.

Fenômenos Magnéticos , Magnetismo , Metais/química , Modelos Químicos , Algoritmos , Anisotropia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Magnetismo/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Análise Espectral
Phys Rev Lett ; 116(1): 016603, 2016 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26799036


We report measurements of a new type of magnetoresistance in Pt and Ta thin films. The spin accumulation created at the surfaces of the film by the spin Hall effect decreases in a magnetic field because of the Hanle effect, resulting in an increase of the electrical resistance as predicted by Dyakonov [Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 126601 (2007)]. The angular dependence of this magnetoresistance resembles the recently discovered spin Hall magnetoresistance in Pt/Y(3)Fe(5)O(12) bilayers, although the presence of a ferromagnetic insulator is not required. We show that this Hanle magnetoresistance is an alternative simple way to quantitatively study the coupling between charge and spin currents in metals with strong spin-orbit coupling.

Phys Rev Lett ; 98(26): 266801, 2007 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17678116


We demonstrate control of the electron number down to the last electron in tunable few-electron quantum dots defined in catalytically grown InAs nanowires. Using low temperature transport spectroscopy in the Coulomb blockade regime, we propose a method to directly determine the magnitude of the spin-orbit interaction in a two-electron artificial atom with strong spin-orbit coupling. Because of a large effective g factor |g(*)|=8+/-1, the transition from a singlet S to a triplet T+ ground state with increasing magnetic field is dominated by the Zeeman energy rather than by orbital effects. We find that the spin-orbit coupling mixes the T+ and S states and thus induces an avoided crossing with magnitude Delta(SO)=0.25+/-0.05 meV. This allows us to calculate the spin-orbit length lambda(SO) approximately 127 nm in such systems using a simple model.

Phys Rev Lett ; 93(10): 106804, 2004 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15447437


We consider electron spin qubits in quantum dots and define a measurement efficiency e to characterize reliable measurements via n-shot readouts. We propose various implementations based on a double dot and a quantum point contact (QPC) and show that the associated efficiencies e vary between 50% and 100%, allowing single-shot readout in the latter case. We model the readout microscopically and derive its time dynamics in terms of a generalized master equation, calculate the QPC current, and show that it allows spin readout under realistic conditions.