Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(6): 2293-2306, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269186

RESUMO

The eating habits of pregnant women are influenced by several factors, and it is essential to understand them in order to establish nutritional interventions in prenatal care. The objective of this integrative review was to analyze the bibliographic production on the eating habits of pregnant Brazilian women. A search was conducted in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases (SciELO) using the following key words: "Gestantes" or "Grávidas" and "Hábitos Alimentares" in Portuguese, and "Pregnant women" and "Eating habits" and "Brazil" in English. After the adoption of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 18 studies were analyzed. Some studies targeted specific populations such as adolescents or non-obese pregnant women. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was the instrument most often used to investigate food consumption among pregnant women. The majority of the studies revealed that the diet of pregnant women needs improvement, especially due to the low consumption of fruit, greens and vegetables, and the high consumption of sugar, sweets and fats. Most studies concluded and reinforced the importance and need for nutritional education by prenatal professionals. More studies are needed to better understand these eating habits.

2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(6): 2293-2306, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011801

RESUMO

Resumo Os hábitos alimentares das mulheres grávidas são influenciados por diversos fatores, sendo essencial conhecê-los para poder realizar intervenções nutricionais na atenção pré-natal. O objetivo desta revisão integrativa foi analisar a produção bibliográfica sobre hábitos alimentares de gestantes brasileiras. Foram buscados artigos na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e na Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO) utilizando os seguintes descritores: "Gestantes" OR "Grávidas" AND "Hábitos Alimentares" e os termos "Pregnant women" AND "Food habits" AND "Brazil" para busca em inglês. Após a adoção dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão foram analisados 18 estudos. Alguns estudos contemplaram populações específicas como adolescentes ou gestantes não obesas. O instrumento mais utilizado para investigação do consumo alimentar de gestantes foi o Questionário de Frequência Alimentar. A maioria mostrou que a dieta das gestantes precisa de melhorias, especialmente pelo baixo consumo de frutas, verduras e hortaliças, elevado consumo de açúcares, doces e gorduras. A maioria dos estudos concluiu e reforçou a importância e a necessidade da educação nutricional pelos profissionais atuantes no pré-natal. Mais estudos são necessários para compreensão mais acurada destes hábitos alimentares.


Abstract The eating habits of pregnant women are influenced by several factors, and it is essential to understand them in order to establish nutritional interventions in prenatal care. The objective of this integrative review was to analyze the bibliographic production on the eating habits of pregnant Brazilian women. A search was conducted in the Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Scientific Electronic Library Online databases (SciELO) using the following key words: "Gestantes" or "Grávidas" and "Hábitos Alimentares" in Portuguese, and "Pregnant women" and "Eating habits" and "Brazil" in English. After the adoption of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 18 studies were analyzed. Some studies targeted specific populations such as adolescents or non-obese pregnant women. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was the instrument most often used to investigate food consumption among pregnant women. The majority of the studies revealed that the diet of pregnant women needs improvement, especially due to the low consumption of fruit, greens and vegetables, and the high consumption of sugar, sweets and fats. Most studies concluded and reinforced the importance and need for nutritional education by prenatal professionals. More studies are needed to better understand these eating habits.

3.
Matern Child Health J ; 23(5): 692-703, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30610533

RESUMO

Objectives Nutrition during pregnancy is related with many maternal and child outcomes. To investigate the consumption of ultra-processed foods is one of the newest methods to evaluate food consumption, but these studies in pregnant women are rare. Methods We conducted a non-randomized controlled educational intervention on healthy eating and physical activity during pregnancy in primary health care units of Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. The sample comprised two groups of pregnant women with low obstetric risk, an intervention group (n = 181) and a control group (n = 172). The health professionals that assisted the pregnant women from the intervention group were trained to promote five healthy food practices during the prenatal care appointments: consumption of three fruits; two portions of vegetables; two portions of beans, at least 5 days per week; and restriction of soft drinks and industrially processed cookies. All pregnant women answered two 24-h dietary recalls per trimester, one face-to-face, another by telephone. The foods consumed by pregnant women were classified according Nova. The impact of the intervention on the ultra-processed food consumption was evaluated by multilevel linear regression analysis. Results A quarter of the energy consumed by the pregnant women provided from ultra-processed foods. The intervention reduced these percentage of energy between the first and second trimester of pregnancy by 4.6 points (p = 0.015). This effect was not observed in the third trimester of pregnancy. Conclusions for Practice Training health care professionals to promote healthy food practices is a viable and sustainable alternative to reduce ultra-processed foods during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Gestantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Metabolismo Energético , Exercício/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estado Nutricional , Gravidez
4.
Cad Saude Publica ; 32(12): e00127815, 2016 Dec 15.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27992038

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the prevalence of inadequate calcium and vitamin D dietary intake and related factors in two cohorts of pregnant women according to trimester of pregnancy. Two 24-hour dietary recall tests were taken in each trimester, one pertaining to weekends. Variables significantly correlated with intake of these nutrients were included in a multivariate linear regression model, adjusted for energy. Prevalence of inadequate intake was estimated according to the National Cancer Institute method (United States). In cohort A, inadequate vitamin D did not differ between trimesters; in B there was a reduction: from 99.7% in the first trimester to 97.1% in the third. In cohorts A and B, inadequate calcium intake exceeded 70%, falling slightly from the first (89.2% and 81.4%) to the second (79.7% and 69.1%) and third trimesters (82.7% and 72.6%). There was no correlation between maternal variables and the intake of these micronutrients. In conclusion, intake of vitamin D and calcium is seriously inadequate and distributed homogeneously among pregnant women in the primary healthcare network.


Assuntos
Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Registros de Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Paridade , Gravidez , Trimestres da Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Cad. saúde pública ; 32(12): e00127815, 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-828401

RESUMO

Este estudo objetivou identificar a prevalência de inadequação da ingestão, por trimestre, de cálcio e vitamina D, em duas coortes de gestantes e fatores correlacionados a esta ingestão. Foram coletados dois recordatórios alimentares de 24 horas em cada trimestre, um relativo a final de semana. Variáveis com correlação significativa com a ingestão desses nutrientes foram incluídas em modelo de regressão linear multivariada, com ajuste por energia. A frequência de inadequação foi estimada pelo método do National Cancer Institute (Estados Unidos). Na coorte A, a inadequação da ingestão de vitamina D não diferiu entre os trimestres; na B, houve redução: 99,7% no 1º para 97,1% no 3º trimestre. Nas coortes A e B, a inadequação da ingestão de cálcio esteve acima de 70%, caindo discretamente do 1º (89,2% e 81,4%) para o 2º (79,7 e 69,1%) e 3º trimestres (82,7% e 72,6%). Não houve correlação entre as variáveis maternas e a ingestão desses micronutrientes. Conclui-se que há um quadro grave de inadequação da ingestão de vitamina D e cálcio, homogeneamente distribuído entre as gestantes assistidas na rede básica de saúde.


This study aimed to identify the prevalence of inadequate calcium and vitamin D dietary intake and related factors in two cohorts of pregnant women according to trimester of pregnancy. Two 24-hour dietary recall tests were taken in each trimester, one pertaining to weekends. Variables significantly correlated with intake of these nutrients were included in a multivariate linear regression model, adjusted for energy. Prevalence of inadequate intake was estimated according to the National Cancer Institute method (United States). In cohort A, inadequate vitamin D did not differ between trimesters; in B there was a reduction: from 99.7% in the first trimester to 97.1% in the third. In cohorts A and B, inadequate calcium intake exceeded 70%, falling slightly from the first (89.2% and 81.4%) to the second (79.7% and 69.1%) and third trimesters (82.7% and 72.6%). There was no correlation between maternal variables and the intake of these micronutrients. In conclusion, intake of vitamin D and calcium is seriously inadequate and distributed homogeneously among pregnant women in the primary healthcare network.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar la prevalencia de inadecuación en la ingestión, por trimestre, de calcio y vitamina D, en dos cohortes de gestantes, además de los factores correlacionados con esta ingestión. Se recogieron dos recordatorios alimentarios de 24 horas durante cada trimestre, uno de ellos relativo al fin de semana. Se incluyeron variables en correlación significativa con la ingestión de esos nutrientes, en el modelo de regresión lineal multivariante, con ajuste por energía. La frecuencia de inadecuación fue estimada por el método del National Cancer Institute (Estados Unidos). En la cohorte A, la inadecuación de la ingestión de vitamina D no difirió entre los trimestres; en la B, hubo reducción: un 99,7% durante el 1º, frente a un 97,1% en el 3º trimestre. En las cohortes A y B, la inadecuación en la ingestión de calcio estuvo por encima de un 70%, cayendo discretamente del 1º (89,2% y 81,4%), al 2º (79,7 y 69,1%) y 3º trimestres (82,7% e 72,6%). No hubo correlación entre las variables maternas y la ingestión de esos micronutrientes. Se concluye que existe un cuadro grave de inadecuación en la ingestión de vitamina D y calcio, homogéneamente distribuido entre las gestantes asistidas por la red básica de salud.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Vitamina D/administração & dosagem , Brasil , Registros de Dieta , Estado Nutricional , Paridade , Trimestres da Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
6.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 37(7): 325-32, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26247253

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the eating behavior of pregnant women assisted by primary health care and to compare it with women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on 256 pregnant women in the second trimester of gestation, selected by drawing lots from those assisted by primary health care units of a municipality in the state of São Paulo in 2009/2010. Eating habits were investigated via a questionnaire adapted from the VIGITEL system, consisting of questions about eating habits in general and the frequency and consumption characteristics of food groups/specific foods. For tis comparison, we used the indicators reported by the VIGITEL system for women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals in 2010. The analyses involved the presentation of frequency distribution and descriptive statistics with comparisons according to the age group. RESULTS: Most patients had breakfast every day (86.7%) and 45.7% habitually exchanged a main meal for a snack once or twice a week. A daily consumption of fruit, raw salad and vegetables was not reported by 48.8%, 41.8% and 55.1% of the women, respectively. Fish was reported to never or almost never be consumed by 64.4% of the pregnant women. At least once a week, 69.9% of them reported the consumption of soda, and 86.4% of wafers/cookies. The comparison between the pregnant women and women at childbearing age in capitals showed a close similar prevalence of overweight, and no difference in the regular consumption of fruit and vegetables. Meat containing excess of fat and whole milk were more consumed by pregnant women, with differences reported in all the age groups analyzed. On the other hand, the pregnant women reported a less regular intake of soft drinks. CONCLUSIONS: The actions that need to be performed in prenatal care are various and very important, promoting the consumption of specific foods and providing guidelines about eating behavior, while reinforcing healthy eating habits already present.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 37(7): 325-332, 07/2015. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-753134

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Conhecer o comportamento alimentar de gestantes assistidas pela atenção primária à saúde e compará-lo ao de mulheres em idade fértil das capitais brasileiras. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado no segundo trimestre gestacional com 256 gestantes, sorteadas dentre as assistidas pelas unidades de atenção primária à saúde de um município do interior paulista em 2009/2010. As práticas alimentares foram investigadas utilizando questionário adaptado do sistema Vigitel, composto por questões acerca de comportamentos alimentares em geral e frequência e características de consumo de grupos alimentares/alimentos específicos. Para a comparação foram utilizados os indicadores reportados pelo sistema Vigitel para as mulheres em idade fértil das capitais brasileiras no ano de 2010. As análises envolveram a apresentação de distribuição de frequências e estatísticas descritivas (distribuição de frequências ou médias e respectivos intervalos de confiança) com comparações de acordo com faixa etária. RESULTADOS: A maioria das gestantes consumia o café da manhã todos os dias (86,7%); a troca da refeição principal por lanche uma ou duas vezes por semana era o hábito de 45,7%. O consumo diário de frutas, salada crua, verduras e legumes não ocorria, respectivamente, em 48,8, 41,8 e 55,1% das gestantes. Peixe foi relatado como nunca ou quase nunca consumido por 64,4% das gestantes. Pelo menos uma vez por semana, 69,9% delas relataram consumo de refrigerante e 86,4% de bolacha/biscoito. Comparando as gestantes e mulheres em idade fértil das capitais brasileiras, a prevalência de excesso de peso foi bastante parecida e não houve diferenças entre o consumo regular de frutas e hortaliças. Carne com excesso de gordura e leite integral foram mais consumidos pelas gestantes, com diferenças em todas as faixas etárias analisadas. Por outro lado, gestantes tiveram menor ingestão regular de refrigerantes. CONCLUSÕES: Devem ser variadas e de grande importância ...


PURPOSE: To determine the eating behavior of pregnant women assisted by primary health care and to compare it with women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted on 256 pregnant women in the second trimester of gestation, selected by drawing lots from those assisted by primary health care units of a municipality in the state of São Paulo in 2009/2010. Eating habits were investigated via a questionnaire adapted from the VIGITEL system, consisting of questions about eating habits in general and the frequency and consumption characteristics of food groups/specific foods. For tis comparison, we used the indicators reported by the VIGITEL system for women at childbearing age in Brazilian capitals in 2010. The analyses involved the presentation of frequency distribution and descriptive statistics with comparisons according to the age group. RESULTS: Most patients had breakfast every day (86.7%) and 45.7% habitually exchanged a main meal for a snack once or twice a week. A daily consumption of fruit, raw salad and vegetables was not reported by 48.8%, 41.8% and 55.1% of the women, respectively. Fish was reported to never or almost never be consumed by 64.4% of the pregnant women. At least once a week, 69.9% of them reported the consumption of soda, and 86.4% of wafers/cookies. The comparison between the pregnant women and women at childbearing age in capitals showed a close similar prevalence of overweight, and no difference in the regular consumption of fruit and vegetables. Meat containing excess of fat and whole milk were more consumed by pregnant women, with differences reported in all the age groups analyzed. On the other hand, the pregnant women reported a less regular intake of soft drinks. CONCLUSIONS: The actions that need to be performed in prenatal care are various and very important, promoting the consumption of specific foods and providing guidelines about eating behavior, while reinforcing ...


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Comportamento Alimentar , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , População Urbana
8.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 12(4)dez 21,2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-702935

RESUMO

Aim: To identify the profile of precocious (under 16 years of age) and late pregnant adolescents (17-19 years) by comparing neonatal results. Method: This is a unique cohort in which potential confounders of a biological and socio-demographic nature were identified (p<0.05), with subsequent analysis of adverse neonatal results in both studied groups, using the chi-square test. Results: We identified differences in the workplace, first pregnancy, income, labor in the Unified Health System, and cohabitation with a partner. Low Apgar scores and respiratory disorders were more frequent in early adolescents. The need for resuscitation and admission to an intensive care unit did not differ between groups. Discussion: The studied adolescents revealed that they live in social risk. A relationship was found between Apgar scores and respiratory disorders in the fetuses of early adolescents. Conclusion: We suggest the need for investment to prevent pregnancy in this age group, and for prenatal care and skilled birth support, especially for precocious adolescents.


Objetivo:Identificar el perfil de las adolescentes embarazadas precoces (hasta 16 años) y tardías de (17-19 años),comparando los resultados neonatales.Métodos: Se trata de cohorte único en que fueron identificados potenciales de factores de confución de naturaleza biológica y sociodemográfica ( p<0,05), con un análisis posterior de resultados de neonatal adversos en los dos grupos estudiados, desde la prueba qui-cuadrado. Resultados: Se identificaron diferencias relativas al trabajo,del primer embarazo, ingresos,parto en el SUS y convivencia con compañero. Bajos índices de Apgar y trastornos respiratorios fueron más frecuentes en adolescentes precoces. La necesidad de reanimación e internación en la unidad de terapia intensiva no fue diferido entre los grupos. Discusión: Las adolescentes estudiadas mostraron estar en riesgo social. Se encontró una relación entre índices de Apgar y trastornos respiratorios en los conceptos de adolescentes precoces. Conclusión: Se sugieren inversiones para la prevención del embarazo en esta edad, asistencia prenatal y al parto calificado, especialmente para adolescentes precoces.


Objetivo: Identificar o perfil das gestantes adolescentes precoces (até 16 anos) e tardias (17-19 anos), comparando os resultados neonatais. Método: Trata-se de coorte única, em que foram identificados potenciais confundidores de natureza biológica e sociodemográfica (p<0,05), com posterior análise de resultados neonatais adversos nos dois grupos estudados, a partir do teste qui-quadrado. Resultados: Identificaram-se diferenças relativas ao trabalho, primigestação, renda, parto no SUS e convivência com companheiro. Baixos índices de Apgar e distúrbios respiratórios foram mais frequentes em adolescentes precoces. A necessidade de reanimação e internação em unidade de terapia intensiva não diferiu entre os grupos. Discussão: As adolescentes estudadas evidenciaram estar em risco social. Encontrou-se relação entre índices de Apgar e distúrbios respiratórios nos conceptos de adolescentes precoces. Conclusão: Sugerem-se investimentos para prevenção da gravidez nesta faixa etária, assistência pré-natal e ao parto qualificado, especialmente para adolescentes precoces.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Índice de Apgar , Recém-Nascido , Enfermagem Neonatal , Gravidez na Adolescência , Saúde Pública
9.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 12(4)dez 21,2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: bde-25716

RESUMO

Aim: To identify the profile of precocious (under 16 years of age) and late pregnant adolescents (17-19 years) by comparing neonatal results. Method: This is a unique cohort in which potential confounders of a biological and socio-demographic nature were identified (p<0.05), with subsequent analysis of adverse neonatal results in both studied groups, using the chi-square test. Results: We identified differences in the workplace, first pregnancy, income, labor in the Unified Health System, and cohabitation with a partner. Low Apgar scores and respiratory disorders were more frequent in early adolescents. The need for resuscitation and admission to an intensive care unit did not differ between groups. Discussion: The studied adolescents revealed that they live in social risk. A relationship was found between Apgar scores and respiratory disorders in the fetuses of early adolescents. Conclusion: We suggest the need for investment to prevent pregnancy in this age group, and for prenatal care and skilled birth support, especially for precocious adolescents.(AU)


Objetivo:Identificar el perfil de las adolescentes embarazadas precoces (hasta 16 años) y tardías de (17-19 años),comparando los resultados neonatales.Métodos: Se trata de cohorte único en que fueron identificados potenciales de factores de confución de naturaleza biológica y sociodemográfica ( p<0,05), con un análisis posterior de resultados de neonatal adversos en los dos grupos estudiados, desde la prueba qui-cuadrado. Resultados: Se identificaron diferencias relativas al trabajo,del primer embarazo, ingresos,parto en el SUS y convivencia con compañero. Bajos índices de Apgar y trastornos respiratorios fueron más frecuentes en adolescentes precoces. La necesidad de reanimación e internación en la unidad de terapia intensiva no fue diferido entre los grupos. Discusión: Las adolescentes estudiadas mostraron estar en riesgo social. Se encontró una relación entre índices de Apgar y trastornos respiratorios en los conceptos de adolescentes precoces. Conclusión: Se sugieren inversiones para la prevención del embarazo en esta edad, asistencia prenatal y al parto calificado, especialmente para adolescentes precoces.(AU)


Objetivo: Identificar o perfil das gestantes adolescentes precoces (até 16 anos) e tardias (17-19 anos), comparando os resultados neonatais. Método: Trata-se de coorte única, em que foram identificados potenciais confundidores de natureza biológica e sociodemográfica (p<0,05), com posterior análise de resultados neonatais adversos nos dois grupos estudados, a partir do teste qui-quadrado. Resultados: Identificaram-se diferenças relativas ao trabalho, primigestação, renda, parto no SUS e convivência com companheiro. Baixos índices de Apgar e distúrbios respiratórios foram mais frequentes em adolescentes precoces. A necessidade de reanimação e internação em unidade de terapia intensiva não diferiu entre os grupos. Discussão: As adolescentes estudadas evidenciaram estar em risco social. Encontrou-se relação entre índices de Apgar e distúrbios respiratórios nos conceptos de adolescentes precoces. Conclusão: Sugerem-se investimentos para prevenção da gravidez nesta faixa etária, assistência pré-natal e ao parto qualificado, especialmente para adolescentes precoces.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Gravidez na Adolescência , Recém-Nascido , Índice de Apgar , Saúde Pública , Enfermagem Neonatal
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 35(11): 523-529, nov. 2013. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-697981

RESUMO

OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a adequação do ganho ponderal gestacional e verificar sua associação com fatores socioeconômicos, demográficos e nutricionais maternos e relativos à atenção à saúde e estimar a prevalência de baixo peso ao nascer, macrossomia, prematuridade e parto cesárea e identificar a associação desses desfechos com adequação do ganho ponderal. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado em 2009/2010 forneceu dados socioeconômicos, demográficos, nutricionais, alimentares e sobre atividade física de gestantes assistidas na atenção primária à saúde de município paulista. Posteriormente, foram coletados nos prontuários dados de peso para avaliar o ganho ponderal gestacional. No Sistema de Informações de Nascidos Vivos obtiveram-se tipo de parto, peso e idade gestacional do concepto ao nascer. O ganho ponderal gestacional foi avaliado segundo recomendações do Institute of Medicine (2009). As associações foram investigadas mediante comparação de frequências e regressão logística, sendo ganho ponderal excessivo (sim, não) e ganho insuficiente (sim, não) as variáveis dependentes. RESULTADOS: Foram estudadas 212 gestantes: 50,5% apresentaram ganho excessivo e 19,8%, insuficiente. Apenas estado nutricional pré-gestacional associou-se com adequação do ganho ponderal: na comparação com eutróficas, o sobrepeso pré-gestacional quadruplicou a chance de ganho excessivo (OR 4,66; IC95% 2,19-9,4). Quase um terço dos conceptos nasceu de cesariana, 5,7%, prematuros, 7,1%, com baixo peso e 4,7%, macrossômicos. Não houve associação entre adequação do ganho ponderal gestacional e tais desfechos. CONCLUSÕES: É alta a proporção de ganho ponderal gestacional inadequado. Gestantes com sobrepeso têm sua chance de ganho excessivo quadruplicada, devendo ser priorizadas em ações de promoção do ganho de peso adequado no pré-natal.


PURPOSE: To evaluate the adequacy of gestational weight gain and to determine its association with maternal socioeconomic, demographic and nutritional factors and health care, to estimate the prevalence of low birth weight, macrosomia, preterm birth and cesarean delivery and to identify the association of these outcomes with the adequacy of weight gain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 2009/2010 to obtain socioeconomic, demographic, nutritional, dietary and physical activity data of pregnant women assisted by primary health care in a municipality of the state of São Paulo. Subsequently, data were collected from the medical records to evaluate gestational weight gain. Type of delivery, birth weight and gestational age at delivery were obtained from the Livebirths Information System. Gestational weight gain was evaluated according to the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (2009). Associations were investigated by comparing the frequencies and by logistic regression, with excessive weight gain (yes, no) and insufficient gain (yes, no) being the dependent variables. RESULTS: A total of 212 pregnant women were studied: 50.5% had excessive gain and 19.8% insufficient weight gain. Only prepregnancy nutritional status was associated with adequacy of weight gain: compared with normal weight, prepregnancy overweight women had a four-fold higher chance to gain excessive weight (OR 4.66, 95%CI 2.19-9.4). Nearly a third of babies were born by caesarian section, 5.7% were premature, 7.1% were underweight and 4.7% were macrosomic. There was no association between adequacy of gestational weight gain and these outcomes. CONCLUSION: The proportion of inadequate gestational weight gain was high. Overweight pregnant women have a four-fold higher chance to gain excessive weight, and priority should be given to actions promoting adequate prenatal weight gain.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Ganho de Peso , Estudos Transversais , Resultado da Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
11.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 35(11): 523-9, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24419534

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the adequacy of gestational weight gain and to determine its association with maternal socioeconomic, demographic and nutritional factors and health care, to estimate the prevalence of low birth weight, macrosomia, preterm birth and cesarean delivery and to identify the association of these outcomes with the adequacy of weight gain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 2009/2010 to obtain socioeconomic, demographic, nutritional, dietary and physical activity data of pregnant women assisted by primary health care in a municipality of the state of São Paulo. Subsequently, data were collected from the medical records to evaluate gestational weight gain. Type of delivery, birth weight and gestational age at delivery were obtained from the Livebirths Information System. Gestational weight gain was evaluated according to the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine (2009). Associations were investigated by comparing the frequencies and by logistic regression, with excessive weight gain (yes, no) and insufficient gain (yes, no) being the dependent variables. RESULTS: A total of 212 pregnant women were studied: 50.5% had excessive gain and 19.8% insufficient weight gain. Only prepregnancy nutritional status was associated with adequacy of weight gain: compared with normal weight, prepregnancy overweight women had a four-fold higher chance to gain excessive weight (OR 4.66, 95%CI 2.19-9.4). Nearly a third of babies were born by caesarian section, 5.7% were premature, 7.1% were underweight and 4.7% were macrosomic. There was no association between adequacy of gestational weight gain and these outcomes. CONCLUSION: The proportion of inadequate gestational weight gain was high. Overweight pregnant women have a four-fold higher chance to gain excessive weight, and priority should be given to actions promoting adequate prenatal weight gain.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Ganho de Peso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA