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1.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenoid ameloblastoma is a rare epithelial neoplasm, histologically characterized by the presence of ameloblastoma-like features, duct-like structures, epithelial whorls, and cribriform architecture. Dentinoid material is usually present. Some advocate adenoid ameloblastoma is an ameloblastoma variant. However, there are overlapping features not only with ameloblastoma, but also with adenomatoid odontogenic tumor. Most ameloblastomas are characterized by the presence of BRAF p.V600E mutations and adenomatoid odontogenic tumors harbor signature KRAS mutations. The molecular features of adenoid ameloblastoma remain unknown. METHODS: Nine adenoid ameloblastoma cases were screened by TaqMan allele-specific qPCR to assess BRAF p.V600E, ameloblastoma signature mutation, and KRAS p.G12V and p.G12R, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor signature mutations. RESULTS: BRAF and KRAS mutations were not detected in any of the adenoid ameloblastoma cases. CONCLUSION: The molecular results support adenoid ameloblastoma as an entity distinct from adenomatoid odontogenic tumor and ameloblastoma.

2.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hybrid odontogenic lesions combine histopathological characteristics of two or more odontogenic cysts and/or tumours. The aim of this study was to evaluate the available data on hybrid odontogenic lesions (HOL) and to analyse their epidemiological/clinical features and biological behaviour. METHODS: An electronic search was done in January 2021 using multiple databases. Eligibility criteria encompassed publications with sufficient clinical and histological information to confirm the tumours' diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 147 articles were included in this study, comprising 203 cases. Calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with odontoma (COC/OD) (37/18.2%) was the most common HOL. Females were more affected with a mean age of 24.9 years. Lesions presented as asymptomatic swellings, with a mean evolution time of 8.2 months (0.3-96), and mean tumour size of 4.8 cm (0.3-7). Radiographic aspects frequently showed radiolucent (139/68.4%) and unilocular (52/25.6%) images with well-defined limits (48/23.6%). The lesions mostly affected mandibular pre-molars (69/34%) and mandibular molars (69/34%) regions. Enucleation (89/43.8%) and surgical excision (59/29%) were the most common treatment modalities. The mean follow-up time was 33.8 months (0.5-216 months) and recurrences were observed in four cases (1.9%), all of which were central odontogenic fibroma associated with central giant cell granuloma (COF/CGCG). CONCLUSION: COC/OD is the most common HOL and recurrence is a rare event, being usually associated with the diagnosis of COF/CGCG.

3.
Dev Dyn ; 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324745

RESUMO

Dental follicles are involved in odontogenesis, periodontogenesis, and tooth eruption. Dental follicles are unique structures, considering that their remnants can persist within the jawbones after odontogenesis throughout life if the tooth does not erupt. Pathological changes may occur in these tissues as individuals age. The changes range from benign to life threatening. Thus, the assessment of age-related changes in dental follicles associated with unerupted teeth is of paramount importance. In this review, we summarize the physiological roles and changes in dental follicles in odontogenesis, tooth eruption, and aging, in addition to the pathological changes associated with these structures. We encourage investigators to consider this peculiar tissue as a unique model and explore its potential to clarify its importance from the viewpoints of developmental biology, tissue physiology, and pathology.

4.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of nontreponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20-29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

5.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106410

RESUMO

Smooth muscle neoplasms represent an important group of lesions which is rare in the oral cavity. Leiomyoma (LM) is benign smooth muscle/pericytic tumor usually presenting as non-aggressive neoplasm, while leiomyosarcoma (LMS) represents its malignant counterpart. The rarity of these lesions, together with its unspecific clinical presentation and a variable histopathological appearance, lead to a broad list of differential diagnoses, hampering their diagnoses. Therefore, in this study we describe the clinical and microscopic features of a series of oral and maxillofacial LMs and LMSs. A retrospective search from 2000 to 2019 was performed and all cases diagnosed as LM and LMS affecting the oral cavity and gnathic bones were retrieved. Clinical and demographic data were obtained from the patients' pathology records, while microscopic features and immunohistochemistry were reviewed and completed when necessary to confirm the diagnoses. Twenty-two LMs and five LMSs were obtained. In the LM group, males predominated, with a mean age of 45.7 years. The upper lip was the most affected site, and 18 cases were classified as angioleiomyomas and four as solid LM. In the LMS group, females predominated, with a mean age of 47.6 years. The mandible was the most affected site. Diffuse proliferation of spindle cells, with necrosis and mitotic figures, were frequent microscopic findings. LMs and LMSs were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, HHF-35 and h-caldesmon. In conclusion, oral LM/LMS are uncommon neoplasms with the latter usually presenting as metastatic disease. H&E evaluation may be very suggestive of oral LMs, but h-caldesmon staining is strongly recommended to confirm LMS diagnosis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030998

RESUMO

Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare inherited disease caused by deficiencies in DNA damage repair, which mainly results from the failure of nucleotide excision repair or defects in translesion DNA synthesis. The development of multiple malignancies is one of the most prominent features of this condition, which is clinically characterized by the occurrence of hyperpigmentation and lesions associated with sunlight exposure. Lip squamous cell carcinoma in patients with XP has rarely been reported, and information regarding the genetic analysis of these patients is limited. In this report, a case of a 20-year-old patient who developed squamous cell carcinoma in the lower lip is described. Although the tumor was surgically excised, the patient presented with recurrence a few months later. Targeted sequencing using a customized panel of DNA repair genes revealed a mutation in POLH, the gene encoding DNA polymerase eta. Therefore, molecular characterization is important to further improve the understanding of possible phenotype-genotype correlations and mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of XP.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Xeroderma Pigmentoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Reparo do DNA/genética , Éxons/genética , Humanos , Lábio , Mutação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Xeroderma Pigmentoso/genética , Adulto Jovem
8.
Oral Dis ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess which metabolic pathways would be implicated in the phenotypic changes of the epithelial lining of odontogenic keratocyst after marsupialization, comparing pre- and post-marsupialized lesions with adjacent oral mucosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues from six subjects were divided into three paired groups: odontogenic keratocyst pre- (n = 6) and post-marsupialization (n = 6), and adjacent oral mucosa (n = 6). The metabolic pathways found in these groups were obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based untargeted metabolomics performed. RESULTS: Through putative metabolite annotation followed by pathway enrichment and predictive analysis with automated algorithms (Mummichog and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis), we found differences in many cellular processes that may be involved in inflammation, oxidative stress response, keratinocyte-basal membrane attachment, differentiation, and proliferation functions, all relevant to odontogenic keratocyst pathobiology and the phenotype acquired after marsupialization. CONCLUSION: Our study was able to identify several metabolic pathways potentially involved in the metaplastic changes induced by marsupialization of odontogenic keratocysts. An improved comprehension of this process could pave the way for the development of targeted therapies.

9.
Nitric Oxide ; 113-114: 23-30, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915274

RESUMO

PnPP-19 peptide has a primary sequence design based on molecular modeling studies of PnTx2-6 toxin. It comprises the amino acid residues that are potentially significant for the pharmacological action of PnTx2-6. Ex vivo and in vivo experiments in normotensive, hypertensive, or diabetic murine models have shown a significant improvement in penile erection after administration of PnPP-19. Given the potential use of PnPP-19 in pharmaceutical formulations to treat erectile dysfunction and the lack of information concerning its mode of action, the present work investigates its activities on the nitrergic system. PnPP-19 induced a significant increase in nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP levels in corpus cavernosum (cc). These effects were inhibited by l-NAME, a non-selective inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS); were partially inhibited by 7- Nitroindazole, a selective inhibitor of neuronal NOS (nNOS); and were abolished by L-NIL, a selective inhibitor of inducible NOS (iNOS). This potentiating effect was not affected by atropine. PnPP-19 also led to changes in mRNA levels, protein expression and phosphorylation at specific sites of NOS, in cc. Assays using cavernous tissue from knockout mice to endothelial NOS (eNOS), nNOS or iNOS showed that PnPP-19 potentiates relaxation only in eNOS-knockout mice, which suggests an essential role for nNOS. Surprisingly, iNOS enhanced the potentiation of erectile function evoked by PnPP-19. Our results demonstrate that this new synthetic peptide potentiates erectile function via nitric oxide activation and reinforce its role as a new pharmacological tool for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.

10.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic epithelial tumour with a low expression of mismatch repair system components. We aimed to investigate the methylation status of the genes MSH2, MSH3 and MSH6 (MutS group) in conventional ameloblastomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ameloblastoma and dental follicle samples (n = 10 each) were collected from 20 different patients. Each ameloblastoma sample was sectioned into two fragments: one was paraffin-embedded while the other one, likewise the dental follicle samples, was fixed in RNAlater and frozen at -196°C. All frozen samples were investigated for the MutS genes methylation levels, using the enzymatic restriction digestion and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay. The ameloblastoma paraffin-embedded samples were submitted to immunohistochemical reactions for MutS proteins detection and digitally quantification. Correlation analyses were performed between the immunohistochemical results and the respective gene methylation percentage. RESULTS: There are no significant differences between the MutS genes methylation levels in the ameloblastoma and the dental follicle. However, a strong negative correlation was found between MSH2 and MSH6 gene methylation status and their respective proteins expressions evaluated by immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the genes methylations is in part responsible for decreasing the expression of MSH2 and MSH6 genes in ameloblastoma.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737015

RESUMO

During oral pathology daily practice, true amyloid may be identified in oral amyloidosis and several odontogenic tumors. However, histologic examination often reveals other oral and perioral diseases with similar eosinophilic, acellular, amorphous substances. These include extensive areas of collagenous sclerosis, fibrin deposition, elastic fiber degeneration, and dentinoid material, which may resemble amyloid under light microscopic examination. These materials are often termed "amyloid-like" due to their close histologic resemblance to true amyloid. The rarity of most of these conditions and their strong histologic similarity may hamper an accurate diagnosis. Definitive diagnosis of these lesions may require clinical correlation; laboratory evaluation; histochemical or immunohistochemical reactions; and, in some cases, genetic investigation. In this review, we describe the main clinicopathologic features of this group of diseases that may manifest in the oral and/or perioral regions and that have in common the presence of amyloid-like material deposition.


Assuntos
Amiloidose , Tumores Odontogênicos , Amiloide , Amiloidose/diagnóstico , Tecido Elástico , Humanos
12.
J Med Genet ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathogenic germline variants in Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 4 Cation Channel (TRPV4) lead to channelopathies, which are phenotypically diverse and heterogeneous disorders grossly divided in neuromuscular disorders and skeletal dysplasia. We recently reported in sporadic giant cell lesions of the jaws (GCLJs) novel, somatic, heterozygous, gain-of-function mutations in TRPV4, at Met713. METHODS: Here we report two unrelated women with a de novo germline p.Leu619Pro TRPV4 variant and an overlapping systemic disorder affecting all organs individually described in TRPV4 channelopathies. RESULTS: From an early age, both patients had several lesions of the nervous system including progressive polyneuropathy, and multiple aggressive giant cell-rich lesions of the jaws and craniofacial/skull bones, and other skeletal lesions. One patient had a relatively milder disease phenotype possibly due to postzygotic somatic mosaicism. Indeed, the TRPV4 p.Leu619Pro variant was present at a lower frequency (variant allele frequency (VAF)=21.6%) than expected for a heterozygous variant as seen in the other proband, and showed variable regional frequency in the GCLJ (VAF ranging from 42% to 10%). In silico structural analysis suggests that the gain-of-function p.Leu619Pro alters the ion channel activity leading to constitutive ion leakage. CONCLUSION: Our findings define a novel polysystemic syndrome due to germline TRPV4 p.Leu619Pro and further extend the spectrum of TRPV4 channelopathies. They further highlight the convergence of TRPV4 mutations on different organ systems leading to complex phenotypes which are further mitigated by possible post-zygotic mosaicism. Treatment of this disorder is challenging, and surgical intervention of the GCLJ worsens the lesions, suggesting the future use of MEK inhibitors and TRPV4 antagonists as therapeutic modalities for unmet clinical needs.

13.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 120: 104630, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744281

RESUMO

Preclinical models are a core feature of translational research, and patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models have increasingly been used with such purpose. PDX involves the transplantation of fresh human tumor samples into immunodeficient mice to overcome immunologic rejection. It is a valuable tool for basic as well as preclinical research, contributing to the establishment of models to characterize the neoplasms to drug screening and to allow the identification of therapeutic targets. The use of these models is justified because they retain the histological and genomic features of the primary tumor. PDX models are well described for malignant neoplasms, for which the advantages are clear and include the development of drug treatments. The establishment of malignant tumors PDX is undeniably important from a medical perspective. However, few studies have used such models for benign neoplasms. The use of PDX for benign neoplasm studies can help to clarify the pathobiology of these diseases, as well as invasion and malignant transformation mechanisms, which from a biological perspective is equally important to the study of malignant tumors. Therefore, the aim of this study is to review the current methodology for PDX model generation and to cover its main applications, focusing on benign neoplasms.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neoplasias/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos
14.
Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol ; 131(4): 452-462.e4, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the clinicopathological, molecular, and prognostic features of oral/oropharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and high-grade B-cell lymphoma. STUDY DESIGN: All cases were retrieved from 7 Brazilian institutions. Immunohistochemical reactions were performed to confirm the diagnoses and to categorize the tumors. In situ hybridization was used to detect Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to identify gene rearrangements. RESULTS: Most cases involved the oral cavity (76.8%). Males and females, with a mean age of 60 years, were evenly affected. Tumors mostly presented as painful swellings. Forty cases represented germinal center B-cell type (58%). Five cases presented double-hit translocation and 3 harbored rearrangement for MYC/BCL2/BCL6. EBV was detected in 3 cases (4.3%). The 5-year overall survival was 44.4%. Female sex, presence of pain and ulcer, microscopic "starry sky pattern" and necrosis, co-expression of c-Myc/Bcl2, and translocation of MYC were associated with a lower survival in univariate analysis (P = .05, P = .01, P = .01, P = .03, P = .05, P = .006, P = .05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Patients affected by oral/oropharyngeal DLBCL have a low survival rate. High-grade B-cell lymphoma (17.7%) and EBV-positive DLBCL, not otherwise specified (4.3%) account for a small number of cases.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética
15.
Oral Dis ; 27(4): 952-961, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a benign lesion that tends to recur after surgical treatment. In an attempt to clarify the molecular basis underlining the OKC pathobiology, we aimed to analyze its proteomic profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the proteomic profiles of five OKC and matched normal oral mucosa by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Then, we performed enrichment analysis and a literature search for the immunoexpression of the proteomics targets. RESULTS: We identified 1,150 proteins and 72 differently expressed proteins (log2 fold change ≥ 1.5; p < .05). Twenty-seven peptides were exclusively detected in the OKC samples. We found 35 enriched pathways related to cell differentiation and tissue architecture, including keratinocyte differentiation, keratinization, desmosome, and extracellular matrix (ECM) organization and degradation. The immunoexpression information of 11 out of 50 proteins identified in the enriched pathways was obtained. We found the downregulation of four desmosomal proteins (JUP, PKP1, PKP3, and PPL) and upregulation of ECM proteases (MMP-2, MMP-9, and cathepsins). CONCLUSIONS: Proteomic analysis strengthened the notion that OKC cells have a similar proteomic profile to oral keratinocytes. Contextual investigation of the differentially expressed proteins revealed the deregulation of desmosome proteins and ECM degradation as important alterations in OKC pathobiology.


Assuntos
Cistos Odontogênicos , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Cromatografia Líquida , Matriz Extracelular , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(4): 410-417, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare neuroectodermal soft tissue neoplasms that mainly affect the skin of the upper limbs and trunks and the oral cavity. GCTs are derived from Schwann cells and, ultrastructurally, their intracytoplasmic granules are considered autophagosomes or autophagolysosomes and are consistent with myelin accumulation. METHODS: In this study, a convenience set of 22 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples of oral GCTs, all but one sample located at the tongue, was screened for mutations by whole-exome (WES) or targeted sequencing. RESULTS: WES revealed two novel variants in genes of the vacuolar ATPase (V-ATPase) complex: ATP6AP1 frameshift c.746_749del, leading to p.P249Hfs*4, and ATP6V1A non-synonymous c.G868A, leading to p.D290N. Each of these mutations occurred in one case. With regard to the samples that were wild type for these V-ATPase variants, at least two samples presented variants in genes that are part of endosomal/lysosomal/autophagosomal networks including ABCA8, ABCC6, AGAP3, ATG9A, CTSB, DNAJC13, GALC, NPC1, SLC15A3, SLC31A2, and TMEM104. CONCLUSION: Although the mechanisms involved in oral GCT initiation and progression remain unclear, our results suggest that oral GCTs have V-ATPase variants similarly to GCTs from other tissues/organs, and additionally show variants in lysosomes/endosomes/autophagosomal genes.


Assuntos
Tumor de Células Granulares , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras , Biologia , Tumor de Células Granulares/genética , Humanos , Lisossomos , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
18.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 79(5): 1062-1068, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212035

RESUMO

The glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is an uncommon jawbone cyst with a challenging diagnosis because of the presence of several clinical and histopathologic overlaps with other odontogenic lesions and central mucoepidermoid carcinoma. To date, less than 200 cases of GOC have been published in the literature with reliable clinical and histopathologic information. Furthermore, the lack of a well-documented GOC case series impairs a more detailed understanding about the biological behavior and appropriate management of the lesion. Therefore, in this study, we report 3 well-documented cases of GOC in the literature. In one of the cases, the incisional biopsy was misdiagnosed as a dentigerous cyst, and the lesion recurred. Therefore, we also discuss key points regarding the diagnosis and treatment of GOC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide , Cistos Odontogênicos , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Cistos Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos Odontogênicos/cirurgia
20.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(5): 478-484, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: BRAF p.V600E is reported in up to 80% of ameloblastomas. Despite the high frequency, the presence of this mutation in different histopathological areas of the tumour has not been investigated. This information has an important role in the use of BRAF p.V600E assessment as an auxiliary tool in the differential diagnosis between unicystic ameloblastoma and other odontogenic cystic lesions, especially when only incisional biopsies are available. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate BRAF p.V600E heterogeneity in unicystic ameloblastoma. METHODS: Five cases of ameloblastoma and two dentigerous cysts were analysed. The regions exhibiting different microscopic characteristics were selected from each ameloblastoma case and manually dissected. TaqMan allele-specific qPCR or Sanger sequencing was performed to determine BRAF p.V600E status. RESULTS: We screened the mutation in a small cohort of UA and no molecular heterogeneity was found. Four cases of ameloblastoma (80%) exhibited BRAF p.V600E in all different areas evaluated. One case did not harbour the mutation in any microscopic region analysed. The BRAF mutation was absent in the dentigerous cysts. CONCLUSION: Ameloblastomas appear to exhibit a homogeneous profile regarding the BRAF p.V600E no matter what histological feature is observed under light microscopy, suggesting that this molecular test may contribute to establish the correct diagnosis in cases microscopically resembling other odontogenic lesions.


Assuntos
Ameloblastoma , Cistos Odontogênicos , Ameloblastoma/diagnóstico , Ameloblastoma/genética , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética
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